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Renewable energy has emerged as one of the predominant means for addressing global climate change, as well as a remedy for energy workers and communities displaced by declining fossil fuels industries. However, little is known about how individuals living and working in fossil fuels-dependent communities perceive renewable energy and the low-carbon transition. To investigate this, semi-structured interviews were conducted with forty-five community representatives in 2016 in two energy-dependent...
Topics: Community, Fossil fuels, Just transition, Public perception, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The failure of the multilateral processes to deliver comprehensive treaties has illuminated the importance of participatory and deliberative processes in global forest policy. There has been scholarly work on the role of different actors in global forest policy fora, including the roles of: environmental non-government organizations, private sector, public administrations, and scientific communities. However, literature search suggests studies on the participation of the youth groups are almost...
Topics: CBD, Deliberation, Forest, Global policy, Participation, UNFF, Youth
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Faith Ka Shun Chan; James A. Griffiths; David Higgitt; Shuyang Xu; Fangfang Zhu; Yu Ting Tang; Yuyao Xu; Colin R. Thorne
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Surface water flooding is currently viewed as the most serious water-related issue in many of the China's large cities due to rapid urbanization, land-use change and the process of rapid socio-economic development. In 2014, the People's Republic of China established the concept of the ‘Sponge City’ which will be used to tackle urban surface-water flooding and related urban water management issues, such as purification of urban runoff, attenuation of peak run-off and water conservation. The...
Topics: Climate change, Landuse planning, Sponge City, Surface water flooding, Urban water management
Alternative jet fuels are one of the four mechanisms by the United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to limit and reduce carbon emissions from international aviation. By using Carol Bacchi's what's the problem represented to be? method of discourse analysis, the objective of this paper was to identify and understand the premises and effects of the problem-solving paradigm underlying ICAO's alternative jet fuel strategy. As a result, three problem representations were...
Topics: Alternative jet fuels, Climate change, International aviation, Policy analysis, Weak sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Many coastal landscapes across Europe are undergoing change due to the impacts of a changing climate. In the context of coastal erosion, especially the question of physical access to the landscape for a variety of publics is becoming ever more important. Where a multitude of actors are involved in landscape management, diverging subjective and collective perceptions of these changing landscapes, hold potential for disagreement about suitable adaptive measures. Although the body of literature on...
Topics: Access, Climate change adaptation, Coastal erosion, Coastal landscapes, Landscape as a commons,...
It is increasingly recognised that meeting the obligations set out in the Paris Agreement on climate change will not be physically possible without deploying large-scale techniques for either removing greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere or reflecting sunlight away from the Earth. In this article we report on the findings of a scenarios method designed to interrogate how far these ‘climate engineering’ ideas may develop in the future and under what governance arrangements. Unlike...
Topics: Policy instruments, Research incentives, Scenarios, Slippery slope
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diego Galafassi; Sacha Kagan; Manjana Milkoreit; María Heras; Chantal Bilodeau; Sadhbh Juarez Bourke; Andrew Merrie; Leonie Guerrero; Guðrún Pétursdóttir; Joan David Tàbara
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The search for decisive actions to remain below 1.5 °C of global temperature rise will require profound cultural transformations. Yet our knowledge of how to promote and bring about such deep transformative changes in the minds and behaviours of individuals and societies is still limited. As climate change unravels and the planet becomes increasingly connected, societies will need to articulate a shared purpose that is both engaging and respectful of cultural diversity. Thus, there is a...
Energy poverty remains an enduring challenge in Bangladesh, with 41 million people lacking electricity. Foreign states, corporations, and financial institutions have historically shaped the form and terms of the country's energy system, which is predominantly fossil fuel based. Shifting geographies of energy extraction and processing continue to reflect this past and influence current national energy debates in Bangladesh. The Rampal coal-fired energy project, a joint initiative with India,...
Topics: Activism, Bangladesh, Climate change, Coal, Energy justice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Against a background of an escalating world population, there are now more people living in urban environments than elsewhere. While historically urban households have supplemented the family diet from the backyard vegetable garden, in periods of economic upturn (e.g., post- World War II) there has been a tendency for a transition from household food production to relying on supplies from commercial food outlets. In times of economic hardship there has been a switch back to backyard food...
Topics: City futures, Food production, Lifestyle changes, Self-sufficiency trends, Suburban gardens, Urban...
Console Demos
by K-Storm
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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=76329 vampires by K-Storm Type: demo Release Date: june 2018 Release Party: Very Important Party Release Compo: oldskool demo Ranked: 5
Winamp Skins Collection
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thair winamp skin 002 by nekomarunosuke dcaw14q
Winamp Skins Collection
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thair winamp skin 001 by nekomarunosuke dcacncs
Winamp Skins Collection
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super mario bros 1 remix by luigihann dc0mab3
Red Bull Music Academy: The Mirror
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RBMA participants share their thoughts and ideas about the Granular Convolver, an instrument specially designed for the 20th anniversary edition of the Red Bull Music Academy. Find more videos here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLDdx2qJK6Byg_BOteg9-GnrIlOf_qIW28 Red Bull Music Academy is the educational pillar of the Red Bull Music program. It is a global institution that for 20 years has been committed to fostering creativity in music by collaborating with those who are shaping our...
Topics: Youtube, video, Entertainment, red bull music academy, red bull, granular convolver, granular...
WARCZone: Outsider WARCs
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releases.opennt.eu
Console Demos
by PTS
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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=76304 ptsd by PTS Type: demo Release Date: may 2018 Release Party: Simulaatio Release Compo: oldskool demo Ranked: 4
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
by Rebecca McLaren
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Visual Arts, Photography, Writing/Poetry, Music/Film
Topics: lonely, terribly, love, brianne, agnizle, aggressively, azine, gentle, collage, giselle, terribly...
olympic metadata collection 2016 2018
Winamp Skins Collection
software

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maya winamp skin 005 by nekomarunosuke dcbp5jt
Winamp Skins Collection
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kureha winamp skin 003 by nekomarunosuke dccsf4h
Winamp Skins Collection
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kureha winamp skin 001 by nekomarunosuke d9rc0nx
Winamp Skins Collection
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kuraresu winamp skin 009 by nekomarunosuke dcdtj4r
Winamp Skins Collection
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kuraresu winamp skin 008 by nekomarunosuke dca221r
Winamp Skins Collection
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kuraresu winamp skin 007 by nekomarunosuke dc53wnd
Winamp Skins Collection
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kuraresu winamp skin 001 by nekomarunosuke d9pmiw6
Winamp Skins Collection
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kitsune winamp skin 001 by nekomarunosuke da56w0p
WARCZone: Outsider WARCs
web

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ifarchive.jmac.org.warc
Console Demos
by K-Storm
software

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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=76619 hack the internet by K-Storm Type: demo Release Date: june 2018 Release Party: NOVA Release Compo: oldskool demo Ranked: 5
Console Demos
by cybroitek
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Full demo information and links at http://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=78646 cybroitek Type: game Release Date: october 2018 Release Party: RetroKomp Release Compo: gamedev Ranked: 9
Console Demos
by coder-monkey-0xFF
software

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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=77772 coder-monkey-0xFF Type: demo Release Date: august 2018 Release Party: Chaos Constructions Release Compo: combined demo Ranked: 4
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

eye 2,355

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

eye 1,906

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

eye 1,865

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Butler
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The Anthropocene embodies the concept of human impacts on the natural environment, but disagreements exist as to when to identify its inception/starting date. In this paper I illustrate that regardless of the proposed starting date of the Anthropocene, important zoogeomorphic impacts were initiated at each of these proposed starting dates. Humans have profoundly altered geomorphic pathways through extinctions and the near-extirpation of native populations of animal species that strongly...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Exotic species, Zoogeomorphology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Butler; Faisal Anzah; Paepin D. Goff; Jennifer Villa
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Zoogeomorphology, the study of animals as geomorphic agents, has been largely overlooked in the context of resilience theory and biogeomorphic systems. In this paper, examples are provided of the interactions between external landscape disturbances and zoogeomorphological agents. We describe cases in which naturally occurring zoogeomorphological agents occupy a landscape, and examine whether those zoogeomorphic agents provide resilience to a landscape or instead serve as a landscape stress...
Topics: Disturbance, Exotic species, Zoogeomorphology
Incoming and Unsorted Zines
by Cosima Storz
texts

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Short guide on creating zines in class
Topics: zines, zine, cosima, storz, ideas, esther, students, culture, diy, fanzine, science fiction, cosima...
The Younger Dryas (YD) stadial represents the most abrupt climate change of the Earth's recent history. Thus, understanding its causes and different local responses is relevant for Quaternary paleoclimatology. We present a speleothem high-resolution proxy record of the Lateglacial to Early Holocene paleoclimate of the Cantabrian Cordillera (N Spain), a strategic location to evaluate the influence of North Atlantic events such as the YD on South-Western Europe. Fluorescence lamination,...
Topics: Annual fluorescence lamination, Early holocene, Magnesium concentration, Northern Spain,...
Red Bull Music Academy: The Mirror
by Red Bull Music Academy
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Young Guru is more than just an engineer. As Jay-Z’s right-hand man in studio matters, he oversees everything from sequencing to mixing, as well as dashing back and forth when Jay-Z wants to change a line or two. In this brilliant lecture at RBMA Madrid 2011, Young Guru discussed his early years in Delaware, stealing records from his friends’ houses to scour for samples, and brings us right up to date with Jay Electronica, who recently revived Young Guru’s faith in hip-hop. TOPICS: 03:14...
Topics: Youtube, video, Entertainment, “red bull music academy”, “red bull”, young guru, jay-z,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shihab Uddin; Markus Löw; Shahnaj Parvin; Glenn J. Fitzgerald; Sabine Tausz-Posch; Roger Armstrong; Michael Tausz
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This study investigated the interactive effects of atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]) and water availability on yield, root growth and water use of two canola cultivars with contrasting growth and vigour (vigorous hybrid cv. Hyola 50 and non-hybrid cv. Thumper). Plants were grown under ambient [CO2] (a[CO2], ∼400 μmol mol−1) or elevated [CO2] (e[CO2], ∼700 μmol mol−1) in a glasshouse. Two water treatments (well-watered and drought) were established in each [CO2] treatment. During...
Topics: Biomass, Climate change, Drought, Elevated [CO2], Soil water depletion, Vertical root distribution,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sudip Pandey; Marco Carrer; Daniele Castagneri; Giai Petit
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The Himalayas is one of the most ecologically sensitive and fragile areas in the world. The climate of the region is dominated by the monsoon seasonality, with typical dry winters and abundant summer precipitations. Here, forest vegetation spreads up to the world's highest elevations, where cold temperatures and early spring droughts represent the main limiting factors for growth. In this study, we applied a dendro-anatomical approach to assess xylem trait chronologies and their association to...
Topics: Betula utilis, Climate change, Dendroanatomy, Tree rings, Treeline, Xylem
Red Bull Music Academy: The Mirror
by Red Bull Music Academy
movies

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As part of the Red Bull Music Academy World Tour in 2012, five hip-hop legends – each representing one of the five boroughs of New York, the birthplace of hip-hop – took the couch over five days, and each lecture was followed by a show in their own neighborhood. In this session, hosted by the author Alvin Blanco (The Wu-Tang Clan And RZA), Raekwon, Ghostface Killah, Cappadonna, Allah Mathematics and Masta Killa sat down to discuss the making of Only Built 4 Cuban Linx, Wu slang, and more....
Topics: Youtube, video, Entertainment, “red bull music academy”, “red bull”, “studio science”,...
The Software Preservation Library
by John K. Morris
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WOZ Disk Image Reference Version 1.0 (January 17, 2018) by John K. Morris. Why yet another Apple II disk image format? This is probably the question many of you reading this document are asking. It basically comes down to the simple fact that none of the currently existing formats accurately represent the way data is encoded on an Apple II floppy disk. There is a place for a format that is an accurate representation of a bitstream that is also the exact length of a track so that it can be...
Topics: woz, chunk, track, disk, data, bitstream, image, byte, crc, bytes, disk image, woz disk, image...
This study examined how utilizing different frames to contextualize negative impacts of power plant emissions influenced belief in those impacts and support for policies to regulate emissions. Using a U.S. national YouGov sample (n = 1000), we examined how discussing emissions in terms of climate change or air pollution, and in terms of health or environmental impacts, influenced individuals with different partisan affiliations. The analysis utilized a moderated-mediation model, with belief in...
Topics: Climate change, Framing, Public opinion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiabi Du; Jian Shen; Kyeong Park; Ya Ping Wang; Xin Yu
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There are increasing concerns about the impact of worsened physical condition on hypoxia in a variety of coastal systems, especially considering the influence of changing climate. In this study, an EOF analysis of the DO data for 1985–2012, a long-term numerical simulation of vertical exchange, and statistical analysis were applied to understand the underlying mechanisms for the variation of DO condition in Chesapeake Bay. Three types of analysis consistently demonstrated that both biological...
Topics: Chesapeake Bay, Climate, Hypoxia, Physical control, Temperature, Vertical exchange
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paul Fleuchaus; Bas Godschalk; Ingrid Stober; Philipp Blum
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To meet the global climate change mitigation targets, more attention has to be paid to the decarbonization of the heating and cooling sector. Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) is considered to bridge the gap between periods of highest energy demand and highest energy supply. The objective of this study therefore is to review the global application status of ATES underpinned by operational statistics from existing projects. ATES is particularly suited to provide heating and cooling for...
Topics: Geothermal energy, Heating and cooling, Renewable energy, Seasonal thermal energy storage,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hudson L. Mendonça; T. Diana L. van Aduard de Macedo-Soares; Marcus Vinicius de A. Fonseca
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Mission-oriented programs have regularly been used as innovation policies when governments (or societies) are faced with complex challenges that demand radical innovations and multiplayer coordination. Nowadays, the global climate-change question, including the energy source issue, is an example of a mission-oriented challenge. Several countries have adopted energy programs with mission-oriented characteristics. Brazil, for example, launched three programs (PAISS, PAISS 2 and Inova Energia) to...
Topics: Brazil, Innovation, Mission-oriented, Public policy, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Large quantities of wood products have historically been disposed of in landfills. The fate of this vast pool of carbon plays an important role in national carbon balances and accurate emission reporting. The Republic of Ireland, like many EU countries, utilises the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines for greenhouse gas reporting in the waste sector, which provides default factors for emissions estimation. For wood products, the release of carbon is directly...
Topics: IPCC, Landfill, Methane emissions, Wood product decomposition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anamika Dey; Gurdeep Singh; Anil K. Gupta
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Women, especially in the marginalized communities of the high-risk regions prone to flood and drought are considered most vulnerable to climate change risks. They play a very important role in household nutrition management and resource management in terms of labor, off-farm products, and small savings. In the absence of help from formal and informal R and D and technology institutions, their knowledge and resources’ exchange system has to be very robust to cope with the seasonal shortages...
Topics: India, climate adaptation, food availability, gender
Red Bull Music Academy: The Mirror
by Red Bull Music Academy
movies

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In this public conversation as part of the Red Bull Music Academy 20th Anniversary Tour in Germany, Voigt sat down with Hanna Bächer to delve deep into his vast catalog of music and the peculiarities of his creative process. If you were to find the words Cologne and techno in the same sentence, chances are a third word would follow almost automatically: Kompakt. A record shop and label, Kompakt was co-founded by local producer Wolfgang Voigt in 1993 under the name Delirium. That same year,...
Topics: Youtube, video, Entertainment, “red bull music academy”, “red bull”, Woflgang Voigt,...
Red Bull Music Academy: The Mirror
by Red Bull Music Academy
movies

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Minimal techno pioneer Wolfgang Voigt talked about the similarities between German forests and a packed club, pared-back production techniques and why minimal music is nothing without that human touch in his RBMA Barcelona 2008 Lecture. TOPICS: 01:00 - Cologne 08:25 - Gas 19:20 - Early influences 24:08 - Studio 1 01:06:28 - The Kompakt “Bunker” MUSIC: 9:14 - Gas – “Zauberberg” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVxnbBkCIJA 24:08 - Studio 1 – “Gelb”...
Topics: Youtube, video, Entertainment, “red bull music academy”, “red bull”, Wolfgang Voigt,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianqing Wang; Xiaoyu Liu; Kun Cheng; Xuhui Zhang; Lianqing Li; Genxing Pan
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Impact of climate change on water supply and use is a critical issue for dryland crop production. In this study is assessed the potential impact of atmospheric CO2 enrichment (500 μmol mol−1, CE) and canopy warming (+2 °C, WA) and their combination (CW) on crop water utilization efficiency (WUE) of winter wheat in an open-air field experiment from Southeast China. Micro-meteorological measurement and wheat growth under individual treatments over three executive years of 2012–2015 were...
Topics: Climate change, Crop water use, Elevated temperature, Free-Air CO2 enrichment (FACE), Water...
The topographical heterogeneity of mountain landscapes and the associated species turnover over short distances should prompt us to examine the relationships between climate and mountain plant distribution at a much finer scale than is commonly done. Here, I focused on the root zone temperature experienced by low-stature perennial-dominated plant communities of temperate mountains, which are seasonally covered by snow. Based on the analysis of multi-annual recordings of ground temperatures...
Topics: Alpine, Freezing degree days, Root zone temperature, Snow cover, Thermal niche, Vegetation dynamics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patrick O. Sorensen; Adrien C. Finzi; Marc André Giasson; Andrew B. Reinmann; Rebecca Sanders-DeMott; Pamela H. Templer
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Air temperatures are rising and the winter snowpack is getting thinner in many high-latitude and high-elevation ecosystems around the globe. Past studies show that soil warming accelerates microbial metabolism and stimulates soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling. Conversely, winter snow removal to simulate loss of snow cover leads to increased soil freezing and reductions in soil microbial biomass, exoenzyme activity, and N cycling. The Climate Change Across Seasons Experiment (CCASE),...
Topics: Exoenzymes, Hubbard brook experimental forest, Microbial biomass, Soil freeze-thaw cycle, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Guadalupe Arenas-Corraliza; M. Lourdes López-Díaz; Gerardo Moreno
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One of the foreseeable consequences of climate change is a reduction in crop yields. In recent years, agroforestry systems have been identified as a strategy for climate change mitigation and adaptation. In this study we assess the potential of a silvoarable system to protect crops against extreme climate events. We studied a 9-year-old hybrid walnut silvoarable system (Juglans x intermedia Mj209xRa) intercropped with cultivars of two winter cereals – wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley...
Topics: Agroforestry, Alley cropping, Barley, Silvoarable, Wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenxi Hu; Zhongwei Tian; Dong Jiang; Shilu Gu; Hua Guo; Yonghui Fan; Muhammad Abid; Kai Chen; Weixing Cao; Tingbo Dai
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Elucidating the effects of asymmetric warming during winter and spring will help develop a feasible crop management strategy for climate change. Field experiments were conducted using the Yangmai-13 (vernal type) and Yannong-19 (semi-winter type) winter wheat cultivars to investigate the effects of night-warming during winter (warming by 1.47–1.53 °C from tillering to jointing), spring (warming by 1.68–1.77 °C from jointing to booting), and winter + spring (warming by 1.53–1.60 °C from...
Topics: Apparent nitrogen surplus, Night-warming, Nitrogen utilization efficiency, Root growth, Soil...
Red Bull Music Academy: The Mirror
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Winston Hazel, Toddla T and DJ Q represent three distinct generation of Sheffield sounds. Hazel is one of the city’s modern pioneers, a DJ at the Jive Turkey parties and one-third of electronic trio Forgemasters, whose “Track With No Name” was the first release on Warp Records. Toddla T grew up with Hazel’s selections, fashioning a voracious appetite for music that led to a position at Kenwood Studios and eventually to a solo career as a producer and DJ with a unique soundsystem...
Topics: Youtube, video, Entertainment, “red bull music academy”, “red bull”, “studio science”,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Salcedo-Sanz; R. García-Herrera; C. Camacho-Gómez; A. Aybar-Ruíz; E. Alexandre
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In this paper we deal with a problem of representative measuring points selection for long-term wind power analysis. It has direct applications such as wind farm prospective location or long-term power generation prediction in wind-based energy facilities. The problem's objective is to select the best set of N measuring points (i.e. N representative points), in such a way that a wind power error reconstruction measure is minimized, considering a monthly average wind power field. In order to...
Topics: Analogue method, Coral Reefs Optimization algorithm, Representative points, Wind power field...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Argüeso; S. Businger
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Renewable energy is a main avenue to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change, as well as health impacts, associated with mining, refining and burning fossil fuels. Isolated locations with consistent natural energy resources patterns, such as Hawaii, have great potential to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and generate energy locally. Using a regional atmospheric model, we explored the wind-power potential of Oahu at high resolution (1 km) and over a period...
Topics: Climate modeling, Regional atmospheric modeling, WRF, Wind energy, Wind-power potential
Winamp Skins Collection
software

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A collection of skins archived into a single .zip file from the MyWinAmp.com site in 2018.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tien Dat Pham; Naoko Kaida; Kunihiko Yoshino; Xuan Huu Nguyen; Hao Thi Nguyen; Dieu Tien Bui
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The Cat Ba Archipelago is an island chain bordering Hai Phong City in North Vietnam and has been recognized as a biosphere reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) since 2004. However, the mangrove forest ecosystem of this reserve has suffered severe degradation due to its partial conversion to shrimp aquaculture. The restoration of the mangroves is expected to play an important role in dealing with climate change impacts, given their ability to...
Topics: Hai Phong City, Mangrove restoration, Vietnam, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Esther Bautista-Chamizo; Marta Sendra; Ángeles Cid; Marta Seoane; Manoela Romano de Orte; Inmaculada Riba
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To evaluate the effects related to the combination of potential future changes in pH, temperature and salinity on microalgae, a laboratory experiment was performed using the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Populations of this species were exposed during 48 h to a three-factor experimental design (3 × 2 × 2) with two artificial pH values (6, 7.4), two levels of temperature (23 °C, 28 °C), two levels of salinity (34 psu, 40 psu) and a control (pH 8, Temp 23 °C, Sal 34 psu). The...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Ecotoxicology, Flow cytometry, Phytoplankton, pH
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fredrik Oulie Nyhagen; Hartvig Christie; Kjell Magnus Norderhaug
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The Green sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis is a cold-water species that in the 70s and 80s was the main culprit in the major grazing of macrophytes in the Norwegian fjords and coastal areas. Recent reports have questioned a decline in the S. droebachiensis in the Oslofjord, similar to what was observed to occur in the Norwegian coastal population of S. droebachiensis after the 1990s. In surveys from 2013 we collected data on urchin density, test diameter, early urchin settlement and...
Topics: Climate change, Gonad index, Recruitment, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, Test diameter, Urchin...
The transition towards low-carbon economy requires a number of specific actions by a multiplicity of actors in order to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, entailing energy efficiency, production of energy from renewable resources as well as the diffusion of more sustainable production and consumption patterns. Among the actors, local authorities can play a leading role for climate action. However, properly accounting for GHG emissions at local scale and identifying actions for GHG reduction...
Topics: Low carbon policy, Urban GHG emissions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Primary production of vast regions of the world's estuarine, coastal and pelagic ocean waters is limited by availability of fixed nitrogen; this despite the fact that a highly diverse suite of microorganisms potentially capable of fixing N2 (eubacteria and cyanobacteria), inhabit these waters. Theoretically, diazotrophs should supply the N needs to balance the N required to support primary production, assuming other key limiting nutrients, phosphorus and iron, are available and energy...
Topics: Climate change, Cyanobacteria, Denitrification, Eutrophication, N2 fixation, Nitrogen limitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heidelinde Grüneis; Marianne Penker; Karl Michael Höferl; Markus Schermer
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Impacts of climate change have become more and more evident and can be observed in ecosystems, societies and economies worldwide. Mountain agriculture is especially vulnerable to climate change, and adaptation seems crucial. Thus, certain adaptation activities, such as installing irrigation technology, switching to drought-resistant crop varieties or shifting planting dates, can already be observed. Despite these efforts, the barriers for climate change adaptation are still manifold and lead to...
Topic: Mountain agriculture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Meixian Liu; Xianli Xu; Alexander Y. Sun; Wei Luo; Kelin Wang
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Karst landscape, covers more than 10% of the global land surface and plays an important role in supporting ecosystems and human society, may be strongly influenced by climate change. Vegetation available water (VAW) is a key variable impacting the sensitivity of ecosystems to a changing environment. However, VAW in karst region is difficult to determine and remains uncertain. This study improved a dynamic Budyko-type water balance model, by introducing a nonlinear equation linking climate,...
Topics: Budyko framework, Ecohydrology, Hydrological modeling, Water balance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Delphine Ly; Gaëtan Touzy; Agathe Mini; Jean Luc Jannink; Fabien Cormier; Etienne Paux; Stéphane Lafarge; Jacques Le Gouis; Gilles Charmet
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Plant breeding has always sought to develop crops able to withstand environmental stresses, but this is all the more urgent now as climate change is affecting the agricultural regions of the world. It is currently difficult to screen genetic material to determine how well a crop will tolerate various stresses. Multi-environment trials (MET) which include a particular stress condition could be used to train a genomic selection model thanks to molecular marker information that is now readily...
Topics: Drought adaptation, Factorial regression, Genomic prediction, Genotype-by-environment interaction,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aurélien Mounier; Maria Correia; Frances Rivera; Federica Crivellaro; Ronika Power; Joe Jeffery; Alex Wilshaw; Robert A. Foley; Marta Mirazón Lahr
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Africa is the birthplace of the species Homo sapiens, and Africans today are genetically more diverse than other populations of the world. However, the processes that underpinned the evolution of African populations remain largely obscure. Only a handful of late Pleistocene African fossils (∼50-12 Ka) are known, while the more numerous sites with human fossils of early Holocene age are patchily distributed. In particular, late Pleistocene and early Holocene human diversity in Eastern Africa...
Topics: Africa, Late human evolution, Mandibles, Nataruk, Phenetic, West-Turkana
Canada's proposed Northern Gateway Pipeline would carry unrefined bitumen from the Alberta oil sands to the coast of British Columbia for international export. Socio-political acceptance or opposition can determine the fate of such projects, and media coverage offers insight into public discourse, including how the project is framed. We analyzed print media coverage of the project in six Canadian newspapers, including 2097 articles published from 2008 to 2014. The objectives were threefold: 1)...
Topics: Climate policy, Media analysis, Oil sands, Unconventional fossil fuels
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Karina Gibert; Joaquín Izquierdo; Miquel Sànchez-Marrè; Serena H. Hamilton; Ignasi Rodríguez-Roda; Geoff Holmes
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Data Mining (DM) is a fundamental component of the Data Science process. Over recent years a huge library of DM algorithms has been developed to tackle a variety of problems in fields such as medical imaging and traffic analysis. Many DM techniques are far more flexible than more classical numerial simulation or statistical modelling approaches. These could be usefully applied to data-rich environmental problems. Certain techniques such as artificial neural networks, clustering, case-based...
Topics: Data mining, Data science, Environmental systems, Method selection, Multidisciplinarity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jie Liang; Wenle Xing; Guangming Zeng; Xin Li; Yuhui Peng; Xiaodong Li; Xiang Gao; Xinyue He
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Climate change, regarded as one of the major threats to biodiversity and ecosystems, can impact on the distribution and survival of migratory birds. To investigate the threats of climate change to threatened migratory bird distributions, we used species distribution model (SDM) and climatic data under current and future climate scenarios to predict future changes in species distributions and how the geographic distribution of these threatened birds may respond to climate change by 2050. Our...
Topics: China, Climate change, Conservation hotspots, Species distribution model, The Ramsar sites,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Waste-sector greenhouse gas emissions have long been accepted as a critical component of climate change mitigation efforts because of the significant radiative forcing of methane (CH4) production from municipal landfills and other emissions from waste management processes. In developed countries, waste generation is expected to peak and decline by the end of the century, whereas waste generation is rapidly rising in many developing nations. The extent to which the countries of the world are...
Topics: Greenhouse gas, Paris Climate Agreement, Waste policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Flurin Babst; Stefan Klesse; David J.P. Moore; Kristina Seftigen; Jesper Björklund; Olivier Bouriaud; Andria Dawson; R. Justin DeRose; Michael C. Dietze; Annemarie H. Eckes; Brian Enquist; David C. Frank
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The demand for large-scale and long-term information on tree growth is increasing rapidly as environmental change research strives to quantify and forecast the impacts of continued warming on forest ecosystems. This demand, combined with the now quasi-global availability of tree-ring observations, has inspired researchers to compile large tree-ring networks to address continental or even global-scale research questions. However, these emergent spatial objectives contrast with paleo-oriented...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Data integration, Dendrochronology, Forest growth, Forest inventory,...
This paper compares Norway's strategies to promote carbon sequestration based climate change mitigation measures Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+). It aims to explain what makes Norway such a strong promoter of the two by focusing on the conceptual characteristics of CCS and REDD+. Treating Norway mitigation action portfolio as foreign policy, a two-level analytical framework is presented to this end. The analysis shows how...
Topics: Carbon capture and storage, Climate change mitigation policy, Foreign policy analysis, Norway,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miranda M. Chen; Lianna Lopez; Satyendra P. Bhavsar; Sapna Sharma
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Mercury (Hg) levels in Ontario top predator fishes have been increasing in recent decades. These increases may be a result of many additive factors, including global climate change. Only recently has research been conducted on how climate change may impact Hg levels in freshwater fishes at large-scales. We examined the relationship between Hg trends and (1) local weather, (2) large-scale climate drivers, and (3) anthropogenic Hg emissions, in native cool water (walleye and northern pike) and...
Topic: Predatory fishes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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States can play a key role in adaptation to climate change. Given the transboundary nature of the Baltic Sea, its coastal states have much to gain from cooperation to tackle eutrophication and flood risks. Since eight out of nine coastal states are EU Member States, the EU is expected to steer their efforts. Indeed, EU legislation and the EU adaptation strategy, including one specifically for the Baltic Sea Region are in place to activate state actors. They cover crucial aspects for the...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael Manville; Adam Seth Levine
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Voters often support increased spending for public transportation, but the motivation behind this support is as hard to discern as it is substantively important. Why do voters support transit? We use a survey-framing experiment (n = 1200) to evaluate the persuasive effects of common arguments for public transit. We study how different arguments change not just people's attitudes toward transit, but also their willingness to become politically active on its behalf. Our findings are twofold....
This paper argues that climate change adaptation through strategic greenspace planning requires scholars and planners to think differently about what equity means in an urban greenspace context. We use the heat mitigation potential of greenspace and the case of Taipei Metropolis in Taiwan to assess challenges arising from thinking about fairness in terms of distribution of benefits from greenspace functions, as opposed to fairness in greenspace accessibility and availability. Urban greening to...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Taipei, Urban greenspace, Urban heat island effect
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Despite overwhelming scientific evidence, many members of the public remain skeptical about anthropogenic global warming. Hence, we examined how the presentation of factual scientific evidence affects lay evaluations of scientific claims. Taking inspiration from cognitive research on inductive reasoning, two studies examined the impact of evidential diversity on acceptance of claims in the domains of climate change and public health. Participants were presented with scientific claims based on...
Topics: Best-worst scores, Climate change, Discrete choice experiment, Diversity effect, Public health,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Raphael J. Heffron; Darren McCauley
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The ‘just transition’ is a concept receiving more attention in the literature to-date. This critical review discusses this and how there are overlaps with literature on energy, environmental and climate justice. Within the separate energy, environment and climate change scholar communities, there is too much distortion of what the ‘transition’ means and what ‘justice’ means, and they all should be understood within the just transition concept. To increase public understanding and...
Topics: Climate justice, Energy justice, Environmental justice, Just transition, Legal geography
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This study predicts the probabilities of achieving the carbon dioxide (CO2) emission targets set by the Paris Agreement and the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the top ten CO2 emitters (TTCE). The TTCE are China, USA, India, Russia, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia based on their emission trends over 1991–2015 period. The methods of trend extrapolation and back propagation (BP) neural networks are used in this paper to overcome the weakness...
Topics: CO2 emission, Climate change, Energy consumption, Paris Agreement, Renewable energy
Sustainability is a paradigm that affects many sectors due to an increasing of stakeholders’ pressure, economic or political reasons. The wine industry is concerned about sustainability in both senses: it confronts threats from sustainability issues, such as climate change, chemical exposure and water and energy availability and its activities have their own impacts. In this sense, understanding sustainability in the wine world requires identifying definitions and principles, but also a...
Topics: Assessment, Cross-disciplinary perspective, Qualitative study, Sustainability, Wine industry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Leonardo Ancillotto; Ivana Budinski; Valentina Nardone; Ivy Di Salvo; Luciano Bosso; Paola Conti; Danilo Russo
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Human-induced alterations of ecosystems and environmental conditions often lead to changes in the geographical range of plants and animals. While modelling exercises may contribute to understanding such dynamics at large spatial scales, they rarely offer insights into the mechanisms that prompt the process at a local scale. Savi's pipistrelle (Hypsugo savii) is a vespertilionid bat widespread throughout the Mediterranean region. The species’ recent range expansion towards northeastern Europe...
Topics: Hypsugo savii, Overheating, Radio-telemetry, Synurbic, Thermoregulation, Torpor
This paper investigates the determinants of carbon emissions based on energy consumption, analyzing the data of 30 countries using nuclear energy for the period 1990–2014. Renewable energy and nuclear energy consumption are adopted as determinants, and real coal price and real GDP are used as additive variables. The panel cointegration analysis and Granger causality tests are conducted to investigating the relationship among the variables. First, the panel cointegration test results suggest...
Topics: Panel analysis, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by John A. Commito; Brittany R. Jones; Mitchell A. Jones; Sondra E. Winders; Serena Como
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Mussels are well-known ecosystem engineers in soft-bottom systems. Mytilus edulis beds have myriad effects on sediment, benthic organisms, and ecosystem processes such as hydrodynamic transport of sediment and animals. When mussels die, they may leave behind massive amounts of whole (empty) and fragmented shells. The legacy effects of this long-lasting biogenic material (i.e., shell hash) on benthic systems are poorly understood. We measured percent cover values of 4 bottom cover types, i.e.,...
Topics: Ecosystem engineer, Legacy effects, Mussel bed, Mytilus edulis, Shell hash, Soft-bottom
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiangyu Li; Ran Zhang; Zhongshi Zhang; Qing Yan
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Geological evidence shows that the Asian inland environment experienced enhanced aridity from the Early to the Late Eocene. This enhanced Eocene aridity in the Asian inland was related to combined impacts from global cooling, topographic uplift and land–sea reorganization. However, the primary cause of the enhanced Eocene aridity in this region is still under debate and varies between global cooling and early Tibetan Plateau uplift. To distinguish between the importance of these factors, we...
Topics: Aridification, CO 2 decrease, India–Asia collision, Land–sea distribution, Paleoclimate modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sai Qu; Lunche Wang; Aiwen Lin; Hongji Zhu; Moxi Yuan
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Knowledge of the vegetation dynamics is critical for addressing the potential challenges and threats facing the land surface ecosystems. Various climatic and anthropogenic factors such as temperature, precipitation, ecological engineering, and population density can affect the vegetation conditions. Yet how vegetation in the Yangtze River basin (YRB) responses to climate change and human activities is not well established. We investigate the spatiotemporal variations of vegetation coverage...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological engineering, Population density, Vegetation restoration, Yangtze River...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Martijn Kuller; Peter M. Bach; Diego Ramirez-Lovering; Ana Deletic
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Distributed and green urban drainage infrastructure known as Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is increasingly being implemented in cities globally to combat climate change and urbanisation effects. Rigorous consideration of the urban context in terms of biophysical, socio-economic and urban form related factors is crucial for optimal design outcomes. The extent to which the urban context is considered in current planning and decision-making processes remains unclear. This study investigates...
Topics: Low Impact Development (LID), Spatial analysis, Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS), Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lijie He; Lunche Wang; Aiwen Lin; Ming Zhang; Xiangao Xia; Minghui Tao; Hao Zhou
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Since the Reform and Opening up in China, aerosols increasingly affect the country's climate change and human health. However, remote sensing studies have been inconclusive as to long-term trends in Chinese aerosol emissions. The newly-released MERRA-2 product provides a long-term (1980 onward) aerosol reanalysis dataset, and thus is used in this study for identifying trends in aerosol optical depth (AOD) and aerosol direct radiative effect (ADRE) in clear sky over the Yangtze River Basin (YRB)...
Topics: Aerosol direct radiative effect, Aerosol optical depth, Impact factor analysis, Trend analysis,...
Background: Despite their currency, there is little ‘real-world’ evidence for the health co-benefits of policies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Objectives: To explore whether increases in market petrol and diesel price have a discernible impact on ambient air pollution. Methods: A causal diagram informed the analysis. Linear regression was conducted on weekly air pollutant time-series (PM 10 , NO x , PM 2.5 and CO) for four air quality monitoring stations around New Zealand, and diesel...
Topics: air pollution, climate change, co-benefits, fuel price, health, time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael H. Schleyer; Camilla Floros; Stuart C.S. Laing; Angus H.H. Macdonald; Phanor H. Montoya-Maya; Tamaryn Morris; Sean N. Porter; Mathieu G. Seré
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Coral communities are found at high latitude on the East Coast subtropical reefs of South Africa. They are biodiverse, economically important, and afforded World Heritage Site status in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park where some are subjected to recreational use. While the Park's unique coral reefs have, to date, suffered little bleaching from climate change, they are susceptible to the phenomenon and provide a natural laboratory for the study of its effects at high latitude. This review covers...
Topics: Climate change, Coral diseases, Coral reefs, Ecosystem services, Fish communities, Marine...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by William J. Mitsch; Ülo Mander
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This paper summarizes 19 papers published in a special issue of Ecological Engineering under the general banner of wetlands and carbon. Many of the papers were presented at a special session at EcoSummit 2016 in Montpellier, France in August-September 2016. The papers are in four general categories: estimating greenhouse gas fluxes with eddy covariance; methane and other greenhouse gas emissions from wetlands; carbon sequestration by wetlands; and organic carbon decomposition in wetlands....
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Eddy covariance, Enzymic latch, Wetland methane emissions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Saeideh Maleki; Ali Reza Soffianian; Saeid Soltani Koupaei; Saeid Pourmanafi; Sassan Saatchi
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In recent years, large parts of arid and semi-arid areas in the world are dealing with water restrictions. In these areas, wetlands provide habitats for migratory birds and have a critical role in socio-ecological systems. Generally, in these areas, changing water-use patterns because of land-use change and water limitation because of climate change have led to the loss of wide areas of wetlands. Wetland restoration is suggested to restore the functions and values of wetlands that have been...
Topics: GIS, Multicriteria-spatial decision support systems (MC-SDSS), Prioritization, Remote sensing,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vajiheh Rahimi; Keikhosro Karimi; Marzieh Shafiei; Reza Naghavi; Hossein Ghanavati; Seyed Saeid Mohtasebi; Shahin Rafiee; Meisam Tabatabaei
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Renewable energy generation through biorefineries is increasingly considered as more sustainable in comparison with fossil-based fuels as well as single-product renewable energy systems. However, biorefineries have many system variations, and therefore, the evaluation of their environmental performance and comparison with conventional systems before large-scale deployment is essential. In this paper, the sustainability of three different biorefiney scenarios (Sc-1, Sc-2, and Sc-3) based on...
Topics: Biodiesel, Biorefinery, Eruca sativa, Greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, Human health, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Riccardo Arosio; Kirsty C. Crocket; Geoffrey M. Nowell; S. Louise Callard; John A. Howe; Sara Benetti; Derek Fabel; Chris D. Clark
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The reconstruction of past ice sheet dynamics can inform on long-term ice stream activity, and in turn provide constraints on the response of modern ice sheets to climate change. The Hebrides Ice Stream (HIS) flowed across part of the western Scottish shelf to the shelf-break during the last glacial cycle. To investigate the deglacial dynamics of the HIS following the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), lead (Pb) isotope records were extracted from the FeMn oxyhydroxide and detrital fractions of...
Topics: FeMn oxyhydroxides, Glacial sediments, Last Glacial Maximum, Pb geochemistry, Provenance, Western...