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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ireen Vieweg; Eider Bilbao; James P. Meador; Ibon Cancio; Miren P. Cajaraville; Jasmine Nahrgang
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Polar cod is an abundant Arctic key species, inhabiting an ecosystem that is subjected to rapid climate change and increased petroleum related activities. Few studies have investigated biological effects of crude oil on lipid metabolism in this species, despite lipids being a crucial compound for Arctic species to adapt to the high seasonality in food abundance in their habitat. This study examines the effects of dietary crude oil exposure on transcription levels of genes related to lipid...
Topics: Biotransformation, Crude oil, Lipid metabolism, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, Plasma...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jong Hwan Park; Jim J. Wang; Ran Xiao; Scott M. Pensky; Manoch Kongchum; Ronald D. DeLaune; Dong Cheol Seo
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Mercury adsorption characteristics of Mississippi River deltaic plain (MRDP) freshwater marsh soil in the Louisiana Gulf coast were evaluated under various conditions. Mercury adsorption was well described by pseudo-second order and Langmuir isotherm models with maximum adsorption capacity of 39.8 mg g −1 . Additional fitting of intraparticle model showed that mercury in the MRDP freshwater marsh soil was controlled by both external surface adsorption and intraparticle diffusion. The...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal wetland, Freshwater marsh, Mercury adsorption, Metal fractionation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sanjeev Kumar; P. S. Bhavya; R. Ramesh; G. V.M. Gupta; Fidel Chiriboga; Arvind Singh; Indrani Karunasagar; Ashwin Rai; Ann Sofi Rehnstam-Holm; Lars Edler; Anna Godhe
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As projected by climate change models, increase in sea surface temperature and precipitation in the future may alter nutrient cycling in the coastal regions due to potential changes in phytoplankton community structure and their ability to assimilate nitrogen (N) and carbon (C). An experiment simulating different temperature and salinity conditions (28°C-35 ambient conditions, 28ºC-31, 31ºC-35 and 31ºC-31) in mesocosms containing 1000 L of coastal water from the Arabian Sea was performed...
Topics: Climate change, Mesocosm experiment, Nitrogen, Phytoplankton, Uptake
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrew Cogswell; Blair J.W. Greenan; Philip Greyson
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The potential benefits of using a geometric mean method for computing a vulnerability index are presented using both simulated variables as well as data from a Canadian coastal geodatabase (CanCoast). The assessment of vulnerability of natural and built coastal infrastructure to sea level rise is used to demonstrate the advantages of this method for climate change adaptation planning and decision-making. As with most real world datasets the probability distribution of individual variables in...
Topics: CVI, Coastal vulnerability, Geometric mean, Risk assessment, Vulnerability index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anne Lemahieu; Lucy Scott; Willem S. Malherbe; Paubert Tsimanaoraty Mahatante; José Victor Randrianarimanana; Shankar Aswani
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Southwest Madagascar is a region that is significantly impacted upon by climate change. As in a lot of developing countries, the livelihoods of many communities in this region are dependent on fishing. This makes these communities particularly vulnerable to climate-related changes. We conducted a survey in two coastal fishing communities in the Toliara Province, Ambola and Ambotsibotsike. Using a free listing exercise, semi-structured interviews and focus group methods, we documented local...
Topics: Climate change perception, Local ecological knowledge, Madagascar, Traditional small-scale fisheries
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Janice M. Lord; Alan F. Mark; Tanja Humar-Maegli; Stephan R.P. Halloy; Peter Bannister; Allison Knight; Katharine J.M. Dickinson
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Alpine ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the impact of global climate change. Depth and duration of seasonal snow cover are major drivers of variation in alpine plant community composition, so a reduction in snow cover as a result of climate change would expose plants that are currently protected by snow in winter and spring to greater extremes of temperature and increased risk of frost damage. We reciprocally transplanted 64 intact 60 cm × 60 cm × 10 cm (minimum depth) turves of...
Topics: Climate change, Herbivory, Reciprocal transplants, Snowbed, Thamnolia vermicularis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Flurin Babst; Stefan Klesse; David J.P. Moore; Kristina Seftigen; Jesper Björklund; Olivier Bouriaud; Andria Dawson; R. Justin DeRose; Michael C. Dietze; Annemarie H. Eckes; Brian Enquist; David C. Frank
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The demand for large-scale and long-term information on tree growth is increasing rapidly as environmental change research strives to quantify and forecast the impacts of continued warming on forest ecosystems. This demand, combined with the now quasi-global availability of tree-ring observations, has inspired researchers to compile large tree-ring networks to address continental or even global-scale research questions. However, these emergent spatial objectives contrast with paleo-oriented...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Data integration, Dendrochronology, Forest growth, Forest inventory,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Linda Maring; Maaike Blauw
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Pressure on urban areas increases by demographic and climate change. To enable healthy, adaptive and liveable urban areas different strategies are needed. One of the strategies is to make better use of subsurface space and its functions. Asset management of the Subsurface (AMS) contributes to this. Asset management provides transparency of trade-offs between performance, cost and risks throughout the entire lifecycle of these assets. AMS is based on traditional asset management methods, but it...
Topics: Asset management, Land management, Subsoil, Subsurface, Urban planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Saowanit Prabnakorn; Shreedhar Maskey; F. X. Suryadi; Charlotte de Fraiture
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Rice yields in Thailand are among the lowest in Asia. In northeast Thailand where about 90% of rice cultivation is rain-fed, climate variability and change affect rice yields. Understanding climate characteristics and their impacts on the rice yield is important for establishing proper adaptation and mitigation measures to enhance productivity. In this paper, we investigate climatic conditions of the past 30 years (1984–2013) and assess the impacts of the recent climate trends on rice yields...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate variability, Mun River Basin, Rice yield, SPEI, Thailand
The implications of anthropogenic climate change, human activities and land use change (LUC) on the environment and ecosystem services in the coastal regions of Saudi Arabia were analyzed. Earth observations data was used to drive land use categories between 1970 and 2014. Next, a Markov-CA model was developed to characterize the dynamic of LUC between 2014 and 2100 and their impacts on regions' climate and environment. Non-parametric change point and trend detection algorithms were applied to...
Topics: Environment, Human activities, Markov-CA"
This study aims to characterize future changes in precipitation extremes over China based on regional climate models (RCMs) participating in the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX)-East Asia project. The results of five RCMs involved in CORDEX-East Asia project that driven by HadGEM2-AO are compared with the simulation of CMA-RegCM driven by BCC-CSM1.1. Eleven precipitation extreme indices that developed by the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices are...
Topics: 1.5 °C warming, 2.0 °C warming, CORDEX, China, Precipitation extremes, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jaime Madrigal-González; Enrique Andivia; Miguel A. Zavala; Markus Stoffel; Joaquín Calatayud; Raúl Sánchez-Salguero; Juan Ballesteros-Cánovas
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Climate change can impair ecosystem functions and services in extensive dry forests worldwide. However, attribution of climate change impacts on tree growth and forest productivity is challenging due to multiple inter-annual patterns of climatic variability associated with atmospheric and oceanic circulations. Moreover, growth responses to rising atmospheric CO 2 , namely carbon fertilization, as well as size ontogenetic changes can obscure the climate change signature as well. Here we apply...
Topics: Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Dry forests, Mediterranean Oscillation Index, North Atlantic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To improve C sequestration in soils and mitigate climate change, it is essential to understand how nutrient management strategies impact on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and labile fractions. This study was designed to explore changes in soil bulk density (BD), SOC concentrations, SOC stocks and soil labile organic C fractions (mineralizable C (Cmin), microbial biomass C (MBC), dissolved organic C (DOC), particulate organic C (POC), light fraction organic C (LFOC) and permanganate oxidizable...
Topics: Labile organic carbon fractions, Long-term fertilization, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jenny Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola; Mika Siljander; Vuokko Heikinheimo; Petri Pellikka; Janne Soininen
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Understanding how species are distributed in space and time is a focal element guiding conservational efforts under ongoing climate change and the Holocene extinction. Freshwater habitats are currently one of the most threatened ecosystem types, and studies aiming to unravel factors that govern biodiversity of tropical stream micro-organisms are especially scarce. Diatoms play an important role as primary producers in streams and are widely used as ecological indicators. However, relatively...
Topics: Beta diversity, Community structure, Diatoms, Environmental heterogeneity, Headwaters, Tropics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by João Paulo Romanelli; Jaqueline Tomiê Fujimoto; Marcilene Dantas Ferreira; Douglas Henrique Milanez
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A bibliometric analysis was performed to evaluate the global scientific production on ecological restoration from the period of 1997 to 2017. This analysis was based on online database of Science Citation Index Expanded – Web of Science© and a total of 3297 publications was retrieved. The analysis comprised seven main aspects: (1) publication activity, (2) Web of Science categories, (3) journals, (4) countries, (5) authors, (6) organizations and (7) keywords. The results indicated that the...
Topics: Bibliometric map, Restoration ecology, Soil, Systemic approach, Tropical ecosystems, VOSviewer
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Peraza-Castro; E. Ruiz-Romera; M. Meaurio; S. Sauvage; J. M. Sánchez-Pérez
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The separate and combined effects of climate change and forest clearcutting on discharge, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and particulate organic carbon (POC) load at a seasonal and annual scale were evaluated for the Oka catchment. Compared to the baseline scenario (1970–2000), climate change displayed a decrease in annual rainfall (RCP4.5: 27% and RCP8.5: 28%) and an increase in mean temperature (12% for both emission scenarios). Together with the decrease in rainfall, a decrease in...
Topics: Climate change, Forest clearcutting, Hydrological modelling, SWAT
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Félix Massiot-Granier; Martin Castonguay; Hilaire Drouineau; Emili García-Berthou; Pascal Laffaille; Alain Lechêne; Mario Lepage; Karin Limburg; Jérémy Lobry; Eric Rochard; Kenneth Rose; Juliette Rosebery; Thibaud Rougier
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Climate, by altering the spatio-temporal distributions of suitable habitats, leads to modifications in a multitude of species ranges. In recent years, the ability of species to adjust to changing climatic conditions is of growing concern. In the present study, a generic trait-based method to assess species exploratory potential under climate change is proposed. “Exploratory potential” is here defined as the capacity of species to initiate the act of leaving their current habitats and to...
Topics: Climate change, Composite metric, Exploration, Migratory species, Participatory method, Range shift
Due to few comparative studies, explanations for differences in adaptation mainstreaming between sectors remain widely unclear. The article analyzes how adaptation mainstreaming was approached during the development of the Swiss National Adaptation Strategy and to what extent adaptation objectives were mainstreamed into sectoral policies. The analysis reveals that in Switzerland, adaptation objectives are integrated more substantially into sectoral policies when they overlap with primary...
Topics: Adaptation mainstreaming, Climate change adaptation, National adaptation strategies, Policy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper studies the delegation of climate policy to a supranational environmental authority. We develop a simple model of a world consisting of a large number of countries, which derive utility from energy consumption. Countries suffer from global warming and local air pollution, both caused by the combustion of fossil fuels, and decide individually on investments in clean technologies for energy production. A supranational environmental authority decides for each country on the maximally...
Topics: Optimal delegation, Supranational environmental authority
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kenji Fujisaki; Lydie Chapuis-Lardy; Alain Albrecht; Tantely Razafimbelo; Jean Luc Chotte; Tiphaine Chevallier
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Organic carbon saturation in soils refers to the theoretical maximum soil organic carbon (SOC) that can be associated with and stabilized on fine silt plus clay particles (F < 20 μm). We reviewed the literature dealing with SOC distribution between soil fractions to evaluate carbon saturation for tropical soils and estimate the C storage potential of cropland. We collected 258 data points on SOC distribution between soil fractions in tropical soils from 84 sites in 27 countries. We used...
Topics: Boundary line analysis, Fine particles, Particulate organic matter, Soil carbon saturation, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jing Shi; Vivianne H.M. Visschers; Noëmi Bumann; Michael Siegrist
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In contemporary society, sustainable food production and consumption are increasingly important to mitigate climate change. Food production and consumption result in large greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thus have a large environmental impact. To positively influence consumers in reducing their food related climate impact, it is important to understand their perception of the climate impacts related to food products. We conducted five online experiments to better understand how laypersons...
Topics: Consumer estimated climate impact, Country of origin, Food products, Mode of transport, Production...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Heatwaves have always occurred, but they are expected to intensify in frequency, duration and intensity due to climate change. Germany (like most European countries) experienced a distinct heatwave in 2003. Afterwards local heat health action plans (HHAP) were implemented in numerous regions (for example in Hesse). This analysis was designed to compare the heat wave of 2003 with the following ones in 2006, 2010 and 2015. We discuss whether measures from the Hessian HHAP were effective in...
Topics: Excess mortality, Heat, Heatwave, Mortality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carlo Ingrao; Fabio Licciardello; Biagio Pecorino; Giuseppe Muratore; Antonio Zerbo; Antonio Messineo
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This study was designed and developed to investigate the bread sector, by addressing the environmental issues associated with the supply chain of ‘Pagnotta del Dittaino’, a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) durum wheat bread produced in the central-east area of Sicily. In particular, the study discusses the application of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to highlight the most significant and representative environmental impacts for this bread production system. Cumulative Energy Demand (CED)...
Topics: Bread, Carbon footprint, Cumulative Energy Demand, Durum wheat, Life Cycle Assessment, Protected...
This study focuses on two different but interlinked lines of evidence that critically examine land surface processes contributing to the formation of desert pavements in the central Sahara. (1) Soil pedostratigraphies from the Messak plateau (SW Libya) illustrate phases of land surface stability and instability that reflect humid and arid phases of Quaternary climate, respectively. (2) The density and morphologies of surface lithic scatters in the same region were re-examined, based on data...
Topics: Libya, Lithic scatters, Quaternary climate change, Soil stratigraphy, Ventifacts
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jian Ying Qi; Shu Tian Yang; Jian Fu Xue; Cai Xia Liu; Jian Ping Hao; Fu Zhu Cui
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Agriculture is a primary contributor of greenhouse gas emissions and thus plays an important role in global climate change. Assessments of the carbon footprints of agricultural products are therefore helpful in climate change mitigation. The objective of this study was to provide a quantitative estimate of the carbon footprint of spring maize (Zea mays L.) production under different cultivation patterns. Four cultivation patterns were assessed in this study: traditional pattern, optimal...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Cultivation pattern, Environmental impact, Greenhouse gas emissions, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. K.S. Chan; C. Joon Chuah; A. D. Ziegler; M. Dąbrowski
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Many coastal cities are experiencing growing risk to hydrological hazards through the combination of uncontrolled urban development and exposure to natural phenomena linked to climate change, including rising sea levels, intensified storms, and amplified storm surges. This growing risk is particularly acute in Asian coastal mega-cities, many of which have yet to develop adequate adaptation policies to address plausible impacts of climate change. In this analysis, we review how Hong Kong and...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Coastal cities, Flood risk management, Hong Kong and Singapore, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global climate change caused by carbon emissions poses a severe challenge to human economic and social development. The Chinese government has committed to a series of emission reduction initiatives to achieve carbon intensity targets by actively promoting the green transformation of the industrial sector—the main source of energy consumption and environmental pollution. This transformation has been ongoing for more than five years, and the effects, problems and experiences are worth...
Topics: Carbon intensity, China, Dynamic threshold model, Environmental regulation, Industrial green...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As the relationship between vegetation and soil moisture is complex and reciprocal, there is a need to understand how spatial patterns in soil moisture influence the distribution of vegetation, and how the structure of vegetation canopies and root networks regulates the partitioning of precipitation. Spatial patterns of soil moisture are often difficult to visualise as usually, soil moisture is measured at point scales, and often difficult to extrapolate. Here, we address the difficulties in...
Topics: Electrical resistivity tomography, Forest, Moorland, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Certain sectors and paths along supply chains play a critical role in climate change mitigation. We develope a consumption-based framework, which combines input–output analysis, a power-of-pull approach and structural path analysis, and applied it to supply chain networks derived from 2010 and 2012 Jing-Jin-Ji interregional input–output tables. The aim of this study is to identify (1) the key economic sectors for controlling carbon emissions and their changes, (2) the critical directions...
Topics: Climate change, Input-output analysis, Power-of-pull analysis, Structural path analysis, Supply...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Future changes in rainfall patterns induced by climate changes will affect society and ecosystems, and quantifying these changes is of utmost importance for the management of hydroclimate risk. In particular, the estimation of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves for rainfall data is a routine procedure in urban hydrology and hydraulic studies and should be revisited to reflect future changes in rainfall variability. In this work, we propose a novel methodology based on the...
Topics: Bayesian model, Climate change, Intensity-Duration-Frequency curves, Rainfall, Regional estimates
As one of the most populous countries, China has policies protecting the amount of land available for crop production, but it does not consider the quality of land. Thus, an important issue is the impact on crop production by land use change under such policies and by notable climate variability during the past decades. Using a productivity attenuation method, we estimated the climatic productivity of winter wheat (WWCP) in the North China Plain, based on land use classification data and daily...
Topics: Agriculture and land policy, Climatic productivity, Crop modelling, Impact and adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fabio Attorre; Thomas Abeli; Chiara Montagnani; Gianluigi Bacchetta; Alessio Farcomeni; Giuseppe Fenu; Michele De Sanctis; Domenico Gargano; Lorenzo Peruzzi; Graziano Rossi; Fabio Conti; Simone Orsenigo
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Climate change can have significant impacts on the survival of plant species. However, it is seldom included in the assessment of the extinction risk according to IUCN Red List criteria. Lack of data and uncertainties of predictions make difficult such inclusion. In our paper we present an approach, in which the effect of climate change on plant species spatial distribution is used to prioritize conservation within IUCN categories. We used, as a case study, 37 Italian policy species, relevant...
Topics: Cellular automaton, Climate change, Conservation policy, Random forest, Range shift, Red lists
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marc Corbeels; David Berre; Leonard Rusinamhodzi; Santiago Lopez-Ridaura
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Climate model projections coupled with process-based crop models are advocated for assessing impacts of climate change on crop yields and for informing crop-level adaptations. However, most reported studies are vague on the choice of the global circulation models (GCMs) for climate projections, and on the corresponding uncertainty with this type of model simulations. Here we investigated whether climate-crop modelling can be used for identifying crop management-level adaptation options. We...
Topics: Climate models, Crop modelling, Crop yield, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mikko Peltoniemi; Mika Aurela; Kristin Böttcher; Pasi Kolari; John Loehr; Tatu Hokkanen; Jouni Karhu; Cemal Melih Tanis; Sari Metsämäki; Juha Pekka Tuovinen; Timo Vesala; Ali Nadir Arslan
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Ecosystems’ potential to provide services, e.g. to sequester carbon, is largely driven by the phenological cycle of vegetation. Timing of phenological events is required for understanding and predicting the influence of climate change on ecosystems and to support analyses of ecosystem functioning. Analyses of conventional camera time series mounted near vegetation has been suggested as a means of monitoring phenological events and supporting wider monitoring of phenological cycle of biomes...
Topics: Birch, Budburst, Camera, Monitoring, Phenology, Time lapse
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debjani Sihi; Eric A. Davidson; Min Chen; Kathleen E. Savage; Andrew D. Richardson; Trevor F. Keenan; David Y. Hollinger
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Heterotrophic respiration (Rh), microbial processing of soil organic matter to carbon dioxide (CO2), is a major, yet highly uncertain, carbon (C) flux from terrestrial systems to the atmosphere. Temperature sensitivity of Rh is often represented with a simple Q10 function in ecosystem models and earth system models (ESMs), sometimes accompanied by an empirical soil moisture modifier. More explicit representation of the effects of soil moisture, substrate supply, and their interactions with...
Topics: Climate change, DAMM, FöBAAR, Q10, Soil carbon, Soil respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shweta Srinivasan; Nazar Kholod; Vaibhav Chaturvedi; Probal Pratap Ghosh; Ritu Mathur; Leon Clarke; Meredydd Evans; Mohamad Hejazi; Amit Kanudia; Poonam Nagar Koti; Bo Liu; Kirit S. Parikh; Mohammed Sahil Ali; Kabir Sharma
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This paper provides projections of water withdrawals and consumption for electricity generation in India through 2050. Based on the results from five energy-economic modeling teams, the paper explores the implications of economic growth, power plant cooling policies, and electricity CO2 emissions reductions on water withdrawals and consumption. To understand how different modeling approaches derive different results for energy-water interactions, the five teams used harmonized assumptions...
Topics: Electricity generation, Emissions, India, Water consumption, Water withdrawals
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allyson Williams; Shahbaz Mushtaq; Louis Kouadio; Brendan Power; Torben Marcussen; David McRae; Geoff Cockfield
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Modelling cotton production at the farm-scale provides insight into the importance of water management options in adapting to climate change, especially given the renewed focus of government policies on irrigation water access and allocations. Using an irrigated cotton farm in southern Queensland as a case study, we investigated two possible adaptation strategies in response to changes in water resources from projected climate change (CSIRO Mk3.5, A1FI scenario). The modelled farm produced...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change policy, Cotton, Farming systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Haoran Zhang; Xuan Song; Tianqi Xia; Meng Yuan; Zipei Fan; Ryosuke Shibasaki; Yongtu Liang
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With the pressing demand of climate change mitigation, the rapid technological development and market adoption of battery electric vehicles are imperative. However, the diverse consumption attitudes and their interactions, which are rarely considered, can significantly affect the adoption potential of battery electric vehicles. On the basis of three years of global positioning system data of 1.6 million people, we estimated the travel and adoption demands of battery electric vehicles in Japan...
Topics: Adoption potential, Climate change mitigation, Consumption attitude, Human mobile behavior
A better understanding of aerosol optical, microphysical and radiative properties is a crucial challenge for climate change studies. In the present study, column-integrated aerosol optical and radiative properties observed at a rural site, Mbita (0.42°S, 34.20 °E, and 1125 m above sea level) located in Kenya, East Africa (EA) are investigated using ground-based Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data retrieved during January, 2007 to December, 2015. The annual mean aerosol optical depth...
Topic: SSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Rose Eilenberg; Kristen M. Fedak; Sankar Sambandam; Megan Benka-Coker; Brooke Reynolds; Jennifer Peel; Maggie Clark; Ming Shan; Christian L'Orange; Jeffrey R. Pierce; R. Subramanian
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Cookstoves have wide-reaching impacts on human health, air quality, and the climate. We measured emissions from uncontrolled cooking in 41 households in China, Honduras, Uganda, and India using a portable sampler. Test sites were chosen to cover a range of stove types (traditional and “improved”), fuels (wood, charcoal and coal), and cooking practices. We report test-integrated fuel-based emission factors (EFs) of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) mass, organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon...
Topics: Biomass, Climate change, Cookstoves, Household energy, Particulate matter, Residential emissions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Abrar Faiz; Dong Liu; Qiang Fu; Qiaohong Sun; Mo Li; Faisal Baig; Tianxiao Li; Song Cui
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The assessment of changes in the precipitation over a region is an important task that is significant for climate modeling and for understanding and monitoring natural hazards and hydrological cycle characteristics. However, the accuracies of gridded precipitation data sets should be evaluated and examined in reference to ground information and observations, as these data can be affected by systematic errors. Therefore, the current study was carried out to evaluate the performances of long-term...
Topics: Climate change, Concentration index, Gridded datasets, Precipitation
The Archive Team Acid Planet Eclipse
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Archive Team: 500px - The 500 Easy Pieces
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UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
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UFO Mail No 274 2018
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
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Touchstone No 120 2018 01
Topics: ley, shepton, leys, mysteries, roman, trip, fosse, earth, subconscious, mallet, field trip, earth...
Console Demos
by Resistance
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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=74656 TwistIT by Resistance Type: 64k Release Date: february 2018 Release Party: Demobit Release Compo: oldskool intro Ranked: 1
The Archive Team Just In Time Grabs
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Archive Team: charlierose.com videos grab 04
Archive Team: 500px - The 500 Easy Pieces
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eBooks and Texts
by Fred Sabine (Photographer)
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A collection of on-set photos taken by photographer Fred Sabine of actors Dean Stockwell and Susan Diol, during the production of the television show Quantum Leap. Rescued from an ebay sale by Allison Pregler, and described in a video by her at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U3at8cylnJc Further copies of the scanned negatives will be uploaded to the Internet Archive but also shown at Pregler's Tumblr at: https://qlnegatives.tumblr.com/
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. Frappart; P. Azemar; P. L. Vu; T. Le Toan; B. Lubac; J. Darrozes
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Lakes and reservoirs have been identified as sentinels of climate change. Tonle Sap is the largest lake in both the Mekong Basin and Southeast Asia and because of the importance of its ecosystem, it is has been described as the “heart of the lower Mekong”. Its seasonal cycle depends on the annual flood pulse governed by the flow of the Mekong River. This study provides an impact analysis of recent climatic events from El Niño 1997/1998 to El Niño 2015/2016 on surface storage variations in...
Topics: ENSO, EVI, Mekong Basin, Monsoon, Multi-satellite, PDO, Rainfall, Surface water storage
WARCZone: Outsider WARCs
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ifarchive.jmac.org.warc
Console Demos
by cybroitek
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Full demo information and links at http://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=78646 cybroitek Type: game Release Date: october 2018 Release Party: RetroKomp Release Compo: gamedev Ranked: 9
Console Demos
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Full demo information and links at http://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=76118 Let's Go To The Very Important Party 2018 by Flush Type: invitation Release Date: may 2018 Release Party: Outline Release Compo: wild demo Ranked: 5
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tom Roach; Zoran Kapelan; Ralph Ledbetter
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This paper aims to develop new, resilience type metrics for long-term water resources management under uncertain climate change and population growth. Resilience is defined here as the ability of a water resources management system to ‘bounce back’, i.e. absorb and then recover from a water deficit event, restoring the normal system operation. Ten alternative metrics are proposed and analysed addressing a range of different resilience aspects including duration, magnitude, frequency and...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Performance metrics, Reliability, Resilience, Water resources...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pantana Tor-ngern; Andrew Oishi; Sune Linder; Mikaell Ottosson-Löfvenius
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The forest hydrologic cycle is expected to have important feedback responses to climate change, impacting processes ranging from local water supply and primary productivity to global water and energy cycles. Here, we analyzed water budgets of pine forests worldwide. We first estimated local water balance of forests dominated by two wide-ranging species: Pinus taeda (36 °N) and Pinus sylvestris (64 °N). In these stands, growing season evapotranspiration (ET) was largely insensitive to...
Topics: Canopy transpiration, Evapotranspiration, Growing season, Pinus, Precipitation, Water balance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaoyu Wang; Tao Li; Lizhi Wang; Xiaoguang Yang; Tianyi Zhang; Zhijuan Liu; Erjing Guo; Ziqi Liu; Huihui Qu; Xi Chen; Hongtao Xiang; Yongcai Lai
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Northeast China (NEC) is one of the most important rice production areas in China, accounting for approximately 15% of its total national rice production, and is one of the regions most vulnerable to global climate change. Knowing crops’ potential yields is crucial to understanding comparisons of different cultivars, crops and environments as well as plausible future increases and limits to crop yields. To mitigate the impacts of climate change and enhance food security, investigating yield...
Topics: Agroclimatic zones, Climate change, ORYZA (v3) crop model, Rice, Yield constraints, Yield gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In an effort to address climate change, in 2013 China launched the world's largest government-driven carbon emission reduction programme, the National Low Carbon Industrial Parks Pilot Programme (LCIPPP). This paper analyses this newly developed pilot program. To deepen our understanding of the causes and the impact of industrial park CO 2 emissions, we use the STIRPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology) model and data from 20 pilot industrial parks...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Low carbon industrial park, STIRPAT model
The transformation of natural landscapes into impervious built-up surfaces through urbanization is known to significantly interfere with the ecological integrity of urban landscapes and accelerate climate change and associated impacts. Although urban reforestation is widely recognised as an ideal mitigation practice against these impacts, it often has to compete with other lucrative land uses within an urban area. The often limited urban space provided for reforestation therefore necessitates...
Topics: Elevation, Partial least squares regression, Slope, Topographic wetness index, Urban ecological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charlotte Rachael Hopkins; David Mark Bailey; Tavis Potts
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As international pressure for marine protection has increased, Scotland has increased spatial protection through the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) network. Few MPA networks to date have included specific considerations of climate change in the design, monitoring or management of the network. The Scottish MPA network followed a feature-led approach to identify a series of MPAs across the Scottish marine area and incorporated the diverse views of many different stakeholders. This...
Topics: Climate change, Delphi technique, MPA management, Marine protected area network, Scotland
Transition studies have made constructive efforts to attend more closely to the politics of sustainability transitions, with discourse emerging as an increasingly important means of interrogating these dynamics. Drawing on discourse perspectives, this study deploys the multi-dimensional discursive approach to explore framing struggles surrounding a climate change mitigation experience of international significance (the phase-out of coal-fired power in Ontario), revealing how ideas, interests,...
Topics: Coal phase-out, Discourse, Framing, Multi-dimensional discursive approach, Pathways, Transitions
Transitioning food, energy and water systems for adaptation and mitigation of climate change is a challenge requiring social as well as technological solutions. The best technological solutions will only be effective if combined with behavior changes placing climate change at the forefront of our socio-cultural consciousness. Education is central in creating such a shift. Climate researchers have an important role in aiding the uptake of climate change education in U.S. public schools, where...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy and pedagogy, Science communication, Social behavior...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brooks A. Kaiser; Melina Kourantidou; Linda Fernandez
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Closing of the marine commons increases economic returns and slows depletion of valuable ocean resources. Rights-based management is widely used for fisheries rationalization. Regulators with sound biological and economic information can in theory set overall harvest control rules that protect the fish stocks, and manage for external costs and benefits from harvest. These may include ecosystem damages, overcapitalization in the fishery, and/or equity concerns. Regulatory efforts and related...
Topics: Fisheries economics, Open access fisheries, Property rights regimes, Snow Crab (C. opilio),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yang Dai; Meng Fei Wang; Shou Lin Jiang; Yi Fei Zhang; Megha N. Parajulee; Fa Jun Chen
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Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can markedly affect the growth, development, reproduction and behavior of herbivorous insects, mainly by changing the primary and secondary metabolites of their host plants. However, little is known about the host-selection behavior and the respective intrinsic mechanism of sap-sucking insects in response to elevated CO2. In this experiment, the host-selection behavior, as well as the physiological mechanism based on the analysis of growth,...
Topics: Aphis gossypii, Elevated CO2, Host-selection behavior, Olfactory-related genes, Physiological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benoit Thibodeau; Henning A. Bauch; Jochen Knies
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Understanding the dynamic of freshwater and sea-ice export from the Arctic is crucial to better comprehend the potential near-future climate change consequences. Here, we report nitrogen isotope data of a core from the Laptev Sea to shed light on the impact of the Holocene Siberian transgression on the summer stratification of the Laptev Sea. Our data suggest that the oceanographic setting was less favourable to sea-ice formation in the Laptev Sea during the early to mid-Holocene. It is only...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Filomena Pietrapertosa; Valeriy Khokhlov; Monica Salvia; Carmelina Cosmi
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Building a climate-ready adaptation society is an urgent question that cannot be postponed. Along the path towards an increase in climate resilience, a stimulating role is played by EU projects as well as by international climate networks such as the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation (Mayors Adapt), launched in 2014, and the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy which “pledge to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and to adopt an integrated approach...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, National adaptation action plan, National adaptation strategy, South...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jingyi Huang; Budiman Minasny; Alex B. McBratney; José Padarian; John Triantafilis
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Much research has been conducted to understand the spatial distribution of soil carbon stock and its temporal dynamics. However, an agreement has not been reached on whether increasing global temperature has a positive or negative feedback on soil carbon stocks. By analysing global maps of soil organic carbon (SOC) using a spherical wavelet analysis, it was found that the correlation between SOC and soil temperature at the regional scale was negative between 52° N and 40° S parallels and...
Topics: Carbon pool, Carbon sink, Climate change, Soil forming factor, Soil variability
Fencing and grass plantation are two key interventions to preserve the degraded grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Climate warming and N deposition have substantially affected the alpine grassland ecosystems. However, molecular composition of soil organic carbon (SOC), the indicator of degradation of SOC, and its responses to climate change are still largely unclear. In this study, we conducted the experiments in three types of land use on the QTP: alpine meadow (AM), alpine steppe...
Topics: Climate warming, Land use, Molecular composition, Nitrogen deposition, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, SOC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thadeu Sobral-Souza; Maurício Humberto Vancine; Milton Cezar Ribeiro; Matheus S. Lima-Ribeiro
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The Amazon and Atlantic Forest are considered the world's most biodiverse biomes. Human and climate change impacts are the principal drivers of species loss in both biomes, more severely in the Atlantic Forest. In response to species loss, the main conservation action is the creation of protected areas (PAs). Current knowledge and research on the PA network's conservation efficiency is scarce, and existing studies have mainly considered a past temporal view. In this study, we tested the...
Topics: Niche modeling, Paleoclimate simulation, Tropical forests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Pellegrini; A. E. Agnelli; M. C. Andrenelli; R. Barbetti; G. Lo Papa; S. Priori; E. A.C. Costantini
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This research aimed at testing the use of present and past climosequences to estimate soil organic carbon (SOC) and related physical quality indicators under future climatic conditions. The influence of climate on soil features was studied for four combinations of typical Mediterranean soil types and cropping systems, placed along climosequences of the past (P1: 1961–1990), present (P2: 1981–2010) and future (P3: 2021–2050). The four test areas were located in Italy, each one...
Topics: Climate change, Cropping system, Mediterranean, Soil physics, Soil quality indicators, Soil type
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by C. M. Stephens; F. M. Johnson; L. A. Marshall
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Event-based hydrologic models are frequently used for flood design and assessment. These models generally require the specification of loss values that should relate to antecedent conditions in the catchment. The loss values are key calibration parameters, usually defined by matching model output with recorded or derived streamflow information. It is now widely recognized that climate change will impact the hydrologic cycle and affect catchment conditions. Therefore, loss values calibrated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. R. Desjardins; A. Whiteman; I. Casas; E. Delmelle
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Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) infect over one billion people and are responsible for over one million deaths each year, globally. Chikungunya (CHIK) and Dengue Fever (DENF) are emerging VBDs due to overpopulation, increases in urbanization, climate change, and other factors. Colombia has recently experienced severe outbreaks of CHIK AND DENF. Both viruses are transmitted by the Aedes mosquitoes and are preventable with a variety of surveillance and vector control measures (e.g. insecticides,...
Topics: Clusters, Colombia, GIS, Space-time statistics, Vector-borne diseases
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As one of the main areas of carbon cycle and climate change studies, water and CO2 relations are of great significance for estimation of gross primary production (GPP). Various biogeochemical process-based models have been set up to estimate the GPP based on mathematical representation of biological, physiological and ecological processes. However, they ended up increasing the complexity and computational processing power due to the large number of physical equations that need to be solved....
Topics: BIOME-BGC, Model tree, Neural network, Surrogate model, Vegetation models, k-nearest neighbour
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianqing Wang; Lianqing Li; Shu Kee Lam; Xuhui Zhang; Xiaoyu Liu; Genxing Pan
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Global climate change with elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration and temperature has been known impacting plant photosynthesis and grain yield in agroecosystems. However, how nutrient uptake and utilization by rice change under climate change stresses has been poorly addressed. An open-air field experiment was conducted to investigate the impacts of factorial combinations of CO2 enrichment (up to 500 ppm) and canopy warming (+2 °C) on nutrient concentration (PNC), accumulation (PNA) and...
Topics: Climate change, Elevated air temperature, Free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE), Nutrient dynamic,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danhong Wang; Jonas Landolt; Georgios Mavromatidis; Kristina Orehounig; Jan Carmeliet
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This paper presents the building stock model CESAR (Combined Energy Simulation And Retrofitting), which is based on bottom-up modelling methodology for the development of sustainable energy transformation strategies for the buildings in Swiss districts. CESAR is composed of two sub-models: a Demand Model (DM) and a Retrofitting Model (RM). The DM is tasked with identifying the current energy demand of buildings in districts. It builds on geo-referenced information and available census data, and...
Topics: Dynamic building simulation, Neighbourhood, Retrofitting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bahareh Kaveh; Muhammad Usman Mazhar; Benjamin Simmonite; Marjan Sarshar
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In the UK, housing has been identified as a major sector for contributing to the 80% reduction in carbon emissions over the 1990 baseline by 2050, required by the Climate Change Act 2008. However, pre-1919 housing stock is the least energy efficient and consequently poses challenges to meeting this target. Using a mixed methods approach, the current study demonstrates that, in actuality, there is a significant potential for reducing emissions among this sub-sector of housing, and that the major...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Homeowners, Pre-1919 housing stock, Retrofitting, Viability
Procedural and behavioural biases have received little attention in recent Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) research. Our literature review shows that most research on biases was done 15–30 years ago. This study focuses on biases that are introduced at an early stage of MCDA when building objectives hierarchies and their effect on the weights. The main objective is to investigate whether prior findings regarding such biases, which were mostly based on laboratory experiments, can be...
Topics: Behavioural OR, Decision analysis, Decision processes, Multiple criteria analysis, OR in...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jim Krane; Kenneth B. Medlock
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The United States appears less exposed to geopolitical risks affecting its oil supply than at any time since the relatively stable period preceding the widespread oil sector nationalizations of the 1970s. Energy prosperity in the US contrasts with a more fraught period for traditional energy exporting states where geopolitical challenges have been compounded by fiscal stress and rising domestic energy demand. America's relationship with energy-exporting countries will continue to evolve as the...
Topics: Carter Doctrine, Climate change, Crude oil, Energy security, Geopolitics, OPEC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anteneh G. Dagnachew; Paul L. Lucas; Andries F. Hof; Detlef P. van Vuuren
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Access to electricity services is fundamental to development, as it enables improvements to the quality of human life. At the same time, increasing electricity access can have notable consequences for global climate change. This paper analyses trade-offs and synergies between achieving universal electricity access and climate change mitigation in Sub-Saharan Africa, using the IMAGE-TIMER integrated assessment model. For this purpose, we analysed developments in a number of indicators that...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Electricity access, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yue Qin; Fan Tong; Guang Yang; Denise L. Mauzerall
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Under the Paris Agreement, China committed to peak its carbon dioxide emissions on or before 2030. Substituting natural gas for coal may facilitate it meeting this commitment. However, three major challenges may obstruct progress towards desired climate benefits from natural gas. 1) A fundamental price dilemma dis-incentivizing a coal-to-gas end-use energy transition: low city-gate gas prices discourage an increase in gas supplies while high end-use gas prices impede an increase in gas demand....
Topics: Climate change, Coal, Methane leakage, NDC, Natural gas, Price dilemma
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fanny Frei; Simon R. Sinsel; Ahmed Hanafy; Joern Hoppmann
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Effectively mitigating climate change requires a fundamental and rapid transition in the way electricity is generated and used. The global electricity sector, however, is still dominated by large incumbent utility companies, which have historically been slow to embrace change. Given this seeming contradiction, in this paper we investigate whether and how 25 of the biggest electric utilities worldwide have adapted their business portfolios during the energy transition from 2003 to 2015. We...
Topics: De-carbonization, Decentralization, Electric utilities, Energy transition, Servitization, System...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nicolas Pécastaing; Jorge Dávalos; Andy Inga
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The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol has two main objectives: Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and contributing to sustainable development (SD) in developing countries. The empirical evidence indicates that the first goal has been fulfilled; however, the literature mostly provides ex-ante evidence regarding the second goal. This paper contributes to the literature by assessing the ex-post quantitative effect that CDM projects have had on SD (employment and...
Topics: Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Climate change, Panel econometrics, Poverty, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper analyzes the roles of policies and preferences in national adoption of solar and wind energy technologies. We use cross-sectional and panel regressions for both the European Union and a broader international sample. We find that countries that price carbon emissions have gone on to adopt more solar and wind energy. The aggregate level of policy support, measured in euros per megawatt hour, appears to have been important for solar energy adoption. We also find that solar energy...
Topics: Aggregate policy support, Carbon pricing, Climate change perception, Renewable energy preference,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Robert D. Cairns
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Recently, there has been an expression of concern that vast quantities of oil must remain in the ground because of anticipated action on climate change. A consequent fall in share values of international oil companies may threaten pensions, small investments and even the stability of the financial system. The threat is held to warrant policy intervention to provide more information to small investors. Consideration of the technology of oil extraction and of the options available to oil...
Topics: Climatic change, Natural decline, Options, Stranded asset, Sunk asset
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Darren McCauley; Raphael Heffron
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Just transition is a new framework of analysis that brings together climate, energy and environmental justice scholarships. It was originally coined as a term that was designed to link the promotion of clean technology with the assurance of green jobs. The Paris climate change agreement marks a global acceptance that a more rapid transition is needed to avert disastrous consequences. In response, climate, energy and environmental justice scholarships must unite in assessing where injustices...
Topics: Climate justice, Distributional justice, Energy justice, Environmental justice, Just transitions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kelli M. Archie; Ralph Chapman; Stephen Flood
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This paper investigates climate change adaptation and mitigation planning responses of New Zealand communities, using an online survey of local elected representatives. Climate change is affecting New Zealand through changes in precipitation patterns, increases in temperature, changes to the frequency and duration of droughts, sea level rise, and the increased occurrence of extreme events. These impacts highlight the vulnerability of key economic activities, communities, and infrastructure. As...
Topic: Perceptions of climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanhong Zhu; Hongliang Zhang; Xingang Liu; Hong Liao; Zhenxin Liu; Yuhao Mao; Hao Fang; Jianlin Hu
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Particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere has adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, and visibility. It also plays an important role in meteorology and climate change. A good understanding of its sources is essential for effective emission controls to reduce PM and to protect public health. In this study, a total of 239 PM source apportionment studies in China published during 1987–2017 were reviewed. The documents studied include peer-reviewed papers in international and Chinese...
Topics: China, PM 2.5, receptor models, regional variations
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Whanhee Lee; Michelle L. Bell; Antonio Gasparrini; Ben G. Armstrong; Francesco Sera; Sunghee Hwang; Eric Lavigne; Antonella Zanobetti; Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva; Samuel Osorio; Aurelio Tobias; Ariana Zeka; Patrick G. Goodman; Bertil Forsberg; Joacim Rocklöv
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Although diurnal temperature range (DTR) is a key index of climate change, few studies have reported the health burden of DTR and its temporal changes at a multi-country scale. Therefore, we assessed the attributable risk fraction of DTR on mortality and its temporal variations in a multi-country data set. We collected time-series data covering mortality and weather variables from 308 cities in 10 countries from 1972 to 2013. The temporal change in DTR-related mortality was estimated for each...
Topics: Attributable mortality risk fraction, Climate change, Diurnal temperature range, Time-varying effect
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jonathon Taylor; Paul Wilkinson; Roberto Picetti; Phil Symonds; Clare Heaviside; Helen L. Macintyre; Michael Davies; Anna Mavrogianni
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There is growing recognition of the need to improve protection against the adverse health effects of hot weather in the context of climate change. We quantify the impact of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and selected adaptation measures made to dwellings on temperature exposure and mortality in the West Midlands region of the UK. We used 1) building physics models to assess indoor temperatures, initially in the existing housing stock and then following adaptation measures (energy efficiency...
Topics: Adaptation, Dwellings, Heat, Indoor temperature, Mortality, Urban Heat Island
Irrigation of crops is responsible for 40 percent of the world's food supply. A ubiquitous issue in irrigation is the tendency of upstream users to deplete the stream and deprive downstream users of water. Climate change threatens to exacerbate this problem by threatening the water supply to many irrigation systems, especially those that rely on snowmelt. Using a natural experiment in the Rio Grande Basin of Colorado, I examine five hypotheses about how water rights and physical properties of...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Irrigation, Norms, Prior appropriation, Water rights
The European Union (EU) has recently reformed its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and, in parallel, has completely abolished the production quotas for milk. These changes will have important consequences for the use of land, of inputs (i.e., water and chemicals) and on the economic performance of rural areas. It is of interest to evaluate the integrated impact of these modifications and of climate change (CC), since the latter could neutralize or reverse some desired effects of the former. For...
Topics: Agricultural policy, Bio-economic model, Integrated assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Octavio Aburto-Oropeza; Andrew F. Johnson; Scott Butterfield; Mickey Agha; Edith B. Allen; Michael F. Allen; Jesús Arellano González; Diego M. Arenas Moreno; Rodrigo Beas-Luna; Gabriel Caetano; Jennifer E. Caselle; Gamaliel Castañeda Gaytán; Max C.N. Castorani; Linh Anh Cat; Kyle Cavanaugh; Jeffrey Q. Chambers
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The US and Mexico share a common history in many areas, including language and culture. They face ecological changes due to the increased frequency and severity of droughts and rising energy demands; trends that entail economic costs for both nations and major implications for human wellbeing. We describe an ongoing effort by the Environment Working Group (EWG), created by The University of California's UC-Mexico initiative in 2015, to promote binational research, teaching, and outreach...
Topics: Binational collaborations, Cross-border transformation, Environmental innovation, Northern Mexico,...