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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by N. Van Oostende; E. Curchitser; J. P. Dunne; B. B. Ward
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The measured concentration of chlorophyll a in the surface ocean spans four orders of magnitude, from ∼0.01 mg m−3 in the oligotrophic gyres to >10 mg m−3 in coastal zones. Productive regions encompass only a small fraction of the global ocean area yet they contribute disproportionately to marine resources and biogeochemical processes, such as fish catch and coastal hypoxia. These regions and/or the full observed range of chlorophyll concentration, however, are often poorly represented...
Topics: California Current, Chlorophyll, Coastal hypoxia, Coastal upwelling, Diatom, Phytoplankton...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juan M. Barragán; Óscar Lazo
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The aim of this paper is to update and synthesise the current body of knowledge on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in Peru. Proper management of marine and coastal areas and their ecosystems is of the upmost importance in this country. Almost 60% of the population and a substantial segment of the economy are concentrated on coastal territory, which barely accounts for 13% of the surface area of the country. In addition, this is the natural region with less water resources but has...
Topics: Institutional cooperation, Integrated coastal zone management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Imam Buchori; Angrenggani Pramitasari; Agung Sugiri; Maryono Maryono; Yudi Basuki; Anang Wahyu Sejati
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As a global issue, climate change has been significantly influencing coastal areas and causing changes in marine and terrestrial environments. The increase in sea-level rise (SLR), for example, has worsened the quality of life of coastal communities, and this risk increases especially in coastal cities of the developing world. This paper aims to comprehend the variety of self-mitigations and the patterns of local migrations of communities in the northern part of Semarang City, Indonesia. The...
Topics: Community adaptation, Flooding, GIS, Inundation, Migration, Mitigation, Rob
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Central Asia comprises a vast area of arid terrain which has an important impact on the global climate system. Although still debated, the pattern of climatic variations in central Asia is regionally distinctive and does not appear to be strongly related to changes in insolation. To understand the climatic evolution of central Asia, as well as its forcing mechanisms, it is necessary to characterize variations in the Westerlies, which have had a major influence on climate change in the region....
Topics: Holocene, Last deglacial, MAR, Precipitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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States can play a key role in adaptation to climate change. Given the transboundary nature of the Baltic Sea, its coastal states have much to gain from cooperation to tackle eutrophication and flood risks. Since eight out of nine coastal states are EU Member States, the EU is expected to steer their efforts. Indeed, EU legislation and the EU adaptation strategy, including one specifically for the Baltic Sea Region are in place to activate state actors. They cover crucial aspects for the...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Izhar Kairi; Mohd Khairul Nizam Mohd Zuhan; Mehrnoush Khavarian; Brigitte Vigolo; Suriani Abu Bakar; Abdul Rahman Mohamed
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In this study, we report a novel and efficient way to produce large-area graphene and syngas simultaneously from CH 4 and CO 2 via CVD. The successful synthesis of syngas was confirmed by online gas chromatography characterization whereas the graphene produced within the same process was verified using Raman spectroscopy, Raman mapping and HRTEM. This work helps to better understand graphene growth from CH 4 and CO 2 and improve the CVD method by providing a novel pathway for the synthesis of...
Topics: Biogas, Carbon dioxide, Carbon materials, Chemical vapor deposition, Graphene, Syngas
This article is concerned with the interaction of international, regional and national policy on climate change and sustainability, and the implications of these policy dimensions for planning. With the scientific consensus pointing to unequivocal human influence on the ecosystem, the issue of how best to manage climate change and ecological sustainability is arguably now a matter for economic, political, policy and planning domains. However, despite the warnings of scientists that ‘business...
Topics: Climate change, Crisis, Economy, Planning, Policy, Techno-finance fix
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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CO2 capture and storage technologies have been recognized as the primary option to mitigate the issue of climate change caused by the utilization of fossil fuels. In the last decades, several CO2 capture approaches have been developed, such as absorption, adsorption, membrane, cryogenic, hydrate and chemical looping combustion etc. However, the energy penalty is a general challenge for each technology. To overcome the disadvantages of standalone technology, the combination of two or more...
Topics: Absorption, Adsorption, CCS, Cryogenic, Hybrid CO2 capture, Membrane
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Rodríguez-Algeciras; Abel Tablada; Mabel Chaos-Yeras; Guillermo De la Paz; Andreas Matzarakis
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The combined effect of climate change and Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is leading to a rise in air temperature in urban areas, including those with heritage value. Urban morphology and its effect on sun shading conditions in tropical cities is crucial to reduce UHI and improve outdoor thermal comfort. This paper presents a temporal-spatial analysis of the effect of courtyards geometry on their outdoor thermal conditions in a warm-humid climate. The assessment is based on numerical simulations...
Topics: Courtyard geometry, Mean radiant temperature, Solar radiation, Thermal comfort, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Celeste Dias; Sandra Correia; João Serôdio; Artur Manuel Soares Silva; Helena Freitas; Conceição Santos
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Climate change is increasing the frequency of heat waves accompanied by drought episodes. These challenges are increasing in the Mediterranean basin, where Olea europaea L. has an important ecological and economic role. Olive breeding programs have been focused on highly productive cultivars, while ancient cultivars may present higher tolerance to drought and heat resilience. Therefore, it is important to select traditional cultivars that may give reliable performances under the emerging...
Topics: Olea europaea, Photosynthesis, Total antioxidant capacity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. G. Koutroulis; L. V. Papadimitriou; M. G. Grillakis; I. K. Tsanis; K. Wyser; R. A. Betts
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As freshwater availability is crucial for securing a sustainable, lower‑carbon future, there is a critical connection between water management and climate policies. Under a rapidly changing climate, it is more important than ever to estimate the degree of future water security. This is a challenging task as it depends on many different variables: the degree of warming and its consequent effects on hydrological resources, the water demand by different sectors, and the possible ameliorations or...
Topics: Adaptation, Droughts, Europe, Vulnerability, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Haiyan Zhang; Jiangwen Fan; Wei Cao; Warwick Harris; Wenfeng Chi; Suizi Wang
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Soil erosion caused by wind is a serious environmental problem that results in land degradation and threatens sustainable development. Accurately evaluating wind erosion dynamics is important for reducing the hazard of wind erosion. Separating the climatic and anthropogenic causes of wind erosion can improve the understanding of its driving mechanisms. Based on meteorological, remote sensing and field observation data, we applied the Revised Wind Erosion Equation (RWEQ) to simulate wind erosion...
Topics: Human activity, Inner Mongolia, RWEQ, Wind erosion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qi Zhao; Yi Zhao; Shanshan Li; Yajuan Zhang; Qingan Wang; Huiling Zhang; Hui Qiao; Wuping Li; Rachel Huxley; Gail Williams; Yuhong Zhang; Yuming Guo
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Background The association between temperature and cardio-respiratory disease in urban areas has been widely reported but there is limited information from populations living in rural areas that may be disproportionately affected by climate change. Objectives To quantify the associations between daily temperature and clinical visits due to cardiovascular and/or respiratory disease in rural villages in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China over 2012–2015. Methods Daily data on clinical...
Topics: Ambient temperature, Cardio-respiratory diseases, Distributed lag non-linear model, Rural China
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Natalie Suckall; Emma L. Tompkins; Andrew Allan; Robert J. Nicholls; Abiy S. Kebede; Attila N. Lázár; Craig Hutton; Katharine Vincent; Alex Chapman; Rezaur Rahman; Tuhin Ghosh; Adelina Mensah
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Deltas are precarious environments experiencing significant biophysical, and socio-economic changes with the ebb and flow of seasons (including with floods and drought), with infrastructural developments (such as dikes and polders), with the movement of people, and as a result of climate and environmental variability and change. Decisions are being taken about the future of deltas and about the provision of adaptation investment to enable people and the environment to respond to the changing...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Deltas, Framework, Policy, Transformation
Conducting controlled burns in fire prone areas is an efficient and economic method for forest management, and provides relief from the incidence of high severity wild fires and the consequent damage to human property and ecosystems. However, similar to wild fires, controlled burns also affect many of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the forest soil and may facilitate remobilization of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) sequestered in vegetation and soil organic matter. The...
Topics: Arsenic and metals, Environmental pollution, Forest fire, Historical mining, Prescribed fire, Soil...
Agriculture is one of the environmental/economic sectors that may adversely be affected by climate change, especially, in already nowadays water-scarce regions, like the Middle East. One way to cope with future changes in absolute as well as seasonal (irrigation) water amounts can be the adaptation of the agricultural crop pattern in a region, i.e. by planting crops which still provide high yields and so economic benefits to farmers under such varying climate conditions. To do this properly,...
Topics: Optimization, SWAT-LINGO-MODSIM-PSO"
Replacing dark conventional roofs with more reflective “cool” roofs has been proposed as a method to lower urban air temperatures. Many meteorological studies have simulated potential cool roof air temperature reductions. However, economic and logistical challenges make it difficult to perform the large-scale demonstrations needed to verify these model results. This work assesses whether a neighborhood-scale cool roof demonstration could yield an observable air temperature change. We use...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Cool roofs, Urban heat island, Urban meteorology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patrick O. Sorensen; Adrien C. Finzi; Marc André Giasson; Andrew B. Reinmann; Rebecca Sanders-DeMott; Pamela H. Templer
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Air temperatures are rising and the winter snowpack is getting thinner in many high-latitude and high-elevation ecosystems around the globe. Past studies show that soil warming accelerates microbial metabolism and stimulates soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling. Conversely, winter snow removal to simulate loss of snow cover leads to increased soil freezing and reductions in soil microbial biomass, exoenzyme activity, and N cycling. The Climate Change Across Seasons Experiment (CCASE),...
Topics: Exoenzymes, Hubbard brook experimental forest, Microbial biomass, Soil freeze-thaw cycle, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohammad Tayarani; Amir Poorfakhraei; Razieh Nadafianshahamabadi; Gregory Rowangould
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The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates that greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) must be cut 40–70% by 2050 to prevent a greater than 2 °Celsius increase in the global mean temperature; a threshold that may avoid the most severe climate change impacts. Transportation accounts for about one third of GHG emissions in the United States; reducing these emissions should therefore be an important part of any strategy aimed at meeting the IPCC targets. Prior studies find that...
Topics: Active transportation, GHG Emissions, Land-use planning, Smart growth, Transportation planning, VMT...
Transportation considers the highly volatile sector that deteriorates the environment with carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Such emissions are not only responsible for climate change, but also escalate the natural resource rents that are mediated with national scale economic indicators to diffuse the sustainability agenda across the globe. This study mainly focused on air-railways transportation, energy demand, bilateral aid flows, population density and environmental...
Topics: Bilateral aid flows, Energy demand, Environmental degradation, Next-11 countries, Population density
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The establishment of monsoon climate and the consequent aridification has been one of the most important climate change episodes in the Indian subcontinent. However, little is known about how these events might have shaped the diversification patterns among the widely distributed taxa. Fan-throated lizards (FTL) (Genus: Sitana, Sarada) are widespread, diurnal and restricted to the semi-arid zones of the Indian subcontinent. We sampled FTL in 107 localities across its range. We used molecular...
Topics: Aridification, Biogeography, Diversification, Evolution, Fan-throated lizards, Species delimitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Meixian Liu; Xianli Xu; Alexander Y. Sun; Wei Luo; Kelin Wang
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Karst landscape, covers more than 10% of the global land surface and plays an important role in supporting ecosystems and human society, may be strongly influenced by climate change. Vegetation available water (VAW) is a key variable impacting the sensitivity of ecosystems to a changing environment. However, VAW in karst region is difficult to determine and remains uncertain. This study improved a dynamic Budyko-type water balance model, by introducing a nonlinear equation linking climate,...
Topics: Budyko framework, Ecohydrology, Hydrological modeling, Water balance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In many temperate parts of the world, supplemental irrigation is crucial to assure both crop yield and quality. Climate change could increase the risks of irrigation being restricted by increasing crop water requirements and/or decreasing water availability. In England, water abstraction for irrigation is limited by maximum annual volumetric limits, as specified in the abstraction licences, and surface water abstraction restrictions imposed by the regulator during drought. This paper assesses...
Topics: Adaptation, Drought, England, Irrigated agriculture, Resilience, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Garba Aliyu; Alberto Sanz-Cobena; Christoph Müller; Mohammad Zaman; Jiafa Luo; Deyan Liu; Junji Yuan; Zengming Chen; Yuhui Niu; Weixin Ding; Aisha Arowolo
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Nitrous oxide (N2O) is one of the most important and persistent greenhouse gases, however, there is a lack of accurate data on soil background N2O emissions (BNE) from agricultural land. Calculations of N2O emission factors from land uses are currently based on a single, universal BNE value advocated by the International Panel on Climate Change, but BNE are thought to vary with climate and soil types. We ran a meta-analysis of 58 peer-reviewed, published data source on soil BNE from cropland...
Topic: Soil properties
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Siyang Cheng; Lingxi Zhou; Pieter P. Tans; Xingqin An; Yunsong Liu
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As CO 2 is a primary driving factor of climate change, the mole fraction and source–sink characteristics of atmospheric CO 2 over China are constantly inferred from multi-source and multi-site data. In this paper, we compared ground-based CO 2 measurements with satellite retrievals and investigated the source–sink regional representativeness at China's four WMO/GAW stations. The results indicate that, firstly, atmospheric CO 2 mole fractions from ground-based sampling measurement and...
Topics: Atmospheric CO 2, Atmospheric background station, Flask sampling observation, GOSAT, Source–sink...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patrick V. Mangili; Yuri P.D.M. Souza; Diego Q.F. de Menezes; Lizandro S. Santos; Diego M. Prata
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The evaluation of environmental parameters of industrial processes plays a fundamental role in reducing not only their ecological impacts but also the costs associated with plant operations. In this regard, this work aims to evaluate, through eco-indicators and with the aid of computational simulation, the energy consumption, the CO2 emissions and the water consumption of three different acetone-methanol separation plants, namely, Pressure Swing Distillation, Conventional Extractive...
Topics: Acetone, Eco-efficiency, Eco-indicators, Methanol, Process simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. D. Valdez; G. J. Sibona; C. A. Condat
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Aedes aegypti is the main vector of multiple diseases, such as dengue, Zika, and chikungunya. Due to modifications in weather patterns, its geographical range is continuously evolving. Temperature is a key factor for its expansion into regions with cool winters, but rainfall can also have a strong impact on the colonization of these regions, since larvae emerging after a rainfall are likely to die at temperatures below 10 °C. As climate change is expected to affect rainfall regimes, with a...
Topics: Aedes, Mathematical modeling, Mosquito abundance, Taiwan
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To prevent soil erosion and improve ecological environment over the Loess Plateau, the Chinese Government implemented a large scale ecological restoration (ER) in the past decades. ER activities have successfully reduced soil erosion and expanded vegetation, and also changed the water-energy balance, which would alter the hydrological dryness conditions. Knowledge of the impacts of land surface changes on hydrological dryness is essential for ER-related policy making and management. However, so...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Ecohydorology, Ecological restoration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Csilla Stenger-Kovács; Kitti Körmendi; Edina Lengyel; András Abonyi; Beáta Szabó; Krisztina Buczkó; Judit Padisák
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Shallow, saline inland lakes occur over large areas in Central-Europe and they bear exceptionally high biological conservation values. Climate change and anthropogenic activities threaten their natural conditions, or even their existence. These aquatic ecosystems are exposed to multiple stress like naturally high conductivity, pH and nutrient load with very low transparency for light. As they are subjects of criteria set by the EC Water Framework Directive and biological conservation managment,...
Topics: Carpathian basin, Functional approaches, Index, Morphological traits, Soda pans, Water Framework...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Lagarde; L. Doyen; A. Ahad-Cissé; N. Caill-Milly; S. Gourguet; O. Le Pape; C. Macher; G. Morandeau; O. Thébaud
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This paper examines the impact of climate change on the bio-economic performance of Bay of Biscay mixed fisheries and explores the capacity of alternative management strategies to cope with these impacts. A dynamic multi-species, multi-class, multi-fleet model is developed and calibrated using available biological, economic and environmental information for French fleets. Fishing and economic data have been collected within the European Data Collection Framework. Climate represented by the sea...
Topics: Global warming, Scenarios, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Bioeconomy as a political-economic concept proposes the replacement of fossil resources by bio-based resources in order to address climate change mitigation and counteract resource depletion. The aim of this paper is to figure out how competitiveness across primary sectors, i.e. sector A, bio-based agriculture, forestry and fishing, and sector B, non-bio-based mining and quarrying, is distributed across geographical regions and how it changes over time. A constant market share analysis based...
Topics: Bioeconomy, Competitiveness, Constant market share analysis (CMS), Primary sector, Raw material
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenxi Hu; Zhongwei Tian; Dong Jiang; Shilu Gu; Hua Guo; Yonghui Fan; Muhammad Abid; Kai Chen; Weixing Cao; Tingbo Dai
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Elucidating the effects of asymmetric warming during winter and spring will help develop a feasible crop management strategy for climate change. Field experiments were conducted using the Yangmai-13 (vernal type) and Yannong-19 (semi-winter type) winter wheat cultivars to investigate the effects of night-warming during winter (warming by 1.47–1.53 °C from tillering to jointing), spring (warming by 1.68–1.77 °C from jointing to booting), and winter + spring (warming by 1.53–1.60 °C from...
Topics: Apparent nitrogen surplus, Night-warming, Nitrogen utilization efficiency, Root growth, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael J. Osland; Laura C. Feher; Jorge López-Portillo; Richard H. Day; Daniel O. Suman; José Manuel Guzmán Menéndez; Victor H. Rivera-Monroy
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Mangrove forests are highly-productive intertidal wetlands that support many ecosystem goods and services. In addition to providing fish and wildlife habitat, mangrove forests improve water quality, provide seafood, reduce coastal erosion, supply forest products, support coastal food webs, minimize flooding impacts, and support high rates of carbon sequestration. Despite their tremendous societal value, mangrove forests are threatened by many aspects of global change. Here, we examine the...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal wetland, Global change, Gulf of Mexico, Mangrove forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xuemei Jiang; Dabo Guan; Luis Antonio López
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In this paper we simulated the global direct CO 2 emission cost of geographic shift of international sourcing for the period 1995–2011 by comparing the scenarios with and without geographic shift. Our simulations indicate that in 2011, had the share of trade by the sourcing economy remained at the level of 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2008 whereas the global final demand remained the same, global CO 2 emissions in production processes would have been 2.8 Gt, 2.0 Gt, 1.3 Gt, and 540 Mt.,...
Topics: Geographic shift, Global CO 2 emissions, International sourcing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Arne Henningsen; Geraldine Henningsen; Edwin van der Werf
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The ease with which firms can substitute away from energy to other inputs is an important determining factor in the costs of climate change mitigation policies. Climate policy simulation models usually represent this substitutability by using the Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) function with parameter values often taken from econometric studies. Hence, the accuracy of the estimated substitution parameters has a strong influence on the validity of the climate policy simulation. In this...
Topics: CES, Climate policy, Elasticity of substitution, Energy, Replication study
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper studies a supply chain configuration (SCC) problem for a green product family in consideration of guaranteed service time and emission constraints. Several alternative options can be employed to implement the functions of each stage and safety inventory is adopted to satisfy stochastic demands. An SCC model is formulated to optimize the service time and option selection decisions to minimize the overall cost of the supply chain. The structural properties of the model are addressed...
Topics: Emission constraint, OR in environment and climate change, Supply chain configuration, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Markus Dier; Jan Sickora; Martin Erbs; Hans Joachim Weigel; Christian Zörb; Remy Manderscheid
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Uncertainty still exists about the extent and mechanisms of yield stimulation by elevated atmospheric CO2 (e[CO2]) in wheat. Particularly, data of the e[CO2] effect under severe N deficiency from field experiments are scarce. To investigate the interaction of e[CO2] and N fertilization on important variables that determine grain yield and are often used in crop simulation models, e.g. radiation absorption by the canopy (AR), radiation use efficiency (RUE) and specific leaf N weight (SLNW), a...
Topics: Climate change, Free air CO2 enrichment, Grain yield, Leaf nitrogen, Nitrogen deficiency, Radiation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miriam Martínez-García; Aida Valls; Antonio Moreno; Arantza Aldea
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Multi-Criteria Decision Aid methods are used to find the best option from a set of alternatives when multiple and conflicting criteria have to be optimized simultaneously. The evaluation of the suitability or risk of each alternative is usually performed by assigning a numerical value. However, sometimes the data required to measure a criterion may be found in the form of semantic values such as tags. This paper proposes a methodology to calculate the strength of an outranking relation for a...
Topics: Decision support systems, ELECTRE, Electricity generation plants, Ontology, Semantic data
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qiqi Tan; Jiazhu Li; Zixun Chen; Guoan Wang; Yufu Jia; Hongyan Yao; Wenxuan Han
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How terrestrial ecosystem responds to global warming has received wide attention. Plant stoichiometry has the potential to reflect ecosystem responses to climate change, thus, investigating the variations in plant stoichiometry with temperature is important and necessary for revealing the responses of terrestrial ecosystem to global warming. Although many studies had explored the relationships between plant N, P stoichiometry and temperature, previous field investigations did not eliminate the...
Topics: Decoupling of N and P cycles, Global warming, Leaf N, P stoichiometry, Temperature gradient
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by K. B. Hebbar; Helan M. Rose; Anusree R. Nair; S. Kannan; V. Niral; M. Arivalagan; Alka Gupta; K. Samsudeen; K. P. Chandran; P. Chowdappa; P. V. Vara Prasad
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Temperature is a primary factor affecting the rate of plant development. Warmer temperatures expected with climate change and the potential for more extreme temperature events will impact plant productivity. Pollination is one of the most sensitive phenological stages to temperature extremes and in this study an in vitro pollen germination technique is used to screen coconut genotypes tolerant to high temperature. The pollen of twelve coconut genotypes comprising five talls (CCNT, FMST, LCT,...
Topics: Cardinal temperature, Climate change, Coconut, Pollen germination, Pollen viability
Recently, a discussion about the ambiguity of the nexus between social inequality and anthropogenic CO2emissions has emerged. Macroeconomic panel studies applying region and time fixed effects (FE) regression models and measuring inequality by the Gini coefficient discovered a flat relationship. Only two of these studies substituting Gini by the more appropriate share held by the top 10 percent of the income or wealth distribution find a positive effect. This paper revisits this nexus and...
Topic: Wealth inequality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Renisson Neponuceno de Araújo Filho; Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos Freire; Bradford Paul Wilcox; Jason Brossard West; Fernando José Freire; Flávio Adriano Marques
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Caatinga forests occupy an area of around one million km2 in the semiarid region of northeast Brazil. These landscapes are undergoing rapid change because of accelerated deforestation for cultivation and firewood. The capacity of Caatinga forests to regenerate after clearing determines the magnitude of the carbon (C) sink in the soil, and thus is fundamental information for developing management policies for long-term sustainability. The objective of this study was to investigate C stocks and...
Topics: Degradation, Organic matter, Semiarid forests, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Javad Seyedmohammadi; Fereydoon Sarmadian; Ali Asghar Jafarzadeh; Mohammad Ali Ghorbani; Farzin Shahbazi
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Cultivation priority planning is a very important and vital step in suitable and sustainable revenue of agricultural land. The growth of urban areas and industrial intensification has contributed to a reduction in valuable agricultural lands and to various environmental impacts including climate change. This reduction in agricultural land severely impacts food production and food security. In order to effectively address this issue, spatial analytical and optimization methods based on...
Topics: Cultivation priority, Fuzzy AHP, Fuzzy TOPSIS, SAW, TOPSIS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The faulty notion that population size is a fundamental driver of scarcity undergirds discourses of demographic trends as both threats and burdens. This claim of population-induced scarcity builds on well-worn “overpopulation” narratives which are often simplistic and repetitive: the finite planet and its natural resources cannot support the overly large and growing global population. In this article, we analyze three interrelated discourses that portray contemporary demographic trends as...
Topics: Degradation narrative, Demographic dividend, Malthus, Population ageing, Youth bulge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper traces the relations and frictions that make up the institutional assemblage for the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) program in Papua New Guinea (PNG). By engaging with REDD+ using assemblage-thinking – a theoretical orientation and method that focuses on relationality, heterogeneity and emergence – this paper interrogates the dominance of scalar discourses around climate change and environmental governance. While scalar discourses predefine...
Topics: Assemblage, Papua New Guinea, REDD+, Scale
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juliette Kon Kam King; Céline Granjou; Juliette Fournil; Lauric Cecillon
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The Paris Agreement reached at the COP 21 signals the new centrality of carbon sinks, including soils, as a key means of enabling a net zero carbon global balance through the development of ‘negative emission technologies’. This article focuses on the 4 per 1000 Initiative, which the French government launched to foster soil carbon sequestration with an international scope. We present and discuss the multidisciplinary design of our research, the methodological tensions that it entailed and...
Topics: Climate change, Multidisciplinarity, Negative emission technology, Soil carbon sequestration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bulbul Jan; Muhammad Ayub Khan Yousuf Zai; Faisal Khan Afradi; Zohaib Aziz
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This study investigates the nonlinear dynamics of the stratospheric ozone layer at Pakistan atmospheric region. Ozone considered now the most important issue in the world because of its diverse effects on earth biosphere, including human health, ecosystem, marine life, agriculture yield and climate change. Therefore, this paper deals with total monthly time series data of stratospheric ozone over the Pakistan atmospheric region from 1970 to 2013. Two approaches, basic statistical analysis and...
Topics: Detrended fluctuation analysis, Fractal dimension, Hurst exponent, Nonlinear dynamic, Rescaled...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diana Ivanova; Gibran Vita; Richard Wood; Carine Lausselet; Adina Dumitru; Karen Krause; Irina Macsinga; Edgar G. Hertwich
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As climate policy needs to address all feasible ways to reduce carbon emissions, there is an increasing focus on demand-side solutions. Studies of household carbon footprints have allocated emissions during production to the consumption of the produced goods, and provided an understanding of what products and consumer actions cause significant emissions. Social scientists have investigated how attitudes, social norms, and structural factors shape salient behavior. Yet, there is often a...
Topics: Carbon intensity, Climate change mitigation, Consumer behavior, Determinants, Lock-In, Policy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shalini Dhyani; Shruti Lahoti; Shubhankar Khare; Paras Pujari; Parikshit Verma
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Nagpur city is among the fastest growing agglomerations of Central India. The city is considered to be a fore-runner in sustainable development amist the rapid urbanization occurring in India. Though, selected under the “smart city” project launched by the Indian government, the city faces many urban challenges ineffectively addressed by the current development plan. Haphazard and rapid infrastructural development without any comprehensive plan is leading to urban sprawl that compromises...
Topics: Disaster Risk Reduction, Ecosystem based approaches, Ecosystem services, Nagpur, Smart City,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We studied intraspecific trait variability (ITV) in functional leaf traits of Prosopis pallida trees located in eight populations along a climatic gradient on the Peruvian coast. The objectives were (1) to determine the relative importance of ITV at different ecological scales; (2) to understand how functional leaf traits relate to each other, and (3) to know the main climatic factors related to ITV in P. pallida. We used the restricted maximum likelihood method to decompose the variance across...
Topics: Algarrobo, Intraspecific variability, Leaf mass per area, Mean annual temperature, Net...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhaoli Wang; Jun Li; Chengguang Lai; Raymond Yu Wang; Xiaohong Chen; Yanqing Lian
texts

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Drought is considered an environmental disaster with a direct and devastating impact on agriculture. However, little research focuses on climate change related drought variations across the global grain production area (GGPA). Thus, the variation of crop yield across different grain production regions that experience severe drought remains inadequately studied. We analyzed drought variations across the GGPA to study the impacts of severe droughts on the yields of four major crops (maize, rice,...
Topics: Crop yield, Food security, Global grain production area, SPEI
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing crop productivity for food security is a challenging task without compromising the environmental integrity. In this scenario, seaweed based plant biostimulants are one of the potential sources for sustainably improving crop productivity and mitigating climate change. However, in order to quantitatively express the environmental benefits it becomes imperative to estimate the impacts resulting from their production. Thus the present study was undertaken to determine the various impacts...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Climate change, Gracilaria, Plastics, Seaweed extract
Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are modifying climate patterns on a global scale. Behavior changes at the household level can help limit the magnitude of carbon emissions and associated climate change. The objective of this study is to determine which individual actions have the largest potential for reducing household greenhouse gas emissions. Past behavior change research has focused on the reduction potential of direct emissions in one or two household domains at a time, often...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Climate change, High-impact behavior, Mitigation, Pro-environmental behavior
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mehzabeen Mannan; Tareq Al-Ansari; Hamish R. Mackey; Sami G. Al-Ghamdi
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Energy, water and food resource scarcity caused by rapid population growth, climate change, imbalanced ecosystems, and economic diversification, is the biggest challenge for today's world. In recent decades, the importance of the interdependent relationship between these resources has been recognized as the energy-water-food nexus. Sustainable resource consumption and the capability to ascertain true resource consumption is crucial for modern day development. As such, wide-spread adoption of...
Topics: "Energy, Water and food (EWF) nexus, Life-cycle assessment (LCA), Nexus quantification"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nasibeh Hajilary; Aref Shahi; Mashallah Rezakazemi
texts

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Nowadays, global CO2 emissions play a focal role in the human sustainable development and environmental concern. This paper investigates the relationships among CO2 emissions and the efficient factors including energy consumption, oil product, gross domestic product (GDP), non-oil GDP, foreign direct investment (FDI), gas consumption, citizen rate, cost of energy, number of vehicles, and mean incoming urban and rural in Iran over the period of 1976–2016. A factorial design was applied to...
Topics: Energy, FDI, GDP, Latent variable method
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tayane de Lima Santos; Ana Bárbara Araújo Nunes; Vanderlise Giongo; Viviane da Silva Barros; Maria Cléa Brito de Figueirêdo
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Cleaner fruit production has become important for producers worldwide because consumers and retail companies increasingly base their purchase decisions on environmental criteria. Green manure is a soil management practice that promotes soil nutrient enrichment and may improve crop yield. Nonetheless, the environmental impacts and economic analysis of combined green manure and tropical fruit production have not been performed. This work assesses the environmental impacts and profits resulting...
Topics: Crop rotation, Cucumis melo, Economic evaluation, Environmental impact assessment, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
texts

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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Liping Ye; Jinglan Hong; Xiaotian Ma; Congcong Qi; Donglu Yang
texts

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Ceramic tiles are important building materials, but their production consumes large amounts of energy and raw materials and causes serious pollution. In this study, a cost combined life cycle assessment is conducted to quantify the environmental and economic impacts of ceramic tile production from cradle to gate and identify the key substances and processes to eliminate production issues. Results show that marine ecotoxicity, climate change, terrestrial ecotoxicity, human toxicity, and fossil...
Topics: Ceramic tile, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle costing, Life cycle inventory, Process-based...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Araceli Ortega Díaz; Erika Casamadrid Gutiérrez
texts

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This paper analyzes the actors in the climate change arena and their influence in directing Mexico toward policies that decrease greenhouse gas emissions, such as the carbon tax and climate change law. The network analysis of the agreement of these laws and public policies in Mexico is a lesson for any country that is in the process of designing and adopting environmental laws. The research is performed using a network analysis that is derived from interviews with various main actors and a...
Topics: Carbon tax, Energy reform, Environmental economics, Government policy, Network analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anaëlle J. Lemasson; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Stephen Fletcher; Samuel Provstgaard-Morys; Antony M. Knights
texts

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Globally, non-native species (NNS) have been introduced and now often entirely replace native species in captive aquaculture; in part, a result of a perceived greater resilience of NSS to climate change and disease. Here, the effects of ocean acidification and warming on metabolic rate, feeding rate, and somatic growth was assessed using two co-occurring species of oysters – the introduced Pacific oyster Magallana gigas (formerly Crassostrea gigas), and native flat oyster Ostrea edulis....
Topics: Climate change, Crassostrea gigas, Ecosystem change, Living resources, Oyster, Physiology, UK
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Sofia Buza Gontijo; Camila Santos Garcia; Alexandre Ferreira Righi; Conrado A.B. Galdino
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Rising temperatures accompanying global climate change are expected to affect mountain lizards. Therefore, basic information on how these ectotherms deal with their thermal environment is important for further management. We conducted a field study to evaluate how body temperature of the small-sized mountain lizard Eurolophosaurus nanuzae relates to the thermal environment. After capture, the body temperature of the lizards was measured immediately, quickly followed by the substrate and air...
Topics: Ectothermy, Eurolophosaurus nanuzae, Thermal biology, Thermal ecology, Tropiduridade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yawen Yu; Xuefei Mei; Zhijun Dai; Jinjuan Gao; Jingbao Li; Jie Wang; Yaying Lou
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Under the impact of intensive anthropogenic activities and in the context of global climate change, the hydromorphological processes of most lakes around the world have changed dramatically. Here, based on hydrologic and topographic data, we analyzed secular variations in hydromorphological characteristics and their influencing factors at Dongting Lake, the second-largest freshwater lake in China. The entire time series (1951–2014) was divided into four subperiods based on the anthropogenic...
Topics: Anthropogenic activities, Changjiang (Yangtze) River, Dongting Lake, Hydromorphological processes,...
The Ouya Library
by FarSight Studios
movies

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Purchase the best classic pinball tables now for your OUYA! Winner of the Best Mobile Game of 2012 by X-Play! To celebrate the one year anniversary of the Pinball Arcade we are now offering Tales Of The Arabian Nights™ for free! Pinball Arcade features exact recreations of the all-time greatest pinball tables from Williams®, Bally®, Stern Pinball®, and Gottlieb® together in one game. Every flipper, bumper, sound effect, and display pixel has been painstakingly emulated in astonishing...
Archive Team: You're the Archive Now, Dog
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Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
data

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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: The Twitter Stream Grab
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A simple collection of JSON grabbed from the general twitter stream, for the purposes of research, history, testing and memory. This is the "Spritzer" version, the most light and shallow of Twitter grabs. Unfortunately, we do not currently have access to the Sprinkler or Garden Hose versions of the stream.
Archive Team: 500px - The 500 Easy Pieces
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ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
web

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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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eye 165,932

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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.
ArchiveBot: The Archive Team Crowdsourced Crawler
by Archive Team
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ArchiveBot is an Archive Team service to quickly grab smaller at-risk or critical sites to bring copies into the Internet Archive Wayback machine.