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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tayane de Lima Santos; Ana Bárbara Araújo Nunes; Vanderlise Giongo; Viviane da Silva Barros; Maria Cléa Brito de Figueirêdo
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Cleaner fruit production has become important for producers worldwide because consumers and retail companies increasingly base their purchase decisions on environmental criteria. Green manure is a soil management practice that promotes soil nutrient enrichment and may improve crop yield. Nonetheless, the environmental impacts and economic analysis of combined green manure and tropical fruit production have not been performed. This work assesses the environmental impacts and profits resulting...
Topics: Crop rotation, Cucumis melo, Economic evaluation, Environmental impact assessment, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thuc D. Phan; James C.R. Smart; Oz Sahin; Samantha J. Capon; Wade L. Hadwen
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Water resources management faces many challenges in coastal areas of developing countries, where climate change coupled with high rates of population growth and urbanization have the potential to cause severe water scarcity. Of particular concern, are sea level rise and altered precipitation regimes that will influence spatial and temporal patterns of river discharge, water levels and saltwater penetration in estuaries. A sound understanding of factors affecting the vulnerability of coastal...
Topics: Decision support tool, Population growth, Salinity, Scenario analysis, Sea level rise, Upstream...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Organic farming practices, focused on agro-ecological health, have long been centered on the idea that such approaches reduce resource intensity, improve soil health, reduce environmental burdens, and improve crop quality. These approaches can also mitigate climate change impacts. Our research examines the relationship between organic farming and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Using U.S. state-level data over the 1997–2010 period, we estimate that a one percent increase in organic farming...
Topics: Greenhouse gas emissions, Organic farming, United States
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Valentina Palermo; Claire L. Walsh; Richard J. Dawson; Alberto Fichera; Giuseppe Inturri
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Climate change mitigation in urban areas requires a portfolio of policies and practices that are implemented across a range of scales and sectors. The local scale allows the development and implementation of site specific strategies to address climate change in urban areas that have been proven to be more efficient, especially within buildings. But these must be within the wider context of transport and other energy consumption. A unique integrated assessment methodology for the analysis of...
Topics: Energy model, Neighbourhood, Urban energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In Denmark, the conventional method for treating sewage sludge is mechanical dewatering and subsequent storage. However, sludge treatment reed bed systems, which are holistic sludge treatment facilities combining the dewatering, mineralisation and storage of sludge, have been more common during the last three decades. Treatment of sludge in a sludge treatment reed bed system can be combined with post-treatment (further dewatering and mineralisation) on a stockpile area. This study aimed to...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental impact, Eutrophication, Nitrogen, Sewage sludge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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GHG emissions are important footprints because of increasing concern over climate change. Remediation methods produces GHGs in varying quantities based on which activities are involved through its entire life cycle and which contaminants are present, often because some contaminants are more difficult to remove from soil than others. Accounting for emissions from all phases of the project requires a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. LCA can help in choosing the best available technology to...
Topics: GHG emissions, Global warming potential, Life cycle assessment, Sustainable remediation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Emilio Sabia; Fabio Napolitano; Salvatore Claps; Giuseppe De Rosa; Ada Braghieri; Corrado Pacelli
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In the near future dairy enterprises will have to meet increasing environmental regulations. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects on the environment of dairy buffalo farming as affected by two different heifer rearing systems, free-ranging (FR) and confinement (C) using the Life Cycle Assessment approach. The primary data were collected from 32 subjects. The analysis included all of the farming phases (i.e. birth to weaning, weaning to 7–8 months of age, 7–8 months to puberty,...
Topics: Agriculture land occupation, Climate change, Dairy buffalo, Marine eutrophication, Mediterranean...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Liping Ye; Jinglan Hong; Xiaotian Ma; Congcong Qi; Donglu Yang
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Ceramic tiles are important building materials, but their production consumes large amounts of energy and raw materials and causes serious pollution. In this study, a cost combined life cycle assessment is conducted to quantify the environmental and economic impacts of ceramic tile production from cradle to gate and identify the key substances and processes to eliminate production issues. Results show that marine ecotoxicity, climate change, terrestrial ecotoxicity, human toxicity, and fossil...
Topics: Ceramic tile, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle costing, Life cycle inventory, Process-based...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ville Uusitalo; Virgilio Panapanaan; Paavo Vallas; Anna Kuokkanen; Katariina Koistinen
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One of the major global environmental challenges is the overuse of nutrients and related eutrophication problems. Specifically in Finland, the roach fish population is rapidly increasing in eutrophic water systems. Currently roach fish does not have economic value, and it is mainly composted despite the fact that it could provide a direct protein source for human needs. This paper assumes that new business could be established by removing roach fish from eutrophic water systems and using them...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Environmental impact, Eutrophication, Fish, Life cycle assessment, Nutrient...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jing Peng; Li Dan; Ying Ping Wang; Xiba Tang; Xiujing Yang; Fuqiang Yang; Xingjie Lu; Bernard Pak
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Future changes in net land carbon (C) accumulation in the terrestrial ecosystem remain highly uncertain. This uncertainty is mainly due to nitrogen (N) availability not being included in model simulations. N availability is ultimately determined by the balance of N inputs and outputs for the terrestrial ecosystem. Here, as the largest N input pathway, the influence of biological N fixation (BNF) combined with increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) concentration, climate change, and...
Topics: Atmospheric CO 2 concentration, Atmospheric nitrogen deposition, Biological nitrogen fixation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tachaya Sangkakool; Kuaanan Techato; Rafia Zaman; Thomas Brudermann
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Green roof systems are considered a best practice for climate change adaptation and mitigation in urban areas affected by heat waves and stormwater flooding. Green roofs mitigate urban heat islands, improve urban air quality, buffer stormwater and improve runoff quality, absorb emissions and increase the thermal efficiency of buildings. Green roofs therefore are an interesting technology for densely populated urban areas in Thailand, but still at a rather low diffusion stage. The aim of this...
Topics: Green roofs, Multi-criteria decision analysis, SWOT/AHP, Urban heat islands
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fang Chih Chang; Kun Sheng Chen; Ping Yuan Yang; Chun Han Ko
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This study focuses on the production chains that produce plybamboo for use. The production chains were investigated using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, which takes into account all of the input and output flows occurring along the production chain. The results show that the major processing type of plybamboo production is mechanical processing. The characterization of various materials demonstrates that bleached glue-laminated bamboo boards exert the greatest potential environmental...
Topics: Bamboo utilization, Environmental benefit, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Plybamboo
Consumer food waste usually exceeds food losses when a developing country transitions to a developed one. With this notion, China, which is experiencing socioeconomic transition, is projected to be a future hotspot of global food waste. However, the mechanism of food waste generation is more complex than that of food losses, because various driving factors entangle with each other in a non-linear way. Here, by linking household survey data and reviewed life-cycle-assessment dataset, we...
Topics: Bayesian Belief Network, Carbon footprint, Climate change, Food waste, Socioeconomic transitioning,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bernabé Alonso-Fariñas; Alejandro Gallego-Schmid; Pedro Haro; Adisa Azapagic
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The use of biomass for production of chemicals is gaining interest because of its potential to contribute towards a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental benefits linked to the substitution of fossil resources. But, conversely to biofuels, studies focusing on environmental impacts of biomass-derived chemicals are scarce. This paper uses life cycle assessment to evaluate the environmental sustainability of bio-ethylene from poplar produced by the following three...
Topics: Bio-chemical production, Climate change, Environmental sustainability, Ethylene, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiazhong Zheng; Weiguang Wang; Xinchun Cao; Xiaozhou Feng; Wanqiu Xing; Yimin Ding; Qing Dong; Quanxi Shao
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Phosphorus (P) is an indispensable resource for plant growth, and under the background with P consumption increase in crop system, the agriculture and crop production may be affected through the changes of phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) due to the human interference and climate change. Therefore, it is of great importance to investigate the responses of PUE to human interference and climate change from the perspectives of historical simulation and future projection. In this study, the changes...
Topics: Climate change, Global climate models, Human interference, Multiple neural networks, Phosphorus use...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Araceli Ortega Díaz; Erika Casamadrid Gutiérrez
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This paper analyzes the actors in the climate change arena and their influence in directing Mexico toward policies that decrease greenhouse gas emissions, such as the carbon tax and climate change law. The network analysis of the agreement of these laws and public policies in Mexico is a lesson for any country that is in the process of designing and adopting environmental laws. The research is performed using a network analysis that is derived from interviews with various main actors and a...
Topics: Carbon tax, Energy reform, Environmental economics, Government policy, Network analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rupert Seidl; Katharina Albrich; Dominik Thom; Werner Rammer
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In order to prevent irreversible impacts of climate change on the biosphere it is imperative to phase out the use of fossil fuels. Consequently, the provisioning of renewable resources such as timber and biomass from forests is an ecosystem service of increasing importance. However, risk factors such as changing disturbance regimes are challenging the continuous provisioning of ecosystem services, and are thus a key concern in forest management. We here used simulation modeling to study...
Topics: Climate change impacts, Forest disturbance regimes, Landscape management, Risk management, Timber...
Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) are of increasing interest because of their ecotoxicological properties and environmental impacts. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are the main pathway for their release into freshwaters due to the inefficiency of conventional WWTPs in removing many of these contaminants from effluents. Therefore, different advanced effluent treatment techniques have been proposed for their treatment. However, it is not known at present how effective these...
Topics: Advanced wastewater treatment, Ecotoxicity, Life cycle assessment, Pharmaceutical and personal care...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The environmental impact of dairy production in Ireland has been widely studied and it is known that regional differences in management and impact are driven by climate. Climate change projections for Ireland predict increasing temperature, change in rainfall patterns and decreasing in solar radiation, varying by agroclimatic region. This study evaluated the environmental impacts of low-cost, grass-based, rotational-grazing dairy production on poorly drained soils under climate change. The...
Topics: Acidification, Climate change, Eutrophication, Life cycle assessment, Rotational grazing, System...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. N. Anwar; M. Baqar; M. Rehan; W. D. Khan; K. Rasool; A. S. Nizami
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The quest for a sustainable environment and combating global warming, carbon capture, and storage (CCS) has become the primary resort. A complete shift from non-renewable resources to renewable resources is currently impossible due to its major share in energy generation; making CCS an imperative need of the time. This study, therefore, aims to examine the reckoning of carbon dioxide (CO2), measurement methods, and its efficient capture and storage technologies with an ambition to combat global...
Topics: CO2 measurement, Carbon capture and storage (CCS), Climate proxies, Global warming, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Changes in long-term, montane actual evapotranspiration (ET) in response to climate change could impact future water supplies and forest species composition. For scenarios of atmospheric warming, predicted changes in long-term ET tend to differ between studies using space-for-time substitution (STS) models and integrated watershed models, and the influence of spatially varying factors on these differences is unclear. To examine this, we compared warming-induced (+2 to +6 °C) changes in ET...
Topics: Integrated watershed model, Snow, Soil properties, Space-for-time substitution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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An integrated simulation-optimization (ISO) approach is developed for assessing climate change impacts on water resources. In the ISO, uncertainties presented as both interval numbers and probability distributions can be reflected. Moreover, ISO permits in-depth analyses of various policy scenarios that are associated with different levels of economic consequences when the promised water-allocation targets are violated. A snowmelt-precipitation-driven watershed (Kaidu watershed) in northwest...
Topics: Climate change, Multistage, Simulation-optimization, Stochastic analysis, Uncertainty, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chiara Fedeli; Héctor Moreno; Stefan Kunz
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Viral hemorrhagic fevers caused by emerging RNA viruses of the Arenavirus family are among the most devastating human diseases. Climate change, global trade, and increasing urbanization promote the emergence and re-emergence of these human pathogenic viruses. Emerging pathogenic arenaviruses are of zoonotic origin and reservoir-to-human transmission is crucial for spillover into human populations. Host cell attachment and entry are the first and most fundamental steps of every virus infection...
Topics: arenavirus, tropism, viral entry, zoonosis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Haris R. Gilani; John L. Innes; Arnaud De Grave
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Some ski resorts are shifting their business models from winter-only snow-based activities to year-round tourism. This may be happening as a result of climate change or because of a change in recreationists' behaviour, amongst other causes. Using destination governance as a theoretical framework, this research sought to understand factors that allow such business shifts, as well as the impacts of such shifts on forest management in the areas surrounding the ski resorts. Four case studies in...
Topics: Business diversification, Community-based tourism, Destination governance, Destination leadership,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Päivi T. Aakko-Saksa; Chris Cook; Jari Kiviaho; Timo Repo
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Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated...
Topics: Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by James Hansen; Pushker Kharecha
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Near-universal recognition of the threat of human-caused global warming, tragically, has not been accompanied by comprehensive quantitative assessment of technological options for mitigating climate change. In this issue of Joule, David W. Keith and co-authors describe a process of capturing CO2 from the air and provide a much-needed empirical cost estimate based on results from a pilot plant. Estimated costs, exceeding $100 per ton of CO2 without including the cost of CO2 storage, are lower...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shuangwen Yi; Xusheng Li; Zhiyong Han; Huayu Lu; Jinfeng Liu; Jiang Wu
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Loess deposits in Xiashu are representative of such deposits in Southeastern China that are mainly distributed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River valley. These loess-paleosol sequences provide a key archive of past climate change in humid, subtropical regions. However, the ages of the sequences are not well constrained. In this study, the standard quartz single-aliquot regenerative (SAR) dose optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and K-feldspar post-infrared infrared...
Topics: Loess, Luminescence dating, Post-IR IRSL, Quartz OSL, Southeastern China
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brandon R. Sutherland
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The discovery and development of blue light emitting diodes (LEDs) enabled energy-efficient white light emission that continues to impact global energy consumption today. Alternative materials that can outcompete commercial blue LEDs based on epitaxial InGaN could have a large impact on the lighting industry and in curbing anthropogenic climate change. Recently in Joule, Congreve and colleagues show that metal halide perovskite nanocrystals—greatly improved by Mn incorporation—have promise...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Sofia Buza Gontijo; Camila Santos Garcia; Alexandre Ferreira Righi; Conrado A.B. Galdino
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Rising temperatures accompanying global climate change are expected to affect mountain lizards. Therefore, basic information on how these ectotherms deal with their thermal environment is important for further management. We conducted a field study to evaluate how body temperature of the small-sized mountain lizard Eurolophosaurus nanuzae relates to the thermal environment. After capture, the body temperature of the lizards was measured immediately, quickly followed by the substrate and air...
Topics: Ectothermy, Eurolophosaurus nanuzae, Thermal biology, Thermal ecology, Tropiduridade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Prem Kumar; A. K. Pal; N. P. Sahu; Ashish Kumar Jha; Neeraj Kumar; L. Christina; Priyadarshni Priya
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At present environmental scenario global climate change is a reality and its affect all living organism including fish. The aquatic ecosystem is the most affected system as it is the biggest sink for global warming and elevated temperature and obviously affects all the aquatic life forms. With this hypothesis an experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of elevated temperature on Labeo rohita fingerlings and potential of dietary L-tryptophan (TRP) in mitigating the effects elevated...
Topics: Bacterial challenege, Histopathology, L-Tryptophan, Non-specific immunity, Thermal stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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There is an increasing interest in climate change mitigation agricultural activities and the effects on carbon (C) sinks. It is essential to study, propose and implement agricultural practices to protect the environment and increase crop yields, whilst at the same time aiming to reduce agricultural emissions and increase C sequestration. Further study of these aspects is important in order to identify the best land management practices and policies to protect the environment. So with this...
Topics: Big data, Biodiversity, C storage, Land management practices, National action plans, Sector...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Geoff A. Wilson; Markus Schermer; Rike Stotten
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Building on critical community resilience studies, this study analyses the resilience of the village of Vent, a remote mountain community in the Austrian Ötztal valley challenged by slow-onset disturbances such as climate change, outmigration of young people and the repercussions of the post-2008 recession. A conceptual framework which focuses on how well economic, social, cultural, political and natural domains are developed within a community, is used as the conceptual springboard to assess...
Topics: Community resilience, Conceptual resilience frameworks, Remote mountain communities, Small...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Erwann Legrand; Pascal Riera; Olivier Bohner; Jérôme Coudret; Ferdinand Schlicklin; Marie Derrien; Sophie Martin
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This study examined experimentally the combined effect of ocean acidification and warming on the productivity of rock pool multi-specific assemblages, composed of coralline algae, fleshy algae, and grazers. Natural rock pool communities experience high environmental fluctuations. This may confer physiological advantage to rock pool communities when facing predicted acidification and warming. The effect of ocean acidification and warming have been assessed at both individual and assemblage level...
Topics: Acidification, Coralline algae, Fleshy algae, Grazers, Increased temperature, Primary production,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Celso A. Hernández; Carlos Sangil; Alessandra Fanai; José Carlos Hernández
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Primary production and respiration rates were studied for six seaweed species (Cystoseira abies-marina, Lobophora variegata, Pterocladiella capillacea, Canistrocarpus cervicornis, Padina pavonica and Corallina caespitosa) from Subtropical North-East Atlantic, to estimate the combined effects of different pH and temperature levels. Macroalgal samples were cultured at temperature and pH combinations ranging from current levels to those predicted for the next century (19, 21, 23, 25 °C, pH: 8.1,...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal ecosystem, Macroalgae, Primary production, Respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Martin A. Briggs; Zachary C. Johnson; David L. Nelms; Nathaniel P. Hitt
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Groundwater/surface-water exchanges in streams are inexorably linked to adjacent aquifer dynamics. As surface-water temperatures continue to increase with climate warming, refugia created by groundwater connectivity is expected to enable cold water fish species to survive. The shallow alluvial aquifers that source groundwater seepage to headwater streams, however, may also be sensitive to seasonal and long-term air temperature dynamics. Depth to bedrock can directly influence shallow aquifer...
Topics: Climate, Climate change, Geophysical, Groundwater/surface water, Headwater, Heat tracer,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Governor of the state of Mato Grosso in Brazil announced during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of Parties, in December 2015, a plan to reduce considerably the state's greenhouse gas emissions–the Produce, Conserve and Include Strategy (PCI). Its governance structure - made up of members from the civil society, the private sector, and distinct government agencies - was planned to promote the integration of public policies. This article presents the...
Topics: Brazilian Amazon, Climate change, Environmental funds, Governance, Mato Grosso, Policy integration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana G. García; Celia Olabarria; Julio Arrontes; Óscar Álvarez; Rosa M. Viejo
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The green alga Codium fragile ssp. fragile (hereafter C. fragile) has long been assumed to outcompete and displace its native congeners via cryptic invasion. We analysed the population dynamics of the exotic C. fragile and native congeners and their relative abundance on intertidal shores in N-NW Spain. Our results did not support the existence of current competitive displacement by the exotic species. The presence of C. fragile was clearly seasonal, while the native C. tomentosum was more...
Topics: Population dynamics, Recruitment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Celia Olabarria; Francisco Arenas; Ángela Fernández; Jesús S. Troncoso; Brezo Martínez
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Poor physiological acclimatization to climate change has led to shifts in the distributional ranges of various species and to biodiversity loss. However, evidence also suggests the relevance of non-climatic physical factors, such as light, and biotic factors, which may act in interactive or additive way. We used a mechanistic approach to evaluate the ecophysiological responses of four seaweed species (three dominant intertidal fucoids, Fucus serratus, Ascophyllum nodosum, Bifurcaria bifurcata,...
Topics: Ecophysiological responses, Fucoids, Grazing, Light quality and intensity
Globally, the projected increase in sea surface temperature is expected to facilitate large changes in the marine food web, affect coastal communities, marine ecosystem goods and services, global fisheries, tourism, aquaculture and others. This ongoing change takes place on different time scales, and coincides with increasing global demand for seafood, a growing middle class, and expectations of future need for food security from the marine sector. This article contributes to advances in...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Javier Porobic; Elizabeth A. Fulton; Stewart Frusher; Carolina Parada; Billy Ernst; Diana Stram
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The Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management (EBFM) paradigm has been incorporated in the new Chilean Fisheries Act, requiring Chile to transition into EBFM. Chile is a major fishing nation and has substantial industrial and artisanal fleets that provide significant social and economic benefits to Chile and its coastal communities. With Chile facing global challenges, such as food security and climate change, transitioning to EBFM is seen as a mechanism for improved management of Chile's marine...
Topics: Chilean ecosystems, EAF, EBFM, Fisheries policy, Policy coherence, Small-scale fisheries
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anaëlle J. Lemasson; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Stephen Fletcher; Samuel Provstgaard-Morys; Antony M. Knights
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Globally, non-native species (NNS) have been introduced and now often entirely replace native species in captive aquaculture; in part, a result of a perceived greater resilience of NSS to climate change and disease. Here, the effects of ocean acidification and warming on metabolic rate, feeding rate, and somatic growth was assessed using two co-occurring species of oysters – the introduced Pacific oyster Magallana gigas (formerly Crassostrea gigas), and native flat oyster Ostrea edulis....
Topics: Climate change, Crassostrea gigas, Ecosystem change, Living resources, Oyster, Physiology, UK
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhenyue Lin; Liuying Wang; Mingliang Chen; Jianming Chen
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Little is known about how the coral host and its endosymbiont interactions change when they are exposed to a sudden nonlinear environmental transformation, yet this is crucial to coral survival in extreme events. Here, we present a study that investigates the transcriptomic response of corals and their endosymbionts to an abrupt change in pH (pH 7.60 and 8.35). The transcriptome indicates that the endosymbiont demonstrates a synchronized downregulation in carbon acquisition and fixation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanan Lu; Li Wang; Lianshun Wang; Yuting Cong; Guojun Yang; Liqiang Zhao
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Ocean acidification and warming is widely reported to affect the ability of marine bivalves to calcify, but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. In particular, the response of their calcifying fluid carbonate chemistry to changing seawater carbonate chemistry remains poorly understood. The present study deciphers sources of the dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in the calcifying fluid of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) reared at two pH (8.1 and 7.7) and temperature (16 and 22 °C)...
Topics: Bivalve mollusks, Calcification, Calcifying carbonate chemistry, Climate change, Metabolic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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States can play a key role in adaptation to climate change. Given the transboundary nature of the Baltic Sea, its coastal states have much to gain from cooperation to tackle eutrophication and flood risks. Since eight out of nine coastal states are EU Member States, the EU is expected to steer their efforts. Indeed, EU legislation and the EU adaptation strategy, including one specifically for the Baltic Sea Region are in place to activate state actors. They cover crucial aspects for the...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Riccardo Arosio; Kirsty C. Crocket; Geoffrey M. Nowell; S. Louise Callard; John A. Howe; Sara Benetti; Derek Fabel; Chris D. Clark
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The reconstruction of past ice sheet dynamics can inform on long-term ice stream activity, and in turn provide constraints on the response of modern ice sheets to climate change. The Hebrides Ice Stream (HIS) flowed across part of the western Scottish shelf to the shelf-break during the last glacial cycle. To investigate the deglacial dynamics of the HIS following the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), lead (Pb) isotope records were extracted from the FeMn oxyhydroxide and detrital fractions of...
Topics: FeMn oxyhydroxides, Glacial sediments, Last Glacial Maximum, Pb geochemistry, Provenance, Western...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Galina V. Pashkova; Tatyana S. Aisueva; Alexandr L. Finkelshtein; Tatyana Yu Cherkashina; Alexandr A. Shchetnikov
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Element distribution data in lake sediments are widely used to study environmental and climate change over geological time scales. Total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) seems to be well suited for fast multi-elemental analysis of small quantities of subsamples obtained by cutting a sediment core at different intervals. The TXRF technique based on the direct analysis of a suspension prepared by mixing 20 mg of powdered sample and 2 mL of an aqueous 1% Triton X-100 solution was applied to...
Topics: Compton peak, Internal standard, Sediments, Suspension, TXRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Not all estuaries are equally susceptible to anthropogenic perturbation. Microtidal estuaries with long residence times are intrinsically less robust than well-flushed macrotidal estuaries, facilitating the accumulation of contaminants. This promotes development of blooms of non-toxic and toxic phytoplankton, and hypoxia and anoxia may occur in deeper sections of the typically stratified water column. In Mediterranean and arid climates, high temperatures and low and/or seasonal rainfall can...
Topics: Algal blooms, Environmental degradation, Eutrophication, Hypersalinity, Hypoxia, Mediterranean...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pedro Beca-Carretero; Freddy Guihéneuf; Lázaro Marín-Guirao; Jaime Bernardeau-Esteller; Rocío García-Muñoz; Dagmar B. Stengel; Juan M. Ruiz
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Global warming is emerging as one of the most critical threats to terrestrial and marine species worldwide. This study assessed the effects of simulated warming events in culture on two seagrass species, Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa, which play a key role in coastal ecosystems of the Mediterranean Sea. Changes in fatty acids as key metabolic indicators were assessed in specimens from two geographical populations of each species adapted to different in situ temperature regimes. Total...
Topics: Acclimatization, Climate change, Cymodoceanodosa, Fatty acid plasticity, Heat wave, Laboratory...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Askari; I. Sharifi; M. R. Aflatoonian; Z. Babaei; P. Ghasemi Nejad Almani; M. A. Mohammadi; H. Alizadeh; S. Hemati; M. Bamorovat
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Leishmaniasis is rising in many countries, including Iran, due to climate change, refugee crises, urbanization and etc. The aim of this study was to explore the epidemiology, extent and identity of Leishmania species in a newly emerged focus in Abdanan County, Ilam Province, South-western Iran. This study was performed as a descriptive cross-sectional study by a systematic house-to-house approach. The Leishmania species was identified by RFLP-PCR and sequencing. Altogether, 46799 individuals...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Izhar Kairi; Mohd Khairul Nizam Mohd Zuhan; Mehrnoush Khavarian; Brigitte Vigolo; Suriani Abu Bakar; Abdul Rahman Mohamed
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In this study, we report a novel and efficient way to produce large-area graphene and syngas simultaneously from CH 4 and CO 2 via CVD. The successful synthesis of syngas was confirmed by online gas chromatography characterization whereas the graphene produced within the same process was verified using Raman spectroscopy, Raman mapping and HRTEM. This work helps to better understand graphene growth from CH 4 and CO 2 and improve the CVD method by providing a novel pathway for the synthesis of...
Topics: Biogas, Carbon dioxide, Carbon materials, Chemical vapor deposition, Graphene, Syngas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Assessing impacts of climate change on hydrology involves global scale climate projections by General Circulation Models (GCMs), downscaling of global scale projections to regional scale by statistical methods or regional climate models and then use of regional outputs in hydrological simulations. Hydrological simulations considers varying inputs starting with soil characteristics, land cover, vegetation types, control structures to social parameters such as human interventions, irrigation and...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrologic impacts, Hydrologic model of large basin, Parameter uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Potential impact of climate change on the inland waterway transport of the Mackenzie River Basin (MRB) have been investigated through simulations of the Hydrologiske Byrån avdeling för Vattenbalans (HBV) hydrological model, the HBV-light, for the baseline, 1974–2004, and future periods of 2041–2070 and 2071–2100 over the MRB driven by precipitation and air temperature data of Representative Concentration Pathways, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 climate scenarios of 10 Global Climate Models...
Topics: Arctic transportation network, HBV hydrologic model, Impacts of Climate Change, Mackenzie River...
In predicting how droughts and hydrological cycles might change in a changing climate, change of pan evaporation (E pan ) is one crucial element to be understood. The derived partial differential (PD) form of the PenPan equation is a prevailing attribution approach worldwide. However, small biases exist and the application of PD method is limited within the derivation of partial differential form of the equation, which impede the attribution analysis in hydrology. Here we designed a series of...
Topics: Attribution, Pan evaporation, The experimental detrending (ED) approach, The partial differential...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yawen Yu; Xuefei Mei; Zhijun Dai; Jinjuan Gao; Jingbao Li; Jie Wang; Yaying Lou
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Under the impact of intensive anthropogenic activities and in the context of global climate change, the hydromorphological processes of most lakes around the world have changed dramatically. Here, based on hydrologic and topographic data, we analyzed secular variations in hydromorphological characteristics and their influencing factors at Dongting Lake, the second-largest freshwater lake in China. The entire time series (1951–2014) was divided into four subperiods based on the anthropogenic...
Topics: Anthropogenic activities, Changjiang (Yangtze) River, Dongting Lake, Hydromorphological processes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kaishan Song; Zhidan Wen; Yijun Xu; Hong Yang; Ying Zhao; Chong Fang; Yingxin Shang; Jia Du
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Dissolved carbon in lakes play a vital role in the global carbon cycling. The concentration and dynamics of lake dissolved carbon can be influenced by both the surrounding landscape and a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes within the lakes themselves. From 2009 to 2016, we conducted a large-scale assessment of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in 249 lakes across a diverse range of climatic, geopedologic, topographical and hydrological...
Topics: Aquatic carbon cycling, Dissolved inorganic carbon, Dissolved organic carbon, Eutrophication,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Quantifying the potential influence of climate change on future landslide hazard requires methodologies that allow to properly take into account nonstationarities in the hydro-meteorological causes. In this paper we provide a methodology for estimating return period of landslide triggering under climate change. The methodology capitalizes on the combined use of a stochastic rainfall generator and a hydrological and slope stability model. The stochastic rainfall generator takes into account the...
Topics: Climate Change, Landslides, Monte Carlo simulation, Regional climate models, Stochastic models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Ganguly; G. Singh; R. Purvaja; R. Bhatta; A. Paneer Selvam; K. Banerjee; R. Ramesh
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The regulatory ecosystem services in terms of carbon sequestration and storage by Indian seagrass ecosystems were coupled with their monetary values in the context of climate change mitigation in the seagrass meadows of Palk Bay and Chilika Lagoon, two major seagrass ecosystems of India. The results showed that the meadows acted as a net sink of atmospheric CO2; however, they may also act as a minor source of CO2 to the atmosphere depending on the degree of anthropogenic influence. The mean...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Carbon storage, Climate mitigation, Seagrass, Social cost of carbon
Spatial planning is expected to facilitate climate change adaptation by directing future spatial and infrastructure developments away from zones that are exposed to climate-related hazards. This study attempts to confirm this understanding by mapping the effects of the various spatial plans on the northern coast of Java, Indonesia. First, the study maps the extent of coastal hazards for the baseline year of 2010 using a GIS-based inundation model. An overlay in GIS demonstrates the influence of...
Topics: Java coastline, Sea level rise, Spatial plan
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juan M. Barragán; Óscar Lazo
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The aim of this paper is to update and synthesise the current body of knowledge on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in Peru. Proper management of marine and coastal areas and their ecosystems is of the upmost importance in this country. Almost 60% of the population and a substantial segment of the economy are concentrated on coastal territory, which barely accounts for 13% of the surface area of the country. In addition, this is the natural region with less water resources but has...
Topics: Institutional cooperation, Integrated coastal zone management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Imam Buchori; Angrenggani Pramitasari; Agung Sugiri; Maryono Maryono; Yudi Basuki; Anang Wahyu Sejati
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As a global issue, climate change has been significantly influencing coastal areas and causing changes in marine and terrestrial environments. The increase in sea-level rise (SLR), for example, has worsened the quality of life of coastal communities, and this risk increases especially in coastal cities of the developing world. This paper aims to comprehend the variety of self-mitigations and the patterns of local migrations of communities in the northern part of Semarang City, Indonesia. The...
Topics: Community adaptation, Flooding, GIS, Inundation, Migration, Mitigation, Rob
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefan Micallef; Anton Micallef; Charles Galdies
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This study provides an assessment of erosion hazard on the Maltese coast via application of the Coastal Hazard Wheel, a tool that also facilitated analysis of a number of other inherent coastal hazards including ecosystem disruption, gradual inundation, salt water intrusion, and flooding. The CHW characterises the coastal environment by considering geological layout, wave exposure, tidal range, flora and fauna, sediment balance and storm climate. Application of the CHW identified coastal...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal Hazard Wheel, Coastal erosion, Coastal erosion management, Coastline...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Scott A. Martin; Rhett M. Rautsaw; M. Rebecca Bolt; Christopher L. Parkinson; Richard A. Seigel
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Coastal ecosystems worldwide are being impacted by sea-level rise caused by climate change. As mitigation efforts increase to protect these threatened ecosystems, a deeper understanding of how wildlife adapt to coastal management techniques is needed. We monitored three constructed sand dunes (built in 2010 and 2014) and two natural dunes in central Florida from June 2015 through June 2016 to assess the impact of dune construction as a management technique on terrestrial vertebrates....
Topics: Climate change, Florida, Managed retreat, Wildlife management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Steven W.J. Canty; Richard F. Preziosi; Jennifer K. Rowntree
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Mangroves are declining globally at faster rates than tropical forests and coral reefs, with primary threats including, aquaculture, agriculture and climate change. Mangroves provide ecosystem services to coastal communities of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Honduras, which comprise the Mesoamerican Reef (MAR) ecoregion. Over the past two decades mangroves within the MAR have declined. Current estimates of mangrove cover in the region suggest that mangroves cover 239,176 ha of the MAR,...
Topics: Conservation, Management, Mangroves, Mesoamerica, Research foci, Threats
The Eocene was an interval of climate evolution, when the extreme high temperatures of the earliest Cenozoic gave way to a global cooling trend. Fine-grained lacustrine sediments of Eocene age from northeastern China represent an excellent archive to study long-term environmental and climatic changes at high-resolution. The Huadian Basin is a Cenozoic, fault-bounded basin in Jilin Province, northeastern China. Though small in area, it contains numerous oil shale- and coal-bearing layers, which...
Topics: East Asian Monsoon, Eocene cooling, Nearest living relatives, Palynology, Quantitative climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher J. Bae; Feng Li; Liuling Cheng; Wei Wang
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At the broad Early/Middle/Late Pleistocene level, the Chinese hominin fossil site distribution data may inform on hominin mobility/behavioral/interaction strategies. Hominins during the Early Pleistocene and well into the Middle Pleistocene appear to be more restricted to central and southern China. By the advent of the late Middle Pleistocene hominins are found regularly in northern China and by the Late Pleistocene, hominin fossils are found in all latitudes and longitudes encompassing modern...
Topics: Glacial/interglacial stages, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens, Mid-Pleistocene Homo, Primates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ke Yin; Hanlie Hong; Gordon Jock Churchman; Zhaohui Li; Qian Fang
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The mineralogy and chemical composition of the Jiujiang red soil sediments were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Mixed-layer illite–vermiculite (I/V) was confirmed based on the conditions that a broad peak of 1.0 to 1.4 nm appeared in XRD after Mg-saturation, and its d-spacing did not change after glycol treatment, but collapsed to 1.0 nm after heating, owing to the loss of water and...
Topics: Clay minerals, Climate, Mineralogy, Weathering
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohammad Ramshani; Anahita Khojandi; Xueping Li; Olufemi Omitaomu
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Photovoltaic (PV) panels directly convert sunlight into electricity; but, sunlight also heats the panels, negatively impacting their efficiency. Green roofs are vegetative layers grown on rooftops, mainly to provide added insulation on the roof to save energy. Green roofs also cool near-surface air temperature. Hence, the joint installation of PV panels and green roofs may potentially lead to higher efficiency of PV panels in certain climates. We develop a two-stage stochastic programming model...
Topics: Climate change, Energy savings, Renewable energy generation, Stochastic optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lulu Zhao; Hanlie Hong; Jiacheng Liu; Qian Fang; Yuzeng Yao; Wei Tan; Ke Yin; Chaowen Wang; Mi Chen; Thomas J. Algeo
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Visible-to-shortwave infrared reflectance (VSWIR) spectroscopy is a fast and efficient approach for estimation of soil properties. In order to test whether soil weathering intensity can be predicted using reflectance spectra in the VSWIR range (350–2500 nm), and to examine the efficacy of this methodology to supplement or substitute for traditional mineralogical and geochemical techniques of paleoclimate reconstruction, we investigated a Quaternary soil sequence at Shengli in the Sichuan...
Topics: CIA, Clay minerals, Fe-oxide minerals, Imaging spectroscopy, Paleoclimate, VSWIR
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. P. Rötter; M. P. Hoffmann; M. Koch; C. Müller
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Modelling is a key tool to explore agricultural impacts of and adaptations to climate change. Here we report recent progress made especially referring to the large project initiatives MACSUR and AgMIP; in particular, in modelling potential crop impacts from field to global using multi-model ensembles. We identify two main fields where further progress is necessary: a more mechanistic understanding of climate impacts and management options for adaptation and mitigation; and focusing on cropping...
The evolution of delta plains and coastal floodplains is commonly believed to be influenced by sea-level and climate changes. However, regional climate change influences on the evolution of delta plains and floodplains are poorly understood compared with responses to rapid sea-level rise since the last deglaciation. This study investigated the Kimotsuki lowland delta plain evolution (Kyusyu, southern Japan), including allogenic controls, based on 28 auger cores and 28 radiocarbon ages....
Topics: Climate change, East Asian summer monsoon, Peat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A new Late glacial-Holocene palaeoenvironmental record from near Lago Lynch (53°54′S, 69°26′W), Tierra del Fuego is presented. The record was sampled from a mire located within the deciduous Nothofagus forest-steppe ecotone and pollen and spore analysis suggest a high degree of vulnerability of past vegetation to changes in effective moisture. AMS radiocarbon dating supplemented by the application of tephrochronology including the geochemical fingerprinting of six visible and cryptotephra...
Topics: Southern beech, Tephrochronology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Central Asia comprises a vast area of arid terrain which has an important impact on the global climate system. Although still debated, the pattern of climatic variations in central Asia is regionally distinctive and does not appear to be strongly related to changes in insolation. To understand the climatic evolution of central Asia, as well as its forcing mechanisms, it is necessary to characterize variations in the Westerlies, which have had a major influence on climate change in the region....
Topics: Holocene, Last deglacial, MAR, Precipitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhengchuang Hui; Jun Zhang; Zhenhua Ma; Xiaomiao Li; Tingjiang Peng; Jijun Li; Bao Wang
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The Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum (MMCO) has been regarded as an analog for future global warming due to its scale of warming being equivalent to the warming predicted for the next century by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s fourth report. However, little is known about how the MMCO influenced paleoprecipitation in central China. In this study, two pollen floras from the eastern Longzhong Basin, northern central China, were quantitatively analyzed to reconstruct the climatic...
Topics: Climatic gradient and seasonality, Northern Central China, Sporopollen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pavel Šamonil; Jakub Kašpar; Ivana Vašíčková; Pavel Daněk; Jan Novák; Petra Hájková; Dušan Adam; Hanns Hubert Leuschner
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A unique remnant of forest dating back to the period 9733–7897 yr BC and consisting of hundreds of tree bases was discovered in the Czech Republic. We aimed to reveal the complex disturbance history of this (sub)fossil forest using dendrochronology, and to describe its detailed plant species composition changes using palaeobotanical techniques. Analysing such Early Holocene forest dynamics should help us understand the ability of the forest community to actively adapt to climate change and...
Topics: Dendrochronology, Fire regime, Growth chronology, Pinus sylvestris, Release, Suppression
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bisrat Kifle Arsiso; Gizaw Mengistu Tsidu; Gerrit Hendrik Stoffberg
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Understanding climate change and variability at an urban scale is essential for water resource management, land use planning, development of adaption plans, mitigation of air and water pollution. However, there are serious challenges to meet these goals due to unavailability of observed and/or simulated high resolution spatial and temporal climate data. The statistical downscaling of general circulation climate model, for instance, is usually driven by sparse observational data hindering the...
Topics: Addis Ababa-Ethiopia, Climate change, Emission scenarios, Representative concentration pathways,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi; Tendai Polite Chibarabada; Vimbayi Grace Petrova Chimonyo; Albert Thembinkosi Modi
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Climate change projections for southern Africa indicate low and erratic rainfall as well as increasing frequency and intensity of rainfall extremes such as drought. The 2015/16 drought devastated large parts of southern Africa and highlighted the need for drought tolerant crops. Bambara groundnut is an African indigenous crop, commonly cultivated in southern Africa, with a higher potential for drought tolerance compared to other staple legumes. AquaCrop model was used to evaluate the impacts of...
Topics: Adaptation, AquaCrop, Resilience, Water productivity, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by N. Van Oostende; E. Curchitser; J. P. Dunne; B. B. Ward
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The measured concentration of chlorophyll a in the surface ocean spans four orders of magnitude, from ∼0.01 mg m−3 in the oligotrophic gyres to >10 mg m−3 in coastal zones. Productive regions encompass only a small fraction of the global ocean area yet they contribute disproportionately to marine resources and biogeochemical processes, such as fish catch and coastal hypoxia. These regions and/or the full observed range of chlorophyll concentration, however, are often poorly represented...
Topics: California Current, Chlorophyll, Coastal hypoxia, Coastal upwelling, Diatom, Phytoplankton...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. E. Hartman; M. P. Humphreys; C. Kivimäe; E. M.S. Woodward; V. Kitidis; T. McGrath; D. J. Hydes; T. Hull; C. Ostle; D. J. Pearce; D. Sivyer; B. M. Stewart; P. Walsham; S. C. Painter; E. McGovern
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In 2014-5 the UK NERC sponsored an 18 month long Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry research programme which collected over 1500 nutrient and carbonate system samples across the NW European Continental shelf, one of the largest continental shelves on the planet. This involved the cooperation of 10 different Institutes and Universities, using 6 different vessels. Additional carbon dioxide (CO2) data were obtained from the underway systems on three of the research vessels. Here, we present and discuss...
Topics: Carbonate chemistry, Nutrients, Shelf seas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jun Wang; Junzhe Wang; Yunze Lu; Yan Fang; Xin Gao; Zhonghua Wang; Weijun Zheng; Shengbao Xu
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High temperature severely damage the growth and development of crops with climate change. To effectively screen heat responsive proteins in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the isobaric tandem mass tag (TMT)-labeled quantitative proteomic analysis and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were performed. Here, we found that a wheat RADIATION SENSITIVE 23 protein, TaRAD23, was up-regulated at both protein and RNA levels by exposing to heat stress. Sequence homology analysis indicated that the...
Topics: Development, HSFA2, TaRAD23, Thermotolerance, Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rad23b
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bente J. Graae; Vigdis Vandvik; Kari Klanderud; W. Scott Armbruster; Wolf L. Eiserhardt; Kristoffer Hylander; Johan Ehrlén; James D.M. Speed; Kari Anne Bråthen; Ann Milbau; Øystein H. Opedal; Inger G. Alsos; Rasmus Ejrnæs; Hans Henrik Bruun; H. John B. Birks
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In the face of climate change, populations have two survival options − they can remain in situ and tolerate the new climatic conditions (“stay”), or they can move to track their climatic niches (“go”). For sessile and small-stature organisms like alpine plants, staying requires broad climatic tolerances, realized niche shifts due to changing biotic interactions, acclimation through plasticity, or rapid genetic adaptation. Going, in contrast, requires good dispersal and colonization...
Topics: Adaptation, Dispersal, Microclimate, Niche, Refugia, Resilience
The prevalence of land-terminating Greenland Ice Sheet margins is expected to increase as tidewater glaciers retreat onto land, yet few studies have characterized the sensitivity of these slow-moving margins to climatic variability. The response of land-terminating ice sheet sectors to climate forcing can be assessed by examining records of paleo-ice margin positions preserved in ice sheet moraine systems. In western Greenland, the extensive Fjord Stade moraine system was deposited by minor...
Topics: 10Be exposure dating, Greenland Ice Sheet, Holocene, Moraines
Records of sedimentary charcoal provide fire histories for assessing the relationship between fires and climate conditions, vegetation, human impact, and other factors. We analyzed charcoal particles in sediments from Lake Biwa in central Japan, dating back to 150,000 years ago. The sediments are well dated, homogenous, and had a constant sedimentation rate, making them ideal for assessing the long-term fire history through charcoal concentration analysis. Low charcoal concentrations in the...
Topics: Charcoal particle, East Asian monsoon, Fire history, Local effect, Orbital forcing, Spring...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hugues Alexandre Blain; José Alberto Cruz Silva; Juan Manuel Jiménez Arenas; Vasiliki Margari; Katherine Roucoux
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The pattern of the varying climatic conditions in southern Europe over the last million years is well known from isotope studies on deep-ocean sediment cores and the long pollen records that have been produced for lacustrine and marine sedimentary sequences from Greece, Italy and the Iberian margin. However, although relative glacial and interglacial intensities are well studied, there are still few proxies that permit quantitative terrestrial temperature and precipitation reconstruction. In...
Topics: South-Western Mediterranean, Vertebrates as climate proxy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The timing, structure and termination of the last southern mountain glaciation and its forcing remains unclear. Most studies have focused on the global Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; 26.5–19 ka) time period, which is just part of the extensive time-frame within the last glacial period, including Marine Isotope Stages 3 and 4. Understanding the glacial fluctuations throughout the glacial period is a prerequisite for uncovering the cause and climate mechanism driving southern glaciation and the...
This article is concerned with the interaction of international, regional and national policy on climate change and sustainability, and the implications of these policy dimensions for planning. With the scientific consensus pointing to unequivocal human influence on the ecosystem, the issue of how best to manage climate change and ecological sustainability is arguably now a matter for economic, political, policy and planning domains. However, despite the warnings of scientists that ‘business...
Topics: Climate change, Crisis, Economy, Planning, Policy, Techno-finance fix
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yuan Shang; Maarten A. Prins; Christiaan J. Beets; Anu Kaakinen; Yann Lahaye; Noortje Dijkstra; Daniël S. Rits; Bin Wang; Hongbo Zheng; Ronald T. van Balen
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The thick loess-palaeosol sequences in the Mangshan Loess Plateau (MLP; central China) along the south bank of the lower reach of the Yellow River provide high-resolution records of Quaternary climate change. In addition, substantial increases in grain-size and accumulation rate have been inferred in the upper part of the loess sequence, above palaeosol layer S2. This study investigates the sources of the long-term dust supply to the MLP and explores the mechanism behind the sudden increase in...
Topics: End member modelling, Grain-size, Mangshan Plateau, Provenance analysis, Sanmen Gorge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Valerie van den Bos; Marcus Vandergoes; Janet Wilmshurst; Paul Augustinus
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The Holocene thermal maximum (HTM) is a spatio-temporally variable period of generally warmer conditions during the early and middle Holocene that is often used as an analogue for future climate change. Global scale climate reconstructions and models tend to smooth out the variations and complexity of the HTM and inconsistencies between reconstructions from different locations and proxies are often attributed to bias arising from different locations or proxies. We use these differences as a...
Topics: Chironomids, Holocene, Insolation, Northern New Zealand, Palynology, Southern hemisphere, Summer...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiao Zhang; Hong Yi Li; Zhiqun Daniel Deng; Claudia Ringler; Yang Gao; L. Ruby Leung
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Hydropower plays an important role as the global energy system moves towards a less carbon-intensive and sustainable future as promoted under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This article provides a systematic review of the impacts from policy, climate change and Water-Energy-Food (W-E-F) nexus on hydropower development at global scale. Asia, Africa and Latin America are hotspots promoting hydropower development with capacity expansion, while Europe and North America focus on...
Topics: Climate change, Hydropower, Sustainability, Water-food-energy nexus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Rodríguez-Algeciras; Abel Tablada; Mabel Chaos-Yeras; Guillermo De la Paz; Andreas Matzarakis
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The combined effect of climate change and Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is leading to a rise in air temperature in urban areas, including those with heritage value. Urban morphology and its effect on sun shading conditions in tropical cities is crucial to reduce UHI and improve outdoor thermal comfort. This paper presents a temporal-spatial analysis of the effect of courtyards geometry on their outdoor thermal conditions in a warm-humid climate. The assessment is based on numerical simulations...
Topics: Courtyard geometry, Mean radiant temperature, Solar radiation, Thermal comfort, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sarah J. Davies; Melanie J. Leng; Anders Noren
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The transition from the mid-to late-Holocene in MesoAmerica saw increasing complexity in spatial patterns of change. Records from the western part of the region are sparse, with lacustrine sequences affected by long term anthropogenic disturbance or lacking chronological resolution. Here, we present a continuous palaeoecological and geochemical record from Laguna de Juanacatlán, a remote lake in the mountains of the western TMVB. Diatom assemblages, XRF scanning data and bulk organic...
Topics: Diatoms, Geochemistry, Holocene, North America, Palaeolimnology, Pollen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiayun Yao; Sean M. Raffuse; Michael Brauer; Grant J. Williamson; David M.J.S. Bowman; Fay H. Johnston; Sarah B. Henderson
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Forest fire smoke is a growing public health concern as more intense and frequent fires are expected under climate change. Remote sensing is a promising tool for exposure assessment, but its utility for health studies is limited because most products measure pollutants in the total column of the atmosphere, and not the surface concentrations most relevant to population health. Information about the vertical distribution of smoke is vital for addressing this limitation. The CALIPSO satellite can...
Topics: CALIPSO, Forest fire smoke, Machine learning, Population exposure, Statistical model, Vertical...
A new late-Holocene high-resolution pollen record is presented from Lago Patria with the aim of investigating past vegetation and environmental dynamics in a still under-investigated coastal sector of the Campania region (Italy). Our results show the evolution of a mixed deciduous and evergreen oak-dominated lowland forest, rich in both xeric and mesic woody taxa, under the influence of climate, human impact, geomorphic processes and their interplay. Between 4800 and 2800 cal BP, the pollen...
Cryptomeria (Cupressaceae) is a relic genus that was widely distributed throughout Eurasia during the Cenozoic. Interpretation of the biogeographic history of this genus is currently limited by lack of fossil records from the Paleogene of East Asia. Here, we report on a new fossil species of Cryptomeria, Cryptomeria yunnanensis W.N. Ding et Z.K. Zhou sp. nov., based on well-preserved compressions and impressions from the Rupelian (~ 32 Ma) of the Lühe Basin, Yunnan, Southwest China. Sterile...
Topics: China, Climate change, Cryptomeria, Cuticle micromorphology, Fossil history, Oligocene
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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CO2 capture and storage technologies have been recognized as the primary option to mitigate the issue of climate change caused by the utilization of fossil fuels. In the last decades, several CO2 capture approaches have been developed, such as absorption, adsorption, membrane, cryogenic, hydrate and chemical looping combustion etc. However, the energy penalty is a general challenge for each technology. To overcome the disadvantages of standalone technology, the combination of two or more...
Topics: Absorption, Adsorption, CCS, Cryogenic, Hybrid CO2 capture, Membrane
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hoonyoung Park; Su Jong Jeong; Chang Hoi Ho; Chang Eui Park; Jinwon Kim
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There is a consensus that the spring phenology of deciduous forests is advancing in response to global warming. Since the late 1990s, however, this tendency of spring phenology advancement has been weakened in over 60% of boreal forests, particularly in Siberia (−0.58 day yr −1 for 1982–1997 vs. −0.17 day yr −1 for 1982–2013) and northwestern North America (NWNA; −0.42 day yr −1 for 1982–1997 vs. 0.07 day yr −1 for 1982–2013). This study investigated the major factor in...
Topics: Boreal forests, Climate change, Slowdown of green-up trends, The start of the growing season,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) are small and remote island economies highly reliant on fossil fuels. Although they are mainly self-governing nations, they are highly vulnerable to exogenous events such as global fuel price volatility and tropical cyclones. The work presented here targets 12 PSIDS located in the South Pacific. The analysis takes a functional approach to assess the state of the energy governance system and to determine its relationship to renewable energy (RE)...
Topics: Renewable energy, SIDS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maya Jegen; Xavier D. Philion
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What explains the inception, the scope and the political saliency of smart grid development? Illustrating the dynamics of non-agenda-setting, this study reviews the electricity sector in the Canadian province of Quebec. Drawing from Kingdon's multiple streams, we argue that the opening of a policy window that would put smart grid development on the policy agenda has proved elusive. In the problem stream, we show that key actors in Quebec's electricity sector do not link smart grid development...
Topics: John Kingdon, Policy agenda, Smart grid, Technological upgrade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lina María González-González; Diego F. Correa; Stephen Ryan; Paul D. Jensen; Steven Pratt; Peer M. Schenk
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The sustainable, efficient production of biofuel can lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, lowered climate change impact and increased security owing to the fulfilment of global energy demands. Microalgae have been shown as an attractive feedstock for renewable fuel production, such as biodiesel and biogas. To date, more effort has been put towards the production of biodiesel using the lipid contents in algal cells, while less attention has been placed on biogas production through...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Biofuel, Biomethane, Biorefinery, Microalgae
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Celeste Dias; Sandra Correia; João Serôdio; Artur Manuel Soares Silva; Helena Freitas; Conceição Santos
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Climate change is increasing the frequency of heat waves accompanied by drought episodes. These challenges are increasing in the Mediterranean basin, where Olea europaea L. has an important ecological and economic role. Olive breeding programs have been focused on highly productive cultivars, while ancient cultivars may present higher tolerance to drought and heat resilience. Therefore, it is important to select traditional cultivars that may give reliable performances under the emerging...
Topics: Olea europaea, Photosynthesis, Total antioxidant capacity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Erwann Legrand; Pascal Riera; Loïc Pouliquen; Olivier Bohner; Thierry Cariou; Sophie Martin
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Diurnal and seasonal variations in temperature, salinity, oxygen concentration, carbonate chemistry parameters and nutrient concentration were monitored within mid-tidal rockpools on the north-western coast of Brittany, France. We also examined the importance of rockpool physical characteristics (e.g. shore height, surface, volume and depth) on the physico-chemical variability. Rockpool shore height and depth appeared as the main physical factors driving physico-chemical variations. Shallow...
Topics: Coralline algae, Diurnal variability, Fleshy algae, Rockpool, Seasonal variation