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Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Edward Lawrence Umpfenbach; Evrim Dalkiran; Ratna Babu Chinnam; Alper Ekrem Murat
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Assortment planning seeks to find an optimal set of products that the company should offer to its customers. Traditionally, it is a trade-off between offering larger assortments to maximize customer choice vs. smaller assortments to minimize costs associated with design, manufacturing, and distribution. Existing assortment planning models are quite lacking when it comes to configurable products such as automobiles and detail level of supply chain considerations. Further complications stem from...
Topics: Assortment planning, Automotive products, Network design, OR in environment and climate change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The main approaches for computing very long-term discount rates – revealed and stated preferences – have limitations. We overcome previous shortcomings using derived preferences, i.e. we retrieve information on very long-term time preferences from happiness data and people's expectations about the living conditions of future generations. We account for possible endogeneity between expectations about the future and current well-being using 2SLS. We find that negative (positive) expectations...
Topics: Climate change, Discounting, Intergenerational equity, Long-term discount rate, Subjective...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Luciano Barcellos de Paula; Fernando Augusto Silva Marins
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Global warming, as many other threats, requires more activity from the government, and people inquire about this, rightfully so. However, the public and private sectors nowadays have a joint responsibility with society. Global warming has come out of the scientific community and shows that climate change is an important social, economic, and political issue. Currently the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by transportation sector are the main polluter of the planet. For this reason, in this paper...
Topics: Decision-making, Logic fuzzy, Stakeholder engagement, Sustainability, Urban transportation systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Many scholars, commentators and activists have been involved in often fierce debates about the normative desirability of economic globalisation. This issue remains highly contested to this day. Judgements as well as evidence on the positive and negative impacts of globalisation on the economy, society and ecology can be seen as statements on the sustainability of globalisation: is globalisation leading to a world in which people now and in the future can have a good quality of life? This paper...
Topic: Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Zhengxia Dou; John D. Toth; Michael L. Westendorf
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Food waste is a matter intrinsically linked with the growing challenges of food security, resource and environmental sustainability, and climate change. In developed economies, the largest food waste stream occurs in the consumption stage at the end of the food chain. Current approaches for dealing with the wasted food have serious limitations. Historically, livestock animals had functioned as bio-processors, turning human-inedible or -undesirable food materials into meat, eggs, and milk....
Topics: Animal feeding, Climate footprint, Food security, Food waste, Sustainability, Waste management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ronald K. Vogel; Xianming Meng; Peter Walsh; Alan Morris; Chris Riedy
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Sydney has emerged as a major global city in the 21st century. We review the “global city thesis” which dominates urban scholarship and practice, and ask whether it adequately captures the Sydney experience. Although the global city thesis is a useful analytical construct for policy makers and scholars, we argue that it does not adequately chart Sydney's rise as a leading global city and its current problems. The global city thesis ignores the political institutions and processes that shape...
Topics: Public transit, Social housing, Sustainability transition, Sydney, Transformative capacity, Urban...
The seaports industry is an industry that produces voluminous negative externalities on the local and regional level, and is also affected by the challenges of climate change. To improve the dimensions of the sustainability – economic, social or ecological dimensions for cleaner production - on an industry level, there is a need to build an inter-organizational network. In this paper, we apply a virtual learning model for the setup of an interorganizational network (ION) for sustainable...
Topics: Learning organization, Net broker, Networks, Ports industry, Stakeholder management, Sustainability
Climate change, increased climate variability, extreme weather events, and increasing salinization pose a serious challenge to the sustainability of crop production in coastal Bangladesh. This study assessed yield performance of rice and non-rice crops under farmers’ current practices across five climate and three salinity scenarios in the south-western coastal zone. Representative village case studies in Khulna District were used to obtain data on current cropping practices and yields. A...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal zone, Crop simulation, Cropping system, Salinization, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Camille Piponiot; Géraldine Derroire; Laurent Descroix; Lucas Mazzei; Ervan Rutishauser; Plinio Sist; Bruno Hérault
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One third of contemporary tropical forests is designated by national forest services for timber production. Tropical forests are also increasingly affected by anthropogenic disturbances. However, there is still much uncertainty around the capacity of tropical forests to recover their timber volume after logging as well as other disturbances such as fires, large blow-downs and extreme droughts, and thus on the long-term sustainability of logging. We developed an original Bayesian hierarchical...
Topics: Disturbance, Ecosystem modelling, Recovery, Sustainability, Tropical forest management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- F. Saladini; G. Betti; E. Ferragina; F. Bouraoui; S. Cupertino; G. Canitano; M. Gigliotti; A. Autino; F. M. Pulselli; A. Riccaboni; G. Bidoglio; S. Bastianoni
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Water use and agricultural practices in the Mediterranean area are unsustainable. The situation is worsened by the increased frequency of droughts and floods, as well as desertification and soil depletion, associated with climate change. The aim of Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Mediterranean Area (PRIMA) is to foster an integrated programme of sustainable food production and water provision in the framework of the water-energy-food nexus. A monitoring tool developed under PRIMA...
Topics: Monitoring system, PRIMA programme, Sustainability, Sustainability indicators, Sustainable food...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- A. Lagarde; L. Doyen; A. Ahad-Cissé; N. Caill-Milly; S. Gourguet; O. Le Pape; C. Macher; G. Morandeau; O. Thébaud
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This paper examines the impact of climate change on the bio-economic performance of Bay of Biscay mixed fisheries and explores the capacity of alternative management strategies to cope with these impacts. A dynamic multi-species, multi-class, multi-fleet model is developed and calibrated using available biological, economic and environmental information for French fleets. Fishing and economic data have been collected within the European Data Collection Framework. Climate represented by the sea...
Topics: Global warming, Scenarios, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Anders Arvesen; Gunnar Luderer; Michaja Pehl; Benjamin Leon Bodirsky; Edgar G. Hertwich
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The fields of life cycle assessment (LCA) and integrated assessment (IA) modelling today have similar interests in assessing macro-level transformation pathways with a broad view of environmental concerns. Prevailing IA models lack a life cycle perspective, while LCA has traditionally been static- and micro-oriented. We develop a general method for deriving coefficients from detailed, bottom-up LCA suitable for application in IA models, thus allowing IA analysts to explore the life cycle...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Integrated assessment model (IAM), Life cycle assessment (LCA),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The use of biomass for production of chemicals is gaining interest because of its potential to contribute towards a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental benefits linked to the substitution of fossil resources. But, conversely to biofuels, studies focusing on environmental impacts of biomass-derived chemicals are scarce. This paper uses life cycle assessment to evaluate the environmental sustainability of bio-ethylene from poplar produced by the following three...
Topics: Bio-chemical production, Climate change, Environmental sustainability, Ethylene, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Md Mahedi Al Masud; Nurun Naher Moni; Hossein Azadi; Steven Van Passel
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The Southwest Coastal people of Bangladesh have introduced Tidal River Management (TRM) as an environmentally acceptable water resource management practice based on their indigenous knowledge of water logging of low lying coastal land. TRM helps to address problems resulting from different anthropogenic and structural development activities, and it has been successful in helping coastal communities to adapt to climate change and rising sea level vulnerability by forming new land in Tidal...
Topics: Climate change, Sedimentation, Sustainability index, Water management, Water-logging
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- J. G. Conijn; P. S. Bindraban; J. J. Schröder; R. E.E. Jongschaap
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Global food demand is expected to increase, affecting required land, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) inputs along with unintended emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHG) and losses of N and P. To quantify these input requirements and associated emissions/losses as a function of food demand, we built a comprehensive model of the food system and investigated the effects of multiple interventions in the food system on multiple environmental goals. Model outcomes are compared to planetary boundaries...
Topics: Food system, GHG emission, Land use, Phosphorus, Planetary boundaries, Sustainability
Sustainability is a paradigm that affects many sectors due to an increasing of stakeholders’ pressure, economic or political reasons. The wine industry is concerned about sustainability in both senses: it confronts threats from sustainability issues, such as climate change, chemical exposure and water and energy availability and its activities have their own impacts. In this sense, understanding sustainability in the wine world requires identifying definitions and principles, but also a...
Topics: Assessment, Cross-disciplinary perspective, Qualitative study, Sustainability, Wine industry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xiao Zhang; Hong Yi Li; Zhiqun Daniel Deng; Claudia Ringler; Yang Gao; L. Ruby Leung
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Hydropower plays an important role as the global energy system moves towards a less carbon-intensive and sustainable future as promoted under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This article provides a systematic review of the impacts from policy, climate change and Water-Energy-Food (W-E-F) nexus on hydropower development at global scale. Asia, Africa and Latin America are hotspots promoting hydropower development with capacity expansion, while Europe and North America focus on...
Topics: Climate change, Hydropower, Sustainability, Water-food-energy nexus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Renisson Neponuceno de Araújo Filho; Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos Freire; Bradford Paul Wilcox; Jason Brossard West; Fernando José Freire; Flávio Adriano Marques
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Caatinga forests occupy an area of around one million km2 in the semiarid region of northeast Brazil. These landscapes are undergoing rapid change because of accelerated deforestation for cultivation and firewood. The capacity of Caatinga forests to regenerate after clearing determines the magnitude of the carbon (C) sink in the soil, and thus is fundamental information for developing management policies for long-term sustainability. The objective of this study was to investigate C stocks and...
Topics: Degradation, Organic matter, Semiarid forests, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and energy security have emerged as the biggest concerns of the present century. Renewable energy sources are not continuous, dependent upon geographical location as well as climatic conditions, and require a very large land footprint. Future of nuclear energy is also uncertain because of public apprehensions and subsequent government policies. To overcome the issues derailing these two virtually carbon-free energy sources, a new hybrid or integrated nuclear-renewable energy...
Topics: Climate, Energy, Nuclear, Renewable, Solar, Sustainability
The impact of different hybrid timber building construction on three different categories namely: environment, economic and social is analyzed in this research. Five types of hybrid timber structure have been chosen in this study toward finding the most optimum choice for Malaysian low income housing. The base material of all case studies are wood and only main frame of structures are different. The environmental impact of each individual design encompasses material extraction, transportation,...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Hybrid timber structure, Life cycle sustainability assessment, Social...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Zhaowei Miao; Huiqiang Mao; Ke Fu; Yu Wang
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Observing prevalent concerns about the influence of carbon emissions on climate change, we address the problem of remanufacturing with trade-ins under carbon regulations. We analyze the optimal pricing and production decisions of the manufacturer under the carbon tax policy and the cap and trade program. The results show that the introduction of carbon regulations can promote sales of remanufactured products while reducing the demands of new products. However, the implementation of carbon...
Topics: Cap and trade, Carbon tax, Remanufacturing, Subsidy, Sustainability, Trade-in
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ch Srinivasa Rao; K. Kareemulla; P. Krishnan; G. R.K. Murthy; P. S. Ananthan; P. K. Joshi
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The impending threats of changing climate have been well documented across sectors. The climate risks are best addressed through increasing adaptive capacity and building resilience. Ever since the global call during the Rio Summit in 1992 for establishing sustainability indicators across sectors, there have been several studies across the world on developing indicators for sustainability, vulnerability and climate resilience. Agriculture, the most vulnerable system to changing climate, depends...
Topics: Climate resilient agriculture, India, Sustainability indicators, Vulnerability
As in many countries, coal-fired power plants in Spain account for a significant contribution to the electricity mix. Nevertheless, renewable energy options and natural gas are paving the way for coal retirement. Alternatively, it is possible to reduce the emissions (especially SO2 and NOx) associated with coal combustion through technology retrofits focused on desulphurisation and denitrification in line with the EU Industrial Emissions Directive. Within a context of low coal and CO2 prices,...
Topics: Coal, Energy transition, Retrofit, Sustainability
Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to both climate change and local air pollution. Cold ironing (onshore power supply) reduces emissions while ships are berthed in port by providing power from shore-side electricity rather than onboard auxiliary generators. Previous research has focused on installing the technology in large ports but if policy goals (particularly in the EU) are to be achieved then smaller ports must also install the technology. Therefore, this study examines the...
Topics: Cold ironing, Environmental, Onshore power supply, Policy, Seaports, Shore-side power,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Sharon Prendeville; Emma Cherim; Nancy Bocken
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Urbanisation and climate change are urging cities to chart novel paths towards sustainable futures. Many cities are turning to the alluring ‘circular economy’ (CE) concept to guide this redirection. The CE concept re-imagines how flows of resources moving through economies might be ‘closed’. Here, we explore this new ‘circular city’ agenda by asking: How are cities adopting CE as a strategy?. We found that political leadership, building adaptable future visions, using experimental...
Topics: Circular economy, Cities, Sharing economy, Sustainability, Transitions, Urban environmentalism
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper presents life-cycle environmental impacts and health hazards of the ilmenite and rutile processing routes which are very little explored despite a significant quantity of production worldwide. The study is carried out through a life-cycle environmental-impact assessment of the ilmenite and rutile mining production processes in Australia, using the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) method under 14 significant impact categories and the Cumulative Energy Demand (CED)...
Topics: Australia, Ilmenite, Life-cycle assessment, Rutile, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Kathleen M. Kevany; Gene Baur; George C. Wang
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Growing evidence reveals food production systems and consumption practices contradict goals for environmental well-being and population health. This interdisciplinary paper reviews research for impacts from diets on non-communicable human diseases, climate change, and animal well-being. With increasing pressures to innovate and reduce economic as well as emotional costs associated with ill-health, our recommendations could positively impact policy.
Topics: Environmental sustainability, Ethical food, Food systems, Plant-based diets, Preventative health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the dominant industrial economy, packaging waste represents a significant share of urban solid waste generation (∼20.0% by volume in Europe and United States), with wide-ranging negative impacts on interconnected human-Earth systems. The transition from the dominant linear economy to a model grounded in circularity by intention and design can build a new essential foundation for the market economy and packaging utilization. This work examines packaging production and consumption vis-à-vis...
Topics: Cassava starch, Circular economy, Climate change, Packaging, Sustainability, Waste management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Salvador Guzmán-Sánchez; Daniel Jato-Espino; Ignacio Lombillo; Jose Manuel Diaz-Sarachaga
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The sustainability of cities is being influenced by their roofs, which cover a high proportion of built-up areas and whose design is crucial to control their economic, environmental and social impacts in a context of urban sprawl and Climate Change. For this reason, this research developed a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methodology combining the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to support the selection...
Topics: Climate scenarios, Expert judgment, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and salinisation present substantial challenges to the sustainability of cropping systems in south-west coastal Bangladesh. This is the third paper in a series reporting a study to assess the impacts of climate change and salinity on the productivity and economic viability of ten current and potential rice-based cropping systems in two coastal villages in Khulna District. In this paper, possible adaptations are assessed, including novel dry-season crops, changed fertilizer use,...
Topics: Salinization, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Anna Lehtonen; Arto Salonen; Hannele Cantell; Laura Riuttanen
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Climate change is a wicked problem of our time. It is a phenomenon that is difficult to combat with prevailing ways of thinking and behaving related to a modern understanding of humanity and education. In this article, the challenges of sustainability education are explored from the theoretical perspective of modern dichotomies. The article argues that to combat wicked problems of sustainability, awareness of interconnectedness is vital. In order to increase the understanding of what kind of...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change education, Interconnectedness, Modern dichotomies, Sustainability...
Wood has been presented as a carbon-neutral material capable of significantly contribute to climate change mitigation and has become an appealing option for the building sector. This paper presents the quantification of the organization environmental footprint of a wood parquet company. The multi-regional input-output (MRIO) database EXIOBASE was used with a further structural path analysis decomposition. The application of the proposed method quantifies 14 environmental impacts. Highly...
Topics: Environmental impacts, MRIO, Structural path analysis, Sustainability, Wood
Pervasive misinformation about climate change might be reduced if colleges were to include the topic within general education curriculum. This paper analyzes the general education (or “core”) curriculum in the top 100 universities and liberal-arts colleges in the U.S. to assess the proportion of core courses that highlight climate change or climate science. The probability that a student takes at least one climate-change course via the core curriculum is estimated at 0.17 across all...
Topics: Climate change, Climate denialism, Climate science, Core curriculum, Higher education,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The current golden standard for calculating the environmental impact of a product or process is the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach, leading to results in a large number of impact categories, such as climate change, acidification and toxicity. In the absence of information on which impact category to prioritize, alike products cannot easily be compared and judging environmental sustainability remains difficult. To facilitate transparent communication about the sustainability of products...
Topics: Environmental performance, Life cycle assessment, Planetary boundaries, Single score index,...
We propose a multicriteria decision-making framework to support strategic decisions in forest management, taking into account uncertainty due to climate change and sustainability goals. In our setting, uncertainty is modeled by means of climate change scenarios. The decision task is to define a harvest scheduling that addresses, simultaneously, conflicting objectives: the economic value of the strategy, the carbon sequestration, the water use efficiency for biomass production and the runoff...
Topics: Forestry management, Multicriteria optimization, OR in environment and climate change, Stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Koen J.J. Kuipers; Lauran F.C.M. van Oers; Miranda Verboon; Ester van der Voet
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Utilisation of resources is closely linked to population growth and economic and technological development. Hence, it is expected that global resource demand will increase substantially over the next decades. This resource challenge is currently partly addressed by the UNEP-IRP resource scenario activity, where metals, non-metallic minerals, and biomass resource availability and consumption scenarios are being developed. Advancements in the understanding of environmental impacts induced by...
Topics: Copper (Cu), Environmental assessment, Environmental impact, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Life...
In this paper, we survey the literature applying viability theory to the sustainable management of renewable resources. After a refresher on the main concepts of viability theory, we provide a general map of the contributions and next discuss them by area of application, including ecosystems and population biology, climate change, forestry and others. We conclude by pointing out issues that deserve more attention and should be part of a research agenda.
Topics: Climate change, Fisheries, Forests, Renewable resources, Sustainability, Viability theory
The paper explores the economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of producing second-generation biofuel in Italy from Brassica carinata, a non-edible flowering plant of the Brassicaceae family, in a context of rotation with wheat (and eventually other crops). The framework considered allows to rule out issues of ILUC and is highly relevant in a country where extensive monoculture is extremely widespread and there is a high degree of dependence on foreign imports for both biofuels...
Topics: Brassica carinata, Climate change, Land use change, Second-generation biodiesel production,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Bruno Bernardi; Giacomo Falcone; Teodora Stillitano; Souraya Benalia; Alfio Strano; Jacopo Bacenetti; Anna Irene De Luca
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The mechanization of farming operation plays an important role in improving the profitability of the agricultural sector by increasing work productivity and reducing production costs. However, the new challenges of agriculture also include the environmental issues. The choice between different alternatives to perform a determined agricultural practice should be based on reliable information, considering technical, economic and environmental aspects. Olive growing represents the most important...
Topics: Economic sustainability, Environmental impact, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Mechanical harvesting,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Carlos Gaete-Morales; Alejandro Gallego-Schmid; Laurence Stamford; Adisa Azapagic
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Around 40% of electricity in Chile is supplied by renewables and the rest by fossil fuels. Despite the growing electricity demand in the country, its environmental impacts are as yet unknown. To address this gap, the current study presents the first comprehensive assessment of the life cycle environmental sustainability of electricity generation in Chile. Both the individual sources and the electricity mix over the past 10 years are considered. The following sources present in the electricity...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental sustainability, Fossil fuels, LCA, Renewable technologies, Resource...
Historical perceptions, actions and reactions toward ecosystems are the central focus of this paper which aims also at a reflexion on how an early modern historian, facing evidence from a pre-statistical era, can debate environmental changes in coastal areas and the corresponding human response. The paper, focused on the case study of Vila do Conde (a Northern Portugal small coastal village highly involved in the Portuguese Overseas Expansion in the 16th century), will approach these questions...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal areas, Ecological sustainability, Environmental change, First Global Age...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Simon C. Parkinson; Marek Makowski; Volker Krey; Khaled Sedraoui; Ned Djilali
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Sustainable development objectives surrounding water and energy are interdependent, and yet the associated performance metrics are often distinct. Regional planners tasked with designing future supply systems therefore require multi-criteria analysis methods and tools to determine a suitable combination of technologies and scale of investments. Previous research focused on optimizing system development strategy with respect to a single design objective, leading to potentially negative outcomes...
Topics: Capacity expansion planning, Climate change mitigation, Energy systems analysis, Groundwater...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Alexandre Gori Maia; Bruno César Brito Miyamoto; Junior Ruiz Garcia
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Climate change is expected to cause several impacts on agriculture. Nonetheless, adaptive strategies and environmental sustainability may affect the ability to cope with these impacts. We analyze how agricultural technologies and the ecosystem diversity represented by the land cover have attenuated the impacts of extreme climate events on agricultural production in the São Paulo state, Brazil. Analyses are based on a panel with information for 568 municipalities between 1990 and 2014. We first...
Topics: Agricultural Production, Environmental Sustainability, Extreme Events, Production Practices
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ariane Goetz; Tim Searchinger; Tim Beringer; Laura German; Ben McKay; Gustavo de L.T. Oliveira; Carol Hunsberger
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The special issue Scaling up bioenergy? identifies major policy expectations attached to biofuels production worldwide, and it provides systematic reviews of actual biofuel performance and governance in these areas. Papers address the extent to which policy expectations related to climate change mitigation, energy security, rural livelihoods and risk mitigation have been achieved, and the effectiveness of public and private governance in advancing sector sustainability. Building on these...
Topics: Biofuels, Sustainability, Upscaling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Matthew I. England; Lindsay C. Stringer; Andrew J. Dougill; Stavros Afionis
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Promoting inclusive and sustainable economic and social development whilst simultaneously adapting to climate change impacts and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions – Climate Compatible Development (CCD) – requires coherent policy approaches that span multiple sectors. This paper develops and applies a qualitative content analysis to assess national sector policies of ten southern African countries to determine their approaches for water, agriculture, forestry and energy and their...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Document analysis, Mitigation, Sadc, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Antonios Konstantas; Harish K. Jeswani; Laurence Stamford; Adisa Azapagic
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This study evaluates life cycle environmental impacts associated with chocolate products made and consumed in the UK. The paper focuses on three representative chocolate products occupying 90% of the market: ‘moulded chocolate’, ‘chocolate countlines’ and ‘chocolates in bag’. The impacts were estimated using life cycle assessment (LCA) as a tool and following the ReCiPe impact assessment method. The water footprint was also considered. For example, the global warming potential...
Topics: Chocolate, Climate change, Environmental sustainability, Food supply chains, Life cycle assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Andrea Corona; Morten Ambye-Jensen; Giovanna Croxatto Vega; Michael Zwicky Hauschild; Morten Birkved
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The Green biorefinery (GBR) is a biorefinery concept that converts fresh biomass into value-added products. The present study combines a Process Flowsheet Simulation (PFS) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to evaluate the technical and environmental performance of different GBR configurations and the cascading utilization of the GBR output. The GBR configurations considered in this study, test alternatives in the three main steps of green-biorefining: fractionation, precipitation, and protein...
Topic: Sustainability
Transitioning electricity generation sectors to renewable energy is a necessary element of climate change mitigation but a challenging one with years of technical and social lock-in creating considerable inertia and a pace of change insufficient to meet the task. Transition management has emerged as a promising approach to proactively manage and accelerate transitions in sectors like energy and water and has the potential to do so in manner that would help secure energy justice. However, the...
Topics: Australia, Energy transformation, Just transitions, Renewable energy, Sustainability transitions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Mankind is facing huge challenges due to climate change and subnational actors are increasingly considered to be relevant actors in the energy transition. In this paper, we argue that the municipal level will play a crucial role in a rapidly changing energy system and that the impact of this development can be labelled disruptive if we apply an adapted definition of the term disruptiveness that refers to system change. We illustrate this based on the example of implementing renewable district...
Topics: Communities, Heat transition, Municipalities, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yonglong Lu; Jingjing Yuan; Xiaotian Lu; Chao Su; Yueqing Zhang; Chenchen Wang; Xianghui Cao; Jilan Su; Venugopalan Ittekkot; Richard Angus Garbutt; Simon Bush; Stephen Fletcher; Tonny Wagey; Anatolii Kachur; Neville Sweijd
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Coastal zone is of great importance in the provision of various valuable ecosystem services. However, it is also sensitive and vulnerable to environmental changes due to high human populations and interactions between the land and ocean. Major threats of pollution from over enrichment of nutrients, increasing metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and climate change have led to severe ecological degradation in the coastal zone, while few studies have focused on the combined impacts of...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal ecosystem, Coastal sustainability, Ecological impacts, Marine pollution
Nanotechnology presenting an inventive frontier in present day agricultural practices is expected to turn into a key force in future by contributing innovative applications. This new approach using nano-principles in agriculture has immense possibilities in handling the world wide challenges of environmental security and sustainability, food production, food safety, food security and global threats of climate change. Nanotechnology is very expansively used in contemporary fields of agriculture,...
Topics: Agriculture, Commercial, Nanotechnology, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the Global Mining Initiative, the mining industry came together to understand the industry's role in the transition to sustainable development and to ensure its long-term contribution. The industry has since then come a long way and improved its sustainable development performance in many areas. But how far has the industry been considering environmental (“strong”) sustainability in its approach? And how does this compare to companies in other sectors and leading organizations such as...
Topics: Mining, Natural capital, Planetary boundaries, SDGs, Weak and strong sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yeonjoo Kim; Inhye Kong; Hyesun Park; Heey Jin Kim; Ik Jae Kim; Myoung Jin Um; Pamela A. Green; Charles J. Vörösmarty
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Water resources have been threatened by climate change, increasing population, land cover changes in watersheds, urban expansion, and intensive use of freshwater resources. Thus, it is critical to understand the sustainability and security of water resources. This study aims to understand how we can adequately and efficiently quantify water use sustainability at both regional and global scales with an indicator-based approach. A case study of South Korea was examined with the framework widely...
Topics: Integrated index, Sustainability, Water security
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Salah L. Zubaidi; Jayne Dooley; Rafid M. Alkhaddar; Mawada Abdellatif; Hussein Al-Bugharbee; Sandra Ortega-Martorell
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Valid and dependable water demand prediction is a major element of the effective and sustainable expansion of municipal water infrastructures. This study provides a novel approach to quantifying water demand through the assessment of climatic factors, using a combination of a pretreatment signal technique, a hybrid particle swarm optimisation algorithm and an artificial neural network (PSO-ANN). The Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) technique was adopted to decompose and reconstruct water...
Topics: Melbourne, Neural network model, Particle swarm optimization, Singular spectrum analysis, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Massimiliano Agovino; Mariaconcetta Casaccia; Mariateresa Ciommi; Maria Ferrara; Katia Marchesano
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Agriculture and climate change are characterized by a complex cause-effect relationship. The agricultural sector generates significant quantities of gas emissions that affect climate. The rise in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the increase in temperatures as well as changes in the precipitation regime have repercussions on the volume, quality and stability of the agricultural and zoo technical production, but also on the natural environment in which agriculture is...
Topics: Panel data models, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Catalina Codruta Dobre; Joanne Vinke-de Kruijf; Luisa Moretto; Marco Ranzato
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Worldwide, conventional stormwater management policies and practices are under pressure due to the malfunctioning of existing urban drainage systems, population growth, urbanisation and climate change. In response to these developments, we have seen an increase in the development and uptake of alternative actions. These actions often involve physical infrastructure moving from the underground to the surface and an increase of stakeholder interactions and involvement. We draw upon the literature...
Topics: Alternative actions, Governance configuration, Sustainability transition, Urban stormwater...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jan Ossenbrink; Sveinbjoern Finnsson; Catharina R. Bening; Volker H. Hoffmann
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In the light of pressing societal challenges such as climate change and resource scarcity, scholars are increasingly interested in studying policy mixes in the context of sustainability transitions. However, despite numerous conceptual advances and empirical insights, researchers still lack universal criteria or accepted heuristics for delineating policy mixes in these complex policy spaces. We address this gap by conducting an extensive review of the literature, synthesizing best practices,...
Topics: Sustainability transitions, Technological change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Australian households are faced with rising energy costs and increasing occurrences of extreme weather events, such as hail storms and heat waves, due to the effect of climate change and influence of energy policies. Consequently, there has been increasing effort into designing homes and neighbourhoods that have built-in or retrofitted sustainable features such as solar panels to ensure that households are able to secure their own supply of electricity in times of shortages, as well as save on...
Topics: Communities, Green building, Resiliency, Social, Sustainability, Urban
Extreme weather events have been affecting local environmental sustainability. Previous literature in this field evaluates environmental sustainability based mainly on past and current resource consumption and availability, however, knowledge about the status and potential changes of environmental sustainability under future climate extremes is missing. This paper proposes an integrated approach (combining the Ecological Footprint Analysis with econometric regressions) to predict future...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological footprint analysis, Econometric regressions, Environmental...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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We report on an initiative that sought to negotiate the intersections of science, policy and practice through reconciling supply and demand (RSD) for research. We propose a synthesised framework that can be used to either inform or analyse the practice of RSD, then examine an Australia-wide program that was designed to link research with strategic regional planning for climate change adaptation in natural resource management. Cross-scale lessons from this endeavour at national (program), and...
Topics: Science policy, Sustainability science
Climate change has caused growing concern in the international community. The Kyoto Protocol was signed by a majority of the world with the clear intention of reducing emissions. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a part of the Kyoto Protocol and allows industrialized countries to reduce their emission by making contribution to developing countries. In this study, several research papers related to sustainability and multi-criteria analysis of energy projects were reviewed and classified...
Topics: Clean Development Mechanism, Concentrated Solar Power, Multi Criteria Decision Methods,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ignacio A. Fernández-Coppel; Anderson Barbosa-Evaristo; Adriana Corrêa-Guimarães; Jesús Martín-Gil; Luis M. Navas-Gracia; Pablo Martín-Ramos
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The 450 Scenario, which limits the increase in global average temperature to 2 °C, makes it necessary to take steps towards a low-carbon economy. Since the energy sector is a major contribution to anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the production of biofuels can play a key role in strategies aimed at climate change mitigation. In this regard, the oil derived from macauba palm (Acrocomia aculeata), mainly constituted of saturated organic chains, has been claimed to hold promise for...
Topics: Acrocomia aculeata, Brazil, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Macauba, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Leqi Fang; Shengli Tao; Jiangling Zhu; Yu Liu
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Lakes provide valuable water resources for people, life, and socioeconomic development in Northwestern China—a core region of the arid Central Asia where water is seriously deficient. In this study, we report the first investigation of the 30-year changes in all lakes larger than 1 km2 in Northwestern China and the associated driving forces. We found that the number of lakes increased from 121 to 135, and the total lake area increased from 5495 km2 to 6445 km2 in this region. However,...
Topics: Central Asia, Climate change, Lake, Sustainability, Water resource management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Food systems worldwide rely on water resources that are facing demand from a growing population while regional water supplies are increasingly uncertain due to climate change. In this environment, dietary changes may have the potential to reduce water used in food production. At the same time, it is well established that American diets need to change in order to align with Federal healthy eating guidelines. In this article, we examine if there are synergies between healthier diets and blue...
Topics: Blue water, Environmental input-output model, Food policy, Healthy diet, Sustainability, U.S. food...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Andra Blumberga; Gatis Bazbauers; Pål I. Davidsen; Dagnija Blumberga; Armands Gravelsins; Toms Prodanuks
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The need for substitution of fossil resources with renewable alternatives, for an efficient use of the bio-resources, and for the development of knowledge-intensive sustainable economies call for the design of policies to create and govern biotechonomic systems. The goal of this study is to create a tool to facilitate such policy design, - aimed at the development of biotechonomic systems by use of a system dynamics model. This model constitutes a general framework for the representation of...
Topics: Bio-economy, Bio-resources, Biotechonomy, Climate change, Renewable sources, Sustainability, System...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Marissa F. McBride; Matthew J. Duveneck; Kathleen F. Lambert; Kathleen A. Theoharides
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New England is a predominately forested landscape in which 80% of the forest is privately owned and patterns of land use are the result of diverse landowners acting individually in response to shifting social and economic conditions. In aggregate, perspectives of regional stakeholders can help to inform the challenges and opportunities related to achieving sustainable land-use at the landscape scale in regions like New England. We conducted structured interviews with stakeholders—largely...
Topics: Family forest owners, Landscape management, Non-industrial private forest owners, Private land...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Michael Child; Otto Koskinen; Lassi Linnanen; Christian Breyer
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Sustainability guardrails in global energy scenarios were reviewed and further developed based on a literature review of global energy system transition scenarios. Environmental planetary boundaries mark out the safe operation space for human activities. The planetary boundary framework has yet to be fully incorporated into global energy scenario modeling, where the emphasis has been almost solely on CO 2 emission mitigation. Stress on biochemical flows, land use change, biodiversity, ocean and...
Topics: Global energy scenarios, Planetary boundaries, Sustainability guardrails
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Enrico Marchi; Woodam Chung; Rien Visser; Dalia Abbas; Tomas Nordfjell; Piotr S. Mederski; Andrew McEwan; Michal Brink; Andrea Laschi
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The effective implementation of sustainable forest management depends largely on carrying out forest operations in a sustainable manner. Climate change, as well as the increasing demand for forest products, requires a re-thinking of forest operations in terms of sustainability. In this context, it is important to understand the major driving factors for the future development of forest operations that promote economic, environmental and social well-being. The main objective of this paper is to...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Equipment, Forest workers, Logging, Sustainability
The topics addressed in this paper concern the (much-needed) transition to sustainability and what role (innovation) policy can play in speeding up such changes. In their Discussion Paper Schot and Steinmueller (2018) argue that the existing theorizing and knowledge bases within the field of innovation studies are “unfit” for this task and that a totally new approach is required. This paper takes issue with this claim. Policy advice, it is argued, needs to be anchored in the accumulated...
Topics: Climate change, Innovation system, Mission-oriented policy, Sustainability, Transformative...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Pierre Mariotte; Zia Mehrabi; T. Martijn Bezemer; Gerlinde B. De Deyn; Barbara Drigo; G. F.(Ciska) Veen; Marcel G.A. van der Heijden; Paul Kardol
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In agricultural and natural systems researchers have demonstrated large effects of plant–soil feedback (PSF) on plant growth. However, the concepts and approaches used in these two types of systems have developed, for the most part, independently. Here, we present a conceptual framework that integrates knowledge and approaches from these two contrasting systems. We use this integrated framework to demonstrate (i) how knowledge from complex natural systems can be used to increase agricultural...
Topics: biodiversity conservation, climate change, crop rotation, plant root traits, productivity,...
The increasing costs of energy and water, fossil fuel depletion, and food shortages caused by climate change challenge long-term sustainability of food, energy, and water (FEW) systems. In working toward sustainable development, a fundamental question for deciding on whether and how to invest in FEW systems is “how sustainable FEW systems are?”. In order to measure sustainability across the FEW systems, an integrated sustainability index (SI) is developed. The SI is comprised of three...
Topics: Energy, Food, Quantitative modeling, Sustainability, Water
Cities can play a key role in the low-carbon transition, with an increasing number of cities engaging in carbon mitigation actions. The literature on urban low-carbon transition shows that low-carbon urban development is an inevitable trend of urban sustainable future; there is a great potential albeit with some limitations for cities to reduce its carbon footprints, and there are diverse pathways for cities to achieve low-carbon development. There is, however, a limited understanding in terms...
Topics: Cities and climate change, Enabling mechanisms, Low-carbon city, Low-carbon policy, Nested...
This is a report on the 2018 Ceres Conference that took place from April 24 to 26 at the Park Plaza Hotel in Boston, MA. The conference theme was “Scale Up!” while the discussion centered mainly around the “We Are Still In!” movement that has emerged after the pull-out of the Paris Climate Agreement by the Trump administration. The conference was mainly attended by institutional investors, company executives and capital market leaders as well as NGOs and academics. The conference...
Topics: Climate action, Climate goals, Green investors, Paris Climate Agreement, Sustainability
As a major component of land ecological systems, vegetation is generally considered a sensitive indicator of climate change. This study makes use of GIMMS-NDVI3g, as well as conventional climate data observed on the ground by the China Meteorological Administration, to study the spatio-temporal variations and driving factors of vegetation cover during the period from 1982 to 2013 in the “mountain-oasis-desert” coupled system of Xinjiang and its 11 sub-systems including mountains, oasis,...
Topics: "GIMMS-NDVI3g, Tendency, sustainability, Variability, Vegetation cover"
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Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an important tool to evaluate environmental ‘hot spots’ in livestock systems and recommend production improvements. However, it is common for livestock LCA to investigate only a narrow subset of environmental impacts to simplify results for decision-makers, which makes it difficult to fully understand the tradeoffs among environmental impacts and identify the most relevant mitigation options. We completed a systematic review of the livestock LCA literature to...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas, Impact categories, Life cycle assessment, Livestock, Sustainability
Steering the course of climate change will require coordination and collective action between nations, which are directed not only by the interests of their political leaders and elites but also the values of citizens. Previous studies have investigated macro-level factors that help explain international differences in general environmental concern. The present article draws on the sixth wave of the World Values Survey, which offers researchers an even starker outcome measure than general...
Topic: Sustainability
This commentary relates findings reported in this collection to personal and collective experiences within ECOLISE, a unique experiment in creating a common platform for networking, collaboration, learning and policy influence representing multiple national and international networks of CBIs. The establishment of ECOLISE has raised numerous challenges identical or parallel to those faced by CBIs and reported elsewhere in this collection: risks of co-optation by established policy actors, the...
Topics: Community, Community-Based Initiatives, Sustainability, Sustainability Transitions
Alternative jet fuels are one of the four mechanisms by the United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to limit and reduce carbon emissions from international aviation. By using Carol Bacchi's what's the problem represented to be? method of discourse analysis, the objective of this paper was to identify and understand the premises and effects of the problem-solving paradigm underlying ICAO's alternative jet fuel strategy. As a result, three problem representations were...
Topics: Alternative jet fuels, Climate change, International aviation, Policy analysis, Weak sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Camila Fernandes Ribeiro Machado; Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo; José Luiz de Medeiros; Rita Maria de Brito Alves
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The chemical industry share of environmental impacts derives predominantly from the use of non-renewable feedstocks and inefficient use of mass and energy, resulting in atmospheric emissions, especially carbon dioxide, which is the main cause of global warming and climate change and expressive generation of wastes. Rather than treating carbon dioxide as waste, it can be regarded as an alternative chemical feedstock for synthesis of fuels and chemicals. Using carbon dioxide as a renewable and...
Topics: Carbon dioxide chemistry, Carbon dioxide utilization, Chemical process integration, Green...
Biofuels are considered as an alternative to partially replace fossil fuels and mitigate climate change effects. A life cycle assessment of second generation ethanol, derived from banana agricultural wastes, was developed to assess its environmental sustainability and demonstrate its capacity of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The methodological approach was conducted in a Well-to-Wheel perspective, using as functional unit 1 MJ of energy released in the combustion of bioethanol in a...
Topics: Banana waste, Life cycle assessment, Lignocellulosic biomass, Second generation bioethanol,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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During the last few years the world has witnessed severe climatic conditions, be it in the form of unprecedented droughts or devastating floods, tornadoes, landslides along with major earthquakes and Tsunamis. Are these natural calamities natural and normal or are these the manifestation of man's adverse impact on the environment? If the nature and frequency of numerous geo-climatic upheavals that the earth is experiencing is compared to the worst case scenario of the climate change advocates,...
Topics: Ecological sustainability, Ecology, Sustainability, Traditional wisdom