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Folkscanomy Miscellaneous
by Kevin Savetz and FAXTOY Users
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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. Frappart; P. Azemar; P. L. Vu; T. Le Toan; B. Lubac; J. Darrozes
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Lakes and reservoirs have been identified as sentinels of climate change. Tonle Sap is the largest lake in both the Mekong Basin and Southeast Asia and because of the importance of its ecosystem, it is has been described as the “heart of the lower Mekong”. Its seasonal cycle depends on the annual flood pulse governed by the flow of the Mekong River. This study provides an impact analysis of recent climatic events from El Niño 1997/1998 to El Niño 2015/2016 on surface storage variations in...
Topics: ENSO, EVI, Mekong Basin, Monsoon, Multi-satellite, PDO, Rainfall, Surface water storage
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaoyu Wang; Tao Li; Lizhi Wang; Xiaoguang Yang; Tianyi Zhang; Zhijuan Liu; Erjing Guo; Ziqi Liu; Huihui Qu; Xi Chen; Hongtao Xiang; Yongcai Lai
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Northeast China (NEC) is one of the most important rice production areas in China, accounting for approximately 15% of its total national rice production, and is one of the regions most vulnerable to global climate change. Knowing crops’ potential yields is crucial to understanding comparisons of different cultivars, crops and environments as well as plausible future increases and limits to crop yields. To mitigate the impacts of climate change and enhance food security, investigating yield...
Topics: Agroclimatic zones, Climate change, ORYZA (v3) crop model, Rice, Yield constraints, Yield gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In an effort to address climate change, in 2013 China launched the world's largest government-driven carbon emission reduction programme, the National Low Carbon Industrial Parks Pilot Programme (LCIPPP). This paper analyses this newly developed pilot program. To deepen our understanding of the causes and the impact of industrial park CO 2 emissions, we use the STIRPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology) model and data from 20 pilot industrial parks...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Low carbon industrial park, STIRPAT model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charlotte Rachael Hopkins; David Mark Bailey; Tavis Potts
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As international pressure for marine protection has increased, Scotland has increased spatial protection through the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) network. Few MPA networks to date have included specific considerations of climate change in the design, monitoring or management of the network. The Scottish MPA network followed a feature-led approach to identify a series of MPAs across the Scottish marine area and incorporated the diverse views of many different stakeholders. This...
Topics: Climate change, Delphi technique, MPA management, Marine protected area network, Scotland
Transitioning food, energy and water systems for adaptation and mitigation of climate change is a challenge requiring social as well as technological solutions. The best technological solutions will only be effective if combined with behavior changes placing climate change at the forefront of our socio-cultural consciousness. Education is central in creating such a shift. Climate researchers have an important role in aiding the uptake of climate change education in U.S. public schools, where...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy and pedagogy, Science communication, Social behavior...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Filomena Pietrapertosa; Valeriy Khokhlov; Monica Salvia; Carmelina Cosmi
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Building a climate-ready adaptation society is an urgent question that cannot be postponed. Along the path towards an increase in climate resilience, a stimulating role is played by EU projects as well as by international climate networks such as the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation (Mayors Adapt), launched in 2014, and the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy which “pledge to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and to adopt an integrated approach...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, National adaptation action plan, National adaptation strategy, South...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jingyi Huang; Budiman Minasny; Alex B. McBratney; José Padarian; John Triantafilis
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Much research has been conducted to understand the spatial distribution of soil carbon stock and its temporal dynamics. However, an agreement has not been reached on whether increasing global temperature has a positive or negative feedback on soil carbon stocks. By analysing global maps of soil organic carbon (SOC) using a spherical wavelet analysis, it was found that the correlation between SOC and soil temperature at the regional scale was negative between 52° N and 40° S parallels and...
Topics: Carbon pool, Carbon sink, Climate change, Soil forming factor, Soil variability
The transformation of natural landscapes into impervious built-up surfaces through urbanization is known to significantly interfere with the ecological integrity of urban landscapes and accelerate climate change and associated impacts. Although urban reforestation is widely recognised as an ideal mitigation practice against these impacts, it often has to compete with other lucrative land uses within an urban area. The often limited urban space provided for reforestation therefore necessitates...
Topics: Elevation, Partial least squares regression, Slope, Topographic wetness index, Urban ecological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With deepening concerns over climate change, policymakers, electric utilities, environmentalists and others are increasingly championing the idea of ‘electrification,’ or the replacement of fossil fuels with electricity for direct end uses like transportation and space heating. The electric industry sees electrification as an opportunity for revitalizing sales and revenues. The focus of this paper is on consumer behavior and its nexus with public policy for advancing electrification.
Topics: Behavioral economics, Customer behavior, Economic issues, Electrification, Electrification gap,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jay J. Van Bavel; Andrea Pereira
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Democracies assume accurate knowledge by the populace, but the human attraction to fake and untrustworthy news poses a serious problem for healthy democratic functioning. We articulate why and how identification with political parties – known as partisanship – can bias information processing in the human brain. There is extensive evidence that people engage in motivated political reasoning, but recent research suggests that partisanship can alter memory, implicit evaluation, and even...
Topics: attention, group identity, memory, partisanship, perception, reasoning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Weichao Guo; Hongyan Liu; Oleg A. Anenkhonov; Huailiang Shangguan; Denis V. Sandanov; Andrey Yu Korolyuk; Guozheng Hu; Xiuchen Wu
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Permafrost contains twice as much carbon as the atmosphere and the degradation of permafrost due to climatic warming, which could potentially change the global carbon cycle and could also enhance global climate change. It is well studied that permafrost degradation could result in vegetation transition. Aboveground vegetation can act as a buffer for climatic warming, however its role in regulating permafrost degradation remains unclear. In this study we examined how different vegetation types...
Topics: Freeze-thaw, Permafrost degradation, Snow accumulation, Vegetation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mikko Peltoniemi; Mika Aurela; Kristin Böttcher; Pasi Kolari; John Loehr; Tatu Hokkanen; Jouni Karhu; Cemal Melih Tanis; Sari Metsämäki; Juha Pekka Tuovinen; Timo Vesala; Ali Nadir Arslan
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Ecosystems’ potential to provide services, e.g. to sequester carbon, is largely driven by the phenological cycle of vegetation. Timing of phenological events is required for understanding and predicting the influence of climate change on ecosystems and to support analyses of ecosystem functioning. Analyses of conventional camera time series mounted near vegetation has been suggested as a means of monitoring phenological events and supporting wider monitoring of phenological cycle of biomes...
Topics: Birch, Budburst, Camera, Monitoring, Phenology, Time lapse
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julia de Frutos Cachorro; Anne Gobin; Jeroen Buysse
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Few studies have addressed the topic of farmers' adaptation to climate change from a multidisciplinary perspective, because of the difficulty in assessing their impacts. In view of the growing concern in the agricultural sector on this issue, we analyzed farm-level adaptation through arable land-use changes in the specific case of the Loam region in Belgium. With this aim, we used an agro-economic model which considered 20-year series of current and projected simulated yields with and without...
Topics: Agro-economic model, Climate change, Crop choices, Farmers' adaptation, Irrigation
CO2 capture in the spray tower using aqueous ammonia solution has been proved a potential approach for the post-combustion CO2 capture. To improve the performance of spray absorption, a new three-dimensional numerical model integrating the complex gas-liquid hydrodynamics and the chemistry of the NH3-CO2-H2O system has been proposed and developed in this paper. In the model, the gas-liquid hydrodynamics was simulated using the Euler-Lagrange method, while the chemistry of the NH3-CO2-H2O...
Topics: Multiphase, Post-combustion CO2capture, Spray tower
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salvador Guzmán-Sánchez; Daniel Jato-Espino; Ignacio Lombillo; Jose Manuel Diaz-Sarachaga
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The sustainability of cities is being influenced by their roofs, which cover a high proportion of built-up areas and whose design is crucial to control their economic, environmental and social impacts in a context of urban sprawl and Climate Change. For this reason, this research developed a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methodology combining the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to support the selection...
Topics: Climate scenarios, Expert judgment, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Sustainability
The ambitious goals to limit global warming can only be reached with a broad acceptance and participation of the general public. This paper relies on surveys among citizens in China, Germany and the U.S. and investigates the determinants of the acceptance of national and international adaptation and mitigation efforts. The empirical findings indicate that specific beliefs and environmental awareness are important drivers in all three countries, while political attitudes and socio-economic...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Mitigation, Policy preferences
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Helen K. Green; Obaghe Edeghere; Alex J. Elliot; Ingemar J. Cox; Roger Morbey; Richard Pebody; Angie Bone; Rachel A. McKendry
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One of the implications of climate change is a predicted increase in frequent and severe heatwaves. The impact of heatwaves on the health of the population is captured through real-time syndromic healthcare surveillance systems monitored daily in England during the summer months. Internet search data could potentially provide improved timeliness and help to assess the wider population health impact of heat by capturing a population sub-group who are symptomatic but do not seek healthcare. A...
Topics: Heat-related illness, Heat-waves, Public health, Syndromic surveillance, Temperature
Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) influence policymaking in states by devising and promoting policy ideas. In this study, we examine to what extent a set of IGOs make normative commitments to integrate environmental concerns as well as to contrast this commitment to environmental policy integration (EPI) with climate policy integration (CPI) and energy policy integration (EnPI). Which characteristics of an IGO increase its likelihood to make a normative commitment to EPI? Do...
Topics: Climate, Energy, Environment, Intergovernmental organizations, Policy integration
In the floodplains of Bolivia's western highlands, or Altiplano, farmers, herders, and fishers maintain their livelihoods at water-land interfaces that are riddled with disaster risk. This paper draws on 13 months of fieldwork in the region as well as contemporary press accounts to explore water-land disasters in the Desaguadero River floodplain and Lake Poopó watershed. My analysis builds on Henri Lefebvre's notion of rhythm to articulate a “politics of cyclic dissonance” – struggles...
Topics: Bolivia, Climate change, Drought, Flood, Lake Poopó, Water
This study focuses on two different but interlinked lines of evidence that critically examine land surface processes contributing to the formation of desert pavements in the central Sahara. (1) Soil pedostratigraphies from the Messak plateau (SW Libya) illustrate phases of land surface stability and instability that reflect humid and arid phases of Quaternary climate, respectively. (2) The density and morphologies of surface lithic scatters in the same region were re-examined, based on data...
Topics: Libya, Lithic scatters, Quaternary climate change, Soil stratigraphy, Ventifacts
The so-called Paris Agreement, signed by 195 countries, has led to the setting of some ambitious target reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by most developed countries. The over-arching goal of those reduction targets is to limit global warming to less than 2oC compared to pre-industrial levels. Yet, despite these commitments from the highest governance levels, there is still no deterministic model on how these national target reductions will be cascaded down to the commercial sector, which...
Topics: Automotive industry, Carbon cap and trade, Carbon tax, Cleaner production, Climate change, Emission...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Changhang Li; Hongtao Bai; Yuanye Lu; Jinghong Bian; Yan Dong; He Xu
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More methanol is produced and used in China than in any other country. China has a great deal of coal, less oil, and little gas, so the Chinese government is enthusiastically developing the coal-based chemical industry, of which coal-based methanol production is an important part. Coal-based methanol production strongly affects the environment, so the environmental impacts of coal-based methanol production processes must be assessed. Here, two life-cycle assessment models are established using...
Topics: China, Coal coking technology (CCT), Coal gasification technology (CGT), Coal-based methanol...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. F.T. de Souza; B. P. de Oliveira; J. T.V. Ferrer; S. A. Pacca
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Sub-national and regional greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation policies are being stimulated by the Paris Agreement. Several low carbon studies have been conducted for important emitters such as California State in the US and Chinese provinces. At the same time, carbon mitigation studies have focused on the industrial sector, especially in developing countries. In comparison to the national scenario, the Sao Paulo state in Brazil shows a distinct emission profile. The industry in Sao Paulo is...
Topics: Brazil, Climate change mitigation, Consumption-based CO2 emissions, Industry, Marginal abatement...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Scott Holladay; Mohammed Mohsin; Shreekar Pradhan
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We develop a two-good general equilibrium model of a small open economy to decompose the effect of a country's unilateral strengthening of environmental policy on pollution emissions in the rest of the world, known as emissions leakage. We show analytically and numerically that the level of emissions leakage depends on the level of trade friction in the service sector. In the model, production in the manufacturing sector is associated with pollution emissions, and production in the service...
Topics: Climate change, Emissions leakage, Trade costs, Trade in services
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Farming sugarcane, as a renewable source of ethanol for use as a fuel, is a common practice in Brazilian agriculture. Despite being renewable, whether ethanol use actually reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions depends on how the sugarcane is produced. Studies have shown that land use changes due to sugarcane farming are responsible for a substantial amount of the carbon emitted into the atmosphere, and may be equivalent to, or even greater than, the great “villains” of global warming–the...
Topics: Carbon stock, GIS, Pastures, Sugarcane
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Future changes in rainfall patterns induced by climate changes will affect society and ecosystems, and quantifying these changes is of utmost importance for the management of hydroclimate risk. In particular, the estimation of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves for rainfall data is a routine procedure in urban hydrology and hydraulic studies and should be revisited to reflect future changes in rainfall variability. In this work, we propose a novel methodology based on the...
Topics: Bayesian model, Climate change, Intensity-Duration-Frequency curves, Rainfall, Regional estimates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Looking only at climate change impacts provides partial information about a changing hydrologic regime. Understanding the spatio-temporal nature of change in hydrologic processes, and the explicit contributions from both climate and land use drivers, holds more practical value for water resources management and policy intervention. This study presents a comprehensive assessment on the spatio-temporal trend of Blue Water (BW) and Green Water (GW) in a 490,000 km2 temperate mid-latitude basin...
Topic: SWAT
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrew Cogswell; Blair J.W. Greenan; Philip Greyson
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The potential benefits of using a geometric mean method for computing a vulnerability index are presented using both simulated variables as well as data from a Canadian coastal geodatabase (CanCoast). The assessment of vulnerability of natural and built coastal infrastructure to sea level rise is used to demonstrate the advantages of this method for climate change adaptation planning and decision-making. As with most real world datasets the probability distribution of individual variables in...
Topics: CVI, Coastal vulnerability, Geometric mean, Risk assessment, Vulnerability index
Background: Climate change has an important impact on health, particularly in children. Therefore, the inclusion of environmental issues in the undergraduate nursing curriculum is essential. Knowledge and skills in environmental sustainability can be measured through questionnaires. Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Children's Environmental Health Knowledge Questionnaire (ChEHK-Q) and the Children's Environmental Health Skills Questionnaire (ChEHS-Q) to measure...
Topics: Environmental health, Nursing students, Pediatric nursing, Questionnaire
Drought is a complex natural hazard that may have destructive damages on societal properties and even lives. Generally, socioeconomic drought occurs when water resources systems cannot meet water demand, mainly due to a weather-related shortfall in water supply. This study aims to propose a new method, a heuristic method, and a new index, the socioeconomic drought index (SEDI), for identifying and evaluating socioeconomic drought events on different severity levels (i.e., slight, moderate,...
Topics: A heuristic method, Climate change, East River basin, Reservoir operation, Socioeconomic drought...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Saowanit Prabnakorn; Shreedhar Maskey; F. X. Suryadi; Charlotte de Fraiture
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Rice yields in Thailand are among the lowest in Asia. In northeast Thailand where about 90% of rice cultivation is rain-fed, climate variability and change affect rice yields. Understanding climate characteristics and their impacts on the rice yield is important for establishing proper adaptation and mitigation measures to enhance productivity. In this paper, we investigate climatic conditions of the past 30 years (1984–2013) and assess the impacts of the recent climate trends on rice yields...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate variability, Mun River Basin, Rice yield, SPEI, Thailand
As one of the most populous countries, China has policies protecting the amount of land available for crop production, but it does not consider the quality of land. Thus, an important issue is the impact on crop production by land use change under such policies and by notable climate variability during the past decades. Using a productivity attenuation method, we estimated the climatic productivity of winter wheat (WWCP) in the North China Plain, based on land use classification data and daily...
Topics: Agriculture and land policy, Climatic productivity, Crop modelling, Impact and adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gabriela Bonassa; Lara Talita Schneider; Victor Bruno Canever; Paulo André Cremonez; Elisandro Pires Frigo; Jonathan Dieter; Joel Gustavo Teleken
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Sustainability is a major goal for the country development without negative effects on climate change, allied to scarcity and instability in the fossil fuels prices, makes attractive the use of several agricultural, forestry and industrial biomass which may undergo combustion processes for the production of renewable energy, either in its in natural form, pressed into dense pellets or briquettes, or after thermochemical conversion through gasification, pyrolysis, liquefaction, carbonization,...
Topics: Biomass, Energy crops, Lignocellulosic feedstock, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qing Miao; Mary K. Feeney; Fengxiu Zhang; Eric W. Welch; P. S. Sriraj
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The increase in extreme weather events due to climate change poses serious challenges to public transit systems. These events disrupt transit operations, impair service quality, increase threats to public safety, and damage infrastructure. Despite the growing risk of extreme weather and climate change, little is known about how public managers recognize, experience and address these risks. Using data from a national study of public transit agencies we investigate the types of extreme weather...
Topics: Extreme weather, Public transit, Risk perceptions
This paper investigates disaster adaptation investments made by two ports competing for shippers in a common hinterland. Each port is a landlord type, consisting of a port authority and a terminal operator that both maximize profits. The probability of a natural disaster, which is related to climate change, is ambiguous at the start of an adaptation investment (Knightian uncertainty), but will be known after the lengthy investment. We examine the impacts of such Knightian uncertainty,...
Topics: Climate change, Inter- and Intra-port cooperation, Knightian uncertainty, Natural disaster, Port...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chiu Chuen Onn; Suhana Koting; Ahmad Faiz Abd Rashid; Mohamed Rehan Karim; Sumiani Yusoff
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Since 2012, the government has been promoting the electric vehicles and the development of related infrastructure to encourage local automakers to explore into the alternatively powered vehicles. However, the benefits of grid-dependent EVs can only be harvested under the condition that their use is coupled with a low carbon electricity grid. Thus, it is an additional challenge for Malaysia's that are largely dependent on fossil fuels for electricity generation. The object of this paper is to...
Topics: Developing country, Electric vehicle, Global warming potential, Greenhouse gas emissions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sharon Pailler; Magda Tsaneva
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Climate variability has been shown to have adverse effects on morbidity and mortality. Less is known about its effects on psychological well-being, especially in developing countries with agriculture-based economies. In this paper, we test whether extreme temperature and precipitation in India have an effect on self-reported depression symptoms, cognitive and sleep difficulties, and ability to cope with and control life. We use time and geographic variation in weather and show that hot weather...
Topics: Climate variability, India, Psychological well-being
How different groups perceive climate-related problems and changes is of growing interest in research and practice, especially in relation to the adaptation of vulnerable communities to climate change. However, research on local climate perceptions to date has tended to focus on what changes are perceived, not on how those changes are interpreted in particular socio-cultural contexts and given meaning within local worldviews and systems of values and beliefs. Based on fieldwork in agro-pastoral...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Indigenous worldviews, Latin America, Narratives, Peru, Religious beliefs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debjani Sihi; Eric A. Davidson; Min Chen; Kathleen E. Savage; Andrew D. Richardson; Trevor F. Keenan; David Y. Hollinger
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Heterotrophic respiration (Rh), microbial processing of soil organic matter to carbon dioxide (CO2), is a major, yet highly uncertain, carbon (C) flux from terrestrial systems to the atmosphere. Temperature sensitivity of Rh is often represented with a simple Q10 function in ecosystem models and earth system models (ESMs), sometimes accompanied by an empirical soil moisture modifier. More explicit representation of the effects of soil moisture, substrate supply, and their interactions with...
Topics: Climate change, DAMM, FöBAAR, Q10, Soil carbon, Soil respiration
In recent decades, agricultural production is being affected by a sharp increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration. Due to the greenhouse effect gases, crops are impacted by enhanced temperatures and concomitantly by increased scarce water availability. All arid and semiarid areas, including Mediterranean viticulture, must face these three climate change-related factors: atmospheric CO2 concentration and temperature increases, and scarce water for irrigation. Scarce water is a problem even in...
Topic: Water deficit
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and salinisation present substantial challenges to the sustainability of cropping systems in south-west coastal Bangladesh. This is the third paper in a series reporting a study to assess the impacts of climate change and salinity on the productivity and economic viability of ten current and potential rice-based cropping systems in two coastal villages in Khulna District. In this paper, possible adaptations are assessed, including novel dry-season crops, changed fertilizer use,...
Topics: Salinization, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tien Dung Khong; Michael D. Young; Adam Loch; Jayanthi Thennakoon
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Sea level rise and upstream development is causing salinity intrusion in Vietnam's Mekong River Delta (MRD) and, as a consequence, agricultural productivity is declining. As the Vietnamese government and local communities search for a solution, it has become apparent that there are insufficient public resources to build the dykes necessary to control this problem. So, we employ a referendum contingent valuation methodology (CVM) to determine whether or not farm households might be willing to...
Topics: Climate change, Referendum, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Weiqi Wang; Chun Wang; Jordi Sardans; Chuan Tong; Linmei Ouyang; Dolores Asensio; Albert Gargallo-Garriga; Josep Peñuelas
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Projections of climate change impacts over the coming decades suggest that rising sea level will flood coastal wetlands. We studied the impacts of three intensities of flooding on litter decomposition in the native Cyperus malaccensis, and the invasives Spartina alterniflora and Phragmites australis in Shanyutan wetland (Minjiang River estuary, China). Invasive species had larger C, N and P stocks in plant-litter compartments and higher fluxes among plant-litter-soil, which increased with...
Topics: Carbon, China, Climate change, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Plant invasion, Sea level, Stoichiometry,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael Gross
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Ahead of the 24th annual global summit on climate change, science provides ever more detailed and reliable scenarios of the catastrophic damage that the ongoing man-made climate change is going to cause in the years to come. However, people with the power to do something about it still don’t take much notice, and denialists even win elections. Michael Gross reports.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danhong Wang; Jonas Landolt; Georgios Mavromatidis; Kristina Orehounig; Jan Carmeliet
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This paper presents the building stock model CESAR (Combined Energy Simulation And Retrofitting), which is based on bottom-up modelling methodology for the development of sustainable energy transformation strategies for the buildings in Swiss districts. CESAR is composed of two sub-models: a Demand Model (DM) and a Retrofitting Model (RM). The DM is tasked with identifying the current energy demand of buildings in districts. It builds on geo-referenced information and available census data, and...
Topics: Dynamic building simulation, Neighbourhood, Retrofitting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lisa Westerhoff; Stephen R.J. Sheppard; Deepti Mathew Iype; Shirlene Cote
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Substantial public engagement in and support for climate action is needed to prevent the worst impacts of climate change from occurring. Efforts to boost such engagement can be collectively referred to as “social mobilization” initiatives, which can take a number of forms, from government-led planning processes to neighbourhood-scale grassroots initiatives. Such programs hold significant promise in their ability to lower perceptual barriers about climate change and increase motivation for...
Topics: Digital media, Energy, Public engagement, Social mobilization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kalliopi Mylona; Petros Maragkoudakis; Anne Katrin Bock; Jan Wollgast; Sandra Caldeira; Franz Ulberth
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The possible implications of global trends such as climate change and resource scarcity on food security are high on the political agendas. While the food sufficiency aspect of food security takes centre-stage, the future of food safety and nutritional quality of diets often seems to be taken for granted. This paper builds on the results of a foresight study on EU food safety and nutrition towards 2050 to discuss potential future points of tension for food policy. Increasing food production...
Topics: Challenges, Food safety, Foresight, Nutrition, Preparedness, Trade-offs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Golam Saleh Ahmed Salem; So Kazama; Shamsuddin Shahid; Nepal C. Dey
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The objective of the present study was to assess the impacts of climate change on irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region in northwest Bangladesh. An ensemble of general circulation model (GCMs) were used for the projection of climate, an empirical hydrological model based on support vector machine (SVM) was used to simulate groundwater level from climatic variables, and a multiple-linear regression (MLR) model was used to estimate the irrigation cost due to the changes in...
Topics: Global circulation model, Groundwater level, Irrigation cost
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Camila R. Guetter; Marion C. Henry; Marie Crandall; Mecker G. Möller; Janet Elizabeth Tuttle-Newhall; Sharon Stein
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Background: Climate change will affect most populations in the next decades and put the health of billions of people at risk. Health care facilities represent a significant source of pollution around the world and contribute to environmental changes. To address this topic, we performed a review of the available literature on tactics to reduce operating room (OR) waste and the potential of these strategies to impact the environment. Data Sources: A literature search was performed querying...
Topics: Climate change, Global surgery, Global warming, Operating room waste reduction, Recycling,...
Over the last few decades, global warming is prompting phenological changes in numerous plant species across Europe, and a trend towards rising airborne pollen concentrations has been detected. This study, focused on the most frequent pollen types from arboreal and herbaceous species in the airborne spectrum of Jaen (southern Spain), revealed significant changes in airborne pollen intensity and duration of the pollen season over the 23-year study period. Here Cupressaceae, Olea, Pinus,...
Topics: Airborne pollen, Climate change, Pollen season, Temperature, Trend
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. M. Thompson; B. H. Coe; R. M. Andrews; D. F. Stauffer; D. A. Cristol; D. A. Crossley; W. A. Hopkins
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Habitat loss and pollution are two of the greatest global threats to biodiversity. Due to their widespread prevalence, these threats often co-occur, yet their interactive effects on organisms remain poorly understood. Some reptiles are vulnerable to these threats because they have specific microclimate requirements for embryonic development and because pollutants are maternally transferred to their eggs; both incubation temperature and pollutants affect reptile sex determination. In aquatic...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate change, Fluctuating temperature, Mercury, Nest microclimate, Turtle
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna C. Hurlimann; Geoffrey R. Browne; Georgia Warren-Myers; Valerie Francis
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It is increasingly recognised that the risks associated with climate change must be addressed through both mitigation and adaptation. Buildings are vulnerable to climate change risk and are also the source of a significant proportion of greenhouse gas emissions which contribute to climate change. The construction industry has significant potential to facilitate adaptation through actions that both reduce its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions across the construction and building...
Topics: Adaptation barriers, Built environment, Climate change, Construction industry, Construction...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xin Ying Kong; Boon Junn Ng; Kok Hong Tan; Xiaofang Chen; Huanting Wang; Abdul Rahman Mohamed; Siang Piao Chai
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Under the tremendous pressure of imminent energy crisis and anthropogenic climate change, photocatalytic conversion of abandoned CO2 into energy-rich hydrocarbon fuels is highly desirable. However, this solar-to-fuel conversion is unavoidably suppressed by the fast recombination of electron-hole pairs and lack of stability of photocatalysts. To overcome this, we have developed ultrathin BiOBr nanosheets (BOB-NS) with primarily exposed {001} facets. The {001} facets of BOB-NS are comprised of...
Topics: CO2 reduction, Long-term stability, Oxygen vacancy defects, Photocatalysis, Ultrathin BiOBr...
Different land cover futures will have contrasting implications for cities working to adapt to the changing climate. This paper explores this issue, reporting on the application of a scenario-based land use modelling case study focused on Greater Manchester in North West England. It highlights that the interplay between varied drivers of change has the potential to generate contrasting land cover futures for the city-region, which will in turn influence climate change adaptation prospects. The...
Topics: Adaptive capacity, Climate change, Green infrastructure, Land use change, Scenarios, Urban
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Peraza-Castro; E. Ruiz-Romera; M. Meaurio; S. Sauvage; J. M. Sánchez-Pérez
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The separate and combined effects of climate change and forest clearcutting on discharge, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and particulate organic carbon (POC) load at a seasonal and annual scale were evaluated for the Oka catchment. Compared to the baseline scenario (1970–2000), climate change displayed a decrease in annual rainfall (RCP4.5: 27% and RCP8.5: 28%) and an increase in mean temperature (12% for both emission scenarios). Together with the decrease in rainfall, a decrease in...
Topics: Climate change, Forest clearcutting, Hydrological modelling, SWAT
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Uttam Babu Shrestha; Krishna Prasad Sharma; Anjana Devkota; Mohan Siwakoti; Bharat Babu Shrestha
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The biological invasions have been increasing at multiple spatial scales and the management of invasive alien species is becoming more challenging due to confounding effects of climate change on the distribution of those species. Identification of climatically suitable areas for invasive alien species and their range under future climate change scenarios are essential for long-term management planning of these species. Using occurrence data of six of the most problematic invasive alien plants...
Topics: BIOMOD, Biological invasions, Climate suitability, RCP 4.5, Species distribution modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marie Maar; Martin Mørk Larsen; Ditte Tørring; Jens Kjerulf Petersen
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Farming of suspended mussels is important for generating high protein food and animal feed or for removing nutrients in eutrophic systems. However, the harvested mussels must not be severely contaminated by pollutants posing a potential health risk for the consumers. The present study estimated the bioaccumulation of cadmium, copper, nickel, lead and zinc in suspended blue mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) in the Limfjorden, Denmark, based on observations and modelling. Modelling was used to assess...
Topics: Aquaculture, Benthic mussels, Climate change, EU Water Framework Directive, Limfjorden, Metals,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanhong Zhu; Hongliang Zhang; Xingang Liu; Hong Liao; Zhenxin Liu; Yuhao Mao; Hao Fang; Jianlin Hu
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Particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere has adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, and visibility. It also plays an important role in meteorology and climate change. A good understanding of its sources is essential for effective emission controls to reduce PM and to protect public health. In this study, a total of 239 PM source apportionment studies in China published during 1987–2017 were reviewed. The documents studied include peer-reviewed papers in international and Chinese...
Topics: China, PM 2.5, receptor models, regional variations
The European Union (EU) has recently reformed its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and, in parallel, has completely abolished the production quotas for milk. These changes will have important consequences for the use of land, of inputs (i.e., water and chemicals) and on the economic performance of rural areas. It is of interest to evaluate the integrated impact of these modifications and of climate change (CC), since the latter could neutralize or reverse some desired effects of the former. For...
Topics: Agricultural policy, Bio-economic model, Integrated assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. P. Rötter; M. Appiah; E. Fichtler; K. C. Kersebaum; M. Trnka; M. P. Hoffmann
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Climate change implies higher frequency and magnitude of agroclimatic extremes threatening plant production and the provision of other ecosystem services. This review is motivated by a mismatch between advances made regarding deeper understanding of abiotic stress physiology and its incorporation into ecophysiological models in order to more accurately quantifying the impacts of extreme events at crop system or higher aggregation levels. Adverse agroclimatic extremes considered most detrimental...
Topics: Drought, Heat, Heavy rain
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Margaux Isman; Maude Archambault; Patricia Racette; Charles Noel Konga; Roxana Miranda Llaque; David Lin; Katsunori Iha; Claudiane M. Ouellet-Plamondon
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As the world moves towards a carbon-free future, cities have been identified as key hubs for change. They have the greatest ability to quickly develop more efficient systems and implement climate change mitigation policies. Moreover, cities will become the destination of a population migration as humanity grows globally to a population of 11 billion. In this case study, we show that the applicability of the Ecological Footprint, an overarching outcome measure of resource consumption, for...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Carbon mitigation, Cities, Ecological Footprint, Electricity, Food, Goods,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mizanur Rahman; Mahmuda Islam; Achim Bräuning
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Global climate change has been reported to affect tree growth around the world and such impacts are predicted to be intensified under future climate change particularly in the tropics. It is therefore important to study the climate-growth relationships of tropical trees to understand how they have responded to the past climate variability and to predict how they will respond to future climatic changes. We investigated tree radial growth responses to regional climatic changes in Bangladeshi...
Topics: Climate change, Climate-growth analysis, Global warming, Growth projection, Model validation, Moist...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanjie Huang; Guokai Cui; Huiyong Wang; Zhiyong Li; Jianji Wang
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Minimizing the release of CO2 into the atmosphere is highly important due to the CO2 concentration dependence of climate change. In this work, highly efficient capture of CO2 is investigated through tuning ionic liquids (ILs) with imide-based anions. It is found that a superior high CO2 capacity (2.21 mol mol-1) be achieved by the imide-based IL with 1,2-cyclohexanedicarboximide anion at 20 °C and 1.0 bar through a combination of chemical and physical absorption. Quantum chemical calculations...
Topics: Anion, CO2 capture, Cooperative interaction, Ionic liquid
Coral reef ecosystems and the people who depend on them are increasingly exposed to the adverse effects of global environmental change (GEC), including increases in sea-surface temperature and ocean acidification. Managers and decision-makers need a better understanding of the options available for action in the face of these changes. We refine a typology of actions developed by Gattuso et al. (2015) that could serve in prioritizing strategies to deal with the impacts of GEC on reefs and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Coral reefs, Management, Ocean acidification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hilary A. Hayford; Michael J. O'Donnell; Emily Carrington
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The dynamic ebb and flood of tides makes the marine intertidal zone a habitat with temperatures that fluctuate rapidly in both space and time. This is problematic for slow intertidal organisms that cannot move at the speed of tidal fluctuations. The timing of low tides determines which days organisms may experience extreme body temperatures, controlling microclimate to a greater degree than weather patterns. When low tides occur midday, temperatures can exceed critical thermal maxima for many...
Topics: Behavior, Intertidal ecology, Nucella, RFID, Stress avoidance, Tidal cycling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In order to better understand the influence of changing salinity conditions on the trophic transfer of 137Cs in marine fish that live in dynamic coastal environments, its depuration kinetics was investigated in controlled aquaria. The juvenile turbot Scophthalmus maximus was acclimated to three distinct salinity conditions (10, 25 and 38) and then single-fed with compounded pellets that were radiolabelled with 137Cs. At the end of a 21-d depuration period, assimilation efficiencies (i.e. AEs =...
Topics: Food pathway, Radiocaesium, Radioecology, Radionuclide, Teleost
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lina Liu; Chunzi Ma; Shouliang Huo; Beidou Xi; Zhuoshi He; Hanxiao Zhang; Jingtian Zhang; Xinghui Xia
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Numeric criteria are crucial for controlling cultural eutrophication and for protecting current and future water quality. Anthropogenic climate change and the modification of land use have the potential to influence the development of nutrient criteria. In this study, stressor-response models, land use-nutrient regression models, and terrestrial ecosystem health states were used to determine the criterion values of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorous (TP), and chlorophyll a (Chl a) using...
Topics: Climate change, Land use, Nutrient criteria, Stressor-response model, Terrestrial ecosystem health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The understanding of life-history responses to increased temperature is helpful for evaluating the potential of species for tackling future climate change. Herein, adult southern grass lizards, Takydromus sexlineatus, were maintained under two thermal regimes simulating current thermal environment and a 4 °C warming scenario to determine the effects of experimental warming on female reproduction and offspring phenotypes. Experimental warming caused females to oviposit earlier and more...
Topics: Embryonic mortality, Hatchling phenotype, Maternal warming, Reproductive frequency, Takydromus...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nicola Tasinato; Giorgia Ceselin; Andrea Pietropolli Charmet; Paolo Stoppa; Santi Giorgianni
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Difluoromethane (CH2F2,HFC-32) presents strong ro-vibrational bands within the 8–12 μm atmospheric window and hence it represents a greenhouse gas able of contributing to global warming. Numerous spectroscopic studies have been devoted to this molecule, however, much information on line-by-line parameters, like line intensities and broadening parameters, is still lacking. In this work, line-by-line spectroscopic parameters are retrieved for several CH2F2 ro-vibrational transitions belonging...
Topics: Collisional cross sections, Difluoromethane, Greenhouse gases, N2– O2– air-broadening,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sanjeev Kumar; P. S. Bhavya; R. Ramesh; G. V.M. Gupta; Fidel Chiriboga; Arvind Singh; Indrani Karunasagar; Ashwin Rai; Ann Sofi Rehnstam-Holm; Lars Edler; Anna Godhe
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As projected by climate change models, increase in sea surface temperature and precipitation in the future may alter nutrient cycling in the coastal regions due to potential changes in phytoplankton community structure and their ability to assimilate nitrogen (N) and carbon (C). An experiment simulating different temperature and salinity conditions (28°C-35 ambient conditions, 28ºC-31, 31ºC-35 and 31ºC-31) in mesocosms containing 1000 L of coastal water from the Arabian Sea was performed...
Topics: Climate change, Mesocosm experiment, Nitrogen, Phytoplankton, Uptake
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yadong Xu; Kexin Zhang; Yongfeng Yang; Guocan Wang; Mansheng Luo; Junliang Ji; Bowen Song
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In this study, the development of the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau is investigated via an integrated study of the sedimentology, magnetostratigraphy, palaeogeography, and cross-section comparisons of the Neogene sedimentary basins of the Tibetan Plateau. From 23 to 17 Ma, this region was characterized by widespread angular unconformities and a sedimentary hiatus, indicating the comprehensive uplift of the plateau. The tectonic event that created the Tibetan Plateau triggered the evolution of...
Topics: Middle Miocene climatic optimum, Paleocurrent, Provenance, Qilian Shan, Sedimentary basins
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. Prasad; T. Utescher; A. Sharma; I. B. Singh; R. Garg; B. Gogoi; J. Srivastava; P. R. Uddandam; M. M. Joachimski
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We present a multi-proxy study of an upper Paleocene-lower Eocene succession from the paleo-equatorial region. The study is carried out on a coal-bearing, shallow-marine succession exposed at Jathang, east Khasi hills, Meghalaya, northeastern India. The succession was deposited in a low-energy, coastal marsh-bay complex. Dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy yields a late Paleocene to early Eocene age for the section. The deposits of the lower part of the succession represent a transgressive...
Topics: Climate change, PETM, Paleotropics, Palynology, Precipitation, Rainforest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jens Mingram; Martina Stebich; Georg Schettler; Yaqin Hu; Norbert Nowaczyk; Peter Dulski; Haitao You; Stephan Opitz; Qiang Liu; Jiaqi Liu
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Lake Sihailongwan in Jilin province, NE China, provides the first continuous and almost entirely seasonally laminated sediment record on the East Asian mainland comprising the complete Holocene, the Late-glacial period, and large parts of the Last Glacial. Sediment and palynological proxy data provide a finely resolved regional environmental history of the East Asian monsoon. A varve-based chronology (shl-vc2) has been established for the last 65,000 years and allows a detailed comparison with...
Topics: Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles, East Asian monsoon, Heinrich events, Lake sediments, Paleoclimatology,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Kremer; R. Stein; K. Fahl; Z. Ji; S. Wiers; J. Matthiessen; M. Forwick; L. Löwemark; M. O'Regan; J. Chen; I. Snowball
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The Yermak Plateau is located north of Svalbard at the entrance to the Arctic Ocean, i.e. in an area highly sensitive to climate change. A multi proxy approach was carried out on Core PS92/039-2 to study glacial-interglacial environmental changes at the northern Barents Sea margin during the last 160 ka. The main emphasis was on the reconstruction of sea ice cover, based on the sea ice proxy IP 25 and the related phytoplankton - sea ice index PIP 25 . Sea ice was present most of the time but...
Leaf gas exchanges, carbohydrate metabolism and growth of three Brazilian Cerrado invasive African grasses were evaluated after growing for 75 days under doubled CO2 concentration and temperature elevated by 3 °C. Results showed that although the species presented photosynthetic C4 metabolism, they all had some kind of positive response to increased CO2. Urochloa brizantha and Megathyrsus maximus showed increased height for all induced environmental conditions. Urochloa decumbens showed only...
Topics: C4 metabolism, Photosynthesis, Soluble sugars, Water relations
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Manuel Mirás-Avalos; David Uriarte; Alan N. Lakso; Diego S. Intrigliolo
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A carbon balance model (VitiSim) was used for assessing the effects of vine water status and different climate scenarios on the dry matter production and partitioning of ‘Tempranillo’ grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.) grown in two different Spanish regions. Inputs included weather daily variables, stem water potential measurements and vineyard system data. Partitioning is based on the supply and demand balance using relative sink strength coefficients when carbon supply is lower than organ...
Topics: Carbon partitioning, Dry matter, Photosynthesis, Tempranillo, Water stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Confidence Duku; Sander J. Zwart; Lenny G.J. van Bussel; Lars Hein
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Meeting the dual objectives of food security and ecosystem protection is a major challenge in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). To this end agricultural intensification is considered desirable, yet, there remain uncertainties regarding the impact of climate change on opportunities for agricultural intensification and the adequacy of intensification options given the rapid population growth. We quantify trade-offs between levels of yield gap closure, food availability and forest and woodland...
Topics: Climate change, Food availability, Food security, Forest and woodland, Population growth, Yield gap...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by María Benlloch-González; Rosa Sánchez-Lucas; Manuel Benlloch; Fernández Escobar Ricardo
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The increase in air temperature associated to climate change is expected to affect olive (Olea europaea L.) tree fructification. To determine the potential effects of global warming on floral phenology and fruit set under field conditions, olive trees growing in a Mediterranean climate type area were subjected to warmer temperature than ambient by the use of temperature controlled Open-top-Chambers (OTCs). Each OTC, equipped with heating and ventilation devices, was able to maintain a day/night...
Topic: Open top chamber (OTC)
Agriculture has been adversely affected by low water availability due to climate change, creating abiotic stress conditions for economically important crops such as cucumber. Two on-field seasons study (summer and fall) were conducted consecutively in 2016/17 to investigate the effect of deficit drip irrigation at three levels (DI0% = 100%, DI20% = 80%, and DI40% = 60% of crop evapotranspiration) on cucumber's growth and productivity, water use efficiency (WUE), osmo-protectants, leaf...
Topics: Cucumber yield, Deficit irrigation, Osmoprotectants and chlorophyll fluorescence, Seasons, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zohrab Adavi; Rooholla Moradi; Amir Hossein Saeidnejad; Mahmoud Reza Tadayon
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This study was conducted to simulate the climate change impacts on potato production and evaluate the planting date and variety management as possible climate change adaptation strategies in Isfahan province, Iran. Two types of General Circulation Models (HadCM3 and IPCM4) and three scenarios (A1B, A2 and B1) were employed. Daily climatic parameters were generated by Long Ashton Research Station-Weather Generator (LARS − WG). The SUBSTOR-Potato model was used to simulate the baseline and...
Topics: DSSAT, GCM, Mitigation, Planting date, SUBSTOR-Potato
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Federico Cervi; Francesca Petronici; Attilio Castellarin; Marco Marcaccio; Andrea Bertolini; Lisa Borgatti
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In large areas of the Italian Northern Apennines, hundreds of low-yield springs provide water for drinking and industrial purposes, with short groundwater flow paths being formed within fractured sedimentary rock units. This hydrogeological setting results in spring water discharges that closely follow meteoric water recharge patterns, leading to low-flow periods concentrated in the summer/early autumn. Therefore, the springs' outflow can be very sensitive to a shortage in water recharge, as it...
Fencing and grass plantation are two key interventions to preserve the degraded grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Climate warming and N deposition have substantially affected the alpine grassland ecosystems. However, molecular composition of soil organic carbon (SOC), the indicator of degradation of SOC, and its responses to climate change are still largely unclear. In this study, we conducted the experiments in three types of land use on the QTP: alpine meadow (AM), alpine steppe...
Topics: Climate warming, Land use, Molecular composition, Nitrogen deposition, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, SOC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Urban environments in Latin America must begin decarbonizing their activities to avoid increasing greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions rates due to their reliance on fossil fuel-based energy to support economic growth. In this context, cities in Latin America have high potential to convert sunlight into energy. Hence, the main objective of this study was to determine the potential of electricity self-sufficiency production and mitigation of GHG emissions in three medium-sized cities in Peru...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, GHG emissions, Life Cycle Assessment, Resilience, Smart cities, Solar...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenlu Li; Yongmei Lu; Jianing Liu; Xiaoxu Wu
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Dengue Fever (DF) has become one of the most serious infectious diseases in China. Dengue virus and its vector (Aedes mosquito) are known to be sensitive to climate condition. Climate impacts DF through affecting three essential bioecological aspects: DF virus, vector (mosquito) and DF transmission environment. Weather-based DF model, mosquito model and climate model are the three pillars to help the prediction of DF distribution. Through a systematic review of literature between 1980 and 2017,...
Topics: China, Climate change, Dengue fever, Projection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Background Diurnal temperature range (DTR) reflects within-day temperature variability and is closely associated with climate change. In comparison to temperature extremes, up-to-date DTR-health evidence at the regional and national scales has been still very limited worldwide, especially in Europe. Objectives This study aimed to provide nationwide estimates for DTR-associated effects on mortality, and explore whether season and regional-level characteristics modify DTR-mortality relation in...
Topics: Mortality, Temperature variability, United Kingdom
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chao Su; Shuai Song; Yonglong Lu; Shijie Liu; John P. Giesy; Deliang Chen; Alan Jenkins; Andrew J. Sweetman; Baninla Yvette
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Climate change and emissions rates of contaminants are expected to affect distribution and fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the environment, however, studies on these combined factors are rare. In this study, Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) is used as an example to assess how those two factors synthetically affect fate and disposition of POPs in the Bohai Rim of China by using the Berkeley-Trent-Urban-Rural (BETR-Urban-Rural) model. We set up three climate change scenarios and...
Topics: Adaptation, Management, Multimedia model, Regional scale, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Water and energy are highly interdependent in the modern world, and hence, it is important to understand their constantly changing and nonlinear interconnections to inform the integrated management of water and energy. In this study, a hydrologic model, a water systems model, and an energy model were developed and integrated into a system dynamics modeling framework. This framework was then applied to a water supply system in the northeast US to capture its water-energy interactions under a set...
Topics: Water supply, Water-energy nexus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gabriele Gheza; Silvia Assini; Lorenzo Marini; Juri Nascimbene
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Dry grasslands are listed among the habitats of conservation concern in Europe. Here, based on a multitaxon approach including vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens, we explored the effects of small-scale disturbance on lichen-rich dry grassland vegetation by surveying 60 sites across the Po Plain (Northern Italy). In particular, we evaluated the impact of human trampling and fecal pellet deposition by the alien invasive herbivore Sylvilagus floridanus. We found a soil-dependent response of...
Topics: Eutrophication, Human trampling, Multi-taxon approach, Soil pH, Vegetation conservation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chengcheng Gang; Wei Zhao; Ting Zhao; Yi Zhang; Xuerui Gao; Zhongming Wen
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In the 1990s, the Chinese government began implementation of a series of national-scale restoration programs to combat environmental degradation. As one of most important arid and semiarid regions of China, the Loess Plateau has attracted attention related to the effectiveness of these initiatives. The present study analyzed land use and cover change (LUCC) of the grassland in the Loess Plateau and the consequent change in net primary productivity (NPP) based on a consecutive land use data...
Topics: Green-for-Grain Project (GGP), Human activities, Land use and cover change (LUCC), Loess Plateau,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kathleen M. Kevany; Gene Baur; George C. Wang
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Growing evidence reveals food production systems and consumption practices contradict goals for environmental well-being and population health. This interdisciplinary paper reviews research for impacts from diets on non-communicable human diseases, climate change, and animal well-being. With increasing pressures to innovate and reduce economic as well as emotional costs associated with ill-health, our recommendations could positively impact policy.
Topics: Environmental sustainability, Ethical food, Food systems, Plant-based diets, Preventative health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elsayed Mansour; Ehab S.A. Moustafa; Naglaa Qabil; Asmaa Abdelsalam; Hany A. Wafa; Ahmed El Kenawy; Ana M. Casas; Ernesto Igartua
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Climate change poses challenges to agricultural production in general and to plant breeders in particular. Adaptation of cereals to the new conditions and increasingly variable situations arising from this process is essential to reduce risks and limit potential threats associated with climate hazards. This study presents the first attempt to assess the response and resilience of barley genotypes, with different growth habits across Egypt. For this purpose, eight field trials were conducted...
Topics: Barley growth habits, Climate change, Mediterranean region, Photoperiod response genes, Resilient...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Many Oklahomans agree that the disposal of produced water in deep injection wells contributes to the increased rate of seismicity in the state. However, a portion of this same population disagrees that greenhouse gas emissions contribute to climate change. Part of this difference can be explained as an effect of the combination of a particular cultural model of nature and Oklahomans’ relative insulation from the effects of climate change. This article suggests that scientific communication...
Topics: Analogies, Climate change, Cultural Models, Induced seismicity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kenji Fujisaki; Lydie Chapuis-Lardy; Alain Albrecht; Tantely Razafimbelo; Jean Luc Chotte; Tiphaine Chevallier
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Organic carbon saturation in soils refers to the theoretical maximum soil organic carbon (SOC) that can be associated with and stabilized on fine silt plus clay particles (F < 20 μm). We reviewed the literature dealing with SOC distribution between soil fractions to evaluate carbon saturation for tropical soils and estimate the C storage potential of cropland. We collected 258 data points on SOC distribution between soil fractions in tropical soils from 84 sites in 27 countries. We used...
Topics: Boundary line analysis, Fine particles, Particulate organic matter, Soil carbon saturation, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Artti Juutinen; Anssi Ahtikoski; Mika Lehtonen; Raisa Mäkipää; Markku Ollikainen
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We examine the feasibility and impacts of a short-term carbon payment mechanism on forest management in boreal forests. Unlike under long-term carbon sequestration commitments over a rotation period, landowners are allowed in this scheme to sell temporal carbon credits based on stored carbon for one year and reissue them annually. Using numeric optimization we show that the short-term carbon payment mechanism has a profound effect on the timing and intensity of thinning, and the optimal...
Topics: Carbon credits, Carbon sequestration, Mitigation of climate change, Optimization of forest...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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One of the popular methods to predict shoreline shifts into the future involves use of a shoreline evolution model driven by the historical wave climate. It is however understood by now that historical wave conditions might substantially change in future in response to climate change induced by the global warming. The future shoreline changes as well as sediment transport therefore need to be determined with the help of future projections of wave climate. In this work this is done at the port...
Topics: Climate change, Erosion, Numerical models, Shoreline changes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Narasimha D. Rao; Jihoon Min; Ruth DeFries; Suparna Ghosh-Jerath; Hugo Valin; Jess Fanzo
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India has among the highest lost years of life from micronutrient deficiencies. We investigate what dietary shifts would eliminate protein, iron, zinc and Vitamin A deficiencies within households’ food budgets and whether these shifts would be compatible with mitigating climate change. This analysis uses the National Sample Survey (2011–12) of consumption expenditure to calculate calorie, protein and the above micronutrient intake deficiencies and relate them to diets, income and location....
Topics: Climate mitigation, Co-benefits, Food security, Hidden hunger, Micronutrient deficiencies
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Linda Westman; Vanesa Castán Broto
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Partnerships emerge as part of an environmental governance paradigm shift towards less hierarchical, more collaborative, and non-regulative steering arrangements. This paper examines the prevalence of partnerships in environmental governance on an urban level in a semi-authoritarian setting, by exploring climate initiatives in cities in China. The paper presents exploratory qualitative analysis of governance in urban China through analysis of a database of 150 climate initiatives in 15 cities,...
Topics: China, Cities, Climate change, Governance, Partnerships
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Karoliina Pilli-Sihvola; Atte Harjanne; Riina Haavisto
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Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) literature has traditionally focused on the countries and regions hit hardest by natural hazards. In this paper, we take a different perspective by turning our eyes upon Finland, a Nordic welfare state and a low vulnerability and exposure society. We analyse and discuss how well the existing DRR and CCA approaches reflect the perspective of the least vulnerable countries and whether the current ways of determining vulnerability...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Disaster risk reduction, Finland, Governance, Welfare state
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Reinmar Seidler; Katie Dietrich; Sarah Schweizer; Kamaljit S. Bawa; Shashikant Chopde; Farrukh Zaman; Anshu Sharma; Sumana Bhattacharya; Laxmi P. Devkota; Sarala Khaling
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Due to natural vulnerabilities and human factors, losses and damages from natural disasters continue to rise in South Asia. There is also growing evidence for links between climate change and disaster risks. In response, there have been calls for bringing together climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) policy development, in order to address the risks efficiently and to promote sustainable development pathways. However, progress toward such convergence in the policy...
Topics: Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction, South Asia, convergence, disaster planning