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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Rafael; B. Vicente; V. Rodrigues; A. I. Miranda; C. Borrego; M. Lopes
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Air pollution is an environmental and social issue at different spatial scales, especially in a climate change context, with an expected decrease of air quality. Despite the technological evolution of the last decades in the transport sector, road traffic emissions are still one major source of air pollution at the city level. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of a set of resilience measures, based on nature-based solutions, in the wind flow and in the dispersion of air...
Topics: Air quality, CFD modelling, Resilience measures, Road traffic emissions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The past two decades have witnessed widespread scholarly interest in the role of cities in climate policy-making. This research has considerably improved our understanding of the local level in the global response to climate change. The present article synthesizes the literature on local climate policies with respect to the 1.5 °C target. While most studies have focused on pioneering cities and networks, we contend that the broader impacts of local climate actions and their relationship to...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amanda M. Koltz; Laura A. Burkle; Yamina Pressler; Jane E. Dell; Lora A. Richards; Shannon M. Murphy
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Climate change is drastically altering global fire regimes, which may affect the structure and function of insect communities. Insect responses to fire are strongly tied to fire history, plant responses, and changes in species interactions. Many insects already possess adaptive traits to survive fire or benefit from post-fire resources, which may result in community composition shifting toward habitat and dietary generalists as well as species with high dispersal abilities. However, predicting...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniele Paganelli; Alessandra Pandolfi; Renato Sconfietti; Agnese Marchini; Lorenzo Vilizzi
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In the context of biological invasions, freshwater aquatic invertebrates represent one of the most successful groups of organisms. At the same time, the secondary hydrographic system of a river catchment acts as a preferential pathway for the dispersion of Non-Indigenous Species (NIS) to nearby ecosystems. The present study investigates the macrozoobenthos assemblage inhabiting 13 representative semi-natural streams of the secondary hydrographic system of the southern course of the River Ticino...
Topics: AS-ISK, Climate change, Fresh water, Non-native species, SBCI index, Southern River Ticino
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chris Kennedy; Iain D. Stewart; Michael I. Westphal; Angelo Facchini; Renata Mele
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The development of net negative electric cities encompasses the three strategies of decarbonizing power supply, energy efficiency and electrification. There is potential to pursue these combined strategies rapidly to hold climate change to within 1.5 °C. Recent work has identified many cities in developing countries that are ideal for electrification today based on carbon intensity and high access to electricity. Net negative electric cities could be achieved by following a comprehensive...
This paper presents an assessment of the potential trade-offs between social, economic and environmental objectives when upscaling and integrating climate-smart agriculture (CSA) with integrated catchment management (ICM) at landscape level, with a case study in Malawi. In a workshop, government and NGO representatives and experts assessed trade-offs between the goals of ICM and CSA under four different scenarios of climatic and economic changes. The paper presents a novel combination of...
Topics: Scenarios, Trade-offs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yonglong Lu; Jingjing Yuan; Xiaotian Lu; Chao Su; Yueqing Zhang; Chenchen Wang; Xianghui Cao; Jilan Su; Venugopalan Ittekkot; Richard Angus Garbutt; Simon Bush; Stephen Fletcher; Tonny Wagey; Anatolii Kachur; Neville Sweijd
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Coastal zone is of great importance in the provision of various valuable ecosystem services. However, it is also sensitive and vulnerable to environmental changes due to high human populations and interactions between the land and ocean. Major threats of pollution from over enrichment of nutrients, increasing metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and climate change have led to severe ecological degradation in the coastal zone, while few studies have focused on the combined impacts of...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal ecosystem, Coastal sustainability, Ecological impacts, Marine pollution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Saqib Shakeel Abbasi; Muhammad Zubair Anwar; Nusrat Habib; Qaisar Khan; Kanwal Waqar
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Changes in temperature and hydro-meteorological patterns in Indus basin due to climate change are believed to be impacting farming communities in different ways. From a gender perspective however, impacts of change vary from place to place, household to household and for individual members of the household due to a multiplicity of factors including expectation of individual members of a household to take additional responsibilities in difficult times. As an unavoidable coping strategy, the...
Topics: Gender role, Gender vulnerability, Indus Basin, Scale
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kate R. Weinberger; Antonella Zanobetti; Joel Schwartz; Gregory A. Wellenius
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Background: Extreme heat is a well-documented public health threat. The US National Weather Service (NWS) issues heat advisories and warnings (collectively, “heat alerts”) in advance of forecast extreme heat events. The effectiveness of these alerts in preventing deaths remains largely unknown. Objectives: To quantify the change in mortality rates associated with heat alerts in 20 US cities between 2001 and 2006. Methods: Because NWS heat alerts are issued based on forecast weather and...
Topics: Climate change, Early warning systems, Extreme heat, Heat warnings, Public health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Scott D. Odell; Anthony Bebbington; Karen E. Frey
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In this paper, we demonstrate that climate change is critically important for the current and future status of mining activity and its impacts on surrounding communities and environments. We illustrate this through examples from Latin America, including a spatial analysis of the intersection between projected climate changes and existing mining operations. We then elaborate a framework to identify and investigate the relationships among mining, climate change, and public and private responses...
Topics: Extractive industries, Mining, Policy, Research priorities
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thad Kousser; Bruce Tranter
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Is public opinion on global climate change stable, with voters holding deeply rooted attitudes that guide them to consistent policy positions? Or is public opinion malleable, with voters adjusting their environmental positions when they learn about the positions of political leaders? To explore whether leaders can influence mass opinion on climate change, we conduct a pair of survey experiments in Australia. Emissions trading plans and renewable energy targets have been central issues in...
Topics: Political leaders, Political party identification, Voter cues
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Peter Kareiva; Valerie Carranza
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Epic tales of existential catastrophe have been written down for thousands of years, and in Christian traditions were linked to the punishment of humanity for its sins. We are still imagining new storylines for the end-of-civilization, with a rich genre of Hollywood films depicting either the struggles of remnant humans in a post-apocalyptic world, or some event that threatens the very survival of our species. Instead of a spiritual reckoning imposed by God, Hollywood's Armageddon is usually...
Topics: Ecosystem collapse, Existential risks, Multiplicative stresses, Planetary boundaries, Positive...
The occurrence of extreme heat events in maximum and minimum daily temperatures is modelled using a non-homogeneous common Poisson shock process. It is applied to five Spanish locations, representative of the most common climates over the Iberian Peninsula. The model is based on an excess over threshold approach and distinguishes three types of extreme events: only in maximum temperature, only in minimum temperature and in both of them (simultaneous events). It takes into account the dependence...
Topics: Bivariate models, Climate change, Climate projections, Extreme heat events, Non-homogeneous Poisson...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Taihua Wang; Dawen Yang; Yue Qin; Yuhan Wang; Yun Chen; Bing Gao; Hanbo Yang
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Frozen ground degradation resulting from climate warming on the Tibetan Plateau has aroused wide concern in recent years. In this study, the maximum thickness of seasonally frozen ground (MTSFG) is estimated by the Stefan equation, which is validated using long-term frozen depth observations. The permafrost distribution is estimated by the temperature at the top of permafrost (TTOP) model, which is validated using borehole observations. The two models are applied to the upper Yellow River Basin...
Topics: Climate change, Seasonally frozen ground, Stefan equation, Upper Yellow River Basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Some surge-type glaciers on the High-Arctic archipelago of Svalbard have large glacitectonic composite ridge systems at their terrestrial margins. These have formed by rapid glacier advance into proglacial sediments during the active surge phase, creating multicrested moraine complexes. Such complexes can be formed during single surge advances or multiple surges to successively less-extensive positions. The few existing studies of composite ridge systems have largely relied on detailed...
Topics: Glacial geomorphology, Glacier surge, Glacitectonic composite ridge system, Svalbard
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rachael H. Nolan; Keryn Paul; Stephen H. Roxburgh; Patrick J. Mitchell; Jody Bruce; Michael Battaglia; Daniel Ramp
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Reforestation schemes, which encompass environmental plantings and natural regeneration of vegetation on cleared land, are increasingly being established for the purposes of mitigating anthropogenic carbon emissions. However, these schemes are themselves at risk from climate change and associated changes in disturbance regimes. Simultaneously, there is increasing pressure on reforested areas to achieve multiple co-benefits, e.g. maximizing carbon storage, ameliorating environmental degradation...
Topics: Biomass, Forest, Fuel, Plantation, Recruitment, Risk assessment, Thinning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Clea Kolster; Simeon Agada; Niall Mac Dowell; Samuel Krevor
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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is expected to play a key role in meeting targets set by the Paris Agreement and for meeting legally binding greenhouse gas emissions targets set within the UK (Energy and Climate Change Committee, 2016). Energy systems models have been essential in identifying the importance of CCS but they neglect to impose constraints on the availability and use of geologic CO2 storage reservoirs. In this work we analyse reservoir performance sensitivities to varying CO2...
Topics: CO2 storage, Energy systems, Injectivity, Permeability, Pressure effects, Varying injection rates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global concerns about climate change and its environmental consequences, social factors and economic constraints require pursuit of a new approach to the supply chain planning at the strategic, tactical and operational levels. Recovery of waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) has become an important issue in the developing economies, as legislations that mandate manufacturers and importers to take back the wastes of their electrical and electronic products (WEEE) has been promulgated....
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ishwar Singh; K. G.Vijay Anand; Sushil Solomon; Sudhir Kumar Shukla; Ramakant Rai; Sudhakar T. Zodape; Arup Ghosh
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Strategies for sustainably increasing sugarcane productivity without any negative implications to the environment are challenging. In the present investigation, field trials were conducted to demonstrate the potential of an agro-technique involving foliar applications of Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed based biostimulant in combination with recommended rate of synthetic fertilizers (RRF) for sustainably enhancing sugarcane production and mitigating environmental impacts. Kappaphycus seaweed...
Topics: Agriculture, Carbon footprint, GHG emissions, Kappaphycus, Life cycle assessment, Seaweed extract
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kim Pingoud; Tommi Ekholm; Risto Sievänen; Saija Huuskonen; Jari Hynynen
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This paper provides a perspective for comparing trade-offs between harvested wood flows and forest carbon stocks with different forest management regimes. A constant management regime applied to a forest area with an even age-class distribution leads to a steady state, in which the annual harvest and carbon stocks remain constant over time. As both are desirable – carbon stocks for mitigating climate change and harvests for the economic use of wood and displacing fossil fuels – an ideal...
Topics: Bioenergy, Carbon balance, Long-rotation forestry, Multi-criteria analysis, Steady-state forest...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gerson Fernandino; Carla I. Elliff; Iracema R. Silva
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Climate change effects have the potential of affecting both ocean and atmospheric processes. These changes pose serious threats to the millions of people that live by the coast. Thus, the objective of the present review is to discuss how climate change is altering (and will continue to alter) atmospheric and oceanic processes, what are the main implications of these alterations along the coastline, and which are the ecosystem-based management (EBM) strategies that have been proposed and applied...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal zone, Ecosystem-based management
The coastal region bordering the East coast of India is a thickly populated belt exposed to high risk and vulnerability from natural hazards such as tropical cyclones. Tropical cyclone frequencies that develop over the Bay of Bengal (average of 5–6 per year) region are much higher as compared to the Arabian Sea thereby posing a high risk factor associated with storm surge, inland inundation, wind gust, intense rainfall, etc. The Odisha State in the East coast of India experiences the highest...
Topics: Coastal Vulnerability Index, Inundation, Storm surges, Tropical cyclones
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zakari Arétouyap; Dieudonné Bisso; Philippe Njandjock Nouck; Shey Jones Yembe; Diab Ahmad Diab
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This article sets out to investigate the role played by the rainforest of Central Africa in providing environmental goods and services, regulating and stabilizing the global climate as well as participating in socio-economic development of the riparian countries. This complex role offers a double status, almost confrontational, to this rainforest: it stands as an economic resource and as a major global climate regulator. Hence, there is an urgent need to question certain aspects such as climate...
Topics: Central Africa, Economic needs, Equatorial rainforest, Global climate regulator, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher Severen; Christopher Costello; Olivier Deschênes
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The hedonic pricing method is one of the main approaches used to estimate the economic value of attributes that affect the market price of an asset. This method is routinely used in environmental economics to derive the economic valuation of environmental attributes such as air pollution and water quality. For example, the “Ricardian approach” is based on a hedonic regression of land values on historical climate variables. Forecasts of future climate can then be employed to estimate the...
Topics: Agricultural land prices, Climate change, Climate change and agriculture, Climate change forecasts,...
Precipitation plays an important role in both environment and human society and is a significant factor in many scientific researches such as water resources, agriculture and climate impact studies. The onset and retreat of rainy season are useful features to understand the variability of precipitation under the influence of climate change. In this study, the characteristics of onset and retreat in mainland China are investigated. The multi-scale moving t-test was applied to determine rainy...
Topics: Atmospheric circulation, Moving t-test, Onset, Rainy season, Retreat, SST
The shortage of water resources and the increasing competition among water users have highlighted the importance of the water allocation problem. Water availability is crucial for water resource allocation and changes frequently, leading to the necessity to predict available water. This paper develops a framework aimed to plan regional water allocations under different representative concentration pathways (RCP) scenarios using an interval parameter conditional value-at-risk (CVaR) two-stage...
Topics: CVaR, Interval two-stage stochastic model, RCP, Regional water resources allocation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chen Zheng; Xuguang Tang; Qing Gu; Tongxin Wang; Jin Wei; Lisheng Song; Mingguo Ma
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Changing climate, especially extreme weather event, is exerting considerable impacts on the hydrological and biogeochemical processes in forests worldwide. A deep understanding of climate change–terrestrial feedbacks is essential to predict future regional/global carbon and water budgets, which can be used to develop potential strategies for forest management. In this study, totally 11 years of eddy covariance tower measurements of CO2 and H2O fluxes, as well as the relevant environmental...
Topics: Carbon fixation, Extreme weather events, Forest, Water-use efficiency
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Holma; P. Leskinen; T. Myllyviita; K. Manninen; L. Sokka; T. Sinkko; K. Pasanen
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The EU is aiming to increase the utilisation of renewable energy to 20% of the total energy consumption by 2020. For Finland, the target is 38%. Renewable energy sources are assumed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions when compared to fossil fuels. Yet not all environmental impacts of renewable energy use are thoroughly assessed, and there are no comprehensive assessments on the impacts and risks of renewable energy production that would take into account all possible environmental impacts. We...
Topics: Energy scenarios, Environmental impacts, Expert knowledge, Qualitative, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xinying Zhou; Jilong Yang; Shiqi Wang; Guoqiao Xiao; Keliang Zhao; Yan Zheng; Xiaoqiang Li
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We present new pollen data from a drilling core from the North China Plain which illustrate the nature of vegetation evolution in the temperate zone of Asia during an interval containing the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (MPT), ~1.2–0.7 Ma. Results show that, from 1.7–1.2 Ma, closed needle-leaved and broadleaved mixed forest predominated. The most important vegetation change event occurred at 1.2 Ma when there was a decline in coniferous forest and a significant increase in Artemisia,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Co- evolution, Ecosystem, Pollen, Quaternary
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nils Benjamin Tjaden; Cyril Caminade; Carl Beierkuhnlein; Stephanie Margarete Thomas
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Vector-borne diseases are on the rise globally. As the consequences of climate change are becoming evident, climate-based models of disease risk are of growing importance. Here, we review the current state-of-the-art in both mechanistic and correlative disease modelling, the data driving these models, the vectors and diseases covered, and climate models applied to assess future risk. We find that modelling techniques have advanced considerably, especially in terms of using ensembles of climate...
Topics: model, risk, vector-borne diseases
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laurent Coppola; Louis Legendre; Dominique Lefevre; Louis Prieur; Vincent Taillandier; Emilie Diamond Riquier
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Dissolved oxygen (O2) is a relevant tracer to interpret variations of both water mass properties in the open ocean and biological production in the surface layer of both coastal and open waters. Deep-water formation is very active in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, where it influences intermediate and deep waters properties, nutrients replenishment and biological production. This study analyses, for the first time, the 20-year time series of monthly O2 concentrations at the DYFAMED...
Topics: Dense water formation, Dissolved oxygen, Ligurian Sea, Net community production, Time series
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dinh Ho Tong Minh; Emile Ndikumana; Ghislain Vieilledent; Doyle McKey; Nicolas Baghdadi
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Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) requires detailed insight into how the forest biomass is measured and distributed. Studies so far have estimated forest biomass stocks using rough assumptions and unreliable data. High-resolution data and robust methods are required to capture the spatial variability of forest biomass with sufficient precision. Here we aim to improve on previous approaches by using radar satellite ALOS PALSAR (25-m resolution) and optical...
Topics: ALOS PALSAR, Aboveground biomass, Biomass, Carbon, Landsat tree cover, Madagascar, REDD
Agricultural ecosystem management needs to ensure food production and minimize soil erosion and nitrogen (N) leaching under climate change and increasingly intensive human activity. Thus, the mechanisms through which climatic and management factors affect crop production, soil erosion, and N leaching must be understood in order to ensure food security and sustainable agricultural development. In this study, we adopted the GIS-based Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) model to...
Topics: Adaptation, Crop production, Driving factor, EPIC, N leaching, Soil erosion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bruno Bernardi; Giacomo Falcone; Teodora Stillitano; Souraya Benalia; Alfio Strano; Jacopo Bacenetti; Anna Irene De Luca
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The mechanization of farming operation plays an important role in improving the profitability of the agricultural sector by increasing work productivity and reducing production costs. However, the new challenges of agriculture also include the environmental issues. The choice between different alternatives to perform a determined agricultural practice should be based on reliable information, considering technical, economic and environmental aspects. Olive growing represents the most important...
Topics: Economic sustainability, Environmental impact, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Mechanical harvesting,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sanja Zlatanović; Jenny Fabian; Katrin Premke; Michael Mutz
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Perennial, temperate, low-order streams are predicted to become intermittent as a result of irregular droughts caused by global warming and increased water demand. We hypothesize that stream metabolism changes caused by irregular droughts are linked to the shading and bed sediment structure of temperate streams. We set up 16 outdoor experimental streams with low or high shade conditions and streambeds either with alternating sorted patches of gravel and sand or homogeneous gravel-sand mix...
Topic: Sediment heterogeneity
Improved access to energy in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the potential to alleviate poverty, promote industrialisation, facilitate gender equality and reduce the region's vulnerability to climate change. Consequently, the current low rates of electrification in many SSA countries has been identified as the most pressing obstacle to economic growth, more important than access to finance, red tape or corruption. Despite the presence of numerous initiatives for promoting energy access in Africa,...
Topic: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and human activities have changed the spatial-temporal distribution of water resources, especially in a fragile ecological area such as the upper reaches of the Minjiang River (UMR) basin, where they have had a more profound effect. The average of double-mass curve (DMC) and Distributed Time-Variant Gain Hydrological Model (DTVGM) are applied to distinguish between the impacts of climate change and human activities on water resources in this paper. Results indicated that water...
Topics: Climate change, Human activities, Minjiang River basin, Relative contribution, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In water-limited ecosystems, spatial and temporal partitioning of water sources is an important mechanism that facilitates plant survival and lessens the competition intensity of co-existing plants. Insights into species-specific root functional plasticity and differences in the water sources of co-existing plants under changing water conditions can aid in accurate prediction of the response of desert ecosystems to future climate change. We used stable isotopes of soil water, groundwater and...
Topics: C3 and C4 shrubs, Stable oxygen isotope, Water sources, Water use pattern
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change likely poses severe and distinct threats to human life but COP21 as the first-ever universal, legally binding climate deal created a momentum for rapid changes and expects top ten emitters admit reducing as first target group. This article attempts to evaluate four driving forces of GHG emissions (Kaya Identity), in period of 40 years (1971–2012) among top ten emitters (2015), responsible for 67% of all GHG emissions. Single and Multiple Linear Regression Models are used and...
Topics: Carbon intensity, Climate change, Energy intensity, Population, Top ten emitters
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joel Katzav; Wendy S. Parker
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The theoretical foundations of climate science have received little attention from philosophers thus far, despite a number of outstanding issues. We provide a brief, non-technical overview of several of these issues – related to theorizing about climates, climate change, internal variability and more – and attempt to make preliminary progress in addressing some of them. In doing so, we hope to open a new thread of discussion in the emerging area of philosophy of climate science, focused on...
Topics: Climate science, Climate sensitivity, Climate states, Philosophy of climate science, Theoretical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Modeste Kameni Nematchoua; Paola Ricciardi; José A. Orosa; Cinzia Buratti
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Climate change continues to remain the main concern of all nations, and the adverse effects of this problem are enormous. This research was aimed to study the variation of outdoor climate in some regions of Madagascar, and also the assessment of impacts and vulnerabilities related to global warming. Toward this end, the daily data relating to the last 44 years have been studied. A first analyse has been carried out with several GCMs models, and scenarios(A2, A1B and B1), then RCM models...
Topics: Climate change, Detailed study, Madagascar, Vulnerability
Small island nations face several challenges, both short- and long-term, in the context of a changing climate and socio-economic environments. Consequently, their communities are vulnerable to multiple sources of stress. This study examines the multiple stressors impacting a tourism community, based on 48 interviews and five focus groups, with local and national stakeholders in Oistins, Barbados. The research identifies mechanisms used by respondents to cope and adapt to change and finds that...
Topic: Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sandro L.S. Moreira; Cleverson V. Pires; Gustavo E. Marcatti; Ricardo H.S. Santos; Hewlley M.A. Imbuzeiro; Raphael B.A. Fernandes
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Global climate changes can affect coffee production in Brazil, and in other coffee producing countries. We examined the potential for an agroforestry system with the native species, macauba (Acrocomia aculeata), to mitigate impacts on coffee production by reducing maximal air temperature and photosynthetic active radiation. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of an agroforestry system with macauba on productivity, microclimatic characteristics and soil physical quality...
Topics: Acrocomia aculeate, Agroforestry system, Climate change, Mitigation strategy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Guillermo Jiménez-Cortés; Rodolfo García-Contreras; Martha I. Bucio-Torres; Margarita Cabrera-Bravo; Alex Córdoba-Aguilar; Giovanni Benelli; Paz M. Salazar-Schettino
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Due to their high impact on public health, human blood-feeding arthropods are one of the most relevant animal groups. Bacterial symbionts have been long known to play a role in the metabolism, and reproduction of these arthropod vectors. Nowadays, we have a more complete picture of their functions, acknowledging the wide influence of bacterial symbionts on processes ranging from the immune response of the arthropod host to the possible establishment of pathogens and parasites. One or two...
Topics: Bacterial symbionts, Cimicidae, Culicidae, Glossinidae, Integrated vector management, Ixodidae,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The effects of climate change on the agricultural sector are tremendous. Thus, it is essential to determine its impacts on agricultural water resources and to minimize adverse effects on crop production. The present study aims to simulate climate data based on SRES A1B scenario from the outputs of three General Circulation Models (GCMs) namely, FGOAL, HADCM3 and IPCM4 and examine the design water requirement (DWR) of winter paddy using frequency analysis under climate change condition in...
Topics: Climate change scenario, Crop production, Design water requirement, Drought risk, Gross paddy water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew I. Brown; Tristan Pearce; Javier Leon; Roy Sidle; Rachele Wilson
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Mangrove forests support a variety of ecosystem functions and services imperative for ecosystem health. Despite the importance of mangroves, however, mangrove forests worldwide are under threat from human development and climate change. To date, most research on mangrove change in Australia has drawn on approximately 40 years of remotely sensed imagery, a fraction of the time period required to assess spatial change. To improve our understanding of mangrove change, data were collected using...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Gubbi Gubbi, Indigenous knowledge, Kabi Kabi, Knowledge system, Participatory...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Agroecosystems face double pressures of producing more food to feed growing global population and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to mitigate climate change. The Huang-Huai-Hai (HHH) plain produces ∼1/3 wheat and maize of China with very high resource inputs, particularly synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizers since the 1980 s. Although fertilizer input has substantially increased crop yield and enhanced biomass carbon (C) input to the soil and thus stimulating soil C sequestration, GHG...
Topics: APSIM, Cropping system, Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, Management practices, Nitrous oxide emission, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Weier Tang; Guogeng He; Sai Zhou; Wei Sun; Dehua Cai; Kui Mei
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Currently, with the growing concerns about global climate change, R290 has been considered as a competitive next generation refrigerant used in the air source heat pump (ASHP). However, the flammable characteristics of R290 prevented its wide application in the large ASHP system. This paper mainly contributed to the application of R290 in an ASHP with a nominal heating capacity of 13 kW. Firstly, the performance of R290 in the ASHP was measured. By optimizing the equipment of the refrigeration...
Topics: Concentration distribution, Heat pump, Leakage, Performance, R290
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Krekel; Remzi Can Samsun; Ralf Peters; Detlef Stolten
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This paper assesses the separation of CO 2 from ambient air from a technical and economic standpoint. Reducing CO 2 emissions and their sequestration from the atmosphere is vital to counteract ongoing climate change. The most promising technological options for CO 2 separation are first identified by reviewing the literature and comparing the most important technical and economic parameters. The results point to amines/imines as adsorbing agents to separate CO 2 from ambient air. A system...
Topics: Polyethyleneimine adsorption, Techno-economic analysis
The projected climate scenario for South Mediterranean Europe predicts lower precipitation and higher temperatures that will negatively affect viticulture in the region. The application of moderate deficit irrigation at crucial moments of berry ripening has been found to improve berry quality. Furthermore, grapevine association with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) may improve grapevine's ability to cope with abiotic stresses. Therefore, the aims of this research were: (1) to characterize the...
Topics: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Climate change, Clonal variability, DPPH assay, Deficit...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Çağdaş Kuşçu Şimşek; Halime Ödül
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Regulation of the microclimatic structure of a region by using land use planning is one of the important strategies, which is used to fight against climate change. The climatic structures of regions are also affected by wetlands as well as land use types. In the present study, based on this information, the micro-climatic effects at the 1 km and 10 km periphery of three dam lakes and two lakes (İmranlı Reservoir, Gölova Reservoir, Dörteylül Reservoir, Lake Hafik and Lake Tödürge), which...
Topics: Cool island, GIS, Land use planning, Micro-climate, Remote sensing, Wetland
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Foyo-Moreno; I. Alados; L. Alados-Arboledas
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Knowledge of the photosynthetic photon flux density (Qp) is critical in different applications dealing with climate change, plant physiology, biomass production, and natural illumination in greenhouses. This is particularly true regarding its diffuse component (Qpd), which can enhance canopy light-use efficiency and thereby boost carbon uptake. Therefore, diffuse photosynthetic photon flux density is a key driving factor of ecosystem-productivity models. In this work, we propose a model to...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henrik Breuning-Madsen; Karen Lise Bird; Thomas Balstrøm; Bo Elberling; Aart Kroon; Else Benete Lei
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Plateau dunes are unique landforms which formed as erosion relicts in blow-out areas in Late Pleistocene sandy deposits. They are negative forms in contrast to normal dunes where sand is accumulated (positive form). Plateau dunes are located in the European Aeolian Sand Belt in the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark and they are flat-topped features with a bog in the central part often covered by a thin aeolian sand layer. A conceptual model of formation and further development of plateau dunes...
Topics: Aeolian deposits, Climate change, OSL dating, Placic horizons, Plateau dunes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anthony Vasileff; Chaochen Xu; Yan Jiao; Yao Zheng; Shi Zhang Qiao
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The electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) can couple carbon-capture storage with renewable energy to convert CO2 into chemical feedstocks. For this process, copper is the only metal known to catalyze the CO2RR to hydrocarbons with adequate efficiency, but it suffers from poor selectivity. Copper bimetallic materials have recently shown an improvement in CO2RR selectivity compared with that of copper, such that the secondary metal is likely to play an important role in altering inherent...
Topics: CO2 reduction reaction, SDG7: Affordable and clean energy, alloys, density functional theory,...
The Nordic countries’ agricultural sector is potentially considered both a winner and loser in relation to climate change. With effective adaptation management, climate change could lead to increased agricultural productivity. Yet if concurrent challenges are left unaddressed, productivity losses may impede gains. Thus, adaptation to climate change is key both to avoid negative consequences and to benefit from opportunities. This paper conducts the first systematic literature review of...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate change, Climate change impacts, Crop production, Nordic
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Assessing the impacts of Land Use (LU) and climate change on future streamflow projections is necessary for efficient management of water resources. However, model projections are burdened with significant uncertainty arising from various sources. Most of the previous studies have considered climate models and scenarios as major sources of uncertainty, but uncertainties introduced by land use change and hydrologic model assumptions are rarely investigated. In this paper an attempt is made to...
Topics: ANOVA, Hydrologic model, Nonstationarity, Segregation, Uncertainty
The Pacific Northwest (PNW) region of the United States has some of the most productive forests in the world. As precipitation regimes may shift with changing climate in this area, droughts are predicted to increase in both frequency and degree of severity, which will have a significant impact on already drought-prone ecosystems. When modeling ecosystem responses to drought, it is important to consider the physiology of individual tree species since the variations in drought sensitivity among...
Topics: Climate and age gradients, Drought, Pacific Northwest, Water use efficiency
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joannès Guillemot; Guerric le Maire; Manjunatha Munishamappa; Fabien Charbonnier; Philippe Vaast
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The ongoing introduction of the exotic Grevillea robusta tree species into agroforestry systems (AFS) of the Indian Western Ghats could become a threat to both climate change mitigation and tree diversity conservation. Here, we quantified carbon (C) storage and shade tree diversity in native forests and coffee AFS under contrasted management (native versus exotic shade trees, Robusta versus Arabica systems) at 67 plots along a 3500 mm precipitation gradient in the Cauvery watershed, India....
Topics: Biodiversity conservation, Ecosystem services, Grevillea robusta, Land-use choice, Soil organic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Potential evapotranspiration (ET0) is a key component of the water cycle and a main factor to water resources assessment. Analysis of variation in ET0 is significant in understanding the climate change and agricultural water management; It is affected by multiple climatic factors, including air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and sunshine duration. To understand the variations of ET0 in the Jing-Jin-Ji region (Beijing Municipality, Tianjin Municipality, and Hebei Province), values...
Topics: Climatic parameters, Dominant factors, Jing-Jin-Ji region, Potential evapotranspiration, Shift point
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by K. A. Novick; J. A. Biederman; A. R. Desai; M. E. Litvak; D. J.P. Moore; R. L. Scott; M. S. Torn
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AmeriFlux scientists were early adopters of a network-enabled approach to ecosystem science that continues to transform the study of land-atmosphere interactions. In the 20 years since its formation, AmeriFlux has grown to include more than 260 flux tower sites in the Americas that support continuous observation of ecosystem carbon, water, and energy fluxes. Many of these sites are co-located within a similar climate regime, and more than 50 have data records that exceed 10 years in length. In...
Topics: Big data, Carbon cycle, Climate change, Eddy covariance, Environmental observation networks,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. H.N. Palma; R. M. Cardoso; P. M.M. Soares; T. S. Oliveira
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Forest management decisions often rely on forest growth process based models. These models require climate data at a time-scale and a time-frame that is frequently not available in the area of interest. With the purpose of evaluating the use of modelled climate as a replacement for observational data, we compared the performance (efficiency, precision and bias) of a forest growth process based model (3-PG) when the inputs of the observational climate data were replaced by modelled climate data....
Topics: CORDEX, Climate change, Eucalyptus, RACMO, Regional climate models, WRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Simon C. Parkinson; Marek Makowski; Volker Krey; Khaled Sedraoui; Ned Djilali
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Sustainable development objectives surrounding water and energy are interdependent, and yet the associated performance metrics are often distinct. Regional planners tasked with designing future supply systems therefore require multi-criteria analysis methods and tools to determine a suitable combination of technologies and scale of investments. Previous research focused on optimizing system development strategy with respect to a single design objective, leading to potentially negative outcomes...
Topics: Capacity expansion planning, Climate change mitigation, Energy systems analysis, Groundwater...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Carolina Guarinello de Oliveira Portes; Hugh Safford; Hermann Behling
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Campos de altitude and Araucaria forest are unique and highly diverse ecosystems and focus areas for conservation and restoration in southeastern Brazil. This paper reports a high-resolution paleoecological study of an approximately 700-year Late Holocene core, a period that includes the influence of two highly distinct civilizations and the transition between them: Amerindian/pre-Columbian and European/post-Columbian. Results highlight the interworkings of regional climate change and local...
Topics: Atlantic Forest, Campos de altitude, Conservation, Human impact, Palaeoecology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wajid Nasim; Asad Amin; Shah Fahad; Muhammad Awais; Naeem Khan; Muhammad Mubeen; Abdul Wahid; Muhammad Habibur Rehman; Shakeel Ahmad; Sajjad Hussain; Ishaq Ahmad Mian; Bushra Khan; Yousaf Jamal
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Climate change has adverse effects at global, regional and local level. Heat wave events have serious contribution for global warming and natural hazards in Pakistan. Historical (1997–2015) heat wave were analyzed over different provinces (Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan) of Pakistan to identify the maximum temperature trend. Heat accumulation in Pakistan were simulated by the General Circulation Model (GCM) combined with 3 GHG (Green House Gases) Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs)...
Topics: Annual, Climate change, GCMs, RCPs, Risk, Seasonal, Simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lijie Lin; Erjia Ge; Xiaoping Liu; Weilin Liao; Ming Luo
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Heat waves (HWs) exert increasingly profound effects on public health and ecosystems under global warming and regional urbanization. This study examines the changes in the frequency, duration, magnitude, and timing of HWs in Fujian, Southeast China during 1971–2014 and quantifies the possible effects of urbanization using a dynamical classification scheme for urban and rural stations. Considering that some rural stations could have been converted into urban types during the urbanization...
Topics: Fujian, Global warming, Heat wave, Long-term trend, Southeast China, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With population growth and climate change increasing the exposure of communities and assets to extreme hydrological events, such as floods and droughts, it is crucial to make accurate and timely early warning, climate adaptation and water management information available that can help minimize the loss of the limited quantities of water in arid regions. Trend estimation using wavelets has continued to attract ubiquitous applications in various fields including atmospheric and water studies....
Topics: Meteorological factors, Meteorological noise stability, Soft and hard denoising, Wavelets
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Mark R. Nissenbaum; Thomas M. Rickenbach
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As the earth warms, it is unclear how the organization of precipitation will change, or how these changes will impact regional rainfall and the hydrological cycle. This study combines Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model simulations and the pseudo global warming downscaling approach with a precipitation feature identification algorithm to help improve our understanding of the effect of warming on precipitation organization. The WRF model was used to simulate precipitation during a...
Topics: Climate change, Regional climate modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mathias Fercher; Matthias H. Mueller; Abdallah Alaoui
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In alpine regions, global climate change will likely alter rain and snowfall patterns and increase the frequency of extreme meteorological events such as floods. These events, combined with land use changes, may pose an immediate hazard to the life and properties of downslope inhabitants and to water resource structures downstream. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of land use changes (e.g., areas covered by grassland, green alder, and dwarf shrubs) on peak discharge for different...
Topic: Shrubs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tiago F. Jesus; Vera M.F. Almeida-Val; Maria M. Coelho; Rui Rosa
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Future climate change scenarios predict threatening outcomes to biodiversity. Available empirical data concerning biological response of freshwater fish to climate change remains scarce. In this study, we investigated the physiological and biochemical responses of two Iberian freshwater fish species (Squalius carolitertii and the endangered S. torgalensis), inhabiting different climatic conditions, to projected future scenarios of warming (+ 3 °C) and acidification (ΔpH = − 0.4). Herein,...
Topics: Heat shock response, Oxidative stress, Squalius carolitertii, Squalius torgalensis, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Wild bee decline is a multi-factorial problem, yet it is crucial to understand the impact of a single driver. Hereto the interaction effects of wild bee decline with multiple natural and anthropogenic stressors need to be clear. This is also true for the driver ‘pathogens’, as stressor induced disturbances of natural host–pathogen dynamics can unbalance settled virulence equilibria. Invasive species, bee domestication, habitat loss, climate changes and insecticides are recognized drivers...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Fazey; E. Carmen; F. S. Chapin; H. Ross; J. Rao-Williams; C. Lyon; I. L.C. Connon; B. A. Searle
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Ten essentials are presented for community resilience initiatives in the context of achieving a 1.5 °C world: enhance adaptability; take account of shocks and stresses; work horizontally across issues; work vertically across social scales; aggressively reduce carbon emissions; build narratives about climate change; engage directly with futures; focus on climate disadvantage; focus on processes and pathways; and encourage transformations for resilience. Together the essentials highlight that...
Projected regional climate change modifies the circulation and the radiation effects, which influence urban air pollution (UAP) and urban heat island (UHI) properties. Besides the primary effects of climate change on these urban stressors, the human health effects are also reviewed. The change is derived from the average 4.5 W m−2 radiation increment version of the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP4.5) scenario for 2046–2065, which was characterized by 1.4 K global warming and maps...
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Unsustainable hunting is widespread globally, generating one of the primary threats to tropical vertebrates but providing important revenue for many people. Recent evidence suggests that by removing seed dispersing vertebrates, overhunting can induce shifts in tree species composition that reduce the amount of carbon stored in the forest. I developed a bioeconomic model to assess the conditions under which hunting might lead to the loss of forest carbon, and to compare the revenue lost via...
Topics: Carbon cycle, Climate change, Defaunation, Overexploitation, REDD+, Subsistence hunting, Wild meat
Transdisciplinary research has been introduced as an approach to integrate different bodies of knowledge to learn and to develop solutions towards socio-ecological transformations. In these concepts, broad stakeholder involvement is intended to promote knowledge integration, consensus formation and activation of local actors to initiate and advance learning and change processes. In doing so, however, transdisciplinary processes enter societal battlegrounds and meet conflicting interest and...
Topics: Climate Adaptation, Conflicts, Interests, Knowledge Claims, Legitimacy, Transdisciplinarity, Values
Patterns of spatial and temporal variability of algal bloom in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) of China were investigated using Semi-implicit Eulerian-Lagrangian Finite Element (SELFE) model, an unstructured grid, 3-dimensional, hydrodynamic model fully coupled with an extended version of Water Quality Analysis Program (WASP) and the Carbon and Nutrients DIagenesis (CANDI) model. The coupled model was driven by the discharge, operational water level of the TGR, nutrients and phytoplankton from...
Topics: SELFE, Three Gorges Reservoir, WASP
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daiani Bernardo Pirovani; José Eduardo Macedo Pezzopane; Alexandre Cândido Xavier; José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane; Waldir Cintra de Jesus Júnior; Miguel Angel Herrera Machuca; Gleissy Mary Amaral Dino Alves dos Santos; Samuel Ferreira da Silva; Samira Luns Hatum de Almeida; Fernando Coelho Eugenio; Taís Rizzo Moreira; Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre; Alexandre Rosa dos Santos
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Climate change has been most evident since the mid-twentieth century and has caused unprecedented planetary change. Economically, the agricultural sector may be the most affected by climate change, as agricultural and forest species are highly dependent on weather conditions. Given the background, the aim of this study was to assess the potential impact of climate changes on the delimitation of areas suitable for cultivation of the forest species Azadirachta indica (neem), Bactris gasipaes...
Topics: Agro-climatic aptitude, Downscaling, Global Climate Models, Species adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hande Dilek; Özgen Karaer; Emre Nadar
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We study the retail location problem in a competitive linear market in which two retailers simultaneously choose their locations. Both retailers procure identical products from a common supplier and each consumer purchases from the closest retailer. Each retailer incurs transportation costs for inventory replenishment from the warehouse and consumer travels to the store. We consider two carbon tax schemes imposed on retailers: for supply-chain-related transportation and for consumer-related...
Topics: Carbon penalty, Competition, Game theory, OR in environment and climate change, Retail location
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marco Buso; Anne Stenger
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The negative impacts of climate change on the environment and economic activities are increasingly obvious and relevant. Private response to this threat often proves to be inadequate. For example, empirical evidence reveals a sub-optimal investment by firms in energy efficiency projects capable of reducing energy costs and CO2 emissions, as well as adaptation projects able to reduce the vulnerability of the ecosystem. On the other hand, past public programs that provided financial subsidies to...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Public-private partnership
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The most serious problem facing humanity is that we have only a few decades in which to implement effective measures to stop global warming. For these years up to about 2065, fission energy from light water thermal reactors is relevant as an available, developed and proven non-carbon technology with the potential to make an essential contribution to the mitigation of global warming, in addition to renewable energy. Nuclear power is expected to have more economic advantages than intermittent...
Topics: Climate change, Fission energy, Fusion energy, Nuclear reactor licensing
Since President Moon Jae-in took office in May 2017, South Korea has been embroiled in a major social controversy about energy transition. The president's pledge to transition toward renewable energy represented a dramatic change in Korean energy policy, which has been focused on nuclear and coal-fired plant expansion policies since the 1970s. This study examines public perception of energy, with focus on the relationship between nuclear power and climate change as well as party preferences,...
Topic: Public perception
Communities may wish to source their energy locally to improve resilience in volatile energy markets, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and support regional economies. Biomass and waste incineration offer one method that has been broadly adopted in European and Asian countries, particularly in combination with district heating systems. Yet, combustion and the placement of affiliated smokestacks often pose contentious planning obstacles for local communities. Learning from Sweden's example, this...
Topics: Biomass, Climate change, Community energy, District heating, Heat planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shipra Shah; Asinate Moroca; Jahangeer A. Bhat
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The islands of Fiji are in a phase of transformation from polyculture to commercially oriented monoculture farming systems. The issue of food security has emerged as a major concern, exacerbated by vulnerability to climate change and natural disasters. A high dependence on imported processed food has resulted in problems of hidden hunger and non-communicable diseases. Traditionally, the diversity of landraces, wild food sources, food preservation practices, indigenous land preparation methods,...
Topics: Agrodeforestation Fiji, Food security, Neo-traditional, Traditional knowledge
Water pollution are among the most critical problems in China and emerging contaminants in surface water have attracted rising attentions in recent years. There is great interest in China's future environmental quality as the national government has committed to a major action plan to improve surface water quality. This study presents methodologies to rank the importance of socioeconomic and environmental drivers to the chemical concentration in surface water during 2000–2030. A case study is...
Topics: China, GDP, Population, Surface water concentration, Urbanization rates, WWTPs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thanh Son Dao; Thi My Chi Vo; Claudia Wiegand; Ba Trung Bui; Khuong V. Dinh
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Climate change and human activities induce an increased frequency and intensity of cyanobacterial blooms which could release toxins to aquatic ecosystems. Zooplankton communities belong to the first affected organisms, but in tropical freshwater ecosystems, this issue has yet been poorly investigated. We tested two questions (i) if the tropical Daphnia lumholtzi is capable to develop tolerance to an ecologically relevant concentration of purified microcystin-LR and microcystins from...
Topics: Adaptation, Life history traits, Microcystins, Tolerance, Zooplankton
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Naina Gour; Kuladeep Sudini; Syed Muaz Khalil; Ana M. Rule; Peter Lees; Edward Gabrielson; John D. Groopman; Stephane Lajoie; Anju Singh
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Background Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is increasing worldwide as a result of increased human activity, the rapid industrialization of developing countries, and effects of climate change. Adverse effects of PM on human health are well documented, and because PM exposure occurs mostly through the airways, PM has especially deleterious impact on the lungs. Objective We investigated whether surrogate PM particles like carbon black (CB), diesel exhaust particle (DEP), coal fly ash (CFA) can...
Topics: Diesel exhaust, Fly ash, Inflammation, Metals, Particulate matter, Pulmonary
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianyong Wu; Mohammad Yunus; Mohammad Ali; Veronica Escamilla; Michael Emch
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Cholera is a severe diarrheal disease and remains a global threat to public health. Climate change and variability have the potential to increase the distribution and magnitude of cholera outbreaks. However, the effect of heatwave on the occurrence of cholera at individual level is still unclear. It is also unknown whether the local vegetation could potentially mitigate the effects of extreme heat on cholera outbreaks. In this study, we designed a case-crossover study to examine the association...
Topics: Climate extreme, Greenspace, Infectious disease, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing the awareness of climate change causes is often considered the key to public support of mitigation and adaptation policies. However, higher awareness might not always relate to higher risk perceptions. Previous research suggests that a process of risk normalization might occur, wherein individuals more exposed and aware of hazards minimize their risk perception to psychologically cope with hazards. This study elaborates on and expands this research, by conducting multilevel analyses...
Topic: Risk perception normalization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alina Rosenberg; Miriam Weinberger; Shlomit Paz; Lea Valinsky; Vered Agmon; Chava Peretz
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Background: Campylobacter spp. are the leading cause of foodborne infection worldwide, with a seasonal disease peak that might be affected by temperature increase. We studied the relationship between ambient temperature and weekly notified Campylobacter spp.infections. Methods: Data on 29,762 laboratory-confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection for the period, January, 1999 to December, 2010 were retrieved from the Ministry of Health registry. To estimate the association between the number of...
Topics: Age-group, Campylobacter spp., J-shape curve, Threshold
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A major challenge when coupling soil loss models with precipitation forecasts from Global Circulation Models (GCMs) is that their time resolutions do not generally agree. Precipitation forecasts from GCM must be scaled down; however, the distribution of the rainfall intensity, which can affect soil loss as much as precipitation amounts, is usually not considered in this process. Therefore, the objective of this study was to develop a statistical equation for computing event-based rainfall...
Topics: CLIGEN, Daily rainfall, Erosivity, Global circulation models, RUSLE, Soil loss
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change impacts lead to alterations in migration patterns and the displacement of exposed native communities and peoples in the Arctic region, forcing them to leave their homes and traditional ways of life as a result of rapid local ecological changes. This paper illustrates climate-related displacements and subsequent relocation as extremely complex processes, and proposes traditional knowledge as a relevant source of knowledge both at local level and policy making spheres. The main...
Topics: Arctic, Climate change, Climate migration, Displacement, Traditional knowledge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Construction must play a major role in meeting climate change targets, but this will require major changes in industry practice. The sector will need to adopt innovative low-carbon technologies, integrate these within novel building designs and ensure these designs are constructed, implemented and optimised successfully. A likely precondition for this is greater levels of integration within the construction supply chain. While there is evidence that supply chain integration (SCI) can improve...
Topics: Buildings, Construction, Innovation, Low-carbon, Near zero-energy, Non-domestic, Supply chain
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jason N. James; Norah Kates; Catherine D. Kuhn; Caitlin E. Littlefield; Colton W. Miller; Jonathan D. Bakker; David E. Butman; Ryan D. Haugo
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Ecological restoration has become an overarching management paradigm for sustaining the health and resilience of forests across western North America. Restoration often involves mechanical thinning to promote development of complex habitats in moist, productive forests and mechanical thinning with prescribed fire to reduce fuels and restore natural disturbance regimes in dry, fire prone forests. This systematic review quantified the impact of restoration treatments on forest ecosystem carbon...
Topics: Carbon budget, Climate change mitigation, Ecosystem services, Forest carbon, Forest restoration,...
The Government of Bangladesh has been establishing mangrove plantations since 1960. This study analyzes results from a household survey across eight coastal villages to investigate how local rural communities utilize these resources. The predominant direct use by households is the extraction of combustible fuel. Econometric results suggest that determinants of the household decision to collect fuelwood include respondent occupation and village. Farmers are less likely to extract mangrove fuels...
Topics: Afforestation, Climate change adaptation policy, Fuelwood, Mangrove forests, Rural development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the wake of the continued failure to mitigate greenhouse gases, researchers have explored the possibility of injecting aerosols into the stratosphere in order to cool global temperatures. This paper discusses whether Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI) should be researched, on the controversial ethical assumption that reducing existential risk is overwhelmingly morally important. On the one hand, SAI could eliminate the environmental existential risks of climate change (arguably around a...
Topics: Climate change, Existential risk, Geoengineering, Moral hazard, Stratospheric aerosol injection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chiranjeewee Khadka; Nabin Dhungana; Pavel Cudlin; Harald Vacik
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The community-based climate change adaptation plan of action (CAPA) ensures a bottom-up planning process to minimize climate impacts on the livelihood of vulnerable people and provides adaptation actions for increasing resilience capacity in Nepal. This paper mainly examines the role of participatory tools and techniques with the potential to identify the level of vulnerability and likely adaptation measures to increase the forest resilience capacities of communities where CAPA has been...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Multi-variate analysis, Participatory tools,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Hirons; T. W. Gole; C. McDermott; E. Boyd; E. Robinson; D. Sheleme; Y. Malhi; J. Mason; K. Norris
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This paper provides a multi-scalar examination of the Ethiopian coffee sector and its pursuit of climate resilience. Concern is growing about the potential impact of climate change on Arabica coffee in Ethiopia and the 25 million livelihoods it supports. Arabica coffee has a relatively narrow envelope of climatic suitability and recent studies suggest that the area of bioclimatically suitable space for the species in its native Ethiopia could decline dramatically in the coming decades. We adopt...
Topics: Arabica coffee, Climate change, Ethiopia, Forest governance, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Koen J.J. Kuipers; Lauran F.C.M. van Oers; Miranda Verboon; Ester van der Voet
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Utilisation of resources is closely linked to population growth and economic and technological development. Hence, it is expected that global resource demand will increase substantially over the next decades. This resource challenge is currently partly addressed by the UNEP-IRP resource scenario activity, where metals, non-metallic minerals, and biomass resource availability and consumption scenarios are being developed. Advancements in the understanding of environmental impacts induced by...
Topics: Copper (Cu), Environmental assessment, Environmental impact, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Life...
Conventional and novel observations made in the Waimea River basin between 1960 and 1995 permit the total riverine mass flux to be estimated and the influence that flow restoration will have on sediment dynamics in the river's lower reaches to be assessed. Flows between the threshold for sediment transport (~6.0 m 3 s −1 ) and the most effective flow (80.7 m 3 s −1 ) recur annually and transport ~60% of the Waimea River's suspended sediment load. Discharges of this magnitude essentially...
Topics: Climate change, Flow diversion, Flow restoration, Riverine mass flux, Sediment transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrew Newsham; María T. Pulido; Martina Ulrichs; Roberto Muñoz Cruz; Xóchitl Cantellano Ocón; Alexander Shankland; Terry Cannon
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This paper scrutinises claims made about the promise and efficacy of ecosystems-based adaptation (EBA), through an exploration of EBA-relevant interventions in two fieldsites in Mexico. Our data starts to fill important gaps in current global debates about EBA. We find evidence of the important contribution of interventions relevant to EBA objectives at a small scale and under very specific conditions. However, the viability of similar interventions is substantially reduced, and arguably...
Topics: Ecosystems-based adaptation, Mexico, Payments for ecosystems services, Political ecology, Protected...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Damalas; C. Mettas; E. Evagorou; S. Giannecchini; C. Iasio; M. Papadopoulos; A. Konstantinou; D. Hadjimitsis
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Research studies using a Geo-Spatial Early Warning Decision Support System (GE-DSS) based platform and tool to integrate and link decision makers, Emergency Operation Centres (EOCs), Operational Resources (OR) in the field for multi-hazard or disaster management in accordance relative to the New European Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) priorities have neither been explored nor implemented. The goal of the DECATASTROPHIZE (DECAT) platform is to use a GE-DSS to assess, prepare for and...
Topics: Disaster management, European Union (EU) Civil Protection Mechanism, Geo-spatial Early Warning...