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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. Frappart; P. Azemar; P. L. Vu; T. Le Toan; B. Lubac; J. Darrozes
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Lakes and reservoirs have been identified as sentinels of climate change. Tonle Sap is the largest lake in both the Mekong Basin and Southeast Asia and because of the importance of its ecosystem, it is has been described as the “heart of the lower Mekong”. Its seasonal cycle depends on the annual flood pulse governed by the flow of the Mekong River. This study provides an impact analysis of recent climatic events from El Niño 1997/1998 to El Niño 2015/2016 on surface storage variations in...
Topics: ENSO, EVI, Mekong Basin, Monsoon, Multi-satellite, PDO, Rainfall, Surface water storage
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by João Paulo Romanelli; Jaqueline Tomiê Fujimoto; Marcilene Dantas Ferreira; Douglas Henrique Milanez
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A bibliometric analysis was performed to evaluate the global scientific production on ecological restoration from the period of 1997 to 2017. This analysis was based on online database of Science Citation Index Expanded – Web of Science© and a total of 3297 publications was retrieved. The analysis comprised seven main aspects: (1) publication activity, (2) Web of Science categories, (3) journals, (4) countries, (5) authors, (6) organizations and (7) keywords. The results indicated that the...
Topics: Bibliometric map, Restoration ecology, Soil, Systemic approach, Tropical ecosystems, VOSviewer
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Peraza-Castro; E. Ruiz-Romera; M. Meaurio; S. Sauvage; J. M. Sánchez-Pérez
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The separate and combined effects of climate change and forest clearcutting on discharge, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and particulate organic carbon (POC) load at a seasonal and annual scale were evaluated for the Oka catchment. Compared to the baseline scenario (1970–2000), climate change displayed a decrease in annual rainfall (RCP4.5: 27% and RCP8.5: 28%) and an increase in mean temperature (12% for both emission scenarios). Together with the decrease in rainfall, a decrease in...
Topics: Climate change, Forest clearcutting, Hydrological modelling, SWAT
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Félix Massiot-Granier; Martin Castonguay; Hilaire Drouineau; Emili García-Berthou; Pascal Laffaille; Alain Lechêne; Mario Lepage; Karin Limburg; Jérémy Lobry; Eric Rochard; Kenneth Rose; Juliette Rosebery; Thibaud Rougier
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Climate, by altering the spatio-temporal distributions of suitable habitats, leads to modifications in a multitude of species ranges. In recent years, the ability of species to adjust to changing climatic conditions is of growing concern. In the present study, a generic trait-based method to assess species exploratory potential under climate change is proposed. “Exploratory potential” is here defined as the capacity of species to initiate the act of leaving their current habitats and to...
Topics: Climate change, Composite metric, Exploration, Migratory species, Participatory method, Range shift
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jenny Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola; Mika Siljander; Vuokko Heikinheimo; Petri Pellikka; Janne Soininen
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Understanding how species are distributed in space and time is a focal element guiding conservational efforts under ongoing climate change and the Holocene extinction. Freshwater habitats are currently one of the most threatened ecosystem types, and studies aiming to unravel factors that govern biodiversity of tropical stream micro-organisms are especially scarce. Diatoms play an important role as primary producers in streams and are widely used as ecological indicators. However, relatively...
Topics: Beta diversity, Community structure, Diatoms, Environmental heterogeneity, Headwaters, Tropics
Due to few comparative studies, explanations for differences in adaptation mainstreaming between sectors remain widely unclear. The article analyzes how adaptation mainstreaming was approached during the development of the Swiss National Adaptation Strategy and to what extent adaptation objectives were mainstreamed into sectoral policies. The analysis reveals that in Switzerland, adaptation objectives are integrated more substantially into sectoral policies when they overlap with primary...
Topics: Adaptation mainstreaming, Climate change adaptation, National adaptation strategies, Policy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper studies the delegation of climate policy to a supranational environmental authority. We develop a simple model of a world consisting of a large number of countries, which derive utility from energy consumption. Countries suffer from global warming and local air pollution, both caused by the combustion of fossil fuels, and decide individually on investments in clean technologies for energy production. A supranational environmental authority decides for each country on the maximally...
Topics: Optimal delegation, Supranational environmental authority
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kenji Fujisaki; Lydie Chapuis-Lardy; Alain Albrecht; Tantely Razafimbelo; Jean Luc Chotte; Tiphaine Chevallier
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Organic carbon saturation in soils refers to the theoretical maximum soil organic carbon (SOC) that can be associated with and stabilized on fine silt plus clay particles (F < 20 μm). We reviewed the literature dealing with SOC distribution between soil fractions to evaluate carbon saturation for tropical soils and estimate the C storage potential of cropland. We collected 258 data points on SOC distribution between soil fractions in tropical soils from 84 sites in 27 countries. We used...
Topics: Boundary line analysis, Fine particles, Particulate organic matter, Soil carbon saturation, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jing Shi; Vivianne H.M. Visschers; Noëmi Bumann; Michael Siegrist
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In contemporary society, sustainable food production and consumption are increasingly important to mitigate climate change. Food production and consumption result in large greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thus have a large environmental impact. To positively influence consumers in reducing their food related climate impact, it is important to understand their perception of the climate impacts related to food products. We conducted five online experiments to better understand how laypersons...
Topics: Consumer estimated climate impact, Country of origin, Food products, Mode of transport, Production...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Heatwaves have always occurred, but they are expected to intensify in frequency, duration and intensity due to climate change. Germany (like most European countries) experienced a distinct heatwave in 2003. Afterwards local heat health action plans (HHAP) were implemented in numerous regions (for example in Hesse). This analysis was designed to compare the heat wave of 2003 with the following ones in 2006, 2010 and 2015. We discuss whether measures from the Hessian HHAP were effective in...
Topics: Excess mortality, Heat, Heatwave, Mortality
This study focuses on two different but interlinked lines of evidence that critically examine land surface processes contributing to the formation of desert pavements in the central Sahara. (1) Soil pedostratigraphies from the Messak plateau (SW Libya) illustrate phases of land surface stability and instability that reflect humid and arid phases of Quaternary climate, respectively. (2) The density and morphologies of surface lithic scatters in the same region were re-examined, based on data...
Topics: Libya, Lithic scatters, Quaternary climate change, Soil stratigraphy, Ventifacts
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As the relationship between vegetation and soil moisture is complex and reciprocal, there is a need to understand how spatial patterns in soil moisture influence the distribution of vegetation, and how the structure of vegetation canopies and root networks regulates the partitioning of precipitation. Spatial patterns of soil moisture are often difficult to visualise as usually, soil moisture is measured at point scales, and often difficult to extrapolate. Here, we address the difficulties in...
Topics: Electrical resistivity tomography, Forest, Moorland, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Future changes in rainfall patterns induced by climate changes will affect society and ecosystems, and quantifying these changes is of utmost importance for the management of hydroclimate risk. In particular, the estimation of intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves for rainfall data is a routine procedure in urban hydrology and hydraulic studies and should be revisited to reflect future changes in rainfall variability. In this work, we propose a novel methodology based on the...
Topics: Bayesian model, Climate change, Intensity-Duration-Frequency curves, Rainfall, Regional estimates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ireen Vieweg; Eider Bilbao; James P. Meador; Ibon Cancio; Miren P. Cajaraville; Jasmine Nahrgang
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Polar cod is an abundant Arctic key species, inhabiting an ecosystem that is subjected to rapid climate change and increased petroleum related activities. Few studies have investigated biological effects of crude oil on lipid metabolism in this species, despite lipids being a crucial compound for Arctic species to adapt to the high seasonality in food abundance in their habitat. This study examines the effects of dietary crude oil exposure on transcription levels of genes related to lipid...
Topics: Biotransformation, Crude oil, Lipid metabolism, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, Plasma...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fabio Attorre; Thomas Abeli; Chiara Montagnani; Gianluigi Bacchetta; Alessio Farcomeni; Giuseppe Fenu; Michele De Sanctis; Domenico Gargano; Lorenzo Peruzzi; Graziano Rossi; Fabio Conti; Simone Orsenigo
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Climate change can have significant impacts on the survival of plant species. However, it is seldom included in the assessment of the extinction risk according to IUCN Red List criteria. Lack of data and uncertainties of predictions make difficult such inclusion. In our paper we present an approach, in which the effect of climate change on plant species spatial distribution is used to prioritize conservation within IUCN categories. We used, as a case study, 37 Italian policy species, relevant...
Topics: Cellular automaton, Climate change, Conservation policy, Random forest, Range shift, Red lists
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jong Hwan Park; Jim J. Wang; Ran Xiao; Scott M. Pensky; Manoch Kongchum; Ronald D. DeLaune; Dong Cheol Seo
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Mercury adsorption characteristics of Mississippi River deltaic plain (MRDP) freshwater marsh soil in the Louisiana Gulf coast were evaluated under various conditions. Mercury adsorption was well described by pseudo-second order and Langmuir isotherm models with maximum adsorption capacity of 39.8 mg g −1 . Additional fitting of intraparticle model showed that mercury in the MRDP freshwater marsh soil was controlled by both external surface adsorption and intraparticle diffusion. The...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal wetland, Freshwater marsh, Mercury adsorption, Metal fractionation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sanjeev Kumar; P. S. Bhavya; R. Ramesh; G. V.M. Gupta; Fidel Chiriboga; Arvind Singh; Indrani Karunasagar; Ashwin Rai; Ann Sofi Rehnstam-Holm; Lars Edler; Anna Godhe
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As projected by climate change models, increase in sea surface temperature and precipitation in the future may alter nutrient cycling in the coastal regions due to potential changes in phytoplankton community structure and their ability to assimilate nitrogen (N) and carbon (C). An experiment simulating different temperature and salinity conditions (28°C-35 ambient conditions, 28ºC-31, 31ºC-35 and 31ºC-31) in mesocosms containing 1000 L of coastal water from the Arabian Sea was performed...
Topics: Climate change, Mesocosm experiment, Nitrogen, Phytoplankton, Uptake
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrew Cogswell; Blair J.W. Greenan; Philip Greyson
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The potential benefits of using a geometric mean method for computing a vulnerability index are presented using both simulated variables as well as data from a Canadian coastal geodatabase (CanCoast). The assessment of vulnerability of natural and built coastal infrastructure to sea level rise is used to demonstrate the advantages of this method for climate change adaptation planning and decision-making. As with most real world datasets the probability distribution of individual variables in...
Topics: CVI, Coastal vulnerability, Geometric mean, Risk assessment, Vulnerability index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anne Lemahieu; Lucy Scott; Willem S. Malherbe; Paubert Tsimanaoraty Mahatante; José Victor Randrianarimanana; Shankar Aswani
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Southwest Madagascar is a region that is significantly impacted upon by climate change. As in a lot of developing countries, the livelihoods of many communities in this region are dependent on fishing. This makes these communities particularly vulnerable to climate-related changes. We conducted a survey in two coastal fishing communities in the Toliara Province, Ambola and Ambotsibotsike. Using a free listing exercise, semi-structured interviews and focus group methods, we documented local...
Topics: Climate change perception, Local ecological knowledge, Madagascar, Traditional small-scale fisheries
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Janice M. Lord; Alan F. Mark; Tanja Humar-Maegli; Stephan R.P. Halloy; Peter Bannister; Allison Knight; Katharine J.M. Dickinson
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Alpine ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to the impact of global climate change. Depth and duration of seasonal snow cover are major drivers of variation in alpine plant community composition, so a reduction in snow cover as a result of climate change would expose plants that are currently protected by snow in winter and spring to greater extremes of temperature and increased risk of frost damage. We reciprocally transplanted 64 intact 60 cm × 60 cm × 10 cm (minimum depth) turves of...
Topics: Climate change, Herbivory, Reciprocal transplants, Snowbed, Thamnolia vermicularis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Linda Maring; Maaike Blauw
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Pressure on urban areas increases by demographic and climate change. To enable healthy, adaptive and liveable urban areas different strategies are needed. One of the strategies is to make better use of subsurface space and its functions. Asset management of the Subsurface (AMS) contributes to this. Asset management provides transparency of trade-offs between performance, cost and risks throughout the entire lifecycle of these assets. AMS is based on traditional asset management methods, but it...
Topics: Asset management, Land management, Subsoil, Subsurface, Urban planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Saowanit Prabnakorn; Shreedhar Maskey; F. X. Suryadi; Charlotte de Fraiture
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Rice yields in Thailand are among the lowest in Asia. In northeast Thailand where about 90% of rice cultivation is rain-fed, climate variability and change affect rice yields. Understanding climate characteristics and their impacts on the rice yield is important for establishing proper adaptation and mitigation measures to enhance productivity. In this paper, we investigate climatic conditions of the past 30 years (1984–2013) and assess the impacts of the recent climate trends on rice yields...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate variability, Mun River Basin, Rice yield, SPEI, Thailand
The implications of anthropogenic climate change, human activities and land use change (LUC) on the environment and ecosystem services in the coastal regions of Saudi Arabia were analyzed. Earth observations data was used to drive land use categories between 1970 and 2014. Next, a Markov-CA model was developed to characterize the dynamic of LUC between 2014 and 2100 and their impacts on regions' climate and environment. Non-parametric change point and trend detection algorithms were applied to...
Topics: Environment, Human activities, Markov-CA"
This study aims to characterize future changes in precipitation extremes over China based on regional climate models (RCMs) participating in the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX)-East Asia project. The results of five RCMs involved in CORDEX-East Asia project that driven by HadGEM2-AO are compared with the simulation of CMA-RegCM driven by BCC-CSM1.1. Eleven precipitation extreme indices that developed by the Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices are...
Topics: 1.5 °C warming, 2.0 °C warming, CORDEX, China, Precipitation extremes, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jaime Madrigal-González; Enrique Andivia; Miguel A. Zavala; Markus Stoffel; Joaquín Calatayud; Raúl Sánchez-Salguero; Juan Ballesteros-Cánovas
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Climate change can impair ecosystem functions and services in extensive dry forests worldwide. However, attribution of climate change impacts on tree growth and forest productivity is challenging due to multiple inter-annual patterns of climatic variability associated with atmospheric and oceanic circulations. Moreover, growth responses to rising atmospheric CO 2 , namely carbon fertilization, as well as size ontogenetic changes can obscure the climate change signature as well. Here we apply...
Topics: Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, Dry forests, Mediterranean Oscillation Index, North Atlantic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To improve C sequestration in soils and mitigate climate change, it is essential to understand how nutrient management strategies impact on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks and labile fractions. This study was designed to explore changes in soil bulk density (BD), SOC concentrations, SOC stocks and soil labile organic C fractions (mineralizable C (Cmin), microbial biomass C (MBC), dissolved organic C (DOC), particulate organic C (POC), light fraction organic C (LFOC) and permanganate oxidizable...
Topics: Labile organic carbon fractions, Long-term fertilization, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jian Ying Qi; Shu Tian Yang; Jian Fu Xue; Cai Xia Liu; Jian Ping Hao; Fu Zhu Cui
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Agriculture is a primary contributor of greenhouse gas emissions and thus plays an important role in global climate change. Assessments of the carbon footprints of agricultural products are therefore helpful in climate change mitigation. The objective of this study was to provide a quantitative estimate of the carbon footprint of spring maize (Zea mays L.) production under different cultivation patterns. Four cultivation patterns were assessed in this study: traditional pattern, optimal...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Cultivation pattern, Environmental impact, Greenhouse gas emissions, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. K.S. Chan; C. Joon Chuah; A. D. Ziegler; M. Dąbrowski
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Many coastal cities are experiencing growing risk to hydrological hazards through the combination of uncontrolled urban development and exposure to natural phenomena linked to climate change, including rising sea levels, intensified storms, and amplified storm surges. This growing risk is particularly acute in Asian coastal mega-cities, many of which have yet to develop adequate adaptation policies to address plausible impacts of climate change. In this analysis, we review how Hong Kong and...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Coastal cities, Flood risk management, Hong Kong and Singapore, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global climate change caused by carbon emissions poses a severe challenge to human economic and social development. The Chinese government has committed to a series of emission reduction initiatives to achieve carbon intensity targets by actively promoting the green transformation of the industrial sector—the main source of energy consumption and environmental pollution. This transformation has been ongoing for more than five years, and the effects, problems and experiences are worth...
Topics: Carbon intensity, China, Dynamic threshold model, Environmental regulation, Industrial green...
As one of the most populous countries, China has policies protecting the amount of land available for crop production, but it does not consider the quality of land. Thus, an important issue is the impact on crop production by land use change under such policies and by notable climate variability during the past decades. Using a productivity attenuation method, we estimated the climatic productivity of winter wheat (WWCP) in the North China Plain, based on land use classification data and daily...
Topics: Agriculture and land policy, Climatic productivity, Crop modelling, Impact and adaptation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marc Corbeels; David Berre; Leonard Rusinamhodzi; Santiago Lopez-Ridaura
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Climate model projections coupled with process-based crop models are advocated for assessing impacts of climate change on crop yields and for informing crop-level adaptations. However, most reported studies are vague on the choice of the global circulation models (GCMs) for climate projections, and on the corresponding uncertainty with this type of model simulations. Here we investigated whether climate-crop modelling can be used for identifying crop management-level adaptation options. We...
Topics: Climate models, Crop modelling, Crop yield, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mikko Peltoniemi; Mika Aurela; Kristin Böttcher; Pasi Kolari; John Loehr; Tatu Hokkanen; Jouni Karhu; Cemal Melih Tanis; Sari Metsämäki; Juha Pekka Tuovinen; Timo Vesala; Ali Nadir Arslan
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Ecosystems’ potential to provide services, e.g. to sequester carbon, is largely driven by the phenological cycle of vegetation. Timing of phenological events is required for understanding and predicting the influence of climate change on ecosystems and to support analyses of ecosystem functioning. Analyses of conventional camera time series mounted near vegetation has been suggested as a means of monitoring phenological events and supporting wider monitoring of phenological cycle of biomes...
Topics: Birch, Budburst, Camera, Monitoring, Phenology, Time lapse
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debjani Sihi; Eric A. Davidson; Min Chen; Kathleen E. Savage; Andrew D. Richardson; Trevor F. Keenan; David Y. Hollinger
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Heterotrophic respiration (Rh), microbial processing of soil organic matter to carbon dioxide (CO2), is a major, yet highly uncertain, carbon (C) flux from terrestrial systems to the atmosphere. Temperature sensitivity of Rh is often represented with a simple Q10 function in ecosystem models and earth system models (ESMs), sometimes accompanied by an empirical soil moisture modifier. More explicit representation of the effects of soil moisture, substrate supply, and their interactions with...
Topics: Climate change, DAMM, FöBAAR, Q10, Soil carbon, Soil respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shweta Srinivasan; Nazar Kholod; Vaibhav Chaturvedi; Probal Pratap Ghosh; Ritu Mathur; Leon Clarke; Meredydd Evans; Mohamad Hejazi; Amit Kanudia; Poonam Nagar Koti; Bo Liu; Kirit S. Parikh; Mohammed Sahil Ali; Kabir Sharma
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This paper provides projections of water withdrawals and consumption for electricity generation in India through 2050. Based on the results from five energy-economic modeling teams, the paper explores the implications of economic growth, power plant cooling policies, and electricity CO2 emissions reductions on water withdrawals and consumption. To understand how different modeling approaches derive different results for energy-water interactions, the five teams used harmonized assumptions...
Topics: Electricity generation, Emissions, India, Water consumption, Water withdrawals
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allyson Williams; Shahbaz Mushtaq; Louis Kouadio; Brendan Power; Torben Marcussen; David McRae; Geoff Cockfield
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Modelling cotton production at the farm-scale provides insight into the importance of water management options in adapting to climate change, especially given the renewed focus of government policies on irrigation water access and allocations. Using an irrigated cotton farm in southern Queensland as a case study, we investigated two possible adaptation strategies in response to changes in water resources from projected climate change (CSIRO Mk3.5, A1FI scenario). The modelled farm produced...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change policy, Cotton, Farming systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Haoran Zhang; Xuan Song; Tianqi Xia; Meng Yuan; Zipei Fan; Ryosuke Shibasaki; Yongtu Liang
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With the pressing demand of climate change mitigation, the rapid technological development and market adoption of battery electric vehicles are imperative. However, the diverse consumption attitudes and their interactions, which are rarely considered, can significantly affect the adoption potential of battery electric vehicles. On the basis of three years of global positioning system data of 1.6 million people, we estimated the travel and adoption demands of battery electric vehicles in Japan...
Topics: Adoption potential, Climate change mitigation, Consumption attitude, Human mobile behavior
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Rose Eilenberg; Kristen M. Fedak; Sankar Sambandam; Megan Benka-Coker; Brooke Reynolds; Jennifer Peel; Maggie Clark; Ming Shan; Christian L'Orange; Jeffrey R. Pierce; R. Subramanian
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Cookstoves have wide-reaching impacts on human health, air quality, and the climate. We measured emissions from uncontrolled cooking in 41 households in China, Honduras, Uganda, and India using a portable sampler. Test sites were chosen to cover a range of stove types (traditional and “improved”), fuels (wood, charcoal and coal), and cooking practices. We report test-integrated fuel-based emission factors (EFs) of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) mass, organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon...
Topics: Biomass, Climate change, Cookstoves, Household energy, Particulate matter, Residential emissions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Abrar Faiz; Dong Liu; Qiang Fu; Qiaohong Sun; Mo Li; Faisal Baig; Tianxiao Li; Song Cui
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The assessment of changes in the precipitation over a region is an important task that is significant for climate modeling and for understanding and monitoring natural hazards and hydrological cycle characteristics. However, the accuracies of gridded precipitation data sets should be evaluated and examined in reference to ground information and observations, as these data can be affected by systematic errors. Therefore, the current study was carried out to evaluate the performances of long-term...
Topics: Climate change, Concentration index, Gridded datasets, Precipitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In an effort to address climate change, in 2013 China launched the world's largest government-driven carbon emission reduction programme, the National Low Carbon Industrial Parks Pilot Programme (LCIPPP). This paper analyses this newly developed pilot program. To deepen our understanding of the causes and the impact of industrial park CO 2 emissions, we use the STIRPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology) model and data from 20 pilot industrial parks...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Low carbon industrial park, STIRPAT model
Transitioning food, energy and water systems for adaptation and mitigation of climate change is a challenge requiring social as well as technological solutions. The best technological solutions will only be effective if combined with behavior changes placing climate change at the forefront of our socio-cultural consciousness. Education is central in creating such a shift. Climate researchers have an important role in aiding the uptake of climate change education in U.S. public schools, where...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy and pedagogy, Science communication, Social behavior...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brooks A. Kaiser; Melina Kourantidou; Linda Fernandez
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Closing of the marine commons increases economic returns and slows depletion of valuable ocean resources. Rights-based management is widely used for fisheries rationalization. Regulators with sound biological and economic information can in theory set overall harvest control rules that protect the fish stocks, and manage for external costs and benefits from harvest. These may include ecosystem damages, overcapitalization in the fishery, and/or equity concerns. Regulatory efforts and related...
Topics: Fisheries economics, Open access fisheries, Property rights regimes, Snow Crab (C. opilio),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yang Dai; Meng Fei Wang; Shou Lin Jiang; Yi Fei Zhang; Megha N. Parajulee; Fa Jun Chen
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Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can markedly affect the growth, development, reproduction and behavior of herbivorous insects, mainly by changing the primary and secondary metabolites of their host plants. However, little is known about the host-selection behavior and the respective intrinsic mechanism of sap-sucking insects in response to elevated CO2. In this experiment, the host-selection behavior, as well as the physiological mechanism based on the analysis of growth,...
Topics: Aphis gossypii, Elevated CO2, Host-selection behavior, Olfactory-related genes, Physiological...
The transformation of natural landscapes into impervious built-up surfaces through urbanization is known to significantly interfere with the ecological integrity of urban landscapes and accelerate climate change and associated impacts. Although urban reforestation is widely recognised as an ideal mitigation practice against these impacts, it often has to compete with other lucrative land uses within an urban area. The often limited urban space provided for reforestation therefore necessitates...
Topics: Elevation, Partial least squares regression, Slope, Topographic wetness index, Urban ecological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tom Roach; Zoran Kapelan; Ralph Ledbetter
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This paper aims to develop new, resilience type metrics for long-term water resources management under uncertain climate change and population growth. Resilience is defined here as the ability of a water resources management system to ‘bounce back’, i.e. absorb and then recover from a water deficit event, restoring the normal system operation. Ten alternative metrics are proposed and analysed addressing a range of different resilience aspects including duration, magnitude, frequency and...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Performance metrics, Reliability, Resilience, Water resources...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pantana Tor-ngern; Andrew Oishi; Sune Linder; Mikaell Ottosson-Löfvenius
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The forest hydrologic cycle is expected to have important feedback responses to climate change, impacting processes ranging from local water supply and primary productivity to global water and energy cycles. Here, we analyzed water budgets of pine forests worldwide. We first estimated local water balance of forests dominated by two wide-ranging species: Pinus taeda (36 °N) and Pinus sylvestris (64 °N). In these stands, growing season evapotranspiration (ET) was largely insensitive to...
Topics: Canopy transpiration, Evapotranspiration, Growing season, Pinus, Precipitation, Water balance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaoyu Wang; Tao Li; Lizhi Wang; Xiaoguang Yang; Tianyi Zhang; Zhijuan Liu; Erjing Guo; Ziqi Liu; Huihui Qu; Xi Chen; Hongtao Xiang; Yongcai Lai
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Northeast China (NEC) is one of the most important rice production areas in China, accounting for approximately 15% of its total national rice production, and is one of the regions most vulnerable to global climate change. Knowing crops’ potential yields is crucial to understanding comparisons of different cultivars, crops and environments as well as plausible future increases and limits to crop yields. To mitigate the impacts of climate change and enhance food security, investigating yield...
Topics: Agroclimatic zones, Climate change, ORYZA (v3) crop model, Rice, Yield constraints, Yield gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charlotte Rachael Hopkins; David Mark Bailey; Tavis Potts
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As international pressure for marine protection has increased, Scotland has increased spatial protection through the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) network. Few MPA networks to date have included specific considerations of climate change in the design, monitoring or management of the network. The Scottish MPA network followed a feature-led approach to identify a series of MPAs across the Scottish marine area and incorporated the diverse views of many different stakeholders. This...
Topics: Climate change, Delphi technique, MPA management, Marine protected area network, Scotland
Transition studies have made constructive efforts to attend more closely to the politics of sustainability transitions, with discourse emerging as an increasingly important means of interrogating these dynamics. Drawing on discourse perspectives, this study deploys the multi-dimensional discursive approach to explore framing struggles surrounding a climate change mitigation experience of international significance (the phase-out of coal-fired power in Ontario), revealing how ideas, interests,...
Topics: Coal phase-out, Discourse, Framing, Multi-dimensional discursive approach, Pathways, Transitions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benoit Thibodeau; Henning A. Bauch; Jochen Knies
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Understanding the dynamic of freshwater and sea-ice export from the Arctic is crucial to better comprehend the potential near-future climate change consequences. Here, we report nitrogen isotope data of a core from the Laptev Sea to shed light on the impact of the Holocene Siberian transgression on the summer stratification of the Laptev Sea. Our data suggest that the oceanographic setting was less favourable to sea-ice formation in the Laptev Sea during the early to mid-Holocene. It is only...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Filomena Pietrapertosa; Valeriy Khokhlov; Monica Salvia; Carmelina Cosmi
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Building a climate-ready adaptation society is an urgent question that cannot be postponed. Along the path towards an increase in climate resilience, a stimulating role is played by EU projects as well as by international climate networks such as the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation (Mayors Adapt), launched in 2014, and the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy which “pledge to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and to adopt an integrated approach...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, National adaptation action plan, National adaptation strategy, South...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jingyi Huang; Budiman Minasny; Alex B. McBratney; José Padarian; John Triantafilis
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Much research has been conducted to understand the spatial distribution of soil carbon stock and its temporal dynamics. However, an agreement has not been reached on whether increasing global temperature has a positive or negative feedback on soil carbon stocks. By analysing global maps of soil organic carbon (SOC) using a spherical wavelet analysis, it was found that the correlation between SOC and soil temperature at the regional scale was negative between 52° N and 40° S parallels and...
Topics: Carbon pool, Carbon sink, Climate change, Soil forming factor, Soil variability
Fencing and grass plantation are two key interventions to preserve the degraded grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Climate warming and N deposition have substantially affected the alpine grassland ecosystems. However, molecular composition of soil organic carbon (SOC), the indicator of degradation of SOC, and its responses to climate change are still largely unclear. In this study, we conducted the experiments in three types of land use on the QTP: alpine meadow (AM), alpine steppe...
Topics: Climate warming, Land use, Molecular composition, Nitrogen deposition, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, SOC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lingjie Lei; Jianyang Xia; Xiaona Li; Kun Huang; Ang Zhang; Shiping Chen; Ensheng Weng; Yiqi Luo; Shiqiang Wan
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Recent evidences show that terrestrial biogeochemical models have large uncertainty in estimating climate-change effect on grassland net ecosystem productivity (NEP), which is defined as the difference between gross ecosystem photosynthesis (GEP) and respiration (ER). It remains unclear that whether GEP or ER limits the model capability to simulate NEP responses to climate change in semiarid grasslands. Given the surrogate CENTURY-type model is widely used for Earth system modeling, we...
Topics: Carbon cycle, Climate change, Ecosystem respiration, Manipulative experiment, Terrestrial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Golam Saleh Ahmed Salem; So Kazama; Shamsuddin Shahid; Nepal C. Dey
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The objective of the present study was to assess the impacts of climate change on irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region in northwest Bangladesh. An ensemble of general circulation model (GCMs) were used for the projection of climate, an empirical hydrological model based on support vector machine (SVM) was used to simulate groundwater level from climatic variables, and a multiple-linear regression (MLR) model was used to estimate the irrigation cost due to the changes in...
Topics: Global circulation model, Groundwater level, Irrigation cost
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chris Taylor; Brendan Cullen; Michael D'Occhio; Lauren Rickards; Richard Eckard
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Underestimating the impacts of climate change on agricultural production could lead to complacency about the potential adaptation challenges. This study used a Representative Climate Futures (RCF) approach to model projected wheat yields under climate change in Australia. It simulated the range of impacts, resulting from a subset of individual Global Climate Models (GCMs), on wheat production in the major wheat regions of Australia. The study used RCFs that represented ‘most-likely’...
Topics: Modelling, Representative climate futures, Wheat, crop"
Dust aerosols are the main aerosol components of the atmosphere that affect climate change, but the contribution of dust devils to the atmospheric dust aerosol budget is uncertain. In this study, a new parameterization scheme for dust devils was established and coupled with WRF-Chem, and the diurnal and monthly variations and the contribution of dust devils to the atmospheric dust aerosol budget in East Asia was simulated. The results show that 1) both the diurnal and monthly variations in dust...
Topics: Atmospheric dust aerosols, Contribution rate, Diurnal variation, Dust devil, Monthly variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rebecca L. Mau; Paul Dijkstra; Egbert Schwartz; Benjamin J. Koch; Bruce A. Hungate
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Soil contains the largest terrestrial pool of carbon (C), but how this pool will be affected by global change remains unknown. Warmer temperatures generally increase soil respiration, while additional C inputs from plants to soil can increase or decrease soil C decomposition rates through a phenomenon known as priming. Priming occurs when soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition rates change in response to a fresh substrate, though the mechanisms underlying priming are poorly understood. Here,...
Topics: Climate change, Priming, SOM decomposition, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Beixi Jia; Yuxuan Wang; Shan Huang; Yang Nan; Xuwen Zhou
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We examined the correlations between winter aerosol optical depth (AOD) in North China (NC) and three synoptic-scale meteorological indices from 2001 to 2016, including the Siberian High intensity (SHI), East Asian Winter Monsoon intensity (EAWMI), and the Siberian High Position index (SHPI). To separate the influences from meteorology and emissions, NC AOD was detrended by subtracting a linear increasing trend from 2001 to 2013 and a decreasing trend from 2014 to 2016, in correspondence with...
Topics: Future air quality, North China, Siberian High Position index, Synoptic-scale circulation, Winter...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher M. Hamilton; Brooke L. Bateman; Patricia J. Heglund; Jessica M. Gorzo; Wayne E. Thogmartin; M. Zachariah Peery; Volker C. Radeloff; Anna M. Pidgeon
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Climate change is accompanied by shifts in species distributions, as portions of current ranges become less suitable. Maintaining or improving landscape connectivity to facilitate species movements is a primary approach to mitigate the effects of climate change on biodiversity. However, it is not clear how ongoing changes in land use and climate may affect the existing connectivity of landscapes. We evaluated shifts in habitat suitability and connectivity for the imperiled Blanding's turtle...
Topics: Circuitscape, Dispersal, Emissions scenarios, Land use change, Maxent, Species distribution model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lu Gao; Jie Huang; Xingwei Chen; Ying Chen; Meibing Liu
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This study focuses on the analysis of the nonstationarity characteristics of extreme precipitation and their attributions in the southeastern coastal region of China. The maximum daily precipitation (MDP) series is extracted from observations at 79 meteorological stations in the study area during the first flood season (April–June) from 1960 to 2012. The trends of the mean (Mn) and variance (Var) of MDP are detected using the Generalized Additive Models for Location, Scale, and Shape...
Topics: Climate change, Human activity, Nonstationarity, Precipitation, Risk, Trend
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salvador Guzmán-Sánchez; Daniel Jato-Espino; Ignacio Lombillo; Jose Manuel Diaz-Sarachaga
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The sustainability of cities is being influenced by their roofs, which cover a high proportion of built-up areas and whose design is crucial to control their economic, environmental and social impacts in a context of urban sprawl and Climate Change. For this reason, this research developed a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methodology combining the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to support the selection...
Topics: Climate scenarios, Expert judgment, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Sustainability
The increasing use of pesticides during the past five decades has highlighted the potential risk posed by pesticides to the environment. The unequivocal presence of pesticide residues in soil, sediment and water samples has raised public and scientific awareness. Pesticides are exposed to environmental conditions and thus they can be degraded by the influence of physical, chemical and biological factors, volatilized, adsorbed by soil colloids and transported offsite by surface runoff and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wei Xie; Jikun Huang; Jinxia Wang; Qi Cui; Ricky Robertson; Kevin Chen
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China's food security has been facing several challenges, which are likely to be worsened due to climate change. The purpose of this paper is to provide an evidence on the impacts of climate change on China's agriculture, with particular attention to the market and trade responses. Using projected crop yield changes for China and its’ main trading partners under changing climate, we employ an agricultural partial equilibrium model (CAPSiM) and a linked national and global equilibrium model...
Topics: Climate change, Food security, Market, Trade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Timothy David Ramm; Christopher Stephen Watson; Christopher John White
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Assessing changing coastal flood risk becomes increasingly uncertain across multi-decadal timeframes. This uncertainty is a fundamental complexity faced in vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning. Robust decision making (RDM) and dynamic adaptive policy pathways (DAPP) are two state-of-the-art decision support methods that are useful in such situations. In this study we use RDM to identify a small set of conditions that cause unacceptable impacts from coastal flooding, signifying that...
Topics: Climate change, Inundation, Tipping point, Uncertainty, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coastal communities are threatened by the impact of severe storms that may cause significant loss or damage of property and life. The main processes causing such impacts at sandy coastlines and nearby coastal communities are storm erosion, overwash and inundation. Coastal response under present conditions and under predicted climate change has been frequently assessed on the basis of numerical models, which in turn can be also used to evaluate the effectiveness of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)...
Topics: Bayesian network, Coastal barriers, Disaster risk reduction measures, Early warning systems, Hazard...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Recent publications are reviewed in the context of urban health issues possibly resulting from global climate change. The most important phenomena having an impact on health discussed in the paper include increased ultraviolet radiation due to stratospheric ozone, temperature-related effects, precipitation-related effects (both excessive precipitation and drought), vector-borne diseases, and finally air quality, smog-related effects. Among the above, those most directly linked to climate change...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luis R. Vieira; Fernando Morgado; António J.A. Nogueira; Amadeu M.V.M. Soares; Lúcia Guilhermino
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The coastal ecosystems are recognized worldwide by their ecological an economic importance. In these ecosystems, aquatic life is governed by the abiotic variations, therefore, the interactions between natural stressors and anthropogenic pollution (multiple stressors) may represent an additional threat. Thus, considering these combined effects with the climate change scenarios, it is urgent to develop cost-effective tools to assess the impact of pollution on sensitive and important ecosystems,...
Topics: Biomarkers, Coastal lagoon, Early warning indicators, Multiple stressors, Pomatoschistus microps,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paola Rocchi; Mònica Serrano; Jordi Roca; Iñaki Arto
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Carbon pricing is an essential instrument to address climate change. However international differences in carbon control policies may cause not only carbon leakage but also competitiveness disadvantages. In this context, border carbon adjustments are a promising tool for discouraging these problems. But designing a real-world border carbon adjustment instrument implies to consider significant issues: technical feasibility, data availability, the risk of retaliation from developing countries,...
Topics: Avoided Emissions, Carbon Border Tax, Climate Change, European Union, GHG Emissions, Global Public...
The increasing environmental concerns and the significant growth of the waste to energy market calls for innovative and flexible technology that can effectively process and convert municipal solid waste into fuels and power at high efficiencies. To ensure the technical and economic feasibility of new technology, a sound understanding of the characteristics of the integrated energy system is essential. In this work, a comprehensive techno-economic analysis of a waste to power and heat plant...
Topic: Techno-economic Analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rongqiang Wei; Qingli Zeng; Tim Davies; Guangxiang Yuan; Kaiyang Wang; Xinyu Xue; Qianfeng Yin
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Alpine glaciers and permafrost are sensitive to climate change, and their degradation due to annual temperature increasing has already induced many mass movements such as debris flows. On September 4 of 2007, July 25–31 and September 5–8 of 2010, three large debris flows took place in Tianmo gully, a left-bank tributary of Parlung River, southeast Tibetan Plateau. The debris flows blocked the river, and a section of highway 450 m long including a bridge 76 m long were destroyed by the...
Topics: Deglaciation, Landslide dam-breach, Rock avalanche, Sichuan-Tibet highway/railway
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julian Torres de Miranda Pinto; Oscar Mistage; Patrícia Bilotta; Eckard Helmers
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When attempting to reduce atmospheric emissions, a strategy commonly suggested by experts is the replacement of road transport with rail transport. However, in many countries and for many companies worldwide a complete transition to rail transport of freight is not feasible due to either a lack of available railway infrastructure or high investment costs. With that in mind, this paper aims to assess the potential of road-rail intermodal operations as a strategy to reduce atmospheric emissions,...
Topics: Emissions, Freight, Greenhouse gas, Intermodal, Rails, Roads
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ismael Aranda; David Sánchez-Gómez; Estrella Cadahía; Brígida Fernández de Simón
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The genetic variability within a plant species or population determines the extent to which drought impacts plant function at different levels of biological organization. By disentangling the extent to which drought tolerance is genetically determined within a population, we can get insights of the adaptive capacity of species to cope with climate change at the local scale. We compared the ecophysiological and leaf metabolic responses of different maternal families from a single population of...
Topics: Amino-acids, Beech, Carbohydrates, Drought, Fagus sylvatica, Gas exchange
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Díaz; R. Carmona; I. J. Mirón; M. Y. Luna; C. Linares
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Many of the studies that analyze the future impact of climate change on mortality assume that the temperature that constitutes a heat wave will not change over time. This is unlikely, however, given the process of adapting to heat changes, prevention plans, and improvements in social and health infrastructure. The objective of this study is to analyze whether, during the 1983–2013 period, there has been a temporal change in the maximum daily temperatures that constitute a heat wave...
Topics: Daily mortality, Heat waves, Impact assessment, Prevention plans, Time trend
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Helen K. Green; Obaghe Edeghere; Alex J. Elliot; Ingemar J. Cox; Roger Morbey; Richard Pebody; Angie Bone; Rachel A. McKendry
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One of the implications of climate change is a predicted increase in frequent and severe heatwaves. The impact of heatwaves on the health of the population is captured through real-time syndromic healthcare surveillance systems monitored daily in England during the summer months. Internet search data could potentially provide improved timeliness and help to assess the wider population health impact of heat by capturing a population sub-group who are symptomatic but do not seek healthcare. A...
Topics: Heat-related illness, Heat-waves, Public health, Syndromic surveillance, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yi Chen; Zhao Zhang; Fulu Tao; Taru Palosuo; Reimund P. Rötter
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Impact of high temperature stress on crop growth and productivity is one key concern with respect to crop production and food security under climate change. Due to the complexity and diversity of crop characteristics and farmers’ management practices, as well as the difficulties in quantifying those agronomic management practices at reasonable temporal and spatial scales, crop responses to heat stress at a regional scale have not been properly assessed yet. In this study, we used...
Topics: Growth duration, Heat stress, LAI, Winter wheat
This study presents inter-annual variability of otolith growth from 1993 to 2011 and cohort specific sex ratios from 1976 to 2011 in blue grenadier Macruronus novaezelandiae on the west coast of Tasmania. Length-at-age data highlighted that M. novaezelandiae females grow larger than males with mean length-at-age statistically diverging by three years of age and remaining separated thereafter. Statistical differences in both cumulative, and age specific otolith increment widths-at-age between...
Topics: Blue grenadier, Otolith increments, Sex ratio, Sexual dimorphism
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. P. Rötter; M. Appiah; E. Fichtler; K. C. Kersebaum; M. Trnka; M. P. Hoffmann
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Climate change implies higher frequency and magnitude of agroclimatic extremes threatening plant production and the provision of other ecosystem services. This review is motivated by a mismatch between advances made regarding deeper understanding of abiotic stress physiology and its incorporation into ecophysiological models in order to more accurately quantifying the impacts of extreme events at crop system or higher aggregation levels. Adverse agroclimatic extremes considered most detrimental...
Topics: Drought, Heat, Heavy rain
In the floodplains of Bolivia's western highlands, or Altiplano, farmers, herders, and fishers maintain their livelihoods at water-land interfaces that are riddled with disaster risk. This paper draws on 13 months of fieldwork in the region as well as contemporary press accounts to explore water-land disasters in the Desaguadero River floodplain and Lake Poopó watershed. My analysis builds on Henri Lefebvre's notion of rhythm to articulate a “politics of cyclic dissonance” – struggles...
Topics: Bolivia, Climate change, Drought, Flood, Lake Poopó, Water
Recent research has shed light on the various tradeoffs involved in carbon forestry, i.e. the pursuit of international forestry projects to help mitigate climate change. This article contributes to these debates by highlighting the importance of resource quality and degradation in evaluating project benefits and tradeoffs. Focusing on the case of an industrial tree plantation in Uganda, the Kachung Forest Project, we highlight how the livelihoods of communities surrounding the reserve have been...
Topics: Carbon forestry, Commodification of nature, Community benefits, Degradation, Resource quality,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benhong Guo; Zhantao Feng; Meng Li; Xiaomiao Li; Jijun Li; Chunhui Song; Zhijun Zhao; Baotian Pan; Daniel F. Stockli; Junsheng Nie
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The fluvial archives in the upper-reach Yellow River basins provide important information about drainage history of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) associated with geomorphologic evolution and climate change. However, the Pliocene fluvial strata within this region have not been studied in detail, hence limiting the understanding of the late Cenozoic development of regional fluvial systems. In this paper, we present the results of a study of the geochronology, sedimentology, and provenance...
Topics: Fluvial system, Late Pliocene, Provenance, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salamatu Abdu; Andrew E. McKechnie; Alan T.K. Lee; Susan J. Cunningham
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Arid-zone birds trade-off dehydration and hyperthermia during hot weather, as they are dependent on evaporative cooling when air temperature approaches or exceeds body temperature. Water points in many arid ecosystems become surrounded by piospheres, exposing drinking birds to high radiant heat loads and exacerbating this trade-off. This challenge will be aggravated under climate warming. One possible mitigation approach is to reduce heat loads birds experience when seeking water. We...
Topics: BACI, Climate change, Dehydration, Hyperthermia, Piosphere, Temperature
This paper adopts a formal model-testing approach to the Peruvian radiocarbon (14C) record, the site of the first aggregate analysis of this type of archaeological data. Using a large and improved regional dataset of radiometric determinations (n = 1180) from the period 14000–3000 14C years before present, the study performs a comparative analysis of the demographic trajectories of two sub-regions, the desert coast and Andean highlands. Against the backdrop of theoretical models of population...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mo Wang; Dong Qing Zhang; Jin Su; Jian Wen Dong; Soon Keat Tan
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Future scenarios modeling has been conducted to investigate the effectiveness of urban stormwater infrastructure and to cater to potential future changes. The changes of quantity and quality of urban stormwater, and attributable to climate change and urbanization, were examined and tested in four urban catchments based on future scenarios modeling. Based on our findings, we observed that there were different degrees of performance corresponding to 2-, 10-, and 100-year design storms. However,...
Topics: Low impact development, Shared socio-economic pathways, Stormwater management, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Expected increases in intensity and frequency of rainfall extremes due to climate change, and increased paving and loss of water storage space in urban areas is making cities more susceptible to pluvial flooding. Evaluating the flood vulnerability of urban areas is a crucial step towards risk mitigation and adaptation planning. In this study, a coupled Geographic Information System and Bayesian Belief Network based flood vulnerability assessment model is proposed. The methodology can quantify...
Topics: Basement flooding, Bayesian Belief Network (BBN), Geographic Information System (GIS), Pluvial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wataru Nozawa; Tetsuya Tamaki; Shunsuke Managi
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Determining the optimal combination of mitigation and adaptation investments is an important topic in policy making to combat climate change. Some analytical results on the relationship between the optimal ratio of adaptation to mitigation and development level have been reported in the literature. In this article, we examine this relationship in greater detail using a simple model with general return functional forms and analytically show that the relationship can take various forms. The...
Topics: Adaptation, Cost-benefit analysis, Development level, Mitigation, Optimal investment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Changhang Li; Hongtao Bai; Yuanye Lu; Jinghong Bian; Yan Dong; He Xu
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More methanol is produced and used in China than in any other country. China has a great deal of coal, less oil, and little gas, so the Chinese government is enthusiastically developing the coal-based chemical industry, of which coal-based methanol production is an important part. Coal-based methanol production strongly affects the environment, so the environmental impacts of coal-based methanol production processes must be assessed. Here, two life-cycle assessment models are established using...
Topics: China, Coal coking technology (CCT), Coal gasification technology (CGT), Coal-based methanol...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mingxi Shen; Jie Chen; Meijia Zhuan; Hua Chen; Chong Yu Xu; Lihua Xiong
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Uncertainty estimation of climate change impacts on hydrology has received much attention in the research community. The choice of a global climate model (GCM) is usually considered as the largest contributor to the uncertainty of climate change impacts. The temporal variation of GCM uncertainty needs to be investigated for making long-term decisions to deal with climate change. Accordingly, this study investigated the temporal variation (mainly long-term) of uncertainty related to the choice...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrology, Temporal variation, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Looking only at climate change impacts provides partial information about a changing hydrologic regime. Understanding the spatio-temporal nature of change in hydrologic processes, and the explicit contributions from both climate and land use drivers, holds more practical value for water resources management and policy intervention. This study presents a comprehensive assessment on the spatio-temporal trend of Blue Water (BW) and Green Water (GW) in a 490,000 km2 temperate mid-latitude basin...
Topic: SWAT
Concerns about intergenerational equity have led to an influential practice of setting social utility discount rates based on ethical considerations rather than to match household behavior, particularly in climate change economics (e.g., Stern, 2006). This paper formalizes the broader policy implications of this approach in general equilibrium by characterizing jointly optimal environmental and fiscal policies in a climate-economy model with differential planner-household discounting. First, I...
Topics: Carbon taxes, Discounting, Distortionary taxes, General equilibrium climate-economy model, Ramsey...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luisa Maria Diele-Viegas; Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha
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In recent decades, changes in climate have caused impacts on natural and human systems on all continents and across the oceans and many species have shifted their geographic ranges, seasonal activities, migration patterns, abundances and interactions in response to these changes. Projections of future climate change are uncertain, but the Earth's warming is likely to exceed 4.8 °C by the end of 21th century. The vulnerability of a population, species, group or system due to climate change is a...
Topics: Behavior, Climate change, Genetics, Reproductive biology, Rhynchocephalia, Species distributions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eliseba García; José Carlos Hernández; Sabrina Clemente
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Ocean warming and acidification are the two most significant side effects of carbone dioxide emissions in the world's oceans. By changing water, temperature and pH are the main environmental factors controlling the distribution, physiology, morphology and behaviour of marine invertebrates. This study evaluated the combined effects of predicted high temperature levels, and predicted low pH values, on fertilization and early development stages of the sea urchins Arbacia lixula, Paracentrotus...
Topics: Climate change, Early development, Fertilization, Sea urchins, Temperature, pH
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yao Zhang; Sha Zhou; Manish Verma; Joanna Joiner; Luis Guanter; Ying Sun; Xi Yang; Eugénie Paul-Limoges; Christopher M. Gough; Georg Wohlfahrt; Beniamino Gioli; Christiaan van der Tol; Nouvellon Yann
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Spatially and temporally continuous estimation of plant photosynthetic carbon fixation (or gross primary production, GPP) is crucial to our understanding of the global carbon cycle and the impact of climate change. Besides spatial, seasonal and interannual variations, GPP also exhibits strong diurnal variations. Satellite retrieved solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) provides a spatially continuous, but temporally discrete measurement of plant photosynthesis, and has the potential to...
Topics: FLUXNET, FluxCom, Light use efficiency, Phenology, Photosynthetically active radiation, SCOPE
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Prakash N. Dixit; Roberto Telleria; Amal N. Al Khatib; Siham F. Allouzi
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Different aspects of climate change, such as increased temperature, changed rainfall and higher atmospheric CO2 concentration, all have different effects on crop yields. Process-based crop models are the most widely used tools for estimating future crop yield responses to climate change. We applied APSIM crop simulation model in a dry Mediterranean climate with Jordan as sentinel site to assess impact of climate change on wheat production at decadal level considering two climate change...
Topics: CO2 effect, Climate change impact, Decadal simulation, Dry Mediterranean environment, Wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Shafique; Reeho Kim; Muhammad Rafiq
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Research on the green roof has been raised expeditiously over the past decade. Green roof have been proposed as the sustainable practice to mitigate the adverse effects of urbanization. This review paper includes the history of the green roof, green roof components and multiple benefits (environmental, social and economical) associated with the green roof technology. This paper also emphasizes how the green roof works in different areas, their performance in reducing the stormwater and energy...
Topics: Advanced modification, Benefits, Components, Green roof, Promotional policies, Retrofitting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding how soil processes, belowground plant and fungal species composition, and nutrient cycles are altered by disturbances is essential for understanding the role forests play in mitigating global climate change. Here we ask: How are root and fungal communities altered in a mid-successional forest during shifts in dominant tree species composition? This study utilizes the Forest Accelerated Succession ExperimenT (FASET) at the University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS) as a...
Topics: Forest disturbance, Fungi, Mycorrhizae, Nitrogen, Soil
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qing Miao; Mary K. Feeney; Fengxiu Zhang; Eric W. Welch; P. S. Sriraj
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The increase in extreme weather events due to climate change poses serious challenges to public transit systems. These events disrupt transit operations, impair service quality, increase threats to public safety, and damage infrastructure. Despite the growing risk of extreme weather and climate change, little is known about how public managers recognize, experience and address these risks. Using data from a national study of public transit agencies we investigate the types of extreme weather...
Topics: Extreme weather, Public transit, Risk perceptions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Environmental problems that seriously affect both natural systems and social development of human beings have drawn extensive attention from governing authorities all around the world, and become an urgent issue to be addressed. Ports play a significant role in the international shipping which inevitably influence the global environment. Thus, the concept of green port is developed to mitigate the negative impacts of inappropriate port operations on environment. This paper analyzes the current...
Topics: Green port development, Maritime transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zbigniew Lazar; Nian Liu; Gregory Stephanopoulos
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Concerns about climate change have driven research on the production of lipid-derived biofuels as an alternative and renewable liquid fuel source. Using oleaginous yeasts for lipid synthesis creates the potential for cost-effective industrial-scale operations due to their ability to reach high lipid titer, yield, and productivity resulting from their unique metabolism. Yarrowia lipolytica is the model oleaginous yeast, with the best-studied lipid metabolism, the greatest number of genetic...
Topics: Yarrowia lipolytica, lipid metabolism, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, systems biology
This paper investigates disaster adaptation investments made by two ports competing for shippers in a common hinterland. Each port is a landlord type, consisting of a port authority and a terminal operator that both maximize profits. The probability of a natural disaster, which is related to climate change, is ambiguous at the start of an adaptation investment (Knightian uncertainty), but will be known after the lengthy investment. We examine the impacts of such Knightian uncertainty,...
Topics: Climate change, Inter- and Intra-port cooperation, Knightian uncertainty, Natural disaster, Port...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Incorporation of strategic green infrastructure into urban settings has a potential to mitigate climate change, urban heat island (UHI) effect, flood risk and subsequent increase in quality of human life in general. UHI induces through low surface albedo, building geometry and absence of greenery and it deteriorates the thermal comfort and well-being of city dwellers and occupants. This study examined the implication of urban green infrastructure on enhanced microclimatic condition in tropical...
Topics: ENVI-met, Green infrastructure, Microclimatic mitigation strategies, Urban heat island, Urbanization