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Folkscanomy Miscellaneous
by Kevin Savetz and FAXTOY Users
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Folkscanomy Miscellaneous
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A collection of over 200,000 Faxed-in pages sent to FAXTOY, an art project by Kevin Savetz.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Javier G.P. Gamarra; Terry V. Callaghan; Helena Bylund; Dylan Gwynn-Jones
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With warming climate many species are predicted to shift their distributions toward the poles. However, climate change models developed to predict species distributions do not always incorporate interactions between them. The northerly shift of the boreal forest and associated dwarf shrub communities will be directly affected by warming. But warming will also indirectly affect plant communities via impacts on the intensity and frequency of associated insect outbreaks. We present a general model...
Topics: Climate change, Gompertz, Herbivore pressure, Host plant preference, Insect outbreaks, Sub-arctic
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bijan Nazari; Abdolmajid Liaghat; Mohammad Reza Akbari; Marzieh Keshavarz
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Water is the most essential resource for the production of agricultural goods and services. However, high levels of water stress and increased frequency and intensity of droughts, which are mainly driven by climate change dynamics, have reduced the stock of freshwater resources in arid and semi-arid regions, such as Iran. Despite the major reduction of freshwater resources, the efficiency of irrigation water use has remained very low in the country and performance of water management schemes is...
Topics: Agriculture sector, Bottleneck analysis, Iran, SWOT/PESTLE analysis, TOWS matrix, Water crisis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. Dean Hardy; Mathew E. Hauer
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Rising seas will impact millions of coastal residents in coming decades. The vulnerability of coastal populations exposed to inundation will be greater for some sub-populations due to differences in their socio-demographic characteristics. Many climate risk and vulnerability assessments, however, model current populations against future environments. We advance sea-level rise risk assessments by dynamically modeling environmental change and socio-demographic change. We project three scenarios...
Topics: Climate change, Demographic metabolism, Georgia, Risk assessment, Sea-level rise, Social...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Seungwoo Kang; Sandrine Selosse; Nadia Maïzi
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With growing concerns about climate change, countries are increasing efforts to reduce dependency on fossil energy sources, the major source of CO 2 , by replacing them with cleaner energy sources including bioenergy. In this context, the global bioenergy market has grown massively during the last few decades. In addition, under the aegis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement, 162 countries have already submitted their intended nationally...
Topics: Bioenergy, Climate policy, Energy system, Long-term modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christophe Fontanier; Briony Mamo; Samuel Toucanne; Germain Bayon; Sabine Schmidt; Bruno Deflandre; Bernard Dennielou; Gwenael Jouet; Eline Garnier; Saburo Sakai; Ruth Martinez Lamas; Pauline Duros; Takashi Toyofuku; Aurélien Salé; Déborah Belleney; Sabrina Bichon
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In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinary study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this...
Topics: Benthic foraminifera, Land-use, Multidisciplinary study, Tropical cyclones
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhaoliang Song; Congqiang Liu; Karin Müller; Xiaomin Yang; Yuntao Wu; Hailong Wang
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The terrestrial biogeochemical silicon (Si) cycle may significantly influence the stabilization of soil organic carbon (SOC), and thus plays an important role in regulating the global carbon (C) balance and climate change. Processes involved in Si-enhanced SOC stability at a decadal or centennial scale include protection of SOC through amorphous Si and interactions of Si-iron and Si-aluminum. Strategic manipulation of the Si cycle in terrestrial ecosystems offers a new opportunity to enhance...
Topics: Biogeochemical silicon cycle, Phytolith, Secondary mineral, Soil organic carbon, Stabilization,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henrik Hartmann; Henry D. Adams; Sönke Zaehle; William M. Hammond; Günter Hoch; Simon M. Landhäusser; Erin Wiley
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Carbohydrates play a central role in plant functioning because they are building blocks and energy carriers for plant metabolic processes. Because plants are sessile organisms and cannot escape stressful environments they acclimate to unfavourable conditions by strategically allocating carbohydrate resources to overcome stress and promote survival, and build reserves for later use when demand is greater than supply from photosynthesis, like after defoliation. A mechanistic understanding of how...
Topics: Non-structural carbohydrates, Reserves, Source and sink limitation, Storage, Trees
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cory W. Morin; Benjamin Stoner-Duncan; Kevin Winker; Matthew Scotch; Jeremy J. Hess; John S. Meschke; Kristie L. Ebi; Peter M. Rabinowitz
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Avian influenza virus (AIV) is a major health threat to both avian and human populations. The ecology of the virus is driven by numerous factors, including climate and avian migration patterns, yet relatively little is known about these drivers. Long-distance transport of the virus is tied to inter- and intra-continental bird migration, while enhanced viral reassortment is linked to breeding habitats in Beringia shared by migrant species from North America and Asia. Furthermore, water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The large and rapid climate change event that occurred around 4200 years ago (hereafter the 4.2-kyr event that marks the onset of the Meghalayan stage) is one of the most significant climatic anomalies in the Holocene. It may have exerted profound societal impact globally; however, its triggering mechanism remains uncertain. Here we present a high-resolution, well-dated pollen record covering this interval from the Tianluoshan archaeological site in East China. Our results show that the...
Topics: "Asian summer monsoon, Climate change, ENSO, Neolithic culture, Vegetation history, Zhejiang...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Moges B. Wagena; Zachary M. Easton
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Agricultural conservation practices (CPs) are commonly implemented to reduce diffuse nutrient pollution. Climate change can complicate the development, implementation, and efficiency of agricultural CPs by altering hydrology, nutrient cycling, and erosion. This research quantifies the impact of climate change on hydrology, nutrient cycling, erosion, and the effectiveness of agricultural CP in the Susquehanna River Basin in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, USA. We develop, calibrate, and test the...
Topics: Nutrient cycling, SWAT-VSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Around the world, cities are creating local climate change mitigation strategies and combining strengths in international efforts. In addition to making the strategies, it is important to follow, how they work in practice. The aim of the study is to examine, how climate change mitigation policies and other events affected the consumption-based household carbon footprints in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area (HMA) from 2006 until 2012. The cities of the HMA launched an ambitious climate change...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Cities, Climate change, Economic crisis, Travel behaviour, Urban zone
Cities can play a key role in the low-carbon transition, with an increasing number of cities engaging in carbon mitigation actions. The literature on urban low-carbon transition shows that low-carbon urban development is an inevitable trend of urban sustainable future; there is a great potential albeit with some limitations for cities to reduce its carbon footprints, and there are diverse pathways for cities to achieve low-carbon development. There is, however, a limited understanding in terms...
Topics: Cities and climate change, Enabling mechanisms, Low-carbon city, Low-carbon policy, Nested...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate and land cover are two major factors affecting the water fluxes and balance across spatiotemporal scales. These two factors and their impacts on hydrology are often interlinked. The quantification and differentiation of such impacts is important for developing sustainable land and water management strategies. Here, we calibrated the well-known Hydrus-1D model in a data-rich boreal headwater catchment in Scotland to assess the role of two dominant vegetation types (shrubs vs. trees) in...
Topics: Boreal climate change, Climate-vegetation interactions, Hydrus-1D, Land cover change, Soil...
Flow in a karst system in Lebanon (Important water supply source; Assal Spring; discharge 0.2–2.5 m3/s yearly volume of 22–30 Mm3), which is dominated by snow and semi-arid conditions, was simulated using an integrated numerical model (Mike She, 2016). The calibrated model (Nash–Sutcliffe coefficient of 0.77) is based on high resolution input data (2014–2017) and detailed catchment characterization. A sensitivity analysis of individual climatic parameters shows that spring hydrograph...
Topics: Climate change, Integrated numerical modelling, Karst
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Se Ji Jung; Jodhbir S. Mehta; Louis Tong
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The twenty-first century is fraught with dangers like climate change and pollution, which impacts human health and mortality. As levels of pollution increase, respiratory illnesses and cardiovascular ailments become more prevalent. Less understood are the eye-related complaints, which are commonly associated with increasing pollution. Affected people may complain of irritation, redness, foreign body sensation, tearing, and blurring of vision. Sources of pollution are varied, ranging from gases...
Topics: Dry eye, Human, Ocular disease, Pollution, Review
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In this study, female zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to 26 °C or 34 °C, 0 or 197 μg/L cadmium (Cd), singly or in combination for 7 days. Multiple stress-related indicators were evaluated in the liver. Mortality, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and ultrastructural damage increased significantly by Cd exposure alone, and were not affected by heat alone. Interestingly, the combined exposure increased LPO, ultrastructural damage, and mortality compared with Cd exposure alone. The results...
Topics: Cadmium exposure, DNA methylation, Fish, Gene transcription, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding the controls of agriculture and climate change on recharge rates is critically important to develop appropriate sustainable management plans for groundwater resources and coupled irrigated agricultural systems. In this study, several physical (total potential (ψ T ) time series) and chemical tracer and dating ( 3 H, Cl − , Br − , CFCs, SF 6 , and 3 H/ 3 He) methods were used to quantify diffuse recharge rates beneath two rangeland sites and irrigation recharge rates beneath...
Topics: Climate change, Diffuse recharge, Groundwater recharge, High plains aquifer, Irrigated agriculture,...
In this study, the maximal extent of future net primary production (NPP) uncertainties are explored by employing the conditional nonlinear optimal perturbation related to parameters (CNOP-P) approach and the Lund-Potsdam-Jena (LPJ) model based on future climate change assessments, which are provided by 10 general circulation models (GCMs) of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 scenario at the North-South Transect of...
Topic: Prediction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper examines the potential and limitations of SDG 5 (Gender Equality) in helping to achieve household food security. The potential lies in the attention it pays to women's access to land and natural resources, which can significantly enhance women's ability to produce and procure food. Its limitations lie in a lack of attention to the production constraints that women farmers face; its failure to recognise forests and fisheries as key sources of food; and its lack of clarity on which...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Albert Vilà-Cabrera; Lluís Coll; Jordi Martínez-Vilalta; Javier Retana
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As global climate becomes warmer, the maintenance of the structure and function of Mediterranean forests constitutes a key challenge to forest managers. Despite the need for forest adaptation, an overall evaluation of the efficacy of current management strategies is lacking. Here we describe a theoretical framework for classifying management strategies, explicitly recognizing trade-offs with other, untargeted ecosystem components. We then use this framework to provide a quantitative synthesis...
Topics: Climate change, Disturbance, Forest adaptation, Management strategies, Mediterranean ecosystems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marguerite Tibbles; Martin D. Robards
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Arctic lagoons support a variety of fish, bird and marine mammal species, as well as subsistence fisheries that are critical to local food security along the Chukchi and Beaufort sea coasts. In summer 2015, diet samples from seven lagoon fishes were non-lethally collected in three lagoons along the Northwest Alaska coastline. Using these samples, we determined that the key prey species that supported these particular lagoon food webs were mysids, chironomids and Ninespine Stickleback. We...
Topics: Arctic, Fishes, Food web, Lagoons, Mysids
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rasool Mohammadi; Hamid Soori; Abbas Alipour; Ehsan Bitaraf
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While the effect of temperature on risk of cardiovascular events is well documented, few studies report evidence from the Middle East. In this study, we investigate the short-term effect of ambient temperature on admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Tehran, Iran. We used a case-crossover design combined with a distributed lag non-linear model to examine nonlinear and delayed associations between ambient temperature and AMI admissions from 2013 to 2016. We also examined hot and...
Topics: Acute myocardial infarction, Age, Ambient temperature, Case-crossover, Climate change, Distributed...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shengqian Chen; Haipeng Wang; Zongli Wang; Zhiguo Rao; Qinghai Xu; Fahu Chen
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Alpine lakes not only provide internationally important habitats for endangered species, they also play a crucial role in the regional water balance. Unfortunately, a rapid loss of alpine lakes in China has occurred in recent decades; however, intensive human activities, together with regional differences in the responses of lakes to climate change, has impeded our understanding of the contribution of climate change to the loss of these lakes. To better understand how alpine lakes will evolve...
Topics: Alpine lake, Climate change, East Asian summer monsoon, Local humidity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To explore potential climatic consequences of land cover change in the Kolkata Metropolitan Development area, we projected microclimate conditions in this area using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model driven by future land use scenarios. Specifically, we considered two land conversion scenarios including an urbanization scenario that all the wetlands and croplands would be converted to built-up areas, and an irrigation expansion scenario in which all wetlands and dry croplands...
Topics: Microclimate change, Urbanization, Weather Research and Forecasting model, Wetland conversion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luís Reino; María Triviño; Pedro Beja; Miguel B. Araújo; Rui Figueira; Pedro Segurado
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Several studies estimating the effects of global environmental change on biodiversity are focused on climate change. Yet, non-climatic factors such as changes in land cover can also be of paramount importance. This may be particularly important for habitat specialists associated with human-dominated landscapes, where land cover and climate changes may be largely decoupled. Here, we tested this idea by modelling the influence of climate, landscape composition and pattern, on the predicted future...
Topics: Boosting regression trees, Conservation, Environmental envelope models, Farmland birds, Global...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Li Jin; Paul G. Whitehead; Kwasi Appeaning Addo; Barnabas Amisigo; Ian Macadam; Tamara Janes; Jill Crossman; Matthew McCartney; Harvey J.E. Rodda
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As the scientific consensus concerning global climate change has increased in recent decades, research on potential impacts of climate change on water resources has been given high importance. However in Sub-Saharan Africa, few studies have fully evaluated the potential implications of climate change to their water resource systems. The Volta River is one of the major rivers in Africa covering six riparian countries (mainly Ghana and Burkina Faso). It is a principal water source for...
Topics: Africa, Climate impacts, Ghana, Modeling, River flow, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zaili Yang; Tianni Wang; Zhuohua Qu; Vasco Sanchez Rodrigues; Irina Harris; Di Zhang; Yui yip Lau
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The long term impact posed by climate change risk remains unclear and is subject to diverse interpretations from different maritime stakeholders. The inter-dynamics between climate change and ports can also significantly diversify in different geographical regions. Consequently, risk and cost data used to support climate adaptation is of high uncertainty and in many occasions, real data is often unavailable and incomplete. This paper presents a risk and cost evaluation methodology that can be...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Greater China, Maritime risk, Multiple criteria decision-making, Port,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qingqing Weng; He Xu
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One of the greatest constraints currently affecting China's economic development is climate change, with its associated restrictive conditions. Consequently, the application of appropriate actions to conserve energy and reduce emissions features centrally in China's core national development goals and development policies. These goals not only pose significant challenges and opportunities, but they also entail an important innovation. Under the framework of the Kyoto Protocol, the carbon...
Topics: Carbon trading market, China, Policy, Suggestion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salem S. Gharbia; Trevor Smullen; Laurence Gill; Paul Johnston; Francesco Pilla
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Evapotranspiration integrates energy and mass transfer between the Earth's surface and atmosphere and is the most active mechanism linking the atmosphere, hydrosphsophere, lithosphere and biosphere. This study focuses on the fine resolution modeling and projection of spatially distributed potential evapotranspiration on the large catchment scale as response to climate change. Six potential evapotranspiration designed algorithms, systematically selected based on a structured criteria and data...
Topics: Algorithm, Evapotranspiration, GIS, Geospatial-statistical
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jeremy Millard
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This paper tackles many of the important issues and discussions taking place in Europe and globally about the future of the public sector and how it can use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to respond innovatively and effectively to some of the acute societal challenges arising from the financial crisis as well as other deeper rooted global problems. These include inequality, poverty, corruption and migration, as well as climate change, loss of habitat and the ageing society. A...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Panqing Yin; Mengqing Yin; Zhonghua Cai; Guoqiang Wu; Guanghui Lin; Jin Zhou
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Rhizosphere microbial communities play an important role in mediating the decomposition of soil organic matter. Increased CO 2 concentration may increase plant growth by stimulating photosynthesis or improving water use efficiency. However, possible eco-physiological influences of this greenhouse gas in mangrove plants are not well understood, especially how rhizosphere microbial communities respond to CO 2 increase. We characterized the effect of elevated CO 2 (eCO 2 ) on rhizospheric...
Topics: Elevated CO 2, Functional plasticity, Kandelia obovata, Rhizosphere microorganisms, Structural...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Combined and separate impact of climate and land use change on the future river runoff was assessed in the eastern Baltic Sea region by using the SWAT (The Soil and Water Assessment Tool) hydrological model. SWAT was applied to assess how plausible changes in climate and land use may affect the river hydrology by the end of the century. The model was calibrated and validated for a period from 1970 to 2010 (41 years) using daily river runoff data. Statistical and visual analysis of the achieved...
Topics: Afforestation, Deforestation, EURO-COREX, Estonia, Hydrological modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The ability of water and wastewater utilities to provide safe and reliable water and sanitation services now and in the future will be determined, in part, by their resilience to climate change. Investment in infrastructure, planning, and operational practices that increase resilience are affected, in turn, by how water sector professionals perceive the risks posed to utilities by climate change and its related impacts. We surveyed water sector professionals at the 2016 African Water...
Topics: Africa, Climate change, Risk perception, Sanitation, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Connie O'Driscoll; José L.J. Ledesma; John Coll; John G. Murnane; Paul Nolan; Eva M. Mockler; Martyn N. Futter; Liwen W. Xiao
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Natural organic matter poses an increasing challenge to water managers because of its potential adverse impacts on water treatment and distribution, and subsequently human health. Projections were made of impacts of climate change on dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the primarily agricultural Boyne catchment which is used as a potable water supply in Ireland. The results indicated that excluding a potential rise in extreme precipitation, future projected loads are not dissimilar to those...
Topics: Carbon cycle, Climate change, INCA-C, Ireland, Natural organic matter, Surface water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juan J. Monge; Adam J. Daigneault; Leslie J. Dowling; Duncan R. Harrison; Shaun Awatere; Anne Gaelle Ausseil
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Forestry's long-term nature and associated uncertainties play against its consideration in land-use decisions. This study's objective was assessing the implications of uncertainty on the feasibility of afforesting erodible land with natives. The New Zealand example has global relevance enabling: innovative statistical representation of climatic uncertainty, economic uncertainty analysis due to existing payments for services, and the profitability of long-rotation species due to Māori's...
Topics: Benefit-cost analysis, Climate change, Forest ecosystem services, Land-use change, Spatial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Floods are among Earth's most common natural hazards, and they cause major economic losses and seriously affect peoples’ lives and health. This paper addresses the development of a flood susceptibility assessment that uses intelligent techniques and GIS. An adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) was coupled with a genetic algorithm and differential evolution for flood spatial modelling. The model considers thirteen hydrologic, morphologic and lithologic parameters for the flood...
Topics: ANFIS, Climate change, Differential evolution, Flood susceptibility, Genetic algorithm, Hengfeng...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Katsanos; A. Retalis; F. Tymvios; S. Michaelides
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Climate change affects the precipitation regime globally, including its extreme values, as well as the frequency of the corresponding extreme events. Generally, observations and simulations with climate models show that a warming climate typically results in an intensification of precipitation extremes. An analysis of the daily precipitation database for the island of Cyprus is performed, using a period of 50 years. A number of climatic indices for precipitation are calculated, including the...
Topics: Climatic indices, Cyprus, Extreme wet and dry periods, Standardized Precipitation Index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David J. Gordon; Craig A. Johnson
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This article reviews existing scholarship on the ability of transnational city-networks to contribute to achieving a global 1.5 °C target. Its principal observation is that city-networks have become increasingly involved in pooling resources, setting agendas, sharing policies, and reporting emissions reductions, but more needs to be known about how precisely transnational city-networks are achieving verifiable emissions reductions at the urban scale. The article identifies a focus in...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Prieto-Prado; B. Del Río-Gamero; A. Gómez-Gotor; S. O. Pérez-Báez
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Because of their geographical isolation, many areas depend mainly on imported fossil fuels for their water and energy production. In this context, the Canary Islands are one such remote area. Due to the topography of the islands, there are numerous isolated areas on each of the islands far from the major population centres. These are known as ‘islands within islands’. The main aim of this paper is to determine the feasibility or otherwise of supplying from renewable energy sources both the...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrogen storage, Renewable energies, Reverse osmosis, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Md Saniul Alam; Bernard Hyde; Paul Duffy; Aonghus McNabola
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Previous research has highlighted the dangers of considering air pollution policy and climate change policy separately. Measures to reduce CO2 emissions have been adopted in several countries, and in some instances, these have resulted in increases in some air pollution emissions and vice versa. Research has also highlighted the potential co-benefits of air pollution and climate change mitigation policy where these are considered together. This paper addresses the co-benefits of climate change...
Topics: CO2, Co-benefit, PM2.5, Passenger car, Policy analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andreas Karpf; Antoine Mandel; Stefano Battiston
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This paper presents an analysis of the European Emission Trading System as a transaction network. It is shown that, given the lack of well-identified trading institutions, industrial actors had to resort to local connections and financial intermediaries to participate in the market. This gave rise to a hierarchical structure in the transaction network. It is then shown that the asymmetries in the network induced market inefficiencies (e.g., increased bid-ask spread) and informational...
Topics: Climate change, Microstructure, Network
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sandrine Galtier; Christophe Anselmo; Jean Yves Welschinger; J. F. Sivignon; Jean Pierre Cariou; Alain Miffre; Patrick Rairoux
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Optical sensors based on absorption spectroscopy play a central role in the detection and monitoring of atmospheric trace gases. We here present for the first time the experimental demonstration of OSAS-Lidar on the remote sensing of CH4 in the atmosphere. This new methodology, the OSAS-Lidar, couples the Optical Similitude Absorption Spectroscopy (OSAS) methodology with a light detection and ranging device. It is based on the differential absorption of spectrally integrated signals following...
Topics: Absorption line parameters, Absorption spectroscopy, Femtosecond laser, Lambert-Beer-Bouguer,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an important tool to evaluate environmental ‘hot spots’ in livestock systems and recommend production improvements. However, it is common for livestock LCA to investigate only a narrow subset of environmental impacts to simplify results for decision-makers, which makes it difficult to fully understand the tradeoffs among environmental impacts and identify the most relevant mitigation options. We completed a systematic review of the livestock LCA literature to...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas, Impact categories, Life cycle assessment, Livestock, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Masaya Iijima; Arata Momohara; Yoshitsugu Kobayashi; Shoji Hayashi; Tadahiro Ikeda; Hiroyuki Taruno; Katsunori Watanabe; Masahiro Tanimoto; Sora Furui
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Crocodylians are ectothermic animals, and their past distribution has been greatly influenced by changing climate since their Cretaceous origin. The Pliocene-Pleistocene witnessed a contraction of the crocodylian latitudinal ranges due to rapid cooling with superimposed pronounced orbital-scale climate oscillations. However, a chronologically-continuous record of the geographically marginal populations of crocodylians is yet to be provided for this time interval, and crocodylian response to...
Topics: Biogeography, Climate change, Japanese crocodylians, Mid-latitudes, Paleotemterature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Humberto Mitio Horikoshi; Yoshihiko Sekozawa; Makoto Kobayashi; Kazuki Saito; Miyako Kusano; Sumiko Sugaya
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Dormancy is a complex phenomenon that allows plants to survive the winter season. Studies of dormancy have recently attracted more attention due to the expansion of temperate fruit production in areas under mild winters and due to climate changes. This study aimed to identify and characterize the metabolic changes induced by chilling temperatures, as well as during thermal fluctuation conditions that simulate mild winter and/or climate change scenarios. To do this, we compared the metabolic...
Topics: Chilling, Climate change, Endodormancy release, Japanese pear, Metabolomics, Mild winter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Taiwo Babatunde Hammed; Shem O. Wandiga; Yacob Mulugetta; M. K.C. Sridhar
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Throughout the world, waste sector has been implicated in significant contribution to anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Involving communities in recycling their solid waste would ensure climate change effect mitigation and resilience. This study was carried out to improve waste management practices through a community-led intervention at Kube-Atenda community in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design, comprising mixed method of data collection such as semi-...
Topics: Greenhouse gas, Life-cycle-based model, Waste management practices
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Meifang Yan; Wenjing Zhang; Zeyu Zhang; Lu Wang; Hongrui Ren; Yuan Jiang; Xinshi Zhang
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In the past decades, massive destroying of natural vegetation and extension of agricultural lands strongly affected soil carbon (C) cycling. Returning cropland to forestry or grass land is one of restoration measures sponsored by the Chinese government. Land use change exerts a great influence on soil microclimate and litter quality, and is therefore an important determinant of soil C dynamics. However, knowledge on the effects of land restoration on soil C in northwest China was limited. To...
Topics: Afforestation, Arid area, Land management, Soil C sequestration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by X. P. Lyu; H. Guo; H. R. Cheng; D. W. Wang
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Atmospheric nanoparticles have great impacts on human health and global climate change. The number concentrations and size distributions of nanoparticles in the size range of 5.5–350.4 nm were detected at a background site and a suburban site in Hong Kong from summer to winter in 2011 and in autumn of 2013, respectively. Significantly higher particle number concentrations in all modes were observed at the suburban site (p < 0.05) during the sampling periods, possibly due to stronger...
Topics: Sulfuric acid vapor, Volatile organic compound
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Konstantina Agiadi; Angela Girone; Efterpi Koskeridou; Pierre Moissette; Jean Jacques Cornée; Frédéric Quillévéré
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Marine bioinvasions affect ecosystems in irreversible ways, creating socio-economic problems worldwide. In particular, eastern Mediterranean marine fish faunas today are significantly disturbed due to overfishing, habitat deterioration, the Lessepsian invasion, and climate change. Isolating the impact of each parameter is difficult, because pre-anthropogenic activity data are lacking. In this study, we use the paleontological record to infer the causes and mechanisms behind marine fish...
Topics: Biogeography, Biological invasions, Europe, Glaciation, Micropaleontology, Otolith,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianhui Jin; Zhizhong Li; Yunming Huang; Xuechun Fan; Feng Jiang; Yan Cheng; Xiaolin Xu; Zhiyong Ling; Xiuming Liu
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Shell mounds are the foremost type of Neolithic sites found in coastal areas of South China. These sites can provide significant information on prehistoric human activity and climate change; however, only a few shell mounds have a systematic chronology in South China. In this study, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and 14C dating techniques were employed to establish a systemic chronological framework for a Neolithic shell mound found at Pingfengshan in the coastal area of Fujian...
Topics: Coastal area, Huangguashan culture, Neolithic shell mound, Optically stimulated luminescence...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Groß; Annabell Zander; Adam Boethius; Stefan Dreibrodt; Ole Grøn; Anton Hansson; Catherine Jessen; Satu Koivisto; Lars Larsson; Harald Lübke; Björn Nilsson
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During the Early and Mid-Holocene significant changes in the ecology and socio-cultural spheres occurred around the Baltic Sea. Because of the underlying climatic changes and thus environmental alterations, the area was the scene for various cultural developments during the period under investigation. In the course of the melting of the glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age, isostatic and eustatic movements caused continual changes to the Baltic Sea basin. Changes in water level, however,...
Topics: Archaeology, Baltic sea basin, Climate change, Ethnoarchaeology, Holocene, Human-environment...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jon Camuera; Gonzalo Jiménez-Moreno; Naohiko Ohkouchi; María J. Ramos-Román; Antonio García-Alix; Jaime L. Toney; R. Scott Anderson; Francisco Jiménez-Espejo; Darrell Kaufman; Jordon Bright; Cole Webster; Yurena Yanes; José S. Carrión; Hisami Suga; Masako Yamame; Yusuke Yokoyama
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Padul is one of the few wetland sites in southern Europe and the Mediterranean region that exhibits an unusually large temporal span (>100 kyr) and continuous Quaternary sedimentary record. Previous core-based studies from Padul yielded paleoecological datasets (i.e., pollen and organic geochemistry), but with a poor age control that resulted in rather arbitrary climate inferences. Therefore, precise age control and a multidisciplinary approach is necessary to understand long-term regional...
Topics: Climate, Environmental changes, Facies, Holocene, Lake level, Padul, Pleistocene
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Monitoring changes in grassland cover is essential in assessment of grassland health as well as the effects of anthropogenic interventions and global climate change on grassland ecosystems. Remote sensing is an effective approach for providing rapid and dynamic monitoring of vegetation cover over large grassland areas. In this study, four types of remote sensing retrieval models (i.e., pixel dichotomy models, univariate vegetation index (VI) regression models, multivariate regression models,...
Topics: Accuracy assessment, Multivariate regression, Pixel dichotomy model, Tibetan Plateau, Trend...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shijiang Xiao; Huijuan Dong; Yong Geng; Matthew Brander
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Due to rapid economic growth and population increase, problems of environmental pollution, climate change, and resource depletion have become increasingly serious in China. Recyclable waste recycling (RWR) is becoming one of the key approaches to simultaneously respond to the above issues, and the Chinese government has begun to regulate and promote source separation and urban waste recycling in recent years. However, several barriers still exist, and it is therefore crucial to review China's...
Topics: Integrated framework, Internet+, Pilot city program, Recyclable wastes recycling (RWR), Regulation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiongxin Xiao; Tingjun Zhang; Xinyue Zhong; Wanwan Shao; Xiaodong Li
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Snow cover is an informative indicator of climate change because it can affect local and regional surface energy and water balance, hydrological processes and climate, and ecosystem function. Passive microwave (PM) remote sensing data have long been used to retrieve snow depth and snow water equivalent with large uncertainties. The objective of this study is to develop snow-depth retrieval algorithm based on support vector regression (SVR) technique using PM remote sensing data and other...
Topics: Land cover, Snow cover stage, Snow-depth retrieval, Topography
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yuqing Wang; Arata Momohara; Ayano Ito; Tohru Fukushima; Yong Jiang Huang
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The atmospheric levels of CO 2 , a greenhouse gas, are closely related to global change, and investigation of historic CO 2 levels can help achieve a better understanding of the global climate change in the deep past. While stomatal frequency of fossil leaves has been recurrently used for palaeo-CO 2 reconstruction, simultaneous investigation of both palaeo-temperature and palaeo-CO 2 using the same fossil assemblage has been rarely performed. In this study, based on the stomatal analyses of...
Topics: Early Pleistocene, Global warming, Interglacial stage, Leaf margin analysis, Palaeo-temperature,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Syed Hasnain Shah; Iftikhar Ahmed Raja; Muhammad Rizwan; Naim Rashid; Fayyaz Ali Shah; Arshid Pervez
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Pakistan has a strong potential of biodiesel production if the available feedstock resources are used sustainably and implementable policies are made in appropriate direction. To meet the energy demands and to find alternative and non-conventional resources of energy different challenges like research and development, infrastructure development, decentralized type of power delivery system, commercialization, market development, education and outreach programs, public awareness, monitoring,...
Topics: Biodiesel, Challenges, Microalgae, Pakistan, Policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Khalid Loudiyi; Asmae Berrada; Harald G. Svendsen; Konstantina Mentesidi
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Electricity production from renewable energy sources is increasing as costs are going down and concerns of climate change are driving political targets to shift away from fossil fuels. The fast expansion of renewable energy into the electric grid, from being negligible to becoming important for system stability, has implications for grid planning and operation. In this situation, grid operators need to ensure that the grid continues to operate in a safe, secure and economic way. To achieve...
Topics: Europe grid requirements, Grid code, Interconnection standards, North Africa, Renewable integration
This paper investigates the determinants of carbon emissions based on energy consumption, analyzing the data of 30 countries using nuclear energy for the period 1990–2014. Renewable energy and nuclear energy consumption are adopted as determinants, and real coal price and real GDP are used as additive variables. The panel cointegration analysis and Granger causality tests are conducted to investigating the relationship among the variables. First, the panel cointegration test results suggest...
Topics: Panel analysis, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ibrahim Yurtseven; Yusuf Serengil; Ferhat Gökbulak; Kamil Şengönül; Süleyman Ozhan; Umit Kılıç; Betül Uygur; Mehmet Said Ozçelik
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Adaptation to climate change has become a more serious concern as IPCC assessment reports estimate a rise of up to 2 °C in average global temperatures by the end of the century. Several recently published studies have underlined the importance of forest management in mitigating the impacts of climate change and in supporting the adaptation capacity of the ecosystem. This study focuses on the role of water-related forest services in this adaptation process. The effects of forestry practices on...
Topics: Deciduous forest ecosystem, Forest adaptation, Forest management strategy, Thinning
Fuel treatments can mitigate present and future impacts of climate change by reducing fire intensity and severity. In recent years, Pinus nigra forests in the Mediterranean basin have been dramatically affected by the new risk of highly intense and extreme fires and its distribution area has been reduced. New tools are necessary for assessing the management of these forests so they can adapt to the challenges to come. Our main goal was to evaluate the effects of different fuel treatments on...
Topic: Slash management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Youssef Rouphael; Marios C. Kyriacou; Spyridon A. Petropoulos; Stefania De Pascale; Giuseppe Colla
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During the last decades, food security has become a vital global concern driven by projections of population increase and exacerbated by the impending pressure of climate change on agriculture. Vegetable crops represent a fundamental ingredient of human diet due to their high nutritional value and bioactive content and could serve towards improving food security and nutritional quality, especially when managed under highly intensified cropping systems in controlled environments. Greenhouse and...
Topics: Biofortification, Eustress, Functional quality, Genetic improvement, Hydroponics, Phytochemicals,...
The effect of climate variables (temperature and precipitation) on forest spatial distribution is more prominent in dryland high mountains, where forest distribution is inherently very sensitive to and strongly limited by the substantial spatial heterogeneity of site conditions. Thus, a more reliable prediction of forest distribution under changing environment depends upon an understanding of the joint influence of climatic and topographic factors and their thresholds. This study was conducted...
Topics: Arid zone, Climate change, Forest distribution, Mountain area, Topography
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by H. L. Macintyre; C. Heaviside; J. Taylor; R. Picetti; P. Symonds; X. M. Cai; S. Vardoulakis
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Heatwaves can lead to a range of adverse impacts including increased risk of illness and mortality; the heatwave in August 2003 has been associated with ~ 70,000 deaths across Europe. Due to climate change, heatwaves are likely to become more intense, more frequent and last longer in the future. A number of factors may influence risks associated with heat exposure, such as population age, housing type, and location within the Urban Heat Island, and such factors may not be evenly distributed...
Topics: Health effects, Heat waves, Spatial vulnerability, Urban Heat Island
Mountain vegetation is highly specialized to harsh climatic conditions and therefore is sensitive to any change in environment. The rarest and most vulnerable plants occurring in alpine regions are expected to respond rapidly to environmental changes. An example of such a species is Carex lachenalii subsp. lachenalii Schkuhr, which occurs in Poland on only a few isolated sites in the Tatra Mts. The aim of this study was to assess changes in distribution of C. lachenalii in the Tatra Mts over...
Topics: Competition, Functional diversity, Growing season prolongation, Land-use change, Model species,...
Understanding under which climate and soil conditions the plant productivity–precipitation relationship is linear or nonlinear is useful for accurately predicting the response of ecosystem function to global environmental change. Using long-term (2000–2016) net primary productivity (NPP)–precipitation datasets derived from satellite observations, we identify > 5600 pixels in the North Hemisphere landmass that fit either linear or nonlinear temporal NPP–precipitation relationships....
Topics: Biomes, Change in precipitation, Climate change, Extreme precipitation, Remote sensing, Terrestrial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rui Wang; Qiqi Sun; Ying Wang; Wei Zheng; Lunguang Yao; Yaxian Hu; Shengli Guo
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Land use plays an essential role in regional carbon cycling, potentially influencing the exchange rates of CO 2 flux between soil and the atmosphere in terrestrial ecosystems. Temperature sensitivity of soil respiration (Q 10 ), as an efficient parameter to reflect the possible feedback between the global carbon cycle and climate change, has been extensively studied. However, very few reports have assessed the difference in temperature sensitivity of soil respiration under different land use...
Topics: Bacterial communities, Land use type, Q 10 values, Soil enzyme activities
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The environmental and economic sustainability of future cropping systems depends on adaptation to climate change. Adaptation studies commonly rely on agricultural systems models to integrate multiple components of production systems such as crops, weather, soil and farmers' management decisions. Previous adaptation studies have mostly focused on isolated monocultures. However, in many agricultural regions worldwide, multi-crop rotations better represent local production systems. It is unclear...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Crop rotations, Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The impact of climate variability on the Net Primary Productivity (NPP) of different land cover types and the reaction of NPP to drought conditions are still unclear, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. This research utilizes public-domain data for the period 2000 through 2013 to analyze these aspects for several land cover types in Sudan and Ethiopia, as examples of data-scarce countries. Spatio-temporal variation in NPP, water use efficiency (WUE) and carbon use efficiency (CUE) for several...
Topics: Carbon use efficiency, Climate variability, Drought, Remote sensing, Water use efficiency
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the coastal dunes of the Western Netherlands, managed aquifer recharge (MAR) is applied for drinking water supply since 1957. The MAR systems belong to the Aquifer Transfer Recovery (ATR) type, because recharge and recovery are operated without interruption. This makes these systems very vulnerable to intake interruptions, which are expected to increase in frequency and duration due to climate change. Such interruptions are problematic, because: (i) groundwater recovery from dunes needs to...
Topics: Bridging period, Flow-through lake, Freshwater lens, Managed aquifer recharge, Salt water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Bonfante; E. Monaco; G. Langella; P. Mercogliano; P. Manna; F. Terribile
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Climate change (CC) directly influences agricultural sectors, presenting the need to identify both adaptation and mitigation actions that can make local farming communities and crop production more resilient. In this context, the viticultural sector is one of those most challenged by CC due to the need to combine grape quality, grapevine cultivar adaptation and therefore farmers' future incomes. Thus, understanding how suitability for viticulture is changing under CC is of primary interest in...
Topics: Climate change, Dynamic Viticultural zoning, Grapes quality, SWAP
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eduardo Sampaio; Ana R. Lopes; Sofia Francisco; Jose R. Paula; Marta Pimentel; Ana L. Maulvault; Tiago Repolho; Tiago F. Grilo; Pedro Pousão-Ferreira; António Marques
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Increases in carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases emissions are changing ocean temperature and carbonate chemistry (warming and acidification, respectively). Moreover, the simultaneous occurrence of highly toxic and persistent contaminants, such as methylmercury, will play a key role in further shaping the ecophysiology of marine organisms. Despite recent studies reporting mostly additive interactions between contaminant and climate change effects, the consequences of multi-stressor...
Topics: Antagonistic effects, Argyrosomus regius, Methylmercury, Ocean acidification, Oxidative stress,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiusheng Ren; Changchun Song; Aixin Hou; Yanyu Song; Xiaoyan Zhu; Grace Ann Cagle
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Diurnal freeze-thaw cycles (FTCs) occur in the spring and autumn in boreal wetlands as soil temperatures rise above freezing during the day and fall below freezing at night. A surge in methane emissions from these systems is frequently documented during spring FTCs, accounting for a large portion of annual emissions. In boreal wetlands, methane is produced as a result of syntrophic microbial processes, mediated by a consortium of fermenting bacteria and methanogenic archaea. Further research is...
Topics: 16S rRNA gene, Freeze-thaw cycles, Illumina MiSeq, Methane, mcrA, qPCR
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The purpose of this paper is to provide an up-to-date bibliometric view about the current life cycle assessment (LCA) for bioenergy. The social network analysis (SNA) method was applied to study total 2367 publications in this field. The results showed the high frequency keywords related with the “LCA” for bioenergy included three categories: (1) Bioenergy production, such as “Biodiesel” “Bioethanol” “Biogas” and “Biorefinery”; (2) Environmental problems, such as...
Topics: Biomass, Environmental impact, GHG, Life cycle assessment (LCA)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Markku Yli-Halla; Karoliina Rimhanen; Johanna Muurinen; Janne Kaseva; Helena Kahiluoto
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Soil carbon (C) represents the largest terrestrial carbon stock and is key for soil productivity. Major fractions of soil C consist of organic C, carbonates and black C. The turnover rate of black C is lower than that of organic C, and black C abundance decreases the vulnerablility of soil C stock to decomposition under climate change. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of soil C in different pools and impact of agricultural management on the abundance of different species....
Topics: Biochar, Black carbon, Carbonates, Ethiopia, Soil organic matter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aaron C. Greenville; David B. Lindenmayer; John W. Morgan; Dean Heinze; Graeme R. Gillespie; Luke Einoder; Alaric Fisher; Jeremy Russell-Smith; Daniel J. Metcalfe; Peter T. Green; Ary A. Hoffmann; Glenda M. Wardle
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An unprecedented rate of global environmental change is predicted for the next century. The response to this change by ecosystems around the world is highly uncertain. To address this uncertainty, it is critical to understand the potential drivers and mechanisms of change in order to develop more reliable predictions. Australia's Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) has brought together some of the longest running (10–60 years) continuous environmental monitoring programs in the...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, ILTER, LTERN, Long-term monitoring
The fate of soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestered by afforestation is crucial for the mitigation of the anthropogenic climate change but remains largely unclear. This lack of knowledge is particularly true for SOC turnover driven by enzyme activity. Here we measured hydrolase (including β-glucosidase, α-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase and xylanase) and oxidase (including polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase) activities in soil aggregates following 30-year afforestation in central China. We also...
Topics: 13C natural abundance, Aggregates, C stabilization, Chemical fractionation, Land use change, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nabil El Jaouhari; Aziz Abouabdillah; Rachid Bouabid; Mohamed Bourioug; Lotfi Aleya
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This study was conducted over three consecutive years, 2015, 2016 and 2017, in the Imouzzer Kander region located in northwestern Morocco. The main objective is to evaluate apple tree responses to two sustainable deficit irrigation strategies with 75% (T2) and 50% (T3) of calculated crop evapotranspiration (ETc), compared to a control irrigated with 100% ETc (T1). During the three experiment years, estimated reference evapotranspiration (ET0) was 630, 684 and 728 mm, respectively, in 2015, 2016...
Topics: Crop evapotranspiration, Ecophysiological responses, Fruit quality, Malus domestica (var. Gala),...
Energy production remains the major emitter of atmospheric emissions, thus, in accordance with Australia's Emissions Projections by 2030, this study analyzed the impact of Australia's energy portfolio on environmental degradation and CO2 emissions using locally compiled data on disaggregate energy production, energy imports and exports spanning from 1974 to 2013. This study employed the fully modified ordinary least squares, dynamic ordinary least squares, and canonical cointegrating regression...
Topics: Australia, Disaggregate energy, EKC hypothesis, Econometrics, Emission reduction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zacariah L. Hildenbrand; Misty S. Martin; Michelle L. Reyes; Safwan R. Mulla; Kevin A. Schug
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At the forefront of the discussions about climate change and energy independence has been the process of hydraulic fracturing, which utilizes large amounts of water, proppants, and chemical additives to stimulate sequestered hydrocarbons from impermeable subsurface strata. This process also produces large amounts of heterogeneous flowback and formation waters, the subsurface disposal of which has most recently been linked to the induction of anthropogenic earthquakes. As such, the management of...
Topics: Biogeochemistry, Produced water reuse, Unconventional oil and gas development, Water treatment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Florence Habets; Jérôme Molénat; Nadia Carluer; Olivier Douez; Delphine Leenhardt
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The number of small reservoirs has increased due to their reduced cost, the availability of many favourable locations, and their easy access due to proximity. The cumulative impacts of such small reservoirs are not easy to estimate, even when solely considering hydrology, which is partially due to the difficulty in collecting data on the functioning of such reservoirs. However, there is evidence indicating that the cumulative impacts of such reservoirs are significant. The aim of this article...
Topics: Review, Small reservoirs, Water resource management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Irene Ballesta-Artero; Liqiang Zhao; Stefania Milano; Regina Mertz-Kraus; Bernd R. Schöne; Jaap van der Meer; Rob Witbaard
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Long-term and high-resolution environmental proxy data are crucial to contextualize current climate change. The extremely long-lived bivalve, Arctica islandica, is one of the most widely used paleoclimate archives of the northern Atlantic because of its fine temporal resolution. However, the interpretation of environmental histories from microstructures and elemental impurities of A. islandica shells is still a challenge. Vital effects (metabolic rate, ontogenetic age, and growth rate) can...
Topics: Environmental proxy, Phytoplankton concentration, Sclerochronology, Temperature, Vital effects
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Characterized by the noticeable seasonal patterns of canopy photosynthesis, mid-to-high latitude forests are sensitive to climate change and crucial for understanding the global carbon cycle. To monitor the seasonal cycle of the canopy photosynthesis from space, several remotely sensed indexes, such as normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), enhanced vegetation index (EVI), and leaf area index (LAI) have been implemented within the past decades. Recently, satellite-derived sun-induced...
Topics: OCO-2, Phenology, Photosynthesis, Remote sensing, Sun-induced fluorescence, Vegetation indexes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fabien Rizinjirabake; Abdulhakim M. Abdi; David E. Tenenbaum; Petter Pilesjö
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Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) loading is rarely estimated in tropical watersheds. This study quantifies DOC loading in the Rukarara River Watershed (RRW), a Rwandan tropical forest and agricultural watershed, and evaluates its relationship with hydrological factors, land use and land cover (LULC), and topography to better understand the impact of stream DOC export on watershed carbon budgets. The annual average load for the study period was 977.80 kg C, which represents approximately 8.44% of...
Topics: Dissolved organic carbon, Land use and land cover, Rwanda, Stream water, Watershed
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With the rapid urbanization and the global climate change, the urban climate problems become increasingly serious in the hot-humid region of China. This study established the satellite-based remote sensing retrieval methods for urban land surface temperature (LST) based on the mono-window algorithm and the estimation methods of ground emissivity and atmospheric transmittance. Through retrieving LST of Haizhu district in Guangzhou in a sunny summer day, it was found that the retrieval methods...
Topics: Field observation, Land surface temperature, Mono-window algorithm, Remote sensing, Urban climate
The South Korean government released a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission mitigation target for 2030 under the 2015 Paris Agreement and developed a detailed implementation plan in 2016 to achieve the target. In this study, we analyzed the GHG emission reduction potential of South Korea's transportation sector under the implementation plan. We first identified six technology policy options already adopted or being considered for adoption by the Korean government in the near future. Next, we...
Topics: Energy system model, GHG emission, Mitigation potential, Technology policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Solomon Asfaw; Giacomo Pallante; Alessandro Palma
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The paper provides fresh empirical evidence on the adaptation process in Niger rural communities using original longitudinal socio-economic panel data merged with granular geo-referenced climatic information. We identify the main drivers and impacts of crop and labor diversification which constitute two livelihood strategies on moderating the adaptation deficit. In doing so, we account for the interdependence between the two diversification practices and potential reverse causality between...
Topics: Niger, SSA, adaptation, climate change, diversification, livelihood strategy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sonia Graham; Jon Barnett; Colette Mortreux; Anna Hurlimann; Ruth Fincher
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A key criterion of successful adaptation to climate change is that it avoids potential inequalities arising from climate impacts or from adaptation strategies themselves. Recent research on adaptation in developing and developed countries argues that the measures of such fairness cannot be captured by standard metrics of vulnerability and should be situated in the milieu of people's daily lives and temporalities. Yet there is little empirical evidence to support this theoretical argument. This...
Topics: Equity, Justice, Lived values, Quotidian practices, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kyungmun Kim; Ju Hyeon Kim; Young Ho Kim; Seong Eui Hong; Si Hyeock Lee
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Perturbation of normal behaviors in honey bee colonies by any external factor can immediately reduce the colony's capacity for brood rearing, which can eventually lead to colony collapse. To investigate the effects of brood-rearing suppression on the biology of honey bee workers, gene-set enrichment analysis of the transcriptomes of worker bees with or without suppressed brood rearing was performed. When brood rearing was suppressed, pathways associated with both protein degradation and...
Topics: Honey bee worker, Stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kai Cui; Wujiao Li; Jake George James; Changjun Peng; Jiazheng Jin; Chaochao Yan; Zhenxin Fan; Lianming Du; Megan Price; Yongjie Wu; Bisong Yue
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The monal genus (Lophophorus) is a branch of Phasianidae and its species inhabit the high-altitude mountains of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The Chinese monal, L. lhuysii, is a threatened endemic bird of China that possesses high-altitude adaptability, diversity of plumage color and potentially low reproductive life history. This is the first study to describe the monal genome using next generation sequencing technology. The Chinese monal genome size is 1.01 Gb, with 16,940 protein-coding genes....
Topics: Adaptation, Chinese monal, De novo assembly, Genome, Lophophorus lhuysii
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Albert Galera-Prat; David Pantoja-Uceda; Douglas V. Laurents; Mariano Carrión Vázquez
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Bacterial cellulases are drawing increased attention as a means to obtain plentiful chemical feedstocks and fuels from renewable lignocellulosic biomass sources. Certain bacteria deploy a large extracellular multi-protein complex, called the cellulosome, to degrade cellulose. Scaffoldin, a key non-catalytic cellulosome component, is a large protein containing a cellulose-specific carbohydrate-binding module and several cohesin modules which bind and organize the hydrolytic enzymes. Despite the...
Topics: Biofuels, Cellulosome, CipA, Climate change, Cohesin, Linker, NMR spectroscopy, Scaffoldin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Penghui Jiang; Qianwen Cheng; Zhuzhou Zhuang; Haoqing Tang; Manchun Li; Liang Cheng; Xiaolong Jin
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The healthy functioning of arable landscape ecosystems depends on their functional structure and productivity. In view of current global climate change and constant population mobility, the global agricultural industry has to address the effects of such factors on the functional structure of arable lands. In our research on these issues, we combined information on land use/cover changes with several other datasets. These include meteorological data from 1 823 national and local meteorological...
Topics: Arable landscape system classification, Climatic characteristics difference, Geographically...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shibin Liu; Kazem Zamanian; Per Marten Schleuss; Mohsen Zarebanadkouki; Yakov Kuzyakov
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The Tibetan Plateau hosts the world's largest alpine pastoral ecosystems, dominated by the endemic sedges Kobresia pygmaea and Kobresia humilis. Owing to the very harsh environment and also to soil nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) limitations, these pastoral ecosystems are very sensitive to disturbances (e.g. anthropogenic activities and climate change) and recover extremely slowly. Overgrazing on the Tibetan Plateau has caused severe degradation of vegetation and soils in the last 30–50...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Pasture degradation, Soil nutrients, Soil organic matter, Tibetan plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lei Zhong; Saman Bowatte; Paul C.D. Newton; Coby J. Hoogendoorn; Dongwen Luo
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Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is an important greenhouse gas and emissions of N 2 O have been shown to increase under elevated CO 2 (eCO 2 ) resulting in a positive feedback on climate change. CO 2 -driven increases under grassland have often been associated with greater N 2 O emitted during denitrification. We examined the soils from a Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) experiment on grassland on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand that had received long-term exposure to elevated...
Topics: Climate change, FACE, Nitrous oxide
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ifeyinwa Monica Uzoh; Olubukola Oluranti Babalola
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Use of fossil fuel and its products have led to environmental pollution, greenhouse gases emissions, global warming and climate change. In order to mitigate and eradicate these problems, bioeconomy was conceptualized. Bioeconomy is deviation from dependence on fossil fuel to a situation where biomass will not only provide food but also raw materials for the industry including provision of bio-diesel. The major debate about bioeconomy is its sustainability. Sustainable bioeconomy should involve...
Topics: Bioeconomy, Biotechnology, Inoculum production, Rhizosphere diversity, Soil productivity,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eric Rahn; Theresa Liebig; Jaboury Ghazoul; Piet van Asten; Peter Läderach; Philippe Vaast; Alejandra Sarmiento; Claude Garcia; Laurence Jassogne
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The viability of coffee farming in East Africa is endangered by multiple factors including climate change, population pressure, low yields, and coffee price volatility. Sustainable intensification (SI) through intercropping and/or agroforestry has been suggested to improve farmers’ livelihoods, facilitate adaptation of coffee production to climate change and contribute to biodiversity conservation. In order to understand how sustainable intensification through an ecosystem-based approach...
Topics: Adoption, Coffea arabica L., Ecosystem-based adaptation, Shade trees, Sustainable intensification,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yingying Xie; Xiaojing Wang; Adam M. Wilson; John A. Silander
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Shifts in the timing of autumnal leaf coloration and leaf drop in temperate forests with climate change can have substantial impacts on community and ecosystem processes (e.g. altered carbon/nitrogen cycling and biotic interactions). However, the environmental control of autumn phenology remains significantly understudied in striking contrast to spring phenology. In this study, we used linear mixed effects model with ground-based phenology observations in northeastern USA and found that both...
Topics: Drought, Extreme weather events, Heat stress, Leaf coloration, Leaf drop, Species-specific response
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Giovanni Sgubin; Nathalie Ollat; Christian Pagé; Cornelis van Leeuwen
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Tardive frosts, i.e. frost events occurring after grapevine budburst, are a significant risk for viticultural practices, which have recently caused substantial yield losses over different winegrowing regions of France, e.g. in 2016 and 2017. So far, it is unclear whether the frequency of late frosts events is destined to increase or decrease under future climatic conditions. Here, we assess the risk of tardive frosts for the French vineyards throughout the 21st century by analyzing temperature...
Topics: Climate change, General circulation model, Phenological model, Spring frost, Statistical...