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Negativland Ephemera
by Blasphuphmus Radio
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A live performance by Mark Hosler at The Cowfish on 20 October 2018 in Eugene Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLXcJU41Tzg Uploader: Blasphuphmus Radio
Topics: Youtube, video, Music, Live, Mark Hosler, The Cowfish
Folkscanomy Miscellaneous
by Kevin Savetz and FAXTOY Users
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AnnoCinema Archive
movies

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Hot off the success of NGE, Hideaki Anno is interviewed by Noriko Hidaka, whom he worked with during "Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water". Thanks to the contributors on GoFundMe for making this possible! https://www.gofundme.com/subbing-hideaki-anno-tv-interviews Subscribe for more content like this coming soon! https://anchor.fm/annocinema https://twitter.com/annocinema​ https://www.instagram.com/annocinema/​ Me: https://www.youtube.com/chesterlaw2001​...
Topics: Youtube, video, People & Blogs, yt:cc=on, hideaki anno, anno, hideaki, 庵野秀明, 庵野,...
Negativland Ephemera
by comeonneiljustone
movies

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Negativland live in concert featuring the weatherman Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzJdjjJdE5c Uploader: comeonneiljustone
Topics: Youtube, video, Music
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs) harbor an exceptionally high biodiversity of vascular plants. At the same time, climatic conditions in many MTE regions are projected to become both drier and hotter, and fire intervals shorter. The Interval Squeeze conceptual model integrates the potential effects of a changing climate and fire regimes on perennial plant population persistence and postulates that warmer, drier conditions will negatively affect multiple plant demographic processes. Dependent...
Topics: Climate change, Drought impacts, Fire-ecology, Interval squeeze, Mediterranean-type ecosystem,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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China has committed to a peak in carbon dioxide emissions circa 2030. However, current policies cannot meet this ambitious goal. Adjusting its energy-intensive, heavy and chemical-based industrial structure is not only the main way China can change its economic growth pattern but also a key policy strategy to achieve its carbon emission peak goal. In addition to carbon emissions goals, economic growth and employment security must be considered for China's development in the context of...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Industrial structure, Multi-objective optimization, Peak
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Douglas L. Bessette; Joseph L. Arvai
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Governments and privately-held utilities will have to drastically reduce their carbon emissions to mitigate climate change. Such reductions will require transitioning electrical infrastructure to rely on cleaner fuels and power-generation technologies. Despite the myriad factors influencing both the process and eventual outcome of these transitions, it is typically transitions’ cost and individuals’ willingness to pay (WTP) for them that dominate both strategic planning and political...
Topics: Energy portfolios, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Social and environmental attributes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fang Chih Chang; Kun Sheng Chen; Ping Yuan Yang; Chun Han Ko
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This study focuses on the production chains that produce plybamboo for use. The production chains were investigated using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach, which takes into account all of the input and output flows occurring along the production chain. The results show that the major processing type of plybamboo production is mechanical processing. The characterization of various materials demonstrates that bleached glue-laminated bamboo boards exert the greatest potential environmental...
Topics: Bamboo utilization, Environmental benefit, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Plybamboo
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Valentina Palermo; Claire L. Walsh; Richard J. Dawson; Alberto Fichera; Giuseppe Inturri
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Climate change mitigation in urban areas requires a portfolio of policies and practices that are implemented across a range of scales and sectors. The local scale allows the development and implementation of site specific strategies to address climate change in urban areas that have been proven to be more efficient, especially within buildings. But these must be within the wider context of transport and other energy consumption. A unique integrated assessment methodology for the analysis of...
Topics: Energy model, Neighbourhood, Urban energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Emilio Sabia; Fabio Napolitano; Salvatore Claps; Giuseppe De Rosa; Ada Braghieri; Corrado Pacelli
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In the near future dairy enterprises will have to meet increasing environmental regulations. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects on the environment of dairy buffalo farming as affected by two different heifer rearing systems, free-ranging (FR) and confinement (C) using the Life Cycle Assessment approach. The primary data were collected from 32 subjects. The analysis included all of the farming phases (i.e. birth to weaning, weaning to 7–8 months of age, 7–8 months to puberty,...
Topics: Agriculture land occupation, Climate change, Dairy buffalo, Marine eutrophication, Mediterranean...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Galina V. Pashkova; Tatyana S. Aisueva; Alexandr L. Finkelshtein; Tatyana Yu Cherkashina; Alexandr A. Shchetnikov
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Element distribution data in lake sediments are widely used to study environmental and climate change over geological time scales. Total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) seems to be well suited for fast multi-elemental analysis of small quantities of subsamples obtained by cutting a sediment core at different intervals. The TXRF technique based on the direct analysis of a suspension prepared by mixing 20 mg of powdered sample and 2 mL of an aqueous 1% Triton X-100 solution was applied to...
Topics: Compton peak, Internal standard, Sediments, Suspension, TXRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Askari; I. Sharifi; M. R. Aflatoonian; Z. Babaei; P. Ghasemi Nejad Almani; M. A. Mohammadi; H. Alizadeh; S. Hemati; M. Bamorovat
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Leishmaniasis is rising in many countries, including Iran, due to climate change, refugee crises, urbanization and etc. The aim of this study was to explore the epidemiology, extent and identity of Leishmania species in a newly emerged focus in Abdanan County, Ilam Province, South-western Iran. This study was performed as a descriptive cross-sectional study by a systematic house-to-house approach. The Leishmania species was identified by RFLP-PCR and sequencing. Altogether, 46799 individuals...
Spatial planning is expected to facilitate climate change adaptation by directing future spatial and infrastructure developments away from zones that are exposed to climate-related hazards. This study attempts to confirm this understanding by mapping the effects of the various spatial plans on the northern coast of Java, Indonesia. First, the study maps the extent of coastal hazards for the baseline year of 2010 using a GIS-based inundation model. An overlay in GIS demonstrates the influence of...
Topics: Java coastline, Sea level rise, Spatial plan
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Scott A. Martin; Rhett M. Rautsaw; M. Rebecca Bolt; Christopher L. Parkinson; Richard A. Seigel
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Coastal ecosystems worldwide are being impacted by sea-level rise caused by climate change. As mitigation efforts increase to protect these threatened ecosystems, a deeper understanding of how wildlife adapt to coastal management techniques is needed. We monitored three constructed sand dunes (built in 2010 and 2014) and two natural dunes in central Florida from June 2015 through June 2016 to assess the impact of dune construction as a management technique on terrestrial vertebrates....
Topics: Climate change, Florida, Managed retreat, Wildlife management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefan Micallef; Anton Micallef; Charles Galdies
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This study provides an assessment of erosion hazard on the Maltese coast via application of the Coastal Hazard Wheel, a tool that also facilitated analysis of a number of other inherent coastal hazards including ecosystem disruption, gradual inundation, salt water intrusion, and flooding. The CHW characterises the coastal environment by considering geological layout, wave exposure, tidal range, flora and fauna, sediment balance and storm climate. Application of the CHW identified coastal...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal Hazard Wheel, Coastal erosion, Coastal erosion management, Coastline...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Steven W.J. Canty; Richard F. Preziosi; Jennifer K. Rowntree
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Mangroves are declining globally at faster rates than tropical forests and coral reefs, with primary threats including, aquaculture, agriculture and climate change. Mangroves provide ecosystem services to coastal communities of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and Honduras, which comprise the Mesoamerican Reef (MAR) ecoregion. Over the past two decades mangroves within the MAR have declined. Current estimates of mangrove cover in the region suggest that mangroves cover 239,176 ha of the MAR,...
Topics: Conservation, Management, Mangroves, Mesoamerica, Research foci, Threats
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. P. Rötter; M. P. Hoffmann; M. Koch; C. Müller
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Modelling is a key tool to explore agricultural impacts of and adaptations to climate change. Here we report recent progress made especially referring to the large project initiatives MACSUR and AgMIP; in particular, in modelling potential crop impacts from field to global using multi-model ensembles. We identify two main fields where further progress is necessary: a more mechanistic understanding of climate impacts and management options for adaptation and mitigation; and focusing on cropping...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi; Tendai Polite Chibarabada; Vimbayi Grace Petrova Chimonyo; Albert Thembinkosi Modi
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Climate change projections for southern Africa indicate low and erratic rainfall as well as increasing frequency and intensity of rainfall extremes such as drought. The 2015/16 drought devastated large parts of southern Africa and highlighted the need for drought tolerant crops. Bambara groundnut is an African indigenous crop, commonly cultivated in southern Africa, with a higher potential for drought tolerance compared to other staple legumes. AquaCrop model was used to evaluate the impacts of...
Topics: Adaptation, AquaCrop, Resilience, Water productivity, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

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A new Late glacial-Holocene palaeoenvironmental record from near Lago Lynch (53°54′S, 69°26′W), Tierra del Fuego is presented. The record was sampled from a mire located within the deciduous Nothofagus forest-steppe ecotone and pollen and spore analysis suggest a high degree of vulnerability of past vegetation to changes in effective moisture. AMS radiocarbon dating supplemented by the application of tephrochronology including the geochemical fingerprinting of six visible and cryptotephra...
Topics: Southern beech, Tephrochronology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bisrat Kifle Arsiso; Gizaw Mengistu Tsidu; Gerrit Hendrik Stoffberg
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Understanding climate change and variability at an urban scale is essential for water resource management, land use planning, development of adaption plans, mitigation of air and water pollution. However, there are serious challenges to meet these goals due to unavailability of observed and/or simulated high resolution spatial and temporal climate data. The statistical downscaling of general circulation climate model, for instance, is usually driven by sparse observational data hindering the...
Topics: Addis Ababa-Ethiopia, Climate change, Emission scenarios, Representative concentration pathways,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bente J. Graae; Vigdis Vandvik; Kari Klanderud; W. Scott Armbruster; Wolf L. Eiserhardt; Kristoffer Hylander; Johan Ehrlén; James D.M. Speed; Kari Anne Bråthen; Ann Milbau; Øystein H. Opedal; Inger G. Alsos; Rasmus Ejrnæs; Hans Henrik Bruun; H. John B. Birks
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In the face of climate change, populations have two survival options − they can remain in situ and tolerate the new climatic conditions (“stay”), or they can move to track their climatic niches (“go”). For sessile and small-stature organisms like alpine plants, staying requires broad climatic tolerances, realized niche shifts due to changing biotic interactions, acclimation through plasticity, or rapid genetic adaptation. Going, in contrast, requires good dispersal and colonization...
Topics: Adaptation, Dispersal, Microclimate, Niche, Refugia, Resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. E. Hartman; M. P. Humphreys; C. Kivimäe; E. M.S. Woodward; V. Kitidis; T. McGrath; D. J. Hydes; T. Hull; C. Ostle; D. J. Pearce; D. Sivyer; B. M. Stewart; P. Walsham; S. C. Painter; E. McGovern
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In 2014-5 the UK NERC sponsored an 18 month long Shelf Sea Biogeochemistry research programme which collected over 1500 nutrient and carbonate system samples across the NW European Continental shelf, one of the largest continental shelves on the planet. This involved the cooperation of 10 different Institutes and Universities, using 6 different vessels. Additional carbon dioxide (CO2) data were obtained from the underway systems on three of the research vessels. Here, we present and discuss...
Topics: Carbonate chemistry, Nutrients, Shelf seas
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jun Wang; Junzhe Wang; Yunze Lu; Yan Fang; Xin Gao; Zhonghua Wang; Weijun Zheng; Shengbao Xu
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High temperature severely damage the growth and development of crops with climate change. To effectively screen heat responsive proteins in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the isobaric tandem mass tag (TMT)-labeled quantitative proteomic analysis and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were performed. Here, we found that a wheat RADIATION SENSITIVE 23 protein, TaRAD23, was up-regulated at both protein and RNA levels by exposing to heat stress. Sequence homology analysis indicated that the...
Topics: Development, HSFA2, TaRAD23, Thermotolerance, Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rad23b
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara González-Delgado; Cataixa López; Alberto Brito; Sabrina Clemente
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Rising ocean temperatures as consequence of climate change has led to increased populations of species with tropical affinities, generating a tropicalization process of the biota. In this sense, an increase in populations of the zoanthids Palythoa canariensis and Zoanthus sp. is expected for the Canary Islands being able to change local habitats and biodiversity. Within this study the potential of these species to modify the composition of their associated fauna in intertidal pools of the...
Topics: Biodiversity, Ecosystem engineers, NE atlantic, Palythoa canariensis, Tropicalization, Zoanthus sp.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Erwann Legrand; Pascal Riera; Loïc Pouliquen; Olivier Bohner; Thierry Cariou; Sophie Martin
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Diurnal and seasonal variations in temperature, salinity, oxygen concentration, carbonate chemistry parameters and nutrient concentration were monitored within mid-tidal rockpools on the north-western coast of Brittany, France. We also examined the importance of rockpool physical characteristics (e.g. shore height, surface, volume and depth) on the physico-chemical variability. Rockpool shore height and depth appeared as the main physical factors driving physico-chemical variations. Shallow...
Topics: Coralline algae, Diurnal variability, Fleshy algae, Rockpool, Seasonal variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew B. Charlton; Michael J. Bowes; Michael G. Hutchins; Harriet G. Orr; Rob Soley; Paul Davison
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Climate change is expected to increase eutrophication risk in rivers yet few studies identify the timescale or spatial extent of such impacts. Phosphorus concentration, considered the primary driver of eutrophication risk in English rivers, may increase through reduced dilution particularly if river flows are lower in summer. Detailed models can indicate change in catchment phosphorus concentrations but targeted support for mitigation measures requires a national scale evaluation of risk. In...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Future-river flows, Orthophosphate, Water Framework Directive
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dung Phung; Huong Xuan Nguyen; Huong Lien Thi Nguyen; Cuong Manh Do; Quang Dai Tran; Cordia Chu
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Background Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) is a significant public health issue in Asia-pacific countries. Numerous studies have examined the relationship between socio-ecological factors and HFMD however the research findings were inconsistent. This study examined the association between socio-ecologic factors and HFMD in multiple provinces across Vietnam. Methods We applied a spatial autoregressive model using a Bayesian framework to examine the relationship between HFMD and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tuba Bucak; Dennis Trolle; Nihan Tavşanoğlu; A. İdil Çakıroğlu; Arda Özen; Erik Jeppesen; Meryem Beklioğlu
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Climate change and intense land use practices are the main threats to ecosystem structure and services of Mediterranean lakes. Therefore, it is essential to predict the future changes and develop mitigation measures to combat such pressures. In this study, Lake Beyşehir, the largest freshwater lake in the Mediterranean basin, was selected to study the impacts of climate change and various land use scenarios on the ecosystem dynamics of Mediterranean freshwater ecosystems and the services that...
Topics: Cyanobacteria, Ecosystem services, Lake modeling, Mediterranean
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alejandro Gallego-Schmid; Joan Manuel F. Mendoza; Adisa Azapagic
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More than 130 million microwaves are affected by European Union (EU) legislation which is aimed at reducing the consumption of electricity in the standby mode ('standby Regulation’) and at more sustainable management of end-of-life electrical and electronic waste (‘WEEE Directive’). While legislation focuses on these two life cycle stages, there is little information on the environmental impacts of the entire life cycle of microwaves. To address this gap, this paper presents a...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Resource consumption, Standby...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matthew G.E. Mitchell; Kasper Johansen; Martine Maron; Clive A. McAlpine; Dan Wu; Jonathan R. Rhodes
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Urban areas are sources of land use change and CO2 emissions that contribute to global climate change. Despite this, assessments of urban vegetation carbon stocks often fail to identify important landscape-scale drivers of variation in urban carbon, especially the potential effects of landscape structure variables at different spatial scales. We combined field measurements with Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) data to build high-resolution models of woody plant aboveground carbon across the...
Topics: Land use/land cover, Landscape structure, LiDAR, Urban ecology, Vegetation structure
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eduardo Aguilera; Guiomar Carranza-Gallego; David Soto; Manuel González de Molina
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Soil organic carbon (SOC) management is key for soil fertility and for mitigation and adaptation to climate change, particularly in desertification-prone areas such as Mediterranean croplands. Industrialization and global change processes affect SOC dynamics in multiple, often opposing, ways. Here we present a detailed SOC balance in Spanish cropland from 1900 to 2008, as a model of a Mediterranean, industrialized agriculture. Net Primary Productivity (NPP) and soil C inputs were estimated...
Topics: Climate change, Irrigation, Land use change, NPP, Roots, Woody crops
Studies on the impacts of drought usually make the implicit assumption that there will always be a negative effect on the environment, the economy and society. However, other approaches, based for example on the framework provided by the consumer surplus theory, try to focus on the distributive effects of drought. In this paper, in the wake of such approaches, we address the question of the distributive effects of drought on agriculture, exploring and studying in depth the characteristics, the...
Topics: Agriculture, Consumer surplus, Distributive effects, Drought, Social justice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Identifying the historical hydrometeorological trends in a river basin is necessary for understanding the dominant interactions between climate, human activities and local hydromorphological conditions. Estimating the hydrological reference conditions in a river is also crucial for estimating accurately the impacts from human water related activities and design appropriate water management schemes. In this effort, the output of a regional past climate model was used, covering the period from...
Topics: Climate change, Historical climatology, Human interventions, Spercheios River, Trend analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Luísa Maulvault; Vasco Pissarra; Pedro Pousão Ferreira; Ricardo Alves; Fabiola Fogaça; Vera Barbosa; Damià Barceló; Sara Rodriguez-Mozaz; António Marques; Mário Diniz; Rui Rosa
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Antidepressants, such as venlafaxine (VFX), which are considered emerging environmental pollutants, are increasingly more present in the marine environment, and recent evidence suggest that they might have adverse effects on fish behaviour. Furthermore, altered environmental conditions associated to climate change (e.g. warming and acidification) can also have a determinant role on fish behaviour, fitness and survival. Yet, the underlying interactions between these environmental stressors...
Topics: Antidepressants, Fish behaviour, Ocean acidification, Ocean warming, Venlafaxine
The grapevine is one of the most important edible fruit plants cultivated worldwide, and it is highly sensitive to changes in the soil water content. We studied the total carbon and nitrogen contents and stable isotope compositions (C/NWSR, δ13CWSR and δ15NWSR values) of the solid residues obtained by freeze-drying wines produced from two white grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera L. cv Chasselas and Petite Arvine) field grown under different soil water regimes while maintaining other climatic...
Topics: Soil-water status, Vineyards, Wine solid residues, δ13C
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xavier Arnan; Gabriela B. Arcoverde; Marcio R. Pie; José D. Ribeiro-Neto; Inara R. Leal
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Anthropogenic disturbance and climate change are major threats to biodiversity. The Brazilian Caatinga is the world's largest and most diverse type of seasonally dry tropical forest. It is also one of the most threatened, but remains poorly studied. Here, we analyzed the individual and combined effects of anthropogenic disturbance (three types: livestock grazing, wood extraction, and miscellaneous use of forest resources) and increasing aridity on taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional ant...
Topics: Functional diversity, Morphological traits, Phylogenetic diversity, Rainfall
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wen J. Wang; Hong S. He; Frank R. Thompson; Martin A. Spetich; Jacob S. Fraser
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Demographic processes (fecundity, dispersal, colonization, growth, and mortality) and their interactions with environmental changes are not well represented in current climate-distribution models (e.g., niche and biophysical process models) and constitute a large uncertainty in projections of future tree species distribution shifts. We investigate how species biological traits and environmental heterogeneity affect species distribution shifts. We used a species-specific, spatially explicit...
Topics: Demography, Dispersal, LANDIS PRO, Landscape modeling, Species distribution modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hongfen Teng; Raphael A. Viscarra Rossel; Zhou Shi; Adrian Chappell; Wu Yu
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Soil erosion by water is accelerated by a warming climate and negatively impacts water security and ecological conservation. The Tibetan Plateau (TP) has experienced warming at a rate approximately twice that observed globally, and heavy precipitation events lead to an increased risk of erosion. In this study, we assessed current erosion on the TP and predicted potential soil erosion by water in 2050. The study was conducted in three steps. During the first step, we used the Revised Universal...
Topics: Climate change, Future erosion, RUSLE, Soil erosion by water, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tianyang Li; Siyue Li; Richard T. Bush; Chuan Liang
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Silicon and carbon geochemical linkages were usually regulated by chemical weathering and organism activity, but had not been investigated under the drought condition, and the magnitude and extent of drought effects remain poorly understood. We collected a comprehensive data set from a total of 13 sampling sites covering the main water body of the largest freshwater lake system in Australia, the Lower Lakes. Changes to water quality during drought (April 2008–September 2010) and post-drought...
Topics: Bicarbonate, Climate change, Dissolved silica, Drought, Geochemical linkages, Water quality...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Ruiz; G. San Miguel; B. Corona; A. Gaitero; A. Domínguez
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This paper investigates the environmental and economic performance of the power production from biogas using Life Cycle Assessment, Life Cycle Costing and Cost Benefit Analysis methodologies. The analysis is based on a commercial thermophilic biogas plant located in Spain where is installed a Combined Heat and Power system that produces electricity that is sold to the grid. Power generation has been assumed as the only function of the biogas system, expanding the system boundaries to include...
Topics: Biogas, Combined heat and power, LCA, Renewable energy resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Esther Bautista-Chamizo; Marta Sendra; Ángeles Cid; Marta Seoane; Manoela Romano de Orte; Inmaculada Riba
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To evaluate the effects related to the combination of potential future changes in pH, temperature and salinity on microalgae, a laboratory experiment was performed using the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Populations of this species were exposed during 48 h to a three-factor experimental design (3 × 2 × 2) with two artificial pH values (6, 7.4), two levels of temperature (23 °C, 28 °C), two levels of salinity (34 psu, 40 psu) and a control (pH 8, Temp 23 °C, Sal 34 psu). The...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Ecotoxicology, Flow cytometry, Phytoplankton, pH
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Aerosol is an important component of the atmosphere that affects the environment, climate, and human health. Remote sensing is an efficient observation method for monitoring global aerosol distribution and changes over time. The daily Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) level-2 aerosol optical depth (AOD) (Collection 6) product (10 km resolution) is often used to study climate change and air pollution. However, the product is prone to yielding large amounts of data gaps due to...
Topic: Spatiotemporal correlation
On the behalf of my co-authors I submit the following corrigendum: #1 Hilsa kelee should be replaced with Tenualosa ilisha (in 3 places) Appendix A - Table A1 Page 9 - Marine (under common name Hilsa Shad) Page 10 Freshwater (under common name of Hilsa shad) Page 11 Table A2 Freshwater (under common name of Hilsa shad) #2 Penaeus semiculcatus should be Penaeus semisulcatus (in 1 place). Page 10 Table A2 Penaeid Prawn #3 Cirrhinus cirrhosus should be Cirrhinus mrigala (in 3 places). Appendix A...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lu Hao; Cen Pan; Di Fang; Xiaoyu Zhang; Peilong Liu; Yongqiang Liu; Ge Sun
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Grazing is a major ecosystem disturbance in arid regions that are increasingly threatened by climate change. Understanding the long-term impacts of grazing on rangeland vegetation dynamics in a complex terrain in mountainous regions is important for quantifying dry land ecosystem services for integrated watershed management and climate change adaptation. However, data on the detailed long-term spatial distribution of grazing activities are rare, which prevents trend detection and environmental...
Topics: Climate change detection, Grazing pressure, Leaf area index, Mountainous watershed management,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michol Ghezzo; Michele Pellizzato; Francesca De Pascalis; Silvia Silvestri; Georg Umgiesser
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A crucial aspect in climate change is to understand how an ecosystem will adapt under different environmental conditions and how it will influence the ecological resources and the connected human activities. In this study, a numerical model reproduces the growth dynamics, dispersion and settlement of clam's larvae in the Venice lagoon. On the basis of the last IPCC scenarios for the years 2050 and 2100, the model simulates the changes in larval settlement, showing how the geographical...
Topics: Individual based model, Larval settlement, Manila clam, Sustainable management, Venice lagoon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna Łubek; Martin Kukwa; Bogdan Jaroszewicz; Patryk Czortek
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Epiphytic lichens are sensitive bioindicators responding to climate change and atmospheric pollutants. Climate warming changes in lichen biota have been reported from Western and Central Europe; therefore, similar trends in the biota of the close-to-natural forests of Eastern Europe were expected. In both examinations (1987–1989 and 2015–2016) of 144 permanent plots the same field method was used. The following functional epiphyte groups were distinguished: climate warming indicators (VDI...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, Ecological indicators, Eutrophication, Old-growth, Trentepohlia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The transition to low-carbon transportation fuels plays a key role in ongoing efforts to combat climate change. This analysis seeks to optimize potential alternative fuel portfolios that would lead to a 10% reduction in fuel carbon intensity by 2020 as required under California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS). We present a novel, probabilistic modeling approach for evaluating alternative fuel portfolios based on their marginal greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement costs. Applied to a case study...
Topics: Electric vehicles, Low Carbon Fuel Standard, MAC curve, Marginal abatement cost, Transportation fuel
Since the fall in world oil prices in June 2014, the economic and political settings for fossil fuel subsidy reforms have changed. As in many developing economies, in South Africa oil price subsidies are criticized as an inefficient policy instrument because they hamper economic growth, contradict objectives of climate change mitigation and mainly benefit high income households which can afford to own a car. Public transportation services are the mobility option for poorer South African...
Topics: CGE model, Fossil fuel subsidies, South Africa, Subsidy reform, Transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rohan Shah; N. Nezamuddin; Michael W. Levin
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Mobile-source emissions are pivotal in quantifying the negative externalities of surface transportation, such as environmental pollution and climate-change, and in evaluating low-carbon traffic strategies. In such assessments, it is important to avoid prospective policy shortcomings. Hence, a wide range of sensitivities of mobile-source emissions must be understood, particularly from a traffic modeling standpoint. This paper takes a step in that direction and explores the effects of certain...
Topics: Low-carbon traffic, MOVES, Mobile-source emissions, Network-based emissions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lance Noel; Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens; Johannes Kester; Benjamin K. Sovacool
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Electric vehicles and vehicle-to-grid are one option to achieve the transition to decarbonizing society. Despite perceived advantages of cost-savings and carbon reductions, such technologies have faced various barriers that has prevented wide-scale adoption. While much literature has carefully investigated the techno-economics dimensions to electric mobility, we ask: what are the full set of benefits that EVs and V2G offer? To provide an answer, the authors conducted 227 semi-structured...
Topics: Climate change, Electric vehicles, Transport policy, Vehicle-to-grid
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jordan N. Minigan; Heather A. Hager; Andrew S. Peregrine; Jonathan A. Newman
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The American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) is medically and economically important in North America. This species is found across central and eastern North America from the Gulf Coast of Mexico through southern Canada. In parts of this region, D. variabilis is a vector for pathogens that cause diseases in humans and animals. Our aim was to determine whether climate change would affect the distribution of the climatically suitable area for D. variabilis in North America, to aid monitoring...
Topics: Climate change, Dermacentor variabilis, Species distribution model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nor Aishah Saidina Amin; Amin Talebian-Kiakalaieh
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As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill...
Topics: Biomass, Carbon emission, Climate change, Oil palm, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Morey Burnham; Zhao Ma
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Smallholder farmers in the Loess Plateau Region of China are highly vulnerable to climate change. Effective adaptation governance requires in-depth, situated understanding of how adaptation is embedded in particular environmental, social, political, economic, and institutional contexts. Drawing on 93 qualitative interviews with smallholder households in five counties across three provinces on the Loess Plateau, we use a multi-scalar pathways approach to analyze two particular adaptations...
Topics: China, agricultural decision-making, climate change adaptation, livelihoods, pathways,...
Approaches to resilience to climate change can be socially exclusionary if they do not acknowledge diverse experiences of risks or socio-economic barriers to resilience. This paper contributes to analyses of resilience by studying how theories of change (ToC) processes used by development organizations might lead to social exclusions, and seeking ways to make these more inclusive. Adopting insights from participatory monitoring and evaluation, the paper first presents fieldwork from four...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Livelihoods, Myanmar, Resilience, Theories of change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. G. Conijn; P. S. Bindraban; J. J. Schröder; R. E.E. Jongschaap
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Global food demand is expected to increase, affecting required land, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) inputs along with unintended emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHG) and losses of N and P. To quantify these input requirements and associated emissions/losses as a function of food demand, we built a comprehensive model of the food system and investigated the effects of multiple interventions in the food system on multiple environmental goals. Model outcomes are compared to planetary boundaries...
Topics: Food system, GHG emission, Land use, Phosphorus, Planetary boundaries, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fred D. Tillman; Tom Pruitt; Subhrendu Gangopadhyay
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Hydrologic model input datasets such as climate, land use, elevation, soil, and geology information are available in a range of scales for use in water resources investigations. Smaller spatial and temporal scale input data allow groundwater recharge models to simulate more physically realistic processes and presumably result in more accurate estimates of groundwater recharge. Projected climate data are, therefore, often downscaled to smaller spatial and temporal scales for use in these models....
Topics: Climate change, Groundwater recharge, Upper Colorado River basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lindsay D. Brin; Claudia Goyer; Bernie J. Zebarth; David L. Burton; Martin H. Chantigny
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Climate change-related increases in winter temperatures and precipitation, as predicted for eastern Canada, may alter snow cover, with consequences for soil temperature and moisture, nitrogen cycling, and greenhouse gas fluxes. To assess the effects of snow depth in a humid temperate agricultural ecosystem, we conducted a two-year field study with (1) snow removal, (2) passive snow accumulation (via snow fence), and (3) ambient snow treatments. We measured in situ N2O and CO2 fluxes and...
Topics: Carbon dioxide, Climate change, Denitrification, Nitrification, Nitrous oxide, Snow cover
Carbon use efficiency (CUE), defined as the ratio of net primary production (NPP) to gross primary production (GPP), represents the capacity of plants in converting assimilated atmospheric carbon dioxide to ecosystem carbon storage. Process-based models are important tools for simulating NPP and GPP; yet the model performance in simulating vegetation CUE has not been fully explored. The goal of this paper is thus to investigate the spatial variations in CUE from different process-based carbon...
Topics: Autotrophic respiration (Ra), Carbon cycle models, Carbon use efficiency (CUE), Climate change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dan Liu; Philippe Ciais; Xianzhou Zhang; Gensuo Jia; Mingguo Ma; Yaoming Ma; Miaogen Shen; Shilong Piao
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The grassland ecosystems in Tibetan Plateau (TP) and Inner Mongolia (IM) of China play important roles in climate change mitigation and food and livestock production. These two regions have increasingly experienced higher temperatures and changing precipitation regimes over the past three decades. However, it remains uncertain to what extent rising temperature and varying precipitation regulate the water and carbon fluxes across alpine (TP) and temperate (IM) grasslands. Here, we first optimize...
Topics: Climate change, Grassland, Inner Mongolia, ORCHIDEE model, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change is influencing tree phenology, causing earlier and more prolonged canopy closure in temperate forests. Canopy closure is closely associated with understorey light, so shifts in its timing have wide-reaching consequences for ecological processes in the understorey. Widespread monitoring of forest canopies through time is needed to understand changes in light availability during spring in particular. Canopy openness, derived from hemispherical photography, has frequently been used...
Topics: Citizen science, Fisheye photography, Hemispherical photography, Phenology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaoyang Zhang; Senthilnath Jayavelu; Lingling Liu; Mark A. Friedl; Geoffrey M. Henebry; Yan Liu; Crystal B. Schaaf; Andrew D. Richardson; Joshua Gray
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Land surface phenology (LSP) has been widely retrieved from time series of various satellite instruments in order to monitor climate change and ecosystem dynamics. However, any evaluation of the quality of LSP data sets is quite challenging because the in situ observations on a limited number of individual trees, shrubs, or other plants are rarely representative of the landscape sampled in a single satellite pixel. Moreover, vegetation indices detecting biophysical features of vegetation...
Topics: Land surface phenology, Phenocam, VIIRS, Validation and evaluation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amit Kumar Srivastava; Cho Miltin Mboh; Gang Zhao; Thomas Gaiser; Frank Ewert
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Climate change is unequivocal and these changes have increased over the past few years. The recent vulnerability and prospect of climate variability and change impact, thus, warrants measures now to reduce the adverse impacts. This study presents an estimate of the effects of climate variables on potential maize productivity and an assessment of the most limiting climatic drivers in the future climate scenarios for maize production in central Ghana, constituting major maize production areas....
Topics: Autonomous adaptation, Climate change, Maize, Sub-Saharan Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Mixed crop-livestock farming systems provide food for more than half of the world's population. These agricultural systems are predicted to be vulnerable to climate change and therefore require transformative adaptations. In collaboration with farmers in the wheatbelt of Western Australia (WA), a range of systemic and transformative adaptation options, e.g. land use change, were designed for the modelled climate change projected to occur in 2030 (0.4–1.4° increase in mean temperature). The...
Topics: Mitigation, Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kpoti M. Gunn; Debra L. Gamble; Larry C. Brown; Barry J. Allred; Jeff A. Andresen
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Subirrigation is employed to supply water to crop root zones via subsurface drainage systems, which are typically installed for the purpose of excess soil water removal. Crop yield increases due to subirrigation have been demonstrated in numerous studies, but there is limited information regarding yield under future climate conditions when growing season conditions are expected to be drier in the U.S. Corn Belt. DRAINMOD was calibrated and validated for three locations with different soil...
Topics: DRAINMOD, Drainage, Hoytville, Maumee, Nappanee, Paulding
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anton Pijl; Claudia C. Brauer; Giulia Sofia; Adriaan J. Teuling; Paolo Tarolli
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The Po valley in northern Italy is one of Europe's largest and most anthropogenically-modified lowland areas, where intensifying climate and land transformation are increasingly causing water management problems. In this study, the Wageningen Lowland Runoff Simulator (WALRUS) is calibrated, validated, and applied to a reclaimed basin in the Veneto region (Italy) in order to assess the hydrologic impacts of land use and climate change scenarios. First-time model calibration for Mediterranean...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrologic modelling, Land use change, Lowland, Scenario analysis, Urbanisation
Refrigerators are a common appliance in developed and emerging economies around the world. These appliances consume significant energy globally and improving their efficiency is an important aspect of future climate change mitigation. It is widely understood that the energy consumption of household refrigerating appliances is strongly influenced by room temperature and many analysts have identified ambient temperature as the most important factor in normal use. Room temperature has two main...
Topics: Energy consumption, Freezers, Household refrigeration, Modelling energy, Refrigerators, Room...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Arvind Parwal; Martin Fregelius; Irinia Temiz; Malin Göteman; Janaina G.de Oliveira; Cecilia Boström; Mats Leijon
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The concern for climate change and energy consumption has increased the demand for renewable energy production considerably. Marine energy sources attract attention because of their high energy density. Wave energy is an attractive renewable energy source with large potential. Due to the nature of the ocean waves, a linear wave energy converter generates intermittent power. It is therefore crucial to regularize the power before connecting to the grid. Energy storage systems present effective...
Topics: Dynamic rate limiter, Energy management control system, Hybrid energy storage system, State of...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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It remains unknown how molluscs will respond to oceans which are increasingly predicted to be warmer, more acidic, and heavily polluted. Ocean acidification and trace metals will likely interact to increase the energy demands of marine organisms, especially oysters. This study tested the interactive effect of exposure to elevated pCO2 and copper on the energetic demands of the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) during reproductive conditioning and determined whether there were any...
Topics: Climate change, Copper, Eggs, Lipids, Mollusc, Ocean acidification, Oysters, Resilience,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ana Luísa Maulvault; Vera Barbosa; Ricardo Alves; Patrícia Anacleto; Carolina Camacho; Sara Cunha; José O. Fernandes; Pedro Pousão Ferreira; Rui Rosa; António Marques; Mário Diniz
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Pharmaceutical drugs, such as diclofenac (DCF), are frequently detected in the marine environment, and recent evidence has pointed out their toxicity to non-target marine biota. Concomitantly, altered environmental conditions associated with climate change (e.g. warming and acidification) can also affect the physiology of marine organisms. Yet, the underlying interactions between these environmental stressors (pharmaceutical exposure and climate change-related stressors) still require a deeper...
Topics: Acidification, Diclofenac, Fish, IBR, Multi-biomarkers, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pierpaolo Saccon
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This chapter aims to illustrate some of the recent methodologies that can be employed for improving water use efficiency in agriculture by optimizing irrigation management based on crop water requirements.
Topics: AquaCrop, Crop water productivity, Crop water requirement, FAO, Irrigation management, Scenario...
Buildings play a significant role in climate change mitigation. In North America, energy used to construct and operate buildings accounts for some 40% of total energy use, largely originating from fossil fuels. The strategic reduction of these energy demands requires knowledge of potential upgrades prior to a building's construction. Furthermore, renewable energy generation integrated into buildings façades and district systems can improve the resiliency of community infrastructure. However,...
Topics: District energy, Energy planning, Evolutionary algorithm, Net-zero energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A study of reproductive phenology and reproductive performance of the mangrove species Rhizophora stylosa was conducted in three estuaries spanning the southernmost 265 km of its known range on the east Australian coast. The timing of reproductive primordia, buds, flowers, fruit and propagule fall did not differ significantly over the latitudinal range of the study. Peak propagule fall occurred in April after a mean 19–20 months of development, only slightly longer than accounts for tropical...
Topics: Australia, Climate change, Latitudinal limit, Mangrove, Phenology, Reproduction, Rhizophora stylosa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pamela T. Muñoz; José Bonomi Barufi; Leonardo Rörig; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Paulo Antunes Horta
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Combined effect of acidification and sea warming derived from future conditions of Climate Change have been little investigated in marine photoautotrophs, especially on sensitive organisms such as calcifying macroalgae. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the interactive effects of acidification and increased temperatures on the two Brazilian calcifying macroalgae Lithothamnion crispatum and Sonderophycus capensis. Both species were cultured for 48 h under: (1) current pH (7.8 ± 0.2)...
Topics: Acidification, Climate change, Macroalgae, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lijie He; Lunche Wang; Aiwen Lin; Ming Zhang; Xiangao Xia; Minghui Tao; Hao Zhou
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Since the Reform and Opening up in China, aerosols increasingly affect the country's climate change and human health. However, remote sensing studies have been inconclusive as to long-term trends in Chinese aerosol emissions. The newly-released MERRA-2 product provides a long-term (1980 onward) aerosol reanalysis dataset, and thus is used in this study for identifying trends in aerosol optical depth (AOD) and aerosol direct radiative effect (ADRE) in clear sky over the Yangtze River Basin (YRB)...
Topics: Aerosol direct radiative effect, Aerosol optical depth, Impact factor analysis, Trend analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ning Hu; Shoudong Liu; Yunqiu Gao; Jiaping Xu; Xue Zhang; Zhen Zhang; Xuhui Lee
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In recent years, cities in developing countries have become more and more reliant on natural gas as a clean energy source for transportation to reduce air pollution. In this study, we used street-level measurement of atmospheric CH4 and CO2 concentrations to quantify CH4 emissions from natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in China. These measurements were made in eight cities (Chengdu, Urumqi, Jinan, Nanjing, Lanzhou, Harbin, Guangzhou) with varying sizes of NGV fleet. A traffic CH4:CO2 emission ratio...
Topics: Emission factor, Leakage, Natural gas vehicles, Tailpipe emission
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianjun He; Sunling Gong; Chunhong Zhou; Shuhua Lu; Lin Wu; Ying Chen; Ye Yu; Suping Zhao; Lijuan Yu; Chengmei Yin
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To better understand the interannual variation of winter haze pollution, this paper investigates winter circulation types and their impacts on local meteorological conditions and haze pollution during 38 winters from 1980 to 2017 in Beijing. Circulation types were classified by T-mode principal component analysis combined with the K-means cluster method using European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts ERA-interim sea level pressure data. The results can significantly distinguish the...
Topics: Circulation types, Haze pollution, Local meteorology, PM 2.5
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Replacing fossil fuels by logging-residue-based bioenergy has been proposed as a way to mitigate climate change. If residues are combusted for energy, their carbon content is released immediately. Residues, that are not combusted, decompose and emit carbon gradually. The relative harmfulness of bioenergy emissions therefore depends on how strongly we prefer the slow release of carbon to an immediate one. Two factors affect this judgment: (1) our time preference and (2) our expectations...
Topics: Betula pendula, Bioenergy, Carbon, Emission factor, Logging residues, Picea abies, Pinus...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Deumlich; R. H. Ellerbrock; Mo Frielinghaus
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In this paper the storage potential of soils within a heterogeneous structured hummocky young moraine region for organic carbon is discussed with respect to climate change and erosion. Erosion is discussed to be either a global terrestrial CO 2 sink or a source. In hummocky young moraine regions of North East Germany water and tillage erosion are steadily changing factors since the beginning of arable landuse in ancient times. For such topographically complex landscapes the knowledge on soil...
Topics: Carbon, Plot experiment, Sequestration, Tillage erosion, Water erosion
Because forest tree species face serious threats including insect and disease epidemics, climate change, and forest fragmentation and conversion, prioritizing species and forests for conservation is an essential management goal. This paper describes a species prioritization approach that incorporates both the rarity of species, because of the increased vulnerability associated with rare species, and their evolutionary distinctiveness (ED), a measure of evolutionary originality. Rarity and ED...
Topics: Biodiversity, Biogeography, Conservation biology, Evolution, Prioritization, Protected areas
Predicting the pattern of clothing adjustment to climate change can provide important basis for thermal comfort and energy consumption analysis. This study proposed a clothing model (IC-RM model) to predict indoor clothing insulation based on people's thermal history. In the IC-RM model, the running mean (RM) outdoor temperature (exponentially weighted running mean of the past outdoor temperatures) was used as the outdoor climate index to reflect the thermal history. Different from the existing...
Topics: Thermal adaption, Thermal comfort
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Barkha Subba; Sandeep Sen; Gudasalamani Ravikanth; Michael Peter Nobis
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Amphibians are one of the most vulnerable taxa at risk of rapid decline under climate change. Here, we evaluated the impact of different migration constraints on projected future distributions of four high elevation frogs, belonging to the genus Scutiger, in the Eastern Himalaya. We explored differences between the output of conventional models assuming no or unlimited migration versus models considering plausible migration rates to ascertain future species distributions under climate change....
Topics: Amphibian distributions, Climate change, Eastern Himalaya, High elevation, KISSMig, MaxEnt,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elie Gaget; Thomas Galewski; Fréderic Jiguet; Isabelle Le Viol
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Climate change is one of the strongest biodiversity threats. Worse still, the impact of multiple anthropic stressors on species dynamics could complicate adaptation to temperature increase. International conservation policies aim to protect ecosystems against anthropic pressures, but their ability to facilitate adaptation to climate change has yet to be assessed. Using wetland bird monitoring surveys, we evaluated the differences at the country scale of community adjustment to temperature...
Topics: Birds Directive, Citizen science, Community Temperature Index, Global warming, Wetland birds
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fengsong Pei; Changjiang Wu; Xiaoping Liu; Zhaoling Hu; Yan Xia; Li An Liu; Kun Wang; Yi Zhou; Li Xu
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Extreme climatic changes frequently have more serious impacts on nature and human society than do changes in the mean value under global climate change. However, extreme climatic events, particularly extreme precipitation, show complex variability because of the effects of natural and human impacts. Taking the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) in China as a case study, the characteristics and trends of extreme daily precipitation events from 1961 to 2012 were investigated in terms of their frequency...
Topics: Peaks-over-threshold, Trend attribution, Yangtze River Delta
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elham Alidoust; Majid Afyuni; Mohammad Ali Hajabbasi; Mohammad Reza Mosaddeghi
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Carbon (C) sequestration in soil is recognized as a possible solution for climate change mitigation. Different land uses may alter carbon sequestration in soil. In the semiarid regions of central Iran, during the last decades, land use changes from native cover to farmlands have altered the C sink role of soil to a source of CO2 emission to the atmosphere. This study was conducted to evaluate and compare changes and the potential of soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration from 1988 to 2014,...
Topic: Stepwise multiple regression
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study assesses the long-term impact of storm surges due to typhoons around the Korean Peninsula (KP) resulting from climate change. Long-term projection is conducted based on the large ensemble experiments on so-called d4PDF for the past and +4 K future climate conditions over 5000 years by a single atmospheric global climate model developed by the Meteorological Research Institute of Japan. The use of a large ensemble is to enable one to obtain probabilistic future changes in...
Topics: Storm surge, d4PDF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sustainable vineyards soil management can help to mitigate the negative effect of intensive agriculture on soil ecosystem for the achievement of the sustainable development goals. Cover crops use as cover management in vineyard could be considered as nature based solution for soil restoration and proper water management. Cover crops (CC) provide many ecosystem services through carbon sequestration and climate change regulation, water purification and soil protection. However, a holistic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jacopo Dal Corso; Guido Roghi; Paolo Mietto; Stefano Manfrin; Béla Raucsik; Tamás Budai; Hugh C. Jenkyns; Claire E. Reymond; Marcello Caggiati; Giovanni Gattolin; Anna Breda; Agostino Merico; Nereo Preto
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The Carnian Pluvial Episode was a phase of global climatic change and biotic turnover that occurred during the early Late Triassic. In marine sedimentary basins, the arrival of huge amounts of siliciclastic sediments, the establishment of anoxic conditions, and a sudden change of the carbonate factory on platforms marked the Carnian Pluvial Episode. The sedimentary changes are closely associated with abrupt biological turnover among marine and terrestrial groups as, for example, an extinction...
Topics: Carnian Pluvial Episode, Late Triassic, carbon isotopes, climate change, extinction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jasmine B.D. Jaffrés; Chris Cuff; Cecily Rasmussen; Aimee S. Hesson
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The quality and quantity of observed and reanalysed data influence the direction and accuracy of scientific research. This paper reviews the data available for the study of climate and weather patterns in Australia. A list of global reanalysis and satellite data is provided, along with a more detailed review of available in situ (weather station) data in Australia. Regularly updated climate indices are identified that have previously been linked to Australian climate and weather events....
Topics: Reanalysis, Satellites, Weather stations
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qingling Sun; Baolin Li; Yecheng Yuan; Yuhao Jiang; Tao Zhang; Xizhang Gao; Jinsong Ge; Fei Li
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Phenology models are useful tools to study phenology shifts and their responses to climate change. Multiple factors including temperature, precipitation, photoperiod, insolation, and snow can affect the phenology of alpine grasslands on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau (QTP), but most models applied on the QTP have only considered the influences of temperature or temperature and precipitation. This study presents a multi-factor-driven phenology model, the Alpine Meadow Prognostic Phenology (AMPP)...
Topics: Alpine meadow, Climatic factor, Growing Season Index, Phenology model, Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau
South Asia is the world's most poverty-dense region, where climate change and climate variability are expected to result in increased heat stress and erratic precipitation patterns that affect agricultural productivity. Considerable evidence has been generated on the effects of these stresses on crop yield, though previous research has not yet examined their influence on the economic efficiency of cereal producers. Surveying 240 farmers across eight of Pakistan's twelve agro-ecological zones,...
Topics: Climate change, Climate services, Economic efficiency, Quantile regression, Rice-wheat system,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sumali Dissanayake; Renuka Mahadevan; John Asafu-Adjaye
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This paper examines the effectiveness, efficiency, and economy-wide impacts of a carbon tax, fuel tax, and some policy mix options for Sri Lanka and Pakistan using their global commitments to reduce carbon emissions. The results indicate that the carbon tax is best for Sri Lanka to reduce emissions by 7% from 2010 levels. This policy shows the least welfare deteriorating effect with increases in real GDP by 0.2%. Although Pakistan has a distorted market of energy subsidies and taxes, the carbon...
Topics: Carbon emissions targets, Carbon tax, Computable general equilibrium, Fuel tax, Model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vladimir Otrachshenko; Olga Popova; Pavel Solomin
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This paper examines the impacts of extremely hot and cold days on mortality in Russia, using a 25-year regional panel data. Unlike other studies, the sequence of those extreme days is also taken into account, that is, the impacts of both single and consecutive (i.e. heat waves and cold spells) extreme days are estimated simultaneously. We demonstrate the importance of accounting for the sequence of extreme days. We also disentangle the impacts of those extremes by age and gender. The findings...
Topics: Climate change, Cold spells, Extreme weather, Heat waves, Mortality, Russia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lorna R. Teal; Stefano Marras; Myron A. Peck; Paolo Domenici
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Models are useful tools for predicting the impact of global change on species distribution and abundance. As ectotherms, fish are being challenged to adapt or track changes in their environment, either in time through a phenological shift or in space by a biogeographic shift. Past modelling efforts have largely been based on correlative Species Distribution Models, which use known occurrences of species across landscapes of interest to define sets of conditions under which species are likely to...
Topics: Aerobic scope, Conservation biology, Dynamic Energy Budget, Fish, Species distribution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rubí Raymundo; Senthold Asseng; Richard Robertson; Athanasios Petsakos; Gerrit Hoogenboom; Roberto Quiroz; Guy Hareau; Joost Wolf
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Potato is the most important non-grain crop in the world. Therefore, understanding the potential impacts of climate change on potato production is critical for future global food security. The SUBSTOR-Potato model was recently evaluated across a wide range of growing conditions, and improvements were made to better simulate atmospheric CO2 and high temperature responses. Comparisons of the improved model with field experiments, including elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations and high...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amanda J. Gregory; Jonathan P. Atkins
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Citizen Science attracts a lot of positive attention and a convenient alignment with it might offer multiple benefits for Community Operational Research. But what would be the basis for such an alignment? Could it offer important reciprocal benefits for Citizen Science? We address our first question by conducting a systematic comparison of Community Operational Research and Citizen Science to reveal points of commonality and difference between the two. Having established the basis for...
Topics: Citizen Science, Community Operational Research, OR in environment and climate change, Problem...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henry W.G. Birt; Samuel A.F. Bonnett
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Urban soils play an essential role in delivering ecosystem services due to soil microbial functions but there is limited evidence of the role of urban soils in the global carbon cycle. Inorganic nitrogen (N) reduces microbial respiration of soil organic matter (SOM) in pristine and managed forest soils but there is less evidence available on the extent to which this occurs in contrasting urban soils. This study examined the ephemeral effect of inorganic N and SOM (woodland versus grassland...
Topics: Extracellular enzymes, Nitrogen, Organic matter, Substrate-induced respiration, Urban soil
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ursula Eicker; Maryam Zirak; Nora Bartke; Laura Romero Rodríguez; Volker Coors
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Climate protection concepts for cities and regions are designed to establish CO2 emission baselines and develop measures for climate change mitigation. Up to now such concepts were based on aggregated consumption and emission data and only qualitative estimations of the effect of measures were possible. To better quantify the impact of mitigation measures, a large amount of data on the building stock is needed. Very powerful analysis possibilities for an energetic and economic evaluation of...
Topics: 3D city model, CityGML, Climate protection concepts, Photovoltaic analysis, Urban energy simulation
Appropriate measurement of environmental and emission abatement efficiency is crucial for assisting policy making in line with constructing a more sustainable society. The majority of traditional approaches for environmental efficiency measures take pollutant emissions as either undesirable outputs or environmentally determined inputs which suffer a limitation of not satisfying the physical laws that regulate the operation of economic and environmental process. In this study, we propose a DEA...
Topics: Electricity generation, Emission reduction, Materials balance principle, OR in environment and...
We used two types of preference elicitation methods based on multi-attribute value theory (MAVT) for a wastewater infrastructure decision in Switzerland. We aimed to register the implementation impacts of two preference elicitation philosophies (aggregation, disaggregation) in a large, real-world case and give guidance on these elicitation approaches for practitioners. We conducted two series of face-to-face interviews with the same ten. The first interview set used direct aggregation...
Topics: Behavioral OR, OR in environment and climate change, Preference elicitation, Stakeholder interview
Under the Paris Agreement, countries submitted nationally determined contributions (NDCs) including their GHG emission reduction targets and mitigation measures. Around 175 Parties have mentioned in their NDCs to reduce energy sector emissions by increasing the share of renewable energy in the energy mix. Dissemination of renewable energy requires substantial investment and low and middle-income developing countries tend to present conditional targets assuming external support, therefore...
Topics: Climate change, Developing countries, GGGI, NDCs, Renewable energy investment