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Framings of climate change adaptation are increasingly being contested with implications for how adaptation is understood and carried out. Global framings are seen as producing a universalizing, technocratic domain, and an increasing body of literature de-frames these, highlighting their inherent assumptions and biases and arguing for better situating adaptation within particular historical and power dynamics. This article takes the logical next step, proposing a reframing of climate change...
Topic: Vietnam
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Trevon L. Fuller; Paul R. Sesink Clee; Kevin Y. Njabo; Anthony Tróchez; Katy Morgan; Demetrio Bocuma Meñe; Nicola M. Anthony; Mary Katherine Gonder; Walter R. Allen; Rachid Hanna
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Although a number of recent studies suggest that climate associated shifts in agriculture are affecting social and economic systems, there have been relatively few studies of these effects in Africa. Such studies would be particularly useful in Central Africa, where the impacts of climate warming are predicted to be high but coincide with an area with low adaptive capacity. Focusing on plantain (Musa paradisiaca), we assess whether recent climate change has led to reduced yields. Analysis of...
Topics: Cameroon, Central Africa, Education, Plantain, Representative concentration pathways
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pieter A. Zuidema; Benjamin Poulter; David C. Frank
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Realistic forecasting of forest responses to climate change critically depends on key advancements in global vegetation modelling. Compared with traditional ‘big-leaf’ models that simulate forest stands, ‘next-generation’ vegetation models aim to track carbon-, light-, water-, and nutrient-limited growth of individual trees. Wood biology can play an important role in delivering the required knowledge at tissue-to-individual levels, at minute-to-century scales and for model...
Topics: Climate change, Earth system models, forests, individual-based models, vegetation modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Randall W. Parkinson; Danielle E. Ogurcak
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Some studies published over the past several decades have concluded nourishment of oceanic beaches is a viable strategy to mitigate climate change. However, these were generally too limited in scope to accurately evaluate beach nourishment because each omit one or more of the following: (1) a realistic assessment of potential borrow area sand volume, (2) native beach compatibility, (3) construction costs, (4) all vulnerable geomorphic elements of the coastal zone, and (5) environmental impacts....
Console Demos
by jumalauta
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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=76938 SuperSolFärjan by jumalauta Type: invitation Release Date: july 2018 Release Party: Solskogen Release Compo: oldskool demo Ranked: 4
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wyatt Thompson; J. Elliott Campbell; Lara M. Kueppers; Mark A. Snyder
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Climate change has the potential to affect crop prices and price volatility. However, the economic models used in prior assessments largely do not include known, automatic, stabilizing factors. Crop storage can stabilize prices and U.S. crop policy tends to provide support that moves opposite prices. We quantify effects of circa 2050 climate forcing on the inter-annual variability of U.S. Corn Belt corn and soybean yields using statistical crop models and climate scenarios from regional and...
Topics: Climate change, Crop stocks, Crop yields, Price variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sarah A. Schanz; David R. Montgomery; Brian D. Collins; Alison R. Duvall
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Strath terraces, an important tool in tectonic geomorphology, have been attributed to climatic, tectonic, volcanic, and human activity, yet the pathways connecting external forcings to the channel response leading to terrace formation are highly variable and complex. To better understand variability and controls on the pathways between forcing and terrace formation, we created a comprehensive database of 421 strath terraces from peer-reviewed literature and noted the strath age and rock type,...
Topics: Climate, River incision, Strath terraces
The Archive Team Acid Planet Eclipse
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Folkscanomy Miscellaneous
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A collection of over 200,000 Faxed-in pages sent to FAXTOY, an art project by Kevin Savetz.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Reyyan S. Okutan; Tristan Kershaw; Manuel Herrera Fernandez; David Coley
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Improving the energy efficiency of buildings is a key climate change mitigation strategy. The application of which will require substantial improvements in the pre-existing stock; a subset of which are buildings of historic importance. Retrofitting such buildings is controversial, as historic elements might be altered or covered up, thereby changing the character of the building. In this work, we introduce a novel socio-mathematical method to aid the resolution of this controversy. Firstly, we...
Topics: Conservation, Energy efficiency, Historic buildings, Pareto front, Retrofit
From the simulation results of the Energy Modeling Forum's recently completed project on US greenhouse gas emission mitigation policies, this paper estimates and examines welfare effects of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) pricing policies, fuel and technology cost changes, higher electricity demand growth, and limited nuclear generator lifetimes. Eight of the models in the study reported outputs sufficient to estimate damage from CO 2 , sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen oxides (NO X ), and methane, and...
Topics: Co-benefits, Electric power sector simulation modeling, Emission health effects, Environmental...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiannong Fang; Alexander Peringer; Mihai Sorin Stupariu; Ileana Pǎtru-Stupariu; Alexandre Buttler; Francois Golay; Fernando Porté-Agel
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Many mountainous regions with high wind energy potential are characterized by multi-scale variabilities of vegetation in both spatial and time dimensions, which strongly affect the spatial distribution of wind resource and its time evolution. To this end, we developed a coupled interdisciplinary modeling framework capable of assessing the shifts in wind energy potential following land-use driven vegetation dynamics in complex mountain terrain. It was applied to a case study area in the Romanian...
Topics: Atmospheric boundary layer, Digital elevation model, Land cover, Large-eddy simulation, Model...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With the continuous expansion of drylands in the context of global climate change, governments have implemented a series of greening policies such as afforestation, to reduce ecological degradation. However, owing to historical conditions and technical constraints, few attempts have been made to quantitatively assess the differences in carbon sequestration capacity and the associated environmental controls among major ecosystems in the arid and semi-arid areas. Based on six flux towers located...
Topics: Arid and semi-arid area, Carbon flux, Climate change, Northwest China, Water balance
The Software Preservation Library
by Software Preservation Network
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This is the third episode in a series of six webinars on Software Preservation. The Software Preservation Webinar Series provides a survey of software preservation contexts. Each episode explores a different software preservation context by providing an overview, discussion with guest speakers (specialists in digital preservation, software studies, scholarly communication, open source software and more) and open discussion with attendees. The webinar series is jointly hosted by the Digital...
Topics: Youtube, video, Education
Incoming and Unsorted Zines
by Cosima Storz
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A resource guide to using comics in the classroom.
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Topics: comics, comic, art, students, cubic, feet, square, animated, reading, eee, comic book, comic books,...
Media Fanzine Collection
by Cosima Storz
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Short guide on creating zines in class
Topics: zines, zine, cosima, storz, ideas, esther, students, culture, diy, fanzine, science fiction, cosima...
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
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UFO Mail No 255 2018
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anita Mary George; Jon Brodie; James Daniell; Angela Capper; Michelle Jonker
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Sponges play a vital role in the world's most complex and vulnerable marine ecosystems. Various in situ studies have suggested that sponge morphologies (developed from exposure to a range of biophysical factors) can be considered as ecological indicators to current detrimental environmental changes such as climate change, overfishing, pollution and dredging for coastal development. Regional and long-term taxonomic data on sponges within each geographic range is not always available, especially...
Topics: Chlorophyll a, Current, Environmental indicators, GBRMPA, Great Barrier Reef, Marine protected...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosario Mosello; Piero Bruni; Michela Rogora; Gabriele Tartari; Claudia Dresti
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Lake Bolsena, the fourth Italian lake for volume (9.2 × 10 9 m 3 ), must be considered as highly sensitive to eutrophication for its extremely long water renewal time. In this paper, temperature and chemical characteristics of the lake measured in the period 2003–2017 are used to discuss the mixing pattern and the variation in the oxygen and algal nutrient concentrations, as indicators of the trophic level. In the analysed period the lake showed oligomictic characteristics, reaching the full...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, Lake mixing, Volcanic lakes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jordi F. Pagès; Timothy M. Smith; Fiona Tomas; Neus Sanmartí; Jordi Boada; Harriet De Bari; Marta Pérez; Javier Romero; Teresa Alcoverro
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There is increasing uncertainty of how marine ecosystems will respond to rising temperatures. While studies have focused on the impacts of warming on individual species, knowledge of how species interactions are likely to respond is scant. The strength of even simple two-species interactions is influenced by several interacting mechanisms, each potentially changing with temperature. We used controlled experiments to assess how plant-herbivore interactions respond to temperature for three...
Topics: Climate change, Macroalgae, Mediterranean, Sea urchin, Seagrass, Temperature
During silicate weathering, atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is consumed and base cations are released from silicate minerals to form carbonate and bicarbonate ions, which are finally deposited as carbonate complexes. Continental silicate weathering constitutes a stable carbon sink that is an important influence on long-term climate change, as it sequesters atmospheric carbon dioxide at a million-year time scale. Traditionally, CO 2 sequestered through silicate weathering is estimated by...
Topics: Bamboo, CO 2 consumption, China, Enhanced-silicate weathering, Forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Lignocellulosic biomass derived from energy crops, a renewable energy source, must be boosted in order to mitigate climate change effects. For this reason, vegetative growth and biomass production of Eucalyptus x urograndis, under a Mediterranean climate, was studied for three years. At the second and the third planting years, 12 treatments were applied combining four irrigation levels during the dry season (0, 325, 646 and 1298 mm of water per year, plus 418 mm of average rainfall) and three...
Topics: Allometry, Biomass, Lignocellulosic crop, Plant production
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thomas Régnier; Fiona M. Gibb; Peter J. Wright
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Understanding the influence of temperature on egg development and larval condition in planktonic fish is a prerequisite to understanding the phenological impacts of climate change on marine food-webs. The lesser sandeel, Ammodytes marinus (Raitt 1934), is a key trophic link between zooplankton and many piscivorous fish, sea birds and mammals in the northeast Atlantic. Temperature-egg development relationships were determined for batches of lesser sandeel eggs. Hatching began as early as 19 days...
Topics: Ammodytes marinus, Development rate, Hatching, Incubation, Temperature
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
by Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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38 4nl
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kiowa Alraune Schulze; Gert Rosenthal; Alexander Peringer
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In the context of the rewilding Europe debate, the German national strategy on biodiversity aims to dedicate two percent of the German state area to wilderness development until 2020. Many of these potential large wilderness reserves harbor open habitats that require protection according to the Flora-Fauna-Habitat-directive of the European Union. As forests prevail in potential natural vegetation, research is required, to which extent wild large herbivores and natural disturbances may create...
Topics: Long-term vegetation dynamics, Natural mosaic landscape, Rewilding, Spatially explicit simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Growing concerns about anthropogenic climate change and its effects on the environment have encouraged significant recent developments towards decarbonizing the energy system. Developments in transportation technology, such as vehicle electrification, can result in significant CO2, particulate matter, and SOx reductions over the lifetime of a vehicle. The shipping industry alone accounted for 2.1% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 2012, however, due to energy requirements and weight...
Topics: Carbon-neutral, Emission reduction, Marine propulsion, Marine transportation, Synfuel
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
by Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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38 3nl
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Energy innovation is essential for tackling climate change. However, an established set of indicators, that can support policy makers in their design of policy mixes, has not been developed for evaluating the performance of energy innovation systems. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to list and classify a large set of indicators of the performance of energy innovation systems at sectoral and technological levels. 120 listed indicators are evaluated using four usefulness criteria,...
Topics: Energy innovation system, Indicators, Technological innovation system
Fernandez et al. (2017) carry out an examination of vulnerability assessments to climate change by allowing differing degrees of substitution among indicators. They show that results and implication change significantly under different values for the parameter of substitution within a Constant Elasticity Substitution framework. The purpose of this corrigendum is to amend errors in Table 1 when specifying the functional relationships between components of vulnerability and each indicator....
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jatish C. Biswas; M. B. Hossain; S. Ishtiaque; M. M. Haque; Wais Kabir
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Mungbean (Vigna radiate L. Wilczek) is an important pulse crop for South Asian region. Its productivity is low and usually grown under water limited environments. Generally, irrigation at around flowering stage is provided if soil moisture is limiting. Its growth and yield is highly sensitive to fluctuations in climatic conditions, especially water-logging at any growth stage. Present study aimed at developing simple mungbean growth (MungGro) model, following the principles of SUCROS2 and the...
Topics: CO2, FST, Mungbean, Temperature, Water-logging
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Gomes Marques; M. T. Ferreira; P. M. Rodríguez-González
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The gradual increase in temperature over the last few decades is one of the major consequences of global change. It is also projected that drought frequency and intensity in the Mediterranean region will increase, promoting changes in plant responses to environmental conditions and ultimately species distribution. Studying past growth trends can help understand future impacts of climate change on species-function and predict alterations in how species are distributed. This study sought to...
Topics: Narrow-leaved ash, Resilience, Resistance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Graeme T. Swindles; Marta Szal; Randy Fulweber; Angelica Feurdean
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside pollen, micro- and macro-charcoal, and testate amoeba data to elucidate the dynamics of two permafrost peatlands in the northern foothills of the Brooks Range, Alaskan Arctic. The vegetation dynamics of these two peatlands were driven by autogenic processes reflecting the development trajectory of the peatlands towards ombrotrophic status, and allogenic climate change. We observe an increase in shrub pollen and macrofossils (e.g....
Topics: Climate change, Fire, Global warming, Permafrost, Shrub expansion, Sphagnum
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexander Bisaro; Matteo Roggero; Sergio Villamayor-Tomas
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Appropriate institutions are essential for climate change adaptation. Yet diverse approaches to institutional analysis are available, encompassing different ontological and epistemological assumptions, and thus yielding insights on very different aspects of institutions in adaptation. Therefore, efforts to expand knowledge in this domain can be usefully informed by an assessment of approaches to institutional analysis in the adaptation literature, which is to date lacking. We address this gap...
Topic: Post-Normal Science
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jiuping Xu; Qian Huang; Chengwei Lv; Qing Feng; Fengjuan Wang
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Carbon emissions are posing continuing threats to climate change and becoming the important evaluation indicator for sustainable development. The amount of global carbon emission is increasing largely, with coal-fired power plants (CPP) being the major contributor. This study proposes dynamic equilibrium strategy based on biomass-coal co-firing method to reduce carbon emissions, in which bi-level programming method is employed to build a cooperative relationship between the authority and CPPs,...
Topics: Biomass-coal co-firing method, Carbon emissions reduction, Dynamic equilibrium strategy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Omid Bayat; Hamidreza Karimzadeh; Mostafa Karimian Eghbal; Alireza Karimi; Ronald Amundson
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In the high plateau region of central Iran, there is both a lack of information on calcic soil processes and aspects of Quaternary paleoclimate. Thus, the research discussed here was undertaken as a first step to assess the utility of calcic soil research in the region. The properties and isotope composition of calcic soils was studied on a complex of alluvial fans, located about 50 km SE of the city of Isfahan. At least three geomorphic surfaces have formed during an interval from the middle...
Topics: Arid region, Geomorphic surface, Paleosol, Pedogenic carbonate, Soil chronosequence, Stable isotope
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wenxiu Zou; Wenjun Ji; Bing Cheng Si; Asim Biswas
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Soil spatial variability may exhibit nonlinearity and this has been assumed in studies without proper quantification. Owing to the complexity of underlying biogeochemical processes, greenhouse gas emission, in particular, nitrous oxide (N2O) flux from soil, is highly variable over space and time. The goal of this work was to examine the nonlinearity associated with the spatial series of N2O flux from soil using the delay vector variance (DVV) method. DVV uses the predictability of a spatial...
Topics: Climate change, Data analysis, Greenhouse gas, Nonlinearity, Spatial and temporal variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The approximately 2 km thick north polar layered deposits (NPLD) are often considered to contain the most complete and detailed stratigraphic records of recent climate of Mars. Exposures of the dense layering within troughs and scarps allowed detailed reconstructions of the latest accumulation history of these water ice deposits, but we lack knowledge of their initial emplacement. The Shallow Radar (SHARAD) onboard Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) penetrates the NPLD to their base and detects...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Georges Vachaud; Fanny Quertamp; Thi San Ha Phan; Tien Dung Tran Ngoc; Thong Nguyen; Xuan Loc Luu; Anh Tuan Nguyen; Nicolas Gratiot
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With an ever-growing population of around 10 million inhabitants (officially 7.9 in 2013), Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) is set to become one of the largest cities in South East Asia and already occupies a major economic role in the area. To accommodate the increasing population, the megacity now stretches out in an urban continuum covering more than 800 square kilometers and is currently growing at a rate of 3.2% per year. If the neighboring provinces around HCMC are included, the total population...
Topics: Tropical rain, Tsunamis, Urban planning strategy, Wave set-up by tides
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by John A. Commito; Brittany R. Jones; Mitchell A. Jones; Sondra E. Winders; Serena Como
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Mussels are well-known ecosystem engineers in soft-bottom systems. Mytilus edulis beds have myriad effects on sediment, benthic organisms, and ecosystem processes such as hydrodynamic transport of sediment and animals. When mussels die, they may leave behind massive amounts of whole (empty) and fragmented shells. The legacy effects of this long-lasting biogenic material (i.e., shell hash) on benthic systems are poorly understood. We measured percent cover values of 4 bottom cover types, i.e.,...
Topics: Ecosystem engineer, Legacy effects, Mussel bed, Mytilus edulis, Shell hash, Soft-bottom
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Krishna Malakar; Trupti Mishra; Anand Patwardhan
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Multiple stresses adversely affect fish catch and livelihoods of marine fishermen. Perceptions regarding these stresses in the fishing community can vary, which can consequently determine adaptation responses. However, there are limited attempts to understand these perceptions and the factors which might be influencing them. This study, first, identifies the specific stresses impacting livelihoods of the fishing community in Maharashtra (India) through the literature and Focus Group...
Topic: Stresses
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Moritz Wegener; Anders Malmquist; Antonio Isalgué; Andrew Martin
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The growing demand for energy and the accelerating threats from climate change call for innovative and sustainable solutions to decrease dependency on fossil fuels. Biomass-based, small-scale Combined Cooling, Heating and Power (CCHP) systems are one of these solutions, because they can satisfy the energy demands of the consumer with enhanced flexibility, lower losses, less costs and less environmental pollution as compared to centralized facilities. Due to recent advances in several scientific...
Topics: Bio-solar, Biomass, Small-scale CCHP, Trigeneration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cátia Brito; Lia Tânia Dinis; Ana Barros; Ermelinda Silva; Alexandre Gonçalves; Carlos Matos; Manuel A. Rodrigues; José Moutinho-Pereira; Carlos Correia
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Olive orchards, rainfed managed, are threatened by the current and predicted adverse environmental conditions, which change the yield and quality of olive products, largely known for its benefits to human health. To mitigate these problems, it is highly recommended to perform some adjustments in agronomic practices, such as the use of foliar sprays that cloud help the trees to cope with climate change. During two consecutive years, olive trees were pre-harvest sprayed with kaolin (KL) and...
Topics: Antioxidant capacity, Frosts, Olive tree, Phytochemicals, Summer stress
Console Demos
by Vantage
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Full demo information and links at https://www.pouet.net/prod.php?which=74805 DN004 by Vantage Type: intro Release Date: february 2018 Release Party: Demonights 004 Release Compo: freestyle Ranked: 4
The net primary production (NPP) of a maize (Zea mays L.) field in Poland was estimated, in weather conditions close to those predicted for the middle of the century, given the ongoing changes in the global climate. The average temperature during the maize cropping period (May–September) was 16.9 °C and the total rainfall was 392.5 mm. In such conditions maize NPP reached exceptionally high levels – 3.29 kg m−2, on average. Such an unprecedented level of NPP was achieved as a result of...
Topic: Photosynthetic pathways
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guobin Fu; Stephen P. Charles; Francis H.S. Chiew; Marie Ekström; Nick J. Potter
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The nonhomogeneous hidden Markov model (NHMM) statistical downscaling model, 38 catchments in southeast Australia and 19 general circulation models (GCMs) were used in this study to demonstrate statistical downscaling uncertainties caused by equifinality to and transferability. That is to say, there could be multiple sets of predictors that give similar daily rainfall simulation results for both calibration and validation periods, but project different amounts (or even directions of change) of...
Topics: Equifinality, GCMs, NHMM, Predictor selections, Statistical downscaling, Transferability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Clare E. Robinson; Pei Xin; Isaac R. Santos; Matthew A. Charette; Ling Li; D. A. Barry
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Sustainable coastal resource management requires sound understanding of interactions between coastal unconfined aquifers and the ocean as these interactions influence the flux of chemicals to the coastal ocean and the availability of fresh groundwater resources. The importance of submarine groundwater discharge in delivering chemical fluxes to the coastal ocean and the critical role of the subterranean estuary (STE) in regulating these fluxes is well recognized. STEs are complex and dynamic...
Topics: Groundwater-ocean interactions, Interacting effects, Metals, Nutrients, Organic contaminants,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Soil microbial communities have the potential to modify plant performance and condition plant species responses to environmental change, but the role of soil microorganisms for plant drought responses remains unclear. We used a novel experimental approach to examine the interactive effects of drought and presence of soil microbes on biomass production and plant traits in a savanna tree species. Seedlings of Bauhinia brachycarpa were grown in sterilized or ‘live’ soil, with or without...
Topics: Phospholipid fatty acid analysis, Plant functional traits, Plant-soil (below-ground) interactions,...
Background: Extreme temperature events are known to be adversely associated with a range of health outcomes, but little is known about the effect of less extreme, but more frequent fluctuation in temperature. We examined the spatiotemporal and demographic variation in the effect of temperature variability (TV) on nationwide hospitalizations in Brazil during 2000–2015. Methods: Data on daily hospitalizations and weather variables were collected from 1814 cities, comprising 78.4% of Brazilian...
Topics: Brazil, Hospitalization, Temperature variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Johan Lilliestam; Touria Barradi; Natalia Caldés; Marta Gomez; Susanne Hanger; Jürgen Kern; Nadejda Komendantova; Mark Mehos; Wai Mun Hong; Zhifeng Wang; Anthony Patt
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Concentrating solar power (CSP) is one of the few renewable electricity technologies that can offer dispatchable electricity at large scale. Thus, it may play an important role in the future, especially to balance fluctuating sources in increasingly renewables-based power systems. Today, its costs are higher than those of PV and wind power and, as most countries do not support CSP, deployment is slow. Unless the expansion gains pace and costs decrease, the industry may stagnate or collapse, and...
Topics: Concentrating solar power, Policy design, Policy support, Solar thermal power
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Robert A. Huber; Brilé Anderson; Thomas Bernauer
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Conventional wisdom holds that voluntary pro-environmental action of citizens is desirable, but there remains much debate over how it could be promoted. We study this issue focusing on social norm interventions to increase voluntary carbon offsetting, which involves high personal costs. Specifically, we examine the causal effects of two types of social norm signals. One relates to attitudes and behaviour of other car owners (group information), the other to government policy on carbon...
Topics: Carbon offsetting, Climate change mitigation, Online framing experiment, Social norms, Voluntary...
United States withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, which follows well-known principles of common pool resource management, poses a serious challenge, but it could provide a golden opportunity to cement and advance the efficacy and legitimacy of the Agreement. The Agreement encourages subnational units to participate in a polycentric, multistakeholder governance structure. As many as two dozen states have policies that could put them in compliance. These states represents over 40% of U.S....
Topics: Climate change subnational actions, Economy of state policies, Paris agreement, Political
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Antonio GM La Viña; Joyce Melcar Tan; Teresa Ira Maris Guanzon; Mary Jean Caleda; Lawrence Ang
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Nearly a decade after the Philippines began promoting renewable energy through legislation, the country has seen gains and encountered roadblocks in its transition to low carbon. This paper examines the Philippines’ experience in attempting to escape conditions of lock-in and path dependency on fossil fuels, and attempting a governed transition to low-carbon energy sources. The Philippines is a developing country with substantial economic growth aspirations, yet it is among the most...
Topics: Climate change, Energy transition, Philippines, Trilemma
Few studies have been performed on changes to physicochemical and functional properties during caper fruit development. In this work, a comparative study on the evolution of physical, chemical, and nutritive parameters and bioactive compounds of three Spanish caper cultivars was performed for the first time. These fruits were characterized by presenting the exocarp green in all stages of development, with very slight changes, which were not produced by an increase in the synthesis of...
Topics: ABTS, DPPH, Flavonoids, Flavonols, Phenols
Better managing agricultural water resources, which are increasingly stressed by climate change and anthropogenic activities, is difficult, particularly because of variations in water uptake patterns associated with crop type and growth stage. Thus, the stable isotopes δ18O and δ2H were employed to investigate the water uptake patterns of a summer maize (Zea mays L.) and winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) rotation system in the North China Plain. Based on the soil water content, soil layers...
Topics: Crop water use, Dry root weight density, Irrigation management, Soil volumetric water content,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gabriel Năstase; Alexandru Șerban; George Dragomir; Alin Ionuț Brezeanu; Irina Bucur
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The Sun is the primary energy source for all life on Earth. Solar energy is clean and is available all over the world. The total energy produced, in 2016, was 7236 MWh, while the total consumed was 6660 MWh. The average photovoltaic energy generated was 255 MWh, which accounts for 3.5% of the total production and 8.2% of the RES (3096 MWh). Investments in renewable energy in Romania began in late 2008, when Green Certificates were granted by Law no. 220. In this paper, we review the...
Topics: Country profile, Photovoltaic energy, Policies, Romania, Sustainable development
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
by Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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38 1nl
KansasFest
by Vince Weaver
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Vince will discuss his Apple II programming adventures, which started in the 80s but only really got interesting in the past ten years or so. This includes 6502 assembly games (Tom Bombem, Talbot Fantasy 7) and graphic/Mockingboard demos (VMW Chiptune Player, 8k Mode7 Demo). He also does unlikely things with Applesoft BASIC, such as Uthernet webservers and "ports" of modern games (Portal, Kerbal Space Program). All of this work has full source code available as part of his Linux...
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
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UFO Mail No 267 2018
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
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UFO Mail No 269 2018
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
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UFO Mail No 268 2018
KansasFest
by Ken Gagne
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More than 40 years after its debut, how is it there's still so much to say about the Apple II? How do we find what's new, and how do we spin it to make it interesting? After eight years and 500+ weekly blog posts, Ken still has plenty of new material about his favorite computer. He'll reveal the secrets of his sources, blogging and distribution platforms, and audience engagement techniques in this session.
Archive Team: 500px - The 500 Easy Pieces
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The land use intervention caused a noticeable impact on carbon sequestration as an ecosystem service. To comprehensively project land use change impact on carbon sequestration, the carbon dynamics models in the ecosystem and the atmosphere were integrated, and characterization factors were calculated for different scenarios. In this study, to illustrate the proposed method, the CENTURY model was used to simulate the carbon dynamics for seven land use change scenarios under two climate change...
Topics: Carbon dynamic model, Carbon sequestration, Ecosystem service
Sulfur hexafluoride is a greenhouse gas with a long lifetime in the atmosphere and an important tracer for air mass circulation atmospheric models. The IR spectrum of this heavy species, however, features many hot bands at room temperature (at which only 30% of the molecules lie in the ground vibrational state), especially those originating from the lowest, v6 and v5=1 vibrational states. Using a cryogenic long path cell with variable optical path length and temperatures regulated between 168...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by John M. Chater; Louis S. Santiago; Donald J. Merhaut; Zhenyu Jia; Peggy A. Mauk; John E. Preece
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California faces many threats to food security, ranging from water limitations resulting from long-term drought to invasive pests and diseases. Major tree crops, such as citrus and avocado, are threatened by Citrus Greening and Fusarium Dieback, respectively, posing significant economic losses to growers and farm sustainability. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) was previously a minor tree crop in California, but has become an important specialty crop, with planted area increased by 10-fold...
Topics: Berry, Climate change, LI-COR, Water relations, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Low-carbon development has been widely regarded as a key strategy for tackling the challenges posed by climate change. Measuring low-carbon performance can provide policy makers valuable information for monitoring the progress of low-carbon development in an economy such as a city. Composite indicator, owing to its transparency and ease of communication to the public, has been touted as a useful analytical tool for measuring low-carbon performance. The construction of composite indicators often...
Topics: Aggregation, Composite indicator, Low-carbon performance, Non-compensatory, OR in environment and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper set out to review future-oriented projects to determine how the use of scenarios may affect EU forest-related policy. The work was carried out as a desktop study, utilising online search engines and databases to select appropriate future-oriented projects for analysis. The screening resulted in 36 case studies, most of which focused on scenarios for the environment, biodiversity and climate change but also covering territorial development, urban development, energy and transport....
Topics: Forest management, Forest policy, Future studies, Scenario development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Swatipriyanka Sen; S. K. Chakraborty; E. Vivekanandan; P. U. Zacharia; A. K. Jaiswar; Gyanaranjan Dash; Sangita A. Bharadiya; Jayshree K. Gohel
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The feeding habit of milk shark Rhizoprionodon acutus was investigated in 684 specimens collected along Gujarat coast (India) of north-eastern Arabian Sea from January 2013 to December 2014. The length range of females was 32–89.6 cm and males 33.5–89 cm. The shark foraged on diversified prey items which were pooled into four distinct groups i.e., teleosts, crustaceans, mollusks and annelids. Teleosts (Dietary coefficient, %QI=83.05 and index of relative importance, %IRI=78.40) were found...
Topics: Diet shift, Feeding behaviour, Ontogenetic changes, Prey preference
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guannan Cui; Xuan Wang; Chunhui Li; Yangyang Li; Shengjun Yan; Zhifeng Yang
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Under dual influences of climate change and human disturbances, it is an important measure for sustainable watershed development to conduct land use planning with considerations of water saving and pollution control. In this research, the following tasks has been accomplished: (1) identifying runoff variations due to the land use changes, (2) investigating concentration variations in total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) in overland flow of different vegetation, (3) based on the rules...
Topics: CLUE-S model, Land use planning, MIKE-SHE model, TN/TP pollution mitigation, Water use efficiency
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kelly Ortega-Cisneros; Lynne Shannon; Kevern Cochrane; Elizabeth A. Fulton; Yunne Jai Shin
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Ecological indicators used to monitor fishing effects in the context of climate change and variability need to be informative to enable effective ecosystem-based fisheries management. We evaluated the specificity of the response of ecosystem indicators to different fishing and environmental pressure levels using Ecosim and Atlantis ecosystem models for the southern Benguela ecosystem. Three fishing strategies were modelled to represent a variety of ways of targeting fishing within an ecosystem:...
Topics: Indicators, Specificity, Upwelling
Energy consumption propels economic growth but the level of CO2 emissions associated with a fossil-dominated energy structure raises concerns for the fight against climate change. To draw consensus, this study develops a translog-causality-based model in order to study causation between electricity, natural gas, petroleum, and economic growth in Egypt. In addition, the models’ results are used to estimate the substitution possibilities between various energy pairs and to subsequently test the...
Topics: Economic growth, Energy consumption, Fuel substitution, Mitigation, Technical change
Climate change and biodiversity loss are often seen as the two most serious environmental threats facing humanity. It also seems to be a common notion that concerns about these issues are embedded in the same package of environmental concern among the public. In this article, we probe the relationship between dimensions of concern about environmental challenges. In a general population survey in Norway, respondents were asked how concerned they were about several environmental issues. Factor...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental concern, Habitat loss, Landscape transformation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marta Torrellas; Laura Burgos; Laura Tey; Joan Noguerol; Victor Riau; Jordi Palatsi; Assumpció Antón; Xavier Flotats; August Bonmatí
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In intensive livestock production areas, farmers must apply manure management systems to comply with governmental regulations. Biogas plants, as a source of renewable energy, have the potential to reduce environmental impacts comparing with other manure management practices. Nevertheless, manure processing at biogas plants also incurs in non-desired gas emissions that should be considered. At present, available emission calculation methods cover partially emissions produced at a biogas plant,...
Topics: Ammonia emission, Biogas plant, Emission inventory, GHG emission, IPCC estimation, Livestock manure
Primary freshwater crabs represent a culturally and ecologically significant component of freshwater habitats globally that has a high percentage of threatened species. Invasive species (especially non-indigenous crayfish) and climate change are not only important standalone threats, but are also expected to compound existing threats (e.g., habitat loss/modification, pollution) and challenge the long-term survival of these decapod crustaceans. This study illustrates the importance of...
Topics: Alien species, Cherax, Environmental niche model, Non-indigenous species, Procambarus, Radiative...
Mid-latitude (∼30-60°) seasonally stratifying shelf-seas support a high abundance and diversity of marine predators such as marine mammals and seabirds. However, anthropogenic activities and climate change impacts are driving changes in the distributions and population dynamics of these animals, with negative consequences for ecosystem functioning. Across mid-latitude shelf-seas marine mammals and seabirds are known to forage across a number of oceanographic habitats that structure the...
Topics: Bio-physical coupling, Conservation management, Foraging ecology, Habitat selection, Marine...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rachelle S. Meyer; Brendan R. Cullen; Penny H. Whetton; Fiona A. Robertson; Richard J. Eckard
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Increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is an often-mentioned option to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. However, increasing carbon stocks in agricultural soils is difficult and the ability of soils to store carbon as the climate changes is uncertain. This is due to many interacting factors, including those that vary spatially, contributing to organic matter inputs and decomposition rates. We used two models, the Sustainable Grazing Systems whole-farm system model (SGS) and the RothC soil...
Topics: Climate change impacts, Grazing, Pasture production, RothC, Soil organic matter, Stocking,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danial Khojasteh; Davood Khojasteh; Reza Kamali; Asfaw Beyene; Gregorio Iglesias
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A growing world population and socio-economic development are at the root of an ever-increasing energy demand throughout the world. Much of this demand is met by means of fossil fuels, leading to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change – hence the need for increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the global energy mix. Marine energy is a reliable, high-density source of energy with limited environmental impacts. Iran, with its long coastline, growing population, increasing...
Topics: Caspian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Iran, Persian Gulf, Renewable energies, Wave and tidal energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jennifer M. Galloway; Michael B. Parsons; Hamed Sanei; Andrew L. Macumber; Hendrik Falck
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Climate change is profoundly affecting seasonality, biological productivity, and hydrology in high northern latitudes. In sensitive subarctic environments exploitation of mineral resources led to contamination and it is not known how cumulative effects of resource extraction and climate warming will impact ecosystems. Gold mines near Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, subarctic Canada, operated from 1938 to 2004 and released > 20,000 t of arsenic trioxide (As 2 O 3 ) to the environment...
Topics: Arsenic, Climate change, Lake sediments, Mining, Organic matter, Subarctic
The headwater region of the Yellow River (HRYR) is one of the most important water supply areas of the whole river basin, which has suffered a serious water shortage problem for recent years. A better understanding of impacts of climate and catchment changes on runoff variation will help to determine efficient measures to deal with the runoff reduction in the Yellow River. The Budyko complementary relationship between the partial elasticity of runoff (R) with respect to precipitation (P) and...
Topics: Budyko, Climate change, NDVI, Runoff, Yellow River
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. Ratna Reddy; M. Srinivasa Reddy; K. Palanisami
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Traditional water harvesting (tank) systems are integral to agricultural development and livelihoods of rural communities in India. Despite the fact that these systems provide number of services (drinking water, protective irrigation, etc.,), their importance and contribution declined during the post-independence India. Population pressure along with poor maintenance have led to their deterioration. For instance, the number tanks not in use has doubled between 2000-01 and 2010-11. The share of...
Topics: India, Irrigation, Management, Participatory, Rehabilitation, Tank
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chao Guo; Yuzhen Ma; Hongwei Meng; Caili Hu; Dandan Li; Jierui Liu; Congwen Luo; Kai Wang
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High-resolution palynological analyses of the sediment of Yamzhog Yumco Lake can potentially provide new insight into vegetation change and climate dynamics of the southern Tibetan Plateau over the past 2000 years. The chronology, presented herein, is based on 210Pb and AMS 14C dates from the macro-remains of plants. Reconstruction of vegetation types, temperature and moisture indices indicate that the vegetation was alpine meadow, under relatively wet and cool conditions, from approximately...
Topics: Climate change, Late Holocene, Little ice age, Medieval warm period, Pollen, Southern Tibetan...
Wild mushrooms contribute to a variety of ecosystem services. The expected warmer and drier conditions for the Mediterranean region as a consequence of climate change, are raising concerns about future mushroom productivity due to potential reduction of soil water availability for fungi. The aim of this study was to increase our understanding of the interaction between climate and soil moisture in relation to their impact on mushroom productivity in Mediterranean forests. Mushroom yield data...
Topics: Fungi, Global warming, Non-wood forest products, Pinus, Soil water balance, Weather
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carlos Eduardo Castilla Alvarez; Giselle Elias Couto; Vinícius Rückert Roso; Arthur Braga Thiriet; Ramon Molina Valle
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Use of lean or ultra-lean air-fuel ratios is an efficient and proven strategy to reduce fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. Previous works indicate that lean burn mixtures improves engine thermal efficiency by improving combustion quality, reducing heat transfer losses and increasing the possibility of apply higher compression ratios. However, lower fuel concentration in cylinder hinders mixture ignition, requiring greater energy to start combustion. To favor the ignition process, several...
Topics: Combustion, Emissions, Lean burn, Prechamber ignition systems, Torch-ignition