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This paper investigates the determinants of carbon emissions based on energy consumption, analyzing the data of 30 countries using nuclear energy for the period 1990–2014. Renewable energy and nuclear energy consumption are adopted as determinants, and real coal price and real GDP are used as additive variables. The panel cointegration analysis and Granger causality tests are conducted to investigating the relationship among the variables. First, the panel cointegration test results suggest...
Topics: Panel analysis, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Massimiliano Agovino; Mariaconcetta Casaccia; Mariateresa Ciommi; Maria Ferrara; Katia Marchesano
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Agriculture and climate change are characterized by a complex cause-effect relationship. The agricultural sector generates significant quantities of gas emissions that affect climate. The rise in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the increase in temperatures as well as changes in the precipitation regime have repercussions on the volume, quality and stability of the agricultural and zoo technical production, but also on the natural environment in which agriculture is...
Topics: Panel data models, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shijie Li; Chunshan Zhou; Shaojian Wang; Jincan Hu
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In addition to socioeconomic factors, urban morphology is increasingly being recognized for the potential role it might play in tackling climate change. Meanwhile, improving CO2 emission efficiency has become a significant aim in reducing CO2 emissions without sacrificing economic development. Hence, investigating the effects of urban landscape pattern on CO2 emission efficiency is of great importance. As thus, this study is designed to quantitatively estimate the associations between urban...
Topics: Panel data model, Urban landscape pattern
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nicolas Pécastaing; Jorge Dávalos; Andy Inga
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The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the Kyoto Protocol has two main objectives: Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and contributing to sustainable development (SD) in developing countries. The empirical evidence indicates that the first goal has been fulfilled; however, the literature mostly provides ex-ante evidence regarding the second goal. This paper contributes to the literature by assessing the ex-post quantitative effect that CDM projects have had on SD (employment and...
Topics: Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Climate change, Panel econometrics, Poverty, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fabiane Salles Ferro; Diogo Aparecido Lopes Silva; Francisco Antonio Rocco Lahr; Mateus Argenton; Sara González-García
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Use and production of industrialized wood based panels is increasing in Brazil and one of the outstanding products is the Oriented Strand Boards (OSB). At the same time, environmental concerns by companies and society about products and production systems are also growing, and the current study aims to assess the environmental impacts associated to the Brazilian OSB production in order to propose improvement alternatives focused on their profile's enhancement. Thus, a Life Cycle Assessment...
Topics: Brazil, Environmental profile, OSB, Panel sector, Wood based panels
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Roberto Balado-Naves; José Francisco Baños-Pino; Matías Mayor
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By considering spatial relationships, this study aims to analyse to what extent per capita CO 2 emissions are determined by renewable energy consumption, the share of the services sector in GDP, energy intensity and real per capita income. A panel data set composed of 173 countries over the 1990–2014 period is used to estimate an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) augmented by neighbouring per capita income and energy intensity. Both standard and spatial forms are estimated for seven different...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Panel data, Pollution haven hypothesis, Spatial econometrics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kangyin Dong; Gal Hochman; Yaqing Zhang; Renjin Sun; Hui Li; Hua Liao
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This study empirically investigates the nexus among carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions, economic and population growth, and renewable energy across regions. To do so, an unbalanced panel dataset of 128 countries over the period 1990–2014 is utilized. Considering the cross-sectional dependence and slope homogeneity observed in the panel, a series of econometric techniques allowing for cross-sectional dependence and slope homogeneity is employed. The results of cross-sectional dependence and...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Panel data model, Regional analysis, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Urban environments in Latin America must begin decarbonizing their activities to avoid increasing greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions rates due to their reliance on fossil fuel-based energy to support economic growth. In this context, cities in Latin America have high potential to convert sunlight into energy. Hence, the main objective of this study was to determine the potential of electricity self-sufficiency production and mitigation of GHG emissions in three medium-sized cities in Peru...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, GHG emissions, Life Cycle Assessment, Resilience, Smart cities, Solar...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Antonio Sartal; Ana I. Martinez-Senra; Virgilio Cruz-Machado
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We address the individual environmental impact of three pillars of Lean Manufacturing, Just-in-Time, Jidoka and Respect for People (RfP), from a shop-floor perspective. Moving away from the cross-industry and cross-country approach which has dominated the economic literature on emissions and climate change, we test our hypotheses at plant level with 9-year panel data (5672 observations) from two official sources. In this way, we aim to highlight the role of manufacturing plants, which are one...
Topics: CO2 emissions, Eco-friendly, Environmental performance, Lean manufacturing, Panel data study
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Li Li; Yalin Lei; Sanmang Wu; Chunyan He; Jiabin Chen; Dan Yan
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The cities' area accounts for only 2% of the world's surface area, but the cities' population accounts for 50% of the total population and produces more than 80% of the total CO 2 emissions. So the cities have a key position in solving the global challenge of climate change. In order to estimate the impacts of city size change and industrial structure change on CO 2 emissions, based on the background, the data availability of the CO 2 emissions per person, the economic scale, the size of land...
Topics: China's 50 cities, City size, Industrial structure, The panel regression model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ghada Mohammad Elrayies
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As a result of the growing global demand for energy, together with the depletion of resources and the growing emphasis on mitigating climate change and greenhouse gas emissions, an urgent need for an evolution of the renewable energy resources has emerged. On the architectural scene, we have become accustomed to seeing buildings incorporated with photovoltaics and wind turbines. Despite the great contribution of biomass as a clean energy producer, the integration of biomass into architecture is...
Topics: Biomass, Building-integrated photobioreactors, Flat-panel photobioreactor, Microalgae,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miraj Ahmed Bhuiyan; Musarrat Jabeen; Khalid Zaman; Aqeel Khan; Jamilah Ahmad; Sanil S. Hishan
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This study examined the relationships between climate change, energy resources, growth specific factors and their resulting impact on biodiversity loss in a panel of 18 selected Asian countries during the period of 2000–2014. The study employed panel fixed effect regression and panel quantile regression to assess the influence of different factors on biodiversity loss at low, medium, and high levels quantile distribution. The results show that climatic factors increase aquaculture production,...
Topics: Asian countries, Biodiversity, Climate change, Energy sources, Growth specific factors, Panel...
This paper employs panel methodological approaches to explore the link between per capita carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, per capita real gross domestic product (GDP), renewable energy consumption, and health expenditures as health indicator for a panel of 42 sub-Saharan Africa countries, spanning the period 1995–2011. Empirical results support a long-term relationship between variables. In the short-run, Granger causality reveals the presence of unidirectional causalities running from real...
Topics: Carbon dioxide emissions, Health expenditures, Panel econometrics, Renewable energy consumption,...
Photon energy has been implemented to design the sustainable building where at least 25% of its exterior curtain skin wall could be used as the acting Photovoltaics (PV) panel to trap the solar energy to transform into electricity to satisfy energy demand for a building itself without any outsource connection. Given the current rate of conventional fuel consumption, atmospheric greenhouse gas emission (GHGs) increasing rapidly where building sector along responsible for 40% GHGs emission. These...
Topics: Clean energy production, Climate change mitigation, Global environmental vulnerability, PV panel...