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The effects of climate change and urban heat islands are predicted to grow and compound in the future. In the context of urban heat becoming an increasing problem, this article explores the extent to which this is recognised in media. Our findings show that the issue of the urban heat island (UHI) effect appeared on media agendas over the period studied and that predominantly the issue of UHI was framed in four ways. The top-down mitigation frame focused on the proactive approach of local...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental policy, Framing, Media, Urban greening, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hui Huang; Nicole Kfoury; Colin M. Orians; Timothy Griffin; Selena Ahmed; Sean B. Cash; John Richard Stepp; Dayuan Xue; Chunlin Long; Albert Robbat
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Plant-climate interactions affect the edible crop composition, impacting flavor, nutrition, and overall consumer liking. In this study, principal components analysis was used to assess the macro- and micronutrient metal concentrations in pre-monsoon (spring), monsoon (summer), and post-monsoon (autumn) tea (Camelia sinensis (L.) Kuntze) from Yunnan Province, China in 2014–2016. Statistical differences were observed (p = 1.35E-24). Fe, Ca, Mg, Mn, Al, and Ba concentrations were higher in June...
Topics: Climate change, Elevation, ICP/OES, Season, Tea quality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Smail Kozarcanin; Hailiang Liu; Gorm Bruun Andresen
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Falling prices and significant technology developments currently drive an increased weather-dependent electricity production from renewables. In light of the changing climate, it is relevant to investigate to what extent climate change directly impacts future highly weather-dependent electricity systems. Here, we use three IPCC CO 2 concentration pathways for the period 2006–2100 with six high-resolution climate experiments for the European domain. Climate data are used to calculate...
Topics: climate change mitigation, dispatchable electricity, electricity demand projection, global climate...
The representation of the temporal dynamics of ecosystem services (ES) is a crucial research frontier in the field of ES modeling. In fact, most current ES models focus on static ES assessments, that need to be repeated with different inputs per time step to explore potential changes in ES. Here, we present a new approach for the dynamic modeling of multiple ES, based on the Petri Net modeling framework. The key features are: (i) multiple ES are modeled together as a single network, using a...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem services interactions, Integrated management, Social-ecological systems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dayong Zhang; Zhiwei Zhang; Shunsuke Managi
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With growing global actions toward climate changes, green finance receives large attention in recent literature. It is though conceptually unclear, with no consensus achieved on its definition among researchers. This paper provides a brief review of the recent advances in green finance research. It uses a bibliometric analysis approach to summarize the status quo and development trends of green finance. We assist establishing a solid conceptual base and guidance to future research directions.
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Climate change, Green finance
The beneficial effects of nut consumption on human health have been largely confirmed. However, these benefits are variable as a wide range of factors have main influence on the nutritional composition of nuts. This is the case of the specific cultivar considered, as different almond, pistachio and walnut cultivars produce nuts with differentiated composition. Still, there are factors beyond cultivar effect that need to be further analysed. This is the case of weather conditions during nut...
Topics: Almond, Climate change, Crop year, Nutrition, Pistachio, Walnut
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A balanced panel of 103 countries for the period 1995–2011 is introduced into a metafrontier framework to gain insight into the idiosyncratic performance of countries in two distinct groups — developed (Annex I) countries and developing (non-Annex I) countries. We measure efficiency using a generalized directional distance function model suitable for dealing with anthropogenic emissions. The measurement of efficiency and technology gaps takes into account the group-specific heterogeneity....
Topics: Efficiency, Environment and climate change, Metafrontier, Technology gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Antonio Juan Collados-Lara; Eulogio Pardo-Igúzquiza; David Pulido-Velazquez
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Snow dynamics in alpine systems play an important role in water resources management. One of the main variables that characterises the snowpack is snow cover area. In this paper, we present a novel methodology to assess the impact of climate change scenarios on snow cover area in alpine systems. The methodology calibrates and validates a distributed cellular automata (CA) model. Potential climate change scenarios can be generated to feed the CA model in order to assess the potential impact of...
Topics: Cellular automata, Climate change, Snow cover area, Spanish Sierra Nevada
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eranga K. Galappaththi; James D. Ford; Elena M. Bennett
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There is a rapidly growing body of scholarship on climate change adaptation in diverse contexts globally. Despite this, climate adaptation at the community level has not received adequate conceptual attention, and a limited number of analytical frameworks are available for assessing place-specific adaptations, particularly in a fisheries context. We use conceptual material from social-ecological systems (SES) resilience and human development resilience to build an integrated framework for...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Conceptual framework, Development, Fisheries, Place-based elements,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Human activities and climate change are two key factors influencing the variation of the total amount of available surface and groundwater, hereafter termed water resources. Quantitatively separating their impacts remains a challenge. To this end, we used time-varying Budyko-type equations and a hierarchical Bayesian model in this paper to separate their impacts in 31 provincial-level divisions of China. The time-varying Budyko-type equations treat the Budyko equation parameter w as a variable,...
Topics: Budyko equation, Climate change, Hierarchical Bayesian model, Human activities, Water resources...
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Autumn phenological variation of temperate and northern ecosystems plays a major but poorly defined role in the global carbon cycle. Constructing robust process-based autumn phenology models is key for improving current ecosystem models to accurately simulate ecosystem productivity and carbon sequestration. In this study, we developed a new process-based autumn phenology model. The model was fitted and validated using 67 leaf coloration and brown-down time series collected for 27 woody and...
Topics: Climate change, Model comparison, Plant phenology, Process-based leaf senescence model, Spatial and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The environmental attitude associated with sustainable development includes the belief that the manipulation of ecosystems has a negative effect on natural evolution. Therefore, monitoring and controlling mechanisms have been developed for urban construction activities. Accordingly, urban green building ranking systems have been established around the world. However, Iran does not have its own system, nor does it follow any existing system due to political relationship issues. Through...
Topics: Climate change, Green building, Green roof, Green wall, Monetary valuation, Ranking system
This interdisciplinary review organizes, summarizes and critically analyzes the literature regarding the nexus between climate change and the built environment, its associated impacts, and the proposed mitigation measures and challenges for their implementation. While global warming-driven changes of ecosystems could have multiple impacts on the built environment (most prominently on building energy demand and related urban energy systems), the building sector presents significant potential for...
Topics: Buildings, Climate change, Policy, Renovation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daeha Kim; Hyung Il Eum; Jagath J. Kaluarachchi; Jong Ahn Chun
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Reservoirs have played a vital role in sustaining agricultural production and human livelihood with changing environments and demands. While expanding the storage capacity of a reservoir is deemed a robust structural adaptation that improves water allocation, few studies have discussed the sensitivity of this approach to climatic stresses. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of building and upsizing reservoirs on addressing water scarcity under climate change in a simple reservoir...
Topics: Drying climate, Managing storage capacity, Performance loss, Performance sensitivity to climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Pasquali; M. F. Bruno; D. Celli; L. Damiani; M. Di Risio
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Human presence, coastal erosion, and tourism activities are increasing the attention to coastal flooding risk. To perform risk assessments, long time series of observed or hindcast wave parameters and tide levels are then necessary. In some cases, only a few years of observation are available, so that observed extreme data are not always representative and reliable. A hindcast system aimed to reconstruct long time series of total tide levels may be of great help to perform robust extreme events...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal flooding risk, Physics-based model, ROMS, Sea level hindcast, Storm surge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Duncan Ray; Michal Petr; Martin Mullett; Stephen Bathgate; Maurizio Marchi; Kate Beauchamp
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The future provision of forest goods and ecosystem services is dependent, among other factors, on climate change impacts, forest management, and response to forest policies. To assess policy implementation targets for Scotland's National Forest Estate under climate change, we simulated forest growth through the 21st century - with and without the abiotic impacts of climate change, and with and without the biotic impacts of an important fungal disease. Eight different forest management...
Topics: Abiotic impacts, Biotic impacts, Climate change, Ecosystem goods and services, Forest management...
Due to the depletion of traditional resources and the deterioration of environmental quality, Dalian has always encouraged the explorations and utilizations of renewable energy sources. The research objective of this study is to develop a multi-objective stochastic chance constrained programming (MOSCCP) model for assisting local government to design and execute rational energy exploration and management strategies. The main advantage of this model is that it effectively broadens the decision...
Topics: Climate change, Dalian, Multi-objective programming, Renewable energy structure, Stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Smart meters are a crucial infrastructural feature of a modernizing grid. Smart meters enable dynamic rate structures, a wide range of smart home technologies, energy use feedback, and greater use of distributed renewable energy. Yet, ratepayers are often unfamiliar with smart meters and their benefits, have ambivalent or negative attitudes toward them, and may outright oppose their use. Past research has identified numerous factors that influence acceptance and engagement. However, these...
Topics: Climate change, Energy conservation, Social acceptance
Some integrated assessment studies of climate change have concluded that nuclear energy has a large potential impact on carbon abatement costs. However, these studies have often modeled the cost of nuclear waste management very simply or neglected it entirely. Common difficulties with existing studies include the use of simplistic nuclear waste management cost models and implicitly minimizing costs in the distant future by using discount rates that are arguably inappropriate for...
Topics: Climate change, Integrated assessment, Nuclear energy, Nuclear waste
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Seth Wynes; Simon D. Donner; Steuart Tannason; Noni Nabors
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Lowering the growth in greenhouse gas emissions from air travel may be critical for avoiding dangerous levels of climate change, and yet some individuals perceive frequent air travel to be critical to their professional success. Using a sample of 705 travellers at the University of British Columbia, we investigated the influence of career stage, research productivity, field of expertise, and other variables on academic air travel and the associated emissions. This is the first time that...
Topics: Air travel, Climate change mitigation, Flying, Pro-environmental behaviors, Professional success,...
In 2016, the World Health Organization declared that ‘Health is one of the most effective markers of any city's successful sustainable development’ (World Health Organisation, 2016). With estimates that around 6.7 billion people will live in cities by 2050, 21 st century city planning decisions will play a critical role in achieving the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They will determine the city structure and access to health-enhancing (or health-damaging) urban...
Topics: Climate change, Global health, Health Policy, Health policy, Health status indicators, Healthy...
Climate change has become one of the most discussed topics in recent decades. Indices show climate alterations have occurred in Khartoum, Sudan, resulting in uncomfortable and challenging-to-manage indoor conditions. In this study, Khartoum's climate data from 1981 to 2015 was analyzed and compared to identify trends in temperature, precipitation, and sand-dust storm intensification. Metronome Company created Khartoum's hourly weather file from averages of basic climate parameters available for...
Topics: Climate change, Design strategies, Khartoum region climate data, Thermal comfort
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laingo M. Randrianarisoa; Anming Zhang
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We investigate the size and timing of investment in adaptation to climate change effects for ports, when efficiency of investment is uncertain and the market is competitive. We develop a two-period real options game model with two “landlord” ports, each consisting of a port authority (PA) and a downstream terminal operator company (TOC). The two PAs compete with each other at the upstream level, and the two TOCs downstream. The model assumes an accumulation of information about the...
Topics: Adaptation investment, Climate change effects, Extreme weather and natural disasters, Investment...
Clines in genetic variation along climate gradients documented for many species in temperate and boreal forests illustrate adaptation of forest tree populations to climate. Adaptation tends to involve balancing selection between high growth rates and stress resistance: a trade-off in resource allocation between stress tolerance and competitive ability that determines fundamental life history strategies. The growth-cold tolerance trade-off, in particular, has been well documented for many...
Topics: Climate change responses, Ecological genetics, Growth potential-cold hardiness trade-off, Local...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miguel Esteban; Ma Laurice Jamero; Leonard Nurse; Lilian Yamamoto; Hiroshi Takagi; Nguyen Danh Thao; Takahito Mikami; Paul Kench; Motoharu Onuki; Angelie Nellas; Richard Crichton; Ven Paolo Valenzuela; Christopher Chadwick; John Erick Avelino; Nicholson Tan; Tomoya Shibayama
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In the past two decades there have been fears that many low-lying atoll islands around the world could disappear as a consequence of climate change and sea level rise, leading to mass migration and threatening the existence of several island nations. Here we show how sea level rise does not inevitably lead to coastal areas becoming uninhabitable, and that humans have an innate and often underestimated capacity to adapt to changes in their environment. To do so we showcase three instances of...
Topics: Adaptation, Atolls, Climate change, Land subsidence, Sea level rise
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexandra Paige Fischer
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A growing body of research documents how individuals respond to local impacts of global climate change and a range of policy efforts aim to help individuals reduce their exposure and improve their livelihoods despite these stressors. Yet there is still limited understanding of how to determine whether and how adaptation is occurring. Through qualitative analysis of focus group interviews, I evaluated individual behavioral responses to local forest stressors that can arguably be linked to global...
Topics: Adaptation, Behavioral strategies, Climate change, Private forest owners, Temperate forests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Leifang Li; Renyu Cao; Kecheng Wei; Wenzhuo Wang; Lei Chen
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Climate change has caused worldwide concern due to its adverse effects on the global ecosystem, economy and society. In this study, a new integrated framework was proposed for assessing the national vulnerability to climate change by considering both the sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Then, a first assessment of the spatial-temporal change in national vulnerability from 1996 to 2008 was provided from the global perspective. Finally, 171 countries were grouped, and hotspots of climate change...
Topics: Climate change, Global scale, Influencing factor, Temporal-spatial variability, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrea Duane; Núria Aquilué; Quim Canelles; Alejandra Morán-Ordoñez; Miquel De Cáceres; Lluís Brotons
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Fire regimes are shifting or are expected to do so under global change. Current fire suppression is not able to control all wildfires, and its capability to do so might be compromised under harsher climate conditions. Alternative fire management strategies may allow to counteract predicted fire trends, but we lack quantitative tools to evaluate their potential effectiveness at the landscape scale. Here, we sought to quantify changes in fire regimes induced after the implementation of different...
Topics: Climate change, Fire management, Fire regime, Landscape fire-succession model, Novel climates,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hakna Ferro-Azcona; Alejandro Espinoza-Tenorio; Rafael Calderón-Contreras; Victoria C. Ramenzoni; Maria de las Mercedes Gómez País; Maria Azahara Mesa-Jurado
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Establishing protected areas constitutes one of the main strategies for the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems. Increasing risks associated with environmental change along with highly degraded coastal ecosystems encompass complex management challenges for the long-term sustainability of these landscapes. This article aims to explore the role of protected areas in past and ongoing community adaptation to the compounded effects of climatic and anthropogenic change. A literature review...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Global change, Marine and coastal areas, Protected areas, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the coming decades humanity will be confronted with a number of complex challenges affecting the prosperity and livelihood of billions of people around the globe. The root of these challenges lies in the downright explosion in global population over the last decades combined with a staggering increase of urbanization rates leading to an unprecedented level of demand for food, water, materials and space. Consequently, growing scarcity of essential resources are an ever increasing threat...
Topics: Climate change, Global megatrends, Renewable energy, Urban expansion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Florian Zellweger; Pieter De Frenne; Jonathan Lenoir; Duccio Rocchini; David Coomes
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Microclimates at the land–air interface affect the physiological functioning of organisms which, in turn, influences the structure, composition, and functioning of ecosystems. We review how remote sensing technologies that deliver detailed data about the structure and thermal composition of environments are improving the assessment of microclimate over space and time. Mapping landscape-level heterogeneity of microclimate advances our ability to study how organisms respond to climate...
Topics: LiDAR, climate change ecology, light detection and ranging, thermal imaging, topography, vegetation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shouliang Huo; Hanxiao Zhang; Chunzi Ma; Beidou Xi; Zhuoshi He; Xiaochuang Li; Fengchang Wu
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Climate change is likely to stimulate variations in phytoplankton composition and production in gradually eutrophicating water, with negative consequences for the water quality of many reservoirs. This study analyzed the effects of climate warming and increased nutrient loading on algae communities recorded by sedimentary pigments in the Changtan Reservoir of southeastern China from 1985 to 2015. Pigment profiles indicated that cyanobacteria, green algae, diatoms, and cryptophytes were the...
Topics: Climate change, GAMs, Phytoplankton pigment, Reservoir
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Freshwater ecosystem services are negatively affected by factors such as climate change (e.g. changes in temperature, precipitation, and sea level rise) and human interventions (e.g. agriculture practices, impoundment of dams, and land use/land cover change). Moreover, the potential synergic impacts of these factors on ecosystems are unevenly distributed, depending on geographical, climatic and socio-economic conditions. The paper aims to review the complex effects of climatic and non-climatic...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem services framework, Human activities, Risk assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xueping Bai; Xianliang Zhang; Junxia Li; Xiaoyu Duan; Yuting Jin; Zhenju Chen
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Forests are sensitive to climate change at high altitude and high latitude. Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii Rupr.) has experienced an unprecedented forest retreat northward during the last century. Whether the response of growth to climate has dissimilar patterns at different altitudes, and what the “altitudinal trends” of forest development will be in the future, remains unclear. We dendroclimatically investigated the impacts of climate change on the growth of larch forests along an...
Topics: Altitude gradient, Climate change, Dahurian larch, Radial growth, Temperature thresholds
Conditions of elevated temperature and CO 2 levels [30 °C and 970 parts-per-million (ppm), respectively] reduced the systemic titers of a potato virus Y (PVY) isolate in Nicotiana benthamiana plants, relative to standard conditions (25 °C, ~405 ppm CO 2 ). Under controlled conditions we studied how these growing environments affected the transmission of infection by aphids. Probabilities of transmission of infection by insects that fed on infected donor plants kept at either standard...
Topics: Climate-change and dispersal of plant viruses, Environment and plant virus transmission by insects,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by W. H.J. Toonen; A. Graham; A. Masson-Berghoff; J. Peeters; T. G. Winkels; B. T. Pennington; M. A. Hunter; K. D. Strutt; D. S. Barker; V. L. Emery; L. Sollars; H. Sourouzian
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New Kingdom royal cult temples in Thebes (Luxor, Egypt) are all located on the lower desert edge. Kom el-Hettân (Amenhotep III: reign 1391–1353 BCE, 18th Dynasty) is an exception, as it is located in the present Nile floodplain. Its anomalous position has puzzled Egyptologists, as has the termination of its use, which traditionally has been attributed to natural hazards such as flooding or earthquakes. Geoarchaeological analyses of the subsurface shows that Amenhotep III's temple was...
Topics: Ancient Egypt, Avulsion, Climate change, Geomorphology, Kom el-Hettân, New Kingdom, Ritual...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elisa Calliari; Andrea Staccione; Jaroslav Mysiak
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Raising interest in ‘nature-based solutions’ (NBS) has inspired attempts to organise their principles and qualities within comprehensive and internally consistent evaluation frameworks, so as to demonstrate the superior performance of ‘working with nature’. However, the proposed frameworks stop short of taking into account the changing conditions in which NBS are set to operate. Climate change, in particular, can alter ecosystems and their services, and may undermine the performance of...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem services, NBS, System analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Livia Bizikova; Patricia Larkin; Scott Mitchell; Ruth Waldick
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Resilience-based approaches to climate change have yet to be widely applied in agriculture. In this sector, indicators have been centered on the impacts of climate on production systems, crops, yields, infrastructure, financial performance, farmers’ livelihoods and food security. This paper focuses on designing an indicator set to capture the resilience of agriculture to inform decision-making frameworks and policies. The indicators’ selection and definition were driven by their relevance...
Topics: Adaptation to climate change, Agriculture, Canada, Farm management, Indicators, Ontario,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anouschka R. Hof; Andrew M. Allen
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Impacts of climate change are already evident in ecosystems worldwide. High-latitude and altitude regions are at greatest risk because the effects of climate change are greater in these regions, and species from these areas have limited ability to track their climate envelopes. The Caucasian snowcock (Tetraogallus caucasicus) and the Caucasian grouse (Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi) are both high-altitude specialists that are endemic to a restricted range in the Caucasus mountains of Europe. Little...
Topics: Birds, Climate change, Conservation, Land use, Species distribution modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With the increasing use of hailnets and decrease in light availability in the ripening period of apple fruit, insufficient light exposure often causes poor colouration viz anthocyanin synthesis on certain parts of the fruit and on certain fruit within the tree. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of improving anthocyanin synthesis, in terms of fruit colouration, the major incentive for a consumer. Therefore, the reflective ground cover Lumilys® was spread between ‘Braeburn...
Topics: Climate change, Fruit colour, Fruit quality, Hail net, Light reflection, LumilysTM, Reflective mulch
To better understand the effect of human activities on tropical oceanic climate change, existing coral-based paleoclimate data from the northern South China Sea (SCS) for several representative climate periods over the past 2000 years were synthesized and reanalyzed. The sea surface temperature (SST) during the current warm period (CWP), in which the climate has been influenced by human activities, exhibits larger change amplitude and higher oscillation frequency than during periods in which...
Topics: Anthropogenic CO 2, Coral, Human activity, Oceanic climate change, Oceanic climate variability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elisa Pellegrini; Yasutomo Hoshika; Nicolas Dusart; Lorenzo Cotrozzi; Joëlle Gérard; Cristina Nali; Marie Noëlle Vaultier; Yves Jolivet; Giacomo Lorenzini; Elena Paoletti
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Plants are frequently exposed to adverse environmental conditions such as drought and ozone (O 3 ). Under these conditions, plants can survive due to their ability to adjust their metabolism. The aim of the present study was to compare the detoxification mechanisms of three oak species showing different O 3 sensitivity and water use strategy. Two-year-old seedlings of Quercus ilex, Q. pubescens and Q. robur were grown under the combination of three levels of O 3 (1.0, 1.2 and 1.4 times the...
Topics: Climate change, Detoxification, Halliwell-Asada cycle, Oxidative damage, Phenylpropanoids, Reactive...
One-dimensional coupled ecological-hydrodynamic numerical models of lakes require extensive calibration of their chemical and biological parameters. Application of these models to future projections relies on the time invariance of the calibrated model parameters and of the adopted schematisation. This is mere speculation for real ecosystems, so that it is relevant to explore the limits of coupled models over extended periods. To date, almost all applications in literature have been calibrated...
Topics: 1D coupled ecological-hydrodynamic model, Climate change effects, Deep-water chemistry, Ecosystem...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Remote sensing, as a crucial method to obtain information on water environmental processes, has become a major source of data, particularly of water environment and water resources, which are sensitive to global climate change. The bibliometric analysis provided here shows the research characteristics and developments of remote sensing-based observations of water environmental processes under a changing climate from 2000 to 2018. Visualized knowledge mapping is introduced to investigate the...
Topics: Bibliometrics, CiteSpace, Climate change, Hydrological process, Watershed model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tanja Liesch; Andreas Wunsch
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Groundwater is an important resource for drinking water supply, and is subject to natural variation as well as climate change effects. It has been shown that long-term natural variations of groundwater levels can often be attributed to climatic oscillations. Long-term groundwater level records are rare, but of special importance for the detection of longer, decadal to multi-decadal periodicities, which are vital for predictions of future development of groundwater levels and the distinction...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic teleconnections, Long-term groundwater level time-series, Wavelet analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Karen Filbee-Dexter; Thomas Wernberg; Stein Fredriksen; Kjell Magnus Norderhaug; Morten Foldager Pedersen
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The Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing places on Earth and it is a sentinel region for understanding the range and magnitude of planetary changes, and their impacts on ecosystems. However, our understanding of arctic coastal ecosystems remains limited, and the impacts of ongoing and future climate change on them are largely unexplored. Kelp forests are the dominant habitat along many rocky Arctic coastlines, providing structure and food for economically and ecologically important...
Topics: Borealization, Climate change, Polar, Sea ice loss, Seaweed
The power sector exercises huge impacts on global warming through emitted greenhouse gases [GHGs], with Australia not an exception. Over the years, the effectiveness of policies that have emerged to curtail GHGs emissions from electricity generation seem barely investigated. To address this gap, the study identifies potential energy reduction policies and climate change scenarios for the Australian power sector by applying approaches from combined backcasting and exploratory scenario. The...
Topics: Australia, Climate change, Emission reduction policy, LEAP, OSeMOSYS, Optimisation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cheng Kuan Lin; Corwin Zigler; David C. Christiani
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Background: China and other developing countries in Asia follow similar economic growth patterns described by the flying geese (FG) model, which explains the “catching-up” process of industrialization in latecomer economies. Japan, newly industrialized economies, and China have followed this path, with similar economic development trajectories. Based on the FG model, we postulated a “flying S” hypothesis stating that if a country is located within an FG region and its energy matrix is...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Economic development, Emission, Flying geese, Greenhouse gas, Macroeconomic
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephen Brough; Bryn Hubbard; Alun Hubbard
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Although a substantial ice cover has been identified within the mid-latitudes of Mars, there is uncertainty regarding the formation, current and former volume, and dynamic evolution of these ice masses. Here, we present the first comprehensive ice volume estimate of martian glacier-like forms (GLFs) from systematic population scale mapping and volumetric analysis. The outlines of 1243 GLFs were manually delineated from 6 m per pixel Context Camera (CTX) images and the volume of each determined...
Topics: GIS, Mars, climate change, glaciation, glacier, water
Stream temperatures, which influence dynamics and distributions of the aquatic species and kinetics of biochemical reactions, are expected to be altered by the climate change. Therefore, predicting the impacts of climate change on stream temperature is helpful for integrated water resources management. In this study, our previously developed Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) equilibrium temperature model, which considers both the impacts of meteorological condition and hydrological...
Topics: Climate change impact assessment, Stream temperature modeling
Abating CO 2 emissions from the electricity sector in China has received increasing attention in the past years. Assessing the drivers behind CO 2 emissions is fundamental to identifying cost-effective policy measures to reduce emissions. Production-theoretical decomposition analysis (PDA) has been applied for such a purpose owing to its strength in quantifying the impacts of efficiency and technology related factors. As the determinants of emissions are likely to be affected by the group...
Topics: China's electricity sector, Data envelopment analysis, Metafrontier, OR in environment and climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chi Wen Chen; Chao Tzuen Cheng; Yung Ming Chen; Takashi Oguchi
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This study analyzed landslide characteristics under extreme precipitation with regard to present and future scenarios, in order to analyze the effects of climate change on landslide activities. For our study area, we selected two adjacent catchments in northern Taiwan: the Shihmen Reservoir catchment, an area with high-relief topography that is susceptible to landslides at present, and the Xindian River catchment, an area with gentle topography that is not prone to landslides at present. This...
Topics: Climate change, Dynamical downscaling, Empirical relationship, Landslide, Rainfall, Recurrence...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ali Jamshed; Irfan Ahmad Rana; Usman Maqsood Mirza; Joern Birkmann
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Vulnerability and capacity assessment of hazard-prone communities is integral to the development of efficient disaster risk reduction strategies. Both concepts are known to be inter-linked and inter-dependent in disaster risk science as well as climate change adaptation literature. However, a holistic relationship between these two concepts is rarely studied which this research aims to assess by conducting an empirical study in Pakistan in the context of rural flooding. A total of 120 samples...
Topics: Capacity assessment, Climate change adaptation, Disaster risk reduction, Flood, Livelihood, Punjab,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Edward A. Morgan; Johanna Nalau; Brendan Mackey
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The Paris Agreement commits state parties to a global adaptation goal and the inclusion of adaptation into their National Communications. This requires national level planning, monitoring and reporting and methods for effective global-scale adaptation tracking. However, unlike mitigation, where clear targets and goals have been agreed, adaptation is a process with varied and changing goals and risk context. Assessing adaptation plans and strategies can provide valuable insights into ongoing...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate change policy, National adaptation plans, Paris agreement
Climate change-related temperature increases and sea level rise have a significant impact on the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and anthroposphere. Impacts on ecosystems will mostly occur over the long term and short-term effects may consequently attract comparatively less attention from researchers and decision-makers. In this study, we investigate eight meteorological factors and eleven water quality indicators of deep-water lakes in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau in southwestern China. A...
Topics: Artificial neural network model, Climate change, Deep-water lake, Eutrophication, Non-point...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sustainable agricultural intensification (SI) is an important strategy to respond to the combined challenge of achieving food security and providing public goods and ecosystem services to society, including mitigation and adaptation of climate change. Sustainable intensification includes a wide range of measures at both the supply and demand-side of agricultural production. However, currently, it is unclear what are the most effective and priority measures. This study assesses the potential of...
Topics: Climate change mitigation strategies, Greenhouse gas emission savings, Human and livestock diet,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ammar Adham; Jan G. Wesseling; Rasha Abed; Michel Riksen; Mohamed Ouessar; Coen J. Ritsema
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Climate change is believed to have a large impact on water resources system both globally and regionally. It has become a major global issue, especially in developing countries because these are most affected by its impacts. Rainwater harvesting techniques offer an alternative source of water and represent specific adaptive strategies to cope with water scarcity within future climate change. Studying the impact of climate change on rainwater harvesting techniques, however, is difficult, because...
Topics: Climate change, GCMs, SDSM, Tunisia, Water harvesting model
Coral reef ecosystems provide many important services to society. Their importance is not only proved by their beauty but also because they provide food and livelihood for millions of people in communities around the world, especially in developing countries. This paper estimates the economic value of coral ecosystems and potential impacts of climate change and fishing activities on the loss of coral reefs in Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam. Economic valuation and bioeconomic approaches are applied to...
Topics: Bioeconomic, Climate change, Coral reefs, Economic valuation, Nha Trang Bay
With increasing evidences of climate change affecting coastal waters, there is a strong need to understand future climate conditions and assess the potential responses of delicate coastal ecosystems. Results of climate change studies based on only one GCM-RCM combination should be interpreted with caution as results are highly dependent on the assumptions of the selected combination. In this study we examined the uncertainty in the hydrological and ecological parameters of the Zero river basin...
Topics: AQUATOX, Climate change, Hydrology, Phytoplankton, SWAT, Uncertainty analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhe Zhao; Guofeng Wang; Jiancheng Chen; Jingyu Wang; Yue Zhang
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Climate change, characterized with global warming, created severe potential threat to natural ecosystems and sustainable development of human society. Effective adaptation measures to mitigate the negative effects of climate change would affect both the ecological environment and the social economy. In this paper, we built a positive mathematical programming model to assess adaptation measures, which were divided into four aspects, to tackle climate change based on the survey data obtained from...
Topics: Adaptive measures, Climate change, Hulun Buir, Positive mathematical programming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henry Barreras; Elizabeth A. Kelly; Naresh Kumar; Helena M. Solo-Gabriele
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The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between local factors (beach geomorphology and management) and regional factors (infrastructure improvements and temperature changes) against levels of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) at recreational beaches. Data were evaluated for 17 beaches located in Monroe County, Florida (Florida Keys), USA, including an assessment of sanitary infrastructure improvements using equivalent dwelling unit (EDU) connections. Results show that elevated...
Topics: Climate change, Fecal indicator bacteria, Infrastructure, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Biofuel from energy crops will play an important role in supplying carbon-neutral fuel for the transport sector. However, there are large uncertainties regarding energy crop development and the energy crop potential and distribution need to be evaluated more comprehensively and systematically. In this study, we propose an integrated approach using the AquaCrop model, a geographic information system approach, and a scenario analysis and we conduct a land availability assessment with multiple...
Topics: Climate change, Energy crop, Land use change, Spatial distribution, Sweet sorghum
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charles A. Ogunbode; Christina Demski; Stuart B. Capstick; Robert G. Sposato
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The literature suggests that extreme weather experiences have potential to increase climate change engagement by influencing the way people perceive the proximity and implications of climate change. Yet, limited attention has been directed at investigating how individual differences in the subjective interpretation of extreme weather events as indications of climate change moderate the link between extreme weather experiences and climate change attitudes. This article contends that subjective...
Topics: Attribution, Climate change, Experience, Extreme weather, Risk perception
Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been identified as emerging pollutants in the environment. However, little information is available for ARGs in natural wetlands at high altitude. In this study, we investigated 32 wetlands across the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, with the variation of wetland types, altitude, and environmental factors, to assess the determinant factor of ARGs in this area. ARGs were detected in all the wetlands, ranged from 1.80 × 105 to 1.35 × 107 copies per gram of soils....
Topics: Bacterial community, Climate change, Geographic distribution, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Arun Kumar Dwivedi; Anil Kumar; Prashant Baredar; Om Prakash
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The government of India has recently amended forest act 1927, whereby Bamboo grown in non-forest areas has been removed from the purview of restrictions on its felling and interstate transportation. The new regulation is aimed to increase the commercialization of Bamboo and help in fulfilling the government's commitment to double farmers' income by 2022. It will boost the interest of farmers and entrepreneurs in cultivation, treatment, and processing of Bamboo, which will not only generate new...
Topics: Bamboo, Carbon credits, Climate change, Income, India
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Y. Zhou; R. Webster; R. A. Viscarra Rossel; Z. Shi; S. Chen
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Much of the carbon (C) stored in the soil of the high Qinghai–Tibet Plateau could be lost as a result of global warming. To provide a baseline against which to assess the loss we have made a new map at 90-m resolution from sample data of 1148 soil profiles augmented by information on climate, vegetation, physiography and digital elevation. We used the program Cubist, which works as a form of regression tree, to predict the concentration at the nodes of the 90-m grid. The uncertainty of the...
Topics: Climate change, Digital soil mapping, Soil carbon stock, Soil organic carbon, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ivan Merino-Garcia; Jonathan Albo; Piotr Krzywda; Guido Mul; Angel Irabien
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The electrochemical reduction of CO 2 represents an attractive alternative to both, i) satisfy the increasing energy demand, and ii) to help closing the carbon cycle. However, the energy required for CO 2 activation and the subsequent required multiple number of proton-coupled electron transfer steps, makes this process very challenging. Besides, catalytic material limitations hamper the application of this technology in the short term. Consequently, in this work we synthesise, characterise and...
Topics: CO 2 electroconversion, Climate change, Cu-based hollow fibre electrodes, Electrochemistry
A techno-economic paradigm embraces a whole constellation of technically and economically interrelated innovations and influences most industries and an entire phase of economic development. Its full potential to drive and shape economic growth can only be realized after far-reaching reforms have been made in the “socio-institutional frameworks” of major economies and the world economy. In close association with ICT, biotechnology – or the trio of biotechnologies: red (biomedicine), green...
Topics: Biotechnology, Climate change, Socio-institutional framework, Techno-economic paradigm, World...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Five peat sequences were studied to identify the time the little auk Alle alle colonies originated in the Hornsund area (Spitsbergen). Elemental and stable isotope analysis of nitrogen and carbon was applied as markers for bird activity. The peat sequences were dated with 210 Pb and radiocarbon methods. The results showed that peat development related to seabird activity is significantly older (at least 300 years old) in localities closer to the fjord's mouth (west) than those located deeper in...
Topics: 15 N, Climate change, Little auk, Radiometric dating, Stable isotopes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Annual surface air temperatures across the eastern United States (US) have increased by more than 1 °C within the last century, with the recent decades marked by an unprecedented warming trend. Tree-rings have long been used as a proxy for climate reconstruction, but few truly temperature-sensitive trees have been documented for the eastern US, much less the Appalachian Mountains in the Southeast. Here, we measure blue intensity (BI) and ring width (RWI) in red spruce growing at the...
Topics: Appalachian mountains, Climate change, Dendroclimatology, Maximum temperature, North Carolina, Red...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pablo Rodríguez-Lozano; Robert A. Leidy; Stephanie M. Carlson
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Intermittent streams account for approximately one half of the global river network, and are especially common in arid and semi-arid regions. These systems are inhabited by several fish species that are adapted to their natural flow intermittency. While many fish species rely on permanent pools or perennial reaches to survive during the dry season, our knowledge regarding fish survival strategies in dry reaches is incomplete. Our observations revealed that ammocoetes (i.e. lamprey larvae) of a...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Hyporheic refuge hypothesis, Lamprey, Refuge, Temporary river
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jie Liu; Tiantian Hu; Liang Fang; Xiaoying Peng; Fulai Liu
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The objective of this study was to investigate the response of leaf gas exchange of tomato plant to progressive drought stress under ambient (a[CO 2 ], 400 ppm) and elevated (e[CO 2 ], 800 ppm) atmospheric CO 2 concentration. The fraction of transpirable soil water (FTSW) was used to evaluate soil water status in the pots. The results showed that stomatal conductance (g s ) and transpiration rate (T r ) were significantly lower while the net photosynthetic rate (A n ) was significantly higher...
Topics: Abscisic acid, Climate change, Drought stress, Gas exchange
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The effects of CO 2 -related acidification on two crustacean populations, the isopod Cyathura carinata and the amphipod Elasmopus rapax, were studied. Three pH levels were tested: artificial seawater without CO 2 injection and two levels of reduced pH. Even though RNA:DNA ratio was reduced for both species, no statistical significant differences were found between the control and the treatments. Both species experienced a reduction in survivorship, longevity and the body length of surviving...
Topics: Amphipod, Carbon capture and storage (CSS), Climate change, Isopod, Lifespan, RNA:DNA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Otto; Sandra Caeiro; Paula Nicolau; Antje Disterheft; António Teixeira; Sara Becker; Alexander Bollmann; Kirsten Sander
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Climate change can be regarded as one of the key topics of sustainable development where public awareness and education are crucial. In the field of education, Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) have raised remarkable attention throughout the last decade as their initial objective is to provide massive open online education for everyone. This article aims to explore the impact of MOOCs on learning about climate change. This is necessary in order to evaluate whether MOOCs can make a substantial...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy, Distance learning, Massive online open courses (MOOCs),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change coupled with the current trend in rapid urbanization is increasing the risk of flooding that can cause loss of life and damage to property. Adapting to climate change impacts and flood mitigation has become a life critical factor as well as a severe challenge. Green infrastructure and low impact development methods are common approaches that are increasingly used to address stormwater management in developed environments. The analysis and results of this study show that AMC/IC...
Topics: Antecedent moisture conditions, Climate change, Continuous simulation, Urban flooding
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alessandra Cepparulo; Giuseppe Eusepi; Luisa Giuriato
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Climate policy-making and decarbonization require instruments to create and manage economic expectations. There is increasing concern that the existing panoply of domestic (emission trading schemes, regulation, taxes) and external instruments (climate change treaties) be insufficient to anchor expectations to decarbonization and isolate abatement policies from risk to be reneged or insufficiently implemented. The paper argues that constitutional provisions could represent the help policymakers...
Topics: Climate change, Constitution, Decarbonization, Environmental performance, European Union
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bikramaditya K. Choudhary; Arun Kumar Tripathi; Jeetesh Rai
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Cities, especially in the poor countries, are competing with one another to generate higher growth. Such competition makes everything including the environment subservient to ‘technology’. As a consequence, they are faced with extreme weather events and are therefore important in the context of responding to climate change. They are increasingly being recognised as having unique climate risks and specific vulnerabilities due to higher concentration of people and activities. Adaptation seems...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Response, Urban authorities, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Josef Urban; Alexey V. Rubtsov; Anastasiya V. Urban; Alexander V. Shashkin; Vera E. Benkova
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Russian boreal forests represent the largest forested region on Earth and comprise one-fifth of the world's forest cover. The two most common genera in Siberia are Larix and Pinus, which together cover more than 80% of the region's forested area. One observable ongoing effect of climate warming is that natural populations of Siberian larch are gradually being replaced by Scots pine. The present work focuses on comparing effects of environmental variables on sap flow density in two even-aged...
Topics: Boreal forest, Climate change, Penman-Monteith, Sap flow, Scots pine, Siberian larch, Stomatal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Enyan Zhu; Jingsong Deng; Mengmeng Zhou; Muye Gan; Ke Wang; Amir Reza Shahtahmassebi
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Land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) is a crucial factor affecting carbon emissions. Zhejiang Province has witnessed unprecedented LUCC concomitant with rapid urbanization from 1970 to 2010. In this study, remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) method were combined to quantify changes in both vegetation carbon storage and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage resulting from LUCC during 1970–1990 and 1990–2010. For both...
Topics: Global climate change, LUCC, SOC, Vegetation carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianxiong Huang; Yuanquan Chen; Jian Pan; Wuren Liu; Guangli Yang; Xiaoping Xiao; Hongbing Zheng; Wenguang Tang; Haiming Tang; Li Jun Zhou
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Increase of concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in atmosphere have garnered lots of attention due to the associated risk of global warming. Carbon footprint (CF) is a measure that is extensively used to assess the contribution of an individual, event, organization, or product to global climate change. In the current study, the CF of five agricultural systems with different crop systems in different regions in China was evaluated in terms of CO 2 eq per hectare, per kg crop yield, and per...
Topics: Climate change, Complex crop system, Functional units, Greenhouse gases, Multiple analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Despite the heightened urgency of curbing carbon emissions around the world, the healthcare sector in general, and the pharmaceutical sector in particular have received very little attention from the sustainability community in terms of their contribution to the global carbon footprint. In this paper, we conduct an analysis of the overall contributions and the historical emissions trends of the pharmaceutical sector, as well as an industry-specific comparative analysis of the major...
Topics: Climate change, Emission intensity, Emissions reduction, Greenhouse gas emissions, Paris agreement,...
This paper presents a systematic literature review on carbon-constrained operations models. First, carbon constraints are defined and categorized into three genres: policy-driven, market-driven, and nature-driven. Second, business strategies for fulfilling carbon constraints are summarized and classified into three main groups: internal emissions abatement, collaborative emissions abatement, and carbon compensation. Subsequently, ten specific types of carbon-constrained operations models are...
Topics: Business strategies, Carbon constraints, Literature review, OR in environment and climate change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by G. M. Cárdenes-Sandí; C. R. Shadik; A. Correa-Metrio; W. D. Gosling; R. Cheddadi; M. B. Bush
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The Last Interglacial (c. 128,000 to 115,000 years ago) was the last time when global temperatures may have been higher than those of the Holocene, but little is known about vegetation change or paleoclimate during that period in Central America. A new fossil pollen record from the lowland setting of El Valle, Panama, spanned the period from 137,000 to 98,000 years ago. We used multivariate analysis of modern and fossil pollen samples to provide the first regional quantification of Last...
Topics: Central America, Climate change, Fossil charcoal, Fossil pollen, Interglacial, Microrefugia,...
Desert oases exist around the alluvial fans of inland river basins in arid areas, where the vegetation growth is wholly dependent on groundwater due to scanty rainfall and arid environment. Climate change and water resources exploitation may threaten the groundwater-dependent ecosystems (GDEs) in the arid areas; a case study was proposed to evaluate the vegetative growth state with the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), hydrometeorological data, and the exploitation of water...
Topics: Alluvial fan, Arid area, Climate change, Desert oasis, Desert vegetation, Groundwater-dependent...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mónica Espinosa Valderrama; Ángela Inés Cadena Monroy; Eduardo Behrentz Valencia
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CO 2eq emission scenarios for the Colombian transport sector were estimated for 2010–2050. We used a marginal abatement cost approach to assess an emission mitigation pathway. For this purpose, we constructed a carbon emission accounting model linking travel demand to vehicle stock, fuel consumption, and emissions for the Colombian transport sector. Actions related to energy efficiency, fuel switching, new engine technologies and modal change were considered. The analyzed measures have the...
Topics: Climate change, Co-benefits, Developing economies, Freight transport, Urban mobility
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Richard P. Kipling; Helen E. Taft; David R. Chadwick; David Styles; Jon Moorby
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Livestock agriculture is a significant global emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG) and the sector is under pressure to reduce its environmental footprint. Dairy, sheep and beef production are major contributors to emissions. Here, a study of the barriers to implementing GHG mitigation measures on sheep, beef and dairy farms in Wales provides insights into challenges for these sectors globally. Data were gathered from 18 stakeholder organisations and farmers using semi-structured interviews and...
Topics: Behavioural change, Climate change, Greenhouse gas mitigation, Livestock agriculture, Stakeholders
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaomeng Song; Jianyun Zhang; Xianju Zou; Chunhua Zhang; Amir AghaKouchak; Fanzhe Kong
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In this study, we use several methods including the minimum cross entropy, wavelet transform coherence method, and the Mann-Kendall test to study the changes in the frequency of precipitation extremes and their contributions to total precipitation at different extreme percentile thresholds (90th percentile, 95th percentile, and 99th percentile) in the Beijing metropolitan area. Overall, the spatial distribution of the extreme precipitation thresholds is consistent with that of total...
Topics: Beijing area, Climate change, Extreme precipitation, Urban effect, Wavelet transform coherence...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hojatollah Kakaei; Fariborz Omidi; Roohollah Ghasemi; Maryam Ramin Sabet; Farideh Golbabaei
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The WBGT index is a common method to evaluate heat stress in the workplaces based on human physiological responses to environmental conditions. This systematic and meta-analysis study was aimed to estimate the mean value of the WBGT index in industries. The search protocol of this study was carried out according to PRISMA checklist. According to the heterogeneity of studies, a meta-analysis was done using a random effects model. The total value of WBGT index in the world according to this study...
Topics: Climate change, Indoor and outdoor heat stress, Meta-analysis and systematic review, WBGT Index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Valeria Cardelli; Mauro De Feudis; Giuseppe Corti; Flavio Fornasier; Luisa Massaccesi; Stefania Cocco; Alberto Agnelli; David C. Weindorf
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This study evaluated soil properties along a small transect in the Apennines chain (central Italy). Using latitude and altitude as surrogates for temperature differences, three locations at different latitudes were selected for the study. At each location, two altitudes were selected (800 and 1000 m). The study was conducted by contrasting chemical and biochemical parameters [microbial biomass-C content, amount of CO 2 evolved during basal respiration (ΣCO 2 –C), and potential enzyme...
Topics: Climate change, Enzyme activity, Forest soils, Organic horizons, Soil organic matter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohammed Sanusi Shiru; Shamsuddin Shahid; Eun Sung Chung; Noraliani Alias
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The objective of this study was to assess the changes in the severity and return periods of meteorological droughts during major cropping seasons of Nigeria for the period 1901–2010 in order to understand the impacts of climate variation on seasonal droughts. Gauge-based gridded global precipitation climatology center (GPCC) rainfall and climate research unit (CRU) potential evapotranspiration (PET) data having a spatial resolution of 0.5° were used for the reconstruction of droughts using...
Topics: Climate change, Modified Mann-Kendall trend, Seasonal droughts, Standardized precipitation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zachary J. Suriano; David A. Robinson; Daniel J. Leathers
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In the Great Lakes basin of North America, snow plays a critical role in the regional hydroclimate, where snow ablation events can serve both as a resource and a hazard. The frequency and magnitude of an ablation event is governed by the availability of meteorological conditions to ablate snow, and the physical presence of snow to be ablated. While the meteorological conditions leading to ablation have been well documented, examining changes in atmospheric conditions alone have been unable to...
Topics: Ablation, Climate change, Great Lakes, Lake superior, Snow, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nicholas Roxburgh; Dabo Guan; Kong Joo Shin; William Rand; Shunsuke Managi; Robin Lovelace; Jing Meng
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When extreme weather events occur, people often turn to social media platforms to share information, opinions and experiences. One of the topics commonly discussed is the role climate change may or may not have played in influencing an event. Here, we examine Twitter posts that mentioned climate change in the context of three high-magnitude extreme weather events – Hurricane Irene, Hurricane Sandy and Snowstorm Jonas – in order to assess how the framing of the topic and the attention paid...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme weather, Public perception, Social media, Twitter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the arid Hexi Corridor of northwest China, vegetation cover plays a pivotal role in sustaining the unique terrestrial ecosystem. In this paper, vegetation changes during growth season from April to October were investigated through examining the trends in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) across the Hexi region. Based on the GMMIS NDVI 3g.v1 dataset, NDVI trend and its dependency on elevation and land cover were analyzed for the period 1982–2015 according to multiple...
Topics: Climate change, Elevation, Land cover, NDVI trend, Precipitation, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by John J. MacInnis; Igor Lehnherr; Derek C.G. Muir; Roberto Quinlan; Amila O. De Silva
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Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are synthetic environmentally-persistent pollutants that are amenable to long-range transport and accumulation in remote Arctic ecosystems. In this study, historical inventories of twenty-three PFASs (i.e. C 4 -C 14 , C 16 perfluoroalkane carboxylic acids (PFCAs); C 4 , C 6 -C 8 , C 10 perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids (PFSAs); perfluoro-4-ethyl-cyclohexane sulfonic acid (PFECHS); dodecafluoro-3H-4,8-dioxanonanoic acid (ADONA); 8-chloro-perfluoro-1-octane sulfonic...
Topics: Climate change, Emissions, Flux, Glacier melt, Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), Temporal trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maidul I. Choudhury; Pablo Urrutia-Cordero; Huan Zhang; Mattias K. Ekvall; Leonardo Rafael Medeiros; Lars Anders Hansson
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Charophytes play a critical role for the functioning of shallow lake ecosystems. Although growth of charophytes can be limited by many factors, such as temperature, nutrients and light availability, our understanding about concomitant effects of climate warming and other large-scale environmental perturbations, e.g. increases in humic matter content (‘brownification’) is still limited. Here we conducted an outdoor mesocosm experiment during 71 days with a common charophyte species, Chara...
Topics: Chara vulgaris, Climate change, Freshwater, Growth rate, Humic substances, Mesocosm, Morphology,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lucas Vimpere; Pascal Kindler; Sébastien Castelltort
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Since its first use in the late 80's, the term chevron has been employed in numerous studies to describe large U- and V-shaped ridges found in or near shorelines worldwide. Most studies have so far focused on Bahamian chevrons that are exclusively of Late Pleistocene age, and on the supposed Holocene chevrons found in S-Madagascar and Australia. In the Bahamas, these deposits have been interpreted as the product of extreme storms at the end of the last interglacial (LIG) warm period. In...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal risk, Dune, Eolianite, Storm wave, Tsunami
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chong Jiang; Junguo Liu; Haiyan Zhang; Zhidong Zhang; Dewang Wang
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Soil erosion is a widespread environmental problem, which threatens the environmental sustainability. The northwest arid region (NAR) in China is known as one of the most severe soil loss in the world that suffering from wind erosion. Based on the Revised Wind Erosion Equation (RWEQ), the spatio-temporal change of wind erosion was identified, and the underlying drivers and influencing factors of soil erosion process were investigated. In addition, the implications of constraint effects in soil...
Topics: Climate change, Constraint effect, Ecological restoration, Soil loss, Wind erosion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhifu Mi; Vincent Viguié; Neil Fromer; Yutao Wang
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Cities, the core of the global climate change mitigation and strategic low-carbon development, are shelters to more than half of the world population and responsible for three quarters of global energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG). This special volume (SV) provides a platform that promotes multi- and inter- disciplinary analyses and discussions on the climate change mitigation for cities. All papers are divided into four themes, including GHG emission inventory and accounting, climate...
Topics: City, Climate change, Emission inventory, Mitigation, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ina Pohle; Rachel Helliwell; Caroline Aube; Sheila Gibbs; Michael Spencer; Luigi Spezia
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Salmonid species are highly sensitive to river water temperature. Although long-term river temperature monitoring is essential for assessing drivers of change in ecological systems, these data are rarely available from statutory monitoring. We utilized a 105-year citizen science data set of river water temperature from the River Spey, North-East Scotland, gathered during the fishing season (April–October) between 1912 and 2016. As there were gaps in the records we applied generalised additive...
Topics: Climate change, Long-term trends, River Spey, River temperature, Salmonids, Snow melt