Skip to main content
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Josef Urban; Alexey V. Rubtsov; Anastasiya V. Urban; Alexander V. Shashkin; Vera E. Benkova
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

Russian boreal forests represent the largest forested region on Earth and comprise one-fifth of the world's forest cover. The two most common genera in Siberia are Larix and Pinus, which together cover more than 80% of the region's forested area. One observable ongoing effect of climate warming is that natural populations of Siberian larch are gradually being replaced by Scots pine. The present work focuses on comparing effects of environmental variables on sap flow density in two even-aged...
Topics: Boreal forest, Climate change, Penman-Monteith, Sap flow, Scots pine, Siberian larch, Stomatal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hyunwoo Kang; Venkataramana Sridhar; Bradford F. Mills; W. Cully Hession; Jactone A. Ogejo
texts

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

The impacts of climate change on green water drought and associated economic activity can be simulated with future climate projections, hydrologic models that predict drought indices based on reliable soil moisture, and historic relationships between drought indices and agricultural sector impacts. This study compares the potential impacts of climate change on future agricultural drought and economic conditions in a rural and an urban congressional district in Northern Virginia (VA). The...
Topics: Agricultural production, Climate change, Drought, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Malaria is a major public health concern and an economic burden around the world. Currently, malaria has been declared as endemic in 91 countries. Every year more than 200 million cases of malaria are reported and more than US$2 billion has been invested in malaria control. Recent climate change caused by global warming has affected the pattern of malaria outbreak and expanded the endemic regions. In this study, we develop a malaria transmission model associated with climate-dependent...
Topics: Climate change, Control measures, Epidemic dynamics, Plasmodium vivax malaria
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ariane Albers; Pierre Collet; Daphné Lorne; Anthony Benoist; Arnaud Hélias
texts

eye 70

favorite 0

comment 0

Bioenergy systems are promoted in an effort to mitigate climate change, and policies are defined accordingly to be implemented in the coming decades. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used to assess the environmental performance of bioenergy systems, yet subject to the limitations of static approaches. In classical LCA, no temporal differentiation is undertaken: all inventoried instant to long-term greenhouse gases emissions (GHG) are aggregated and characterised in the same way, over a fixed time...
Topics: Biogenic carbon, Climate change mitigation, Partial-equilibrium model, Time-dynamic LCA, Transport...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Chi Wen Chen; Chao Tzuen Cheng; Yung Ming Chen; Takashi Oguchi
texts

eye 70

favorite 0

comment 0

This study analyzed landslide characteristics under extreme precipitation with regard to present and future scenarios, in order to analyze the effects of climate change on landslide activities. For our study area, we selected two adjacent catchments in northern Taiwan: the Shihmen Reservoir catchment, an area with high-relief topography that is susceptible to landslides at present, and the Xindian River catchment, an area with gentle topography that is not prone to landslides at present. This...
Topics: Climate change, Dynamical downscaling, Empirical relationship, Landslide, Rainfall, Recurrence...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Fábio S. Zanuzzo; Jason A. Bailey; Amber F. Garber; Anthony K. Gamperl
texts

eye 50

favorite 0

comment 0

Given climate change projections, the limited ability of fish reared in sea-cages to behaviourally thermoregulate, and that thermal tolerance may be heritable, studies that examine family-related differences in upper thermal tolerance are quite relevant to the aquaculture industry. Thus, we investigated the upper thermal tolerance of 15 Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) families by challenging them with acute (2 °C h −1 ) and incremental (1 °C every 4 days) temperature increases (CT max and IT...
Topics: Climate change, Family-based selection, Fish, Global warming, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Raul P. Lejano
texts

eye 49

favorite 1

comment 0

While the goals of sustainability and resilience look to the health and function of the system, a new criterion, relationality, focuses relationship and the degree of connectedness, social and otherwise, among persons (and even nonhuman others). It is founded upon an ethic of care that posits that no one is left alone, and that society must place a primary focus on the most vulnerable. This is particularly relevant when considering how cities are beginning to deal with increasingly frequent and...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme weather, Relationality, Sustainability
Resilience of new and existing buildings to climate change is a key research issue. Climate change-related phenomena can considerably affect buildings mechanical and thermal-energy response by contributing to materials degradation and structural safety. Such an impact is even further exacerbated in historical constructions, more vulnerable to such events due to their ancient structure if compared to recent designs. The purpose of this paper is to propose an innovative, integrated,...
Topics: Climate change, Construction material degradation, Continuous monitoring, Historic buildings, Risk...
Interactions between dissolved trace elements and organic ligands in seawater play an important role in ocean biogeochemistry, ranging from regulating primary production in surface waters to element cycling on basin-wide scale, with strong feedbacks to climate variability. In this study, we review different aspects in the field of marine trace elements and their organic ligands: recent instrumental innovation, factors that affect the fate of trace element complexes at the molecular level,...
Topics: Impact of climate change, Organometallics, Parameterization of numeric simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 44

favorite 0

comment 0

A growing amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated worldwide, and common materials (paper, plastic, metals, and glass), which account for more than half of MSW, exhibit low recovery rates. In this paper, we aim to investigate some key questions about recycling across three dimensions: greenhouse gas emissions, operational costs, and aggregate costs (social costs of emissions plus operational costs.) First, we build supply chain models for cradle-to-grave and cradle-to-cradle supply...
Topics: Life-cycle analysis, OR in environment and climate change, Recycling rebates, Socially optimal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Daniel Sánchez-García; Carlos Rubio-Bellido; Juan Jesús Martín del Río; Alexis Pérez-Fargallo
texts

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems represent one of the highest energy consumptions for office buildings. They are traditionally based on fixed setpoint temperatures during working hours and disregard outdoor conditions. The use of natural ventilation coupled with HVAC systems is frequently proposed when considering the global tendency towards reducing energy consumption in buildings. Buildings working under mixed mode instead of full air-conditioned mode, are a climate...
Topics: Adaptive comfort, Climate change, Energy consumption, Energy demand, Natural ventilation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Fiona Greer; Josh Chittick; Erick Jackson; Jeremy Mack; Mitchel Shortlidge; Emily Grubert
texts

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Buildings contribute to climate change and other environmental harms, largely through resource use. Reducing demand for resources like energy and water has become a major goal of sustainable building. Green building rating systems like Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)present normative pathways to sustainability by rewarding certain types of activity deemed “sustainable.” One challenge is that rewards are often delinked from environmental outcomes. We demonstrate this...
Topics: Climate change, Green buildings, LEED, Water-energy nexus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Dennis Wesselbaum; Amelia Aburn
texts

eye 60

favorite 0

comment 0

This paper adds to the literature on the determinants of international migration. First, we offer a joint analysis of the driving forces of migration capturing year-to-year variations and long-run effects. Second, we analyze the dynamic response of migration to shocks to its determinants. We start by presenting a theoretical model that allows us to model migration as an augmented gravity equation. We then construct a rich panel data set with 16 destination and 198 origin countries between 1980...
Topics: Climate change, Determinants, Dynamic effects
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

As reported in previous studies, global warming has caused a clear uptick in dryland areas since the 1950s. Meanwhile, the accelerated expansion of drylands has become particularly evident over the past 40 years, with dry/wet patterns showing significant differences prior to and after 1980. This paper uses the Precipitation/Potential evaporation (P/PET)index to analyze changes occurring in the dry/wet structure of various spatial and temporal scales during 1948–2008. The results show the...
Topics: Climate change, Dryland areas, P/PET
Earth's climate experienced a major warming during the last interglacial period (Eemian, MIS 5e, LIG 128 to 114 ky). The rapid climate change altered ecosystems causing a geographical redistribution of flora and fauna. Due to the scarcity of archaeological sites representing this period, the effect of these events on the behavior of Neanderthal hunter-gatherers in Western Europe has been poorly understood. New evidence from a wellpreserved archaeological layer (XV) at Baume (cave) Moula-Guercy...
Topics: Behavior, Cannibalism, Climate change, Ecosystems, Last interglacial, MIS 5e, Neanderthals
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Qi Feng; Chengqi Xia; Wenping Yuan; Li Chen; Yafeng Wang; Shixiong Cao
texts

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Land degradation results from the interactions among multiple climate and human factors. Solving the problem requires a holistic strategy that deals with all significant factors simultaneously. However, it is difficult to solve such problems because few researchers have studied the simultaneous effects of these interactions, making it difficult to develop a truly holistic strategy. To help land managers find such a strategy, we have proposed and tested a new approach for ecological restoration...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological restoration, Land degradation, Sustainable development, Vegetation cover
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Zhe Zhao; Guofeng Wang; Jiancheng Chen; Jingyu Wang; Yue Zhang
texts

eye 71

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change, characterized with global warming, created severe potential threat to natural ecosystems and sustainable development of human society. Effective adaptation measures to mitigate the negative effects of climate change would affect both the ecological environment and the social economy. In this paper, we built a positive mathematical programming model to assess adaptation measures, which were divided into four aspects, to tackle climate change based on the survey data obtained from...
Topics: Adaptive measures, Climate change, Hulun Buir, Positive mathematical programming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Chun Guo; Jixuan Liao; Xin Zheng; Zhenhua Zhang; Xiaofeng Chen; Kun Yang; Mingnian Wang
texts

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of a Chinese highway tunnel in the life cycle. Life cycle assessment (LCA) method is adopted in the paper. Based on rock mass classification and pavement categories, five different functional units have been proposed for the first time. The system boundaries, processes and assumptions are defined. The study results indicate: 1) the GHG emissions of a double-track four-lane Chinese highway tunnel in 100 years can be up to...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Highway tunnel, Life cycle assessment, Rock mass grade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Antoine Beylot; Dominique Guyonnet; Stéphanie Muller; Stéphane Vaxelaire; Jacques Villeneuve
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

In France, significant investments regarding renewable energy power plants will be required in future years in order to attain targets set by French and European regulations. This study aims i) at quantifying the requirements for steel, aluminium, copper (among the most impactful metal productions with respect to climate change in the world) and concrete resulting from the projected energy transition in France by 2050 (with a focus on the power sector) and ii) at estimating the climate change...
Topics: Climate change, Energy transition, Possibility, Raw materials, Uncertainty
This article deals with environmentally-oriented crowdfunding projects. Drawing on agency-theory, it analyses the implementation of such projects, after they have been successfully financed via-crowdfunding. More specifically, this article firstly investigates whether environmental ventures implement the measures they have advertised during the crowdfunding campaign. Secondly, it examines in how far environmentally-oriented ventures disclose the environmental benefits that have been created...
Topics: Agency theory, Climate change, Crowdfunding, Disclosure, Implementation, Sustainability
Educational attainment is generally a strong predictor of belief in climate change, but prior research indicates that for political conservatives a college education is not always associated with increased belief. Conservatives in several countries, especially those in populist parties, have shown skepticism toward climate-mitigation policies and in some cases toward climate science. The study contributes to theories of environmental belief by examining two mechanisms for the low effect of the...
Topics: Climate change, College, Conservatives, Core curriculum, Education
Energy systems are currently designed focusing only on minimizing their cost or, at most, including limits on greenhouse gas emissions. Unfortunately, electricity technologies performing well in global warming potential might not necessarily behave equally well across other sustainability criteria. Hence, policies focused solely on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions could potentially resolve one problem (i.e., climate change)by creating another, thereby leading to burden-shifting. Here, the...
Topics: Climate change, Elasticity, Energy systems modeling, Life cycle assessment, STIRPAT
This study evaluated the performance of three climate change mitigation management scenarios; business as usual (BAU), low intensity management (LIM) and high intensity management (HIM) to provide ecosystem services. ETCAP simulation model was used to forecast forest development for Pozantı area with 17,603 ha forests in Turkey. Wood production, biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration and water provision were the primary ecosystem services. The species composition, natural composition,...
Topics: Biodiversity, Carbon, Climate change, Forest management, Simulation, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Elisa Pellegrini; Yasutomo Hoshika; Nicolas Dusart; Lorenzo Cotrozzi; Joëlle Gérard; Cristina Nali; Marie Noëlle Vaultier; Yves Jolivet; Giacomo Lorenzini; Elena Paoletti
texts

eye 74

favorite 0

comment 0

Plants are frequently exposed to adverse environmental conditions such as drought and ozone (O 3 ). Under these conditions, plants can survive due to their ability to adjust their metabolism. The aim of the present study was to compare the detoxification mechanisms of three oak species showing different O 3 sensitivity and water use strategy. Two-year-old seedlings of Quercus ilex, Q. pubescens and Q. robur were grown under the combination of three levels of O 3 (1.0, 1.2 and 1.4 times the...
Topics: Climate change, Detoxification, Halliwell-Asada cycle, Oxidative damage, Phenylpropanoids, Reactive...
Due to the depletion of traditional resources and the deterioration of environmental quality, Dalian has always encouraged the explorations and utilizations of renewable energy sources. The research objective of this study is to develop a multi-objective stochastic chance constrained programming (MOSCCP) model for assisting local government to design and execute rational energy exploration and management strategies. The main advantage of this model is that it effectively broadens the decision...
Topics: Climate change, Dalian, Multi-objective programming, Renewable energy structure, Stochastic...
Governmental policies that can develop advantageous endogenous livelihood transition are of great importance for anti-poverty. However, the existing research finds that in the Tibetan Plateau, there is a certain contradiction between the poverty alleviation policies and the local farmers’ needs, and thus the effect of these policies will be weakened and the goal of poverty alleviation be missed. It is therefore imperative to identify and analyze the factors influencing the livelihood choice...
Topics: Climate change, Livelihood asset, Livelihood choice, Poverty reduction, The YNL river region
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 56

favorite 0

comment 0

Policy-makers are interested in knowing the relative importance and combined effects of land use and climate change on ecosystem services. However, knowledge of how to identify these relationships is still lacking. This study aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of water-related ecosystem services and to improve understanding of how they are impacted by land use and climate change in Kentucky, USA. By using InVEST models and environmental setting scenarios, this study first quantifies...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem service, Kentucky, Land use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Anshu Rastogi; Marcin Stróżecki; Hazem M. Kalaji; Dominika Łuców; Mariusz Lamentowicz; Radosław Juszczak
texts

eye 60

favorite 0

comment 0

Global warming is an important issue which is leading to considerable changes in biomes. Environmental biologists are continuously assessing how global warming is going to impact the current population. Peatlands are one of the most important component of the terrestrial ecosystems which makes only 3% of them but contain around 40% of soil organic carbon. The composition of peatland vegetation impacts a range of ecosystem functions, therefore, with a change in composition, the behavior and...
Topics: Chlorophyll fluorescence, Climate change, OJIP curve, Peatland, Photosynthesis, Vegetation indices
Plant functional traits are widely applied in models that simulate the effects of climate change on biodiversity and resource management. Here the aim is to examine the potential role of specific plant functional traits and their whole-plant syndromes (Plant Functional Types or PFTs as specific ‘modal’ trait assemblages) as indicators of vegetation response to climate change, past, present and future. Because plant functional characteristics have evolved through time, it is widely argued...
Topics: Bioclimate, Biomization, Climate change models, Gradsects, Green stem photosynthesis, Leaf...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Lori Marino
texts

eye 69

favorite 0

comment 0

The idea of colonizing Mars as an opportunity to sustain the human species is a popular one currently. However, it is based on false premises and ignores the abundant evidence demonstrating that our species is not capable of living on any planet sustainably. Human psychology, and the problems associated with our species’ biases and cognitive limitations, will follow us to any planet and replicate the same issues we face on earth.
Topics: Climate change, Colonization, Mars, Mass extinction, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Jianling Fan; Brian G. McConkey; B. Chang Liang; Denis A. Angers; H. Henry Janzen; Roland Kröbel; Darrel D. Cerkowniak; Ward N. Smith
texts

eye 49

favorite 0

comment 0

Soil organic carbon (SOC) in agricultural lands is vital for global food production and greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation. Accurate quantification of the change in SOC stocks at regional or national scales, which depends heavily on reliable spatiotemporal carbon (C) input data, remains a big challenge. Here we use the process-based RothC model to estimate change in SOC stocks across Canada for 1971 to 2015, based on calculated annual C flows between cropland and livestock sectors. Total C input...
Topics: Carbon balance, Carbon input, Climate change mitigation, High root crops
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 45

favorite 0

comment 0

Sustainable agricultural intensification (SI) is an important strategy to respond to the combined challenge of achieving food security and providing public goods and ecosystem services to society, including mitigation and adaptation of climate change. Sustainable intensification includes a wide range of measures at both the supply and demand-side of agricultural production. However, currently, it is unclear what are the most effective and priority measures. This study assesses the potential of...
Topics: Climate change mitigation strategies, Greenhouse gas emission savings, Human and livestock diet,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Zhongkui Luo; De Li Liu; Annette Cowie; Ryan Farquharson; Aaron Simmons; Debbie Crawford; Ross Searle; Andrew Moore
texts

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

Soil organic carbon (SOC) in agricultural soils is vital for soil fertility for sustainable agricultural production and climate change resilience. Process-based farming system models are widely used to predict SOC dynamics in agricultural soils, but their application at regional scales is largely limited by computational requirements, data availability, and uncertainties in model predictions. Here we present an approach of combining a farming system model and a simplified surrogate model that...
Topics: Agricultural soil, Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Cropping system, Uncertainty, Upscaling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Charles A. Ogunbode; Christina Demski; Stuart B. Capstick; Robert G. Sposato
texts

eye 66

favorite 0

comment 0

The literature suggests that extreme weather experiences have potential to increase climate change engagement by influencing the way people perceive the proximity and implications of climate change. Yet, limited attention has been directed at investigating how individual differences in the subjective interpretation of extreme weather events as indications of climate change moderate the link between extreme weather experiences and climate change attitudes. This article contends that subjective...
Topics: Attribution, Climate change, Experience, Extreme weather, Risk perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Wouter Poortinga; Lorraine Whitmarsh; Linda Steg; Gisela Böhm; Stephen Fisher
texts

eye 168

favorite 0

comment 0

There is now an extensive literature on the question of how individual-level factors affect climate change perceptions, showing that socio-political variables, notably values, worldviews and political orientation, are key factors alongside demographic variables. Yet little is known about cross-national differences in these effects, as most studies have been conducted in a single or small number of countries and cross-study comparisons are difficult due to different conceptualisations of key...
Topics: Climate change, Cross-national analysis, European social survey, Perceptions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Evgenios Agathokleous; Edward J. Calabrese
texts

eye 38

favorite 0

comment 0

Considerable evidence has emerged that low-dose challenges induce adaptive responses that protect organisms from preceding or succeeding toxic effects, endogenous aging activities or exogenous challenges/threats via conditioning processes. These principles indicate that pre-post conditioning processes can affect the theoretical foundations and practice of agricultural planning and programs, creating the potential to optimize outcomes/performance, leading to more favourable cost-benefit...
Topics: Adaptive response, Climate change, Dose-response relationship, Food supply, Hormesis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 95

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change and urbanization are currently leading to a warming of the subsurface worldwide with yet unforeseen consequences for groundwater quality. The temperature-sensitivity of chemical and biological processes suggests that small temperature changes driven by current warming should have a detectable effect on the ecology of aquifers and the composition of groundwater itself, but field observations covering temperatures that are environmentally relevant are sparse. The analysis of a...
Topics: Climate change, Geochemistry, Groundwater, Groundwater ecology, Soil biogeochemistry, Water quality
With the increasing use of hailnets and decrease in light availability in the ripening period of apple fruit, insufficient light exposure often causes poor colouration viz anthocyanin synthesis on certain parts of the fruit and on certain fruit within the tree. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of improving anthocyanin synthesis, in terms of fruit colouration, the major incentive for a consumer. Therefore, the reflective ground cover Lumilys® was spread between ‘Braeburn...
Topics: Climate change, Fruit colour, Fruit quality, Hail net, Light reflection, LumilysTM, Reflective mulch
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Saúl F. Domínguez-Guerrero; Martha M. Muñoz; David de Jesús Pasten-Téllez; Diego Miguel Arenas-Moreno; Luis Alberto Rodríguez-Miranda; Norma L. Manríquez-Morán; Fausto Roberto Méndez-de la Cruz
texts

eye 62

favorite 0

comment 0

Although the importance of thermoregulation and plasticity as compensatory mechanisms for climate change has long been recognized, they have largely been studied independently. Thus, we know comparatively little about how they interact to shape physiological variation in natural populations. Here, we test the hypothesis that behavioral thermoregulation and thermal acclimatization interact to shape physiological phenotypes in a natural population of the diurnal lizard, Sceloporus torquatus....
Topics: Behavioral thermoregulation, Climate change, Critical temperatures, CtmaxCritical thermal maximum,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Walter Hein; Clevo Wilson; Boon Lee; Darshana Rajapaksa; Hans de Moel; Shunsuke Managi
texts

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

The level of public response to extreme catastrophes is considerably greater than concern over climate change. This research compares the public's responses to extreme disasters and climate change when governments intervene to mitigate long-term climate change impacts. To do so we examine the property market behaviour in response to beach erosion and cyclone damage in Queensland, Australia. The results show that the impact on the property market of the public's response to the negative impact...
Topics: Beach erosion, Climate change, Cyclone, Hedonic analysis, Natural disaster
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Catherine Devitt; Finbarr Brereton; Simon Mooney; David Conway; Eoin O'Neill
texts

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

Keeping within the temperature limits set by the Paris Agreement on climate action will be a significant challenge. Nuclear power generation may contribute to achieving these targets, however, there are significant environmental, economic and health risks attached. Using qualitative and quantitative methods, this paper explores how nuclear power generation is framed in the Irish print media, and discusses the implications of these frames for how nuclear power is perceived within the context of...
Topics: Climate change, Media framing, Nuclear power generation, Public debate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 G. M. Cárdenes-Sandí; C. R. Shadik; A. Correa-Metrio; W. D. Gosling; R. Cheddadi; M. B. Bush
texts

eye 64

favorite 1

comment 0

The Last Interglacial (c. 128,000 to 115,000 years ago) was the last time when global temperatures may have been higher than those of the Holocene, but little is known about vegetation change or paleoclimate during that period in Central America. A new fossil pollen record from the lowland setting of El Valle, Panama, spanned the period from 137,000 to 98,000 years ago. We used multivariate analysis of modern and fossil pollen samples to provide the first regional quantification of Last...
Topics: Central America, Climate change, Fossil charcoal, Fossil pollen, Interglacial, Microrefugia,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Guoqing Zhang; Tandong Yao; Wenfeng Chen; Guoxiong Zheng; C. K. Shum; Kun Yang; Shilong Piao; Yongwei Sheng; Shuang Yi; Junli Li; Catherine M. O'Reilly; Shuhua Qi; Samuel S.P. Shen; Hongbo Zhang; Yuanyuan Jia
texts

eye 60

favorite 0

comment 0

Lakes are sensitive indicators of anthropogenic climate change and also respond to direct human activities. Yet, long-term lake inventories and quantitative evaluation of the factors driving observed lake changes across China remain elusive. Here, for the first time, we examined multi-decadal lake area changes in China during 1960s–2015, using historical topographic maps and >3831 Landsat satellite images, including lakes as fine as ≥1 km 2 in size. In addition, we quantified the causes...
Topics: China's lakes, Climate change, Human activity, Lake area change, Landsat satellite image
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Kathleen Vaillancourt; Olivier Bahn; Annie Levasseur
texts

eye 44

favorite 0

comment 0

The Canadian province of Quebec has set for 2030 a greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction target of 37.5% below 1990 levels. Meeting such a reduction target requires in particular a rapid transition to a low-carbon energy system. This paper proposes prospective energy scenarios for Quebec up to 2030, under different GHG emission reduction constraints (up to a 40% reduction). The main objective is to explore the role of bioenergy in achieving the reduction targets. Our analysis is based on the...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, GHG emission reduction targets, Low-carbon energy system, Prospective...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Andrey Lessa Derci Augustynczik; Thomas Asbeck; Marco Basile; Jürgen Bauhus; Ilse Storch; Grzegorz Mikusiński; Rasoul Yousefpour; Marc Hanewinkel
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

The loss of biodiversity in temperate forests due to combined effect of climate change and forest management poses a major threat to the functioning of these ecosystems in the future. Climate change is expected to modify ecological processes and amplify disturbances, compromising the provisioning of multiple ecosystem services. Here we investigate the impacts of climate change and forest management on the abundance of tree microhabitats and forest birds as biodiversity proxies, using an...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, Conservation planning, Forest birds, Forest management, Tree...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Cassandra R. O'Lenick; Andrew J. Monaghan; Peter J. Crank; David J. Sailor
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Urban growth and climate change will exacerbate extreme heat events and air pollution, posing considerable health challenges to urban populations. Although epidemiological studies have shown associations between health outcomes and exposures to ambient air pollution and extreme heat, the degree to which indoor exposures and social and behavioral factors may confound or modify these observed effects remains underexplored. To address this knowledge gap, we explore the linkages between...
Topics: Air pollution, Climate change, Extreme heat, Health risks, Indoor exposure, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Sara Casagrande Bacchiocchi; Stefan Zerbe; Lohengrin A. Cavieres; Camilla Wellstein
texts

eye 35

favorite 0

comment 0

In the Southern Alps, climate warming induced the use of artificial snow since two decades. In this area, two different ski piste management practices prevail: (1) large and medium ski resorts (M), which guarantee a ski season of four to five months using artificial snow, whereas (2) in the small, local ski resorts (S) it usually lasts two or three months. Our research addresses two main questions: 1) what is the impact of the ski pistes on the physico-chemical properties of the snow, on the...
Topics: Artificial snow, Climate change, Plant functional groups, Ski slopes, Snow cover, Technical snow
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Bin Wang; Edward D. Deveson; Cathy Waters; Allan Spessa; Douglas Lawton; Puyu Feng; De Li Liu
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate is a major limiting factor for insect distributions and it is expected that a changing climate will likely alter spatial patterns of pest outbreaks. The Australian plague locust (APL) Chortoicetes terminifera, is the most economically important locust species in Australia. Invasions cause large scale economic damage to agricultural crops and pastures. Understanding the regional-scale and long-term dynamics is a prerequisite to develop effective control and preventive management...
Topics: Australian plague locust, Climate change, GCMs, Outbreak area, Outbreak probability, Seasonal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Xueping Bai; Xianliang Zhang; Junxia Li; Xiaoyu Duan; Yuting Jin; Zhenju Chen
texts

eye 32

favorite 0

comment 0

Forests are sensitive to climate change at high altitude and high latitude. Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii Rupr.) has experienced an unprecedented forest retreat northward during the last century. Whether the response of growth to climate has dissimilar patterns at different altitudes, and what the “altitudinal trends” of forest development will be in the future, remains unclear. We dendroclimatically investigated the impacts of climate change on the growth of larch forests along an...
Topics: Altitude gradient, Climate change, Dahurian larch, Radial growth, Temperature thresholds
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Min Luo; Xianwei Feng; Philippe De Maeyer; Amaury Frankl
texts

eye 52

favorite 0

comment 0

Water resources have an important role in maintaining ecological fuctions and sustaining social and economic development. This is especially true in arid and semi-arid areas, where climate change has a large impact on water resources, such as in Xinjiang, China. Using a combination of precipitation and temperature bias correction methods, we analyzed projected changes in different hydrological components in nine high-alpine catchments distributed in Xinjiang using the Soil and Water Assessment...
Topics: Catchment, Climate change, RCP, SWAT, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Alexandre Buttler; Géraldine Mercier; Juan Quezada; Luca Bragazza; Konstantin Gavazov
texts

eye 48

favorite 1

comment 0

Severe constraints on grasslands productivity, ecosystem functions, goods and services are expected to result from projected warming and drought scenarios under climate change. Negative effects on vegetation can be mediated via soil fertility and water holding capacity, though specific mechanisms are fairly complex to generalise. In field drought experiments, it can be difficult to disentangle a drought effect per se from potential confounding effects related to vegetation or soil type, both...
Topics: Climate change, Fertility, Microbial activity, Microbial biomass, Organic matter, Rain shelter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Lucia Rotaris; Romeo Danielis
texts

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

A carbon tax aimed specifically at the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions produced by non-ETS sectors (and in particular, from transportation) has been proposed by policy makers on several occasions but has not yet been implemented in Italy. This paper aims to test the acceptability of such a measure and to quantify its amount by estimating Italian citizens’ willingness to pay (WTP) via two contingent valuation surveys involving a sample of 603 people. We find that the median WTP...
Topics: Carbon tax, Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Social cost, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Tianni Wang; Zhuohua Qu; Daniel Bowden; Zaili Yang; Timothy Nichol; Delia Dimitriu; Geoff Clarke
texts

eye 82

favorite 0

comment 0

This paper aims to analyse the impacts of climate change to the current and predicted future situations of road transportation in the UK and evaluate the corresponding adaptation plans to cope with them. A conceptual framework of long-term adaptation planning for climate change in road systems is proposed to ensure the resilience and sustainability of road transport systems under various climate risks such as flooding and increased temperature. To do so, an advanced Fuzzy Bayesian Reasoning...
Topics: Adaptation measure, Bayesian networks, Climate change, Evidential reasoning, Risk analysis, Road...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 N. Coulombel; V. Boutueil; L. Liu; V. Viguié
texts

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

This paper investigates how and to what extent changes in user behavior may mitigate the environmental benefits of urban ridesharing, a phenomenon commonly referred to as “rebound effect”. Ridesharing reduces both the individual cost of car travel (through cost splitting) and road travel times (by decreasing congestion). This may trigger a number of behavioral changes among transportation users, including: making less detours to avoid congestion (route choice effect), switching from public...
Topics: Climate change, Rebound effect, Ridesharing, Users
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Michael Knapp; Jessica E. Thomas; James Haile; Stefan Prost; Simon Y.W. Ho; Nicolas Dussex; Sophia Cameron-Christie; Olga Kardailsky; Michael Bunce; M. Thomas P. Gilbert; R. Paul Scofield
texts

eye 64

favorite 1

comment 0

Prior to human arrival in the 13th century, two large birds of prey were the top predators in New Zealand. In the absence of non-volant mammals, the extinct Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus moorei), the largest eagle in the world, and the extinct Eyles' harrier (Circus teauteensis) the largest harrier in the world, had filled ecological niches that are on other landmasses occupied by animals such as large cats or canines. The evolutionary and biogeographic history of these island giants has long been...
Topics: Ancient DNA, Climate change, Extinction, Island gigantism, New Zealand megafauna, Trans-Tasman...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Yue Zhang; Lizhen Zhang; Ning Yang; Neil Huth; Enli Wang; Wopke van der Werf; Qi Wang; Dongsheng Zhang; Ruonan Wang; Hui Gao; Niels P.R. Anten
texts

eye 67

favorite 0

comment 0

Year to year variability in weather poses serious risks to crop production in the environmentally fragile agro-ecosystems of cool semi-arid areas, and future climate changes might further aggravate those risks. This study aims to quantify the contribution of altered sowing time windows to reduce climate risk for the production of oats (Avena sativa), a crop that is well adapted to short growing seasons and low rainfall. The APSIM-Oats model was calibrated and validated for phenology,...
Topics: APSIM-Oats, Climate change, Cumulative probability, Optimal sowing time window, Water limited...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hanxue Liang; Jian Guo Huang; Qianqian Ma; Jingye Li; Zhou Wang; Xiali Guo; Huoxing Zhu; Shaowei Jiang; Peng Zhou; Biyun Yu; Dawei Luo
texts

eye 261

favorite 0

comment 0

It is critical to investigate the effects of competition and climate on forest growth as they are main forces affecting forest dynamics. However, in subtropics of China such a study has never been conducted. Here we conducted a pioneer study to evaluate the effects of competition and climate on growth of Chinese red pine (Pinus massoniana) in mixed forests of subtropical China along a broad latitudinal gradient (23°N∼32°N). Twenty-three plots (20m × 20m) were randomly selected from 11...
Topics: Climate change, Dendroecology, Distant-independent competition index, Pinus massoniana, Subtropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 M. K. Rowshon; N. S. Dlamini; M. A. Mojid; M. N.M. Adib; M. S.M. Amin; S. H. Lai
texts

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate projection at local scale is one of the crucial challenges that affects the development of water management-related mitigation plans. Moreover, the currently available climate models do not directly simulate some of the hydro-climatic parameters (e.g., effective rainfall, reference evapotranspiration, irrigation requirements), which are of interest in irrigation sector. Modeling crop-water demands under changing climate involves several step-by-step approaches that are tedious and...
Topics: Climate change, Climate-smart DSS, Global climate models, Irrigation water demand, Rice cultivation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 31

favorite 0

comment 0

In order to describe the means, variability and trends of the aerosol radiative effects on the southwest Atlantic coast of Europe, 11 years of aerosol light scattering (σ sp ) and 4 years of aerosol light absorption (σ ap ) are analyzed. A 2006–2016 trend analysis of σ sp for D < 10 μm indicates statistically significant trends for March, May–June and September–November, with a decreasing trend ranging from −1.5 to −2.8 Mm −1 /year. In the 2009–2016 period, the decreasing...
Topics: Aerosol optical properties, Aerosol radiative effects, Atmosphere, Climate change, Trend analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Daniele Codato; Salvatore Eugenio Pappalardo; Alberto Diantini; Francesco Ferrarese; Federico Gianoli; Massimo De Marchi
texts

eye 95

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change currently represents the tip of the iceberg of the human footprint on the Biosphere, showing social and environmental impacts both on local and global scales. McGlade and Ekins (2015) argued that to keep the temperature from increasing by 2 °C, more than 80% of coal, 50% of gas and 30% of oil reserves must remain “unburnable” underground. Within such a global scenario, the Amazon Biome presently plays a crucial role both as a carbon sink and as a fossil fuel reserve....
Topics: Amazon, Biodiversity, Climate change, Conservation, GIS, Hydrocarbon projects, Indigenous people,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 40

favorite 0

comment 0

Smart meters are a crucial infrastructural feature of a modernizing grid. Smart meters enable dynamic rate structures, a wide range of smart home technologies, energy use feedback, and greater use of distributed renewable energy. Yet, ratepayers are often unfamiliar with smart meters and their benefits, have ambivalent or negative attitudes toward them, and may outright oppose their use. Past research has identified numerous factors that influence acceptance and engagement. However, these...
Topics: Climate change, Energy conservation, Social acceptance
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Mirella B. Costa; Eduardo C. Macedo; Eduardo Siegle
texts

eye 49

favorite 0

comment 0

The location and stability of low-lying carbonated reef islands are closely related to wave refraction over reef platforms, which create low energy wave convergence zones favorable for sediment deposition. Although there is great concern about the stability of reef islands in future decades, few studies have attempted to assess the effects of sea-level rise on wave refraction patterns and the migration of wave convergence zones, which may promote changes in island positions. To investigate the...
Topics: Climate change, Reef island migration, Rocas Atoll, South Atlantic Ocean
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 A. Jghab; M. Vargas-Yañez; A. Reul; M. C. Garcia-Martínez; M. Hidalgo; F. Moya; M. Bernal; M. Ben Omar; S. Benchoucha; A. Lamtai
texts

eye 74

favorite 0

comment 0

The study of environmental variables and their influence on the small pelagic fish stocks of the Alboran Sea (Western Mediterranean) is asymmetrical, with studies focused on the southern coast being scarce compared with those looking at the northern margin. In this work, time series of sardine landings from the Moroccan coast of the Alboran Sea from 1981 to 2016 were analyzed together with environmental variables such as Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Sea Surface Salinity (SSS), Surface...
Topics: Alboran Sea, Climate change, Environmental factors, Sardine
Agricultural professionals play an important role in informing and educating farmers about biofuel through teaching or extension work. One of the questions commonly asked is if they are knowledgeable and possess positive attitude towards renewable energy sources. The aim of this article is to investigate Agricultural professionals' attitude and willingness towards biofuel using a random sample of professionals (n = 180) in a survey conducted in Zanjan province in Iran. Structural equation...
Topics: Agriculture extension, Biofuel, Climate change, Perception, Renewable energy, Rural development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Juan C. Pérez; Albano González; Juan P. Díaz; Francisco J. Expósito; Jonatan Felipe
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

It is widely accepted by the scientific community that in the coming decades the Earth's climate will undergo significant changes, which will affect the ecosystems and the population in various ways. In this work, climate change impacts on solar photovoltaic (PV) resources were evaluated in the Canary Islands, an orographically complex archipelago located in the sub-tropical Atlantic Ocean, using high resolution dynamical downscaling techniques. To alleviate the high computational cost of high...
Topics: Climate change, Energy projections, The Canary islands, photovoltaic power
Historical data are often used as benchmarks or reference points for assessing regional changes in ecosystem structure and function. For that purpose, we provide historical (1991–1992)data concerning the spatial and temporal consistency of vertical structuring of a diverse assemblage of larval fishes in inner continental shelf waters adjacent to Sydney, Australia. Daytime vertically stratified sampling at seven depths (0–65 m)across four stations and five sampling seasons yielded 35,772...
Topics: Biological oceanography, Climate change hot-spot, Ecosystem structure, Environmental benchmark,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Margarita Pérez-Jiménez; M. Carmen Piñero; Francisco M. del Amor
texts

eye 79

favorite 0

comment 0

The atmospheric CO2 concentration and the frequency and severity of heat waves are increasing, and the nitrogen - key to plant development - supplied to crops leaches easily, polluting ground water. In this experiment, these three elements were combined, in order to unravel the physiological mechanisms involved in the plant response to this future scenario. Sweet pepper seedlings were exposed to distinct nitrate inputs (nutrient solutions containing 12 mM, 5 mM and 0 mM of N) and plant...
Topics: Capsicum annuum L., Climate change, Heat shock, Nitrogen, Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria, WUE
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 56

favorite 0

comment 0

The slowdown in global warming since 1998, often termed the global warming hiatus. Reconciling the “hiatus” is a main focus in the 2013 climate change conference. Accurately characterizing the spatiotemporal trends in surface air temperature (SAT) is helps to better understand the “hiatus” during the period. This article presents a satellite-based regional warming simulation to diagnose the “hiatus” for 2001–2015 in China. Results show that the rapid warming is mainly in western...
Topics: Anthropogenic forcing, Climate change, Global warming hiatus, MODIS, Natural variability, Remote...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Peng Zhang; Ye Qiao; Matthias Schineider; Jianbo Chang; Raphael Mutzner; Javier Fluixá-Sanmartín; Zhi Yang; Xiaojuan Chen; Lu Cai; Jianzhong Lu
texts

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change and hydropower operations affect hydrological regimes at regional basin scales and impact hydrodynamics and habitat conditions for biota at the river reach scale. The present study proposes a hierarchical modeling framework for predicting and analyzing the impacts of climate change and hydropower on fish habitats. The approach couples multi-scale climate, hydrological, water temperature, hydrodynamic and habitat suitability models and was applied to a reach of the Jinsha River....
Topics: Climate change, Fish spawning, Habitat suitability, Hydropower operation, Scenario prediction,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 176

favorite 0

comment 0

Purpose: This paper reviews the past and future trends of climate change in Malaysia, the major contributors of greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change to Malaysia. It also reviews the mitigation and adaptations undertaken, and future strategies to manage the impacts of regional climate change. Methodology: The review encompasses historical climate data comprising mean daily temperature, precipitation, mean sea level and occurrences of extreme weather events. Future climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Impacts, Malaysia, Mitigation, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 36

favorite 0

comment 0

In recent decades, climate change and human activities have severely affected grasslands in Central Asia. Grassland regulation and sustainability in this region require an accurate assessment of the effects of these two factors on grasslands. Based on the abrupt change analysis, linear regression analysis and net primary productivity (NPP), the spatiotemporal patterns of grassland ecosystems in Central Asia during 1982–2015 were studied. Further, the potential NPP (NPP P ) was estimated using...
Topics: Arid and semiarid grassland ecosystems, Change-year detection, Climate change, Human activities, NPP
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 David Aubin; Cécile Riche; Vincent Vande Water; Isabelle La Jeunesse
texts

eye 49

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change exacerbates climate variability, and makes water governance more complex. The French local water management plans (SAGE) developed an integrated approach that relies on a balance between bottom-up and top-down governance. The aim of this article is to question the actual role of the local basin authorities and ask whether they are central in water governance. The Social Network Analysis of the Thau basin shows that the key actors of the SAGE, namely the...
Topics: Climate change, Governance, Integrated water resource management, Social network analysis, Water...
Adaptation strategies have become critical in climate change mitigation and impact reduction, to safeguard population and the ecosystem from irreparable damage. While developed countries have integrated adaptation plans and policies into their developmental agenda, developing countries are facilitating or yet to initiate adaptation policies in their development. This study examines the nexus between climate change vulnerability and adaptation readiness in 192 UN countries using mapping and...
Topics: Climate change sensitivity, Climate change vulnerability
The representation of the temporal dynamics of ecosystem services (ES) is a crucial research frontier in the field of ES modeling. In fact, most current ES models focus on static ES assessments, that need to be repeated with different inputs per time step to explore potential changes in ES. Here, we present a new approach for the dynamic modeling of multiple ES, based on the Petri Net modeling framework. The key features are: (i) multiple ES are modeled together as a single network, using a...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem services interactions, Integrated management, Social-ecological systems,...
Formulating effective management intervention measures for water supply systems requires investigation of potential long-term impacts. This study applies an integrated multiple regression, random forest regression, and quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) modelling approach to assess the effect of climate-driven precipitation on pathogen infection risks in three drinking water treatment plants (WTPs) in Norway. Pathogen removal efficacies of treatment steps were calculated using...
Topics: Campylobacter, Climate change, Cryptosporidium, E. coli, Giardia, Norovirus, Water treatment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Dong Jin Jeon; Mayzonee Ligaray; Minjeong Kim; Gayoung Kim; Gil Lee; Yakov A. Pachepsky; Dong Hyun Cha; Kyung Hwa Cho
texts

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

Fecal coliform bacteria (FCB) contamination of natural waters is a serious public health issue. Therefore, understanding and anticipating the fate and transport of FCB are important for reducing the risk of contracting diseases. The objective of this study was to analyze the impacts of climate change on the fate and transport of FCB. We modified both the soil and the in-stream bacteria modules in the soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) model and verified the prediction accuracy of seasonal...
Topics: Climate change, Fate and transport, Fecal coliform bacteria, Soil and water assessment tool
Trees are not evenly distributed across urbanized areas and there is evidence that Black, Hispanic, and low-income residents have lower proximal tree canopy coverage. The complex interplay between social policy and the built/physical environment contributes to these outcomes, but much of the research on environmental justice focuses on either producing evidence of inequity or assessing policy to determine its effect on the physical environment. This paper attempts to unite those two approaches...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental justice, Remote sensing, Urban heat island, Urban tree canopy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hanqing Xu; Laixiang Sun; Honglin Zhong; Günther Fischer; Dongli Fan; Wei Wu; Edward Pope; Chris Kent; Junguo Liu
texts

eye 38

favorite 0

comment 0

Northeast Farming Region of China (NFR) produces about one-third of the national maize output. Shortage of crop irrigation water is one of the main threat to the stable level of maize production in the NFR. Previous studies on the sensitivity of maize production to drought are typically based on field experiments and treat the maize growing season as a whole, with rare attention to the varying impacts of drought across different maize growth stages. Given the importance of NFR on China's food...
Topics: China, Climate change, Drought risk, Irrigation water requirement, Maize production
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Hikaru Komatsu; Jeremy Rappleye; Iveta Silova
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

The centrality of culture for achieving environmental sustainability has long been underscored by philosophers, psychologists, and social scientists concerned about the environment. However, to date few studies have detected an empirical relationship between cultural dimensions and actual environmental impacts on Earth (e.g., the Ecological Footprint, EF). This study examined the hypothesis that an individualistic society, herein defined as one whose members predominantly believe in forms of...
Topics: Anthropogenic perception, Climate change, Culture, Ecological Footprint, Education, Independent self
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ahila Subramanian; Sumita B. Khatri
texts

eye 36

favorite 0

comment 0

This article on exposome and asthma focuses on the interaction of patients and their environments in various parts of their growth, development, and stages of life. Indoor and outdoor environments play a role in pathogenesis via levels and duration of exposure, with genetic susceptibility as a crucial factor that alters the initiation and trajectory of common conditions such as asthma. Knowledge of environmental exposures globally and changes that are occurring is necessary to function...
Topics: Air pollution, Allergen, Asthma, Climate change, Exposome
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Brigadier Libanda; Namwiinga Babra Nkolola; Ngonga Chilekana; Kelvin Bwalya
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Diurnal temperature range (DTR)is an important index for climate because of its statistical relationships to greenhouse gases, urban heat, cloud cover, land use change, and aerosol haze layers. This study examines DTR trends across Zambia for the period 1930–2016 using the latest version of high-resolution monthly data (CRU TS v4.01)from the Climatic Research Unit. Non-parametric trend analyses were extensively employed at different spatial and temporal scales to quantify DTR changes. Taken...
Topics: Climate change, Cloud cover, Diurnal temperature range, Rainfall, Zambia
Terrestrial insects are responding to ongoing climate change. While these responses have been primarily linked to rising temperatures, insects are sensitive to desiccation, and the impacts of altered precipitation regimes remain relatively unexplored. Here, we develop a mechanistic model of survival and performance responses to both temperature and desiccation stress, focussing on Lepidoptera in Africa, where a general understanding of such responses to climate change is urgently required. We...
Topics: Butterfly, Climate change, Dehydration, Mechanistic model, Moth, Pest management, Thermal physiology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 55

favorite 0

comment 0

As one of the most developed provinces in China, Jiangsu province is facing both energy and water stresses. The impact of energy production on water resource remains to be seen, especially in terms of a changing climate. In this study, we adopt a Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) model combined with plant-level data to study the impact of energy policies on water resources management. The results indicate that energy efficiency improvements and industry structure...
Topics: Climate change, Energy policy, LEAP model, Water stress, Water-energy nexus, ‘3 Red Lines’
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Xiaoping Wang; Chuanfei Wang; Tingting Zhu; Ping Gong; Zhiyuan Cong
texts

eye 71

favorite 0

comment 0

Due to their low temperatures, the Arctic, Antarctic and Tibetan Plateau are known as the three polar regions of the Earth. As the most remote regions of the globe, the occurrence of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in these polar regions arouses global concern. In this paper, we review the literatures on POPs involving these three polar regions. Overall, concentrations of POPs in the environment (air, water, soil and biota) have been extensively reported, with higher levels of...
Topics: Bioconcentration, Climate change, Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), Polar regions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 43

favorite 0

comment 0

The food-energy-water (FEW) nexus concept has emerged as a powerful approach to address the social and environmental challenges created by land and climate change. We present an analysis of the impact of the governance structure of the Lower Colorado River Basin (LCRB) on the implementation of the FEW nexus concept. Specifically, we quantified the linkages between food, energy, and water systems and then used two different future scenarios: (1) drought and (2) increased demand for alfalfa to...
Topics: Access, Climate change, Cross-sectoral, Production, Resource vulnerability, Water policy
Comprehensive carbon stock and flow accounts integrated with economic information, under an environmental-economic accounting framework, provide a common approach for an information system to improve policymaking for climate change mitigation, sustainable development and forest management. The information system includes environmental and economic data, linkages between land use activities, their co-benefits, inputs to the economy and benefits for human well-being. Forest management was used as...
Topics: Carbon accounting, Carbon storage and sequestration, Climate change mitigation,...
Some integrated assessment studies of climate change have concluded that nuclear energy has a large potential impact on carbon abatement costs. However, these studies have often modeled the cost of nuclear waste management very simply or neglected it entirely. Common difficulties with existing studies include the use of simplistic nuclear waste management cost models and implicitly minimizing costs in the distant future by using discount rates that are arguably inappropriate for...
Topics: Climate change, Integrated assessment, Nuclear energy, Nuclear waste
Von Hoerner (“Population Explosion and Interstellar Expansion,” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 28, 691–712, 1975; hereafter VH75) examined the effects of human population growth and predicted agricultural, environmental, and other problems from observed growth rate trends. Using straightforward calculations, VH75 predicted the “doomsday” years for these scenarios (≈2020–2050), when we as a species should run out of space or food, or induce catastrophic...
Topics: Anthropocene, Astrobiology, Climate change, Fermi paradox, SETI, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 67

favorite 0

comment 0

Both plantation forests and native woodlands are currently facing challenges in the form of rapid climatic change and unprecedented increases in damage by exotic pests and diseases. To combat these problems it has been proposed that a range of novel exotic tree species (non-native species that have not yet undergone thorough operational testing or previously been grown at a forestry scale) should be grown as part of an adaptive management strategy, and that non-native (including novel) species...
Topics: Climate change, Exotic tree, Introduction, Invasive species, Pathogen, Pest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 86

favorite 0

comment 0

Traditional Knowledge has the potential to increase our understanding of many kinds of ecological phenomenon including floods. This article offers insights into the nature of spring flooding and its impacts in the southwestern James Bay region of northern Ontario, Canada from the perspectives of residents of Kashechewan First Nation. This article highlights the important contribution of Kashechewan First Nation's traditional knowledge to understanding and reducing disaster risks in this...
Topics: Canada, Climate change, Indigenous Peoples, Kashechewan First Nation, Participatory techniques,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 R. Berndtsson; P. Becker; A. Persson; H. Aspegren; S. Haghighatafshar; K. Jönsson; R. Larsson; S. Mobini; M. Mottaghi; J. Nilsson; J. Nordström; M. Scholz; C. Sternudd; J. Sörensen; K. Tussupova
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key drivers of changing flood hazard and vulnerability are used to provide an overview of each driver's impact on flood risk and manageability at the city level. We find that identified drivers for urban flood risk can be grouped in three different priority areas with different time horizon. The first...
Topics: Climate change, Urban flood management, Urban flood risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 72

favorite 0

comment 0

Urban adaptation to climate change is likely to emerge from the responses of residents, authorities, and infrastructure providers to the impact of flooding, water scarcity, and other climate-related hazards. These responses are, in part, modulated by political relationships under cultural norms that dominate the institutional and collective decisions of public and private actors. The legacy of these decisions, which are often associated with investment in hard and soft infrastructure, has...
Topics: Adaptation, Agent-based model, Climate change, Flooding, Governance, Multi-criteria, Multi-scale,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Huayang Cai; Hao Yang; Junyong Liu; Lixia Niu; Lei Ren; Feng Liu; Suying Ou; Qingshu Yang
texts

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

Due to the impact of both natural and human-induced changes, the hydrological regimes of many river deltas worldwide have been experienced either gradual or abrupt shifts. However, little work has explored the relative impacts of natural and human-induced changes on the natural balance of these delta systems. This study explores the overall influences of intensive human interventions (e.g., dam constructions, sand excavations, and land reclamations) on the relative mean sea level (RMSL) changes...
Topics: Bivariate linear regression model, Climate change, Human interventions, Pearl River Delta, Relative...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Rosemary N. Wojuola; Busisiwe P. Alant
texts

eye 82

favorite 0

comment 0

Increasing demands for energy, growing environmental concerns and the constraints of conventional energy sources have generated the need for public education on renewable energy, and the need for government policy to embrace renewable energy technologies. This paper is based on a previous study that explored the beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the Nigerian public to renewable energy technologies so as to derive implications for science and technology policy and education in the country. A...
Topics: Climate change, Energy education, Renewable energy, Renewable energy technologies (RETs), Science...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Carla Mellado; Oscar R. Chaparro; Cristian Duarte; Paola A. Villanueva; Alejandro Ortiz; Nelson Valdivia; Rodrigo Torres; Jorge M. Navarro
texts

eye 42

favorite 0

comment 0

High latitudes are considered particularly vulnerable to ocean acidification, since they are naturally low in carbonate ions. The edible mussel Mytilus chilensis is a common calcifier inhabiting marine ecosystems of the southern Chile, where culturing of this species is concentrated and where algal blooms produced by the toxic dinoflagellate A. catenella are becoming more frequent. Juvenile Mytilus chilensis were exposed to experimental conditions simulating two environmental phenomena: pCO 2...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Mussels, PST, Physiological energetics, Toxic dinoflagellates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 D. González-Zeas; B. Erazo; P. Lloret; B. De Bièvre; S. Steinschneider; O. Dangles
texts

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

Bridging the gap between the predictions of coarse-scale climate models and the fine-scale climatic reality is a key issue of hydrological research and water management. While many advances have been realized in developed countries, the situation is contrastingly different in most tropical regions where we still lack information on potential discrepancies between measured and modeled climatic conditions. Consequently, water managers in these regions often rely on non-academic expertise to help...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic model bias, Quito, Tropical mountains, Water availability, Water uses
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Zhiqiang Li; Yulun Zhou; Bingcheng Wan; Qinxin Chen; Bo Huang; Yuanzheng Cui; Hopun Chung
texts

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

One of the most concerning consequences arising from the dramatic urbanization in cities is air stagnation and the related high concentration of air pollutants. Many studies have investigated the impact of urbanization on air stagnation, but few have systematically evaluated such impact and its spatial-temporal variances at the municipal scale. This study proposed an approach based on high-resolution urban climate simulations for evaluating the impact of urbanization on air stagnation. We took...
Topics: China, Land use change, Urban air pollution, Urban climate change, Urban planning, WRF/Noah...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 John J. MacInnis; Igor Lehnherr; Derek C.G. Muir; Roberto Quinlan; Amila O. De Silva
texts

eye 70

favorite 0

comment 0

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are synthetic environmentally-persistent pollutants that are amenable to long-range transport and accumulation in remote Arctic ecosystems. In this study, historical inventories of twenty-three PFASs (i.e. C 4 -C 14 , C 16 perfluoroalkane carboxylic acids (PFCAs); C 4 , C 6 -C 8 , C 10 perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids (PFSAs); perfluoro-4-ethyl-cyclohexane sulfonic acid (PFECHS); dodecafluoro-3H-4,8-dioxanonanoic acid (ADONA); 8-chloro-perfluoro-1-octane sulfonic...
Topics: Climate change, Emissions, Flux, Glacier melt, Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), Temporal trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Leeda Demetropoulou; Maria A. Lilli; Ioanna Petousi; Triantafyllia Nikolaou; Marinos Kritsotakis; Sotiria Panakoulia; Georgios V. Giannakis; Nikolaos P. Nikolaidis
texts

eye 50

favorite 0

comment 0

An innovative multi-criteria methodology was proposed for the prioritization of the Program of Measures (PoM) in the Water Region of Crete, and applied specifically to the basin of Geropotamos river according to the requirements of the Water Framework Directive. This study relied on the four pillars of sustainability and the EU cross-compliance legislative objective for the minimization of the climate change impact. The multi-criteria evaluation methodology was based on the results of four...
Topics: Climate change, Multi-criteria analysis, Prioritization, Program of measures, Stakeholders, Water...