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Adaptation strategies have become critical in climate change mitigation and impact reduction, to safeguard population and the ecosystem from irreparable damage. While developed countries have integrated adaptation plans and policies into their developmental agenda, developing countries are facilitating or yet to initiate adaptation policies in their development. This study examines the nexus between climate change vulnerability and adaptation readiness in 192 UN countries using mapping and...
Topics: Climate change sensitivity, Climate change vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Edward A. Morgan; Johanna Nalau; Brendan Mackey
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The Paris Agreement commits state parties to a global adaptation goal and the inclusion of adaptation into their National Communications. This requires national level planning, monitoring and reporting and methods for effective global-scale adaptation tracking. However, unlike mitigation, where clear targets and goals have been agreed, adaptation is a process with varied and changing goals and risk context. Assessing adaptation plans and strategies can provide valuable insights into ongoing...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate change policy, National adaptation plans, Paris agreement
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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One major area that has gathered public attention in relation to climate change is health risks. Studies into risk perceptions have acknowledged differences between public and expert knowledge. What is less known is how perceptions of climate change related health risk vary between the public and health experts and how these differentiated perceptions are shaped and modified by everyday complex climate change narratives from multiple actors, and contextual ecologies of social and physical...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change knowledge, Climate-induced health problems, Ghana, Public health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Temperate zones including the UK and mainland Europe continue to be exposed to increasing temperatures and more frequent heatwaves as global warming continues. The built environment can mitigate the public health risk of overheating and recommendations for precautionary actions on homes have been published by government and industry. A key player in improving resilience is the householder, who can determine whether precautionary measures will be installed in their home. Previous research on...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate change resilience, Housing, Overheating, Protection motivation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Panagiotis Tsigaris; Joel Wood
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An endogenous growth model with a simple climate system is used to examine the potential impacts of climate change on the capital-to-net income ratio and the net of depreciation share of income to capital, a measure of wealth concentration and income distribution between capital and labour respectively, over the next two centuries. If climate change only directly affects production, as usually assumed, the capital-to-net income ratio will increase as compared to what it would be in the absence...
Topics: Climate change, Economic growth, Wealth
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christophe Jaeger; Pierre Foucard; Aurélien Tocqueville; Sarah Nahon; Joël Aubin
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An aquaponics system (AS) is an integrated system that combines a recirculating aquaculture system and a hydroponics system (HS). It is designed to recover nutrients released from fish and transfer them to plants to provide a system more environmentally-friendly than the two systems working separately. As a result, several AS are under development, but little information is available about their overall performances. The aim of this study was to assess nutrient-use efficiency and environmental...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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It has been suggested that climate change is the biggest threat to public health for the 21st Century; increased demand on health services will impact on already overstretched resources and systems will need to be able to respond. However limited attention is given to climate change and sustainability in nursing education; there is no clear guidance on curricula content for nurses or recommendations regarding the skills and competencies that will be required. Literature published in Dutch,...
Topics: Climate change, Education, Nursing, Sustainability
Given the growing scarcity of primary energy resources, increasing the efficiency of energy conversion is one of the key challenges for optimising energy use. For this reason, low-grade or waste heat from various processes is becoming increasingly more attractive as an energy source. This study considers anaerobic digestion (AD) coupled with a combined heat and power plant (CHP) as a source of low-grade heat for electricity generation utilising an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system. The aim is...
Topics: Biogas, Climate change, Energy, Waste
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by B. François; K. E. Schlef; S. Wi; C. M. Brown
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Conventional methods for designing infrastructure that is subject to flood risk, such as dams and levees, assume a stationary design flood. However, observed and potential non-stationarity in floods can result in costly over-design or dangerous under-design. Despite substantial attention, evidence from the literature makes clear there is no consensus methodology for estimating design variables under climate change. Practical guidance remains elusive. This paper presents a review of the...
Topics: Climate change, Design, Flood, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dennis Wesselbaum; Amelia Aburn
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This paper adds to the literature on the determinants of international migration. First, we offer a joint analysis of the driving forces of migration capturing year-to-year variations and long-run effects. Second, we analyze the dynamic response of migration to shocks to its determinants. We start by presenting a theoretical model that allows us to model migration as an augmented gravity equation. We then construct a rich panel data set with 16 destination and 198 origin countries between 1980...
Topics: Climate change, Determinants, Dynamic effects
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Barrak Alahmad; Ahmed Shakarchi; Mohammad Alseaidan; Mary Fox
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Background: In light of climate change, health risks are expected to be exacerbated by extreme temperatures. Many studies showed that high and low ambient temperatures are associated with increased short-term mortality risk, but little is known about these risks in Kuwait and the Gulf Region. Objective: To examine the dose-response relationship between 24-h average ambient temperatures and daily mortality risk in Kuwait. Methods: We gathered mortality and meteorological data from 2010 to 2016...
Topics: Climate change, DLNM, Kuwait, Mortality
This interdisciplinary review organizes, summarizes and critically analyzes the literature regarding the nexus between climate change and the built environment, its associated impacts, and the proposed mitigation measures and challenges for their implementation. While global warming-driven changes of ecosystems could have multiple impacts on the built environment (most prominently on building energy demand and related urban energy systems), the building sector presents significant potential for...
Topics: Buildings, Climate change, Policy, Renovation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and sea level rise (SLR) poses serious risks to coastal communities around the world requiring nations to apply adaptation laws and policies. Climate change will exacerbate the existing threats to vulnerable communities, such as the poor, and threaten the food security of populations in coastal areas through the effects of flooding due to coastal inundation. Indonesia is an Archipelagic State of over 17,000 islands and is vulnerable to climate change impacts in its coastal areas...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate justice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Díaz; M. Sáez; R. Carmona; I. J. Mirón; M. A. Barceló; M. Y. Luna; C. Linares
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Background: In recent years, a number of studies have been conducted with the aim of analysing the impact that high temperatures will have on mortality over different time horizons under different climate scenarios. Very few of these studies take into account the fact that the threshold temperature used to define a heat wave will vary over time, and there are practically none which calculate this threshold temperature for each geographical area on the assumption that there will be variations at...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Heat wave, Mortality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Changes in the timing, magnitude, frequency, and duration of extreme hydrologic events are becoming apparent and could disrupt species assemblages and stream ecosystems across the Northeastern United States. Between August 28 and 29 of 2011, an average of 31 cm of rain from Tropical Storm Irene fell across Eastern New York State in less than 24 h and caused historic flooding in numerous streams of the Catskill Mountain Region. Peak discharges exceeded the 0.01 annual exceedance probability...
Topics: Bioassessment, Climate change, Hydrology, Macroinvertebrates, Streams
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tarik Dogru; Elizabeth A. Marchio; Umit Bulut; Courtney Suess
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Fluctuating and extreme weather patterns are acute indicators of climate change and these patterns modify tourist activities. The tourism industry is thus considered highly vulnerable to climate change. However, the effects of climate change on tourism have not yet been extensively quantified. Furthermore, the extent to which tourism is vulnerable or resilient to climate change has not been compared to other sectors of the economy. This study examines the extent to which vulnerability and...
Topics: Climate change, GDP, Resilience, Tourism, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dayong Zhang; Zhiwei Zhang; Shunsuke Managi
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With growing global actions toward climate changes, green finance receives large attention in recent literature. It is though conceptually unclear, with no consensus achieved on its definition among researchers. This paper provides a brief review of the recent advances in green finance research. It uses a bibliometric analysis approach to summarize the status quo and development trends of green finance. We assist establishing a solid conceptual base and guidance to future research directions.
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Climate change, Green finance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. A. Burford; C. C. Carey; D. P. Hamilton; J. Huisman; H. W. Paerl; S. A. Wood
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Harmful cyanobacterial blooms (=cyanoHABs) are an increasing feature of many waterbodies throughout the world. Many bloom-forming species produce toxins, making them of particular concern for drinking water supplies, recreation and fisheries in waterbodies along the freshwater to marine continuum. Global changes resulting from human impacts, such as climate change, over-enrichment and hydrological alterations of waterways, are major drivers of cyanoHAB proliferation and persistence. This review...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Temperature, cyanoHABs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shouliang Huo; Hanxiao Zhang; Chunzi Ma; Beidou Xi; Zhuoshi He; Xiaochuang Li; Fengchang Wu
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Climate change is likely to stimulate variations in phytoplankton composition and production in gradually eutrophicating water, with negative consequences for the water quality of many reservoirs. This study analyzed the effects of climate warming and increased nutrient loading on algae communities recorded by sedimentary pigments in the Changtan Reservoir of southeastern China from 1985 to 2015. Pigment profiles indicated that cyanobacteria, green algae, diatoms, and cryptophytes were the...
Topics: Climate change, GAMs, Phytoplankton pigment, Reservoir
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bharati Kollah; Bhoopendra Singh; Manoj Parihar; Usha Ahirwar; Nagavanti Atoliya; Garima Dubey; Ashok Patra; Santosh Ranjan Mohanty
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Climate change is predicted to increase pest infestation and may lead to high use of insecticides in agriculture. Elevated CO 2 and other climate factors affect soil microbial processes like nitrification. To regulate climate change biochar (BC) has been recommended for soil application. It is hypothesized that elevated CO 2 and biochar may stimulate autolithotrophic nitrifiers and providing a matrix for microbial proliferation while chlorpyrifos inhibit nitrification through toxicity effect on...
Topics: Biochar, Chlorpyrifos, Climate change, Microorganisms, Nitrification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Caitlin Kontgis; Nguyen Hong Duc; Jason Schatz
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Rice is consumed by more people than any other grain. Globally, Vietnam is one of the largest exporters of rice, with the majority of production occurring in the tropical, low-lying Mekong River Delta. Agriculture in the Mekong River Delta is susceptible to yield losses from rising temperatures, sea level rise, and land use change as urban expansion replaces productive farmland. Most studies that assess climate change impacts to rice paddy yields are conducted at global- or continental-scales,...
Topics: CERES-Rice, Climate change, DSSAT, Vietnam
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The past two decades have witnessed a proliferation of transnational networking initiatives aimed at addressing climate change. Previous work has suggested that these initiatives largely achieve their governance functions by fostering learning and resource acquisition. Our particular contribution seeks to advance current understanding of networking initiatives by suggesting that they may additionally perform social and emotional roles which galvanise, energise and motivate actors to pursue...
Topics: Climate change, Emotions, Networking, Solidarity, Transnational
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Smart meters are a crucial infrastructural feature of a modernizing grid. Smart meters enable dynamic rate structures, a wide range of smart home technologies, energy use feedback, and greater use of distributed renewable energy. Yet, ratepayers are often unfamiliar with smart meters and their benefits, have ambivalent or negative attitudes toward them, and may outright oppose their use. Past research has identified numerous factors that influence acceptance and engagement. However, these...
Topics: Climate change, Energy conservation, Social acceptance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Raul P. Lejano
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While the goals of sustainability and resilience look to the health and function of the system, a new criterion, relationality, focuses relationship and the degree of connectedness, social and otherwise, among persons (and even nonhuman others). It is founded upon an ethic of care that posits that no one is left alone, and that society must place a primary focus on the most vulnerable. This is particularly relevant when considering how cities are beginning to deal with increasingly frequent and...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme weather, Relationality, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yupeng Li; Yaning Chen; Zhi Li
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As reported in previous studies, global warming has caused a clear uptick in dryland areas since the 1950s. Meanwhile, the accelerated expansion of drylands has become particularly evident over the past 40 years, with dry/wet patterns showing significant differences prior to and after 1980. This paper uses the Precipitation/Potential evaporation (P/PET)index to analyze changes occurring in the dry/wet structure of various spatial and temporal scales during 1948–2008. The results show the...
Topics: Climate change, Dryland areas, P/PET
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by N. Coulombel; V. Boutueil; L. Liu; V. Viguié
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This paper investigates how and to what extent changes in user behavior may mitigate the environmental benefits of urban ridesharing, a phenomenon commonly referred to as “rebound effect”. Ridesharing reduces both the individual cost of car travel (through cost splitting) and road travel times (by decreasing congestion). This may trigger a number of behavioral changes among transportation users, including: making less detours to avoid congestion (route choice effect), switching from public...
Topics: Climate change, Rebound effect, Ridesharing, Users
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chanda G. Goodrich; Anjal Prakash; Pranita B. Udas
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Vulnerability to climate change is a multi-layered and multi-faceted phenomena, determined by both biophysical and socio-economic factors, leading to differential vulnerabilities for women and men from different categories, groups and locations. Thus, there are varying gendered differences in vulnerabilities in any context, and not all women or all men are equally vulnerable, nor are they vulnerable in a similar way – vulnerabilities vary in nature and type. Vulnerabilities to climate change...
Topics: Climate change, Hindu Kush Himalaya, Intersectionality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by N. Liu; R. J. Harper; K. R.J. Smettem; B. Dell; S. Liu
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Southwestern Australia has experienced recent climate change, with an increase in air temperature of 0.6 °C and a reduction in mean annual precipitation of −15% since 1970. Along with the warming and drying trends, dramatic declines of streamflow have occurred across the region. However, both forest mortality and an increase in leaf area index have been observed in the southwestern forest, suggesting varied responses of vegetation to climate change. In this study, 30 catchments were analyzed...
Topics: Australia, Climate change, Streamflow, Vegetation change
Exposure to extreme heat can lead to a range of heat-related illnesses, exacerbate pre-existing health conditions and cause increased demand on the healthcare system. A projected increase in temperature may lead to greater healthcare expenditure, however, at present the costs of heat-related healthcare utilization is under-researched. This study aims to review the literature on heat-related costs for the healthcare system with a focus on ED visits, hospitalization, and ambulance call-outs....
Topics: Climate change, Forecasting, Hospitalization cost, Morbidity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Samuel Asumadu Sarkodie; Vladimir Strezov; Haftom Weldekidan; Ernest Frimpong Asamoah; Israel Nutifafa Yawo Doyi
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Increasing population demand has triggered the enhancement of food production, energy consumption and economic development, however, its impact on climate change has become a global concern. This study applied a novel environmental sustainability assessment tool using dynamic Autoregressive-Distributed Lag (ARDL) simulations for model estimation of the relationships between greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy, biomass, food and economic growth for Australia using data spanning from 1970 to...
Topics: Climate change, Cointegration, Dynamic modelling, Dynardl
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gislaine Oliveira; Suzana Reis Evangelista; Fabiana Reinis Franca Passamani; Wilder Douglas Santiago; Maria das Graças Cardoso; Luís Roberto Batista
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This study investigated the influence of temperature and water activity (a w ) on the growth and biosynthesis of Ochratoxin A (OTA) by Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus, and the influence of climate change on the production potential of this mycotoxin in coffee was predicted. Central Composite Rotatable Design with a w ranging from 0.91 to 0.99 and temperatures from 17 to 38 °C was used. A. carbonarius CCDCA 10288 and 10293 showed optimal growth in a w intervals from 0.935 to...
Topics: Climate change, Coffee, Fungi, Mycotoxin, Safety
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gorka Erice; Álvaro Sanz-Sáez; Jon González-Torralba; Ana María Méndez-Espinoza; Inés Urretavizcaya; María Teresa Nieto; María Dolors Serret; José Luis Araus; Juan J. Irigoyen; Iker Aranjuelo
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Wheat grain represents an important source of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and minerals. Durum wheat is used mainly for the preparation of pasta, and in some Mediterranean areas is used for bread making. The atmospheric CO 2 concentration influences wheat growth, yield and quality. The present work focuses on kernel quality under conditions of elevated [CO 2 ] and subjected, or not, to water stress. The experiments were conducted with the durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) varieties cvv....
Topics: Climate change, Nutritional traits, Wheat, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Santillán; Ana Iglesias; Isabelle La Jeunesse; Luis Garrote; Vicente Sotes
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This paper suggests how climate change may transform vineyards. We consider changes in agro-climatic indicators derived from climatic variables as drivers for adaptation needs. We use two climate scenarios, GCM GFL-ESM2M and HadGEM2-ES, with 0.5° spatial resolution and daily time step forced by two emission scenarios, RCP2.6 and 6.0, to estimate the transition of potential vineyards in the major grape production world areas by the late 21st century. We present and discuss changes in three...
Topics: Adaptation, Drought, Global climate change, Vineyards
The Minamata Convention to reduce anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions entered into force in 2017, and attention is now focused on how to best monitor its effectiveness at reducing Hg exposure to humans. A key question is how closely Hg concentrations in the human food chain, especially in fish and other aquatic wildlife, will track the changes in atmospheric Hg that are expected to occur following anthropogenic emission reductions. We investigated this question by evaluating several regional...
Topics: Climate change, Fish, Mercury, Minamata Convention
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rachael H. Nolan; David J. Eldridge; Keryn I. Paul; Stephen Roxburgh; Don W. Butler; Daniel Ramp
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Extreme disturbance events, such as wildfire and drought, have large impacts on carbon storage and sequestration of forests and woodlands globally. Here, we present a modelling approach that assesses the relative impact of disturbances on carbon storage and sequestration, and how this will alter under climate change. Our case study is semi-arid Australia where large areas of land are managed to offset over 122 million tonnes of anthropogenic carbon emissions over a 100-year period. These carbon...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Forest, Grazing, Mortality, Wildfire
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by William L. King; Cheryl Jenkins; Justin R. Seymour; Maurizio Labbate
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Shifting environmental conditions are known to be important triggers of oyster diseases. The mechanism(s) behind these synergistic effects (interplay between host, environment and pathogen/s) are often not clear, although there is evidence that shifts in environmental conditions can affect oyster immunity, and pathogen growth and virulence. However, the impact of shifting environmental parameters on the oyster microbiome and how this affects oyster health and susceptibility to infectious...
Topics: Aquaculture, Climate change, Microbiome, Oyster disease, Pathogen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Mid-Carnian Pluvial Episode (or “Carnian Wet Intermezzo”) interrupted the generally arid climate of the Triassic in different regions. An enhanced high-resolution time scale, especially with intercalibrated ammonoid, conodont and magnetic polarity zones, is required to understand the global coincidence of regional manifestations of this climatic change and possible causation factors. The termination of oolite-rich limestones and the initial influx of terrigenous debris at the Unit 1 to...
Topics: Biostratigraphy, Climate change, Late Triassic, Mazzaella carnica
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xinying Wu; Zengchao Hao; Fanghua Hao; Xuan Zhang
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Concurrent precipitation and temperature extremes usually have significant impacts on the society, economy and ecosystem. Changes in precipitation or temperature extremes in China have been extensively studied; however, less attention has been paid to their concurrence (or compound extremes) to date. This study explores the historical variations of compound extremes including dry/warm, dry/cold, wet/warm, and wet/cold combinations based on monthly precipitation and temperature observations...
Topics: Climate change, Compound extremes, Frequency, Spatial extent
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiao Zhang; Hong Yi Li; Zhiqun D. Deng; L. Ruby Leung; John R. Skalski; Steven J. Cooke
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Water temperature has manifold effects on the biology of Pacific salmon. Thermal optima enable Pacific salmon to maximize growth while temperatures above thermal optima can induce stress and lead to mortality. This study investigated the impacts of climatic changes and water management practices on Chinook and Steelhead smolts in the Columbia River Basin using an integrated earth system model and a multiple regression model that incorporated nonlinear survival responses to water temperature....
Topics: Climate change, Salmon, Stream temperature, Water management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Astghik Mavisakalyan; Yashar Tarverdi
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This paper investigates whether female political representation in national parliaments influences climate change policy outcomes. Based on data from a large sample of countries, we demonstrate that female representation leads countries to adopt more stringent climate change policies. We exploit a combination of full and partial identification approaches to suggest that this relationship is likely to be causal. Moreover, we show that through its effect on the stringency of climate change...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental policy, Gender, Political representation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alessandro Anav; Alessandra De Marco; Pierre Friedlingstein; Flavia Savi; Pierre Sicard; Stephen Sitch; Marcello Vitale; Elena Paoletti
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Climate change significantly modifies terrestrial ecosystems and vegetation activity, yet little is known about how climate change and ozone pollution interact to affect forest health. Here we compared the trends of two metrics widely used to protect forests against negative impacts of ozone pollution, the AOT40 (Accumulated Ozone over Threshold of 40 ppb) which only depends on surface air ozone concentrations, and the POD (Phytotoxic Ozone Dose) which relies on the amount of ozone uptaken by...
Topics: AOT40, Climate change, Forests, POD, Tropospheric ozone
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henry Barreras; Elizabeth A. Kelly; Naresh Kumar; Helena M. Solo-Gabriele
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The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between local factors (beach geomorphology and management) and regional factors (infrastructure improvements and temperature changes) against levels of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) at recreational beaches. Data were evaluated for 17 beaches located in Monroe County, Florida (Florida Keys), USA, including an assessment of sanitary infrastructure improvements using equivalent dwelling unit (EDU) connections. Results show that elevated...
Topics: Climate change, Fecal indicator bacteria, Infrastructure, Temperature
Stream temperatures, which influence dynamics and distributions of the aquatic species and kinetics of biochemical reactions, are expected to be altered by the climate change. Therefore, predicting the impacts of climate change on stream temperature is helpful for integrated water resources management. In this study, our previously developed Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) equilibrium temperature model, which considers both the impacts of meteorological condition and hydrological...
Topics: Climate change impact assessment, Stream temperature modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heidrun Feuchtmayr; Thomas G. Pottinger; Alanna Moore; Mitzi M. De Ville; Heather T. Carter; M. Gloria Pereira; Stephen C. Maberly
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An increase of dissolved organic carbon (DOC)in inland waters has been reported across the northern temperate region but the effects of this on whole lake ecosystems, often combined with other anthropogenic stressors like nutrient inputs and warming, are poorly known. The effects of these changes on different component of the ecosystem were assessed in an experiment using twenty-four large (3000L)outdoor mesocosms simulating shallow lakes. Two different temperature regimes (ambient and ambient...
Topics: Climate change, Cyanobacteria, DOC, Fish, Macroinvertebrates, Phytoplankton
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariana Médice Firme Sá; Carlos Ernesto G.R. Schaefer; Diego C. Loureiro; Felipe N.B. Simas; Bruno J.R. Alves; Eduardo de Sá Mendonça; Eduardo Barretto de Figueiredo; Newton La Scala; Alan R. Panosso
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While most soils in periglacial environments present high fluxes of CO 2 (F CO2 ), CH 4 (F CH4 ), and N 2 O (F N2O ), few of them have a tendency to drain greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. This study aimed to assess greenhouse gas fluxes at different sub-Antarctic sites and time periods (at the beginning of thaw and height of summer). To investigate the time of year effect on greenhouse gas emissions, F CO2 , F CH4 , and F N2O were measured at two sites tundra-covered (Ti and Th) and...
Topics: Climate change, GHG emissions, Tierra del Fuego
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ofir Miller; David Helman; Tal Svoray; Efrat Morin; David J. Bonfil
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Current literature suggests that wheat production models are limited either to wide-scale or plot-based predictions ignoring pattern of habitat conditions and surficial hydrological processes. We present here a high-spatial resolution (50 m) non-calibrated GIS-based wheat production model for predictions of aboveground wheat biomass (AGB) and grain yield (GY). The model is an integration of three sub-models, each simulating elemental processes relevant for wheat growth dynamics in water-limited...
Topics: Climate change, GIS, Grain yield, HYDRUS, Wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephan Lewandowsky; Toby D. Pilditch; Jens K. Madsen; James S. Risbey
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Some well-established scientific findings may be rejected by vocal minorities because the evidence is in conflict with political views or economic interests. For example, the tobacco industry denied the medical consensus on the harms of smoking for decades, and the clear evidence about human-caused climate change is currently being rejected by many politicians and think tanks that oppose regulatory action. We present an agent-based model of the processes by which denial of climate change can...
Topics: Agent-based models, Climate change, Science denial
Rainfall in India has become much more variable as a result of global climate change. Responses to rain shocks vary depending on the level of climate variation a community experiences historically. Using data spanning three decades in 230 villages in India, I find that farmers tend to diversify their income with non-farm wage jobs in response to rainfall shocks. This diversification strategy is employed less in places with more variable historical weather as people are more adapted. As climate...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, India, Labor supply, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefani Daryanto; Bojie Fu; Wenwu Zhao; Lixin Wang
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In many shrub-encroached lands, livestock grazing is the dominant land-use type which shapes stakeholders’ perspective on single ecosystem service provision (i.e., forage production). Although recent ecological studies suggested otherwise, recognition of multiple ecosystem services from shrublands is rarely translated into policy, likely due to the lack of robust scientific evidence on trade-offs between ecosystem services following shrub removal. Based on meta-analysis from global...
Topics: Arid, Climate change, Ecohydrology, Grassland, Grazing, Livestock
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lydie Goeldner-Gianella; Delphine Grancher; Alexandre K. Magnan; Edouard de Belizal; Virginie K.E. Duvat
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French coastal policies have recently put greater emphasis on the need to better inform coastal populations about coastal risks in the context of climate change, in particular in French overseas territories that are nationally recognized as hotspots. It is therefore critical to further assess local populations' knowledge and perceptions of climate-related coastal risks. In this respect, we ran a social survey among inhabitants of two atolls of French Polynesia in the Pacific Ocean, using a...
Topics: Climate change, French Polynesia, Perception, Perception drivers
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bikramaditya K. Choudhary; Arun Kumar Tripathi; Jeetesh Rai
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Cities, especially in the poor countries, are competing with one another to generate higher growth. Such competition makes everything including the environment subservient to ‘technology’. As a consequence, they are faced with extreme weather events and are therefore important in the context of responding to climate change. They are increasingly being recognised as having unique climate risks and specific vulnerabilities due to higher concentration of people and activities. Adaptation seems...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Response, Urban authorities, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Arun Kumar Dwivedi; Anil Kumar; Prashant Baredar; Om Prakash
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The government of India has recently amended forest act 1927, whereby Bamboo grown in non-forest areas has been removed from the purview of restrictions on its felling and interstate transportation. The new regulation is aimed to increase the commercialization of Bamboo and help in fulfilling the government's commitment to double farmers' income by 2022. It will boost the interest of farmers and entrepreneurs in cultivation, treatment, and processing of Bamboo, which will not only generate new...
Topics: Bamboo, Carbon credits, Climate change, Income, India
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Celeste Dias; Catarina Figueiredo; Diana C.G.A. Pinto; Helena Freitas; Conceição Santos; Artur M.S. Silva
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Olea europaea L. is the basis of the olive oil chain value. Olive by-products remain economically underexplored despite their richness in polyphenols and fatty acids. Heat waves and raised UV-B radiation episodes (that increasingly affect Mediterranean orchards) may influence these compounds. Herein we characterize the most relevant leaf lipophilic and phenolic compounds of an important Portuguese cultivar Cobrançosa, immediately and 30 days after exposure to high UV-B radiation or heat shock...
Topics: Chromatography, Climate change, Flavonoids, Olea europaea, Secoiridoids
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elisa Calliari; Andrea Staccione; Jaroslav Mysiak
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Raising interest in ‘nature-based solutions’ (NBS) has inspired attempts to organise their principles and qualities within comprehensive and internally consistent evaluation frameworks, so as to demonstrate the superior performance of ‘working with nature’. However, the proposed frameworks stop short of taking into account the changing conditions in which NBS are set to operate. Climate change, in particular, can alter ecosystems and their services, and may undermine the performance of...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem services, NBS, System analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ahila Subramanian; Sumita B. Khatri
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This article on exposome and asthma focuses on the interaction of patients and their environments in various parts of their growth, development, and stages of life. Indoor and outdoor environments play a role in pathogenesis via levels and duration of exposure, with genetic susceptibility as a crucial factor that alters the initiation and trajectory of common conditions such as asthma. Knowledge of environmental exposures globally and changes that are occurring is necessary to function...
Topics: Air pollution, Allergen, Asthma, Climate change, Exposome
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Min Luo; Xianwei Feng; Philippe De Maeyer; Amaury Frankl
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Water resources have an important role in maintaining ecological fuctions and sustaining social and economic development. This is especially true in arid and semi-arid areas, where climate change has a large impact on water resources, such as in Xinjiang, China. Using a combination of precipitation and temperature bias correction methods, we analyzed projected changes in different hydrological components in nine high-alpine catchments distributed in Xinjiang using the Soil and Water Assessment...
Topics: Catchment, Climate change, RCP, SWAT, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hyunwoo Kang; Venkataramana Sridhar; Bradford F. Mills; W. Cully Hession; Jactone A. Ogejo
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The impacts of climate change on green water drought and associated economic activity can be simulated with future climate projections, hydrologic models that predict drought indices based on reliable soil moisture, and historic relationships between drought indices and agricultural sector impacts. This study compares the potential impacts of climate change on future agricultural drought and economic conditions in a rural and an urban congressional district in Northern Virginia (VA). The...
Topics: Agricultural production, Climate change, Drought, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lori Marino
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The idea of colonizing Mars as an opportunity to sustain the human species is a popular one currently. However, it is based on false premises and ignores the abundant evidence demonstrating that our species is not capable of living on any planet sustainably. Human psychology, and the problems associated with our species’ biases and cognitive limitations, will follow us to any planet and replicate the same issues we face on earth.
Topics: Climate change, Colonization, Mars, Mass extinction, Sustainability
Educational attainment is generally a strong predictor of belief in climate change, but prior research indicates that for political conservatives a college education is not always associated with increased belief. Conservatives in several countries, especially those in populist parties, have shown skepticism toward climate-mitigation policies and in some cases toward climate science. The study contributes to theories of environmental belief by examining two mechanisms for the low effect of the...
Topics: Climate change, College, Conservatives, Core curriculum, Education
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Jghab; M. Vargas-Yañez; A. Reul; M. C. Garcia-Martínez; M. Hidalgo; F. Moya; M. Bernal; M. Ben Omar; S. Benchoucha; A. Lamtai
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The study of environmental variables and their influence on the small pelagic fish stocks of the Alboran Sea (Western Mediterranean) is asymmetrical, with studies focused on the southern coast being scarce compared with those looking at the northern margin. In this work, time series of sardine landings from the Moroccan coast of the Alboran Sea from 1981 to 2016 were analyzed together with environmental variables such as Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Sea Surface Salinity (SSS), Surface...
Topics: Alboran Sea, Climate change, Environmental factors, Sardine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Purpose: This paper reviews the past and future trends of climate change in Malaysia, the major contributors of greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change to Malaysia. It also reviews the mitigation and adaptations undertaken, and future strategies to manage the impacts of regional climate change. Methodology: The review encompasses historical climate data comprising mean daily temperature, precipitation, mean sea level and occurrences of extreme weather events. Future climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Impacts, Malaysia, Mitigation, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Policy-makers are interested in knowing the relative importance and combined effects of land use and climate change on ecosystem services. However, knowledge of how to identify these relationships is still lacking. This study aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of water-related ecosystem services and to improve understanding of how they are impacted by land use and climate change in Kentucky, USA. By using InVEST models and environmental setting scenarios, this study first quantifies...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem service, Kentucky, Land use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephen Brough; Bryn Hubbard; Alun Hubbard
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Although a substantial ice cover has been identified within the mid-latitudes of Mars, there is uncertainty regarding the formation, current and former volume, and dynamic evolution of these ice masses. Here, we present the first comprehensive ice volume estimate of martian glacier-like forms (GLFs) from systematic population scale mapping and volumetric analysis. The outlines of 1243 GLFs were manually delineated from 6 m per pixel Context Camera (CTX) images and the volume of each determined...
Topics: GIS, Mars, climate change, glaciation, glacier, water
The climate record of the Mid-Holocene southern Levant indicates a period of rapid climate change and erratic rainfall. An unpredictable rainfall regime would have posed a considerable risk to societies dependent upon crops and livestock that require a plentiful and consistent supply of water. In this paper, we first examine an assemblage of pig remains from Hartuv, a small settlement occupied during the Early Bronze Age, and then interpret these data alongside palaeohydrological evidence. We...
Topics: Climate change, Geoarchaeology, Pigs, Southern Levant, Zooarchaeology
This paper examines the implementation of carbon governance initiatives targeting urban buildings and energy infrastructure and uses a material politics approach to evaluate whether these practices are triggering trajectories towards decarbonization. Urban low carbon transitions suggest a substantial re-ordering of urban infrastructure. However, there is a critical need to engage with the material implications of low carbon practices since research so far has painted a picture of incremental...
Topics: Carbon, Climate change, Decarbonization, Governance, Materiality, Urban
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Liping Yi; Xin Xu; Wenxin Ge; Haibin Xue; Jin Li; Daoyuan Li; Chunping Wang; Haixia Wu; Xiaobo Liu; Dashan Zheng; Zhe Chen; Qiyong Liu; Peng Bi; Jing Li
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Background: Climate change may lead to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and pose public health challenges to human health and the already overloaded healthcare system. It is therefore important to review current knowledge and identify further directions in China, the largest developing country in the world. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to examine the relationship between climate variability and infectious disease transmission in China in the new...
Topics: China, Climate change, Health burden, Infectious disease
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Despite the active applications of thermal comfort indices for heat wave definitions, there is lack of evaluation for the impact of extended days of high temperature on health outcomes using many of the indices. This study compared the impact of heat waves on health outcomes among different heat wave definitions based on thermal comfort and air temperature. We compared heat waves in South Korea (cities and provinces) for the warm season for 2011–2014, using air temperature, heat index (HI),...
Topics: Climate change, Heat wave, Morbidity, Mortality, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Emilio J. Gonzalez-Sanchez; Oscar Veroz-Gonzalez; Gordon Conway; Manuel Moreno-Garcia; Amir Kassam; Saidi Mkomwa; Rafaela Ordoñez-Fernandez; Paula Triviño-Tarradas; Rosa Carbonell-Bojollo
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Africa is the smallest contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions among the continents, but the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The effects will not be limited to a rising average temperature and changing rainfall patterns, but also to increasing severity and frequency in droughts, heat stress and floods. Agriculture is not only impacted upon by climate change but also contributes to global warming. However, not all agricultural systems affect negatively climate change....
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Groundcovers, No-tillage
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global environmental changes, driven by the consequences of human activities and population growth, are altering our planet in ways that pose current threats to human health, with the magnitude of these threats projected to increase over coming decades if additional, proactive actions are not taken. Global changes, unprecedented in their geospatial and temporal scales, include climate change, marine pollution, ozone layer depletion, soil degradation, and urbanization. Climate change is the best...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Health policy, Mitigation, Risks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Multi-level governance (MLG) theory has become the main explanation for how climate action is realized in polycentric, multi-sector, multi-actor policy landscapes. In this paper, we examine processes of climate change governance in a given city in China, Rizhao, and evaluate how MLG arrangements operate. We do so by examining primary data collected through in-depth interviews with local stakeholders. Our results show that the focus on multi-level – and in particular transnational –...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Multi-level governance, Politics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by N. D. Rao; M. Poblete-Cazenave; R. Bhalerao; K. F. Davis; S. Parkinson
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Agriculture contributes 18% of India's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet, little is known about the energy requirements of individual crops, making it difficult to link nutrition-enhancing dietary changes to energy consumption and climate change. We estimate the energy and CO 2 intensity of food grains (rice, wheat, sorghum, maize, pearl millet and finger millet) taking into account their irrigation requirements, water source, dependence on groundwater, yields, fertilizer and machinery...
Topics: Agriculture, Cereals, Climate change, Energy intensity, Mitigation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gloria Soto-Montes-de-Oca; Miriam Alfie-Cohen
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This study analyses impacts of climate change on peri-urban communities that are at risk of drought and further demonstrates that these communities are aware of this change. This study is focused on two Mexican cities, Aguascalientes and Hermosillo and their respective peri-urban communities, to demonstrate the shared awareness of increased temperatures as well as rainfall decrease. Vulnerability experienced by both communities differs by dimensions like exposure and sensibility to the climate...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Peri-urban areas, Poverty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jean François Soussana; Suzanne Lutfalla; Fiona Ehrhardt; Todd Rosenstock; Christine Lamanna; Petr Havlík; Meryl Richards; Eva (Lini) Wollenberg; Jean Luc Chotte; Emmanuel Torquebiau; Philippe Ciais; Pete Smith; Rattan Lal
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At the 21st session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, COP21), a voluntary action plan, the ‘4 per 1000 Initiative: Soils for Food Security and Climate’ was proposed under the Agenda for Action. The Initiative underlines the role of soil organic matter (SOM) in addressing the three-fold challenge of food and nutritional security, adaptation to climate change and mitigation of human-induced greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions. It sets an ambitious...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Adaptive thermal plasticity plays a key role in mitigating the effects of seasonal and diurnal thermal fluctuations among ectotherms at various life-stages. While the role of thermal history in conferring such plasticity is widely documented, its interaction with relative humidity (RH), another important driver of ectotherm survival and activity, is relatively underexplored. Yet the potential responses to these combinational stressors across ontogeny remain largely neglected. Against this...
Topics: Climate change, Ontogeny, Phenotypic plasticity, Stress resistance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhiying Li; Xiao Li; Yue Wang
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Extreme precipitation events damage infrastructure and property; thus, predicting future precipitation patterns in the context of climate change is important. In this study, precipitation projections from 36 downscaled General Circulation Models (GCMs) under two Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios (RCP2.6 and RCP8.5) enabled examination of projected changes in future precipitation for the Clear Creek watershed in Houston, Texas, USA. Precipitation from 1950 to 2099 simulated...
Topics: Clear Creek watershed, Climate change, Indices, Precipitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Martin Hynčica; Radan Huth
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The change in precipitation phase is an important manifestation of climate change, especially in the moderate climate zone and mountain regions. We analyse changes in precipitation at 107 European stations in cold months (November–April). Stations in Czechia where both surface synoptic observations (SYNOP) reporting the precipitation phase, and temperature and precipitation data are available in sufficient quality, are used to determine the regional threshold temperature. The threshold...
Topics: Climate change, Europe, Precipitation phase, Temperature, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Isaac Azuz-Adeath; Alejandro Yañez-Arancibia
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This Editorial is the introductory text to the special section “Climate Change: Ecological and socio economic dimensions in the coastal zone” which is the result of the work developed to carry out the symposium of the same name held during the conference “EcoSummit 2016” in Montpellier, France, as well as the open call for papers published once the conference is over.
Topics: Climate change, Coastal zone, Socio economic dimension
Water resources across the globe are projected to undergo significant changes as climate and socio-economic conditions change. A policy relevant question thus arises: whether climate change or population change exerts a greater control on future freshwater resources of a region? Understanding the relative importance of these factors in affecting water availability can help guide prioritization of policy level interventions. In this study, we quantify the changes in mean annual per capita water...
Topics: Budyko, Climate change, Population, SSP, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Enyan Zhu; Jingsong Deng; Mengmeng Zhou; Muye Gan; Ke Wang; Amir Reza Shahtahmassebi
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Land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) is a crucial factor affecting carbon emissions. Zhejiang Province has witnessed unprecedented LUCC concomitant with rapid urbanization from 1970 to 2010. In this study, remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) method were combined to quantify changes in both vegetation carbon storage and soil organic carbon (SOC) storage resulting from LUCC during 1970–1990 and 1990–2010. For both...
Topics: Global climate change, LUCC, SOC, Vegetation carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Solomon Asfaw; Antonio Scognamillo; Gloria Di Caprera; Adriana Ignaciuk
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This article investigates the empirical linkages between crop and livelihood diversification strategies, extreme weather events, and household welfare using a unique dataset that integrates harmonized, national representative household surveys and geo-referenced climatic information collected in Malawi, Niger and Zambia. In doing so, the paper addresses the potential endogeneity arising from the selection bias and the heterogeneity of the effect across the quantiles of the income distribution....
Topics: Climate change, Diversification, Impact, Livelihood strategy, SSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pin Wang; Tangao Hu; Feng Kong; Junfeng Xu; Dengrong Zhang
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Extreme cold events have always been great threats to the major rice-cultivation areas across China. The spatial pattern of rice exposure to cold stress (ECS) is critical to develop countrywide adaptation strategies. Under climate change, whether and how ECS spatial pattern has changed? These answers are urgently required for adaptation optimization, but regrettably remain unclear. Here, we examined the changes in rice-planted area exposed to cold stress across mainland China, and historical...
Topics: China, Climate change, Cold stress, Geographical centroid, Rice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Azra Alikadic; Ilaria Pertot; Emanuele Eccel; Claudia Dolci; Amelia Caffarra; Riccardo De Filippi; Cesare Furlanello
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Simulations of the effect of climate change on the phenology of grapevines indicate shorter growing seasons, earlier occurrences of phases and shorter phase duration in the future. The impact varies depending on the geo-localization of the studied region and its microclimate. The objective of this study is to further understand the impact of climate change on grapevine phenology by studying the role of varieties and microclimates through a regional assessment carried out in two future periods...
Topics: Climate change, Grapevine, Micro climate, Modelling, Phenology, Vine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhifu Mi; Vincent Viguié; Neil Fromer; Yutao Wang
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Cities, the core of the global climate change mitigation and strategic low-carbon development, are shelters to more than half of the world population and responsible for three quarters of global energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG). This special volume (SV) provides a platform that promotes multi- and inter- disciplinary analyses and discussions on the climate change mitigation for cities. All papers are divided into four themes, including GHG emission inventory and accounting, climate...
Topics: City, Climate change, Emission inventory, Mitigation, Sustainable development
Variation in water temperature can have important effects on the energetics underlying metabolism, growth, and reproduction of many organisms. In order to anticipate how a species' allocation of energy may change in a warming ocean, we need to know the degree to which processes such as metabolic rate change with temperature (i.e., the thermal sensitivity of metabolism, Q10). In the context of long-term climate change, it will also be helpful to know whether local populations that experience...
Topics: Biogeography, Climate change, Metabolism, Oxygen consumption, Thermal sensitivity
The beneficial effects of nut consumption on human health have been largely confirmed. However, these benefits are variable as a wide range of factors have main influence on the nutritional composition of nuts. This is the case of the specific cultivar considered, as different almond, pistachio and walnut cultivars produce nuts with differentiated composition. Still, there are factors beyond cultivar effect that need to be further analysed. This is the case of weather conditions during nut...
Topics: Almond, Climate change, Crop year, Nutrition, Pistachio, Walnut
This article uses a governmentality perspective to uncover the power effects of the external climate change adaptation assistance provided by the European Union (EU) through its flagship initiative in this regard: the Global Climate Change Alliance. By drawing upon a body of literature that conceptualizes the established international architecture in this regard as rooted in power relations, this article opens up our current perspective of the EU as an international climate actor. An analysis...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Development cooperation, European Union, Governmentality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A balanced panel of 103 countries for the period 1995–2011 is introduced into a metafrontier framework to gain insight into the idiosyncratic performance of countries in two distinct groups — developed (Annex I) countries and developing (non-Annex I) countries. We measure efficiency using a generalized directional distance function model suitable for dealing with anthropogenic emissions. The measurement of efficiency and technology gaps takes into account the group-specific heterogeneity....
Topics: Efficiency, Environment and climate change, Metafrontier, Technology gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christian Weibel; Timo Ohnmacht; Dorothea Schaffner; Katharina Kossmann
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The aim of this study is to identify the factors involved in reducing meat consumption. Meat consumption is a major contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thus to climate change. Since meat consumption is a voluntary form of behavior, and since only 1.4 percent of the Swiss population are strict vegetarians, there is considerable potential for behavioral change. We propose an integrated and dynamic model based on a theory of planned behavior and a phase model of behavioral change to...
Topics: Behavioral change, Climate change, Meat consumption, Phase models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maia Call; Clark Gray; Pamela Jagger
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Recent research suggests that sub-Saharan Africa will be among the regions most affected by the negative social and biophysical ramifications of climate change. Smallholders are expected to respond to rising temperatures and precipitation anomalies through on-farm management strategies and diversification into off-farm activities. However, few studies have empirically examined the relationship between climate anomalies and rural livelihoods. Our research explores the impact of climate anomalies...
Topics: Climate change, Rural livelihoods, Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The reference evapotranspiration (ET 0 ) has decreased over most of China under climate change over the past few decades, especially before the 1990s, which significantly affects the agricultural water requirements. In this study, the recent tendency of ET 0 over China was determined and the issues of what causes this tendency and how this tendency would affect agricultural water demand were discussed. First, we evaluate ET 0 (consisting of the aerodynamic term ET 0_a and the radiative term ET...
Topics: Climate change, Reference evapotranspiration, Sensitivity analysis, Spatiotemporal characteristics
Climate change and human activities are considered to be the main drivers of runoff changes. Assessing their contributions is important for maintaining the integrity of the water cycle process and promoting the healthy management of water resources. But the contributions of these two factors in the Beichuan River Basin remain unclear. In this study, hydrological and meteorological data from six sub-basins (Niuchang, Xiamen, Heilin, Qiaotou, Dongxia, and Chaoyang) during 1961–2013 were studied...
Topics: Beichuan River basin, Climate change, Human activities, Runoff
Multi-model ensemble climate projections in combination with crop models are increasingly used to assess the impact of future climate change on agricultural systems. In this study, we used a biophysical process-oriented CERES-Rice crop model driven by downscaled future climate data from 28 Global Climate Models (GCMs) under two emissions scenarios: representative concentration pathway (RCP) 4.5 and RCP8.5, for phase five of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) to project the...
Topics: Future climate change, Impact, Northeast China, Rice, Yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yeliz Simsek; Álvaro Lorca; Tania Urmee; Parisa A. Bahri; Rodrigo Escobar
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In recent years, the Chilean energy sector has gone through a significant transformation. Chile ratified the Paris Agreement in 2017 and committed to develop policies to face climate change and to transition to a more sustainable energy system. Promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency became an essential strategy for Chile to reduce emissions and reach its energy and environmental goals, which are addressed in various governmental studies. Further, Chile became successful in promoting...
Topics: Chile, Climate Change, Energy Policy, Sustainable Energy Planning
This paper builds on the literature on green grabbing. It makes a fresh contribution by bringing in aspects of green grabbing that are less visible and obvious. These are subtle, fluid and indirect interconnections between climate change politics and land grabs. It is difficult to see these interconnections from an ‘either black or white’ perspective. It is likely that the extent of this ‘grey area’ intersection in terms of affected social relations, nature and land use change is quite...
Topics: Agrarian climate justice, Climate change politics, Land grabbing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rodrigo Soares Ramos; Lalit Kumar; Farzin Shabani; Marcelo Coutinho Picanço
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Species distribution models (SDMs) are valuable for the information they provide to reduce the potential negative effects of climatic factors on agricultural production systems. Such information may be used to prevent the entry and spread of invasive species in new areas, as well as to monitor regions with current occurrence. This is the first study of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) global distribution, focusing on the risk of this disease in areas projected to be suitable for open field...
Topics: Begomovirus, Bemisia tabaci, Climate change, MaxEnt, Modeling, Tomato
With increasing evidences of climate change affecting coastal waters, there is a strong need to understand future climate conditions and assess the potential responses of delicate coastal ecosystems. Results of climate change studies based on only one GCM-RCM combination should be interpreted with caution as results are highly dependent on the assumptions of the selected combination. In this study we examined the uncertainty in the hydrological and ecological parameters of the Zero river basin...
Topics: AQUATOX, Climate change, Hydrology, Phytoplankton, SWAT, Uncertainty analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The effects of ionizing radiation on living beings have been studied under lab conditions and in the field. The first approach may often lack in realism, while the second may lack rigorous experimental approaches. Because ionizing radiation may interact with other stressors such as heavy metals and climatic conditions, it is difficult to assess the independent effects of such different factors. We conducted extensive breeding bird surveys at Fukushima during 2011–2017 and related the...
Topics: Breeding bird survey, Climate change, Fukushima, Ionizing radiation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amalia M. Harrington; M. Scarlett Tudor; Helen R. Reese; Deborah A. Bouchard; Heather J. Hamlin
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The American lobster supports the most economically valuable fishery in the Gulf of Maine and Atlantic Canada. Across much of its range, ocean temperatures have increased at rates faster than almost anywhere in the world. Studies of warming effects on larvae have largely focused on survival and development, but rarely have examined sub-lethal effects that could influence settlement and subsequent recruitment to the fishery. We explored how warming influences rate of development, survival,...
Topics: Climate change, Fluctuating asymmetry, Hemocytes, Homarus americanus, Physiology
In West Africa, most palaeoenvironmental studies have focused on the role of climatic change on the environment. Because of the richness of its deposits, the Yamé River (Mali), a tributary of the Niger River, offers an opportunity to reconstruct the evolution of this fluvial system in comparison with both climatic and anthropogenic changes during the Late Holocene. To investigate more closely the spatio-temporal response of the fluvial system, sedimentary analyses were conducted on seven...
Topics: Climate change, Fluvial system, Human impact, West Africa