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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael Xiaoliang Tong; Alana Hansen; Scott Hanson-Easey; Jianjun Xiang; Scott Cameron; Qiyong Liu; Yehuan Sun; Philip Weinstein; Gil Soo Han; Peng Bi
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Objectives: Infectious diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in China. The capacity of hospitals to deal with the challenge from emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases due to climate change is of great importance to population health. This study aimed to explore the capacity of hospitals in China to deal with such challenges. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was utilized to gauge information regarding capacity of hospitals to deal with infectious diseases in...
Topics: China, Climate change, Clinical professionals, Hospital capacity, Infectious diseases
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allyson Williams; Shahbaz Mushtaq; Louis Kouadio; Brendan Power; Torben Marcussen; David McRae; Geoff Cockfield
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Modelling cotton production at the farm-scale provides insight into the importance of water management options in adapting to climate change, especially given the renewed focus of government policies on irrigation water access and allocations. Using an irrigated cotton farm in southern Queensland as a case study, we investigated two possible adaptation strategies in response to changes in water resources from projected climate change (CSIRO Mk3.5, A1FI scenario). The modelled farm produced...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change policy, Cotton, Farming systems
Climate change is one of the most serious issues to affect modern society. What originated as a scientific question has evolved into a complex political and social issue. The policy context recognises the pivotal role of education in encouraging effective engagement and behavioural responses to projected climate changes. It is relatively easy to nod assent to the principles of climate change education and engagement, but harder to deliver. This paper explores experiences of educating and...
Topics: Climate Change Engagement, Climate change education, Education framework
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As a central reference point for policy makers, the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) recognises the value of place-based studies. Yet, tenets of generalisation and replicability dominate the organisation, and influence policy development globally. There is a growing concern that these are not conducive to building effective policy interventions that adequately accommodate local needs. This study uses a living with approach to explore how change and development was experienced...
Topics: Climate Change, Climate Change Policy, Globalisation, IPCC, ‘Living With’
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Walter Leal Filho; Edward A. Morgan; Jean Hugé; Eric S. Godoy; Ulisses M. Azeiteiro; Paula Bacelar-Nicolau; Lucas Veiga Ávila; Claudia Mac-Lean
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Many universities around the world have been active centres of climate change research. However, there are a number of barriers to climate change research, stemming both from the nature of the research and the structure of institutions. This paper offers an overview of the barriers which hinder the handling of matters related to climate change at institutions of higher education (IHEs), and reports on an empirical study to investigate these barriers using a global survey of higher education...
Topics: Climate change research, Climate change teaching, Higher education, Research, Universities
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher Severen; Christopher Costello; Olivier Deschênes
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The hedonic pricing method is one of the main approaches used to estimate the economic value of attributes that affect the market price of an asset. This method is routinely used in environmental economics to derive the economic valuation of environmental attributes such as air pollution and water quality. For example, the “Ricardian approach” is based on a hedonic regression of land values on historical climate variables. Forecasts of future climate can then be employed to estimate the...
Topics: Agricultural land prices, Climate change, Climate change and agriculture, Climate change forecasts,...
The Nordic countries’ agricultural sector is potentially considered both a winner and loser in relation to climate change. With effective adaptation management, climate change could lead to increased agricultural productivity. Yet if concurrent challenges are left unaddressed, productivity losses may impede gains. Thus, adaptation to climate change is key both to avoid negative consequences and to benefit from opportunities. This paper conducts the first systematic literature review of...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Climate change, Climate change impacts, Crop production, Nordic
Dry land ecosystems including Combretum-Terminalia vegetation cover a wider area in the tropics. These resources are believed to greatly contribute for climate change mitigation in dry land ecosystems. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate biomass and soil carbon stocks of Combretum-Terminalia vegetation along the elevation ranges. A total of 60 nested sample plots of 20 m × 20 m were laid systematically along lower, middle and higher elevation ranges, representing 20 plots...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Tropics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andreas Karpf; Antoine Mandel; Stefano Battiston
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This paper presents an analysis of the European Emission Trading System as a transaction network. It is shown that, given the lack of well-identified trading institutions, industrial actors had to resort to local connections and financial intermediaries to participate in the market. This gave rise to a hierarchical structure in the transaction network. It is then shown that the asymmetries in the network induced market inefficiencies (e.g., increased bid-ask spread) and informational...
Topics: Climate change, Microstructure, Network
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kelli M. Archie; Ralph Chapman; Stephen Flood
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This paper investigates climate change adaptation and mitigation planning responses of New Zealand communities, using an online survey of local elected representatives. Climate change is affecting New Zealand through changes in precipitation patterns, increases in temperature, changes to the frequency and duration of droughts, sea level rise, and the increased occurrence of extreme events. These impacts highlight the vulnerability of key economic activities, communities, and infrastructure. As...
Topic: Perceptions of climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julia Drewes; Stella Moreiras; Oliver Korup
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Rock glaciers are permafrost or glacial landforms of debris and ice that deform under the influence of gravity. Recent estimates hold that, in the semiarid Chilean Andes for example, active rock glaciers store more water than glaciers. However, little is known about how many rock glaciers might decay because of global warming and how much this decay might contribute to water and sediment release. We investigated an inventory of >6500 rock glaciers in the Argentinian Andes, spanning the...
Topics: Argentina, Climate change, Permafrost
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Castells-Quintana; Maria del Pilar Lopez-Uribe; Thomas K.J. McDermott
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This paper looks at adaptation to climate change from the point of view of (poor) households. Since the development literature has firmly established the role of weather risk as a source of income volatility for the poor, and climate change is expected to increase this risk, we review the range of risk-coping mechanisms available to poorer households, with a focus on possible barriers to adaptation. We ask both how government interventions affect the set of options available for adaptation and...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anna Lehtonen; Arto Salonen; Hannele Cantell; Laura Riuttanen
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Climate change is a wicked problem of our time. It is a phenomenon that is difficult to combat with prevailing ways of thinking and behaving related to a modern understanding of humanity and education. In this article, the challenges of sustainability education are explored from the theoretical perspective of modern dichotomies. The article argues that to combat wicked problems of sustainability, awareness of interconnectedness is vital. In order to increase the understanding of what kind of...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change education, Interconnectedness, Modern dichotomies, Sustainability...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Crop models can be used for predicting climate change impacts and exploring adaptation strategies, but their suitability for such tasks needs to be assessed. Although the DSSAT-Canegro model has been used widely for climate impact studies, some shortcomings have been revealed. The objectives were to improve and evaluate the capability of DSSAT-Canegro to predict crop responses to climate change. Model changes included improved simulation of elevated temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration...
Topics: Climate change, Evapotranspiration, Respiration, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jae Young Lee; Hayoung Choi; Ho Kim
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The heterogeneity among previous studies of future mortality projections due to climate change has often hindered comparisons and syntheses of resulting impacts. To address this challenge, the present study introduced a novel method to normalize the results from projection studies according to different baseline and projection periods and climate scenarios, thereby facilitating comparison and synthesis. This study reviewed the 15 previous studies involving projected climate change-related...
Topics: Climate change, Heterogeneity, Mortality, Normalization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benjamin Crost; Claire Duquennois; Joseph H. Felter; Daniel I. Rees
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Using unique data on conflict-related incidents in the Philippines, we exploit seasonal variation in the relationship between rainfall and agricultural production to learn about the mechanism through which rainfall affects civil conflict. We find that an increase in dry-season rainfall leads to an increase in agricultural production and dampens conflict intensity. By contrast, an increase in wet-season rainfall is harmful to crops and produces more conflict. Consistent with the hypothesis that...
Topics: Civil conflict, Climate change, Rainfall
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pamela T. Muñoz; José Bonomi Barufi; Leonardo Rörig; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Paulo Antunes Horta
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Combined effect of acidification and sea warming derived from future conditions of Climate Change have been little investigated in marine photoautotrophs, especially on sensitive organisms such as calcifying macroalgae. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the interactive effects of acidification and increased temperatures on the two Brazilian calcifying macroalgae Lithothamnion crispatum and Sonderophycus capensis. Both species were cultured for 48 h under: (1) current pH (7.8 ± 0.2)...
Topics: Acidification, Climate change, Macroalgae, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nazan Koluman Darcan; Nissim Silanikove
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The economic importance of goat production has been increased during the last decades all over the world, predominantly in countries that are routinely exposed to harsh environment. Goats have numerous advantages that enable them to maintain their production under extreme climate conditions. Principally, goats have higher capacity than other farm raised ruminants to effectively convert some feed sources into milk and meat. In addition, goats emit less methane than other domestic ruminants....
Topics: Adaptation, Advantages, Climate change, Goat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lei Zhong; Saman Bowatte; Paul C.D. Newton; Coby J. Hoogendoorn; Dongwen Luo
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Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is an important greenhouse gas and emissions of N 2 O have been shown to increase under elevated CO 2 (eCO 2 ) resulting in a positive feedback on climate change. CO 2 -driven increases under grassland have often been associated with greater N 2 O emitted during denitrification. We examined the soils from a Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment (FACE) experiment on grassland on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand that had received long-term exposure to elevated...
Topics: Climate change, FACE, Nitrous oxide
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jacob Bedford; David Johns; Simon Greenstreet; Abigail McQuatters-Gollop
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The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) uses an indicator-based approach for ecosystem assessment; indicators of the state of ecosystem components ('state indicators’) are used to determine whether, or not, these ecosystem components are at ‘Good Environmental Status’ relative to prevailing oceanographic conditions. Here, it is illustrated that metrics of change in plankton communities frequently provide indications of changing prevailing oceanographic conditions. Plankton...
Topics: Assessment, Climate change, Ecosystem approach
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael T. Craig; Stuart Cohen; Jordan Macknick; Caroline Draxl; Omar J. Guerra; Manajit Sengupta; Sue Ellen Haupt; Bri Mathias Hodge; Carlo Brancucci
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Climate change might impact various components of the bulk electric power system, including electricity demand; transmission; and thermal, hydropower, wind, and solar generators. Most research in this area quantifies impacts on one or a few components and does not link these impacts to effects on power system planning and operations. Here, we advance the understanding of how climate change might impact the bulk U.S. power system in three ways. First, we synthesize recent research to capture...
Topics: Climate change, Climate change impacts, Power system, Power system operations, Power system planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Mark R. Nissenbaum; Thomas M. Rickenbach
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As the earth warms, it is unclear how the organization of precipitation will change, or how these changes will impact regional rainfall and the hydrological cycle. This study combines Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model simulations and the pseudo global warming downscaling approach with a precipitation feature identification algorithm to help improve our understanding of the effect of warming on precipitation organization. The WRF model was used to simulate precipitation during a...
Topics: Climate change, Regional climate modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joshua Busby; Todd G. Smith; Nisha Krishnan; Charles Wight; Santiago Vallejo-Gutierrez
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Asian countries have among the highest numbers of people exposed to the impacts of climate-related hazards and, thus, at greatest risk of mass death. Floods, droughts, and storms have always tested civilian governments and international humanitarian aid agencies. However, climate change threatens to make the problem worse by increasing the intensity and possibly the frequency of climate-related hazards. Humanitarian emergencies potentially upend and reverse progress on development priorities,...
Topics: Adaptation, Asia, Climate change, Vulnerability
This study examined how utilizing different frames to contextualize negative impacts of power plant emissions influenced belief in those impacts and support for policies to regulate emissions. Using a U.S. national YouGov sample (n = 1000), we examined how discussing emissions in terms of climate change or air pollution, and in terms of health or environmental impacts, influenced individuals with different partisan affiliations. The analysis utilized a moderated-mediation model, with belief in...
Topics: Climate change, Framing, Public opinion
Government seeks to manage public protected areas, such as national parks, to conserve high-quality wildlife habitats and provide essential ecosystems services at risk of permanent damage or extinction from climate change. The complexity of the organizational structure required to deliver this breadth of functions, coupled to uncertainty surrounding the onset and severity of climate impacts at local scale, impedes planning for climate change. This paper describes the development of an...
Topics: "Adaptation, risk management, planning, Climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yiyun Yan; Qingsong Guan; Min Wang; Xiaoling Su; Gaojie Wu; Penchi Chiang; Wenzhi Cao
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The Jiulong River watershed (JRW) in southeast China includes livestock breeding and agriculture, leading to large amounts of non-point source pollution. Nitrogen (N) reductions were simulated and mapped using the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) under scenarios that were built considered both constructed wetlands (CWs) and climate change, which are not common in the literature on ecosystem services assessments. The results showed that the amount of N exported...
Topics: Climate change, Constructed wetland, Nitrogen reduction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carina J. Gronlund; Kyle P. Sullivan; Yonathan Kefelegn; Lorraine Cameron; Marie S. O'Neill
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Cold and hot weather are associated with mortality and morbidity. Although the burden of temperature-associated mortality may shift towards high temperatures in the future, cold temperatures may represent a greater current-day problem in temperate cities. Hot and cold temperature vulnerabilities may coincide across several personal and neighborhood characteristics, suggesting opportunities for increasing present and future resilience to extreme temperatures. We present a narrative literature...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Housing, Neighborhoods, Weather
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Keyvan Malek; Jennifer C. Adam; Claudio O. Stöckle; R. Troy Peters
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Irrigation efficiency plays an important role in agricultural productivity; it affects farm-scale water demand, and the partitioning of irrigation losses into evaporative and non-evaporative components. This partitioning determines return flow generation and thus affects water availability. Over the last two decades, hydrologic and agricultural research communities have significantly improved our understanding of the impacts of climate change on water availability and food productivity....
Topics: Agriculture, Climate change, Hydrology, Irrigation, Model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Regional Climate Models (RCMs) generate past and future climate simulations that serve as input for subsequent modelling of impact projections. The most recent coordinated regional climate modelling initiative, CORDEX, provides RCM data for Europe with increased spatial resolution (12.5 km for the CORDEX EUR-11 ensemble) and based on the new Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). RCM data from the previous initiative ENSEMBLES had a spatial resolution of 25 km and was based on the SRES...
Topics: CORDEX, Climate change impact, Danube, ENSEMBLES
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cinthia Soto Golcher; Bas Arts; Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers
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As the climate change problem becomes more eminent, there is more pressure to increase efforts in all sectors and countries. The land-use sector is seen as an option to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and key in achieving a balance in GHG emissions and removals by sinks by 2050, as envisioned in the Paris Agreement. This article presents two comparative case studies within the climate change arena and aims to understand how and why: 1) tropical deforestation and forest degradation have...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate change, Food, Framing, REDD+
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marco Letta; Pierluigi Montalbano; Richard S.J. Tol
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Using the LSMS-ISA Tanzania National Panel Survey by the World Bank, we study the relationship between rural household consumption growth and temperature shocks over the period 2008–2013. Temperature shocks have a negative and significant impact on household growth if their initial consumption lies below a critical threshold. As such, temperature shocks slow income convergence among households, at least in the short run. Crop yields and total factor productivity in agriculture are the main...
Topics: Climate change, Rural development, Weather shocks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexandre K. Magnan; Virginie K.E. Duvat
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The study of recent past trajectories of vulnerability to climate-related hazards allows for highlighting the prevailing environmental and anthropogenic drivers that operated over the last fifty to sixty years and given latency phenomena in social systems, therefore have the potential to continue driving a system's vulnerability in the coming decades. Stop or even reverse these trends represents as much unavoidable solutions for enhancing concrete long-term adaptation to climate change,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Small islands, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gernot Wagner; Martin L. Weitzman
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Equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS), the link between concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and eventual global average temperatures, has been persistently and perhaps deeply uncertain. Its ‘likely’ range has been approximately between 1.5 and 4.5 degrees Centigrade for almost 40 years (Wagner and Weitzman, 2015). Moreover, Roe and Baker (2007), Weitzman (2009), and others have argued that its right-hand tail may be long, ‘fat’ even. Enter Cox et al. (2018), who use an...
Topics: Climate change, Climate sensitivity, Fat tails
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zumar M.A. Bundhoo; Kalim U. Shah; Dinesh Surroop
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One of the most discernible impacts of climate change is the increasing severity and unpredictability of extreme weather conditions. Small island developing states are particularly vulnerable to these conditions, with one of the impacts being on energy supplies due to damaging energy infrastructure, resulting in power outages and economic losses. Drawing on resilience theory to frame the discourse, we present an updated overview of how island energy infrastructures have been and continue to be...
Topics: Climate change, Energy infrastructure, Energy policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elzbieta M. Bitner-Gregersen; Erik Vanem; Odin Gramstad; Torfinn Hørte; Ole Johan Aarnes; Magnar Reistad; Anne Karin Magnusson; Bent Natvig
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The paper addresses projected changes of wave climate in the North Atlantic and their impact on the safe design of ships, with a particular focus given on associated uncertainties. The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) uses four scenarios for future greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere called Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP). Two of these scenarios are applied to investigate how sensitive the future North Atlantic wave climate...
Topics: Climate change, Ship design, Uncertainties, Waves
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Antonio GM La Viña; Joyce Melcar Tan; Teresa Ira Maris Guanzon; Mary Jean Caleda; Lawrence Ang
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Nearly a decade after the Philippines began promoting renewable energy through legislation, the country has seen gains and encountered roadblocks in its transition to low carbon. This paper examines the Philippines’ experience in attempting to escape conditions of lock-in and path dependency on fossil fuels, and attempting a governed transition to low-carbon energy sources. The Philippines is a developing country with substantial economic growth aspirations, yet it is among the most...
Topics: Climate change, Energy transition, Philippines, Trilemma
The Australian electricity industry has found itself the subject of an intense political debate. At the center is the role of coal-fired generation. The most economic form of new generation technology in Australia is wind on a levelized cost of energy (LCOE) basis. However, new wind generation must be ‘firmed’ to address variability in output. The analysis in this article finds the optimal plant mix will need to be increasingly ‘flexible’ to complement variable renewables.
Topics: Climate change, Electricity markets, Renewable generation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To prevent soil erosion and improve ecological environment over the Loess Plateau, the Chinese Government implemented a large scale ecological restoration (ER) in the past decades. ER activities have successfully reduced soil erosion and expanded vegetation, and also changed the water-energy balance, which would alter the hydrological dryness conditions. Knowledge of the impacts of land surface changes on hydrological dryness is essential for ER-related policy making and management. However, so...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Ecohydorology, Ecological restoration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Walter Leal Filho; Miriam Murambadoro; Julia Mambo; Habitamu Taddese; Gustavo J. Nagy; Hubert Fudjumdjum; Paschal Mugabe
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Africa is one of the most vulnerable regions in respect of climate change. As the African continent struggles to adapt to climate change, a variety of measures are being pursued to alleviate the resultant pressures on people, properties and their livelihoods in several African cities. Collectively, they show that climate change adaptation in Africa is not as hopeless as widely claimed, and that there are some promising prospects. The literature shows a deficiency on studies which examine the...
Topics: Adaptation, Africa, Cities, Climate-change, Policies
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study explored the consequences for long-term projections and impact analysis of the uncertainty in model parameters and initial conditions. Using the Global Forest Products Model, multiple replications of projections were carried out with parameters or initial condition data sampled randomly from their assumed distribution. The results showed that parameter uncertainty led to uncertainty of the projections increasing steadily with the time horizon, and more rapidly than the uncertainty...
Topics: Climate change, Forest sector models, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tobias Schneider; Henrietta Hampel; Pablo V. Mosquera; Wojciech Tylmann; Martin Grosjean
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Information about decadal to millennial variability of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is fundamental for the assessment of ENSO responses to natural and anthropogenic forcings. Despite a growing number of ENSO reconstructions, the overall picture of Holocene ENSO variability is inconsistent. Here, we revisit the iconic Holocene ENSO sediment record of Lake Pallcacocha, Ecuador (Rodbell et al., 1999). We asked: (i) How coherent are the records of clastic layers (flood layers) in the...
Topics: Andes, Climate change, ENSO, Holocene, Paleolimnology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tien Dung Khong; Michael D. Young; Adam Loch; Jayanthi Thennakoon
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Sea level rise and upstream development is causing salinity intrusion in Vietnam's Mekong River Delta (MRD) and, as a consequence, agricultural productivity is declining. As the Vietnamese government and local communities search for a solution, it has become apparent that there are insufficient public resources to build the dykes necessary to control this problem. So, we employ a referendum contingent valuation methodology (CVM) to determine whether or not farm households might be willing to...
Topics: Climate change, Referendum, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rebecca L. Mau; Paul Dijkstra; Egbert Schwartz; Benjamin J. Koch; Bruce A. Hungate
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Soil contains the largest terrestrial pool of carbon (C), but how this pool will be affected by global change remains unknown. Warmer temperatures generally increase soil respiration, while additional C inputs from plants to soil can increase or decrease soil C decomposition rates through a phenomenon known as priming. Priming occurs when soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition rates change in response to a fresh substrate, though the mechanisms underlying priming are poorly understood. Here,...
Topics: Climate change, Priming, SOM decomposition, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wei Xie; Jikun Huang; Jinxia Wang; Qi Cui; Ricky Robertson; Kevin Chen
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China's food security has been facing several challenges, which are likely to be worsened due to climate change. The purpose of this paper is to provide an evidence on the impacts of climate change on China's agriculture, with particular attention to the market and trade responses. Using projected crop yield changes for China and its’ main trading partners under changing climate, we employ an agricultural partial equilibrium model (CAPSiM) and a linked national and global equilibrium model...
Topics: Climate change, Food security, Market, Trade
The ambitious goals to limit global warming can only be reached with a broad acceptance and participation of the general public. This paper relies on surveys among citizens in China, Germany and the U.S. and investigates the determinants of the acceptance of national and international adaptation and mitigation efforts. The empirical findings indicate that specific beliefs and environmental awareness are important drivers in all three countries, while political attitudes and socio-economic...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Mitigation, Policy preferences
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael P. Hall; Neil A. Lewis; Phoebe C. Ellsworth
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We conducted a one-year longitudinal study in which 600 American adults regularly reported their climate change beliefs, pro-environmental behavior, and other climate-change related measures. Using latent class analyses, we uncovered three clusters of Americans with distinct climate belief trajectories: (1) the “Skeptical,” who believed least in climate change; (2) the “Cautiously Worried,” who had moderate beliefs in climate change; and (3) the “Highly Concerned,” who had the...
Topics: Behavior, Beliefs, Climate change, Cluster analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental preservation, Nature exposure
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenlu Li; Yongmei Lu; Jianing Liu; Xiaoxu Wu
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Dengue Fever (DF) has become one of the most serious infectious diseases in China. Dengue virus and its vector (Aedes mosquito) are known to be sensitive to climate condition. Climate impacts DF through affecting three essential bioecological aspects: DF virus, vector (mosquito) and DF transmission environment. Weather-based DF model, mosquito model and climate model are the three pillars to help the prediction of DF distribution. Through a systematic review of literature between 1980 and 2017,...
Topics: China, Climate change, Dengue fever, Projection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David R. Butler
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The Anthropocene embodies the concept of human impacts on the natural environment, but disagreements exist as to when to identify its inception/starting date. In this paper I illustrate that regardless of the proposed starting date of the Anthropocene, important zoogeomorphic impacts were initiated at each of these proposed starting dates. Humans have profoundly altered geomorphic pathways through extinctions and the near-extirpation of native populations of animal species that strongly...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Exotic species, Zoogeomorphology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Linda Westman; Vanesa Castán Broto
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Partnerships emerge as part of an environmental governance paradigm shift towards less hierarchical, more collaborative, and non-regulative steering arrangements. This paper examines the prevalence of partnerships in environmental governance on an urban level in a semi-authoritarian setting, by exploring climate initiatives in cities in China. The paper presents exploratory qualitative analysis of governance in urban China through analysis of a database of 150 climate initiatives in 15 cities,...
Topics: China, Cities, Climate change, Governance, Partnerships
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mingxi Shen; Jie Chen; Meijia Zhuan; Hua Chen; Chong Yu Xu; Lihua Xiong
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Uncertainty estimation of climate change impacts on hydrology has received much attention in the research community. The choice of a global climate model (GCM) is usually considered as the largest contributor to the uncertainty of climate change impacts. The temporal variation of GCM uncertainty needs to be investigated for making long-term decisions to deal with climate change. Accordingly, this study investigated the temporal variation (mainly long-term) of uncertainty related to the choice...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrology, Temporal variation, Uncertainty
Flow in a karst system in Lebanon (Important water supply source; Assal Spring; discharge 0.2–2.5 m3/s yearly volume of 22–30 Mm3), which is dominated by snow and semi-arid conditions, was simulated using an integrated numerical model (Mike She, 2016). The calibrated model (Nash–Sutcliffe coefficient of 0.77) is based on high resolution input data (2014–2017) and detailed catchment characterization. A sensitivity analysis of individual climatic parameters shows that spring hydrograph...
Topics: Climate change, Integrated numerical modelling, Karst
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lisa Groshong; Sonja Wilhelm Stanis; Mark Morgan
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Frequent visitors to natural areas may be more receptive to climate change messages and more likely to act on their environmental values. To aid in developing targeted communication strategies, this exploratory study assessed how engaged state park users perceive climate change impacts and what they view as the agency role in climate change mitigation, education, and communication. Photo elicitation and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 members of the Missouri Parks Association...
Topics: Climate change, Photo elicitation, State parks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The environmental and economic sustainability of future cropping systems depends on adaptation to climate change. Adaptation studies commonly rely on agricultural systems models to integrate multiple components of production systems such as crops, weather, soil and farmers' management decisions. Previous adaptation studies have mostly focused on isolated monocultures. However, in many agricultural regions worldwide, multi-crop rotations better represent local production systems. It is unclear...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Crop rotations, Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Felix Op de Hipt; Bernd Diekkrüger; Gero Steup; Yacouba Yira; Michael Rode
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Soil erosion is recognized as one main reason for soil degradation in West Africa. However, predictions on the impact of climate change on soil erosion are rare for most West African countries including Burkina Faso. This study assesses the impact of climate change on water resources and soil erosion in a small catchment (126 km 2 ) in southwestern Burkina Faso. Climate data from an ensemble of six regional (RCM) and global (GCM) climate models were used to run the physically based spatially...
Topics: Climate change, Erosion modeling, Hydrological modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The concept of adaptation constraints has become well known in the climate change literature. It describes impediments to the process of adaptation that could in principle be overcome but often are not. Many adaptation constraints have been identified and described in the literature across a wide range of contexts, and the importance of their influence on climate change adaptation is clear. However most studies have focussed on describing constraints rather than exploring their origins,...
Topics: Adaptation deficit, Adaptive capacity, Climate change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marco Buso; Anne Stenger
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The negative impacts of climate change on the environment and economic activities are increasingly obvious and relevant. Private response to this threat often proves to be inadequate. For example, empirical evidence reveals a sub-optimal investment by firms in energy efficiency projects capable of reducing energy costs and CO2 emissions, as well as adaptation projects able to reduce the vulnerability of the ecosystem. On the other hand, past public programs that provided financial subsidies to...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Public-private partnership
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Whether China can slow the growth of emissions of greenhouse gases and ultimately reduce them has become a central question for climate mitigation. In previous research on India, we developed a theoretical framework to assess the structural characteristics of different sectors and identify which ones were most amenable to mitigation. In this article, we extend that approach to China and review the nine sectors responsible for most of the country's emissions. These include electricity...
Topics: China, Climate change, Mitigation, Political feasibility
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coastal lakes, also known as temporarily open/closed estuaries or intermittently closed and open lakes and lagoons, are common worldwide, are typically sites of high biodiversity and often contain abundant macrophyte populations. Anthropogenic stressors such as increased nutrient and sediment loading have adverse effects on submerged macrophytes, and when closed, the lack of tidal flushing makes coastal lakes highly susceptible to eutrophication. Lake openings to the sea may occur naturally,...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, ICOLL, Macrophytes, Ruppia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Modeste Kameni Nematchoua; Paola Ricciardi; José A. Orosa; Cinzia Buratti
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Climate change continues to remain the main concern of all nations, and the adverse effects of this problem are enormous. This research was aimed to study the variation of outdoor climate in some regions of Madagascar, and also the assessment of impacts and vulnerabilities related to global warming. Toward this end, the daily data relating to the last 44 years have been studied. A first analyse has been carried out with several GCMs models, and scenarios(A2, A1B and B1), then RCM models...
Topics: Climate change, Detailed study, Madagascar, Vulnerability
The European Union launched a set of policies as part of its 2020 climate and energy package aimed at meeting its 20/20/20 headline targets for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. This paper evaluates how successful new-to-the-market climate change mitigation technologies (CCMT) are in helping EU member states (MS) reach these goals and, furthermore, whether there are differences between sectors subject to EU-wide polices. To do so, we relate CCMT patent counts to two specific headline...
Topics: Climate Change, Environmental Policy, Technology Change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Khatab Abdalla; Macdex Mutema; Pauline Chivenge; Colin Everson; Vincent Chaplot
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Grassland degradation reduces net primary production and, subsequently, soil fertility and soil organic carbon stocks (SOCs); however, little is known about its impact on soil CO2 emissions, particularly the emissions relative to SOCs and biomass produced. The main objective of this study, performed in KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa, was to quantify the impact of grass basal cover, as main indicator of grassland degradation, on soil CO2 emissions. The soil CO2 emissions were measured...
Topics: Carbon output, Climate change, Soil respiration
Multiple forms and spaces of energy are enrolled in nation-building projects. In this cross-disciplinary paper, we outline how struggles to govern the relations between climate and the human body have shaped nation-building efforts and electricity infrastructure in the settler-colonial society of Australia. Focused on Australia's tropical zone, notably the hot, recalcitrant, militarized region of the Northern Territory, we explore how questions of climate have slowed, undone and accelerated...
Topics: Australia, Climate change, Heat, Settlement, Tropics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The photodegradation kinetics of the neonicotinoid insecticide acetamiprid (ACT) was investigated under different conditions of pH, salinity and dissolved organic matter (DOM). Photodegradation of ACT in saline and freshwaters followed pseudo-first-order kinetics. Varying pH from 5 to 9 did not significantly affect the photodegradation rate constants (k p ) of ACT. Addition of chloride ions increased significantly the value of k p . In the presence of AHA, 10 mg L −1 , k p was reduced to...
Topics: Climate change, DOM, Neonicotinoids, Photolysis, Salinity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rebecca Bartley; Chris Thompson; Jacky Croke; Tim Pietsch; Kate Hughes; Anne Kinsey-Henderson
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Sediment runoff has been cited as a major contributor to the declining health of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), however, climate and land use drivers have not been jointly evaluated. This study used alluvial archives from fluvial benches in two tributaries of the Upper Burdekin catchment together with the best available land use history and climate proxy records to provide insights into the timing of depositional events in this region over the past 500 years. This study suggests that mining and...
Topics: Climate change, OSL dating, Runoff, Sediment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Clare Saunders; Maria T. Grasso; Craig Hedges
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Peaks in climate change newspaper coverage have been attributed to key events, such as major international climate change summits, on the basis that these are reported. This approach overlooks the possibility that unreported events have capacity to focus journalists’ and editors’ attention on climate change. This study considers the extent to which meteorological and political events – derived externally from what is reported in the media itself (some reported, some not) – coincide with...
Topics: Climate change, Ideology, News prompts, Newspaper coverage
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paul Mkandawire
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Referred to as the ‘forgotten causalities’ of climate change (Cutter 1995), very few studies have examined the precise nature and magnitude of climate change impacts on children, let alone on the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children in Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA), where climate change is already expected to exact its worst humanitarian toll. This paper examines personal, familial, and contextual circumstances that arise when children lose their parents to HIV/AIDS and how these...
Topics: Children, Climate change, Floods, Malawi, Orphans, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heather Barnes Truelove; Ashley Jade Gillis
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Interventions to change individual human behavior have real promise in helping to reach sustainability goals and emissions reductions targets. However, little is known about how laypeople characterize the vast array of behaviors they perform that impact the natural environment, which has major implications for the design of successful pro-environmental behavior (PEB) interventions. Drawing on the psychometric paradigm from risk perception research, the current project involves a two-study...
Topics: Climate change, Pro-environmental behavior, Public perception
Price-based interventions can be corrective where users extract from a common resource, but may also impact existing social norms, often crowding them out. In contrast, I find a pumping fee implemented by a group of irrigators in Southern Colorado effectively crowds-in pro-conservation norms, enhancing the financial incentive's impact. Using a unique, spatially oriented panel-data set of groundwater wells, I separate the direct role of increased pumping costs from the indirect effect...
Topics: Climate change, Conservation, Groundwater, Irrigation, Social norms
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anthony Moreira; Etelvina Figueira; Giovanni Libralato; Amadeu M.V.M. Soares; Marco Guida; Rosa Freitas
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Oysters are a diverse group of marine bivalves that inhabit coastal systems of the world's oceans, providing a variety of ecosystem services, and represent a major socioeconomic resource. However, oyster reefs have become inevitably impacted from habitat destruction, overfishing, pollution and disease outbreaks that have pushed these structures to the break of extinction. In addition, the increased frequency of climate change related events promise to further challenge oyster species survival...
Topics: Arsenic, Climate change, Development, Embryotoxicity, Oyster, Thermohaline
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jennifer L. Bradham; Larisa R.G. DeSantis; Maria Luisa S.P. Jorge; Alexine Keuroghlian
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Prior geochemical work documents dietary shifts coincident with climate change in extinct peccaries, with taxa typically shifting between browsing and mixed-feeding. This study employs dental microwear texture analysis (DMTA) and stable carbon isotopes to interpret the diet of extinct peccaries in Florida, specifically Platygonus, Mylohyus, and Protherohyus from the late Miocene throughout the Pleistocene, to evaluate how dietary behavior has fluctuated over time. When Mylohyus and Protherohyus...
Topics: Climate change, Dietary plasticity, Generalist, Peccary, Ungulates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Farming and rural development are central to the diversity of global food systems and diets, both significant factors in determining the nutrition and health outcomes of the world's population. Diets are not static and indeed are changing due to globalization, urbanization and demographic shifts. In addition, multiple burdens of malnutrition (both undernutrition and overweight and obesity) are not improving fast enough and in some cases, reversing for the worse. Unhealthy diets are major...
Topics: Climate change, Diets, Nutrition, Rural development, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Since the conclusion of the 2014 Climate Summit in New York and the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, China has been actively advancing its national policies on climate change mitigation and adaptation since more unpredictable extreme weather events are expected, which may incur a heavy cost in terms of economics and public health. Since China is still in the process of urbanisation, the greatest challenge it faces is finding a balance between economic growth and keeping carbon...
Topics: China's adaptation straggles, Climate change, Urban climate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Saudi Arabia experiences annual growth of 6% in its power demand. Generation expansion has been driven by low domestic retail fuel prices leading to a power generation mix based on fossil fuels only. In light of current climate change discussions, this research assesses future generation expansion under different potential fuel-price reforms by an enhanced OSeMOSYS model. Results demonstrate that domestic retail fuel price levels >20% [>60%] of expected international wholesale fuel prices...
Topics: Climate change, Fuel-price reform, Saudi Arabia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The processes by which adaptive capacity is mobilised in response to multiple stressors are yet to be fully understood. This study addresses this pressing research gap by drawing on the capitals framework and empirical data from small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana. It employs an ethnographic approach, based on multiple sources of evidence including documents, interviews and participant observation to examine mechanisms of mobilising adaptive capacity in response to...
Topics: Adaptive capacity, Climate change, Fisheries, Ghana, Stressors
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper analyzes the effects of hurricane Sandy on the New York City housing market using a large parcel-level dataset that contains all housing sales for 2003–2017. The dataset also contains geo-coded FEMA data on which building structures were damaged by the hurricane and to what degree. Our estimates provide robust evidence of a persistent negative impact on flood zone housing values. We show the gradual emergence of a price penalty among flood zone properties that were not damaged by...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Hurricane Sandy, Real estate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Fernanda Parés-Escobar; Bertha E. Lavaniegos; Israel Ambriz-Arreola
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Euphausiids are a major component of the zooplankton biomass due to their large size, contributing with high carbon content to other trophic levels in the pelagic ecosystem. We analyzed the summer interannual variability in euphausiid species composition based on carbon mass of the Baja California oceanic domain during 1998–2008. Selection of one exclusive season allowed the emphasis of interannual changes in order to research possible biological impacts. During the period 1998–2008...
Topics: Biomass, California current, ENSO, Zooplankton, climate change
Sugarcane straw burning or removal and N fertilization are management practices that modify the input of carbon (C) to the soil affecting greenhouse gases emissions and the potential of the soil for C sequestration. This study aimed to determine the effect of post-harvest straw burning and synthetic N fertilization on the dynamics of CO2 and CH4 fluxes in the sugarcane-soil system of Tucuman, Argentina; it also compared these emissions with those of a native forest and discussed a theoretical...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Nitrogen, Straw decomposition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Angelica Feurdean; Eszter Ruprecht; Zsolt Molnár; Simon M. Hutchinson; Thomas Hickler
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Worldwide reforestation has been recommended as a landscape restoration strategy to mitigate climate change in areas where the climate can sustain forest. This approach may threaten grassland ecosystems of unique biodiversity as such policies are based on the false assumption that most grasslands are man-made. Here, we use multiple lines of evidence (palaeoecological, pedological, phylogenetic, palaeontological) from Central Eastern Europe and show that various types of grasslands have...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Fire, Fossil records, Herbivores
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ricky John Spencer; James Van Dyke; Kristen Petrov; Bruno Ferronato; Fiona McDougall; Murray Austin; Claudia Keitel; Arthur Georges
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Infectious disease is a contributing factor to species extinction or endangerment. Extinction is most likely to occur when a pathogen is evolutionarily novel, or when it utilizes an alternate reservoir, or when hosts have small pre-epidemic populations. Here we focus on such a case where a mystery disease almost drove the range restricted, Bellinger River Snapping Turtle (Myuchelys georgesi), in north-eastern NSW, Australia, to extinction in less than a month. The disease did not affect other...
Topics: Climate change, Myuchelys georgesi, Pathogen, Turtle, Virus
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yoro Sidibé; Sébastien Foudi; Unai Pascual; Mette Termansen
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Increased drought frequency in many parts of the world, especially in the global South, is expected due to accelerating climate change. We present a bioeconomic model that unpacks the role of soil biodiversity as contributing to both increasing and stabilizing agricultural productivity in low-input rainfed farming systems. The natural insurance value of soil biodiversity mostly depends on farmers' risk preferences as well as on the frequency of drought events to be insured against. We show that...
Topics: Adaptation, Bioeconomic Modelling, Climate Change, Ecosystem Services
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by C. Duarte; J. M. Navarro; P. A. Quijón; D. Loncon; R. Torres; P. H. Manríquez; M. A. Lardies; C. A. Vargas; N. A. Lagos
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A decline in salinity caused a reduction in clearance rates, absorption efficiency and scope of growth and an increase in excretion rates. Meanwhile, the projected rise in pCO 2 reduced excretion rates and its interaction with a salinity decline resulted in higher oxygen uptake in an ecologically and economically important species.
Topics: Climate change, Energetic physiology, Mussels, Salinity, pCO2
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaobo Qin; Hong Wang; Yong He; Yu'e Li; Zhiguo Li; Yunfan Wan; Budong Qian; Brian McConkey; Ron DePauw; Reynald Lemke; William J. Parton
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In order to identify strategies to support global food security while protecting the environment under future climate in northern high latitude environments such as the Canadian Prairies, the DAYCENT model was calibrated, validated, and subsequently used to project effects of climate change (increased carbon dioxide concentration, precipitation, and temperature), nitrogen (N) application rate, and yield potential (radiation use efficiency of biomass, RUE B ) of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, Climate change, DAYCENT, Spring wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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While considerable advances have been made in mainstreaming climate adaptation into sectoral policies in most regions across Africa, little is known about Central Africa (CA) even though the sub-region has enormous potentials to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions through the Congo basin forest. This paper presents an in-depth analysis of the progress made in mainstreaming climate adaptation into sectoral policies in CA based on insights from Cameroun. To achieve this, 30 strategic policy...
Topics: Climate change, Mainstreaming climate adaptation, Sectoral policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosario Mosello; Piero Bruni; Michela Rogora; Gabriele Tartari; Claudia Dresti
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Lake Bolsena, the fourth Italian lake for volume (9.2 × 10 9 m 3 ), must be considered as highly sensitive to eutrophication for its extremely long water renewal time. In this paper, temperature and chemical characteristics of the lake measured in the period 2003–2017 are used to discuss the mixing pattern and the variation in the oxygen and algal nutrient concentrations, as indicators of the trophic level. In the analysed period the lake showed oligomictic characteristics, reaching the full...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, Lake mixing, Volcanic lakes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by W. J.S. Lima; M. C.L. Cohen; D. F. Rossetti; M. C. França
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Pollen data recovered from the sedimentary record of western Amazonia is still inadequate to fully address climate changes over the Last Glaciation in this region. The present work focuses vegetation dynamics from an area of southwestern Amazonia during the past 42,000 cal yr B.P. based on the integration of previous and new pollen data. Sediment cores were sampled from two sites covered by tropical rainforest in fluvial terraces of the Madeira River, a major southern Amazonian tributary. The...
Topics: Alnus, Climate change, Last Glacial Maximum, Palynology
Narrowing the gap between research, policy making and implementing adaptation remains a challenge in many parts of the world where climate change is likely to severely impact water security. This research aims to narrow this gap by matching the adaptation strategies being framed by policy makers to that of the perspectives of development agencies, researchers and farmers in the Himalayan state of Sikkim in India. Our case study examined the perspectives of various stakeholders for climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Spring-water, Stakeholders, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ricardo Siqueira da Silva; Lalit Kumar; Farzin Shabani; Arthur Vieira Ribeiro; Marcelo Coutinho Picanço
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Projections of climate change show some regions of the world getting warmer, colder, dryer or wetter. Consequently, the effects of climate change on insect pests can alter the threat to agricultural systems. As a result of changed climate, areas can become more or less suitable for insect pests. Neoleucinodes elegantalis is one of the major pests of solanaceous crops in South America. Host plants for N. elegantalis are widely present in South America, however, N. elegantalis is absent from many...
Topics: CLIMEX, Climate change, Small tomato borer, Solanaceae
The headwater region of the Yellow River (HRYR) is one of the most important water supply areas of the whole river basin, which has suffered a serious water shortage problem for recent years. A better understanding of impacts of climate and catchment changes on runoff variation will help to determine efficient measures to deal with the runoff reduction in the Yellow River. The Budyko complementary relationship between the partial elasticity of runoff (R) with respect to precipitation (P) and...
Topics: Budyko, Climate change, NDVI, Runoff, Yellow River
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by T. C. McDonnell; S. Belyazid; T. J. Sullivan; M. Bell; C. Clark; T. Evans; W. Cass; A. Hyduke; H. Sverdrup
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Ecological effects of atmospheric nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) deposition on two hardwood forest sites in the eastern United States were simulated in the context of a changing climate using the dynamic coupled biogeochemical/ecological model chain ForSAFE-Veg. The sites are a mixed oak forest in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia (Piney River) and a mixed oak-sugar maple forest in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee (Cosby Creek). The sites have received relatively high levels of both...
Topics: Acidification, Biodiversity, Climate change, Forest understory, Nitrogen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qian Cao; Deyong Yu; Matei Georgescu; Jianguo Wu; Wei Wang
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China is the largest and most rapidly urbanizing nation in the world, and is projected to add an additional 200 million city dwellers by the end of 2030. While this rapid urbanization will lead to vast expansion of built-up areas, the possible climate effect and associated human health impact remain poorly understood. Using a coupled urban-atmospheric model, we first examine potential effects of three urban expansion scenarios to 2030 on summer climate in eastern China. Our simulations indicate...
Topics: China, Climate change, Health impact, Urbanization, WRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Forest disturbance regimes are beginning to show evidence of climate-mediated changes, such as increasing severity of droughts and insect outbreaks. We review the major insects and pathogens affecting the disturbance regime for coastal Douglas-fir forests in western Oregon and Washington State, USA, and ask how future climate changes may influence their role in disturbance ecology. Although the physiological constraints of light, temperature, and moisture largely control tree growth, episodic...
Topics: Climate change, Disturbance, Douglas-fir, Insects, Pathogens
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Emna Boughariou; Nabila Allouche; Ikram Jmal; Naziha Mokadem; Bachaer Ayed; Soumaya Hajji; Hafedh Khanfir; Salem Bouri
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The water resources are exhausted by the increasing demand related to the population growth. They are also affected by climate circumstances, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. These areas are already undergoing noticeable shortages and low annual precipitation rate. This paper presents a numerical model of the Sfax shallow aquifer system that was developed by coupling the geographical information system tool ArcGIS 9.3 and ground water modeling system GMS6.5's interface, ground water...
Topics: ArcGIS, Climate change, GMS, Hydrogeological modeling, MODFLOW
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zia ul-Haq; Asim Daud Rana; Salman Tariq; Khalid Mahmood; Muhammad Ali; Iqra Bashir
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We have applied regression analyses for the modeling of tropospheric NO 2 (tropo-NO 2 ) as the function of anthropogenic nitrogen oxides (NO x ) emissions, aerosol optical depth (AOD), and some important meteorological parameters such as temperature (Temp), precipitation (Preci), relative humidity (RH), wind speed (WS), cloud fraction (CLF) and outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) over different climatic zones and land use/land cover types in South Asia during October 2004–December 2015. Simple...
Topics: Air pollution, Climate change, OMI, Regression analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thapat Silalertruksa; Shabbir H. Gheewala
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Agriculture is a key economic sector for developing countries confronting challenges on the overexploitation of land and water resources for food and biofuels crop production. Sugarcane is recognized as a promising crop serving both food and bioenergy needs that are being promoted leading to expansion of the plantation areas. The study assesses the land-water-energy nexus of irrigated and non-irrigated sugarcane production systems in the Chao Phraya and Chi watersheds of Thailand using carbon...
Topics: Climate change, Energy, Land, Nexus, Sugarcane, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Scott A. Martin; Rhett M. Rautsaw; M. Rebecca Bolt; Christopher L. Parkinson; Richard A. Seigel
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Coastal ecosystems worldwide are being impacted by sea-level rise caused by climate change. As mitigation efforts increase to protect these threatened ecosystems, a deeper understanding of how wildlife adapt to coastal management techniques is needed. We monitored three constructed sand dunes (built in 2010 and 2014) and two natural dunes in central Florida from June 2015 through June 2016 to assess the impact of dune construction as a management technique on terrestrial vertebrates....
Topics: Climate change, Florida, Managed retreat, Wildlife management
The evolution of delta plains and coastal floodplains is commonly believed to be influenced by sea-level and climate changes. However, regional climate change influences on the evolution of delta plains and floodplains are poorly understood compared with responses to rapid sea-level rise since the last deglaciation. This study investigated the Kimotsuki lowland delta plain evolution (Kyusyu, southern Japan), including allogenic controls, based on 28 auger cores and 28 radiocarbon ages....
Topics: Climate change, East Asian summer monsoon, Peat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Natalie Suckall; Emma L. Tompkins; Andrew Allan; Robert J. Nicholls; Abiy S. Kebede; Attila N. Lázár; Craig Hutton; Katharine Vincent; Alex Chapman; Rezaur Rahman; Tuhin Ghosh; Adelina Mensah
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Deltas are precarious environments experiencing significant biophysical, and socio-economic changes with the ebb and flow of seasons (including with floods and drought), with infrastructural developments (such as dikes and polders), with the movement of people, and as a result of climate and environmental variability and change. Decisions are being taken about the future of deltas and about the provision of adaptation investment to enable people and the environment to respond to the changing...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Deltas, Framework, Policy, Transformation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jordan N. Minigan; Heather A. Hager; Andrew S. Peregrine; Jonathan A. Newman
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The American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) is medically and economically important in North America. This species is found across central and eastern North America from the Gulf Coast of Mexico through southern Canada. In parts of this region, D. variabilis is a vector for pathogens that cause diseases in humans and animals. Our aim was to determine whether climate change would affect the distribution of the climatically suitable area for D. variabilis in North America, to aid monitoring...
Topics: Climate change, Dermacentor variabilis, Species distribution model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Abrar Faiz; Dong Liu; Qiang Fu; Qiaohong Sun; Mo Li; Faisal Baig; Tianxiao Li; Song Cui
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The assessment of changes in the precipitation over a region is an important task that is significant for climate modeling and for understanding and monitoring natural hazards and hydrological cycle characteristics. However, the accuracies of gridded precipitation data sets should be evaluated and examined in reference to ground information and observations, as these data can be affected by systematic errors. Therefore, the current study was carried out to evaluate the performances of long-term...
Topics: Climate change, Concentration index, Gridded datasets, Precipitation