Skip to main content
SHOW DETAILS
up-solid down-solid
eye
Title
Date Reviewed
Creator
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 38

favorite 0

comment 0

The change in precipitation phase is an important manifestation of climate change, especially in the moderate climate zone and mountain regions. We analyse changes in precipitation at 107 European stations in cold months (November–April). Stations in Czechia where both surface synoptic observations (SYNOP) reporting the precipitation phase, and temperature and precipitation data are available in sufficient quality, are used to determine the regional threshold temperature. The threshold...
Topics: Climate change, Europe, Precipitation phase, Temperature, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Ice phenology, defined as the timing of freeze-up and ice-cover breakup, plays a key role in streamflow regimes in cold-region river catchments. River freeze-up and ice-cover breakup events are controlled by meteorological and hydrological variables. In this study, we present a modelling framework consisting of a physically-based semi-distributed hydrological model and the integration of a 1D stream temperature model that can predict the ice duration in cold region rivers. The hydrological...
Topics: Athabasca river basin, Breakup, Freeze-up, Simulation, Stream temperature
Human disturbance and climate change both influence the input quantity of plant litter, significantly affecting soil respiration (R s ). However, what leads to a change of relationship between R s in on-litter input (R s (NL)) and natural litter input (R s (CL)) is not yet fully understood. This study selected a man-made Populus forest in a dune-meadow transitional region to observe R s (NL) and R s (CL), soil temperature and soil moisture at a depth of 0–10 cm, groundwater depth between...
Topics: Arid and semi-arid region, Groundwater, Soil moisture, Soil temperature sensitivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jian Cheng; Zhiwei Xu; Hilary Bambrick; Hong Su; Shilu Tong; Wenbiao Hu
texts

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

Objectives: Evidence is limited on the relative contribution of different temperature exposures (i.e., heat, cold and significant temperature variability) to mortality. This study aims to examine mortality risk and associated mortality burden from heat, cold, and temperature variability in Australia. Methods: We collected daily time-series data on all-cause deaths and weather variables for the five most populous Australian cities (Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Perth), from 2000 to...
Topics: Climate, Disease burden, Health, Relative risk, Temperature change
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yang Liu; Shubhayu Saha; Brendalynn O. Hoppe; Matteo Convertino
texts

eye 40

favorite 0

comment 0

Suboptimal ambient temperature exposure significantly affects public health. Previous studies have primarily focused on risk assessment, with few examining the health outcomes from an economic perspective. To inform environmental health policies, we estimated the economic costs of health outcomes associated with suboptimal temperature in the Minneapolis/St. Paul Twin Cities Metropolitan Area. We used a distributed lag nonlinear model to estimate attributable fractions/cases for mortality,...
Topics: Ambient exposure, Climate change, Climate health, Extreme heat, Extreme temperature, Urban health
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- G. J. Rebetzke; J. Jimenez-Berni; R. A. Fischer; D. M. Deery; D. J. Smith
texts

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

Improved genetic, genomic and statistical technologies have increased the capacity to enrich breeding populations for key alleles underpinning adaptation and continued genetic gain. In turn, directed genomic selection together with increased heritability will reduce genetic variance to narrow the genetic base in many crop breeding programs. Diverse genetic resources (GR), including wild and weedy relatives, landraces and reconstituted synthetics, have potential to contribute novel alleles for...
Topics: Biomass, Breeding, Canopy temperature, Genomic selection, LiDAR, Selection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Safi Ullah; Qinglong You; Amjad Ali; Mushtaq Ahmad Jan; Yuqing Zhang; Wenxin Xie; Xinru Xie
texts

eye 52

favorite 0

comment 0

Pakistan is located in one of the fast temperature rising zones and hence, highly vulnerable to climate change. The dynamic variations of the maximum (Tmax) and minimum (Tmin) temperatures pose potential risks to the local people. Thus, the present study assessed spatiotemporal changes in Tmax and Tmin over China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) during 1980–2016 based on the 48 meteorological stations across the CPEC. The non-parametric Mann-Kendall (MK), Sen's Slope (SS) estimator,...
Topics: CPEC, Mann-Kendall (MK) test, Maximum temperature, Minimum temperature, Sequential Mann-Kendall...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Kunyong Yu; Xiong Yao; Yangbo Deng; Zhuangjie Lai; Lingchen Lin; Jian Liu
texts

eye 54

favorite 0

comment 0

It is of great importance to assess the effect of stand age on soil respiration (SR) to understand the potential carbon sequestration capacity of afforestation. In this study, we investigated the changes in SR and microclimate variables in a chronosequence of four different aged stands (8-, 17-, 27-, and 36-year-old) in a Pinus massoniana plantation in the soil erosion area of southern China. SR was found to have obvious seasonal dynamics among the four aged stands, and the highest and lowest...
Topics: Pinus massoniana, Seasonal variation, Soil temperature, Soil water content, Stand age
Antestia bug, Antestiopsis thunbergii (Gmelin, 1970)(Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)is one of the most damaging pests of coffee (Coffea arabica, L.)worldwide, except in central and south America. A two – year study was conducted to assess the distribution and the density of Antestia bug in the coffee growing regions of Rwanda, and to determine the effects of climatic variables on density of Antestia bug. 205 farms were surveyed in 2016 and 191 farms in 2017. The density and damage of Antestia bug...
Topics: Antestiopsis thunbergii, Temperature, Wind speed and relative humidity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 67

favorite 1

comment 0

Annual surface air temperatures across the eastern United States (US) have increased by more than 1 °C within the last century, with the recent decades marked by an unprecedented warming trend. Tree-rings have long been used as a proxy for climate reconstruction, but few truly temperature-sensitive trees have been documented for the eastern US, much less the Appalachian Mountains in the Southeast. Here, we measure blue intensity (BI) and ring width (RWI) in red spruce growing at the...
Topics: Appalachian mountains, Climate change, Dendroclimatology, Maximum temperature, North Carolina, Red...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Minhui He; Bao Yang; Achim Bräuning; Sergio Rossi; Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist; Vladimir Shishov; Jussi Grießinger; Jianglin Wang; Jingjing Liu; Chun Qin
texts

eye 48

favorite 1

comment 0

Considerable progress has been made in dendroclimatological research in China during the period 2000–2017, including a significant increase in the spatial coverage of tree-ring chronologies developed for paleoclimatic research. New tree-ring sampling sites have been established across the Tibetan Plateau, as well as the northeastern and sub-tropical eastern parts of China. Most of the studies use coniferous trees, although different plant functional types (e.g., broadleaf species and shrubs)...
Topics: China, Climate change, Dendroclimatology, Hydroclimate reconstructions, Temperature...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Liang Zhang; Yingming Zhao; David Hein-Griggs; Lyndon Barr; Jan J.H. Ciborowski
texts

eye 34

favorite 1

comment 0

The Laurentian Great Lakes Basin has been subject to increasingly extreme weather events in the past seven decades. This study uses a regional climate model spanning the region to project summer maximum temperature (Tmax), winter minimum temperature (Tmin), and seasonal extremes of precipitation for the mid-century (2030–2059) and late-century (2060–2089) relative to the baseline period (1980–2009). The basin's southern portion (US side) summer Tmax increases are projected to be greater...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme temperature and precipitation, Great Lakes Basin, PRECIS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Keke Fan; Qiang Zhang; Vijay P. Singh; Peng Sun; Changqing Song; Xiudi Zhu; Zexi Shen
texts

eye 52

favorite 0

comment 0

The Himalayan Tibet Plateau (HTP) is regarded as the third pole of the globe and is highly sensitive to global climate change. The hydrothermal properties of HTP greatly impacts the water cycle of the HTP and climate change in its surrounding regions. Using the NCEP-CFSR dataset, this study investigated the spatiotemporal pattern of soil moisture (SM) during different seasons considering vegetation types. The response of the evaporation fraction (EF) to SM and the impact of SM on air...
Topics: Air temperature, Coupling between temperature and SM, Evaporation fraction, Soil moisture, The...
Despite the active applications of thermal comfort indices for heat wave definitions, there is lack of evaluation for the impact of extended days of high temperature on health outcomes using many of the indices. This study compared the impact of heat waves on health outcomes among different heat wave definitions based on thermal comfort and air temperature. We compared heat waves in South Korea (cities and provinces) for the warm season for 2011–2014, using air temperature, heat index (HI),...
Topics: Climate change, Heat wave, Morbidity, Mortality, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 50

favorite 0

comment 0

Rhodolith beds, like many other marine ecosystems, are affected by climate change that is causing an increase in the magnitude and frequency of extreme high temperature events (heat waves). Unfortunately, this does not represent the sole peril for these communities, as coastal urbanization in conjunction with altered precipitation patterns can increase terrestrial-derived nutrient input. In Brazil, rhodolith beds are among the most extensive coastal benthic ecosystems, but despite their vast...
Topics: Calcification, Coralline algae, Nutrients, Photosynthesis, Rhodolith bed, Temperature
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Yijing Wang; Liutao Chen; Zhiying Song; Zeqing Huang; Erjia Ge; Lijie Lin; Ming Luo
texts

eye 61

favorite 1

comment 0

While the changes in air temperature under climate change and urbanization have been extensively examined in the literature, little is known about how human-perceived temperatures change. This study investigates the long-term changes in human-perceived temperatures (e.g., summer heat stress and winter wind chill conditions) over South China and quantifies the possible effects of urbanization. Daily observations at 86 stations during the period of 1961–2014 are collected and analyzed. Analysis...
Topics: Climate change, Heat stress, Human-perceived temperature, Long-term trend, Urbanization effect,...
The quantification of changes in long-term trends in grassland net primary productivity (NPP) and its large-scale driving forces are important for understanding terrestrial ecosystem changes in arid and semi-arid regions. Based on the MODIS-NPP dataset, this study investigated patterns in the spatiotemporal variations in NPP and its possible influencing factors in Inner Mongolia during 2000–2014 using the linear trend analysis method, correlation analysis, and an F test. The results show that...
Topics: Climate change, Growing season average land surface temperature, MOD17-A3, Net primary productivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- J. Kriaučiūnienė; J. Kažys; A. Bukantis; V. Kesminas; A. Povilaitis; J. Dainys; V. Akstinas; A. Jurgelėnaitė; D. Meilutytė-Lukauskienė; A. Tomkevičienė
texts

eye 52

favorite 0

comment 0

Alterations of abiotic factors (e.g., river water temperature and discharge) will definitely affect the fundamental processes of aquatic ecosystems. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of climate change on the structure of fish assemblages in fast-flowing rivers belonging to the catchment of the major Eastern European river, the Nemunas. Five catchments of semi-natural rivers were selected for the study. Projections of abiotic factors were developed for the near (2016–2035)...
Topic: Water temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jan Wild; Martin Kopecký; Martin Macek; Martin Šanda; Jakub Jankovec; Tomáš Haase
texts

eye 112

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate measurements are needed at a scale at which organisms live and die. Currently available climate sensors, however, are not well suited for long-term field measurements at such a scale. We have therefore developed a new temperature and moisture logger, the Temperature-Moisture-Sensor (TMS), which we designed for a wide range of ecological applications. The device mimics a small herbaceous plant. Its belowground part houses a patented, proprietary soil moisture sensor working on the...
Topics: Microclimate, Sensor, Soil moisture, Temperature, Time-domain transmission, Topoclimate
Recent production of the marine crop Undaria pinnatifida has become unstable due to rising temperatures caused by global climate change. The cultivar HGU-1 was bred in a previous study to achieve early cultivation. A new cultivar, NW-1, was bred for improved yield and stress tolerance. This was achieved by crossbreeding using male and female gametophytes, each isolated from a single zoospore. To evaluate whether the cultivar NW-1 is superior to the previous cultivar HGU-1, we compared their...
Topics: Cross-breeding, Cultivar, High-temperature tolerance, Undaria pinnatifida
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Min Duan; Andi Li; Yanhong Wu; Zuoping Zhao; Changhui Peng; Thomas H. DeLuca; Shouqin Sun
texts

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

Alpine and subalpine ecosystems on Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau are rich in soil organic carbon and are among the most sensitive regions to climate change, while little is known about the dynamics of soil carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in alpine/subalpine ecosystems except for the grassland on the plateau. In this study, the monthly and inter-annual variations in soil CO 2 emission from a subalpine coniferous forest and a subalpine shrubland ecosystem on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau were...
Topics: Coniferous forest, Greenhouse gas emission, High elevation, Shrubland, Subalpine region,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Alireza Araghi; Jan Adamowski; Christopher J. Martinez; Jørgen Eivind Olesen
texts

eye 46

favorite 0

comment 0

Soil temperature (Ts) is an important meteorological variable that noticeably impacts ecology, agriculture, and hydrology. In contrast to air temperature, there has been little focus on the projection of Ts in the future under climate change. In this study, future Ts were estimated at three weather stations (Ghoochan, Gonabad and Mashhad) in northeast Iran using an ensemble of 17 General Circulation Models (GCMs) from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). These Ts were...
Topics: CMIP5, GCM, MarkSim, Projection, STM 2, Soil temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Frank P. Shagega; Subira E. Munishi; Victor M. Kongo
texts

eye 53

favorite 0

comment 0

Prediction of future climate forms one of the tenets of assessing impacts of climate change in various aspects of livelihoods. The ability to validate climate variables generated by relatively coarse global models, at the desired scales, not only adds value to the usefulness of such models but also engenders research on impacts of climate change in various domains. In this study, one of the protocols for downscaling climate variables from coarse Global Circulation Models (GCM), the Long Ashton...
Topics: Climate change, LARS-WG, Ngerengere, Precipitation, Statistical downscaling, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Sofia R. Pauleta; Marta S.P. Carepo; Isabel Moura
texts

eye 43

favorite 0

comment 0

Nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming impact 300-fold higher than carbon dioxide. Due to its exponential increase in the atmosphere and its implications in climate change there is the need to develop strategies to mitigate its emissions and to reduce it to the inert dinitrogen gas. Only three enzymes have been reported to be able to reduce nitrous oxide, namely nitrogenase, one multicopper oxidase and nitrous oxide reductase, with the latter being the only one with a...
Topics: "CuA center, Denitrification, CuZ model compounds, Nitrous oxide, Nitrous oxide reductase"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 47

favorite 0

comment 0

Tropical storms produce competent self-regenerating coral fragments capable of originating new coral colonies. These climatic events are predicted to increase in the future due to ocean warming, the main cause of coral bleaching. Estimated increases in precipitation will affect salinity at shallow reef areas which combined with ocean warming will aggravate the effects of coral bleaching. In this study the long-term effects of increased temperature (30 °C), low salinity (20 psu) and the...
Topics: Global climate change, Heat stress, High temperature, Hyposaline stress, Low salinity, Synergistic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Justas Dainys; Eglė Jakubavičiūtė; Harry Gorfine; Žilvinas Pūtys; Tomas Virbickas; Diana Šarauskienė; Diana Meilutytė-Lukauskienė; Arvydas Povilaitis; Arūnas Bukantis; Justas Kažys; Linas Ložys
texts

eye 67

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change is likely to increasingly impact estuarine fish populations. Changes in water temperature or salinity can have deleterious effects on fish growth and behaviour. A decrease in the abundance of freshwater fish in the northern areas of the Curonian Lagoon has been attributed to increased salinity of inflowing water from the Baltic Sea. Thus, this study investigated the effects of possible changes in environmental salinity and temperature on the growth and behaviour of perch (Perca...
Topics: Behaviour, Freshwater fish, Growth, Salinity, Water temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 50

favorite 0

comment 0

Urban environments are being subject to increasing temperatures due to the combined effects of global climate change and urban heat. These increased temperatures, coupled with human planting preferences and green space management practices, influence how urban plants grow and survive. Urban community gardens are an increasingly popular land use, and a green space type that is influenced by unique climate-human behavior interactions. Despite ongoing rapid temperature changes in cities, it is...
Topics: Plant diversity, Temperature variability, Urban agriculture, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Nidhi Singh; Alaa Mhawish; Santu Ghosh; Tirthankar Banerjee; R. K. Mall
texts

eye 43

favorite 1

comment 0

Climate extremes are often associated with increased human mortality and such association varies considerably with space and time. We therefore, aimed to systematically investigate the effects of temperature extremes, daily means and diurnal temperature variations (DTV) on mortality in the city of Varanasi, India during 2009–2016. Time series data on daily mortality, air quality (SO 2 , NO 2 , O 3 and PM 10 ) and weather variables were obtained from the routinely collected secondary sources....
Topics: Climate variability, Health effects, Mortality, Temperature extreme
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Linh T.T. Nguyen; Katie Broughton; Yui Osanai; Ian C. Anderson; Michael P. Bange; David T. Tissue; Brajesh K. Singh
texts

eye 29

favorite 0

comment 0

Rising global air temperature and atmospheric CO 2 are expected to have considerable effects on soil nutrient cycling and plant productivity. Soil nitrification controlled by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea (AOB and AOA) communities plays a key role in contributing to plant nitrogen (N) availability; however, response of soil nitrification and functional microbial communities to climate change and subsequent consequences for crop yields remain largely unknown. Cotton productivity is a...
Topics: Ammonia-oxidizing communities, Cotton crop, Elevated temperature and CO 2, Soil nitrification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 39

favorite 0

comment 0

Temperature in freshwater ecosystems fluctuates daily, seasonally and yearly. Climate change further induces temperature variations. In this study, we hypothesise that water temperatures, in particular thermal extremes, can significantly influence chemical toxicity to ectothermic organisms. Although temperature-dependent chemical toxicity (TDCT) is a classic research area in ecotoxicology, a unified model for predicting TDCT for freshwater species is yet to be developed. This study aimed to...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological risk assessment, Fresh water ecosystems, Temperature-dependent chemical...
The broad-leaved and Korean pine mixed forests in the Liangshui National Natural Reserve, China, are important components of boreal forests in areas that are sensitive to global climate change. Respiration rates of excised roots were measured using an oxygen electrode (Hansatech Oxy-Lab 2, UK) to examine the variation in and identify the controlling factors of fine root respiration (Rr) during the growing period (May–October) in 2016. The relationships between Rr and biotic/abiotic factors...
Topic: Soil temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 32

favorite 0

comment 0

The understanding of the role of environment on the pathogenesis of stroke is gaining importance in the context of climate change. This study analyzes the temporal pattern of ischemic stroke (IS) in Madrid, Spain, during a 13-year period (2001–2013), and the relationship between ischemic stroke (admissions and deaths) incidence and environmental factors on a daily scale by using a quasi-Poisson regression model. To assess potential delayed and non-linear effects of air pollutants and Apparent...
Topics: Apparent temperature, Ischemic stroke, Mortality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xiaoping Feng; Cheng Zhao; William J. D'Andrea; Jie Liang; Aifeng Zhou; Ji Shen
texts

eye 64

favorite 1

comment 0

Documenting climate change over the past 2000 years, or the Common Era, is critical to understand how the climate system evolved from one controlled by natural forcings alone to one influenced by anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing. However, global and regional temperature changes during this interval are still poorly understood, largely due to the limited geographical coverage and scarcity of data. Here we report a well-dated, quantitative, mean annual air temperature (MAAT) record with...
Topics: brGDGTs, high-elevation region, lacustrine sediments, southwestern China, temperature...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- M. A. Burford; C. C. Carey; D. P. Hamilton; J. Huisman; H. W. Paerl; S. A. Wood
texts

eye 68

favorite 0

comment 0

Harmful cyanobacterial blooms (=cyanoHABs) are an increasing feature of many waterbodies throughout the world. Many bloom-forming species produce toxins, making them of particular concern for drinking water supplies, recreation and fisheries in waterbodies along the freshwater to marine continuum. Global changes resulting from human impacts, such as climate change, over-enrichment and hydrological alterations of waterways, are major drivers of cyanoHAB proliferation and persistence. This review...
Topics: CO 2, Climate change, Temperature, cyanoHABs
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 145

favorite 0

comment 0

Knowledge of changes in the distribution of C 3 and C 4 plants in relation to climate change is the key to predicting the biosphere's response to future climatic warming. There are significant differences in the spatiotemporal evolution of C 4 plant abundance at different latitudes since the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), and the factors responsible remain debated. In this study, we reconstructed the spatiotemporal pattern of C 4 plants in China since the LGM, based on a synthesis of δ 13 C...
Topics: Atmospheric pCO 2, BIOME4, Carbon isotopes, Holocene, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Madlles Queiroz Martins; Adésio Ferreira; Carolina de Oliveira Bernardes; Ana Isabel Ribeiro-Barros; José Cochicho Ramalho
texts

eye 38

favorite 0

comment 0

Climate change prospections indicate large fluctuations in terrestrial temperature, what may change the zoning of coffee cultivation. This is particularly true for Coffea canephora (conilon or robusta coffee) to which some suitable areas may become inappropriate. Thus, conilon cultivation at high altitudes may be an option to establish C. canephora, mitigating the possible effects of productive areas loss. In this context, the aim of this work was to evaluate the productivity, adaptability and...
Topics: Breeding, Cultivar, Low temperature, Productivity
Fine-scale three-dimensional (3D) permafrost distributions at the basin scale are currently lacking. They are needed to monitor climate and ecosystem change and for the maintenance of infrastructure in cold regions. This paper determined the horizontal and vertical distributions of permafrost and its quantitative responses to climate warming in the High Asia region by constructing a quasi-3D model that couples heat transfer and water movement and is forced by spatially-interpolated air...
Topics: Depth-to-permafrost table, Ground temperature, Permafrost
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Erwann Legrand; Pascal Riera; Mathieu Lutier; Jérôme Coudret; Jacques Grall; Sophie Martin
texts

eye 62

favorite 0

comment 0

Coralline algae are expected to be adversely impacted by ocean acidification and warming. Most research on these algae has involved experiments on isolated species, without considering species interactions, such as grazing. This myopic view is challenging because the impact of climate change on coralline algae will depend on the direct impacts on individual coralline species and the indirect effects of altered interactions with other species. Here, we tested the influence of grazing on the...
Topics: Algal–herbivore interactions, CO 2, Calcareous algae, Global change, Grazing, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Tan Xuejin; Wu Zhenni; Mu Xingmin; Gao Peng; Zhao Guangju; Sun Wenyi; Gu Chaojun
texts

eye 38

favorite 0

comment 0

Snow cover is highly sensitive to global warming, and it, in return, has huge impacts on global and regional climate change. Because of the limitations of in-situ observations, only a few studies have analyzed the dynamics of snow cover across the whole of China. In this study, we studied the spatio-temporal variabilities of snow cover over China and explored the covary of snow cover with precipitation and temperature in spring and winter based on the surface snow cover observations of 201...
Topics: Abrupt changes, China, Mean daily snow depth, Precipitation, Spatial-temporal variations,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Brigadier Libanda; Namwiinga Babra Nkolola; Ngonga Chilekana; Kelvin Bwalya
texts

eye 48

favorite 0

comment 0

Diurnal temperature range (DTR)is an important index for climate because of its statistical relationships to greenhouse gases, urban heat, cloud cover, land use change, and aerosol haze layers. This study examines DTR trends across Zambia for the period 1930–2016 using the latest version of high-resolution monthly data (CRU TS v4.01)from the Climatic Research Unit. Non-parametric trend analyses were extensively employed at different spatial and temporal scales to quantify DTR changes. Taken...
Topics: Climate change, Cloud cover, Diurnal temperature range, Rainfall, Zambia
Climate warming is characterized by increase in extreme heat events (EHEs). EHEs and mild temperature periods alternate with each other and form complex climate scenarios. Among these scenarios, low-frequency and short-duration extreme heat events during long mild periods (sporadic short EHEs) and low-frequency and short-duration mild periods during long extreme heat events (sporadic short mild periods) commonly occur in nature. The biological effects of these two types of temperature events...
Topics: Extreme climate event, Fluctuating temperature, Heat recovery, Heat wave, Mild temperature,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Lacy D. Chick; Stephanie A. Strickler; Abe Perez; Ryan A. Martin; Sarah E. Diamond
texts

eye 57

favorite 0

comment 0

For many species, the timing of life cycle events is advancing under contemporary global climate change. However, much less is known regarding phenological shifts as a result of other sources of anthropogenic change, such as urban warming. In both cases, progress has been hampered by a focus on phenological traits such as the timing of emergence, rather than the phenology of more directly related fitness traits such as the timing of reproduction. Here we explore how urban heat island effects...
Topics: Alates, Ants, Gradients, Latitude, Phenology, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- K. L. Buckman; E. A. Seelen; R. P. Mason; P. Balcom; V. F. Taylor; J. E. Ward; C. Y. Chen
texts

eye 43

favorite 0

comment 0

The fate and mobility of mercury, and its bioaccumulation primarily as methylmercury (MeHg), in marine ecosystems are influenced by climate related environmental factors, including increased temperature and carbon loading. To investigate the interactions between sediment organic carbon and temperature MeHg bioaccumulation, mesocosm experiments were conducted examining relationships between sediment, water column and biota (sediment-dwelling amphipod and juvenile oyster) MeHg concentration....
Topics: Bioaccumulation, Invertebrate, Mesocosm, Methylmercury, Organic carbon, Temperature
The urban heat island effect is an important 21st century issue because it intersects with the complex challenges of urban population growth, global climate change, public health and increasing energy demand for cooling. While the effects of urban landscape composition on land surface temperature (LST) are well-studied, less attention has been paid to the spatial arrangement of land cover types especially in smaller, often more diverse cities. Landscape configuration is important because it...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Land surface temperature, Land-sharing and land-sparing, Neutral landscapes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- A. B. Asumadu-Sakyi; A. G. Barnett; P. Thai; E. R. Jayaratne; W. Miller; M. H. Thompson; R. Roghani; L. Morawska
texts

eye 58

favorite 0

comment 0

The study aimed to identify diurnal indoor temperature patterns and quantify the impact of outdoor on indoor temperature as well as of other modifying factors. Indoor and outdoor temperatures of 77 houses in Brisbane, Australia were monitored with temperature sensors for one year (May 2017–2018). A linear mixed effect model predicted that on average, a 1 °C increase in outdoor temperature resulted in a 0.41 °C increase in indoor temperature during both the cool and warm seasons. The age of...
Topics: Indoor temperature, Linear mixed effect model, Outdoor temperature, Residential houses, Temperature...
There is increasing concern that climate change may make organisms more sensitive to chemical pollution. Many pesticides are indeed more toxic at higher mean temperatures. Yet, we know next to nothing about the effect of another key component of climate change, the increase of daily temperature fluctuations (DTFs), on pesticide toxicity. Therefore, we tested the effect of the pesticide chlorpyrifos under different levels of DTF (constant = 0 °C, low = 5 °C (current maximum level) and high =...
Topics: Ecological risk assessment, Global climate change, Multiple stressors, Organophosphate pesticide,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Moonmoon Hiloidhari; D. C. Baruah; Moni Kumari; Shilpi Kumari; I. S. Thakur
texts

eye 85

favorite 0

comment 0

Biomass has often been regarded as a promising renewable energy resource to mitigate climate change. However, what will be the impact on global surface temperature if biomass replace fossil fuel remain unclear. This paper, through a case study in Uttar Pradesh, India address this issue by assessing biomass resource potential to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate climate change. Impact of biomass power related GHG emissions on global surface temperature is estimated using the Absolute Global...
Topics: Absolute global temperature change potential, Biomass assessment, Biomass power, Climate change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between local factors (beach geomorphology and management) and regional factors (infrastructure improvements and temperature changes) against levels of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) at recreational beaches. Data were evaluated for 17 beaches located in Monroe County, Florida (Florida Keys), USA, including an assessment of sanitary infrastructure improvements using equivalent dwelling unit (EDU) connections. Results show that elevated...
Topics: Climate change, Fecal indicator bacteria, Infrastructure, Temperature
The Tibetan plateau is a cold environment at high altitude and is very sensitive to global climate change. Wetlands on this plateau are among the major sources of the important greenhouse gas methane, and temperature is an important factor in controlling CH 4 production. However, it remains unknown how CH 4 production and microbial processes in such wetlands respond to climate warming. Therefore, we anaerobically incubated soil slurries at 10, 20, 30 and 45 °C for 100 days to investigate the...
Topics: Alkaline soil, Methanogen, Temperature, Tibetan plateau, mcrA
Conditions of elevated temperature and CO 2 levels [30 °C and 970 parts-per-million (ppm), respectively] reduced the systemic titers of a potato virus Y (PVY) isolate in Nicotiana benthamiana plants, relative to standard conditions (25 °C, ~405 ppm CO 2 ). Under controlled conditions we studied how these growing environments affected the transmission of infection by aphids. Probabilities of transmission of infection by insects that fed on infected donor plants kept at either standard...
Topics: Climate-change and dispersal of plant viruses, Environment and plant virus transmission by insects,...
Stream temperatures, which influence dynamics and distributions of the aquatic species and kinetics of biochemical reactions, are expected to be altered by the climate change. Therefore, predicting the impacts of climate change on stream temperature is helpful for integrated water resources management. In this study, our previously developed Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) equilibrium temperature model, which considers both the impacts of meteorological condition and hydrological...
Topics: Climate change impact assessment, Stream temperature modeling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Ina Pohle; Rachel Helliwell; Caroline Aube; Sheila Gibbs; Michael Spencer; Luigi Spezia
texts

eye 49

favorite 0

comment 0

Salmonid species are highly sensitive to river water temperature. Although long-term river temperature monitoring is essential for assessing drivers of change in ecological systems, these data are rarely available from statutory monitoring. We utilized a 105-year citizen science data set of river water temperature from the River Spey, North-East Scotland, gathered during the fishing season (April–October) between 1912 and 2016. As there were gaps in the records we applied generalised additive...
Topics: Climate change, Long-term trends, River Spey, River temperature, Salmonids, Snow melt
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xiao Zhang; Hong Yi Li; Zhiqun D. Deng; L. Ruby Leung; John R. Skalski; Steven J. Cooke
texts

eye 44

favorite 0

comment 0

Water temperature has manifold effects on the biology of Pacific salmon. Thermal optima enable Pacific salmon to maximize growth while temperatures above thermal optima can induce stress and lead to mortality. This study investigated the impacts of climatic changes and water management practices on Chinook and Steelhead smolts in the Columbia River Basin using an integrated earth system model and a multiple regression model that incorporated nonlinear survival responses to water temperature....
Topics: Climate change, Salmon, Stream temperature, Water management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Hanna Meyer; Johannes Schmidt; Florian Detsch; Thomas Nauss
texts

eye 116

favorite 0

comment 0

Monitoring of climate variables such as air temperature is gaining increasing importance under climate change. This study aimed at developing an hourly gridded 3.5 × 3.5 km air temperature (T air ) data set for entire South Africa. In a Random Forest approach, MSG SEVIRI data from 2010 to 2014 were used and related to T air measured by 78 weather stations. An external validation on new climate stations and years that were not used for model training indicated the ability of the model to...
Topics: Air temperature, Climate, Machine learning, Meteosat, Random Forest, South Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 72

favorite 0

comment 0

In the arid Hexi Corridor of northwest China, vegetation cover plays a pivotal role in sustaining the unique terrestrial ecosystem. In this paper, vegetation changes during growth season from April to October were investigated through examining the trends in the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) across the Hexi region. Based on the GMMIS NDVI 3g.v1 dataset, NDVI trend and its dependency on elevation and land cover were analyzed for the period 1982–2015 according to multiple...
Topics: Climate change, Elevation, Land cover, NDVI trend, Precipitation, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Terence Darlington Mushore; Brandon Chimuti; Juliet Gwenzi; Moven Manjowe; Collen Mutasa; Emmanuel Mashonjowa; Tedious Mhizha; Godfrey Muroyiwa; Iman Rousta
texts

eye 41

favorite 0

comment 0

This study investigated the thermal discomfort patterns at the University of Zimbabwe in Harare, Zimbabwe; paying attention to the outdoor and indoor seasonal and diurnal variations. Temperature and relative humidity data from an automatic weather station located in the study area was incorporated into the temperature humidity index to retrieve outdoor human thermal discomfort patterns. Based on data availability, air temperature and humidity hourly data for the period 2014 to 2018 was used....
Topics: Discomfort index, Heat stress, Temperature, Temperature humidity index, Thermal discomfort
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- María Benlloch-González; Rosa Sánchez-Lucas; Mohamed Aymen Bejaoui; Manuel Benlloch; Ricardo Fernández-Escobar
texts

eye 73

favorite 0

comment 0

Temperature in the Mediterranean Basin, the main area of olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivation, has been projected to rise drastically in the near future threatening olive production. To determine the potential effects of higher temperature on the olive fruiting cycle and vegetative growth, a study with the cultivar ‘Picual’ has been carried out simulating global warming conditions under field conditions. Temperature-controlled open top chamber (OTC) systems were used to increase the...
Topics: Climate change, Fruit yield, High temperature, Olive fruiting cycle, Open top chamber (OTC),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Gennady Bracho-Mujica; Peter T. Hayman; Bertram Ostendorf
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Long-term, continuous, accurate, daily weather records for precipitation, temperature and solar radiation are critical inputs for modelling long-term climate risk in cropping systems. However, comprehensive weather data often exhibit short record length and missing or inaccurate records, which can lead to inconsistencies. Using risk profiles (cumulative probability curves of crop yield) as a tool for quantifying the performance of cropping systems under climate variability, this study examines...
Topics: APSIM, Climate risk, Extreme temperature events, Frost, Heat, Probability risk assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Robine H.J. Leeuwis; Gordon W. Nash; Rebeccah M. Sandrelli; Fábio S. Zanuzzo; Anthony K. Gamperl
texts

eye 69

favorite 0

comment 0

Given the potential impacts of global warming, such as increases in temperature and the frequency/severity of hypoxia in marine ecosystems, it is important to study the impacts of these environmental challenges on sea-cage reared aquaculture species. This study focuses on the sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria), an emerging aquaculture species that has a unique ecology in the wild. For instance, adults inhabit oxygen minimum zones and cool waters at depths up to 1500 m. Using Atlantic salmon (Salmo...
Topics: Climate change, Hypoxia, Oxygen, Oxygen and capacity limited thermal tolerance, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- José Sanchez-Morales; Eulogio Pardo-Igúzquiza; Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Tovar; Peter A. Dowd
texts

eye 82

favorite 0

comment 0

Mediterranean high-relief karst areas are very vulnerable to changes in temporal patterns of precipitation and temperature. Understanding climate change in these areas requires current climate trends to be assessed within the context of the variability of rainfall and temperature trends in the recent past. A major difficulty is that the instrumental record in these high-relief areas is very limited and the use of data from paleoclimatic proxies, such as tree-ring data, is required to infer past...
Topics: Abies pinsapo, Climatic change, Dendro-climatological analysis, Kernel smoothing, Rainfall,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jose L. Gonzalez-Andujar; Maria J. Aguilera; Adam S. Davis; Luis Navarrete
texts

eye 87

favorite 0

comment 0

Weeds can harm crop growth and yield by competing for light, water, and nutrients and can produce high global potential yield losses if not controlled. However, the effects of weed diversity have not been fully examined. Here, we have used long-term data (31 years) of a cereal–legume rotation from a locality in central Spain to determine the importance of internal and external (weather and weed diversity) factors on crop yield. We used a novel methodology based on dynamic systems to explore...
Topics: Crop management, Crop yield, Nonlinear, Precipitation, Self-regulation, Temperature, Time series
Soil temperature is an important physical variable of soil and plays a key role in controlling the underground hydro-thermal processes in permafrost regions on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Daily soil temperatures were observed at five different vegetation cover sites (alpine wet meadow, alpine meadow, alpine steppe, alpine desert steppe and alpine desert) from 2012 to 2015 in permafrost regions on the QTP. The performance of three reanalysis soil temperature products (National Centers for...
Topics: Observation, Permafrost, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Reanalysis product, Soil temperature
Uncertainty on the response of soil respiration (Rs) to warming and increased precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau can limit our ability to predict how alpine ecosystems will respond to future climate change. Based on a warming (control, low- and high-level) and increased precipitation (control, low- and high-level) experiment, the response of Rs to experimental warming and increased precipitation was examined in an alpine meadow in the Northern Tibetan Plateau from 2014 to 2017. The low-level...
Topics: Carbon cycling, Increased temperature, Nonlinear response
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Honghyok Kim; Hyomi Kim; Garam Byun; Yongsoo Choi; Hyeonjin Song; Jong Tae Lee
texts

eye 33

favorite 0

comment 0

Temporal variation of temperature-related mortality risk is an important issue in climate change era. However, difference in this temporal variation across cities in South Korea remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore whether temporal variation might differ spatially across seven metropolitan cities of Korea during the period of 1998–2013. We estimated cumulative associations between temperature (up to previous 14 days of exposure) and all-cause mortality, and compared...
Topics: Adaptation, Mortality, Spatial variation, Temperature, Temporal variation
This study characterized the potential effects of elevated water temperature on source water quality and corresponding disinfection byproduct (DBP) formation. Results of laboratory simulations showed that although DBP formation increased with temperature, both the concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and DBP formation decreased when water was incubated at higher temperatures (35 °C) prior to chlorination, probably due to increased microbial activity leading to greater degradation...
Topics: Bromide, Climate change, Conventional treatment, Disinfection byproducts (DBPs), Warming...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Julia Heinicke; Stephanie Ibscher; Vitaly Belik; Thomas Amon
texts

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

In the course of predicted climate change, the welfare of dairy cows and heat load to which they are exposed have become increasingly important even under moderate climate conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate the cow individual activity response to heat load in terms of the heat load duration and intensity in lactating, high-yielding Holstein-Friesian cows in a moderate climate zone. The study was conducted from June 2015 to April 2017 in a naturally ventilated barn in...
Topics: Activity, Heat load accumulation, Temperature-humidity index, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Saúl F. Domínguez-Guerrero; Martha M. Muñoz; David de Jesús Pasten-Téllez; Diego Miguel Arenas-Moreno; Luis Alberto Rodríguez-Miranda; Norma L. Manríquez-Morán; Fausto Roberto Méndez-de la Cruz
texts

eye 62

favorite 0

comment 0

Although the importance of thermoregulation and plasticity as compensatory mechanisms for climate change has long been recognized, they have largely been studied independently. Thus, we know comparatively little about how they interact to shape physiological variation in natural populations. Here, we test the hypothesis that behavioral thermoregulation and thermal acclimatization interact to shape physiological phenotypes in a natural population of the diurnal lizard, Sceloporus torquatus....
Topics: Behavioral thermoregulation, Climate change, Critical temperatures, CtmaxCritical thermal maximum,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 58

favorite 0

comment 0

Comprehensive analysis of how wheat phenology responds to environmental factors in global scale is helpful for tackling the possible adverse effects of ongoing climate change on wheat production. In this study, six phenological parameters of global wheat, i.e., the growing season start (SGS), peak (PGS), end (EGS), length (LGS), as well as the vegetative period length (LVP) and reproductive period length (LRP), were retrieved from remote sensing data (1981–2014) by threshold-, logistic-, and...
Topics: Frost, Haze, Precipitation, Spatiotemporal pattern, Temperature, Wheat phenology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 61

favorite 0

comment 0

General circulation models (GCMs) are useful tools for investigating mechanisms of climate change and projecting future climate change scenarios, but have large uncertainties and biases. Accurate models are of significant importance for agriculture, water resources management, hydrological simulation, and species distribution. In this study, we examined the precipitation and temperature reproducibility of 34 GCMs during the period from 1961 to 1999 over arid and semiarid regions of China. The...
Topics: GCM, Precipitation, Seasonal, Temperature, Topography
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Xueping Bai; Xianliang Zhang; Junxia Li; Xiaoyu Duan; Yuting Jin; Zhenju Chen
texts

eye 32

favorite 0

comment 0

Forests are sensitive to climate change at high altitude and high latitude. Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii Rupr.) has experienced an unprecedented forest retreat northward during the last century. Whether the response of growth to climate has dissimilar patterns at different altitudes, and what the “altitudinal trends” of forest development will be in the future, remains unclear. We dendroclimatically investigated the impacts of climate change on the growth of larch forests along an...
Topics: Altitude gradient, Climate change, Dahurian larch, Radial growth, Temperature thresholds
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jun Yang; Shanhe Jin; Xiangming Xiao; Cui Jin; Jianhong (Cecilia) Xia; Xueming Li; Shijun Wang
texts

eye 65

favorite 0

comment 0

Performance-based planning (PBP) is designed to determine city planning standards based on local activity characteristics; however, there have been few practical applications of this method. This study applied PBP to assess the impact of urban building morphology on local climate surface temperatures under different wind conditions during 2017 in Shanghai, China using multi-source data, such as frontal area density (FAD), local climatic zone classification, land surface temperature (LST) data,...
Topics: Frontal area density, Land surface temperature, Local climate zone, Performance-based planning,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 51

favorite 0

comment 0

Fish can respond to stimuli from the internal or external environment with activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis and the secretion of cortisol. Stimuli that activate the HPI axis of fish include short term air exposure and increases in water temperature. The present study was conducted to determine how quickly cortisol concentrations increase in goldfish subjected to an increase in water temperature, and to compare the response to an increase in water temperature with...
Topics: Air exposure, Cortisol, Fish, Heating, Temperature, Variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Vidar Selås; Erik Framstad; Geir A. Sonerud; Per Wegge; Øystein Wiig
texts

eye 95

favorite 1

comment 0

For several mammalian species, both population levels and distribution ranges are predicted to change due to changing habitat conditions caused by climate change. A general decrease in the amplitude of small rodent population cycles in northern Europe since the late 1980s has commonly been attributed to a lack of permanent snow cover during winter, or to unfavourable snow conditions. An alternative explanation is that increasing summer temperatures and an extended growing season are...
Topics: Herbivore performance, Microtus, Myodes, Rodent cycles, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Fábio S. Zanuzzo; Jason A. Bailey; Amber F. Garber; Anthony K. Gamperl
texts

eye 50

favorite 0

comment 0

Given climate change projections, the limited ability of fish reared in sea-cages to behaviourally thermoregulate, and that thermal tolerance may be heritable, studies that examine family-related differences in upper thermal tolerance are quite relevant to the aquaculture industry. Thus, we investigated the upper thermal tolerance of 15 Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) families by challenging them with acute (2 °C h −1 ) and incremental (1 °C every 4 days) temperature increases (CT max and IT...
Topics: Climate change, Family-based selection, Fish, Global warming, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

eye 64

favorite 0

comment 0

Ongoing climate change has been reported to have far-reaching impact on crop development and yield in many regions of the globe including Europe. However, little is known about the potential impact of climate change on specific stages of the crop cycle including crop establishment, although it is a crucial stage of the annual crop cycles. For the first time, we performed a simulation study to pinpoint how sugar beet sowing conditions of the next eight decades will be altered under future...
Topics: Soil-surface crust, Temperature, Water stress
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Jinxue Huang; Teng Chiu Lin; Decheng Xiong; Zhijie Yang; Xiaofei Liu; Guangshui Chen; Jinsheng Xie; Yiqing Li; Yusheng Yang
texts

eye 32

favorite 0

comment 0

Understanding soil organic carbon (SOC) mineralization under different temperature regimes is critical for predicting SOC responses to climate change. Yet, the effects of altering temperature regimes on SOC mineralization remain poorly understood in forest plantations converted from natural forests. Forest conversion is extensive and could have major impact on SOC dynamics, so that this knowledge limits our ability of predicting the consequences of such land use change on carbon cycling. To...
Topics: Incubation, Microbial biomass carbon (MBC), PLFAs, Soil organic carbon, Subtropical forest,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
- Liming Zhang; Qiaofeng Zheng; Yaling Liu; Shaogui Liu; Dongsheng Yu; Xuezheng Shi; Shihe Xing; Hanyue Chen; Xieyu Fan
texts

eye 37

favorite 0

comment 0

Temperature and precipitation simultaneously influence the soil organic carbon (SOC) in agroecosystems. While these parameters' individual impacts have been extensively studied, their combined effects remain poorly understood at a regional scale. Thus we conducted this study to quantify the combined influence of temperature and precipitation on the SOC in upland-crop fields of the northern Jiangsu Province in eastern China. This quantification was achieved by using the...
Topics: Combined effect, DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC), Precipitation, Soil organic carbon,...