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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ali Tighnavard Balasbaneh; Abdul Kadir Bin Marsono; Adel Gohari
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Flood risk is increasing rapidly around the world owing to the influence of climate change on precipitation levels. The refurbishment process is a complicated method of building construction after flooding. This study assesses all building costs in parallel with environmental emissions after repairs in a flood zone, in non-flood situations and when a flood hits the building, to determine the feasibility of repairs. Five types of building materials including common brick, concrete block, steel...
Topics: Building adaptation, Flood disaster, Global warming potential, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shahjadi Hisan Farjana; Nazmul Huda; M. A.Parvez Mahmud
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In this study, a life-cycle assessment from the aluminum production processes is carried out by considering four major steps of aluminum production - bauxite mining from the ore, alumina production, smelting, and the ingot casting process of aluminum. The study considered the cradle to gate system to analyze and quantify the environmental impacts during aluminum production process from raw materials to the final finished product. The production input and output datasets are taken from the...
Topics: Aluminum, Bauxite, Life-cycle assessment, Refining, Smelting
Building-Integrated Photovoltaic/Thermal (BIPVT) technology offers multiple advantages; however, these types of installations include materials such as Photovoltaic (PV) cells and metals which considerably influence BIPVT environmental impact. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate BIPVT environmental profile, for instance by means of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). In light of the issues mentioned above, the present article is an LCA study that assesses the environmental performance of a BIPVT...
Topics: Human toxicity, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Joan Manuel F. Mendoza; Simona Andreea Popa; Francesco D'Aponte; Diego Gualtieri; Adisa Azapagic
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The annual market demand for disposable baby diapers exceeds 20 billion units (690 kt) in the European Union (EU). Almost 40,000 disposable diapers are used every minute, producing 1.3 t/min (dry weight) of waste. Based on the estimates in this work, this requires 90.3 PJ of primary energy and emits 2.7 Mt CO 2 eq. annually. In an attempt to reduce resource, waste and environmental impacts associated with diapers, this paper focuses on novel design and manufacture of disposable baby diapers....
Topics: Life cycle assessment, Resource efficiency, Waste management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate a life cycle assessment of straight vegetable oil (SVO) and biodiesel addressing alternative upstream pathways. The pathways are SVO and biodiesel produced in the United Kingdom (UK) using European rapeseed and also, SVO and biodiesel produced in the UK using soybean grain and soybean oil imported from Argentina. Four environmental impact categories have been assessed using the SimaPro (ReCiPe life-cycle impact assessment) method: this includes global...
Topics: Biodiesel, Emission and shipping, Life cycle assessment, SVO
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charles Felix; Aristotle Ubando; Cynthia Madrazo; Ivan Henderson Gue; Sylviana Sutanto; Phuong Lan Tran-Nguyen; Alchris Woo Go; Yi Hsu Ju; Alvin Culaba; Wei Hsin Chen
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Microalgae offer promising and multifaceted solutions to the ongoing issues regarding energy security and climate change. One of the major bottlenecks in utilizing algal biomass is the excessive amount of moisture to be managed after harvest, which translates to costs in the dewatering step. Newer strategies have been developed to be able to convert algal biomass feedstock to biodiesel without the need for extraction and drying, such as in-situ transesterification. This process can be improved...
Topics: Biodiesel, In-situ Transesterification, Life Cycle Assessment, Microalgae, Subcritical
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Energy for society is an important element globally. Policy discussions in relation to climate change, suggest a transition from fossil-carbon-based systems to those based primarily upon renewable sources. The authors of this paper focused on a technical approach that can help to make that transition, namely pilot photovoltaic net metering installation for a business-residential entity in Slovenia, including its environmental perspectives. Results of the pilot photovoltaic net metering system...
Topics: Case study Slovenia, Life cycle assessment, Net metering, Photovoltaics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The optimization of energy structures, aimed at saving energy and reducing emissions, is an important precautionary measure against climate change. This study considers different environmental impacts of power systems, and investigates ways to optimize power structures and decrease their potential environmental impact. A multi-objectives optimization model of energy structures was created based on life cycle assessment (LCA). This model covers several environment impacts, rather than only...
Topics: Life cycle assessment, Material input, Power structure, Water deprivation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shahjadi Hisan Farjana; Nazmul Huda; M. A.Parvez Mahmud; Candace Lang
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Gold and silver are extracted through the gold-silver couple production process or the gold-silver-lead-zinc-copper combined production process. This paper aims to analyse and compare the life-cycle assessment (LCA)of the gold and silver refining processes. Two production routes are considered in this study: gold and silver refining through the gold-silver couple production process and gold and silver refining which are produced from the gold-silver-lead-zinc-copper combined production process....
Topics: Environmental impact, Gold refining, Life cycle assessment, Silver refining
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Weiguo Liu; Qiuan Zhu; Xiaolu Zhou; Changhui Peng
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The biomass-derived CO 2 emission is usually treated as neutral to climate change. However, due to the stay of biomass-derived CO 2 in the atmosphere, many researchers believe that biomass-derived CO 2 also has climate change benefit. Therefore, many methods to account the global warming potential of biomass-derived CO 2 (GWP bio ) were proposed. Based on those new methods, we developed an accounting system for climate change impact of biomass utilization in this study, and compared it with the...
Topics: CENTURY model, Caragana, Global warming potential, Life cycle assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eleni Georgiou; Marie Raffin; Keith Colquhoun; Aiduan Borrion; Luiza C. Campos
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For the water sector to cope with rising populations and the anticipated impacts of climate change, increasing amounts of construction output are needed to build water-related infrastructure. Amidst emerging operational energy efficiencies and gradual grid decarbonisation, the relative impact and extent of embodied carbon dioxide equivalent (embodied CO 2 e) effected from the construction and maintenance of water sector infrastructure is likely to rise. For practitioners in the water and...
Topics: Industry practice, LCA (life cycle assessment), Supply chain, Water industry
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mehdi Hedayati; Philippa M. Brock; Gunasekhar Nachimuthu; Graeme Schwenke
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For many agricultural commodity sectors, efforts to meet international obligations regarding emissions reduction are increasing. The Australian cotton industry has already made advances in this regard and the high yields associated with Australian cotton production dramatically minimise greenhouse gas emissions intensity. However, certainty about the quantum of greenhouse gas emissions and the relative contribution of different components of the emissions profile is somewhat unclear; and...
Topics: Climate mitigation, Cotton production, Life cycle assessment, Nitrous oxide, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anders Nordelöf; Anne Marie Tillman; Mikael Alatalo; Torbjörn Thiringer
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Ongoing development of electrified road vehicles entails a risk of conflict between resource issues and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, the environmental impact of the core design and magnet material for three electric vehicle traction motors was explored with life cycle assessment (LCA): two permanent magnet synchronous machines with neodymium-dysprosium-iron-boron or samarium-cobalt magnets, and a permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance machine (PM-assisted...
Topics: Electric motor, Ferrite, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Magnet, Neodymium, Samarium
Energy systems are currently designed focusing only on minimizing their cost or, at most, including limits on greenhouse gas emissions. Unfortunately, electricity technologies performing well in global warming potential might not necessarily behave equally well across other sustainability criteria. Hence, policies focused solely on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions could potentially resolve one problem (i.e., climate change)by creating another, thereby leading to burden-shifting. Here, the...
Topics: Climate change, Elasticity, Energy systems modeling, Life cycle assessment, STIRPAT
Following the Single Market for Green Products, the European Commission released the Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules for Dairy Products (PEFCR-D). According to the PEFCR-D, nitrogen (N) emissions must be calculated as stated by The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the European Environmental Agency (EMEP/EEA) methods. However, since the IPCC method and the EMEP/EEA method follow different N flows, the estimated N emissions differ at common farm stages resulting...
Topics: Ammonia, Dairy manure, Life cycle assessment, Nitrate, Nitrogen dioxide, PEF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Angelina Frankowska; Harish Kumar Jeswani; Adisa Azapagic
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A healthy diet depends on the daily intake of vegetables. Yet, their environmental impacts along the full supply chains are scarcely known. Therefore, this paper provides for the first time a comprehensive evaluation of the life cycle environmental impacts of vegetables consumed in UK. The impacts are assessed for 56 fresh and processed products produced domestically and imported from abroad, considering both the product and sectoral levels. At the product level, taking into account the market...
Topics: Climate change, Energy, Food, Life cycle assessment, Sustainability, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Europe is currently adapting its waste management strategies towards the increased recycling of waste materials, motivated by ambitious recycling targets. This requires correctly sorting and recovering of all relevant waste flows. In Denmark, a considerable share of residential household waste is collected at recycling centres, 16% of which is sent to energy recovery in the form of “small combustible waste”. Although essential in order to enhance the management of household waste, very...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Contamination, Life cycle assessment, Recycling rate, Sampling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rebecca J. Thorne; Evert A. Bouman; Cristina B.B. Guerreiro; Anna Majchrzak; Sylwia Calus
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Local governments can play a key role in reducing emissions associated with local energy use. 17 Polish municipalities provided data on energy use and CO 2 emissions for 2015. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was used to calculate lifecycle impact indicators for greenhouse gases, particulate matter, acidification and eutrophication associated with the annual energy demand in each municipality. Results showed that impacts from energy use increase almost proportionally with total energy used in the...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Life cycle assessment, Municipal energy use, Municipal planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jérémy Rodrigues; Antoine Gérard; Geoffroy Séré; Jean Louis Morel; Sophie Guimont; Marie Odile Simonnot; Marie Noëlle Pons
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The objective of the LORVER project was the construction of fertile Technosols on an industrial brownfield using wastes and byproducts to produce biomass for industrial purposes (hemp as a fiber source and poplar for short rotation coppice). A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the Technosol construction was conducted to highlight the most significant environmental contributions. Three scenarios were compared: a reference scenario (REF) without improvement of the brownfield, a Technosol scenario...
Topics: Brownfield, Constructed technosol, Hemp, Life cycle assessment, Short rotation coppice,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yan Dong; Michael Hauschild; Hjalte Sørup; Rémi Rousselet; Peter Fantke
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It is commonly acknowledged that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from anthropogenic sources accelerate climate change impacts. Efforts are made by governments and companies to reduce GHG emissions via policies and actions. In order to determine which actions to prioritize among many options, benefits of emission reductions are often monetized, to compare with the costs of action or with benefits that can be obtained from other actions. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a commonly used tool to...
Topics: Climate change, Cost of carbon, Damage modelling, Life cycle assessment, Monetary valuation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rattanawan Mungkung; Patthra Pengthamkeerati; Ratcha Chaichana; Saranya Watcharothai; Kittiwan Kitpakornsanti; Supachok Tapananont
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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Hom Mali organic rice production in Surin province, Thailand was performed to evaluate the potential environmental impacts. The scope of study was the farm gate and the functional unit was set as one kg of organic paddy rice. The inputs and outputs were collected from the farm's data recording including the measurement of water levels inside the rice field which was done over the production cycle along with methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Inventory analysis...
Topics: Greenhouse Gas (GHG), Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Organic jasmine rice, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ian Vázquez-Rowe; Ramzy Kahhat; Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos; Kurt Ziegler-Rodriguez
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Most developing nations have had to perform a swift transition from the voluntary greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation actions engaged in the Copenhagen Accord, to the relatively ambitious mitigations signed in the frame of the Paris Agreement. Consequently, Peru is currently creating its national structure to combat climate change through mitigation and adaptation actions. Nationally-determined contributions (NDCs) are the planned interventions that nations report for intended reductions...
Topics: Climate change, GHG mitigation, Life Cycle Assessment, Nationally determined contributions, Paris...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ramzy Kahhat; Eduardo Parodi; Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos; Carlos Mesta; Ian Vázquez-Rowe
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Alluvial gold mining activities in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest are responsible for mercury emissions and deforestation. To understand related environmental impacts, specifically toxicity and climate change, this study uses Life Cycle Assessment methodology. Four predominant extraction systems were selected and modelled and three scenarios that reflect currently available gold recovery systems were modelled: amalgamation, amalgamation with mercury recovery through retort system and...
Topics: Amalgamation, Artisanal and small scale gold mining, Life Cycle Assessment, Mercury, Peru, Toxicity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Buildings are big consumers of energy and materials, and important producers of waste and emissions. Prefabrication presents an opportunity to reduce impacts in the building sector; however, few studies have focused on prefabricated houses and with contradictory findings. The main goal of this article is to assess the embodied energy (EE) and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of a prefabricated modular house, based on a modular system to enable different layouts. A “cradle-to-site” analysis...
Topics: Climate change, Embodied energy (EE), Life-cycle assessment (LCA), Offsite construction,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carine Lausselet; Vilde Borgnes; Helge Brattebø
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The building sector is a major driver of climate change, and the increased focus on significantly reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in recent years calls for major initiatives in the way we plan, build and operate buildings and neighbourhoods. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a commonly used and well-established tool to estimate the total emissions caused by buildings throughout their entire life cycle. Yet, LCAs of more complex systems such as neighbourhoods are scarce. We have developed...
Topics: Early stage planning, Greenhouse gas emissions, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Zero emission...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guanyi Chen; Xutong Wang; Jiao Li; Beibei Yan; Yuan Wang; Xiao Wu; Rosita Velichkova; Zhanjun Cheng; Wenchao Ma
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Incineration is well used to treat municipal solid wastes (MSW) but is difficult to treat sewage sludge (SS) because it requires a large amount of heat to remove high content of moisture in SS. Over 50 billion tons of SS are discharged annually in China, and the need for a better waste treatment strategy is urgent. This paper is to introduce a waste disposal technology referring to the integrated treatment of MSW and SS. Four scenarios were analyzed including Mono-incineration of MSW (Case 1)...
Topics: Energy recovery, Integrated treatment, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Municipal solid waste, Sewage...
Carbon dioxide emissions pricing is employed as an approach to mitigate climate change. To analyze the impact of carbon prices on the metal mining industry, this paper presents a new block-based carbon dioxide emissions estimation model to assess the carbon dioxide emissions and carbon intensity in varying carbon prices, by employing the engineering-based inputs from life cycle of mineral production. Such engineering-based data of an iron case is provided to test the impact of carbon prices on...
Topics: Carbon dioxide emissions, Carbon intensity, Carbon price, Life cycle assessment, Metal mining...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Netchanakan Sununta; Ratchayuda Kongboon; Sate Sampattagul
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In the era of globalization, the economy has expanded, leading to an increase in population and the growth of the city dramatically. The municipalities as local administrators for the being and the quality of life of people in the city. However, the activities in the city such as fuel consumption of housing and transportation, electricity use, waste management like wastewater and waste produce both direct and indirect greenhouse gases, increasing many impacts of climate change. The concept of...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Forecasting, GHG mitigation options, Life cycle assessment, Low carbon city,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chun Guo; Jixuan Liao; Xin Zheng; Zhenhua Zhang; Xiaofeng Chen; Kun Yang; Mingnian Wang
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The purpose of this paper is to evaluate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of a Chinese highway tunnel in the life cycle. Life cycle assessment (LCA) method is adopted in the paper. Based on rock mass classification and pavement categories, five different functional units have been proposed for the first time. The system boundaries, processes and assumptions are defined. The study results indicate: 1) the GHG emissions of a double-track four-lane Chinese highway tunnel in 100 years can be up to...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Highway tunnel, Life cycle assessment, Rock mass grade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohammad Ali Rajaeifar; Saeed Sadeghzadeh Hemayati; Meisam Tabatabaei; Mortaza Aghbashlo; Seyed Bagher Mahmoudi
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Among the various agri-food sub-sectors, sugar production is specifically ranked among the top energy-intensive industries in which massive amounts of various fossil energy carriers are used during sugar beet processing jeopardizing the environmental sustainability of the whole industry. Among the various solutions introduced to date, using renewable energies to supply power to this industry could be regarded as a promising approach to reduce the environmental concerns faced by this sector. In...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Beet sugar industry, Life cycle assessment, Municipal solid waste, Renewable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. A.Parvez Mahmud; Nazmul Huda; Shahjadi Hisan Farjana; Candace Lang
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Hydropower is the widely used source of clean energy which includes some hazardous emissions that affect human health, ecosystems, and resources. However, in spite of an enormous amount of hydropower generation in Europe, no research has been carried out in evaluating the hazardous emissions from the plants located in alpine and non-alpine areas. Therefore, this paper will analyse the comparative environmental impacts of hydropower plants in alpine and non-alpine areas of Europe by a systematic...
Topics: Alpine and non-alpine regions, Environmental performance evaluation, Hydropower plant, Life-cycle...
In the present study, a novel model-based approach is detailed for optimal design and analysis of clean and economic production technologies regardless of temporal and local restrictions. Accordingly, a dual-layer mathematical model is developed in which techno-economic and life cycle analyses are integrated in the first layer using a novel self-sustainability flowchart and the nexus between the water, energy, and carbon sectors are investigated in the second layer using an input/output...
Topics: Life cycle assessment, Power and freshwater cogeneration, Renewable energy, Self-sustainability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miia Liikanen; Kaisa Grönman; Ivan Deviatkin; Jouni Havukainen; Marko Hyvärinen; Timo Kärki; Juha Varis; Risto Soukka; Mika Horttanainen
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The European Commission's ambitious construction and demolition waste (CDW) material recovery target has placed pressure on Finland to increase its CDW material recovery rate. It has been identified that using CDW fractions, e.g. waste wood, plastic, mineral wool and plasterboard, as raw materials for wood polymer composites (WPCs) may help in reaching the CDW material recovery target. The objectives of this study were to assess the environmental impacts of WPC production using specific CDW...
Topics: Construction and demolition waste, Environmental impact assessment, Life cycle assessment, Material...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Amato; F. Ferella; F. Vegliò; V. Innocenzi; N. M. Ippolito; C. Pillar Jimenez Gomez; F. Beolchini
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The rare earth elements (REEs) were classified as critical raw materials for Europe for their economic relevance and the supply risk. Currently, most of REE production is concentrated in the Chinese area and it is used for the production of many technologies including: fluorescent lamps, fluid catalytic cracking catalysts and permanent magnets. At the end of their life, these products can cause management problems, mainly due to the hazardous component presence. Nevertheless, this critical...
Topics: Catalytic cracking catalysts, Economic sustainability, Environmental sustainability, Fluorescent...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by T. M. Gulotta; M. Mistretta; F. G. Praticò
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In the past, lowest price was the award criterion, given that structural capacity and safety were assured. In the last years, environmental, energy, and long-term impacts have been introduced (climate change, resource depletion, energy consumption, generated solid waste, discharged water, and emissions). Unfortunately, the introduction of new pavement technologies and materials (i.e., waste plastics) affects maintenance and rehabilitation processes and call for accurate and timeliness studies...
Topics: Energy, Environmental impacts, Hot mix asphalt (HMA), Life cycle assessment, Reclaimed asphalt...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Sustainable agricultural intensification (SI) is an important strategy to respond to the combined challenge of achieving food security and providing public goods and ecosystem services to society, including mitigation and adaptation of climate change. Sustainable intensification includes a wide range of measures at both the supply and demand-side of agricultural production. However, currently, it is unclear what are the most effective and priority measures. This study assesses the potential of...
Topics: Climate change mitigation strategies, Greenhouse gas emission savings, Human and livestock diet,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Edward A. Morgan; Johanna Nalau; Brendan Mackey
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The Paris Agreement commits state parties to a global adaptation goal and the inclusion of adaptation into their National Communications. This requires national level planning, monitoring and reporting and methods for effective global-scale adaptation tracking. However, unlike mitigation, where clear targets and goals have been agreed, adaptation is a process with varied and changing goals and risk context. Assessing adaptation plans and strategies can provide valuable insights into ongoing...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate change policy, National adaptation plans, Paris agreement
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Díaz; M. Sáez; R. Carmona; I. J. Mirón; M. A. Barceló; M. Y. Luna; C. Linares
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Background: In recent years, a number of studies have been conducted with the aim of analysing the impact that high temperatures will have on mortality over different time horizons under different climate scenarios. Very few of these studies take into account the fact that the threshold temperature used to define a heat wave will vary over time, and there are practically none which calculate this threshold temperature for each geographical area on the assumption that there will be variations at...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Heat wave, Mortality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and sea level rise (SLR) poses serious risks to coastal communities around the world requiring nations to apply adaptation laws and policies. Climate change will exacerbate the existing threats to vulnerable communities, such as the poor, and threaten the food security of populations in coastal areas through the effects of flooding due to coastal inundation. Indonesia is an Archipelagic State of over 17,000 islands and is vulnerable to climate change impacts in its coastal areas...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate justice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Honghyok Kim; Hyomi Kim; Garam Byun; Yongsoo Choi; Hyeonjin Song; Jong Tae Lee
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Temporal variation of temperature-related mortality risk is an important issue in climate change era. However, difference in this temporal variation across cities in South Korea remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore whether temporal variation might differ spatially across seven metropolitan cities of Korea during the period of 1998–2013. We estimated cumulative associations between temperature (up to previous 14 days of exposure) and all-cause mortality, and compared...
Topics: Adaptation, Mortality, Spatial variation, Temperature, Temporal variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Uttam Kumar Sarkar; Koushik Roy; Malay Naskar; Pankaj Kumar Srivastava; Arun Kumar Bose; Vinod Kumar Verma; Sandipan Gupta; Soma Das Sarkar; Gunjan Karnatak; Deepa Sudheesan; Basanta Kumar Das
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Information on various aspects of reproductive traits of female pool barbs from various stretches of Ganga River basin, India was generated in relation to climatic variability. The presumptions surrounding – minnows being the first and easily hit by climatic variability, was validated. GAM models revealed low threshold rainfall requirement (>50 mm) within a wide temperature range (20–30 °C) necessary for attainment of breeding GSI (>10.5 units). Pre-spawning fitness (K spawn50 ) and...
Topics: Minor barbs, P. sophore, India, Reproductive adaptation"
Rainfall in India has become much more variable as a result of global climate change. Responses to rain shocks vary depending on the level of climate variation a community experiences historically. Using data spanning three decades in 230 villages in India, I find that farmers tend to diversify their income with non-farm wage jobs in response to rainfall shocks. This diversification strategy is employed less in places with more variable historical weather as people are more adapted. As climate...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, India, Labor supply, Risk
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global environmental changes, driven by the consequences of human activities and population growth, are altering our planet in ways that pose current threats to human health, with the magnitude of these threats projected to increase over coming decades if additional, proactive actions are not taken. Global changes, unprecedented in their geospatial and temporal scales, include climate change, marine pollution, ozone layer depletion, soil degradation, and urbanization. Climate change is the best...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Health policy, Mitigation, Risks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by David Santillán; Ana Iglesias; Isabelle La Jeunesse; Luis Garrote; Vicente Sotes
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This paper suggests how climate change may transform vineyards. We consider changes in agro-climatic indicators derived from climatic variables as drivers for adaptation needs. We use two climate scenarios, GCM GFL-ESM2M and HadGEM2-ES, with 0.5° spatial resolution and daily time step forced by two emission scenarios, RCP2.6 and 6.0, to estimate the transition of potential vineyards in the major grape production world areas by the late 21st century. We present and discuss changes in three...
Topics: Adaptation, Drought, Global climate change, Vineyards
Understanding crop potential yields, yield gaps, and optimal agronomic management practices helps in identifying the limiting factors, scope, and ways to achieve sustainable intensified agricultural production. Here, using detailed field trial data collected from 1981 to 2009 at 11 agro-meteorological experimental stations and the crop model CERES–Rice, we investigated changes in potential yields, water- and nitrogen-stressed yields, and yield gaps of rice in the major rice cultivation...
Topics: Adaptation, Agriculture, Impact, Optimal management, Sustainable intensification
This article uses a governmentality perspective to uncover the power effects of the external climate change adaptation assistance provided by the European Union (EU) through its flagship initiative in this regard: the Global Climate Change Alliance. By drawing upon a body of literature that conceptualizes the established international architecture in this regard as rooted in power relations, this article opens up our current perspective of the EU as an international climate actor. An analysis...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Development cooperation, European Union, Governmentality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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For the neighbourhood scale a decomposition of the urban heat island (UHI) intensity (ΔT) into its contributing processes is suggested. The approach translates individual terms of the energy balance (radiation, evapotranspiration, heat storage, and convection) into temperature increments. This is exemplified using micrometeorological simulations (ENVI-met) for the quarter “Bayerischer Bahnhof” in Leipzig, Germany, under different wind conditions. In result heat storage and convection...
Topics: Climate adaptation, ENVI-Met, Leipzig, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study discusses importance of assessing environmental sustainability of fruits and vegetable (F&V) production sector in future climate change (CC) scenarios. For the current production scenario, life cycle environmental footprints of F&V supply chain are discussed considering the influences of: agro-climates, production systems, raw material inputs, post-harvest managements to the products' yield and quality. Potential risks of CC to the sector are discussed in the context of...
Topics: Adaptation, Environmental footprints, Mitigation, Prospective LCAs, Supply chains
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yangjie Wang; Jikun Huang; Xiaohong Chen
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Although the importance of forests in climate change mitigation has been widely recognized, there has been a lack of empirical research regarding the role of forests in agricultural adaptation to climate change. This paper uses a careful designed household survey in South China that considers an exogenous shock of drought, to determine whether the presence of natural and planted forests near rice-producing villages can reduce the adverse effects of drought on rice yield. After controlling for...
Topics: Crop production, Ecosystem-based adaptation, Forest, Irrigation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Purpose: This paper reviews the past and future trends of climate change in Malaysia, the major contributors of greenhouse gases and the impacts of climate change to Malaysia. It also reviews the mitigation and adaptations undertaken, and future strategies to manage the impacts of regional climate change. Methodology: The review encompasses historical climate data comprising mean daily temperature, precipitation, mean sea level and occurrences of extreme weather events. Future climate...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Impacts, Malaysia, Mitigation, Trends
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elisa Calliari; Melania Michetti; Luca Farnia; Emiliano Ramieri
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Collaboration barriers have been reported among the most frequent institutional constraints to adaptation. Yet, the growing literature on the topic has been largely descriptive and little attention has been placed on how to transform barriers into enablers for action. By taking a fragile socio-ecological lagoon system in Southern Mexico as a case study, the paper applies a social network analytical approach to: i) reveal the actual web of connections tying stakeholders through local governance...
Topics: Adaptation barriers, Collaborative governance, Institutions, Social network analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jie Ban; Wanying Shi; Liangliang Cui; Xia Liu; Chao Jiang; Lianyu Han; Rui Wang; Tiantian Li
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Ensuring spontaneously adjusting behaviors of the public in their daily life in response to heat waves is an important aspect of successful public health intervention under climate change. However, the current response behavior guidance released by the government is insufficient because of the limited understanding of public perceptions of heat-related risk and the motivating factors for the public's diverse adaptive behaviors. Here, we conducted a survey on the behavioral adaptations of 3065...
Topics: Adaptation, Behavior, Heat wave, Risk perception, Urban
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marie Christine Therrien; Mathilde Jutras; Susan Usher
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The capacities of organizational actors increase when they are linked in network relationships, especially when confronting complex problems such as climate change adaptation and the development of resilience. This Social Network Analysis (SNA) of organizations working on adaptation to climate change and resilience on the territory of Montreal was conducted to provide insights into the implementation of policies in these areas. The analysis reveals a fairly uniform network with organizational...
Topics: adaptation, policy implementation, social network analysis, urban resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Matto Mildenberger; Mark Lubell; Michelle Hummel
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One potential barrier to climate policy action is that individuals view climate change as a problem for people in other parts of the world or for future generations. As some scholars argue, risk messaging strategies that make climate change personally relevant may help overcome this barrier. In this article, we report a large-n survey experiment on San Francisco Bay Area residents to investigate how providing spatially-resolved risk information to individuals shapes their climate risk...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Communication, Risk perceptions, Sea-level rise
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. M. Rahman; G. Penny; M. S. Mondal; M. H. Zaman; A. Kryston; M. Salehin; Q. Nahar; D. Bolster; J. L. Tank; M. F. Müller
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Salinization of freshwater and soils is a global phenomenon that adversely affects 500 million people, particularly in low-lying river deltas. Impacts of salinity on food and water security and agricultural livelihoods are well documented and reviewed herein, along with additional effects on human health that have received less attention and warrant further study. Populations forced to consume saline waters display increased occurrence of diseases such as hypertension in Bangladesh,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, River delta, Salinity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rachel Bezner Kerr; Joseph Kangmennaang; Laifolo Dakishoni; Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong; Esther Lupafya; Lizzie Shumba; Rodgers Msachi; Godfred Odei Boateng; Sieglinde S. Snapp; Annita Chitaya; Esther Maona; Tinkani Gondwe; Paul Nkhonjera; Isaac Luginaah
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This study examines whether agroecological farming practices, when employed by highly vulnerable households in sub-Saharan Africa, can improve food security and dietary diversity. The research involved a four-year study with 425 smallholder households, selected purposively based on high levels of food insecurity and/or positive HIV status. The households carried out agroecological experiments of their own choosing over a four-year period. Baseline (n = 306) and follow-up (n = 352) surveys were...
Topics: Agrobiodiversity, Agroecology, Climate change adaptation, Food security, Gender, Nutrition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Omar J. Guerra; Diego A. Tejada; Gintaras V. Reklaitis
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As outlined in the Paris Agreement on climate change, efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change will require new modes of development of the energy sector including the transformation and expansion of power systems to low-carbon and more resilient designs. However, there is a need for more systematic tools to support decision-making processes in the context of climate change impacts and adaptation strategies for the energy and power sectors. For instance, quantitative approaches should be...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, Climate change, Hydro-dominated, Power system, Stochastic optimization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Conflicts in flood hazards decision-making and policy have important implications for both disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. This study uses a frame analysis to examine the disputed Lower Lee Flood Relief Scheme in Cork, Ireland. This analysis reveals a multi-party and multi-perspective dispute that is more complex than the two sided conflict it may appear to be at first glance. However despite this diversity of views, many of the stakeholders involved share similar...
Topics: Adaptation, Flood risk, Flooding, Framing, Place attachment, Sense of place
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coral reefs are important to the dive experience, suggesting the expected increase in coral bleaching events has the potential to alter global flows of dive tourists. There are a growing number of studies that suggest taking people's estimation of their options and ability to react to a threat into account provides a clearer picture of the decision to respond to a threat. This study applied Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) to help understand the motivational factors associated with intended...
Topics: Behavioral adaptation, Dive tourism, Protection motivation theory, Tourist perceptions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexandra Paige Fischer
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A growing body of research documents how individuals respond to local impacts of global climate change and a range of policy efforts aim to help individuals reduce their exposure and improve their livelihoods despite these stressors. Yet there is still limited understanding of how to determine whether and how adaptation is occurring. Through qualitative analysis of focus group interviews, I evaluated individual behavioral responses to local forest stressors that can arguably be linked to global...
Topics: Adaptation, Behavioral strategies, Climate change, Private forest owners, Temperate forests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As the global predictions and effects of climate change have been emerging in recent years, thermal comfort is a growing concern for the marginalised, remote populations of the world including First Nations peoples. This paper draws on data from a qualitative climate change study with Australian Aboriginal people in the remote semi-arid region of Northwest Queensland and other regional studies to explore ways that yards can enhance thermal performance around conventional housing. Our...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Cross-cultural landscapes, Indigenous housing, Remote Australia, Yards
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yuping Bai; Xiangzheng Deng; Yue Zhang; Chao Wang; Yu Liu
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Extreme climate events have become more frequent and severe as a result of climate change. In semi-arid pastoral regions, extreme drought is harmful to livestock production and to vulnerable human communities and livelihoods. In this study, we considered extreme drought in semi-arid regions and investigated climate adaptations taken by the local vulnerable households and their effects on livestock production. We first analyzed the characteristics of spatio-temporal variation of extreme drought...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Extreme drought, Hulun Buir, Technical efficiency of livestock production
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefano Terzi; Silvia Torresan; Stefan Schneiderbauer; Andrea Critto; Marc Zebisch; Antonio Marcomini
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Climate change has already led to a wide range of impacts on our society, the economy and the environment. According to future scenarios, mountain regions are highly vulnerable to climate impacts, including changes in the water cycle (e.g. rainfall extremes, melting of glaciers, river runoff), loss of biodiversity and ecosystems services, damages to local economy (drinking water supply, hydropower generation, agricultural suitability) and human safety (risks of natural hazards). This is due to...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Event trees, Multi-risk assessment, System dynamic modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kerstin K. Zander; Carmen Richerzhagen; Stephen T. Garnett
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Climate change and associated weather extremes and natural hazards have large impacts on the urban population of the Global South where population growth will rapidly increase the already large number of people who will be affected. Using Protection Motivation Theory (PMT), we investigate how hot temperatures, manifested as heat stress, is affecting the intentions of moving among the urban population in three Asian countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines). We conducted an online survey with...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Indonesia, Malaysia, Migration intentions, Philippines, Protection...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Olga V. Churakova (Sidorova); Marina V. Fonti; Lola Schmid; Galina Timofeeva; Katja T. Rinne-Garmston; Christof Bigler
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Elevated CO 2 along with rising temperature and water deficits can lead to changes in tree physiology and leaf biochemistry. These changes can increase heat- and drought-induced tree mortality. We aim to reveal the impacts of climatic drivers on individual compounds at the leaf level among European larch (Larix decidua) and mountain pine (Pinus mugo) trees, which are widely distributed at high elevations. We investigated seasonal carbon isotope composition (δ 13 C) and concentration patterns...
Topics: Abiotic stress, Adaptation, Carbohydrates, Climate, Forest dieback, Organic acids, Tree needles
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Miguel Esteban; Ma Laurice Jamero; Leonard Nurse; Lilian Yamamoto; Hiroshi Takagi; Nguyen Danh Thao; Takahito Mikami; Paul Kench; Motoharu Onuki; Angelie Nellas; Richard Crichton; Ven Paolo Valenzuela; Christopher Chadwick; John Erick Avelino; Nicholson Tan; Tomoya Shibayama
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In the past two decades there have been fears that many low-lying atoll islands around the world could disappear as a consequence of climate change and sea level rise, leading to mass migration and threatening the existence of several island nations. Here we show how sea level rise does not inevitably lead to coastal areas becoming uninhabitable, and that humans have an innate and often underestimated capacity to adapt to changes in their environment. To do so we showcase three instances of...
Topics: Adaptation, Atolls, Climate change, Land subsidence, Sea level rise
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Rita Pasimeni; Donatella Valente; Giovanni Zurlini; Irene Petrosillo
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The growing recognition of the contribution of urban areas to adaptation and mitigation strategies implemented in response to climate change has led to several policy initiatives. Among others, the “Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy” is the most acknowledged, providing local governments with the opportunity to overcome the mitigation-adaptation dichotomy and enhance urban resilience. In this context, the main aim of this paper is to analyse the synergy between adaptation and...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, Mitigation strategies, SECAPs, Urban adaptive capacity, Urban resilience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eranga K. Galappaththi; James D. Ford; Elena M. Bennett
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There is a rapidly growing body of scholarship on climate change adaptation in diverse contexts globally. Despite this, climate adaptation at the community level has not received adequate conceptual attention, and a limited number of analytical frameworks are available for assessing place-specific adaptations, particularly in a fisheries context. We use conceptual material from social-ecological systems (SES) resilience and human development resilience to build an integrated framework for...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Conceptual framework, Development, Fisheries, Place-based elements,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christin Haida; Ashok K. Chapagain; Wolfgang Rauch; Maximilian Riede; Katrin Schneider
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This article presents a bottom-up approach which attempts to link the Water Footprint (WF) concept with climate change adaptation and capacity development. The approach was developed and tested in cooperation with a partner school in Austria aiming to provide a starting point for WF assessment and formulate an improvement response. The pupils reduced their WF by 9%, and became change agents. The approach assists young people to develop self-efficacy by discovering the connection between their...
Topics: Austria, Climate change adaptation, Freshwater management policy, Tyrol, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hongbo Duan; Gupeng Zhang; Shouyang Wang; Ying Fan
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In this work, we develop a regional integrated assessment framework by incorporating both adaptation and mitigation mechanisms to conduct benefit-cost analysis of China's optimal adaptation and portray the relative adaptation cost curve. In particular, we explore the influence of induced optimal mitigation, given the 2-degree warming-increase target, on the effectiveness of adaptation. Although adaptation alone may not be able to tackle all the risks of climate change, it remains a benefit-cost...
Topics: Benefit-cost effectiveness, Integrated assessment modeling, Optimal adaptation, Targeted...
The dramatic drop in water levels in the Kinneret Lake (Sea of Galilee) during the past years is evaluated. Recently published measurements of temperature, precipitation and other hydrological data support the position that climate change is driving the contraction of this iconic water resource. The article presents a range of evidence confirming long-term shifts in the hydrological dynamics of the watershed and details the associated ecological implications. In response to these trends,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Depletion, Drought, Impacts, Lake of Kinneret (Sea of Galilee)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Axel Creach; Emilio Bastidas-Arteaga; Sophie Pardo; Denis Mercier
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Coastal flooding along the Atlantic coast caused by Storm Xynthia killed 41 people. The location and configuration of residential housing were the main factors affecting the vulnerability of people to flooding. The French government responded by destroying buildings in the most flood-prone areas and relocating residents to safer areas. This strategy attracted much criticism, in particular because of the high costs involved with demolition on this scale, and that not insufficient consideration...
Topics: Adaptation strategies, Climate change, Coastal flood, Economic assessment, Human vulnerability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ali Jamshed; Irfan Ahmad Rana; Usman Maqsood Mirza; Joern Birkmann
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Vulnerability and capacity assessment of hazard-prone communities is integral to the development of efficient disaster risk reduction strategies. Both concepts are known to be inter-linked and inter-dependent in disaster risk science as well as climate change adaptation literature. However, a holistic relationship between these two concepts is rarely studied which this research aims to assess by conducting an empirical study in Pakistan in the context of rural flooding. A total of 120 samples...
Topics: Capacity assessment, Climate change adaptation, Disaster risk reduction, Flood, Livelihood, Punjab,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Temperate zones including the UK and mainland Europe continue to be exposed to increasing temperatures and more frequent heatwaves as global warming continues. The built environment can mitigate the public health risk of overheating and recommendations for precautionary actions on homes have been published by government and industry. A key player in improving resilience is the householder, who can determine whether precautionary measures will be installed in their home. Previous research on...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate change resilience, Housing, Overheating, Protection motivation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hakna Ferro-Azcona; Alejandro Espinoza-Tenorio; Rafael Calderón-Contreras; Victoria C. Ramenzoni; Maria de las Mercedes Gómez País; Maria Azahara Mesa-Jurado
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Establishing protected areas constitutes one of the main strategies for the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems. Increasing risks associated with environmental change along with highly degraded coastal ecosystems encompass complex management challenges for the long-term sustainability of these landscapes. This article aims to explore the role of protected areas in past and ongoing community adaptation to the compounded effects of climatic and anthropogenic change. A literature review...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Global change, Marine and coastal areas, Protected areas, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yimin Wang; Jie Yang; Jianxia Chang; Ran Zhang
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Due to climate change and human activities, drought frequency and its corresponding impact have intensified in many regions across China. Reservoirs are key in regulating streamflow and mitigating a drought's impact. Therefore, it is vital to analyze their drought mitigation ability. In this study, the drought adaptation capacity and drought resistance capacity of the reservoir are selected as two drought mitigation ability metrics to measure the effectiveness of a reservoir when facing a...
Topics: Drought adaptation capacity, Drought mitigation ability, Drought resistance capacity, Reservoir,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shuang Yu; Jiangjiang Xia; Zhongwei Yan; Anzhi Zhang; Yang Xia; Dabo Guan; Jiarui Han; Jun Wang; Liang Chen; Yakun Liu
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Comparable estimates of the heat-related work productivity loss (WPL) in different countries over the world are difficult partly due to the lack of exact measures and comparable data for different counties. In this study, we analysed 4363 responses to a global online survey on the WPL during heat waves in 2016. The participants were from both developed and developing countries, facilitating estimates of the heat-related WPL across the world for the year. The heat-related WPL for each country...
Topics: Adaptation, Global warming targets, Heat waves, Representative concentration pathways, Work...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coastal wetlands and waterways are important for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. Many have been under threat from land clearing, infill development and, increasingly, to sea level rise. Such wetlands not only need to be conserved at their present locations, they must be also able to retreat landwards if ecological functionality and resilience are to be maintained. While land use planning processes and applications can provide a structured approach for both in situ conservation...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal adaptation, Ecosystem services, GIS, Planned retreat, Saltmarshes, Seal...
This study evaluates the effectiveness of climate change adaptation strategies in Berlin, Germany, on a summer day by using the urban climate model MUKLIMO_3. White coating, green roofs and a combination of both are analysed regarding their cooling ability on the 2 m-temperature. Additionally, horizontal and vertical compactness are evaluated in terms of their respective impact on the micro climate. An enhanced albedo of the urban surfaces leads to the highest cooling ability with a significant...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Enhanced compactness, Urban development, Urban heat island, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Meg Parsons; Johanna Nalau; Karen Fisher; Cilla Brown
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Scholars frequently identify how path dependency serves to constrain the process of climate adaptation and is a key feature of maladaptation. Most studies, however, centre on theoretical, rather than empirical-based discussions of what path dependency is, how it occurs, and what factors assist in breaking path dependency. This paper provides a case study for the creation, maintenance, and attempts to break path dependency within the management of rivers in the Rangitāiki Plains of Aotearoa New...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Flood risk, Indigenous peoples, New Zealand, Path dependency, River...
Since climate change involves uncertainty, complexity and massive, rapid disruptions, companies seeking to adapt need to search for specific and non-traditional knowledge. Social learning approaches have emerged as a promising way to address the issue of adaptation to climate change. This paper examines the structuring of a business strategy for adaptation in a Brazilian thermoplastic resin and petrochemical company to exemplify the extent to which internal changes in the organization's...
Topics: Business risk management, Climate change adaptation, Community of practice, Organizational...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Teresa Zölch; Mohammad A. Rahman; Elisabeth Pfleiderer; Georg Wagner; Stephan Pauleit
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People living in cities are experiencing summerly heat stress situations with severe consequences for their health, especially under climate change. Urban planning needs to address this problem focusing on areas where people are exposed to heat such as in public squares. Typical square designs include green infrastructure which can positively affect outdoor thermal comfort by providing regulating ecosystem services, but knowledge on the effectiveness of different design approaches is still...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Green design, Microclimate modelling, Outdoor thermal comfort, Urban planning,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tianni Wang; Zhuohua Qu; Daniel Bowden; Zaili Yang; Timothy Nichol; Delia Dimitriu; Geoff Clarke
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This paper aims to analyse the impacts of climate change to the current and predicted future situations of road transportation in the UK and evaluate the corresponding adaptation plans to cope with them. A conceptual framework of long-term adaptation planning for climate change in road systems is proposed to ensure the resilience and sustainability of road transport systems under various climate risks such as flooding and increased temperature. To do so, an advanced Fuzzy Bayesian Reasoning...
Topics: Adaptation measure, Bayesian networks, Climate change, Evidential reasoning, Risk analysis, Road...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Livia Bizikova; Patricia Larkin; Scott Mitchell; Ruth Waldick
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Resilience-based approaches to climate change have yet to be widely applied in agriculture. In this sector, indicators have been centered on the impacts of climate on production systems, crops, yields, infrastructure, financial performance, farmers’ livelihoods and food security. This paper focuses on designing an indicator set to capture the resilience of agriculture to inform decision-making frameworks and policies. The indicators’ selection and definition were driven by their relevance...
Topics: Adaptation to climate change, Agriculture, Canada, Farm management, Indicators, Ontario,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Depeng Wang; Shah Fahad; Shah Saud; Muhammad Kamran; Aziz Khan; Mohammad Nauman Khan; Hafiz Mohkum Hammad; Wajid Nasim
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Food security is confronted by major threats from crop yield stagnation and global climate change. The benefits of phenotypic plasticity across environments for given crop genotypes are thought to be imperative for high-yielding cropping systems. Given that 3D modeling is increasingly recognized for dissecting crop phenotypic plasticity, it requires an assessment of the potential benefits of architectural adaptation of super rice to different agronomic practices. In this study, we focused on a...
Topics: Canopy architecture, Leaf dispersion, Leaf orientation, Light harvest, Nitrogen economy, Phenotypic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Rising concentrations of atmospheric CO 2 results in higher equilibrium concentrations of dissolved CO 2 in natural waters, with corresponding increases in hydrogen ion and bicarbonate concentrations and decreases in hydroxyl ion and carbonate concentrations. Superimposed on these climate change effects is the dynamic nature of carbon cycling in coastal zones, which can lead to seasonal and diel changes in pH and CO 2 concentrations that can exceed changes expected for open ocean ecosystems by...
Topics: Acclimation, Adaptation, Algal toxins, Eutrophication, Experimental evolution, Global warming,...
Adaptation to health risk due to climate variability and change at the city level is inadequate, particularly in developing economies. Here, coping strategies with short-term benefits, adopted by the residents contribute significantly to their resilience. Decision on effective adaptation, therefore, requires economic evaluation of the coping and adaptation strategies in practise. In the present paper a novel framework using household health production function (HPF) approach has been developed...
Topics: Adaptation, City level, Decision support tool, Health production function (HPF) approach, Health...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiao Xiao; Erin Seekamp; Max Post van der Burg; Mitchell Eaton; Sandra Fatorić; Allie McCreary
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Climate change poses great challenges for cultural resource management, particularly in coastal areas. Cultural resources, such as historic buildings, in coastal areas are vulnerable to climate impacts including inundation, deterioration, and destruction from sea-level rise and storm-related flooding and erosion. However, research that assesses the trade-offs between actions for protecting vulnerable and valuable cultural resources under budgetary constraints is limited. This study focused on...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Cultural resource management, Decision analysis, Historic preservation,...
Clines in genetic variation along climate gradients documented for many species in temperate and boreal forests illustrate adaptation of forest tree populations to climate. Adaptation tends to involve balancing selection between high growth rates and stress resistance: a trade-off in resource allocation between stress tolerance and competitive ability that determines fundamental life history strategies. The growth-cold tolerance trade-off, in particular, has been well documented for many...
Topics: Climate change responses, Ecological genetics, Growth potential-cold hardiness trade-off, Local...
Over the next decades the ski tourism industry in the Alps must deal with two major challenges. First, demographic change will lead to aging skiers and declining skier demand. Second, climate change will result in a decreasing number of operating days and optimal ski days, reduced snow reliability and increasing operating costs in some destinations. Both impact factors cause a change in travel behavior of ski tourists. Effects on skier demand have been quantified for Austria, though not for the...
Topics: Adaptation measures, Climate change, Demographic change, Scenario development, Ski tourism economy,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Urban adaptation to climate change is likely to emerge from the responses of residents, authorities, and infrastructure providers to the impact of flooding, water scarcity, and other climate-related hazards. These responses are, in part, modulated by political relationships under cultural norms that dominate the institutional and collective decisions of public and private actors. The legacy of these decisions, which are often associated with investment in hard and soft infrastructure, has...
Topics: Adaptation, Agent-based model, Climate change, Flooding, Governance, Multi-criteria, Multi-scale,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Debojyoti Chakraborty; Robert Jandl; Stefan Kapeller; Silvio Schueler
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When considering options for adapting forests under climate change, climate is treated as the dominant driver of forest growth, while soil properties are often ignored mainly due to shortage of accurate data. The effects of climate and soil on forest growth may vary due to local adaptation to both climate and soil, and these local adaptations might need to be considered when transferring seed provenances under climate change. Data from 29 provenance trials of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.)...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Forest growth, Norway spruce, Picea abies, Provenance trials, Seed...
This paper explores some of the challenges involved in designing a monitoring framework for a complex policy initiative designed to support climate change adaptation in a highly varied and dynamic implementation environment. It looks specifically at the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) initiative called Action on Climate Today, a five-year programme that aims to support the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into policy systems in five countries and ten locations in...
Topics: Adaptation, Adoption, Categorical indicators, Complexity, Evaluative indicators, Policy initiative,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laingo M. Randrianarisoa; Anming Zhang
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We investigate the size and timing of investment in adaptation to climate change effects for ports, when efficiency of investment is uncertain and the market is competitive. We develop a two-period real options game model with two “landlord” ports, each consisting of a port authority (PA) and a downstream terminal operator company (TOC). The two PAs compete with each other at the upstream level, and the two TOCs downstream. The model assumes an accumulation of information about the...
Topics: Adaptation investment, Climate change effects, Extreme weather and natural disasters, Investment...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sofia R. Pauleta; Marta S.P. Carepo; Isabel Moura
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Nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming impact 300-fold higher than carbon dioxide. Due to its exponential increase in the atmosphere and its implications in climate change there is the need to develop strategies to mitigate its emissions and to reduce it to the inert dinitrogen gas. Only three enzymes have been reported to be able to reduce nitrous oxide, namely nitrogenase, one multicopper oxidase and nitrous oxide reductase, with the latter being the only one with a...
Topics: "CuA center, Denitrification, CuZ model compounds, Nitrous oxide, Nitrous oxide reductase"