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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. Coppola; D. Coffetti; E. Crotti; G. Gazzaniga; T. Pastore
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The concrete industry is the largest consumer of natural resources and the Portland cement, the binder of modern concrete mixtures, is not environmentally friendly. The world's cement production, in fact, contributes to the earth's atmosphere about 5–7% of the total CO 2 emissions, CO 2 being mainly responsible for global warming and climate change. As a consequence, concrete industry in the future has to feed the growing population needs – expected to rise up to ten billion in 2050 - being...
Topics: Sustainability, Sustainability index, Waste management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rodger E. Edwards; Eric Lou; Anas Bataw; Syahrul Nizam Kamaruzzaman; Christopher Johnson
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Growing climate change challenges and increasingly strict sustainability standards have led to a significant growth in the need for building refurbishment projects which are essentially focused on retrofitting in order to make them low carbon, energy efficient and environmentally friendly. The Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP) suggested that Building Information Modelling (BIM) should be used to achieve sustainability requirements during refurbishment projects as a correspondence to...
Topic: Sustainability-Led Design
Every year, the United States is faced with billions of dollars in damages and large numbers of deaths due to natural hazards. Resilience to these hazards has become a growing theme in sustainable design and the current global discourse on climate change adaptation. Coping with the challenges of earth's ever-shifting climate contextualizes the importance of resilience in sustainable development. To achieve greater resilience at a minimum environmental cost, the literature suggests developing a...
Topics: Green building standards, Integrated framework, Resilience, Sustainability, Sustainability...
Climate change will strongly affect essential ecosystem services, like the provision of freshwater, food production, soil erosion and flood control. Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices are increasingly promoted to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, but there is lack of evidence at scales most relevant for policymaking. We evaluated the effectiveness of SLM in a large Mediterranean catchment where climate change is projected to significantly reduce water security. We...
Topics: Soil erosion, Sustainability, Water security
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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It has been suggested that climate change is the biggest threat to public health for the 21st Century; increased demand on health services will impact on already overstretched resources and systems will need to be able to respond. However limited attention is given to climate change and sustainability in nursing education; there is no clear guidance on curricula content for nurses or recommendations regarding the skills and competencies that will be required. Literature published in Dutch,...
Topics: Climate change, Education, Nursing, Sustainability
To achieve ecological sustainability and sustainable development represents a crucial challenge for the human kind, which depends on numerous driving forces, frequently opposing each other. Nevertheless, when dealing for instance with estuaries and coastal areas, three major drivers may in any case be identified, which are the search for human well-being in its several aspects, the conservation of environmental equilibrium, essential to ecological sustainability, and systems’ resilience in...
Topics: Ecological Sustainability Trigon (EST), Sustainability challenges, conceptual problems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sara Goto Gray; Kaitlin T. Raimi; Robyn Wilson; Joseph Árvai
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Are younger people, defined by age, or younger generations, defined by cohort-level measures, more concerned about declines in environmental health when compared to their older counterparts within the United States? Related, are these same people more willing to support policy actions aimed at preventing future losses when compared to older adults? In spite of reporting by the U.S. popular press about the heightened environmental consciousness of Millennials, prior research offers conflicting...
Topics: Age, Environmental loss, Generational differences, Millennials, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Green gas is a promising renewable energy carrier compatible with existing gas networks, whose environmental impact and capacity to decarbonise the energy sector is evaluated by life cycle assessment (LCA). This articles reviews 42 LCAs applied to biomethane, produced by anaerobic digestion, and bio-SNG, produced by gasification and methanation, discussing the main methodological choices and their effects on the results, and highlighting the limits of the use of LCA as a stand-alone approach in...
Topics: Biomethane, Green gas, LCA, SNG, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jessica Aschemann-Witzel; Gastón Ares; John Thøgersen; Erminio Monteleone
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Background: Humanity's current use of resources is not in line with the goal of sustainable development. Climate change impact scenarios appear worryingly pessimistic. The agricultural and food production accounts for a particularly high share of the impact, and this also holds for consumption of food. Transforming food consumption plays a crucial role in tackling the challenges, and sensory consumer science can contribute to this. Scope and approach: This commentary examines what is required...
Topics: Consumer behaviour, Perception, Research, Sensory science, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sherif Mahmoud; Tarek Zayed; Mohammad Fahmy
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Under climate change impacts, the world is becoming one village. This motivated the application of sustainability rating systems of buildings away from their origins which is hindered by the different attributes and weights. Hence, this study developed a global sustainability rating tool for existing buildings, considering the regional variations through proposing sustainability assessment attributes and determining their weights utilizing fuzzy logic. Data was collected through Canadian and...
Topics: BREEAM, CASBEE, LEED, Sustainability ranking, Sustainable rating systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Himanshu Shekhar; Alexander J. Schmidt; Hans Werner Wehling
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This paper explores wellbeing as a central concept in the larger conceptual framework of human settlement planning that combines ongoing debates related to climate change, sustainability, resilience, earth jurisprudence and builds upon similar recent research. As more and more people are living in larger settlements, there is growing a curiosity as well as need to understand what wellbeing is and how it can be understood from the spatial planning perspective. Prominent contemporary global...
Topics: Happiness, Quality of life, Sustainability, Urban planning, Wellbeing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ádám Kertész; Loránd Attila Nagy; Boglárka Balázs
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Land Use and Land Cover Changes (LULCC) are interrelated with other global processes like global climate change, population growth, land degradation etc. Land use structure of a given area, region is adapted to the requirements of human society since the appearance of human beings. Land use structure is understood as the proportion of land use types orruring in a given area. The objective of the paper is to analyse land use changes in Lake Balaton catchment, Hungary and to present the role of...
Topics: Lake Balaton, Land degradation, Land use change, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh; Ivan Savin; Stefan Drews
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The evolution of opinions in the long-standing debate on growth-versus-environment may affect support for important sustainability policies, in areas such as biodiversity loss, climate change, deforestation and freshwater scarcity. In order to understand this evolution, we develop a model describing the dynamics of four distinct opinions as identified in recent surveys, namely growth-at-all-cost, green growth, agrowth and degrowth. The model is based on modifying standard replicator dynamics to...
Topics: Climate change, Economic growth, Environment, Opinion dynamics, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Amato; F. Ferella; F. Vegliò; V. Innocenzi; N. M. Ippolito; C. Pillar Jimenez Gomez; F. Beolchini
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The rare earth elements (REEs) were classified as critical raw materials for Europe for their economic relevance and the supply risk. Currently, most of REE production is concentrated in the Chinese area and it is used for the production of many technologies including: fluorescent lamps, fluid catalytic cracking catalysts and permanent magnets. At the end of their life, these products can cause management problems, mainly due to the hazardous component presence. Nevertheless, this critical...
Topics: Catalytic cracking catalysts, Economic sustainability, Environmental sustainability, Fluorescent...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lori Marino
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The idea of colonizing Mars as an opportunity to sustain the human species is a popular one currently. However, it is based on false premises and ignores the abundant evidence demonstrating that our species is not capable of living on any planet sustainably. Human psychology, and the problems associated with our species’ biases and cognitive limitations, will follow us to any planet and replicate the same issues we face on earth.
Topics: Climate change, Colonization, Mars, Mass extinction, Sustainability
Von Hoerner (“Population Explosion and Interstellar Expansion,” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 28, 691–712, 1975; hereafter VH75) examined the effects of human population growth and predicted agricultural, environmental, and other problems from observed growth rate trends. Using straightforward calculations, VH75 predicted the “doomsday” years for these scenarios (≈2020–2050), when we as a species should run out of space or food, or induce catastrophic...
Topics: Anthropocene, Astrobiology, Climate change, Fermi paradox, SETI, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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With industrial CO 2 -emission reduction the heart of carbon capture enabling technologies, we report on a solution engineered to potentially redress the issues of soil improvement and sustainable use of fresh water for food production. In a laboratory-scale pilot study, we demonstrate the capabilities of an innovative and novel product utilising carbon-capture to restore soil properties critical for crop production. In the first study of its kind, the carbon-initiated mode-of-action resulted...
Topics: Agriculture, CCU, Carbon capture, Soil, Sustainability, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Margaux Y. Hein; Alastair Birtles; Bette L. Willis; Naomi Gardiner; Roger Beeden; Nadine A. Marshall
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Coral restoration is increasingly used globally as a management tool to minimize accelerating coral reef degradation resulting from climate change. Yet, the science of coral restoration is still very focused on ecological and technical considerations, impeding the understanding of how coral restoration can be used to improve reef resilience in the context of socio-ecological systems. Here, we visited four well-established coral restoration projects in different regions of the world (Thailand,...
Topics: Coral restoration, Reef resilience, Socio-ecological systems, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. L. Coleman; J. S. Ascher; D. Bickford; D. Buchori; A. Cabanban; R. A. Chisholm; K. Y. Chong; P. Christie; G. R. Clements; T. E.E. dela Cruz; W. Dressler; D. P. Edwards; C. M. Francis; D. A. Friess; X. Giam; L. Gibson
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Southeast (SE) Asia holds high regional biodiversity and endemism levels but is also one of the world's most threatened regions. Local, regional and global threats could have severe consequences for the future survival of many species and the provision of ecosystem services. In the face of myriad pressing environmental problems, we carried out a research prioritisation exercise involving 64 experts whose research relates to conservation biology and sustainability in SE Asia. Experts proposed...
Topics: Conservation biology, Expert elicitation, Extinction, Research priorities, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vanessa Novoa; Katia Sáez; José Luis Arumí
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Amid the growing population, climate change and decreasing water availability, water resources planning faces the challenge of achieving efficient and equitable water use, mainly in food production, its greatest consumer. The sustainability of agricultural water consumption in the Cachapoal River basin (34°S 71°O) is assessed using the blue (WFS blue ) and gray water footprint sustainability (WFS gray ) indicators under conditions of climate variability. The WFS blue indicator of agricultural...
Topics: Environmental flow, Scarcity, Sustainability indicators, Unsustainability, Water availability,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Md Samsul Alam; Muhammad Atif; Chu Chien-Chi; Uğur Soytaş
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The rate of climate change due to global warming has become a substantial concern and appeared as a real-world phenomenon in the recent years. However, it is imperative to know how business enterprises alter such concern. Recent studies involve a variety of firm-level factors to create a robust link between business enterprises' environmental and financial performance. However, little is known regarding the role of research and development (R&D) investment on firms' environmental...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Corporate R&D investment, Energy intensity, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiyue Jia; David O'Connor; Deyi Hou; Yuanliang Jin; Chunmiao Zheng; Yong Sik Ok; Daniel C.W. Tsang; Jian Luo
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China is facing a groundwater depletion and deterioration crisis, culminating from long-term over-exploitation and groundwater contamination. Aggravating factors include population growth, unprecedented urbanization and climate change. Sustainable groundwater management is called for, however, a valid means for a national-scale assessment of groundwater resource sustainability does not currently exist. Here we present a drivers-pressures-states-impact-response (DPSIR) assessment framework....
Topics: DPSIR, Groundwater contamination, Groundwater depletion, Groundwater resource, Sustainability...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Raul P. Lejano
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While the goals of sustainability and resilience look to the health and function of the system, a new criterion, relationality, focuses relationship and the degree of connectedness, social and otherwise, among persons (and even nonhuman others). It is founded upon an ethic of care that posits that no one is left alone, and that society must place a primary focus on the most vulnerable. This is particularly relevant when considering how cities are beginning to deal with increasingly frequent and...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme weather, Relationality, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mo Li; Qiang Fu; Ping Guo; Vijay P. Singh; Chenglong Zhang; Gaiqiang Yang
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Agricultural water scarcity is a global problem and effective management of limited water resources for irrigation to meet socioeconomic demands for sustainable development is a huge challenge. A stochastic multi-objective non-linear programming (SMONLP) model is developed for the identification of sound irrigation water allocation schemes. The SMONLP model improves upon previous methods by tackling contradictions of society-economy-resources as well as reflecting uncertainty expressed as...
Topics: Changing environment, Irrigation water allocation, Modelling, Stochastic multi-objective,...
This article deals with environmentally-oriented crowdfunding projects. Drawing on agency-theory, it analyses the implementation of such projects, after they have been successfully financed via-crowdfunding. More specifically, this article firstly investigates whether environmental ventures implement the measures they have advertised during the crowdfunding campaign. Secondly, it examines in how far environmentally-oriented ventures disclose the environmental benefits that have been created...
Topics: Agency theory, Climate change, Crowdfunding, Disclosure, Implementation, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanan Cao; Jianshuang Wu; Xianzhou Zhang; Ben Niu; Meng Li; Yanjie Zhang; Xiangtao Wang
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Forage-livestock balance is important for sustainable management of alpine grasslands under global change, but the robustness of diverse algorithms for assessing forage-livestock balance is still unclear. This study compiled long-term (2009–2014) field observations of aboveground biomass (AGB). Using climate and remote sensing data, we evaluated the inter-annual dynamics of the forage-livestock balance on the Northern Tibetan Plateau (NTP). Here, we assumed that AGB dynamics in fenced...
Topics: Aboveground biomass, Climate change, Forage-livestock balance, Human activities, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Angelina Frankowska; Harish Kumar Jeswani; Adisa Azapagic
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A healthy diet depends on the daily intake of vegetables. Yet, their environmental impacts along the full supply chains are scarcely known. Therefore, this paper provides for the first time a comprehensive evaluation of the life cycle environmental impacts of vegetables consumed in UK. The impacts are assessed for 56 fresh and processed products produced domestically and imported from abroad, considering both the product and sectoral levels. At the product level, taking into account the market...
Topics: Climate change, Energy, Food, Life cycle assessment, Sustainability, Water footprint
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mehdi Hedayati; Philippa M. Brock; Gunasekhar Nachimuthu; Graeme Schwenke
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For many agricultural commodity sectors, efforts to meet international obligations regarding emissions reduction are increasing. The Australian cotton industry has already made advances in this regard and the high yields associated with Australian cotton production dramatically minimise greenhouse gas emissions intensity. However, certainty about the quantum of greenhouse gas emissions and the relative contribution of different components of the emissions profile is somewhat unclear; and...
Topics: Climate mitigation, Cotton production, Life cycle assessment, Nitrous oxide, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Katharina Hölscher; Niki Frantzeskaki; Timon McPhearson; Derk Loorbach
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Climate change actions in cities worldwide are driving deep changes in urban governance. We ask whether new capacities for transformative climate governance are emerging in two cities that have experimented with urban climate governance: Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and New York City (NYC), United States. Transformative climate governance creates the conditions for developing integrated and innovative climate mitigation and adaptation policies and interventions that respond to and shape urban...
Topics: Agency, Cities, Governance capacity, Resilience, Sustainability transition, Urban climate governance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Most projections of climate change for southern Africa describe a hotter and drier future with catastrophic consequences for the environment and socio-ecological sustainability of the region. This study investigated whether evidence of the projections for the climate and vegetation of the subcontinent is already evident. Analysis of the climate record indicate that the historical trend of increasing temperature is consistent with future projections for the region. Rainfall, however, apparently...
Topics: Bioclimatic envelope models, Climate change impacts, Degradation, Desertification, Sustainability
The steadily growing aquaculture industry has been blamed for increasing environmental impacts at local and global levels. The greatest increase in production is expected for freshwater fish, such as carp and related species. Decisions on sustainable environmental management strategies in aquaculture should be based on quantitative analyses of their environmental impacts. In this study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was employed to compare the environmental impacts of conventional and...
Topics: Fish farming, Food production, LCA, Sustainability, Sustainable development
In recent years, following the amendment to the European renewable energy directive (RED), there is an increasing interest to exploit Crude Tall Oil (CTO) for energetic purposes. This study conducted an integrated assessment to quantify the environmental, economic and social impact of these two competing material and energetic routes that consume CTO as a feedstock. The integrated assessment follows a cradle-to-grave approach to compare the impact on climate change from the production of...
Topics: Cascading use, Crude tall oil, Integrated sustainability assessment, Pine chemicals, Renewable...
In order to devise scientific and sustainable development strategy, it is vital to assess the quality of economic growth. As a useful complement to traditional economic indicators, GPI's most reputed virtue is its great improvement in evaluating environmental and social costs. In this paper we estimate the GPI for all 31 provinces in mainland China from 1997 to 2016. GPI estimation is highly sensitive to income inequality, climate change damage, and depletion of non-renewables. We address...
Topics: Economic growth quality, Environmental sustainability, Genuine progress indicator, Relative...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Karl S. Zimmerer; Stef de Haan; Gisella S. Cruz-Garcia; Andrew D. Jones; Hilary Creed-Kanashiro; Milka Tello; Miluska Carrasco; Krysty Meza; Franklin Plasencia Amaya; Ramzi Tubbeh; Yolanda Jiménez Olivencia
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Multiple knowledge systems are crucial to understand human-environment interactions of the biodiversity of agriculture and food systems (agrobiodiversity). This article synthesizes these knowledge systems to formulate the novel Agrobiodiversity Knowledge Framework comprised of four themes: (1) ecology and evolution; (2) governance; (3) food, nutrition, and health; and (4) global environmental and socioeconomic changes. Resulting characterization of these knowledge themes, joined with...
Topics: Agrobiodiversity Knowledge Framework, Anthropocene, Biodiversity, Food systems, Global change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Organizations worldwide can play a significant role in the advancement of the Sustainable Development Agenda. However, there might be various factors influencing organizations’ decisions to address sustainability issues. This study aims to conduct an analysis of the country-level institutional factors related to the decision to address the Sustainable Development Goals in sustainability reports. The research is undertaken by considering 27 institutional factors belonging to six different...
Topics: Country-level analysis, Institutional factors, SDG reporting, Sustainability reporting, Sustainable...
In the present study, a novel model-based approach is detailed for optimal design and analysis of clean and economic production technologies regardless of temporal and local restrictions. Accordingly, a dual-layer mathematical model is developed in which techno-economic and life cycle analyses are integrated in the first layer using a novel self-sustainability flowchart and the nexus between the water, energy, and carbon sectors are investigated in the second layer using an input/output...
Topics: Life cycle assessment, Power and freshwater cogeneration, Renewable energy, Self-sustainability,...
Reality of climate change threats have spurred mitigation interventions across the world. For electricity sector, the interventions are predominantly in terms of mainstreaming renewable energy sources. Consequently, there is a consistent increase in the share of renewable energy-based electricity systems which has caused emergence of several new challenges. The challenges have emerged both with respect to planning and management of the transitioning electricity systems. These new challenges are...
Topics: Electricity system transition, Generation expansion planning, Power system modelling, Renewable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Anne Tolvanen; Pasi Eilu; Veera Salokannel; Artti Juutinen; Katja Kangas; Mari Kivinen; Mira Markovaara-Koivisto; Arto Naskali; Seija Tuulentie; Jukka Similä
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The development of mining and other resource-based industries are among key drivers of economic development in the Arctic. The fragile environment and the presence of nature-based livelihoods and indigenous communities pose challenges for mining development. Mining operations should be optimized so that the profitability is maintained in changing market conditions and to meet increasing societal and environmental demands. In this study we present the current understanding on the interplay...
Topics: Biodiversity, Economic valuation, Impact assessment, Mineral resources, Social licence to operate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christian Thies; Karsten Kieckhäfer; Thomas S. Spengler; Manbir S. Sodhi
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The environmental and social impacts of products are being increasingly scrutinized. This necessitates systematic assessment methods. Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA) provides a framework to addresses diverse sustainability issues over the product's life cycle, but its application is complicated. Major challenges, such as the selection of relevant indicators, multi-criteria comparisons of alternatives, the treatment of uncertainties, or the integration of spatially differentiated...
Topics: Data envelopment analysis, Literature review, Multiple criteria analysis, OR in environment and...
Phosphorus (P) is an essential constituent for all living organisms, scarce with finite reserves. P is deficient in Sub Saharan Africa threatening primary production. That in part is due to the occlusion of P in Fe and Al oxides in the weathered soils. This problem is aggravated by the high cost of P fertilizers, lack of both appropriate technologies for its application and government support to facilitate and strengthen its use in small-scale farming. Evaluation of soil P availability in the...
Topics: Arenosols, Available soil P status, Forest productivity and sustainability, Low input systems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Otto; Sandra Caeiro; Paula Nicolau; Antje Disterheft; António Teixeira; Sara Becker; Alexander Bollmann; Kirsten Sander
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Climate change can be regarded as one of the key topics of sustainable development where public awareness and education are crucial. In the field of education, Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) have raised remarkable attention throughout the last decade as their initial objective is to provide massive open online education for everyone. This article aims to explore the impact of MOOCs on learning about climate change. This is necessary in order to evaluate whether MOOCs can make a substantial...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy, Distance learning, Massive online open courses (MOOCs),...
In times of climate change, biodiversity loss, or growing natural resource scarcity, the circular business model (CBM) concept is increasingly attractive, promoting the reorganization of current value creation architectures and supply chains toward a sustainable system of production and consumption. Driven by a vision of continued economic expansion and growth on a planet with finite natural resources, CBMs are endorsed by political institutions, multinational corporations, business...
Topics: Business model innovation, Circular business model, Circular economy, Sustainability transitions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aleksander Banasik; Argyris Kanellopoulos; Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard; G. D.H. Claassen
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Due to the increasing awareness of climate change, depletion of natural resources, and increasing world population, companies in the agri-food sector need to redesign their existing supply chains and take into account both the economic and environmental impact of their operations. In practice not all the required information is available in advance due to various sources of uncertainty in agri-food supply chains. In this research a multi-objective two-stage stochastic programming model is...
Topics: Green supply chain management, Multi objective programming, Scenario based two-stage stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ali Tighnavard Balasbaneh; Abdul Kadir Bin Marsono; Adel Gohari
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Flood risk is increasing rapidly around the world owing to the influence of climate change on precipitation levels. The refurbishment process is a complicated method of building construction after flooding. This study assesses all building costs in parallel with environmental emissions after repairs in a flood zone, in non-flood situations and when a flood hits the building, to determine the feasibility of repairs. Five types of building materials including common brick, concrete block, steel...
Topics: Building adaptation, Flood disaster, Global warming potential, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle...
Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the main greenhouse gas (GHG) and its atmospheric concentration is currently 50% higher than pre-industrial levels. The continuous GHGs emissions may lead to severe and irreversible consequences in the climate system. The reduction of GHG emissions may be not enough to mitigate climate change. Consequently, besides carbon capture from large emission sources, atmospheric CO 2 capture may be also required. To meet the target defined for climate change mitigation, the...
Topics: Atmospheric CO 2 concentration, Biochar, Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage, Negative...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nabila Farhana Jamaludin; Zarina Ab Muis; Haslenda Hashim
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Palm oil industry has received criticism from various parties on the issue of sustainability and the greenhouse gases. Carbon footprint accounting are widely used as a metric of climate change impacts and the main focus of many sustainability policies among companies and authorities. However, carbon footprint accounting has limitation to represent sustainability as a whole and may resulting inaccurate selection of further mitigation. This paper evaluates sustainability and greenhouse gases...
Topics: Big data analysis, Carbon accounting, Carbon footprint, Carbon footprint accounting, Integrated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sofia R. Pauleta; Marta S.P. Carepo; Isabel Moura
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Nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming impact 300-fold higher than carbon dioxide. Due to its exponential increase in the atmosphere and its implications in climate change there is the need to develop strategies to mitigate its emissions and to reduce it to the inert dinitrogen gas. Only three enzymes have been reported to be able to reduce nitrous oxide, namely nitrogenase, one multicopper oxidase and nitrous oxide reductase, with the latter being the only one with a...
Topics: "CuA center, Denitrification, CuZ model compounds, Nitrous oxide, Nitrous oxide reductase"
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
1.1 billion of the world's population still does not have access to electricity in the 21st century. Most of that population resides in the rural communities in developing countries in South Asia, Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. Access to electricity can eliminate existing problems related to health, education, social life, economy and the environment, and can increase the income of underserved communities. Most of the yet to be energized regions are in remote, isolated areas, that cannot...
Topics: First Access Systems, Innovative Solutions for Energy, Leap-frogging in Power Systems, Microgrids,...