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The Greenhouse gas emissions one of the hot topics all around the world which are causing climate change. In the face of anthropogenic climate change, increasing the carbon dioxide emissions as well as the development of Turkey seems to be a serious challenge for the success of global carbon dioxide emission reduction efforts. A decomposition analysis of historical and projected carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion of Turkey has been investigated by using the Logarithmic Mean...
Topics: Kaya identity, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Izzet Ari; Riza Fikret Yikmaz
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The aim of this study is to analyse impacts of renewable energy sources in achieving Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) targets of Turkey. INDCs as a part the Paris Agreement are based on national circumstances of countries on climate change. In order to reach the global goal of the Paris Agreement, countries shall monitor, update and upgrade their INDCs. The overall target of Turkish INDC is to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions up to 21 per cent from the Business as...
Topics: INDCs, Renewable Energy, The Paris Agreement
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The current study uses a new methodology where the assessment of building cooling demand savings is obtained through a redefined concept of the Climatic Cooling Potential (CCP). This concept allows for the direct estimation of energy savings in buildings by the use of different passive cooling systems at a large spatiotemporal scale. In this paper, we apply this method to assess the impact of climate change on the future potential of Direct Ventilation and Evaporative Cooling. To do so, a set...
Topics: Passive cooling, Renewable energy resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosemary N. Wojuola; Busisiwe P. Alant
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Increasing demands for energy, growing environmental concerns and the constraints of conventional energy sources have generated the need for public education on renewable energy, and the need for government policy to embrace renewable energy technologies. This paper is based on a previous study that explored the beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the Nigerian public to renewable energy technologies so as to derive implications for science and technology policy and education in the country. A...
Topics: Climate change, Energy education, Renewable energy, Renewable energy technologies (RETs), Science...
To develop renewable energy as well as promote China's transition to a low-carbon economy, the government needs to pay attention to renewable energy technological innovation (RETI). Using China's provincial panel data from 2000 to 2015, and regarding the CO 2 emissions as the proxy of climate change, this paper identifies the relationship between RETI and CO 2 emissions as well as seeks to confirm the role of RETI on climate change. The linear regression model confirms that the RETI has a...
Topics: Panel threshold model, Renewable energy technological innovation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Erin C. Pischke; Barry Solomon; Adam Wellstead; Alberto Acevedo; Amarella Eastmond; Fernando De Oliveira; Suani Coelho; Oswaldo Lucon
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There are numerous strategies to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or to mitigate global climate change. One of them is to promote polices for developing renewable energy sources. There has been a growth in such policies but not enough is known about their effectiveness. We use a revised version of Schaffrin et al.'s (2015) Index of Policy Activity (IPA)1 to examine the historical development (1998–2015) of federal and state/provincial renewable energy policies across five federal...
Topics: Climate change, Pan-America, Policy output, Renewable energy
This study examines the Kyoto Protocol's impact on the international diffusion of renewable energy technologies including solar and wind energy. Using patent application data of 133 countries from 1990 to 2013 and a difference-in-difference approach, we find that the Kyoto Protocol increased international patent applications from the countries with emission targets. The effect appeared over many years during the period studied, particularly for solar energy technology. When we focus on...
Topics: International patent applications, Kyoto protocol, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In an era where achieving both economic growth and environmental sustainability is paramount, the role of technology diffusion remains an important one. Recent literature explores the link between geographical proximity and the adoption and diffusion of climate change adaptation policies. However, it has generally focused on a restricted set of developed countries and focused on the diffusion of policy instrument rather than the outcome of the policies. In this paper, we argue that domestic...
Topics: Policy adoption, Renewable energy, Technology diffusion, Trade
Renewable energy consumption has been promoted to mitigate climate change problems under various schemes, such as the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. A country's choice of energy resources depends on the balancing of economic growth and environmental degradation, which will be closely related to its development stage. This study examines how the relationship between renewable energy consumption and carbon emissions is associated with the development stage by applying a panel...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Panel cointegration analysis, Renewable energy consumption
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher A. Craig; Elizabeth L. Petrun Sayers
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Young millennials will play an important role in addressing the intergenerational climate change crisis related to energy production. Drawing from the Theory of Planned Behavior and community resilience literatures, we analyzed how awareness of local clean energy initiatives, risk perceptions, environmental messaging, and environmental orientation influence young millennial support for federal clean energy policy and taxes as mediated through local clean energy support.
Topics: Environmental messaging, Renewable energy, Theory of planned behavior
This study reviews conservative political party policy positions in six European countries with high greenhouse-gas emissions (France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the U.K.). Using party platform statements from recent election campaigns, the positions of moderate conservative parties are compared with those of far-right political parties to investigate similarities and differences on energy-transition policy. Three areas of policy are considered: climate-change mitigation,...
Topics: Energy transitions, Fossil fuels, Policy, Political parties, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In recent years, the climate funds stood out as tool to counter the climate change and its environmental impact financing adaptation. Moreover they represent an instrument to promote practices to support the developing countries in their path towards the sustainability. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of the introduction of policies implementing the use of climate funds. To reach it we analyze the funds received by the recipient through a counterfactual analysis. The...
Topics: Climate finance, Counterfactual analysis, Economic growth, Renewable energy sources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kajsa Ahlgren Ode; Jessica Lagerstedt Wadin
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Distributed solar photovoltaic systems are considered an important renewable energy source for meeting renewable energy targets and mitigating climate change. In several markets, emerging firms have established new business models to offer residential customers solar panel systems. In California, the third-party ownership business model has been successfully established during the last decade, and is currently spreading to other markets. Through a longitudinal case study, this paper explores...
Topics: Business model, Entrepreneurship, Renewable energy, Solar photovoltaics, Translation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amanda Ahl; Masaru Yarime; Kenji Tanaka; Daishi Sagawa
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The future of energy is complex, with fluctuating renewable resources in increasingly distributed systems. It is suggested that blockchain technology is a timely innovation with potential to facilitate this future. Peer-to-peer (P2P) microgrids can support renewable energy as well as economically empower consumers and prosumers. However, the rapid development of blockchain and prospects for P2P energy networks is coupled with several grey areas in the institutional landscape. The purpose of...
Topics: Blockchain, Institutions, Microgrid, Peer-to-peer, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elia Elisa Cia Alves; Andrea Steiner; Marcelo de Almeida Medeiros; Marcelo Eduardo Alves da Silva
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How do renewable energy policies (REPs) diffuse internationally? Are there differences between developed and developing countries? Which actors are diffusing these REPs? Also, what predominates when considering REP diffusion, national or international factors? The goal of this paper is to analyze the main vectors and actors that influence renewable energy policy adoption and identify differences between developed and developing countries. We access those questions by a mixed method analysis:...
Topics: Panel analysis, Poisson regression model, Policy diffusion, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In the coming decades humanity will be confronted with a number of complex challenges affecting the prosperity and livelihood of billions of people around the globe. The root of these challenges lies in the downright explosion in global population over the last decades combined with a staggering increase of urbanization rates leading to an unprecedented level of demand for food, water, materials and space. Consequently, growing scarcity of essential resources are an ever increasing threat...
Topics: Climate change, Global megatrends, Renewable energy, Urban expansion
Agricultural professionals play an important role in informing and educating farmers about biofuel through teaching or extension work. One of the questions commonly asked is if they are knowledgeable and possess positive attitude towards renewable energy sources. The aim of this article is to investigate Agricultural professionals' attitude and willingness towards biofuel using a random sample of professionals (n = 180) in a survey conducted in Zanjan province in Iran. Structural equation...
Topics: Agriculture extension, Biofuel, Climate change, Perception, Renewable energy, Rural development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Renewable energy, as an important part of the world's energy system, is conducive to the harmonious development of humanity and nature. China has been paying considerable attention to renewable energy given the growing pressure of energy shortages and environmental deterioration. The legal framework of renewable energy in China has greatly contributed to the achievements already made in this field; however, it is still insufficient to integrate renewable energy into the national energy system....
Topics: Achievements and problems, China, Improvement, Law and policy, Renewable energy
In the coming decades, higher temperatures, significantly reduced rainfall and changing wind speeds are projected for various semiarid regions due to Global Warming. Hydroelectric production in Brazil's São Francisco basin has already declined as a result of regional climate change, however less is known about the impacts on other renewable resources. The objective of this study is to estimate the impact of climate change on Brazil's solar and wind energy resources. Data from three different...
Topics: Climate change, PV, Renewable energy, Solar radiation, Wind power
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Diego F. Correa; Hawthorne L. Beyer; Joseph E. Fargione; Jason D. Hill; Hugh P. Possingham; Skye R. Thomas-Hall; Peer M. Schenk
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Novel energy production systems are needed that not only offer reductions in greenhouse gas emissions but also cause fewer overall environmental impacts. How to identify and implement more sustainable biofuel production alternatives, and how to overcome economic challenges for their implementation, is a matter of debate. In this study, the environmental impacts of alternative approaches to biofuel production (i.e., first, second, and third generation biofuels), with a focus on biodiversity and...
Topics: Biodiversity, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Climate change, Ecosystem service, Microalgae, Renewable energy
As climate change accelerates, many countries most vulnerable to its effects are leading by example by transitioning to renewable energy economies. One example is in Mauritius, a small island developing state with admirable goals of increasing renewable generation but struggling to achieve them cost-effectively. This research assists Mauritius by identifying local renewable resource potential and island specific costs to determine the levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) of various...
Topics: Capacity factor, Cost of electricity, Renewable energy, Resource potential
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Athanasios S. Dagoumas; Nikolaos E. Koltsaklis
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The Generation Expansion Planning (GEP) stands as one as one of the most discussed topics within the academia and decision makers in the energy sector, especially related to meeting deep emission reduction targets. Every country, aiming at decarbonizing its economy, focuses on the application of policies that could enhance the penetration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in its power capacity mix. GEP is a complex task, combining techno-economic, financial, spatial and environmental...
Topics: Multi-criteria analysis, Optimization, Renewable energy sources, Sustainable planning
Due to the depletion of traditional resources and the deterioration of environmental quality, Dalian has always encouraged the explorations and utilizations of renewable energy sources. The research objective of this study is to develop a multi-objective stochastic chance constrained programming (MOSCCP) model for assisting local government to design and execute rational energy exploration and management strategies. The main advantage of this model is that it effectively broadens the decision...
Topics: Climate change, Dalian, Multi-objective programming, Renewable energy structure, Stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rafael J. Bergillos; Cristobal Rodriguez-Delgado; Gregorio Iglesias
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Coastal flooding, already an acute problem in many parts of the world, will be exacerbated in the near future by the sea level rise induced by climate change. The influence of wave farms, i.e., arrays of wave energy converters, on coastal processes, in particular sediment transport patterns, has been analysed in recent works; however, their influence on coastal flooding has not been addressed so far. The objective of this work is to investigate whether a wave farm can provide some protection...
Topics: Coastal flooding, Global warming, Renewable energy, Sea-level rise, Wave farm
Higher penetration of renewable sources of energy is essential for mitigating climate change. This introduces problems related to the balance of supply and demand. Instances in which the generation from intermittent and inflexible sources is in excess of system load are expected to increase in low carbon futures. Curtailment is likely to involve high constraint payments to renewable sources, and failing to curtail threatens the stability of the system. This work investigates a solution that...
Topics: Decarbonisation, Demand response, Heating, Mixed integer linear program, Optimisation, Renewable...
Based on data from a large-scale survey (n=3400) conducted in Germany, we analyze citizens’ acceptance and protest intentions regarding the construction of new power plants for renewable energy production. We differentiate between wind energy, solar energy, and biomass energy; natural gas is used as a reference category. We measure protest intentions and acceptance regarding the construction of new power plants within a 10-kilometer radius of respondents’ place of residence. Protest and...
Topics: Attitudes, Conditional cooperation, Not-in-my-backyard, Place attachment, Protest, Renewable energy
Hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose is a key reaction in renewable energy from biomass and in mineralization of soil organic matter to CO2. Conditional thermodynamic parameters, ΔhydG’ ΔhydH’ and ΔhydS’ and equilibrium glucose concentrations are reported for the reaction C6H10O5(cellulose) + H2O(l) ⇄ C6H12O6(aq) as functions of temperature from 0 to 100 °C. Activity coefficients of aqueous glucose solution were determined as a function of temperature. The reaction free energy...
Topics: Biomass, Global warming, Glucose activity coefficient, Lignocellulose, Renewable energy, Soil...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In order to mitigate climate change and its impacts, it is crucial to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy sources. The extent to which renewable energy projects can be implemented largely depends on public acceptability. We studied how public acceptability is influenced by people's trust in agents responsible for renewable energy projects and the influence that people have over decisions regarding these projects. As expected, higher trust and having influence over major decisions...
Topics: Acceptability, China, Influence over decisions, Participation, Renewable energy projects, The...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tabbi Wilberforce; A. Baroutaji; Zaki El Hassan; J. Thompson; Bassel Soudan; A. G. Olabi
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Reducing the total emissions of energy generation systems is a pragmatic approach for limiting the environmental pollution and associated climate change problems. Socio economic activities in the 21st century is highly determined by the energy generation mediums, particularly the renewable resources, across the world. Therefore, a thorough investigation into the technologies used in harnessing these energy generation mediums should contribute to their further advancement. Concentrated Solar...
Topics: Concentrated solar photovoltaics, Enhanced geothermal energy, Fossil fuel, Renewable energy,...
Reality of climate change threats have spurred mitigation interventions across the world. For electricity sector, the interventions are predominantly in terms of mainstreaming renewable energy sources. Consequently, there is a consistent increase in the share of renewable energy-based electricity systems which has caused emergence of several new challenges. The challenges have emerged both with respect to planning and management of the transitioning electricity systems. These new challenges are...
Topics: Electricity system transition, Generation expansion planning, Power system modelling, Renewable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Frank Duvenhage; Alan C. Brent; William H.L. Stafford
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The rapid global growth in the use of renewable energy to reduce GHG emissions and mitigate climate change, through the inclusion of large amounts of PV and wind in existing electricity grids, has highlighted certain challenges. Most critically, their intermittent supply, necessitates flexible dispatchability from other generators in the grid. Currently, few renewable energy technologies offer this dispatchability, with only concentrating solar power (CSP) offering storage. CSP generates...
Topics: Concentrating solar power, Integrated water resource management, Renewable energy, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cristobal Rodriguez-Delgado; Rafael J. Bergillos; Gregorio Iglesias
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Climate change is poised to exacerbate coastal erosion. Recent research has presented a novel strategy to tackle this issue: dual wave farms, i.e., arrays of wave energy converters with the dual function of carbon-free energy generation and coastal erosion mitigation. However, the implications of sea level rise – another consequence of climate change – for the effectiveness of wave farms as coastal defence elements against shoreline erosion have not been studied so far. The objective of...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal protection, Renewable energy, Sea level rise, Sustainable development, Wave...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lanyu Li; Zhiyi Yao; Siming You; Chi Hwa Wang; Xiaonan Wang
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To tackle the increasing global energy demand the climate change problem, the integration of renewable energy and negative emission technologies is a promising solution. In this work, a novel concept called “negative emission hybrid renewable energy system” is proposed for the first time. It is a hybrid solar-wind-biomass renewable energy system with biochar production, which could potentially provide energy generation, carbon sequestration, and waste treatment services within one system....
Topics: Biochar, Gasification, Hybrid renewable energy system (HRES), Negative emission technologies...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Keabile Tlhalerwa; Mulalu Mulalu
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A bottom-up approach that takes into account solar energy availability and land resource constraints is used to assess the technical potential for concentrating solar power (CSP) in Botswana. The CSP potential is estimated using a detailed geographical information system (GIS) based land exclusion criteria and land use data to determine land suitability in the ten districts of the country. On the basis of the national solar map of satellite-derived direct normal irradiance (DNI) information and...
Topics: Dry-cooled PTC-type CSP technology, Land suitability, Renewable energy mix, Solar energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Riccardo Maria Pulselli; Michela Marchi; Elena Neri; Nadia Marchettini; Simone Bastianoni
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Strategies for climate change mitigation in European cities have become more urgent and require actions to proactively involve administrators, citizens and other stakeholders and let them cooperate to accomplish widely approved plans for decarbonisation. Nevertheless, considering the short term of political mandates and the instability of social-economic-legal variables in our changing world, urban planning practices will require more effective and rapid decision support systems to easily...
Topics: Carbon footprint offset, Decision support system, Energy saving, Renewable energy, Sustainable...
Drawing on the findings of a survey on Turkish citizens' energy preferences, the aim of this study is to propose policy recommendations on Turkey's energy policies. To realise this aim, this study analyzes the attitudes and behaviours of the citizens of Turkish Republic concerning their preferences on electrical energy generation. This article scrutinizes the preferences of citizens on nuclear power plants (NPPs) and renewable energy sources (RES)-based power plants. Moreover, taking into...
Topics: Climate change, Electricity generation preferences, Energy policy, Nuclear power plants, Renewable...
In the present study, a novel model-based approach is detailed for optimal design and analysis of clean and economic production technologies regardless of temporal and local restrictions. Accordingly, a dual-layer mathematical model is developed in which techno-economic and life cycle analyses are integrated in the first layer using a novel self-sustainability flowchart and the nexus between the water, energy, and carbon sectors are investigated in the second layer using an input/output...
Topics: Life cycle assessment, Power and freshwater cogeneration, Renewable energy, Self-sustainability,...
Ambitious goals for climate change mitigation and energy security policies are driving deployment of renewable energy sources globally. However, the deployment of renewable energies at scale requires not only public but also private capital, such as foreign direct investment (FDI). Many countries with favourable conditions for renewables, such as the countries of the Middle East and North African (MENA) region, are not attracting sufficient FDI. Risk perceptions of FDI stakeholders are one of...
Topics: De-risking approach, Foreign direct investment, Middle East and North African region, Renewable...
Here we provide a critical and comprehensive review of recent developments in the impact of protected cultivation on climate change and map the factors involved. Some possible ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are suggested and some sustainable adaptation strategies are indicated. We expand our survey of the existing research to the entire production system, including greenhouse structure, energy, electricity, growing media, and fertilizers. Technical and conceptual innovations are...
Topics: Closed and semi-closed system, Controlled-environment agriculture, Greenhouse, Renewable energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The global projection of urban growth and increasing population densification creates new opportunities for an expanded role of greenhouse technology. Coupling a greenhouse with supermarket, as a method for energy sharing, has been identified as a promising method to increasing efficiency of the building operations while reducing dependency on transportation. This paper presents the results of a simulation study of an urban centric greenhouse-retail complex and explores optimal building design...
Topics: Climate change resilience, Energy conservation, Energy sharing, Greenhouses, Net-zero energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hasnaa Bazine; Mustapha Mabrouki
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The advantage of accurate forecasts is that it solves the main problem related to renewable energies: their variability. Indeed, while renewable energies has not yet replaced fossil fuels, in spite of the efforts of many governments, it is because of their intermittent nature, hence the importance of prediction in this field. The new approach for energy prediction that we propose in this paper, is founded on the analysis of the dynamical behavior of the photovoltaic production of the Faculty of...
Topics: Chaotic time series, Phase space reconstruction, Power planning, Recurrent neural network (RNN),...
1.1 billion of the world's population still does not have access to electricity in the 21st century. Most of that population resides in the rural communities in developing countries in South Asia, Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. Access to electricity can eliminate existing problems related to health, education, social life, economy and the environment, and can increase the income of underserved communities. Most of the yet to be energized regions are in remote, isolated areas, that cannot...
Topics: First Access Systems, Innovative Solutions for Energy, Leap-frogging in Power Systems, Microgrids,...
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sofia R. Pauleta; Marta S.P. Carepo; Isabel Moura
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Nitrous oxide is a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming impact 300-fold higher than carbon dioxide. Due to its exponential increase in the atmosphere and its implications in climate change there is the need to develop strategies to mitigate its emissions and to reduce it to the inert dinitrogen gas. Only three enzymes have been reported to be able to reduce nitrous oxide, namely nitrogenase, one multicopper oxidase and nitrous oxide reductase, with the latter being the only one with a...
Topics: "CuA center, Denitrification, CuZ model compounds, Nitrous oxide, Nitrous oxide reductase"