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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VSE :: Advanced Functions Logical IOCS :: LY24-5209-0 VSE Advanced Functions Diagnosis Reference LIOCS Volume 1 General Information and Imperative Macro 197910s
Folkscanomy: Games
Feb 1, 2022 Felipe Pepe
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From the original announcement: Eight years. It’s been now eight years since that poll at the RPG Codex to determine “the best RPGs ever”, which then became a massive list with 72 RPGs, until evolving into a book with over 400 titles.  Overall, I’m extremely happy and grateful for everything that happened – I met a lot of amazing people, the PDF got over 160,000 downloads and the physical book raised £20.992 for charity! This new edition adds new games from 2017-2019, but the goal...
Folkscanomy Politics: Political Systems, Government and Democratic Organization
Dec 17, 2021 The Leadership Institute (Based on Ted Cruz Lecture)
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Critical Race Theory, A Lecture by Senator Ted Cruz From the description of the download page: Leftists use Critical Race Theory to kill the American Dream. But brave conservatives are fighting back. The Leadership Institute asked Senator Ted Cruz to help conservatives like you understand the facts about Critical Race Theory. As part of the Leadership Institute’s School Board Campaign Training, Senator Cruz explained the Marxist origins and hateful intent of Critical Race Theory. He also made...
Topics: race, critical, crt, theory, racial, racist, theorists, capitalism, equality, pulitzer, critical...
Folkscanomy: Artwork
2021 Stéphane Richard
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NOTE: DO NOT DOWNLOAD THE ENTIRE 90gb ZIP FILE UNLESS YOU ARE SERIOUSLY SEEKING A BACKUP OF THE MATERIAL. Use the alternate collection link to browse through the material to take what you need. Alternal collection item: https://archive.org/details/Wootha_Public_Domain http://wootha.com/ Manifesto: For years you may have known me through a fictional entity called "Wootha". Today I have decided to destroy this entity. In this text, I will explain to you what motivated this decision....
Folkscanomy History: Books of a Historical Nature
2021 Peter Hirschberg
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Luna City Arcade: The Moment That Could Not Last by Peter Hirschberg, edited by Catherine DeSpira "The story of how I built one of the largest home arcades in the world, "Luna City Arcade". How it came to be, the rise, the success, and the catastrophic fall. Peter Hirschberg's website:  http://peterhirschberg.com/ Autobiographical story of the Luna City Arcade by its creator, Peter Hirschberg, tracing his love of arcades and shared spaces to his work with building one of the...
Topics: arcade, luna, game, games, pinball, city, arcades, mall, machines, video, luna city, game day, city...
Folkscanomy: Artwork
2021 http://wootha.com/ (Stéphane Richard.)
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Click here to browse this directory. You can "view contents" inside the .ZIP files to see additional components of them. For years you may have known me through a fictional entity called "Wootha". Today I have decided to destroy this entity. In this text, I will explain to you what motivated this decision. Some major contingent events in our lives are like rhythms that, punctuating our lives accent after accent, remind us of our existence's essence. I recently lived one of...
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Manuals: Contributions Inbox
May 1, 2020 iFixit and Many Volunteers
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To browse a text file of the contents of this archive, click here . To browse the contents of the archive to download individual PDFs, click here . The .bzip2 and .tar archives in this item are the same - consider carefully before downloading the files, as these are nearly 30 gigabytes in size. Hospitals are having trouble getting service information to fix medical equipment—and it’s not just a COVID-19 problem. We’ve heard countless stories from biomedical technicians (biomeds, for...
Folkscanomy Electronics: Books on Electronics, Circuits and Processors
2020 Ramparts, Currents, TAP, YIPL, etc.
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Compiled from a stack of photocopies, this small library of phone phreak-related material provides a solid representation of 1970s Phone Phreak newsletter and article culture. Secrets of the Little Blue Box , by Rob Rosenbaum, was published in the October 1971 issue of ESQUIRE magazine. While some effort is given to make it seem a fictional account, to an entire realm of readers it absolutely is not and greatly expands what was previously a smallish, contained group of telephone system...
Topics: Phreaks, YIPL, TAP, Ramparts, Currents, Blue Box, Blue Boxing, Hacking, Yippies
Folkscanomy: Flyers and Posters for Music Events
2020 Compiled by Patrick "Scruff" Shaw"
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As described by "Tomorrows-Forecast" ( https://www.reddit.com/user/TOMORROWS-FORECAST/ ) in this thread : This is Patrick "Scruff" Shaw . He would have been my neighbor but he passed away before we could meet. He collected hundreds of Punk Rock flyers during his life and I was lucky enough to buy 200+ flyers and this photo from his estate. I had them all digitally archived and wanted to share them with everyone. A few months ago I stopped at an estate sale in my neighborhood...
Topics: Punk Rock, Flyers
Catalogs Inbox and Contributions
2020 Rising S Company
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Selection of bunker layouts and options from the Rising S Company of Murchison, TX. Overview of multiple model lines including mini, standard, freedom, admiral, xtreme, luxury, and The Aristocrat.
Topics: volt, storage, shelter, bunker, shelving, nbc, filtration, inlet, composting, valves, alcohol...
Folkscanomy: Erotica and Sexuality
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A collection of London-area "Tart Cards" (escort advertising services) left at phone booths from the 1970s through 1990s, and collected by the Hamilton Family.  This subcollection contains cards that have color photographs. Cards have been scanned and de-duplicated. (Doubles of the cards are located inside a "Doubles.zip" file in this collection.)
Catalogs Inbox and Contributions
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Northwest Shelter Systems Catalog; World Leader in Shelter Technology. 2020 Catalog of products including Blast Doors, EMP Vault, Blast Hatches, NBC Filteration Systems, Blast Valves, Gun Safes, Safe Handles, Wall Sleeves, Vent Pipes and Accessories. 
Topics: blast, security, installation, steel, lunor, compression, nbc, hatches, vault, kyhtkics, ltei...
Folkscanomy: Erotica and Sexuality
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A collection of London-area "Tart Cards" (escort advertising services) left at phone booths from the 1970s through 1990s, and collected by the Hamilton Family.  This subcollection contains cards that have a single color addition (versus full color or black and white only). Cards have been scanned and de-duplicated. (Doubles of the cards are located inside a "Doubles.zip" file in this collection.)
Folkscanomy: Erotica and Sexuality
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A collection of London-area "Tart Cards" (escort advertising services) left at phone booths from the 1970s through 1990s, and collected by the Hamilton Family.  This subcollection contains cards that have black and white photographs. Cards have been scanned and de-duplicated. (Doubles of the cards are located inside a "Doubles.zip" file in this collection.)
Folkscanomy Computer: Inbox and Miscellaneous
Dec 1, 2019 Jason Scott
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This is a compilation of Apple II "Pirate Crack Screens" from several decades of Apple II programs, assembled from hundreds of thousands of screenshots generated automatically by a custom system at the Internet Archive. After "cracking" (de-protecting) Apple II programs, some pirates would modify title screens or add additional ones crediting their achievement, giving shout-outs to other individuals and groups, and listing BBS phone numbers to call for access to more...
Topics: Apple, Pirates, Apple II
Folkscanomy Politics: Political Systems, Government and Democratic Organization
Jun 11, 2019 Joint Staff Operations Directorate (J-3) and Others
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This publication provides fundamental principles and guidance to plan, execute, and assess nuclear operations. This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). It sets forth joint doctrine to govern the activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations, and it provides considerations for military interaction with governmental and nongovernmental agencies, multinational forces, and other...
Terrestrial insects are responding to ongoing climate change. While these responses have been primarily linked to rising temperatures, insects are sensitive to desiccation, and the impacts of altered precipitation regimes remain relatively unexplored. Here, we develop a mechanistic model of survival and performance responses to both temperature and desiccation stress, focussing on Lepidoptera in Africa, where a general understanding of such responses to climate change is urgently required. We...
Topics: Butterfly, Climate change, Dehydration, Mechanistic model, Moth, Pest management, Thermal physiology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Higher temperatures and evaporative demand forecasted for Colorado forests by the end of the century suggest that soil water limitation increasingly will negatively impact whole plant performance. At the same time, upslope or poleward migration of plant ranges in response to warming may result in species experiencing cooler overnight temperatures, particularly if extremes in climate increase. In 2014 we established three experimental gardens along a temperature/elevation gradient to test the...
Topics: Aspen, Climate change, Freeze tolerance, Osmotic adjustment, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Guang Yi Wei; Wei Wei; Bin Wen; Zheng Gong; Tao Yang; Zhao Feng Zhang; Hong Fei Ling
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Neoproterozoic cap dolostones, which ubiquitously overlie Marinoan glacial diamictites, may record marine and climatic paleo-environmental conditions at the termination of the largest glacial epoch in Earth's history. Many geochemical indices have been used to interpret cap dolostone formation in the context of extreme climate change in the aftermath of the Marinoan glaciation. However, there are significant debates about whether these geochemical data represent global signals or regional...
Topics: Marinoan cap dolostone, calcium isotope, deglaciation climate, meltwater, mixing model, strontium...
Virtual water (VW) is defined as the water required in the production of goods. The objective of the study is to quantify the temporal variation in the virtual water trade in India from the year 2006–2016 through popular food and livestock products. Water management issues need to consider the VW trade since food production consumes large amount of water. The study was carried out using the data of exports and imports of food and livestock products of India as well as their VW consumption....
Topics: Crops and livestock products, Groundwater depletion, Net variation, Water trade, Water use
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Falling prices and significant technology developments currently drive an increased weather-dependent electricity production from renewables. In light of the changing climate, it is relevant to investigate to what extent climate change directly impacts future highly weather-dependent electricity systems. Here, we use three IPCC CO 2 concentration pathways for the period 2006–2100 with six high-resolution climate experiments for the European domain. Climate data are used to calculate...
Topics: climate change mitigation, dispatchable electricity, electricity demand projection, global climate...
Urban planning incorporating mitigation of the urban warming which is due to urban heat island phenomena and climate change is needed. However, such planning is not realized. That is apparently because the urban climate phenomenon is difficult to understand for stakeholders: citizens, planners, architects, specialists, and so on. Urban Environmental Climate Maps (UECMs) are therefore proposed as one of the decision support tools for the urban warming mitigation. Accordingly, the authors intend...
Topics: Field Measurement, GIS, Urban Environmental Climate Maps (UECMs), Urban Heat Island, WRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 V. F. Taylor; K. L. Buckman; E. A. Seelen; N. M. Mazrui; P. H. Balcom; R. P. Mason; C. Y. Chen
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Wetland areas temper the bioaccumulation of methylmercury in estuaries, yet increased watershed inputs of methylmercury associated with climate change and land disturbances are predicted to increase mercury levels in fish.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The past two decades have witnessed a proliferation of transnational networking initiatives aimed at addressing climate change. Previous work has suggested that these initiatives largely achieve their governance functions by fostering learning and resource acquisition. Our particular contribution seeks to advance current understanding of networking initiatives by suggesting that they may additionally perform social and emotional roles which galvanise, energise and motivate actors to pursue...
Topics: Climate change, Emotions, Networking, Solidarity, Transnational
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Fuqing Jiang; Xiao Zhu; Tiegang Li; Yu Zhou; Zhifang Xiong; Xuguang Feng; Xuebo Yin; Anchun Li
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Eolian dust deposition is crucial to paleoclimate reconstructions of dust source areas and may have played an important role in the climate during the mid-Pleistocene transition (MPT). Here, we present the radiogenic Sr and Nd isotopic composition and excess barium (Ba xs ) of a sediment core that was recovered from the Parece Vela Basin (PVB) in the northwestern Pacific. The new record indicates that these detrital sediments are primarily composed of dust from western and central Chinese...
Topics: Asian dust, Mid-Pleistocene transition, Parece Vela Basin, Sr and Nd isotopes
The nonlinear dynamics of streamflow time series from 667 reference hydrometric stations in North America spanning the pluvial-nival hydrological continuum are explored using minimum embedding dimensions as determined by False Nearest Neighbor (FNN) methods. Simulations using synthetic time series demonstrate that snowmelt dominated time series have lower embedding dimensions than those that are rainfall dominated, and that mixtures of the two processes result in a nearly linear change in the...
Topics: Climate change, Delay embedding space, False nearest neighbor, Nonlinear analysis, Pluvial-nival...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ashton Montrone; Laurel Saito; Peter J. Weisberg; Meredith Gosejohan; Kyle Merriam; John F. Mejia
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Vernal pools are seasonal wetlands that have a high diversity of endemic and native plant species, yet they are threatened by agricultural conversion and urban development and face threats posed by climate change resulting from altered precipitation and temperature regimes. We developed an approach to investigate the potential impacts of climate change on hydrology and vegetation communities of vernal pools by creating a mass-balance hydrologic model that is coupled to a statistical model of...
Topics: Ephemeral pool, Hydrologic modeling, Hydroperiod, Seasonal wetland, Wetland plants
Agricultural water management is becoming a critical issue in many parts of the world and cost-effective water policies are required to control water use. We examine the case study of irrigated agriculture in Beauce, France (9750 km 2 , Europe's largest cereal producing region). We explore the mechanisms for water abstraction control involving a combination of regulatory and economic instruments. The analysis is conducted with a hydro-economic model that includes a calibrated economic model and...
Topics: Beauce, Climate change, Hydro-economic modelling, Irrigation, Robustness, Water scarcity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Xiaomeng Song; Jianyun Zhang; Xianju Zou; Chunhua Zhang; Amir AghaKouchak; Fanzhe Kong
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In this study, we use several methods including the minimum cross entropy, wavelet transform coherence method, and the Mann-Kendall test to study the changes in the frequency of precipitation extremes and their contributions to total precipitation at different extreme percentile thresholds (90th percentile, 95th percentile, and 99th percentile) in the Beijing metropolitan area. Overall, the spatial distribution of the extreme precipitation thresholds is consistent with that of total...
Topics: Beijing area, Climate change, Extreme precipitation, Urban effect, Wavelet transform coherence...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Roberto Sañudo; Marina Miranda; Carlos García; David García-Sanchez
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The effect of water must be considered during the different phases of the life cycle of infrastructures. When it is not properly managed, it can generate problems that may lead to infrastructure closure or even destruction. This paper presents a review of the different drainage systems existent in railway infrastructures. Current design criteria have become obsolete in many cases due to effects of climate change. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to serve as a starting point for new...
Topics: Drainage, Drainage construction, Drainage recommendations, Drainage resilience, Railways
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 R. Berndtsson; P. Becker; A. Persson; H. Aspegren; S. Haghighatafshar; K. Jönsson; R. Larsson; S. Mobini; M. Mottaghi; J. Nilsson; J. Nordström; M. Scholz; C. Sternudd; J. Sörensen; K. Tussupova
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This study focuses on drivers for changing urban flood risk. We suggest a framework for guiding climate change adaptation action concerning flood risk and manageability in cities. The identified key drivers of changing flood hazard and vulnerability are used to provide an overview of each driver's impact on flood risk and manageability at the city level. We find that identified drivers for urban flood risk can be grouped in three different priority areas with different time horizon. The first...
Topics: Climate change, Urban flood management, Urban flood risk
The steadily growing aquaculture industry has been blamed for increasing environmental impacts at local and global levels. The greatest increase in production is expected for freshwater fish, such as carp and related species. Decisions on sustainable environmental management strategies in aquaculture should be based on quantitative analyses of their environmental impacts. In this study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was employed to compare the environmental impacts of conventional and...
Topics: Fish farming, Food production, LCA, Sustainability, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Current global change scenarios predict an increase in atmospheric CO 2 from the current 380 ppm to a value ranging from 540 ppm to 960 ppm by the year 2100. The effects of three air CO 2 levels (400, 600 and 800 ppm) on five submerged aquatic plants that utilize HCO 3− were studied, using the elevated CO 2 Open Top Chamber facility at Rhodes University (Grahamstown, South Africa). Plants grew in water with two different initial dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) concentrations of 1.5 and 3.0...
Topics: Bicarbonate, Carbon, Climate change, Growth, Nitrogen, Physiology, Starch, Submerged plants
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Caitlin Kontgis; Nguyen Hong Duc; Jason Schatz
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Rice is consumed by more people than any other grain. Globally, Vietnam is one of the largest exporters of rice, with the majority of production occurring in the tropical, low-lying Mekong River Delta. Agriculture in the Mekong River Delta is susceptible to yield losses from rising temperatures, sea level rise, and land use change as urban expansion replaces productive farmland. Most studies that assess climate change impacts to rice paddy yields are conducted at global- or continental-scales,...
Topics: CERES-Rice, Climate change, DSSAT, Vietnam
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Margaux Y. Hein; Alastair Birtles; Bette L. Willis; Naomi Gardiner; Roger Beeden; Nadine A. Marshall
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Coral restoration is increasingly used globally as a management tool to minimize accelerating coral reef degradation resulting from climate change. Yet, the science of coral restoration is still very focused on ecological and technical considerations, impeding the understanding of how coral restoration can be used to improve reef resilience in the context of socio-ecological systems. Here, we visited four well-established coral restoration projects in different regions of the world (Thailand,...
Topics: Coral restoration, Reef resilience, Socio-ecological systems, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Edith Mawunya Kutorglo; Fatima Hassouna; Anna Beltzung; Dušan Kopecký; Ivona Sedlářová; Miroslav Šoóš
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The development of new materials and technologies for CO 2 capture has attracted a lot of interest due to the growing concerns about global warming and climate change. Herein, we prepared hierarchically porous materials from cheap precursors – polyaniline and polystyrene nanoparticles (PS NPs) using an easy and new concept based on the removal of the PS NPs during a pre-carbonization step followed by chemical activation. The pore size distribution was easily tuned by varying the size of the...
Topics: Adsorption, Carbon dioxide capture, Hierarchical pore structure, Nitrogen rich, Polyaniline
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ahila Subramanian; Sumita B. Khatri
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This article on exposome and asthma focuses on the interaction of patients and their environments in various parts of their growth, development, and stages of life. Indoor and outdoor environments play a role in pathogenesis via levels and duration of exposure, with genetic susceptibility as a crucial factor that alters the initiation and trajectory of common conditions such as asthma. Knowledge of environmental exposures globally and changes that are occurring is necessary to function...
Topics: Air pollution, Allergen, Asthma, Climate change, Exposome
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Patrick Barrineau; Iliyana Dobreva; Michael P. Bishop; Chris Houser; Steven L. Forman
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Semi-stabilized dune systems are important indicators of Quaternary drought variability across central North America. The South Texas sand sheet (STSS) is the southernmost relict dune system on the Great Plains, and is exposed to higher evapotranspiration and moisture variability than similar landscapes farther north. In this study, a combination of surface and sub-surface remote sensing is used to analyze the semi-stabilized dune landscapes of the STSS in order to delineate distinct aeolian...
Topic: Optically simulated luminescence dating (OSL)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Antóin M. O'Sullivan; Kevin J. Devito; R. Allen Curry
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River temperature is well established as an important variable for aquatic denizens. Given its importance, researchers are attempting to disentangle complex interactions between landscapes and river temperatures. We investigated how landscape variables of geomorphology, geology, and vegetation can explain a large portion of the spatial variations amongst tributary temperatures in the large, Miramichi watershed, New Brunswick. We utilize thermal infrared imagery (TIR) to characterize river...
Topics: Thermal infrared imagery, Wetlands
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Juliana da Silva Fonseca; Laura Fernandes de Barros Marangoni; Joseane Aparecida Marques; Adalto Bianchini
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Coral reefs are subjected to climate change and are severely impacted by human activities, with copper (Cu)being a relevant physiological stressor for corals at local scale. The ecological relevance of parameters measured at biochemical or cellular level is now considered an extremely important feature in environmental studies, and can be used as early warning signs of environmental degradation. In this context, the effects of acute exposure (96 h)to Cu were assessed on the maximum...
Topics: Carbonic anhydrase, Copper, Coral reefs, Monitoring, Photosynthesis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Temperature in freshwater ecosystems fluctuates daily, seasonally and yearly. Climate change further induces temperature variations. In this study, we hypothesise that water temperatures, in particular thermal extremes, can significantly influence chemical toxicity to ectothermic organisms. Although temperature-dependent chemical toxicity (TDCT) is a classic research area in ecotoxicology, a unified model for predicting TDCT for freshwater species is yet to be developed. This study aimed to...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological risk assessment, Fresh water ecosystems, Temperature-dependent chemical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Israel Ropo Orimoloye; Sonwabo Perez Mazinyo; Ahmed Mukalazi Kalumba; Olapeju Yewande Ekundayo; Werner Nel
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Urban regions have exceptional attributes that leave their dwellers and properties vulnerable to climate variability and change. Global temperatures continue to change, reaching new levels almost every year for the past two decades. This review examines the scientific evidence on the impact of climate change on urban and human health. It identifies research progress and gaps in how human society may respond to, adapt to, and prepare for the related changes. However, the causes are debated;...
Topics: Diseases, Extreme heat, Human health, Implication
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Jan H. Janse; Anne A. van Dam; Edwin M.A. Hes; Jeroen J.M. de Klein; C. Max Finlayson; Annette B.G. Janssen; Dianneke van Wijk; Jos T.A. Verhoeven
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Wetlands play an important role in the provision of important ecosystem services like the provision of clean water to the world, adaptation to climate change, and support for biodiversity; although they are sometimes also associated with adverse climate effects. Wetlands are, however, currently grossly underrepresented in global environmental models. In this paper, we explore the required functionality of a generic model of the effects of climate and land-use changes on wetlands ecosystem...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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More than a century of coevolutionary thought failed to anticipate the current crisis of emerging infectious diseases. This produced the Parasite Paradox: parasites are resource specialists with restricted host ranges, and yet shifts onto relatively unrelated hosts are common in the diversification of parasite lineages and directly observable in ecological time. An emergent framework, called the Stockholm Paradigm, resolves the paradox: ecological fitting - phenotypic flexibility and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Brigadier Libanda; Namwiinga Babra Nkolola; Ngonga Chilekana; Kelvin Bwalya
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Diurnal temperature range (DTR)is an important index for climate because of its statistical relationships to greenhouse gases, urban heat, cloud cover, land use change, and aerosol haze layers. This study examines DTR trends across Zambia for the period 1930–2016 using the latest version of high-resolution monthly data (CRU TS v4.01)from the Climatic Research Unit. Non-parametric trend analyses were extensively employed at different spatial and temporal scales to quantify DTR changes. Taken...
Topics: Climate change, Cloud cover, Diurnal temperature range, Rainfall, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global sea level rise (SLR) rates are accelerating, and abnormal weather is occurring more frequently due to global warming and climate change. SLR could intensify coastal disasters and concerns of an increase in storminess. In this study, a two-dimensional advanced circulation model (ADCIRC) was used to simulate tides and storm surges around the Taiwan coast. The model was calibrated and verified using observed tides and storm surges at four tidal gauge stations, including Taipei Tamsui,...
Topics: Advanced circulation model (ADCIRC), Sea level rise (SLR), Storm surge, Tide, Typhoon
In this study, we developed the tree-ring width chronology for the period of 1404 BCE to 2015 CE using Qilian juniper (Sabina przewalskii Kom.) trees collected from the Buerhanbuda Mts. in the southeastern Qaidam Basin (QB) near Nuomuhong Village, Qinghai Province. This is the first and longest chronology to date in this region. Based on the relationships between the tree-ring width chronology and climate data, the annual precipitation from previous July to current June (July-June) was...
Topics: Annual precipitation, Chronology, Millennium, Qaidam Basin, Tree-ring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The absence of continuous long term meteorological dataset has led to limited knowledge of glaciers’ response to climate change over Himalayas. This study presents an open source long term temperature dataset Climatic Research Unit (CRU) available since 1901 to study trend analysis of temperature (T max , T min and T mean ) for Gangotri basin in Himalayas. The study first establishes close agreement between CRU time series data and observed temperature dataset available from National...
Topic: Wilcoxon signed-rank test
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Brian P. DiMento; Robert P. Mason; Steven Brooks; Chris Moore
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Atmospheric deposition is the main input of mercury (Hg) to the ocean, even in remote locations such as the Arctic. Furthermore, evasion of elemental Hg (Hg°) is the major sink for oceanic Hg. As a result, air-sea exchange is an important part of the oceanic Hg cycle. To examine the air-sea exchange of Hg in the Arctic Ocean we made high resolution measurements of Hg° in surface waters and Hg speciation in the atmosphere using continuous sampling systems during the 2015 U.S. Arctic GEOTRACES...
Topics: Aerosols, Air-sea exchange, Arctic, Elemental mercury, Gas evasion, Ice, Mercury, Methylmercury,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Melissa J. Lafrenière; Scott F. Lamoureux
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This paper reviews the impacts of permafrost change on hydrological and related hydrochemical, particulate and organic fluxes in small Arctic catchments. While the emphasis is directed at High Arctic systems, literature and recent developments from other Arctic regions are also included. Hydrological change, particularly a shift from nival (snowmelt) dominance to increasing pluvial (rainfall) runoff contributions has important consequences for the timing and magnitude of hydrological fluxes. A...
Topic: Permafrost hydrology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Mohamed Abdelaal; Mauro Fois; Giuseppe Fenu; Gianluigi Bacchetta
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Climate change poses negative impacts on plant species, particularly for those of restricted ecology and distribution range. Rosa arabica Crép., an exclusive endemic species to Saint Catherine Protectorate in Egypt, has severely declined and become critically endangered in the last years. In this paper, we applied the maximum-entropy algorithm (MaxEnt) to predict the current and future potential distribution of this species in order to provide a basis for its protection and conservation. In...
Topics: Environmental variables, Global warming, Habitat condition, Saint Catherine, Sinai Peninsula
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Han Zheng; Henry Lin; Weijian Zhou; Han Bao; Xianjin Zhu; Zhao Jin; Yi Song; Yunqiang Wang; Wenzhao Liu; Yakun Tang
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Vegetation coverage has been effectively increased across the Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) mainly because of the implementation of large-scale revegetation programs. Understanding the entire CLP's ecosystem carbon-water relationship and its response to the vegetation coverage increase and climate change is essential for the water resources management in this semi-humid to arid region. Water-use efficiency (WUE), defined as the ratio of gross primary productivity (GPP) over evapotranspiration...
Topics: Chinese Loess Plateau, Evapotranspiration, Gross primary productivity, MODIS satellite dataset,...
The broad-leaved and Korean pine mixed forests in the Liangshui National Natural Reserve, China, are important components of boreal forests in areas that are sensitive to global climate change. Respiration rates of excised roots were measured using an oxygen electrode (Hansatech Oxy-Lab 2, UK) to examine the variation in and identify the controlling factors of fine root respiration (Rr) during the growing period (May–October) in 2016. The relationships between Rr and biotic/abiotic factors...
Topic: Soil temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Aleksi Lehikoinen; Andreas Lindén; Arne Andersson; Tara L. Crewe; Erica H. Dunn; George Gregory; Lennart Karlsson; Vidar Kristiansen; Stuart Mackenzie; Steve Newman; Jan Erik Røer; Leonid V. Sokolov; Åsa Steinholtz
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Climate change has been shown to shift the seasonal timing (i.e. phenology) and distribution of species. The phenological effects of climate change on living organisms have often been tested using first occurrence dates, which may be uninformative and biased. More rarely investigated is how different phases of a phenological sequence (e.g. beginning, central tendency and end) or its duration have changed over time. This type of analysis requires continuous observation throughout the...
Topics: Avian movement, Environmental change, Global warming, Long-term monitoring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Deyong Yu; Yupeng Liu; Peijun Shi; Jianguo Wu
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Terrestrial ecoregions, including critical ecoregions (CEs), vulnerable ecoregions (VEs), and intact ecoregions (IEs) have been used by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) to classify global biodiversity and are being affected by climate change, which was considered as one of the main threats to biodiversity conservation. However, the impacts of future climate change in shifted means and extremes of temperature, precipitation, and cloud cover under the representative concentration pathways (RCP 2.6,...
Topics: Ecological risk, Ecosystem service, Shifted climatic mean
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 M. Gaglio; V. Aschonitis; L. Pieretti; L. Santos; E. Gissi; G. Castaldelli; E. A. Fano
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The understanding of protection initiatives’ effects on the delivery of Ecosystem Services (ESs) is of paramount importance to attain sustainable management in Protected Areas (PAs). Protected floodplains provide important ESs to local populations such as water flow regulation and climate regulation through carbon storage. This study investigates the effects of biodiversity protection initiatives (i.e. declaration of Protected Areas – PAs) and the related spatio-temporal land use/land cover...
Topics: Carbon storage, Ecosystem services trade-offs, InVEST model, Protected areas, Water flow regulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Bijeesh Kozhikkodan Veettil; Raymond D. Ward; Ngo Xuan Quang; Ngo Thi Thu Trang; Tran Hoai Giang
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Vietnamese mangroves are among the most productive and biologically important ecosystems of the world; providing habitat/nursing grounds for commercial and non-commercial fish species, food, medicine, building materials/fuel for local communities, as well as carbon storage (blue carbon) and coastal protection from storm events. However, Vietnam's mangroves have been lost in recent decades (∼38%) or degraded, predominantly driven by herbicides during the Vietnam War and later by conversion to...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Mangrove ecosystem services, Mangrove ecosystems, Mangrove remote sensing,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Deidre de Vos; Ronel Nel; David Schoeman; Linda R. Harris
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The world's beaches are under severe pressure because of anthropogenic modification and climate change. The most common coastal management approaches have focused largely on the protection of infrastructure without considering the function of the beach and dune system as a natural protective barrier and a diverse ecosystem. Large-scale plantations of non-native vegetation have been initiated in many countries as a coastal protection tool. However, exotic trees commonly used for bio-shields,...
Topics: Backshore, Beach erosion, Bio-shield, Integrated coastal management, Shore protection
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change is one of the biggest challenges at the present time, and to tackle such issue, solar energy and efficient buildings, in general, can be used. The goal is to design and optimize photovoltaic based decentralized district heating system and later compare it—economically and technically—against three different optimized typologies of solar district heating system in Nordic conditions. The photovoltaic based decentralized system consists of one centralized low temperature tank...
Topics: District heating community, High latitude climatic conditions, Payback period, Photovoltaic based...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Energy poverty, as a social and political issue, is at different stages of development across Europe. Originating in the UK, it is reaching the political agenda in other European countries, driven by a range of concurrent issues including: economic recession and inequality, low carbon energy transitions, and changing consumption demands. This article presents analysis of three national approaches to energy poverty in Europe; England, Ireland and France. In comparing these cases, we show how...
Topics: Energy poverty, England, France, Ireland, Multiple streams, Problematisation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As one of the most developed provinces in China, Jiangsu province is facing both energy and water stresses. The impact of energy production on water resource remains to be seen, especially in terms of a changing climate. In this study, we adopt a Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) model combined with plant-level data to study the impact of energy policies on water resources management. The results indicate that energy efficiency improvements and industry structure...
Topics: Climate change, Energy policy, LEAP model, Water stress, Water-energy nexus, ‘3 Red Lines’
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Lukáš Lehotský; Filip Černoch; Jan Osička; Petr Ocelík
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One of the EU's main decarbonization goals is a reduction in the energy use of coal. It would be a mistake, however, to assume that public support for decarbonization can be gained automatically by pointing out threats from climate change, particularly in light of the role coal plays in the local and national economy and in energy security. In this article we search for factors affecting public support for a coal phase-out in media content. According to the theory of agenda setting, the media...
Topics: Agenda setting, Coal mining, Czech Republic, Decarbonization, Discourse, Media
Local governments are agile policy makers expected to make significant contributions to climate change mitigation through local legislation. One mitigation mechanism available to local governments is to make it easier for households to install solar photovoltaic (PV) panels that generate emission-free electricity. Streamlining PV permitting policies is currently being promoted in states such as California as a way to boost rates of residential solar installation. Fixed effects modelling is used...
Topics: Barrier, City policy, Installation rate, Permitting, Residential, Solar photovoltaic
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Xiaoping Wang; Chuanfei Wang; Tingting Zhu; Ping Gong; Zhiyuan Cong
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Due to their low temperatures, the Arctic, Antarctic and Tibetan Plateau are known as the three polar regions of the Earth. As the most remote regions of the globe, the occurrence of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in these polar regions arouses global concern. In this paper, we review the literatures on POPs involving these three polar regions. Overall, concentrations of POPs in the environment (air, water, soil and biota) have been extensively reported, with higher levels of...
Topics: Bioconcentration, Climate change, Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), Polar regions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Dominic Royé; María T. Zarrabeitia; Javier Riancho; Ana Santurtún
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The understanding of the role of environment on the pathogenesis of stroke is gaining importance in the context of climate change. This study analyzes the temporal pattern of ischemic stroke (IS) in Madrid, Spain, during a 13-year period (2001–2013), and the relationship between ischemic stroke (admissions and deaths) incidence and environmental factors on a daily scale by using a quasi-Poisson regression model. To assess potential delayed and non-linear effects of air pollutants and Apparent...
Topics: Apparent temperature, Ischemic stroke, Mortality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Mayhah R. Suri; Jessica L. Dery; Joanne Pérodin; Natalie Brassill; Xin He; Samantha Ammons; Megan E. Gerdes; Channah Rock; Rachel E.Rosenberg Goldstein
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Water is a key resource for agricultural production in the United States. Due to projected changes in water availability across the country, long-term sustainability of agricultural production may rely on finding alternatives to traditional water sources. The aim of this study was to assess farmers’ opinions on the use of nontraditional water sources (e.g., agricultural runoff, treated wastewater, recycled water, produced water, untreated surface water, and brackish surface and groundwater)...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate change, Reclaimed water, Water availability, Water management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Ana Luísa Maulvault; Carolina Camacho; Vera Barbosa; Ricardo Alves; Patrícia Anacleto; Pedro Pousão-Ferreira; Rui Rosa; António Marques; Mário Sousa Diniz
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Pharmaceuticals, such as the antidepressant venlafaxine (VFX), have been frequently detected in coastal waters and marine biota, and there is a growing body of evidence that these pollutants can be toxic to non-target marine biota, even at low concentrations. Alongside, climate change effects (e.g. warming and acidification) can also affect marine species’ physiological fitness and, consequently, compromising their ability to cope with the presence of pollutants. Yet, information regarding...
Topics: Acidification, Fish, Integrated multi-biomarker response, Venlafaxine, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Elisa Calliari; Melania Michetti; Luca Farnia; Emiliano Ramieri
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Collaboration barriers have been reported among the most frequent institutional constraints to adaptation. Yet, the growing literature on the topic has been largely descriptive and little attention has been placed on how to transform barriers into enablers for action. By taking a fragile socio-ecological lagoon system in Southern Mexico as a case study, the paper applies a social network analytical approach to: i) reveal the actual web of connections tying stakeholders through local governance...
Topics: Adaptation barriers, Collaborative governance, Institutions, Social network analysis
The need to adapt human resource demands to the renewable capacities of ecosystems is widely acknowledged and has been transposed into multiple international and national commitments and strategies. This need is intensified by the contemporary öfull world’ and increasing human numbers, urbanisation and climate change. However, resource exploitation models, markets and legacy regulations still tend to perpetuate an öempty world’ model, separating societal demands from environmental...
Topics: Banas, Catchment, Community-based, Rajasthan, Socio-ecological systems, Water management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The food-energy-water (FEW) nexus concept has emerged as a powerful approach to address the social and environmental challenges created by land and climate change. We present an analysis of the impact of the governance structure of the Lower Colorado River Basin (LCRB) on the implementation of the FEW nexus concept. Specifically, we quantified the linkages between food, energy, and water systems and then used two different future scenarios: (1) drought and (2) increased demand for alfalfa to...
Topics: Access, Climate change, Cross-sectoral, Production, Resource vulnerability, Water policy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study investigates the role of cognitive processes and information on climate change adaptive investment choice. Using experimental survey data from the Fiji Islands we found that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural control moderated intentions which in turn affected investment stated behaviour. We also found that the correlation between intention and behaviour to be significant only in the presence of information. In addition for those in receipt of information,...
Topics: Random assignment, Small Islands States, Theory of planned behaviour
Comprehensive carbon stock and flow accounts integrated with economic information, under an environmental-economic accounting framework, provide a common approach for an information system to improve policymaking for climate change mitigation, sustainable development and forest management. The information system includes environmental and economic data, linkages between land use activities, their co-benefits, inputs to the economy and benefits for human well-being. Forest management was used as...
Topics: Carbon accounting, Carbon storage and sequestration, Climate change mitigation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Xiaoping Feng; Cheng Zhao; William J. D'Andrea; Jie Liang; Aifeng Zhou; Ji Shen
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Documenting climate change over the past 2000 years, or the Common Era, is critical to understand how the climate system evolved from one controlled by natural forcings alone to one influenced by anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing. However, global and regional temperature changes during this interval are still poorly understood, largely due to the limited geographical coverage and scarcity of data. Here we report a well-dated, quantitative, mean annual air temperature (MAAT) record with...
Topics: brGDGTs, high-elevation region, lacustrine sediments, southwestern China, temperature...
Some integrated assessment studies of climate change have concluded that nuclear energy has a large potential impact on carbon abatement costs. However, these studies have often modeled the cost of nuclear waste management very simply or neglected it entirely. Common difficulties with existing studies include the use of simplistic nuclear waste management cost models and implicitly minimizing costs in the distant future by using discount rates that are arguably inappropriate for...
Topics: Climate change, Integrated assessment, Nuclear energy, Nuclear waste
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Distributed energy systems (DESs) on a local scale constitute a promising niche to leverage renewable energy provision. These DESs (e.g., micro-cogeneration, multi-energy hubs) integrate renewable sources, combined heat and power production, various methods of energy conversion and storage, and active demand-side management. Since the broader uptake of such systems is still at an early stage, research about the adoption potentials of DESs in existing neighborhood contexts is scarce. Given their...
Topics: Acceptance, Distributed (co-)ownership, Distributed energy system, Energy system transition, Framing
This article employs a power structure research approach and exploratory network analysis to describe the differing stances on climate action that existed within the United States elite energy policy-planning network during efforts to generate climate legislation in 2009. These divisions are explored in relation to the structural location of the coal industry, other energy sectors, and environmental organizations within the network of director interlocks. My key findings are that coal interests...
Topics: Climate capitalism, Climate change politics, Coal, Social network analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Graeme Sherriff; Trivess Moore; Stephen Berry; Aimee Ambrose; Barry Goodchild
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Low- and zero-energy homes are core elements in transitioning the housing stock towards a more environmentally sustainable model that responds to concerns about climate change and the need for energy demand reduction. Whilst there is a growing body of work on the technical performance of these homes, less attention has been paid to the experiences of users, particularly in cooling-dominated climates. Drawing on interviews that utilise an oral history approach with householders in Lochiel Park...
Topics: Adaptive comfort, Australia, Low-energy homes, Oral history, User experience
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Erin C. Pischke; Barry Solomon; Adam Wellstead; Alberto Acevedo; Amarella Eastmond; Fernando De Oliveira; Suani Coelho; Oswaldo Lucon
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There are numerous strategies to lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions or to mitigate global climate change. One of them is to promote polices for developing renewable energy sources. There has been a growth in such policies but not enough is known about their effectiveness. We use a revised version of Schaffrin et al.'s (2015) Index of Policy Activity (IPA)1 to examine the historical development (1998–2015) of federal and state/provincial renewable energy policies across five federal...
Topics: Climate change, Pan-America, Policy output, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Nina M. Mostegl; Ulrike Pröbstl-Haider; Robert Jandl; Wolfgang Haider
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Climate change adaptation needs to receive extensive attention in the forestry sector. While measures are being applied in federal forests and large private properties, it remains unclear how small-scale private forest owners, with a property < 20 ha, perceive the possible influence of climate change and whether they will approach required activities. While in the past, the majority of private forest owners had ties to agriculture and cultivated farmland alongside their forests, recent...
Climate change (“global warming”)is expected to exert serious negative effects on biodiversity. Knowledge and understanding of non-anthropogenic climate changes in previous geological eras may improve predictions about ongoing trends. In this context plant functional traits can be useful tools – the ecotype variations and plasticity of morphological, physiological and developmental traits may help to determine which plants or plant groups might overcome present severely and rapidly...
Topics: Environmental gradients, Global warming, Intraspecific trait variation, Leaf mass per area,...
An assessment of plant functional indicators of vegetation response to climate change requires a science-based evaluation of functional linkages between plants and climate. This paper addresses the hypotheses outlined in the preceding paper: 1) A whole-plant system of modal plant functional types (PFTs) based on a core set of functional traits can provide an improved alternative to PFTs and traits used so far in models of vegetation response to climate change; 2) Modal PFTs are more efficient...
Topics: Bioclimate, Green stem photosynthesis, Leaf inclination, Leaf stomatal distribution, Modal PFTs,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Andrew Revill; Carmen Emmel; Petra D'Odorico; Nina Buchmann; Lukas Hörtnagl; Werner Eugster
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In support of climate change mitigation strategies and food security, there is an ever-increasing requirement to understand the key drivers of cropland yields and carbon (C) budgets. Process-based crop models, driven by meteorological observations, can provide realistic simulations and diagnosis of the variability in crop C budgets. However, the field-scale observations required to validate the models, particularly across multiple growing seasons and crop types, are seldom available. This...
Topics: Crop carbon dioxide simulation, Crop growth simulation, Cropland carbon budget, Pea crop development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Both plantation forests and native woodlands are currently facing challenges in the form of rapid climatic change and unprecedented increases in damage by exotic pests and diseases. To combat these problems it has been proposed that a range of novel exotic tree species (non-native species that have not yet undergone thorough operational testing or previously been grown at a forestry scale) should be grown as part of an adaptive management strategy, and that non-native (including novel) species...
Topics: Climate change, Exotic tree, Introduction, Invasive species, Pathogen, Pest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 U. W.A. Vitharana; Umakant Mishra; R. B. Mapa
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Global inventories of spatial and vertical distribution of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks are being used in national and global initiatives targeted to mitigate climate change and land degradation impacts. Yet, national level high-resolution estimates of SOC stocks can be useful for improving the accuracy of global SOC inventories. We estimated spatially resolved SOC stocks of surface 0–30 cm and subsurface 30–100 cm layers at a spatial resolution of 30 m in tropical Island, Sri Lanka...
Topics: Digital soil mapping, Geographically weighted regression kriging, National estimates, Soil organic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Y. Zhou; R. Webster; R. A. Viscarra Rossel; Z. Shi; S. Chen
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Much of the carbon (C) stored in the soil of the high Qinghai–Tibet Plateau could be lost as a result of global warming. To provide a baseline against which to assess the loss we have made a new map at 90-m resolution from sample data of 1148 soil profiles augmented by information on climate, vegetation, physiography and digital elevation. We used the program Cubist, which works as a form of regression tree, to predict the concentration at the nodes of the 90-m grid. The uncertainty of the...
Topics: Climate change, Digital soil mapping, Soil carbon stock, Soil organic carbon, Tibetan Plateau
New zoogeomorphological features discovered in dryland landscapes of Northern Africa reflect human-animal agency since prehistory, and attest to complex, networked activities over great distances. We discuss the role of zoogeomorphology in shaping Earth's surface since the beginning of the Anthropocene, the timeframe when natural processes shifted and landscape evolution became more human-dominated. We focus on contexts in arid and semiarid lands of Northern Africa, which are metastable,...
Topics: Anthropocene, Arid regions, Climate change, Dust emission, North Africa, Zoogeomorphology
Palaeoflood reconstruction is of great importance to extend the flooding records and improve the understanding of their relationships with climatic change and geomorphologic evolution. As a large active rift basin in central China, Weihe Basin subsided and infilled in response to the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and Asian monsoon variations. Many rivers drain out the erodible Chinese Loess Plateau with tremendous detritus and then build up considerable fluvial sequences. Scarcity of organic...
Topics: Chinese Loess Plateau, Flooding activities, Fluvial sequence, OSL dating, Weihe Basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Rosemary N. Wojuola; Busisiwe P. Alant
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Increasing demands for energy, growing environmental concerns and the constraints of conventional energy sources have generated the need for public education on renewable energy, and the need for government policy to embrace renewable energy technologies. This paper is based on a previous study that explored the beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the Nigerian public to renewable energy technologies so as to derive implications for science and technology policy and education in the country. A...
Topics: Climate change, Energy education, Renewable energy, Renewable energy technologies (RETs), Science...
Climate change mainly caused by increased greenhouse gases and reduced fossil fuel reserves, have launched a more intensive use of renewable energy on a global scale. One of the oldest types of the renewable sources is well known small hydro electric facility. In this paper description of small hydro plant location, selection of the turbine, sizing of the plant, connecting plant to the grid, as well as the legal aspect and environmental impact of the future facility in Serbia are presented and...
Topics: Energy policy, Environmental impact, Small hydro electric plant, Techno-economic analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Bharati Kollah; Bhoopendra Singh; Manoj Parihar; Usha Ahirwar; Nagavanti Atoliya; Garima Dubey; Ashok Patra; Santosh Ranjan Mohanty
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Climate change is predicted to increase pest infestation and may lead to high use of insecticides in agriculture. Elevated CO 2 and other climate factors affect soil microbial processes like nitrification. To regulate climate change biochar (BC) has been recommended for soil application. It is hypothesized that elevated CO 2 and biochar may stimulate autolithotrophic nitrifiers and providing a matrix for microbial proliferation while chlorpyrifos inhibit nitrification through toxicity effect on...
Topics: Biochar, Chlorpyrifos, Climate change, Microorganisms, Nitrification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Seong Cheol Kang; Hoyoung Lee
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Global commitments for climate change mitigation and sustainable development have given the electric vehicle renewed attention as a critical building block of sustainable transport. However, the diffusion of electric vehicles has been limited so far. In an effort to facilitate scaled-up deployment of electric vehicles, this paper examines the economic feasibility of replacing the current fleet of fossil fuel taxis in Seoul with electric vehicle (EV) taxis by gradually phasing out the former...
Topics: Greenhouse gas, Sustainable transport
This paper presents a method for time-dependent reliability analysis, future performance predictions and optimum maintenance strategy of coastal flood defences such as earth sea dykes subjected to changing operation conditions. The reliability analysis takes into account both the changes of hydraulic variables such as water level and wave height due to climate change and the deterioration of structural capacities such as crest freeboard loss and soil seepage length degradation over time. A...
Topics: Deterioration modelling, Flood defence, Maintenance strategy, Multi-objective optimisation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 undefined González-Zamora; N. Sánchez; M. Pablos; J. Martínez-Fernández
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In this research, the active, passive and combined Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Soil Moisture (SM) products were evaluated in comparison with in situ SM measurements from five networks in Spain that have different spatial and temporal scales, densities and environmental conditions. Three of these networks, namely Rinconada, Morille and the Soil Moisture Measurement Stations Network of the University of Salamanca (REMEDHUS), are small- to medium-scale networks and have high station densities,...
Topics: CCI, SMOS, Soil moisture, Validation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Krishna Rao; William R.L. Anderegg; Anna Sala; Jordi Martínez-Vilalta; Alexandra G. Konings
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Drought-induced tree mortality events are expected to increase in frequency under climate change. However, monitoring and modeling of tree mortality is limited by the high spatial variability in vegetation response to climatic drought stress and lack of physiologically meaningful stress variables that can be monitored at large scales. In this study, we test the hypothesis that relative water content (RWC) estimated by passive microwave remote sensing through vegetation optical depth can be used...
Topics: AMSR, California drought, Climatic water deficit, Forest mortality, Random forests, Relative water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Biochar-based carbon management networks (CMNs) offer a means of achieving negative net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Such systems rely on relatively mature technologies for biochar production, distribution and application by tillage; thus, the prospects for near-term scale-up, especially in developing countries with agriculture-intensive economies, are promising. The main technological gap lies in the capability to predict, optimize and monitor the actual climate change mitigation benefits....
Topics: Biochar, Carbon banking, Carbon management network (CMN), Negative emissions technology (NET),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Madlles Queiroz Martins; Adésio Ferreira; Carolina de Oliveira Bernardes; Ana Isabel Ribeiro-Barros; José Cochicho Ramalho
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Climate change prospections indicate large fluctuations in terrestrial temperature, what may change the zoning of coffee cultivation. This is particularly true for Coffea canephora (conilon or robusta coffee) to which some suitable areas may become inappropriate. Thus, conilon cultivation at high altitudes may be an option to establish C. canephora, mitigating the possible effects of productive areas loss. In this context, the aim of this work was to evaluate the productivity, adaptability and...
Topics: Breeding, Cultivar, Low temperature, Productivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The EU aims to achieve a variety of ambitious climate change mitigation and sustainable development goals by 2030. To deliver on this aim, the European Commission (EC) launched the bioeconomy strategy in 2012. At the heart of this policy is the concept of the sustainable Biorefinery, which is based centrally on a cost-effective conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into bioenergy and bioproducts. The first generation of biorefineries was based on utilization of edible food crops, which raised a...
Topics: Biochemicals, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Biomaterials, Biorefinery, Lignocellulose
Mendeley Climate Change Library
2019 Izzet Ari; Riza Fikret Yikmaz
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The aim of this study is to analyse impacts of renewable energy sources in achieving Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) targets of Turkey. INDCs as a part the Paris Agreement are based on national circumstances of countries on climate change. In order to reach the global goal of the Paris Agreement, countries shall monitor, update and upgrade their INDCs. The overall target of Turkish INDC is to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions up to 21 per cent from the Business as...
Topics: INDCs, Renewable Energy, The Paris Agreement
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Managing the municipal solid waste (MSW) is a task that requires the combination of multiple strategies in order to follow the concept of circular economy. Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plants are producing electricity and heat but also have other byproducts that need to be disposed or can be reused. The standard method for assessing the WtE plants is the utilization of the R1 formula. The R1 formula has several limitations and is not able to integrate more parameters like the recovery of metals. The...
Topics: Energy efficiency, Energy from waste, Exergy analysis. gasification, Waste-to-Energy