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The effects of climate change and urban heat islands are predicted to grow and compound in the future. In the context of urban heat becoming an increasing problem, this article explores the extent to which this is recognised in media. Our findings show that the issue of the urban heat island (UHI) effect appeared on media agendas over the period studied and that predominantly the issue of UHI was framed in four ways. The top-down mitigation frame focused on the proactive approach of local...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental policy, Framing, Media, Urban greening, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hui Huang; Nicole Kfoury; Colin M. Orians; Timothy Griffin; Selena Ahmed; Sean B. Cash; John Richard Stepp; Dayuan Xue; Chunlin Long; Albert Robbat
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Plant-climate interactions affect the edible crop composition, impacting flavor, nutrition, and overall consumer liking. In this study, principal components analysis was used to assess the macro- and micronutrient metal concentrations in pre-monsoon (spring), monsoon (summer), and post-monsoon (autumn) tea (Camelia sinensis (L.) Kuntze) from Yunnan Province, China in 2014–2016. Statistical differences were observed (p = 1.35E-24). Fe, Ca, Mg, Mn, Al, and Ba concentrations were higher in June...
Topics: Climate change, Elevation, ICP/OES, Season, Tea quality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Smail Kozarcanin; Hailiang Liu; Gorm Bruun Andresen
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Falling prices and significant technology developments currently drive an increased weather-dependent electricity production from renewables. In light of the changing climate, it is relevant to investigate to what extent climate change directly impacts future highly weather-dependent electricity systems. Here, we use three IPCC CO 2 concentration pathways for the period 2006–2100 with six high-resolution climate experiments for the European domain. Climate data are used to calculate...
Topics: climate change mitigation, dispatchable electricity, electricity demand projection, global climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nick Harvey; Beverley Clarke
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Recent coastal legislative and policy reform in Australia reflects the changing focus of coastal management studies in the international scientific literature indicating a move towards systems perspectives, cross-boundary management strategies and an integration of marine and terrestrial environments. Significant global and national reports on integrated coastal management and climate change set the stage for a 21st Century wave of coastal reform in Australia. Given the absence of Australian...
In this study, we developed the tree-ring width chronology for the period of 1404 BCE to 2015 CE using Qilian juniper (Sabina przewalskii Kom.) trees collected from the Buerhanbuda Mts. in the southeastern Qaidam Basin (QB) near Nuomuhong Village, Qinghai Province. This is the first and longest chronology to date in this region. Based on the relationships between the tree-ring width chronology and climate data, the annual precipitation from previous July to current June (July-June) was...
Topics: Annual precipitation, Chronology, Millennium, Qaidam Basin, Tree-ring
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The Taklamakan Desert is a major dust source area for northwestern China. The history of aridification and sandstorm activity of the desert is recorded in the lacustrine sediments of the Lop Nur paleolake, on the eastern margin of the desert. In this study, we used accelerator mass spectrometry 14 C dating, the ln (Al/Ca) ratio, and the grain size of the non-biogenic fraction of sediment core KY01 taken from the center of Lop Nur to produce a ∼40 kyr record of local climate change. During...
Topics: Aridification, Dust activity, Lop nur paleolake, Northern hemisphere cold event, Northwestern...
Excessive greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions have caused serious global warming and climate change. As the construction and demolition waste (CDW)end of life disposal process is a source of GHG emissions, it is vital to precisely estimate and reduce CDW end of life GHG emissions. The precise estimation of CDW information is essential for GHG estimation and reduction. However, as current CDW information and associated GHG estimation methods tend to be inaccurate, in this paper, a building information...
Topics: Building information modeling, Construction and demolition waste, Greenhouse gas emissions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kimberly F. Manago; Terri S. Hogue; Aaron Porter; Amanda S. Hering
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Groundwater levels in urban areas are irregularly sampled and not well understood. Using a separable space–time Bayesian Hierarchical Model, we obtain multiple imputations of the missing values to analyze spatial and temporal groundwater level fluctuations in Los Angeles, CA.
Topics: Bayesian hierarchical model, Multiple imputation, Separable space–time
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Orestis Stavrakidis-Zachou; Nikos Papandroulakis; Konstadia Lika
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The framework provided by the Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory allows the quantification of metabolic processes and the associated biological rates that are of interest for aquaculture, such as growth and feeding. The DEB parameters were estimated for farmed European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), a species of major importance for the Mediterranean aquaculture, using zero- and uni-variate literature data and achieving an overall good fit. The obtained parameter set was used to validate the...
Topics: Dicentrarchus labrax, European sea bass, Inter-individual variability, Interval estimates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by William J. Sutherland; Steven Broad; Nafeesa Esmail; Stuart H.M. Butchart; Stewart J. Clarke; Alexandra M. Collins; Lynn V. Dicks; Helen Doran; Erica Fleishman; Nicola Frost; David W. Gibbons; Alice C. Hughes; Zhigang Jiang; Ruth Kelman; Becky LeAnstey
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We present the results of our tenth annual horizon scan. We identified 15 emerging priority topics that may have major positive or negative effects on the future conservation of global biodiversity, but currently have low awareness within the conservation community. We hope to increase research and policy attention on these areas, improving the capacity of the community to mitigate impacts of potentially negative issues, and maximise the benefits of issues that provide opportunities. Topics...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohammed Sanusi Shiru; Shamsuddin Shahid; Eun Sung Chung; Noraliani Alias; Laura Scherer
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A multi-criteria decision-making approach was used for the selection of GCMs for Nigeria based on their ability to replicate historical rainfall estimated using three entropy-based feature selection methods namely, Entropy Gain (EG), Gain Ratio (GR), and Symmetrical Uncertainty (SU). Performances of four bias correction methods were compared to identify the most suitable method for downscaling and projection of rainfall using the selected GCMs. Random forest (RF) regression was used for the...
Topics: Feature selection method, General circulation model, Information entropy, Random forest,...
The representation of the temporal dynamics of ecosystem services (ES) is a crucial research frontier in the field of ES modeling. In fact, most current ES models focus on static ES assessments, that need to be repeated with different inputs per time step to explore potential changes in ES. Here, we present a new approach for the dynamic modeling of multiple ES, based on the Petri Net modeling framework. The key features are: (i) multiple ES are modeled together as a single network, using a...
Topics: Climate change, Ecosystem services interactions, Integrated management, Social-ecological systems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chuang Zhao; Bing Liu; Liujun Xiao; Gerrit Hoogenboom; Kenneth J. Boote; Belay T. Kassie; Willingthon Pavan; Vakhtang Shelia; Kwang Soo Kim; Ixchel M. Hernandez-Ochoa; Daniel Wallach; Cheryl H. Porter; Claudio O. Stockle; Yan Zhu; Senthold Asseng
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Crop models are important tools for assessing the impact of climate change on crop production. While multiple models have been developed over the past decades for the major food and fiber crops such as wheat, maize, soybean, rice, and cotton, there are few or none for many other crops. The goal of this study was to develop a simple generic crop model (SIMPLE) that could be easily modified for any crop to simulate development, crop growth and yield. The crop model SIMPLE includes 13 parameters...
Topics: Calibration, Climate impact, Crop model, Simple, Simulation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dayong Zhang; Zhiwei Zhang; Shunsuke Managi
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With growing global actions toward climate changes, green finance receives large attention in recent literature. It is though conceptually unclear, with no consensus achieved on its definition among researchers. This paper provides a brief review of the recent advances in green finance research. It uses a bibliometric analysis approach to summarize the status quo and development trends of green finance. We assist establishing a solid conceptual base and guidance to future research directions.
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Climate change, Green finance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Farzin Golzar; Niko Heeren; Stefanie Hellweg; Ramin Roshandel
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The aim of this study is to investigate the most important drivers of environmental impacts and identify the influence of parameters on the uncertainty of the environmental impacts in various climate zones and future climate scenarios. We couple a combined greenhouse energy demand-yield simulation tool with a life cycle assessment to identify the drivers for greenhouse energy, water and CO2 demand as well as yield production. Environmental impacts are evaluated using the methods of IPPC for...
The beneficial effects of nut consumption on human health have been largely confirmed. However, these benefits are variable as a wide range of factors have main influence on the nutritional composition of nuts. This is the case of the specific cultivar considered, as different almond, pistachio and walnut cultivars produce nuts with differentiated composition. Still, there are factors beyond cultivar effect that need to be further analysed. This is the case of weather conditions during nut...
Topics: Almond, Climate change, Crop year, Nutrition, Pistachio, Walnut
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jenna Wraith; Catherine Pickering
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Thousands of plants are at risk of extinction globally due to human activities, including many species of orchids. In Australia alone there are 184 orchids identified as threatened by the Australian Government, but what threatens them and where are they threatened? Using data derived from listing documents for these orchids, threats were allocated to 28 categories. Then, the distributions of the orchids and hence likely geographic patterns of threats were mapped using 14,651 location records...
Topic: Threatened species
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A balanced panel of 103 countries for the period 1995–2011 is introduced into a metafrontier framework to gain insight into the idiosyncratic performance of countries in two distinct groups — developed (Annex I) countries and developing (non-Annex I) countries. We measure efficiency using a generalized directional distance function model suitable for dealing with anthropogenic emissions. The measurement of efficiency and technology gaps takes into account the group-specific heterogeneity....
Topics: Efficiency, Environment and climate change, Metafrontier, Technology gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xi Peng; Xiang Kun Zhu; Fuqiang Shi; Bin Yan; Feifei Zhang; Nina Zhao; Pingan Peng; Jin Li; Dan Wang; Graham A. Shields
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The late-Cryogenian warm (non-glacial) interval (c.660 − c.650 Ma) is potentially of great significance to the co-evolution between life and the surface environment during the emergence of animal life on Earth. In this study, three high-resolution organic carbon isotopic (δ13Corg) records for the Datangpo/Xiangmeng Formation on the Yangtze Craton are presented. The data derive from drill cores representing different depositional settings at Daotuo (slope setting), Minle (shallow-water...
Topics: Cryogenian non-glacial interval, Nanhua Basin, Organic carbon isotopes, Organic carbon reservoir,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maarten Christis; Koen Breemersch; An Vercalsteren; Evelien Dils
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Within national carbon footprints, households are responsible for bulk of the overall direct and indirect carbon emissions. Also, the wide spread in household characteristics (e.g. size, income, age)leads not only to different carbon footprints, but also includes an underlying difference in the contributions of the consumption domains. Therefore, it is essential that policies focussing on climate change mitigation should be customized to take into account these differences. In this study we...
Topics: Carbon footprint, Household budget survey, Household consumption, Input-output analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Antonio Juan Collados-Lara; Eulogio Pardo-Igúzquiza; David Pulido-Velazquez
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Snow dynamics in alpine systems play an important role in water resources management. One of the main variables that characterises the snowpack is snow cover area. In this paper, we present a novel methodology to assess the impact of climate change scenarios on snow cover area in alpine systems. The methodology calibrates and validates a distributed cellular automata (CA) model. Potential climate change scenarios can be generated to feed the CA model in order to assess the potential impact of...
Topics: Cellular automata, Climate change, Snow cover area, Spanish Sierra Nevada
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Long Wang; Hang Yu; Maoling Yang; Rui Yang; Rui Gao; Ying Wang
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Based on the principles underlying the calculation of the standardized precipitation index (SPI) and standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI), this study selects precipitation, temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours, wind speed and runoff data to develop a multi-scalar drought index, the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration runoff index (SPERI), using methods such as Penman-Monteith and Copula. This index is applied along with the SPI and SPEI to Yunnan...
Topics: Copula function, SPEI, SPERI, SPI
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eranga K. Galappaththi; James D. Ford; Elena M. Bennett
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There is a rapidly growing body of scholarship on climate change adaptation in diverse contexts globally. Despite this, climate adaptation at the community level has not received adequate conceptual attention, and a limited number of analytical frameworks are available for assessing place-specific adaptations, particularly in a fisheries context. We use conceptual material from social-ecological systems (SES) resilience and human development resilience to build an integrated framework for...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Conceptual framework, Development, Fisheries, Place-based elements,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pierre Gaüzère; Guilhem Doulcier; Vincent Devictor; Sonia Kéfi
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Community Weighted Means (CWM) are valuable tools describing community composition with respect to one given trait. They have been widely used as indicators in global change studies to measure biodiversity responses to environmental perturbations. However, how individual species contribute to such community indicators has hardly been investigated. One of the reasons lies in the absence of a methodological framework relating changes in community dynamics to species-specific population...
Topics: Birds, Community Weighted Means, Community ecology, Functional biogeography, Global changes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Natalie Suckall; Emma L. Tompkins; Katharine Vincent
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People have been adapting to climate variability and change, with varying degrees of success, for millennia. Yet many individuals and communities struggle to adapt to present day climate variability and extremes. If, as climate projections suggest, we are heading towards a possible 4 °C increase in temperature by 2100, the adaptation deficit could increase significantly. ‘Transformation’ that is radical, rapid and revolutionary and that fundamentally changes the nature of a system may be a...
Topics: Coast, Distribution, Inclusive development, Transformation, Wellbeing
With concerns about future catastrophic disasters, elevated CO 2 concentration (eCO 2 ), global warming and vegetation changes have received much attention globally. In recent years, studies have suggested controlling climate change should be based on regional impacts. However, regional quantitative assessments of respective and combination influences of CO 2 , temperature and vegetation variations on water resources remain limited. To address this issue, a comprehensive framework is developed....
Topics: CO 2, Runoff, Vegetation changes, Warming, Water resources
Several climate change policies, such as emissions trading schemes and carbon taxes, have been implemented in many countries and regions around the world. However, the current Coalition Government in Australia does not prefer such methods and has argued that these policies would substantially increase the electricity price, and weaken the Australian competitiveness and the whole economy. Subsequently, the Government replaced the carbon tax policy in July 2014 with its Emissions Reduction Fund,...
Topics: Renewable electricity generation sectors, Reverse auction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Human activities and climate change are two key factors influencing the variation of the total amount of available surface and groundwater, hereafter termed water resources. Quantitatively separating their impacts remains a challenge. To this end, we used time-varying Budyko-type equations and a hierarchical Bayesian model in this paper to separate their impacts in 31 provincial-level divisions of China. The time-varying Budyko-type equations treat the Budyko equation parameter w as a variable,...
Topics: Budyko equation, Climate change, Hierarchical Bayesian model, Human activities, Water resources...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christina Ludwig; Andreas Walli; Christian Schleicher; Jürgen Weichselbaum; Michael Riffler
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Wetlands are valuable ecosystems providing a variety of important ecosystem services such as food supply and flood control. Due to increasing anthropogenic influences and the impact of climate change, wetlands are increasingly threatened and degraded. An effective monitoring of wetlands is therefore necessary to preserve and restore these endangered ecosystems. Earth Observation (EO) data offer a great potential to support cost-effective and large-scale monitoring of wetlands. Current...
Topics: Image compositing, Sentinel-2, Split-based image thresholding, WWPI, Water body mapping, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. A. Morales-Marín; P. R. Sanyal; H. Kadowaki; Z. Li; P. Rokaya; K. E. Lindenschmidt
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Ice phenology, defined as the timing of freeze-up and ice-cover breakup, plays a key role in streamflow regimes in cold-region river catchments. River freeze-up and ice-cover breakup events are controlled by meteorological and hydrological variables. In this study, we present a modelling framework consisting of a physically-based semi-distributed hydrological model and the integration of a 1D stream temperature model that can predict the ice duration in cold region rivers. The hydrological...
Topics: Athabasca river basin, Breakup, Freeze-up, Simulation, Stream temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Robert Scheller; Alec Kretchun; Todd J. Hawbaker; Paul D. Henne
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Fire regimes are now recognized as the product of social processes whereby fire on any landscape is the product of human-generated drivers: climate change, historical patterns of vegetation manipulation, invasive species, active fire suppression, ongoing fuel management efforts, prescribed burning, and accidental ignitions. We developed a new fire model (Social-Climate Related Pyrogenic Processes and their Landscape Effects: SCRPPLE) that emphasizes the social dimensions of fire and enables...
Topics: Fire regime, Fire suppression, Ignition, LANDIS-II, Mortality, Spread
Walmart Inc., the U.S. and world's largest grocery retailer, owns a perishables, grocery, and general merchandise distribution center network, which stores and distributes refrigerated and non-refrigerated food. Finding cost-effective strategies to implement solar and wind-powered electricity in their distribution centers was the central objective of this research. The study analyzed the tradeoffs and effects on costs and climate change impact related to the increase of renewable energy use in...
Topics: Food distribution center, Life cycle assessment, Non-refrigerated warehouse, Refrigerated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by T. M. Gulotta; M. Mistretta; F. G. Praticò
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In the past, lowest price was the award criterion, given that structural capacity and safety were assured. In the last years, environmental, energy, and long-term impacts have been introduced (climate change, resource depletion, energy consumption, generated solid waste, discharged water, and emissions). Unfortunately, the introduction of new pavement technologies and materials (i.e., waste plastics) affects maintenance and rehabilitation processes and call for accurate and timeliness studies...
Topics: Energy, Environmental impacts, Hot mix asphalt (HMA), Life cycle assessment, Reclaimed asphalt...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaobin Guan; Huanfeng Shen; Xinghua Li; Wenxia Gan; Liangpei Zhang
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Urbanization not only directly alters the regional ecosystem net primary productivity (NPP) through land-cover replacement, but it is also accompanied by huge indirect impacts due to the associated climate change and anthropogenic activities. However, to date, limited efforts have been made to quantitatively separate the two types of urbanization impacts, and the continuous variations over a long-time span are not well understood. In this study, both the long-term direct and indirect impacts of...
Topics: Land-use/cover change, Net primary productivity, Remote sensing, Spatiotemporal analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Due to the threats of climate change and global warming, carbon emissions are becoming a new concern during power system operation. This paper proposes a consumption-side carbon emission penalty scheme, where consumers are penalized based on their individual carbon emission responsibilities and penalty rates. Firstly, carbon emission responsibilities (CER) of consumers are determined after allocating the generators’ carbon emission responsibilities to consumers through power flow tracing....
Topics: Consumption-side, Economic dispatch, Emission penalty, Low-carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Çağdaş Kuşçu Şimşek; Halime Ödül
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It is known that changes in urban surface characteristics lead to different urban climates. The surrounding environment directly affects thermal comfort and human behavior. In this respect, for sustainable urban growth, the evaluation of urbanization together with climate change from past to present is also important for planning. The main aim of the study is to propose a retrospective GIS-based change detection method for the monitoring of urban climate change by using satellite images. Two...
Topics: Remote sensing, Urban planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Roger Teoh; Marc E.J. Stettler; Arnab Majumdar; Ulrich Schumann; Adam M. Boies
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Black carbon (BC) particle number (PN) emissions from various sources contribute to the deterioration of air quality, adverse health effects, and anthropogenic climate change. This paper critically reviews different fractal aggregate theories to develop a new methodology that relates BC PN and mass concentrations (or emissions factors). The new methodology, named as the fractal aggregate (FA) model is validated with measurements from three different BC emission sources: an internal combustion...
Topics: Fractal aggregates, Particle mass, Particle number
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eelco J. Rohling; Gianluca Marino; Katharine M. Grant; Paul A. Mayewski; Bernhard Weninger
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A repeating pattern of multi-centennial-scale Holocene climate events has been widely (globally) documented, and they were termed Rapid Climate Change (RCC) events. Non-seasalt potassium ion (K + ) series in Greenland ice cores provide well-constrained timings for the events, and a direct timing relationship has been inferred between these events and the frequency of northerly cold polar/continental air outbreaks over the eastern Mediterranean Sea through gaps in the mountain ranges along the...
Topics: Holocene, Middle east, Palaeoclimate modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hossny Azizalrahman; Valid Hasyimi
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Urbanization as a migratory and transformative process brings changes to human activities that make a significant contribution to climate change. Carbon emissions have been steadily increasing because of rapid world population growth. This paper attempts to formulate an impact model of urbanization on carbon emissions by offering a breakdown of urban sector drivers of emissions: residential, commercial and industrial to elucidate the dynamics of variables’ interaction. The model facilitates a...
Topics: ARDL, Carbon emissions, Commercial and industrial activities, Residential, USDM, Urban sector...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zongmin Li; Xinxin Zhang; Yanfang Ma; Cuiying Feng
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Urbanization and climate change have increased the frequency of damaging urban floods. While some urban floods are inevitable, it is critical to ensure urban flood resilience to minimize flood losses. This paper develops an urban flood resilience evaluation system that can provide guidance for municipal decision makers. This study first builds a comprehensive flood resilience evaluation system with the whole period of the disaster cycle that covers the resistance capacity before a flood, the...
Topics: Hesitant fuzzy VIKOR, Information aggregation, Multi-criteria decision making, Urban Flood...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nadja Kabisch; Peter Selsam; Toralf Kirsten; Angela Lausch; Jan Bumberger
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With global changes such as climate change and urbanization, land cover is prone to changing rapidly in cities around the globe. Urban management and planning is challenged with development pressure to house increasing numbers of people. Most up-to date continuous land use and land cover change data are needed to make informed decisions on where to develop new residential areas while ensuring sufficient open and green spaces for a sustainable urban development. Optical remote sensing data...
Topics: Classified Vegetation Cover (CVC), Greenness, Leipzig, Multi-sensor, Multi-temporal, NDVI, New...
There is growing interest worldwide in more effective policies to promote industrial energy efficiency and mitigate climate change. The White Certificates Scheme is a market-based mechanism aimed at stimulating the adoption of Energy Efficiency Measures. The Italian White Certificates scheme - one of the most long-standing and articulated - is a successful example of industrial energy efficiency policies, considered an interesting and remarkable case by other countries, especially due to its...
Topic: White Certificates Scheme
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Elisa Calliari; Melania Michetti; Luca Farnia; Emiliano Ramieri
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Collaboration barriers have been reported among the most frequent institutional constraints to adaptation. Yet, the growing literature on the topic has been largely descriptive and little attention has been placed on how to transform barriers into enablers for action. By taking a fragile socio-ecological lagoon system in Southern Mexico as a case study, the paper applies a social network analytical approach to: i) reveal the actual web of connections tying stakeholders through local governance...
Topics: Adaptation barriers, Collaborative governance, Institutions, Social network analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The social cost of carbon (SCC) represents monetary value of the damage caused by carbon dioxide emissions in climate change. It is an important standard for the formulation of climate policy. The uncertainty of carbon social cost is closely related to climate sensitivity, damage parameters, discount rate and so on. Previous studies have mainly focused on the consequences of climate change and the effect of social cost of carbon and welfare under different policies. Its research on the social...
Topics: Carbon cycle model, Discount rate, Uncertainty, social cost of carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laurie R. Godfrey; Nick Scroxton; Brooke E. Crowley; Stephen J. Burns; Michael R. Sutherland; Ventura R. Pérez; Peterson Faina; David McGee; Lovasoa Ranivoharimanana
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Fundamental disagreements remain regarding the relative importance of climate change and human activities as triggers for Madagascar's Holocene megafaunal extinction. We use stable isotope data from stalagmites from northwest Madagascar coupled with radiocarbon and butchery records from subfossil bones across the island to investigate relationships between megafaunal decline, climate change, and habitat modification. Archaeological and genetic evidence support human presence by 2000 years...
Topics: Indian Ocean trade network, Paleoclimate, Population expansion, Quaternary extinction, Speleothems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Huiying Luo; Marina Astitha; Christian Hogrefe; Rohit Mathur; S. Trivikrama Rao
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Regional-scale air quality models and observations at routine air quality monitoring sites are used to determine attainment/non-attainment of the ozone air quality standard in the United States. In current regulatory applications, a regional-scale air quality model is applied for a base year and a future year with reduced emissions using the same meteorological conditions as those in the base year. Because of the stochastic nature of the atmosphere, the same meteorological conditions would not...
Topics: Air quality models, Attainment demonstration, Emission control strategies, Ozone, Probability of...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Sanchez-Morales; Eulogio Pardo-Igúzquiza; Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Tovar; Peter A. Dowd
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Mediterranean high-relief karst areas are very vulnerable to changes in temporal patterns of precipitation and temperature. Understanding climate change in these areas requires current climate trends to be assessed within the context of the variability of rainfall and temperature trends in the recent past. A major difficulty is that the instrumental record in these high-relief areas is very limited and the use of data from paleoclimatic proxies, such as tree-ring data, is required to infer past...
Topics: Abies pinsapo, Climatic change, Dendro-climatological analysis, Kernel smoothing, Rainfall,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Autumn phenological variation of temperate and northern ecosystems plays a major but poorly defined role in the global carbon cycle. Constructing robust process-based autumn phenology models is key for improving current ecosystem models to accurately simulate ecosystem productivity and carbon sequestration. In this study, we developed a new process-based autumn phenology model. The model was fitted and validated using 67 leaf coloration and brown-down time series collected for 27 woody and...
Topics: Climate change, Model comparison, Plant phenology, Process-based leaf senescence model, Spatial and...
Mesophotic green algal meadows of Avrainvillea canariensis are firstly reported for Madeira island. This represents a northern expansion of the species by nearly 500 km turning the species a Macaronesian endemism. The meadows of A. canariensis were found in a sandy bottom in the South coast of the island of Madeira, inside the Marine Park of Cabo Girão, covering an estimated area of 50 m 2 at a depth range 25–30 m. The collected specimens reached about 12 cm in height and were found...
Topics: Avrainvillea canariensis, Climatic effects, Madeira, Mesophotic, Soft-bottoms, Subtidal
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gang Xue; Yanjun Cai; Le Ma; Xing Cheng; Hai Cheng; R. Lawrence Edwards; Dong Li; Liangcheng Tan
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We present a highly resolved oxygen isotope (δ 18 O) record of the penultimate glacial-interglacial transition from a 230 Th-dated stalagmite (SD1) from the Shangxiaofeng Cave in north-eastern China. Our δ 18 O record reveals two prominent features. First, the SD1 δ 18 O record documents a brief increase of δ 18 O between 128.5 and 128.1 ka BP. Though this event has been identified in several marine records, our radiogenic dated record precisely constraints the timing and duration of the...
Topics: Coastline shift, Oxygen isotope, Penultimate deglaciation, Stalagmite, Weak monsoon interval
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wenzhe Jiao; Lixin Wang; Kimberly A. Novick; Qing Chang
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Remote sensing data are frequently incorporated into drought indices used widely by research and management communities to assess and diagnose current and historic drought events. The integrated drought indices combine multiple indicators and reflect drought conditions from a range of perspectives (i.e., hydrological, agricultural, meteorological). However, the success of most remote sensing based drought indices is constrained by geographic regions since their performance strongly depends on...
Topics: Drought monitoring, GIIDI_station, GWR, PCA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ying Zhao; Bingcheng Si; Zhenhua Zhang; Min Li; Hailong He; Robert Lee Hill
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Soil thermal conductivity (λ) is frequently required when studying coupled heat and water transfer in soils. While λ models are widely available for mineral soil, they are not as readily available for organic soil, which plays an increasingly significant role in climate change and carbon sequestration. This study used a heat-pulse method to measure the thermal properties of six soil peat:mineral mixes spanning wide ranges of water contents and bulk densities. Based on this, a new generalized...
Topics: Dual-probe heat pulse method, Model, Peat, Soil thermal conductivity
The study of precipitation and temperature variability in Portugal, including their extremes, is often restricted by the lack of high-resolution gridded datasets at daily timescales and available for sufficiently long time periods. They are of quite importance specially when considering hydrology modeling at a local scale. To overcome this limitation, we develop new high-resolution gridded datasets (∼1 km) of daily precipitation (1950–2015) over Portugal. Daily precipitation is downscaled...
Topics: Corgo river, Distributed hydrologic model, High-resolution climatic data, Portugal, Statistical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Ecosystems are at risk of environmental degradation by the intensification of human activities and climate change over the world. This manuscript aims to present a systematic and direct methodology for abiotic risk assessment. In this study, a novel ecological risk assessment index called “performance relative severity index” (PRS) was developed to directly identify the risk of ecosystem collapse due to abiotic stress. The index is acquired by calculating the degree of deviation from...
Topics: Ecological risk assessment index, Environmental degradation, Remotely sensed data, Xishuangbanna
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Siyue Guo; Da Yan; Tianzhen Hong; Chan Xiao; Ying Cui
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The global climate change has resulted in not only warmer climate conditions but also more frequent extreme weather events, such as heat waves. However, the impact of heat waves on the indoor environment has been investigated in a limited manner. In this research, the indoor thermal environment is analyzed using a building performance simulation tool for a typical residential building in multiple cities in China, over a time period of 60 years using actual measured weather data, in order to...
Topics: Actual weather data, DeST, Heat wave, Multiyear simulation, Residential indoor thermal environment,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jock C. Currie; Tracey P. Fairweather; Henning Winker
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Climate change and fishery impacts modify the spatial distribution of marine species. Understanding and predicting changes in distribution is important for adaptation by fishers and the management of fishery resources and biodiversity. However, identifying such trends is challenging given the variability inherent in trawl survey data. We apply a novel two-step approach to identify fish distribution trends from trawl surveys. First, species-specific average locations (mean latitude and longitude...
Topics: Distribution trend, South Africa, Spatio-temporal model, Trawl surveys
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cynthia M. Kallenbach; Richard T. Conant; Francisco Calderón; Matthew D. Wallenstein
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Crop yield reductions are common in drought-stressed agroecosystems and are likely to become more frequent with climate change. To combat this, soil amendments are often used to enhance soil moisture retention but typically only lead to marginal improvements. Moreover, even as concern over agricultural water use mounts, a large fraction of food is wasted. Diverting more food waste and byproducts back to agricultural fields could reduce waste issues while ameliorating critical water limitations....
Topics: Soil nitrogen, Water retention
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Energy for society is an important element globally. Policy discussions in relation to climate change, suggest a transition from fossil-carbon-based systems to those based primarily upon renewable sources. The authors of this paper focused on a technical approach that can help to make that transition, namely pilot photovoltaic net metering installation for a business-residential entity in Slovenia, including its environmental perspectives. Results of the pilot photovoltaic net metering system...
Topics: Case study Slovenia, Life cycle assessment, Net metering, Photovoltaics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carla Nogueira; Christiane Werner; Ana Rodrigues; Maria C. Caldeira
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Mediterranean annual grasslands are species-diverse ecosystems of high economic and ecological value. CO 2 and water fluxes in these grasslands are triggered by the first rains in autumn, after a long hot and dry summer. Climate change scenarios project altered rainfall patterns, such as prolonged dry season into the autumn, while simultaneously nitrogen (N) deposition is increasing globally. However, how these global change drivers will interact to affect Mediterranean grassland CO 2 , water...
Topics: Autumn drought, Ecosystem respiration, Gross primary productivity, Mediterranean grassland, Net...
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The environmental attitude associated with sustainable development includes the belief that the manipulation of ecosystems has a negative effect on natural evolution. Therefore, monitoring and controlling mechanisms have been developed for urban construction activities. Accordingly, urban green building ranking systems have been established around the world. However, Iran does not have its own system, nor does it follow any existing system due to political relationship issues. Through...
Topics: Climate change, Green building, Green roof, Green wall, Monetary valuation, Ranking system
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Macarena L. Cárdenas; Oliver J. Wilson; Lauri A. Schorn; Francis E. Mayle; José Iriarte
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Southern Brazil's highland Araucaria forest is ancient, diverse and unique, but its future is under significant threat from 20th Century habitat loss and 21st Century climate change. Paleoecological studies have revealed that it expanded rapidly over highland grasslands around 1000 years ago, but whether this expansion was caused by human land use or climate change has been a topic of considerable debate. Discriminating between these potential drivers has so far not been possible with fossil...
Topics: Araucaria forest, Human impact, Modern analogs, Moss polsters, Pollen
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Isa Ebtehaj; Hossein Bonakdari; Bahram Gharabaghi
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Accurate forecasting of lake level time series (LLTS) is an important but challenging problem with major economic, social and environmental implications. However, in recent years, the level of uncertainty in the existing LLTS forecast methods has increased significantly due to climate change, therefore, the need to develop more accurate models. The main research question for this study is whether it is necessary to use nonlinear methods in LLTS modeling or if linear methods can produce as...
Topics: Linear modeling, Pre-processing, SARIMA, Spectral analysis, Stochastic
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Linling Zhang; Ruyin Long; Hong Chen; Jichao Geng
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Road traffic is one of the main sources of carbon emissions that cause climate change. Despite numerous studies on road traffic emissions, significant challenges remain in carbon emissions measurement and quantitative evaluation of mitigation effects. This paper first reviews the measurement of carbon emission from road traffic including the top-down model and the bottom-up model. Then, we summarize the main factors that affect the traffic carbon emissions, which are divided into three...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Influencing factors, Measurement method, Mitigation measures, Road traffic
This interdisciplinary review organizes, summarizes and critically analyzes the literature regarding the nexus between climate change and the built environment, its associated impacts, and the proposed mitigation measures and challenges for their implementation. While global warming-driven changes of ecosystems could have multiple impacts on the built environment (most prominently on building energy demand and related urban energy systems), the building sector presents significant potential for...
Topics: Buildings, Climate change, Policy, Renovation
This paper provides a comprehensive review of two decades of published research that applies different economic approaches to address forested watershed management decisions. The review takes stock of the applied integrated economic and ecohydrological modeling approaches and assesses the way these approaches capture the complexities involved when linking ecohydrological and economic systems. The implications of integrating watershed services into forest management decisions are discussed,...
Topics: Decision-making, Forest conservation, Forest management, Hydro-economic models, Watershed services
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohammad Ali Rajaeifar; Saeed Sadeghzadeh Hemayati; Meisam Tabatabaei; Mortaza Aghbashlo; Seyed Bagher Mahmoudi
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Among the various agri-food sub-sectors, sugar production is specifically ranked among the top energy-intensive industries in which massive amounts of various fossil energy carriers are used during sugar beet processing jeopardizing the environmental sustainability of the whole industry. Among the various solutions introduced to date, using renewable energies to supply power to this industry could be regarded as a promising approach to reduce the environmental concerns faced by this sector. In...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Beet sugar industry, Life cycle assessment, Municipal solid waste, Renewable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Won Jun Jang; Jae Oh Shim; Hak Min Kim; Seong Yeun Yoo
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Because the whole world is under threat from climate change, 195 countries decided to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by adopting the “Paris Agreement”. The mitigation and utilization of GHG have become the most significant challenges in the area of green energy research. One feasible solution is the reforming of methane with carbon dioxide (called dry reforming of methane, DRM) that converts the two main GHGs (CO 2 and CH 4 ) into synthesis gas (H 2 and CO), which is a resource for...
Topics: CO 2 utilization, Carbon formation, Catalytic property, Dry reforming of methane, Greenhouse gas,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The black truffle (Tuber melanosporum) is a highly revered culinary icon species that grows symbiotically with its host trees across several parts of southern Europe. Where harvested under natural or cultivated conditions, truffles can have a significant socioeconomic impact and may even form a key component of cultural identity. Although some aspects of truffle biology and ecology have been elucidated recently, the role of abiotic, environmental and climatic factors in the production and...
Topic: Tuber melanosporum
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nan Zhou; Lynn Price; Dai Yande; Jon Creyts; Nina Khanna; David Fridley; Hongyou Lu; Wei Feng; Xu Liu; Ali Hasanbeigi; Zhiyu Tian; Hongwei Yang; Quan Bai; Yuezhong Zhu; Huawen Xiong; Jianguo Zhang
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As part of its Paris Agreement commitment, China pledged to peak carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions around 2030, striving to peak earlier, and to increase the non-fossil share of primary energy to 20% by 2030. Yet by the end of 2017, China emitted 28% of the world's energy-related CO 2 emissions, 76% of which were from coal use. How China can reinvent its energy economy cost-effectively while still achieving its commitments was the focus of a three-year joint research project completed in...
Topic: Paris Agreement
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jessica Aschemann-Witzel; Gastón Ares; John Thøgersen; Erminio Monteleone
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Background: Humanity's current use of resources is not in line with the goal of sustainable development. Climate change impact scenarios appear worryingly pessimistic. The agricultural and food production accounts for a particularly high share of the impact, and this also holds for consumption of food. Transforming food consumption plays a crucial role in tackling the challenges, and sensory consumer science can contribute to this. Scope and approach: This commentary examines what is required...
Topics: Consumer behaviour, Perception, Research, Sensory science, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daeha Kim; Hyung Il Eum; Jagath J. Kaluarachchi; Jong Ahn Chun
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Reservoirs have played a vital role in sustaining agricultural production and human livelihood with changing environments and demands. While expanding the storage capacity of a reservoir is deemed a robust structural adaptation that improves water allocation, few studies have discussed the sensitivity of this approach to climatic stresses. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of building and upsizing reservoirs on addressing water scarcity under climate change in a simple reservoir...
Topics: Drying climate, Managing storage capacity, Performance loss, Performance sensitivity to climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Francesco Marra; Davide Zoccatelli; Moshe Armon; Efrat Morin
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This paper presents a Simplified Metastatistical Extreme Value formulation (SMEV) able to model hydro-meteorological extremes emerging from multiple underlying processes. The formulation explicitly includes the average intensity and probability of occurrence of the processes allowing to parsimoniously model changes in these quantities to quantify changes in the probability of occurrence of extremes. SMEV allows (a) frequency analyses of extremes emerging from multiple underlying processes and...
Topics: Daily precipitation, Extreme value analysis, Metastatistical extreme value, Nonstationary processes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by D. Pasquali; M. F. Bruno; D. Celli; L. Damiani; M. Di Risio
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Human presence, coastal erosion, and tourism activities are increasing the attention to coastal flooding risk. To perform risk assessments, long time series of observed or hindcast wave parameters and tide levels are then necessary. In some cases, only a few years of observation are available, so that observed extreme data are not always representative and reliable. A hindcast system aimed to reconstruct long time series of total tide levels may be of great help to perform robust extreme events...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal flooding risk, Physics-based model, ROMS, Sea level hindcast, Storm surge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Duncan Ray; Michal Petr; Martin Mullett; Stephen Bathgate; Maurizio Marchi; Kate Beauchamp
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The future provision of forest goods and ecosystem services is dependent, among other factors, on climate change impacts, forest management, and response to forest policies. To assess policy implementation targets for Scotland's National Forest Estate under climate change, we simulated forest growth through the 21st century - with and without the abiotic impacts of climate change, and with and without the biotic impacts of an important fungal disease. Eight different forest management...
Topics: Abiotic impacts, Biotic impacts, Climate change, Ecosystem goods and services, Forest management...
Inbound logistics is a vital step in warehouse receiving processes and has a direct impact on supply chain cost and performance. As a result of an inefficient check-in operation, the incoming trucks may experience inordinate wait times between arrival and check-in, which in turn leads to unnecessary cost to the company in the form of detention fees (a penalty for holding the truck and driver beyond the agreed upon time) and delayed delivery of subsequent consignments. Moreover, prolonged idling...
Topics: Environmental pollution, Traffic congestion, Truck check-in, Warehousing receiving process
The need to adapt human resource demands to the renewable capacities of ecosystems is widely acknowledged and has been transposed into multiple international and national commitments and strategies. This need is intensified by the contemporary öfull world’ and increasing human numbers, urbanisation and climate change. However, resource exploitation models, markets and legacy regulations still tend to perpetuate an öempty world’ model, separating societal demands from environmental...
Topics: Banas, Catchment, Community-based, Rajasthan, Socio-ecological systems, Water management
Due to the depletion of traditional resources and the deterioration of environmental quality, Dalian has always encouraged the explorations and utilizations of renewable energy sources. The research objective of this study is to develop a multi-objective stochastic chance constrained programming (MOSCCP) model for assisting local government to design and execute rational energy exploration and management strategies. The main advantage of this model is that it effectively broadens the decision...
Topics: Climate change, Dalian, Multi-objective programming, Renewable energy structure, Stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. A.Parvez Mahmud; Nazmul Huda; Shahjadi Hisan Farjana; Candace Lang
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Hydropower is the widely used source of clean energy which includes some hazardous emissions that affect human health, ecosystems, and resources. However, in spite of an enormous amount of hydropower generation in Europe, no research has been carried out in evaluating the hazardous emissions from the plants located in alpine and non-alpine areas. Therefore, this paper will analyse the comparative environmental impacts of hydropower plants in alpine and non-alpine areas of Europe by a systematic...
Topics: Alpine and non-alpine regions, Environmental performance evaluation, Hydropower plant, Life-cycle...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Younho Song; Eun Jin Cho; Chan Song Park; Chi Hoon Oh; Bok Jae Park; Hyeun Jong Bae
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Climate change due to global warming has led to the expansion of deciduous forests. Increased product yields from hardwood provide an opportunity for the exploitation of biomass resources, such as bioethanol. In this study, the enzymatic hydrolysis of various hardwoods pretreated using the hydrogen peroxide–acetic acid (HPAC) method was evaluated. Glucose and xylose were fermented sequentially to improve the bioethanol production from hardwood. The HPAC pretreatment significantly reduced...
Topics: Bioethanol, HPAC pretreatment, Hardwood, SHF, SSF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Changwon Park; Yoojin Jeong; Seung Jick Yoo
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Integrated energy supply (IES) produces both heat and electricity simultaneously, improving energy efficiency and reducing air pollutants. As of the end of 2016 in Korea, 16.1% of households received district heating service as the government pushed to expand the integrated energy supply. Since large-scale facilities are installed according to local demand for heat, IES—compared to individual heating systems—can increase the consumer benefit by reducing the annual cost of heating through...
Topics: Compensated variation, District heating in Korea, Heat demand function
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Smart meters are a crucial infrastructural feature of a modernizing grid. Smart meters enable dynamic rate structures, a wide range of smart home technologies, energy use feedback, and greater use of distributed renewable energy. Yet, ratepayers are often unfamiliar with smart meters and their benefits, have ambivalent or negative attitudes toward them, and may outright oppose their use. Past research has identified numerous factors that influence acceptance and engagement. However, these...
Topics: Climate change, Energy conservation, Social acceptance
Hydrates of HCl, HNO3 and H2SO4 involved in polar stratospheric clouds capture the attention of researchers due to the mixtures composed with them. The molecular aggregates generated with these strong acids show different behaviors, geometries and nucleation reactions at atmospheric temperatures. Here is presented a systematic ab initio optimization study of monohydrates of HCl•HNO3•H2SO4 using the Density Functional Theory, by means of geometry optimizations carried out with B3LYP hybrid...
Topics: Aerosols, Aromatic compounds reactions, Astrophysics, Atmospheric aggregates, Aug-cc-pVTZ, B3LYP,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Li Huang; Scott Kelly; Kangjuan Lv; Damien Giurco
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A number of empirical methods have been developed to study China's sectoral carbon emissions (CSCE). Measuring these emissions is important for climate change mitigation. While several articles have reviewed specific methods, few attempts conduct a systematic analysis of all the major research methods. In total 807 papers were published on CSCE research between 1997 and 2017. The primary source of literature for this analysis was taken from the Web of Science database. Based on a bibliometric...
Topic: Modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. C. Ives; A. J. Hickford; D. Adshead; S. Thacker; J. W. Hall; R. J. Nicholls; T. Sway; M. Abu Ayyash; R. Jones; N. O'Regan
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The occupied Palestinian territories of West Bank and Gaza Strip are currently experiencing many challenges in the provision of infrastructure services for their inhabitants. This includes an undersupply of infrastructure services across multiple sectors – an issue exacerbated by population growth, increasing urbanisation, economic growth and climate change. We address this challenge by providing a systems-based assessment of Palestine's infrastructure requirements and identifying broad...
Topics: Decision-making under uncertainty, Infrastructure services, Interdependencies, Long-term...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The deteriorating environmental system and increasing number of time-varying datasets have generated a significant demand for new techniques to support online high-efficiency climate analysis. In response to this demand, this paper introduces an innovative multilayer architecture driven by a tile service in a virtual globe environment. This architecture is supported by the open-source and highly efficient osgEarth virtual globe. In addition, we develop a gSoap-based tile service to address the...
Topics: High-efficiency online analysis, Tile service, Virtual globe
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dominic Royé; María T. Zarrabeitia; Javier Riancho; Ana Santurtún
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The understanding of the role of environment on the pathogenesis of stroke is gaining importance in the context of climate change. This study analyzes the temporal pattern of ischemic stroke (IS) in Madrid, Spain, during a 13-year period (2001–2013), and the relationship between ischemic stroke (admissions and deaths) incidence and environmental factors on a daily scale by using a quasi-Poisson regression model. To assess potential delayed and non-linear effects of air pollutants and Apparent...
Topics: Apparent temperature, Ischemic stroke, Mortality
The rising discourse over concerns on climate change due to non environmental compatibility of traditional industrial processes have fuelled the development of digitized, high performing, ecofriendly technologies which are in tandem with environment. In the context of extraction of essential oil, drawbacks of classical hydrodistillation such as thermal degradation, high energy consumption, time consuming, low yield have made way for more greener approach. The novelty in the proposed work lies...
Topics: Gravity assisted solvent free microwave assisted extraction, Hydrodistillation, Mentha spicata,...
Some integrated assessment studies of climate change have concluded that nuclear energy has a large potential impact on carbon abatement costs. However, these studies have often modeled the cost of nuclear waste management very simply or neglected it entirely. Common difficulties with existing studies include the use of simplistic nuclear waste management cost models and implicitly minimizing costs in the distant future by using discount rates that are arguably inappropriate for...
Topics: Climate change, Integrated assessment, Nuclear energy, Nuclear waste
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charlie Langan; Jenny Farmer; Mike Rivington; Paula Novo; Jo U. Smith
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We present the methodological development of a surveying and accounting tool created in response to a lack of appropriate data for modelling ecosystem services in tropical wetlands in East Africa. The survey provides a practical field methodology for quickly characterising the environmental, vegetation, soil and hydrological properties of a wetland using a nested sample site and sub-plot procedure. The accounting procedure provides simple calculations for combing these survey data with...
Topics: Accounting, Ecosystem services, Model, Peat, Properties, Soil, Tropical wetlands, Vegetation, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As the global predictions and effects of climate change have been emerging in recent years, thermal comfort is a growing concern for the marginalised, remote populations of the world including First Nations peoples. This paper draws on data from a qualitative climate change study with Australian Aboriginal people in the remote semi-arid region of Northwest Queensland and other regional studies to explore ways that yards can enhance thermal performance around conventional housing. Our...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Cross-cultural landscapes, Indigenous housing, Remote Australia, Yards
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Seth Wynes; Simon D. Donner; Steuart Tannason; Noni Nabors
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Lowering the growth in greenhouse gas emissions from air travel may be critical for avoiding dangerous levels of climate change, and yet some individuals perceive frequent air travel to be critical to their professional success. Using a sample of 705 travellers at the University of British Columbia, we investigated the influence of career stage, research productivity, field of expertise, and other variables on academic air travel and the associated emissions. This is the first time that...
Topics: Air travel, Climate change mitigation, Flying, Pro-environmental behaviors, Professional success,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Soil erosion, physical transport of soil over the landscape by alluvial and aeolian processes as source of energy, has a strong impact on the global carbon cycle (GCC). Being a light fraction (bulk density of 0.6–0.8 Mg/m 3 ) and concentrated in vicinity of soil surface, soil organic carbon (SOC) is preferentially removed by water and wind erosion. The process of erosion and the attendant transport of SOC are accelerated by conversion of natural to agroecosystems. Whereas the human-induced...
Topics: 4 per Thousand, Gaseous emissions, Global warming, Soil erosion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. J.Adolfo Tortolero-Langarica; Alma P. Rodríguez-Troncoso; Amílcar L. Cupul-Magaña; Lucy C. Alarcón-Ortega; Jeimy D. Santiago-Valentín
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Ongoing climate change and frequent anomalous thermal events have greatly contributed to the deterioration of coral reefs worldwide, exacerbating declines in coral reef formation and ecosystem service provision. Under this climate change scenario, the development and improvement of restoration techniques will be required to cope with coral reef degradation. This study demonstrates the potential use of direct relocation of coral of opportunity as an effective long-term ecological restoration...
Topics: Branching corals, Carbonate budgets, Coral growth, Coral restoration, Eastern tropical Pacific
International forest governance is being established and implemented and influences national forest policies and strategies and international relationships among countries. International forest-related negotiations, including climate change, desertification, and biodiversity pressure states to respond to environmental and forest issues. States cooperate to achieve the shared goals of forest resource management. Bilateral forest cooperation is one way to implement agreements made by the global...
Topics: Accountability, Agreement, Bilateral cooperation, Reciprocity, Regime
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aleksander Banasik; Argyris Kanellopoulos; Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard; G. D.H. Claassen
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Due to the increasing awareness of climate change, depletion of natural resources, and increasing world population, companies in the agri-food sector need to redesign their existing supply chains and take into account both the economic and environmental impact of their operations. In practice not all the required information is available in advance due to various sources of uncertainty in agri-food supply chains. In this research a multi-objective two-stage stochastic programming model is...
Topics: Green supply chain management, Multi objective programming, Scenario based two-stage stochastic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mitchell Donovan; Patrick Belmont; Bastiaan Notebaert; Tyrel Coombs; Phillip Larson; Michael Souffront
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Increased availability and resolution of remotely-sensed (RS) imagery of Earth's surface has greatly enhanced the precision, spatial extent, and temporal frequency at which we can analyze river channel migration and width changes. Despite a body of research identifying and quantifying sources of uncertainty inherent in such data, no framework has emerged to comprehensively quantify and handle uncertainty. Herein, we summarize and evaluate present best practices, test new approaches to quantify...
In 2016, the World Health Organization declared that ‘Health is one of the most effective markers of any city's successful sustainable development’ (World Health Organisation, 2016). With estimates that around 6.7 billion people will live in cities by 2050, 21 st century city planning decisions will play a critical role in achieving the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They will determine the city structure and access to health-enhancing (or health-damaging) urban...
Topics: Climate change, Global health, Health Policy, Health policy, Health status indicators, Healthy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Madlles Queiroz Martins; Adésio Ferreira; Carolina de Oliveira Bernardes; Ana Isabel Ribeiro-Barros; José Cochicho Ramalho
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Climate change prospections indicate large fluctuations in terrestrial temperature, what may change the zoning of coffee cultivation. This is particularly true for Coffea canephora (conilon or robusta coffee) to which some suitable areas may become inappropriate. Thus, conilon cultivation at high altitudes may be an option to establish C. canephora, mitigating the possible effects of productive areas loss. In this context, the aim of this work was to evaluate the productivity, adaptability and...
Topics: Breeding, Cultivar, Low temperature, Productivity
Climate change has become one of the most discussed topics in recent decades. Indices show climate alterations have occurred in Khartoum, Sudan, resulting in uncomfortable and challenging-to-manage indoor conditions. In this study, Khartoum's climate data from 1981 to 2015 was analyzed and compared to identify trends in temperature, precipitation, and sand-dust storm intensification. Metronome Company created Khartoum's hourly weather file from averages of basic climate parameters available for...
Topics: Climate change, Design strategies, Khartoum region climate data, Thermal comfort
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maya Negev; Na'ama Teschner; Anat Rosenthal; Hagai Levine; Clara Lew-Levy; Nadav Davidovitch
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Health systems worldwide need to be adapted to cope with growing numbers of migrants and to climate-exacerbated morbidity. Heatwaves, water stress, desertification, flooding, and sea level rise are environmental stressors that increase morbidity, mortality, and poor mental health in Sub-Saharan Africa. While most migration is intra-African, climate change is also affecting migration patterns outside the continent. To tackle the health challenges induced by these events, such as infectious...