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The decarbonization of industrial energy consumption is critical for global climate change mitigation, and this process can bring multiple challenges, especially for regions at the early stage of industrialization. To explore the possible transitions of industry sector under 2-degree target, this paper applied a 14-region energy system model (Global TIMES) to analyze the transition pathways of industry sector. The socio-economic uncertainty was considered by introducing Shared Socio-economic...
Topics: 2-degree target, Carbon mitigation, Global TIMES model, Industry sector, Shared Socio-economic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Agricultural and forest insect pests generate important yield losses worldwide. Global-change is expected to increase pest outbreaks and their impact on human-managed ecosystems. Pest control performed by natural enemies is also likely to be influenced by global-change. Yet, pests and their natural enemies are part of complex food-webs and interact with other species, notably at upper trophic levels (e.g. hyperparasitoids, predators). These interactions have to be considered as important facets...
Topics: Parasitoid, Pest-control
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This study analyzes inter- and intra-zonal seasonal variability of surface urban heat islands (SUHIs) within the methodological framework of local climate zones (LCZs) in three central European cities (Prague, Brno and Novi Sad). These cities differ in urban area and structure as well as in topography and hinterland land-cover features. LCZs were delineated on the basis of a GIS-based classification method. Land surface temperature (LST) was derived from LANDSAT-8 scenes in the period...
Topics: Central Europe, LANDSAT-8, Local climate zones, Seasonality, Statistical analysis, Surface urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Mathis; A. Elizalde; U. Mikolajewicz
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Downscaling simulations for emission scenario RCP8.5 with a regionally coupled ocean-atmosphere climate system model indicate a regime shift in the dynamics of Atlantic nutrient supply to the Northwest European Shelf. Reduced winter convection in the Northeast Atlantic leads to a substantial decrease in upper ocean nutrient concentrations. Yet, vertical mixing processes at the shelf break maintain a connection to nutrient-enriched subpycnocline water masses and decouple the nutrient supply to...
Topics: Climate change, Dynamical downscaling, North Sea, Northwest European Shelf, Ocean-atmosphere...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change has become a global phenomenon due to its threat to sustainable development. However, economic development plays a complementary role in both climate change and sustainability. Thus, the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis is critical to climate change policy formulation and development strategies. Accordingly, this study examined the validity of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis by investigating the relationship between economic growth, energy consumption, financial...
Topics: Dependency, Ecological footprint, Economic growth, Energy consumption, Heterogeneity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pratima Bhurtun; Cédric Halkett; Jean Paul Cornard; Gabriel Billon
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The aim of this paper is to better understand the functioning of the River Selle (northern France) during dry weather and storm events, to assess the impact of a town on the surface water quality and to suggest qualitative assumptions on the vulnerability of water quality to weather conditions. Two high-frequency monitoring stations covering the Cateau-Cambrésis town were deployed during 4 months in 2016. River flow, water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, conductivity, total...
Topics: High frequency monitoring, Hysteresis, Nutrient, Principal component analysis, River
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. P. Rodríguez-Troncoso; F. A. Rodríguez-Zaragoza; A. B. Mayfield; A. L. Cupul-Magaña
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The recruitment of marine invertebrate larvae to coral reef ecosystems is critical for the continued productivity of these highly biodiverse habitats. Despite such importance, little is known about temporal variation patterns of invertebrate larval recruitment in coral reefs ecosystems, aside from studies focused only on reef corals themselves. Given this knowledge deficiency, recruitment onto dead coral branches was monitored over a one-year period in the Central Mexican Pacific, and recruit...
Topics: Coral reef, Eastern Tropical Pacific, Invertebrate richness, Recruitment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Orestis Stavrakidis-Zachou; Nikos Papandroulakis; Konstadia Lika
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The framework provided by the Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory allows the quantification of metabolic processes and the associated biological rates that are of interest for aquaculture, such as growth and feeding. The DEB parameters were estimated for farmed European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), a species of major importance for the Mediterranean aquaculture, using zero- and uni-variate literature data and achieving an overall good fit. The obtained parameter set was used to validate the...
Topics: Dicentrarchus labrax, European sea bass, Inter-individual variability, Interval estimates
The discipline of coastal climate adaptation in Australia has been increasingly practiced as communities become more aware of the likely future impacts of sea level rise. As a result, a number of coastal adaptation plans, strategies and guidelines and have been developed for coastal urban communities around the Australian coastline over the last decade. Given that a number of plans have been developed for different communities facing the same issues, it is timely to compare and contrast these...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal erosion, Planned retreat, Sea level rise
The Tibetan plateau is a cold environment at high altitude and is very sensitive to global climate change. Wetlands on this plateau are among the major sources of the important greenhouse gas methane, and temperature is an important factor in controlling CH 4 production. However, it remains unknown how CH 4 production and microbial processes in such wetlands respond to climate warming. Therefore, we anaerobically incubated soil slurries at 10, 20, 30 and 45 °C for 100 days to investigate the...
Topics: Alkaline soil, Methanogen, Temperature, Tibetan plateau, mcrA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Raúl Ochoa-Hueso; Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo; Paul Tuan An King; Merryn Benham; Valentina Arca; Sally A. Power
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Litter decomposition is fundamental for nutrient and carbon (C) cycling, playing a major role in regulating the Earth's climate system. Climate change and fertilization are expected to largely shift litter decomposition rates in terrestrial ecosystems, however, studies contextualizing the relative importance of these major global change drivers versus other key decomposition drivers such as substrate quality and ecosystem type are lacking. Herein, we used two independent field experiments in an...
Topics: Climate change, Decomposition, Eutrophication, Land use change, Litter quality, Soil microbial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Francesco Lagona
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A hidden Markov model is proposed for segmenting cylindrical time series according to a finite number of latent classes, associated with copula-based cylindrical densities. It provides a parsimonious and computationally tractable approach that integrates circular–linear correlation, multimodality and temporal auto-correlation.
Topics: Copula, Cylindrical data, Hidden Markov model, Weibull, Wrapped Cauchy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by María Laura Bernaschini; Eduardo Trumper; Graciela Valladares; Adriana Salvo
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In fragmented forests the edges experience changes in microclimatic conditions, which are referred to as “abiotic edge effect”, and differ according to geographical orientation and season. These microclimatic changes could influence the development rate of the organisms (particularly for movement - restricted ones like leaf miner larvae and their parasitoids)and, consequently, their population dynamics. The aim of this study was to compare the abiotic edge effect in differently oriented...
Topics: Degree-day, Development speed, Edge effect, Geographical orientation, Microclimatic conditions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Timothy W. Hilton; Michael E. Loik; J. Elliott Campbell
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Anthropogenic climate change will alter regional hydrologic cycles around the world, in part by increasing the frequency or duration of droughts in some areas. The International Drought Experiment (IDE) is investigating the impact of severe drought on terrestrial vegetation by experimentally reducing precipitation at dozens of sites. Here we implement the IDE precipitation reduction protocol using the Community Land Model (CLM). Though many model results suggest that carbon fertilization will...
Topics: Community Land Model, Drought, GPP, IDE, International Drought Experiment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hamish Clarke; Bruce Tran; Matthias M. Boer; Owen Price; Belinda Kenny; Ross Bradstock
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Despite the importance of prescribed burning in contemporary fire management, there is little understanding of how climate change will influence the weather conditions under which it is deployed. We provide quantitative estimates of potential changes in the number of prescribed burning days in coastal NSW in south-eastern Australia, a fire-prone area dominated by dry sclerophyll forests. Burning days are calculated from an objectively designed regional climate model ensemble using three...
Topics: Burn window, Fire weather, Global warming, Hazard reduction, Prescribed fire
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The reference evapotranspiration (ET 0 ) has decreased over most of China under climate change over the past few decades, especially before the 1990s, which significantly affects the agricultural water requirements. In this study, the recent tendency of ET 0 over China was determined and the issues of what causes this tendency and how this tendency would affect agricultural water demand were discussed. First, we evaluate ET 0 (consisting of the aerodynamic term ET 0_a and the radiative term ET...
Topics: Climate change, Reference evapotranspiration, Sensitivity analysis, Spatiotemporal characteristics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jia Yang; Wei Ren; Ying Ouyang; Gary Feng; Bo Tao; Joshua J. Granger; Krishna P. Poudel
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Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley (LMAV) is the largest floodplain and one of the most productive agricultural regions in the United States. Irrigation is widely used in this region to improve crop production and resource use efficiency due to a mismatch between crop water requirements and precipitation timing and quantity during the growing season. In the recent decades, aquifer decline caused by groundwater withdrawals for irrigation has been recognized as a critical environmental issue...
Topics: Agricultural water management, Aquifer decline, Climate change, Groundwater withdrawal
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brian Tarroja; Kate Forrest; Felicia Chiang; Amir AghaKouchak; Scott Samuelsen
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This study investigates how hydropower generation under climate change affects the ability of the electric grid to integrate high wind and solar capacities. Using California as an example, water reservoir releases are modeled as a function of hydrologic conditions in the context of a highly-renewable electric grid in the year 2050. The system is perturbed using different climate models under the Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5 climate scenario. The findings reveal that climate change...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing demand for energy, an evolving electricity-generation mix, and water demand from competing sectors have important implications for water budgets and energy planning. To evaluate the water-related impacts of energy-related decisions, we built a national energy–water nexus scenario analysis assessment framework by extending input–output analysis (IOA) to future energy mix scenarios of China. The scenarios for China out to 2050 include four low-carbon-development scenarios that are...
Topics: Climate change, Ecological network analysis, Low-carbon development, Nexus, Scenario analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christophe Jaeger; Pierre Foucard; Aurélien Tocqueville; Sarah Nahon; Joël Aubin
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An aquaponics system (AS) is an integrated system that combines a recirculating aquaculture system and a hydroponics system (HS). It is designed to recover nutrients released from fish and transfer them to plants to provide a system more environmentally-friendly than the two systems working separately. As a result, several AS are under development, but little information is available about their overall performances. The aim of this study was to assess nutrient-use efficiency and environmental...
Topics: Climate change, Eutrophication, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
In this era of global climate change, ocean acidification is becoming a serious threat to the marine ecosystem. Despite this, it remains almost unknown how fish will respond to the co-occurrence of ocean acidification with other conventional environmental perturbations typically salinity fluctuation and high ammonia threat. Therefore, the present work evaluated the interactive effects of elevated pCO 2 , salinity reduction and high environmental ammonia (HEA)on the ecophysiological performance...
Topics: Ammonia excretion rate, Global change, Ion-regulation, Marine teleosts, Osmotic stress, Respiratory...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jenna Wraith; Catherine Pickering
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Thousands of plants are at risk of extinction globally due to human activities, including many species of orchids. In Australia alone there are 184 orchids identified as threatened by the Australian Government, but what threatens them and where are they threatened? Using data derived from listing documents for these orchids, threats were allocated to 28 categories. Then, the distributions of the orchids and hence likely geographic patterns of threats were mapped using 14,651 location records...
Topic: Threatened species
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhenhua Chao; Ning Liu; Peidong Zhang; Tianyu Ying; Kaihui Song
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The rapid development of remote sensing (RS) technology enables an increased usage of high - resolution, spatial, temporal or spectral, data to extract vegetation information, improve model parameters, and estimate energy crop biomass accurately. Five estimation methods developing with RS information for energy crop biomass are summarized in this paper. Firstly, the statistical analysis with vegetation index can be regarded as the commonest method. But it is faulted for the deficiency of sample...
Topics: NPP, SAR, Vegetation index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pedro Salvador; Francisco Molero; Alfonso Javier Fernandez; Aurelio Tobías; Marco Pandolfi; Francisco Javier Gómez-Moreno; Noemí Pérez; Isabel Martínez Marco; María Aránzazu Revuelta; Xavier Querol; Begoña Artíñano
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The occurrence of African dust outbreaks over specific areas of the Mediterranean basin has been associated with increases in the PM 10 concentration levels and also in the mortality rates. Different hypothesis have been proposed in the last years to explain the processes by which African dust storms generates negative health effect over urban areas in southern Europe but are still not clear. Some authors have suggested the existence of an interaction between air pollutants from local sources...
Topics: African dust outbreaks, Health effects, Mixing layer height, PM 10
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amobichukwu C. Amanambu; Lanhai Li; Christiana N. Egbinola; Omon A. Obarein; Christophe Mupenzi; Ditao Chen
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Spatio-temporal variation in rainfall-runoff erosivity resulting from changes in rainfall characteristics due to climate change has implications for soil and water conservation in developing countries. Understanding past and future variations in rainfall-runoff erosivity and its implication, in tropical areas where there are limited continuous daily rainfall records, is important. The present study attempted to (i) quantify the nature of spatiotemporal variability of erosivity from rainfall...
Topics: Climate change, GCMs, Niger-basin, RUSLE, Rainfall-runoff erosivity, Soil erosion
Climate change and human activities are considered to be the main drivers of runoff changes. Assessing their contributions is important for maintaining the integrity of the water cycle process and promoting the healthy management of water resources. But the contributions of these two factors in the Beichuan River Basin remain unclear. In this study, hydrological and meteorological data from six sub-basins (Niuchang, Xiamen, Heilin, Qiaotou, Dongxia, and Chaoyang) during 1961–2013 were studied...
Topics: Beichuan River basin, Climate change, Human activities, Runoff
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tiziana Di Lorenzo; Andrea Castaño-Sánchez; Walter Darío Di Marzio; Patricia García-Doncel; Diana Maria Paola Galassi; Sanda Iepure
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In this study we aimed at assessing: (i) the environmental risk posed by mixtures of caffeine and propranolol to the freshwater ecosystems of Spain; (ii) the sensitivity of freshwater copepod species to the two compounds; (iii) if the toxicity of caffeine and propranolol to freshwater copepods contributes to the environmental risk posed by the two compounds in the freshwater bodies of Spain. The environmental risk was computed as the ratio of MECs (i.e. the measured environmental...
Topics: Crustaceans, ERA, Pharmaceutical and personal care products, Species sensitivity distribution
The urban heat island effect is an important 21st century issue because it intersects with the complex challenges of urban population growth, global climate change, public health and increasing energy demand for cooling. While the effects of urban landscape composition on land surface temperature (LST) are well-studied, less attention has been paid to the spatial arrangement of land cover types especially in smaller, often more diverse cities. Landscape configuration is important because it...
Topics: Ecosystem services, Land surface temperature, Land-sharing and land-sparing, Neutral landscapes,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lucas S. Bair; Charles B. Yackulic; John C. Schmidt; Denielle M. Perry; Christine J. Kirchhoff; Karletta Chief; Benedict J. Colombi
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During the last 50 years, construction of dams in the western United States declined. This is partly because of increasing recognition of diverse and unintended social-ecological consequences of dams. Today, resource managers are recognizing the wide array of tradeoffs and are including a more diverse group of stakeholders in decision making for individual dams. Yet decisions at the regional scale maintain a focus on a limited number of resources and objectives, leading to inefficient and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Michael Gross
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The Arctic warms faster than the global average. This leads to thawing of permafrost soil and the release of carbon it has stored for millennia, threatening to further accelerate climate change. The frozen ground that so far has mainly yielded well-preserved megafauna remains could also unleash dangerous pathogens, such as anthrax. Michael Gross reports.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Catalina A. Vanegas G; Andres F. Osorio; Ligia E. Urrego
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Coastal ecosystems like coral barrier reefs and mangrove forests have been designated as environments in need of protection. This is not only because they are threatened by climate change, but also because of the important role they play in coastal protection. Some field studies based on Rhizophora mangrove trees have analyzed the force induced by water flow over their roots and the wave dissipation capacity of these trees under tidal regimes and sea waves. Various methods have been used to...
Topics: Drag coefficient, Energy flux, Reynolds number, Wave dissipation by vegetation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brian Sergi; Inês Azevedo; Tian Xia; Alex Davis; Jianhua Xu
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Reducing power sector emissions in China is a critical step toward mitigating climate change and lowering health damages from air pollution. We conduct a discrete choice survey (N = 1060) among urban residents from 10 Chinese cities, assessing how individuals compare electricity source, cost, and reduction of emissions related to climate change or air pollution. Using observed air quality data, we also evaluate how pollution levels affect respondents’ support for different types of emissions...
Topics: Air pollution, China, Climate change, Discrete choice analysis, Public perceptions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Athanasios Alexandru Gavrilidis; Mihai Răzvan Niță; Diana Andreea Onose; Denisa Lavinia Badiu; Irina Iulia Năstase
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Urban sprawl is a significant challenge in urban areas and its negative influence on the quality of living confronts the scientific community, authorities, and stakeholders in identifying solutions to mitigate or minimize this trend. Vacant lands are common in the urban landscape, particularly in sprawling cities. In this paper, we hypothesized that by increasing the attractivity of urban vacant land through urban green space development, residential development will intensify within the city...
Topics: Analytical hierarchy process, Romania, Spatial analysis, Urban functional zones, Urban green...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Enliang Guo; Jiquan Zhang; Yongfang Wang; Lai Quan; Rongju Zhang; Feng Zhang; Mo Zhou
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With the acceleration of global warming, the frequent occurrence of extreme climate events has inflicted great socio-economies losses and casualties; therefore, it is particularly important to explore the characteristics of extreme climate events. Nine extreme climate indices defined by the World Meteorological Organization's Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) were constructed from a long term (1960–2014) continuous dataset of 70 meteorological stations in Northeast...
Topics: Extreme climate indices, Joint return periods, Non-linear tendency, Periodic oscillation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. J. Pérez; J. Hurtado-Patiño; H. M. Herrera; A. F. Carvajal; M. L. Pérez; E. Gonzalez-Rojas; J. Pérez-García
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The groundwater footprint (GF) is an innovative concept that is used to evaluate groundwater sustainability, and it can be defined as the area required to sustain groundwater use and groundwater-dependent ecosystem services in a region. In this study, we evaluated water scarcity on a sub-regional scale using a water stress indicator defined as the ratio of groundwater footprint to aquifer area GF/A that indicates the sustainability of the aquifers. The higher the stress indicator is, the less...
Topics: Door-to-door interviews, Groundwater footprint, Semi-distributed hydrological model, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by T. Carpenter-Kling; J. M. Handley; M. Connan; R. J.M. Crawford; A. B. Makhado; B. M. Dyer; W. Froneman; T. Lamont; A. C. Wolfaardt; M. Landman; M. Sigqala; P. A. Pistorius
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Some upper trophic level predators, such as marine mammals, seabirds and large predatory fish have been shown to be useful sentinels for marine ecosystems. Through their demography, diet and foraging behaviour, ecosystem changes associated with climate change can be monitored. The local marine ecosystem at the Prince Edward Archipelago in the Southern Indian Ocean is heavily influenced by the position of the dynamic sub-Antarctic front (SAF) that varies inter-annually in terms of its influence...
Topics: Long term diet, Oceanography variability, Pygoscelis papua, Stomach content analysis, Western...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yueming Qu; Naicheng Wu; Björn Guse; Kristė Makarevičiūtė; Xiuming Sun; Nicola Fohrer
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Rivers and related freshwater ecosystems are facing increasing natural disturbance and anthropogenic stressors. Understanding the key ecological processes that govern the riverine biota in aquatic ecosystems under multiple pressures has crucial importance. However, there is still insufficient knowledge in quantifying of stressors interactions. Moreover, the understanding of the responses of riverine phytoplankton to multiple stressors is still scarce from catchment aspect. As an...
Topics: Hydrological regime, Land-use pattern, Physicochemical condition, Phytoplankton functional groups,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Catarina Vinagre; Marta Dias; Rui Cereja; Francisca Abreu-Afonso; Augusto A.V. Flores; Vanessa Mendonça
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The threat of global warming has driven recent efforts of estimating upper thermal limits of ectothermic species all over the world. The investigation of thermal limits is crucial for the understanding of climate change ecology, since it provides insight into how climate will shape future species distributions. This work estimated the Critical Thermal Maxima (CTMax) of 42 coastal species (Gastropoda, Crustacea, Teleostei, Echinodermata and Cnidaria) in a tropical and a temperate area. The...
Topics: CTMax, Global warming, Reference values, Thermal safety margins, Thermal tolerance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rasoul Yousefpour; Bin You; Marc Hanewinkel
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This study aims to project changes in soil carbon stocks under different frequencies of storm and climate change scenarios. We calibrated and validated the dynamic process-based soil carbon model “Yasso07” for a wind-throw prone forest area of 1.4 M ha in the State of Baden Württemberg in central Europe, Germany. We fitted climate-biomass models using retrospective climate data and biomass measurements from three consecutive national forest inventories for six forest growth regions. Three...
Topics: Carbon forestry, Forest soil carbon modelling, Retention forestry, Wind forest interaction, Wind...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Changes in the timing, magnitude, frequency, and duration of extreme hydrologic events are becoming apparent and could disrupt species assemblages and stream ecosystems across the Northeastern United States. Between August 28 and 29 of 2011, an average of 31 cm of rain from Tropical Storm Irene fell across Eastern New York State in less than 24 h and caused historic flooding in numerous streams of the Catskill Mountain Region. Peak discharges exceeded the 0.01 annual exceedance probability...
Topics: Bioassessment, Climate change, Hydrology, Macroinvertebrates, Streams
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Vikram S. Negi; Ravi Pathak; Ranbeer S. Rawal; Indra D. Bhatt; Subrat Sharma
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The Himalaya, as provider of range of goods and ecosystem services, is vital for sustaining the life of billions of people. Recognition as one of the Global biodiversity hotspot implies its global significance. The forest ecosystems and plant biodiversity in the region is predicted to respond to the rapid warming and the human induced perturbations. However, documentation of these responses and likely consequences is meagre so as to provide a basis for future comparison. Realizing the...
Topics: Biodiversity, Climate change, Criteria & indicator, Ecosystem, Forest, Indian Himalayan Region,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. B. Asumadu-Sakyi; A. G. Barnett; P. Thai; E. R. Jayaratne; W. Miller; M. H. Thompson; R. Roghani; L. Morawska
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The study aimed to identify diurnal indoor temperature patterns and quantify the impact of outdoor on indoor temperature as well as of other modifying factors. Indoor and outdoor temperatures of 77 houses in Brisbane, Australia were monitored with temperature sensors for one year (May 2017–2018). A linear mixed effect model predicted that on average, a 1 °C increase in outdoor temperature resulted in a 0.41 °C increase in indoor temperature during both the cool and warm seasons. The age of...
Topics: Indoor temperature, Linear mixed effect model, Outdoor temperature, Residential houses, Temperature...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jose Rafael Guarin; Belay Kassie; Alsayed M. Mashaheet; Kent Burkey; Senthold Asseng
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Elevated tropospheric ozone (O 3 ) concentrations can negatively impact wheat growth by reducing photosynthesis and accelerating leaf senescence. Future global O 3 concentrations are expected to increase in many regions, which will further limit global wheat production. However, few crop models consider the effects of O 3 stress on wheat. We incorporated the effects of O 3 stress on photosynthesis and leaf senescence into the DSSAT-NWheat crop model and reproduced an observed experiment and...
Topics: Crop model, Elevated CO 2, Food security, Ozone, Water stress, Wheat yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xi Chen; Saif Benjaafar; Adel Elomri
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In recent years, the emission of harmful pollutants, such as greenhouse gases, due to industrial activities have received considerable interest from both business and scientific communities. As a result, an increasing number of voluntary and governmental initiatives that penalize emission generated by businesses have been witnessed. In this research, we examine the extent to which imposing penalties on the emission of harmful pollutants can successfully reduce overall emissions in decentralized...
Topics: Emission penalties, Environmental policy, Inventory, OR in environment and climate change, Supply...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding the carbon implications of information and communication technology (ICT) is critical for tackling climate change challenges in the digital era. This paper develops an embodied carbon analysis framework by integrating input-output approaches to explore the extent to which and how ICT drives carbon emissions at the sector level. With the proposed framework, we not only assess the carbon emissions embodied in various ICT subsectors but also reveal the formation and changing...
Topics: Embodied carbon emissions, Information and communication technology, Input-output analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Mass adoption of the plug-in electric vehicle (EV) technology is imperative for the rapid electrification of the transportation sector to mitigate catastrophic effects from climate change. Rapid integration of a large number of EVs will inevitably cause uncertainty and variability on the operation of the existing electric power system. There is high uncertainty on not only the speed and scale of EV adoption but also the EV energy and power requirements that depends on EV charging patterns. This...
Topics: Electric vehicle (EV) charging, Energy loads, Time-of-use (TOU)
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In an era where achieving both economic growth and environmental sustainability is paramount, the role of technology diffusion remains an important one. Recent literature explores the link between geographical proximity and the adoption and diffusion of climate change adaptation policies. However, it has generally focused on a restricted set of developed countries and focused on the diffusion of policy instrument rather than the outcome of the policies. In this paper, we argue that domestic...
Topics: Policy adoption, Renewable energy, Technology diffusion, Trade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stephen Zhao; Alan Alexandroff
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Reductions in coal use necessary to meet the objective of keeping global temperature increase well under 2.0 °C faces serious political economic hurdles. To transition from coal, existing use must be eliminated and new growth in coal consumption must be stymied. Efforts to reduce existing consumption in a speedy manner faces challenges in domestically oriented markets where coal industry coalitions resist anti-coal policy and pursue industry protection. In addition, we identify a serious...
Topics: Climate change, Coal, Emissions reduction, Mitigation, National policy, Paris agreement
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by K. Arning; J. Offermann-van Heek; A. Linzenich; A. Kaetelhoen; A. Sternberg; A. Bardow; M. Ziefle
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Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Carbon Capture and Utilization (CCU) are two CO 2 -based technologies aiming at mitigating climate change by capturing and either permanently storing CO 2 (CCS) or using it as a feedstock (CCU) for commercial products, e.g., chemicals, fuels, or plastic products. Whereas the implementation of CCS has attracted considerable public opposition in Europe and the US, the CCU-technology is still in an early development stage. This research takes a social science...
Topics: Carbon capture and storage (CCS), Carbon capture and utilization (CCU), Public acceptance, Public...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Suruchi Bhadwal; Ghanashyam Sharma; Ganesh Gorti; Sudeshna Maya Sen
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The Hindukush Himalayan region encompasses a large area covering many countries in the North, South and Central parts of Asia. People living in these mountains face huge complexities arising from a number of factors including terrain characteristics, micro-climates, environmental degradation, access to basic services etc. These complexities vary as one moves geographically from one region to the other. The State of Sikkim in the North Eastern part of India also observes similar challenges....
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Background: Few studies have examined temperature's effect on adverse birth outcomes and relevant effect modifiers. Objectives: We investigated associations between heat and adverse birth outcomes and how individual and community characteristics affect these associations for Seoul, Korea, 2004–2012. Methods: We applied logistic regression to estimate associations between heat index during pregnancy, 4 weeks before delivery, and 1 week before delivery and risk of preterm birth and term low...
Topics: Adverse birth outcomes, Disparities, Effect modifiers, Heat exposure
There is increasing concern that climate change may make organisms more sensitive to chemical pollution. Many pesticides are indeed more toxic at higher mean temperatures. Yet, we know next to nothing about the effect of another key component of climate change, the increase of daily temperature fluctuations (DTFs), on pesticide toxicity. Therefore, we tested the effect of the pesticide chlorpyrifos under different levels of DTF (constant = 0 °C, low = 5 °C (current maximum level) and high =...
Topics: Ecological risk assessment, Global climate change, Multiple stressors, Organophosphate pesticide,...
Situate within new institutionalism literature, this paper builds a complex system model of institutional analysis for adaptive governance. This model combines Young's institutional environmental analysis method (2005), elements of subsequent environmental governance projects models, and ideas of multiple institutional levels and drivers. By applying the model, policy instruments are identified that build agricultural producer livelihoods improving their adaptive capacity to respond to climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eranga K. Galappaththi; James D. Ford; Elena M. Bennett
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There is a rapidly growing body of scholarship on climate change adaptation in diverse contexts globally. Despite this, climate adaptation at the community level has not received adequate conceptual attention, and a limited number of analytical frameworks are available for assessing place-specific adaptations, particularly in a fisheries context. We use conceptual material from social-ecological systems (SES) resilience and human development resilience to build an integrated framework for...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Conceptual framework, Development, Fisheries, Place-based elements,...
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Since the 1990s, advocates of policy to prevent catastrophic climate change have been divided over the appropriate economic instruments to curb CO 2 emissions—carbon taxes or schemes of emission trading. Barack Obama claimed that policies implemented during his presidency set in motion irreversible trends toward a clean-energy economy, with the years 2008–2015 given as evidence of decoupling between CO 2 emissions and economic growth. This is despite California being the only state in the...
Topics: California, Cap-and-trade, Carbon emissions trading, Decoupling, Economic growth, USA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiao Yan Gu; Piao Yi Wang; Takeshi Kuritani; Eero Hanski; Qin Yan Wang
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Large igneous provinces (LIPs) are generally considered to be related to mantle plumes and to have a great importance to the supercontinent break-up events, climate change and biological evolution over Earth's history. The high melt production rates of LIPs can be achieved under rigorous melting conditions: an abnormally high temperature, substantial decompression, addition of fusible components, or remarkable enrichment in water. Although it has been repeatedly noticed that water enrichment...
Topics: Hainan basalts, clinopyroxene phenocrysts, large igneous provinces, the Hainan plume, the...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Kathleen M. Ernst; Åsa Gerger Swartling; Karin André; Benjamin L. Preston; Richard J.T. Klein
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Climate change adaptation efforts continue to increase as the impacts of climate change increase, intensify, and become more apparent. However, many adaptation efforts fail to result in adaptation actions. This inaction has been linked to several constraining factors including a lack of actionable information for adaptation decision-making processes. We wonder if climate service producers face constraints as they try to create and deliver actionable information for adaptation decision-making...
Topic: Stakeholder engagement
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The industry dynamic creates a difficult problem that must be solved if we are to address climate change. How can we lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while simultaneously increasing production? This paper develops a new inverse data envelopment analysis (DEA) model for optimizing GHG emissions. The inverse DEA model minimizes the overall GHG emissions generated by a set of decision making units (DMUs) for producing a certain level of outputs, given that the DMUs maintain at least their...
Topics: Data envelopment analysis, Greenhouse gas emissions, Inverse DEA, Oil and gas, Undesirable outputs
Throughout the western United States, researchers have started documenting a trend toward earlier runoff, lower in-stream flows, and warmer-than-average water temperatures. These ‘drought-like’ stream conditions often lead to negative ecological, economic, and social consequences. To gain a deeper understanding of these emerging impacts, we focused our investigation on the Yellowstone River, which experienced a major drought event in 2016. This drought lead to an outbreak of Proliferative...
Topics: Climate change, Fishing industry, Proliferative kidney disease, Qualitative analysis, Recreational...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Katrina Brown; W. Neil Adger; Joshua E. Cinner
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Publication date: January 2019 Source: Global Environmental Change, Volume 54 Author(s): Katrina Brown, W. Neil Adger, Joshua E. Cinner
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by Alexandra Paige Fischer
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A growing body of research documents how individuals respond to local impacts of global climate change and a range of policy efforts aim to help individuals reduce their exposure and improve their livelihoods despite these stressors. Yet there is still limited understanding of how to determine whether and how adaptation is occurring. Through qualitative analysis of focus group interviews, I evaluated individual behavioral responses to local forest stressors that can arguably be linked to global...
Topics: Adaptation, Behavioral strategies, Climate change, Private forest owners, Temperate forests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Meg Parsons; Johanna Nalau; Karen Fisher; Cilla Brown
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Scholars frequently identify how path dependency serves to constrain the process of climate adaptation and is a key feature of maladaptation. Most studies, however, centre on theoretical, rather than empirical-based discussions of what path dependency is, how it occurs, and what factors assist in breaking path dependency. This paper provides a case study for the creation, maintenance, and attempts to break path dependency within the management of rivers in the Rangitāiki Plains of Aotearoa New...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Flood risk, Indigenous peoples, New Zealand, Path dependency, River...
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Groundwater in Pacific Small Island Developing States is a critical source of freshwater for island ecosystems and human communities. Groundwater systems face challenges from growing populations, climate change and climate variability. Many groundwater systems in the region have been inappropriately managed, with increasing occurrences of groundwater pollution and saltwater intrusion. This limits the availability of freshwater, increases the likelihood of contracting water borne diseases, and...
Topics: Pacific Small Island Developing States, Resilience, Social-ecological systems
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by K. Lippky; S. Hartwig; D. Blass; K. Dilger
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The investigations of this article are showing the bonding performance after aging of hybrid fusion bonds in combination with a laser pre-treatment. The investigated materials are a galvanized steel (HX340 LAD Z100MB) and two glass fiber reinforced Polyamide 6 materials. In order to achieve a structural strength of the fusion bond a laser pre-treatment is used. The investigation is focusing on the changes from the laser pre-treatment to the galvanized surface by analyzing the steel surface with...
Topics: Aging, Hot-melt, Lap-shear, Surface treatment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hong Jin Yang; Chan Gyung Park; Rok Soon Kim; Kyung Suk Cho; Junhyeok Jeon
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Korean chronicles have a large amount of observational records of natural phenomena, including astronomical and meteorological events over two thousand years. Here we examine the correlation of solar activity and climate change from historical sunspot and frost records in the Korean chronicles. There are 42 sunspot records in Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392 CE) and 13 records in Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910 CE). The sunspot records in Goryeo Dynasty show a periodicity in good agreement with the...
Topics: Climate change, Frost, Korean chronicles, Long-period solar activity, Power spectral analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The social cost of carbon (SCC) represents monetary value of the damage caused by carbon dioxide emissions in climate change. It is an important standard for the formulation of climate policy. The uncertainty of carbon social cost is closely related to climate sensitivity, damage parameters, discount rate and so on. Previous studies have mainly focused on the consequences of climate change and the effect of social cost of carbon and welfare under different policies. Its research on the social...
Topics: Carbon cycle model, Discount rate, Uncertainty, social cost of carbon
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Despite the heightened urgency of curbing carbon emissions around the world, the healthcare sector in general, and the pharmaceutical sector in particular have received very little attention from the sustainability community in terms of their contribution to the global carbon footprint. In this paper, we conduct an analysis of the overall contributions and the historical emissions trends of the pharmaceutical sector, as well as an industry-specific comparative analysis of the major...
Topics: Climate change, Emission intensity, Emissions reduction, Greenhouse gas emissions, Paris agreement,...
Several climate change policies, such as emissions trading schemes and carbon taxes, have been implemented in many countries and regions around the world. However, the current Coalition Government in Australia does not prefer such methods and has argued that these policies would substantially increase the electricity price, and weaken the Australian competitiveness and the whole economy. Subsequently, the Government replaced the carbon tax policy in July 2014 with its Emissions Reduction Fund,...
Topics: Renewable electricity generation sectors, Reverse auction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sergio García García; Vicente Rodríguez Montequín; Rocío Luiña Fernández; Francisco Ortega Fernández
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Steel making processes dispose large volumes of waste gases whose potential energy can be transformed into heat and electricity by means of cogeneration. A case study using coke oven and Linz-Donawitz converter gas is presented here. The data is obtained from an existing plant located in Northern Spain. The engines are adapted for its operation with converter gas, and steam is generated in boilers that consume coke gas, converter gas and natural gas in the absence of waste gases. The actual...
Topics: Life Cycle Impact Assessment, Power generation, Steel by-product gases, Steel gas cogeneration...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by G. Pratibha; Arun K. Shanker; Anamika Jha; M. Uday Kumar; K. Srinivasa Rao; K. Sammi Reddy
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Agriculture and associated sectors have a significant impact on environment such as GHG emissions, depletion of mineral and fossil resources. Agriculture contributes 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions of which seed bed preparation has a significant share. It contributes 23–44% of total CO 2 emissions due to fossil fuel consumption and soil organic carbon oxidation. Increasing consciousness on environment and food security has created interest towards low-energy agriculture and reduction...
Topics: Clean environment, Cleaner production, Climate smart implement, Energy use, Global warming...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The transport sector, accountable for a large share of climate change and pollution, is on the verge of changing over the coming decades. To lead it through the best path, carefully designed public transport policies are needed, since they have several important secondary effects on the society and economy. However, their assessment is not straightforward, as the transport sector comprises millions of actors with heterogeneous behavior. This study estimates the impacts of the promotion of...
Topics: ASTRA-EC model, Economy, Employment, Environment, Future scenarios, Pro-environmental transport...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nathalie Barbosa Reis Monteiro; Elaine Aparecida da Silva; José Machado Moita Neto
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In 2015, the United Nation (UN)launched 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)as part of an Agenda to be achieved by 2030. The target is having a global plan of action, aiming at universal peace and social and environmental justice. For this, 169 goals were drawn. The objective of this research is to discuss the congruence between mining activity and the SDG, starting from experiences of the scientific literature and the observation of one mining activity. For this purpose, the Web of Science...
Topics: Crushed stone mining, Environmental impacts, SDG
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Moonmoon Hiloidhari; D. C. Baruah; Moni Kumari; Shilpi Kumari; I. S. Thakur
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Biomass has often been regarded as a promising renewable energy resource to mitigate climate change. However, what will be the impact on global surface temperature if biomass replace fossil fuel remain unclear. This paper, through a case study in Uttar Pradesh, India address this issue by assessing biomass resource potential to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate climate change. Impact of biomass power related GHG emissions on global surface temperature is estimated using the Absolute Global...
Topics: Absolute global temperature change potential, Biomass assessment, Biomass power, Climate change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Maria Carmela Aprile; Damiano Fiorillo
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This paper studies the relationship between environmental concern and household separate waste collection, controlling for social capital, in Italy in the year 1998 when policy makers started to raise awareness of the importance of waste prevention, disposal and recycling. At the time, the public's sensitivity and attitude to waste issues were mainly influenced by their own lifestyles. We consider five separate waste collections, namely paper, plastic, glass, aluminium and food waste, to be...
Topics: Environmental concerns, Environmental issues, Household waste recycling effort, Italy, Social...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shahjadi Hisan Farjana; Nazmul Huda; M. A.Parvez Mahmud; Candace Lang
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Gold and silver are extracted through the gold-silver couple production process or the gold-silver-lead-zinc-copper combined production process. This paper aims to analyse and compare the life-cycle assessment (LCA)of the gold and silver refining processes. Two production routes are considered in this study: gold and silver refining through the gold-silver couple production process and gold and silver refining which are produced from the gold-silver-lead-zinc-copper combined production process....
Topics: Environmental impact, Gold refining, Life cycle assessment, Silver refining
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chunyan Wu; Yongfu Chen; Changhui Peng; Zhaochen Li; Xiaojiang Hong
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Accurate estimations of the aboveground biomass (AGB) of rare and endangered species are particularly important for protecting forest ecosystems and endangered species and for providing useful information to analyze the influence of past and future climate change on forest AGB. We investigated the feasibility of using three developed and two widely used models, including a generalized regression neural network (GRNN), a group method of data handling (GMDH), an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference...
Topics: Female, Forest regeneration, Male, Rare and endangered tree species
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Guillaume Peterson St-Laurent; Shannon Hagerman; Kieran M. Findlater; Robert Kozak
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Effective governance of public forests depends, in part, on public support for changes in forest management, particularly those responding to changes in socio-ecological conditions driven by climate change. Trust in managing authorities and knowledge about forest management have proven influential in shaping public support for policy across different forest managemen contexts. However, little is known about the relationship between public trust and knowledge as it relates to policy support for...
Topics: Policy support, Public trust
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change poses risks to coastal cities due to sea-level rise and changes in storm surge. Using the contingent valuation method and payment card format, this paper seeks to estimate residents of Halifax Regional Municipality's willingness to pay (WTP) for protection from flooding impacts from storm surge. The contribution of this study is the application of this method in a previously unstudied region, to understand individuals' perception of risk and WTP to avoid damage, in order to...
Topics: Climate change: Sea-level rise, Storm surge: Halifax Regional Municipality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhufeng Fang; Rosemary W.H. Carroll; Rina Schumer; Ciaran Harman; Daniel Wilusz; Kenneth H. Williams
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Snowmelt is the principal control on the timing and magnitude of water flow through mountainous watersheds. The effects of precipitation type and quantity on storage and hydrologic connectivity in mountainous systems were explored by combining the observed stable isotope δ 18 O in rain, snow, snowmelt, and streamflow with numerically simulated hydrologic boundary fluxes and inverse techniques applied to transient travel time distributions (TTD) using StorAge Selection (SAS) functions....
Topics: East River, Hydrologic model, Snowmelt, Travel time distributions, Warming climate
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanlai Zhou; Shenglian Guo; Fi John Chang
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Reliable and precise multi-step-ahead flood forecasts are crucial and beneficial to decision makers for mitigating flooding risks. For a river basin undergoing fast urban development, its regional meteorological condition interacts frequently with intensive human activities and climate change, which gives rise to the non-stationary process between rainfall and runoff whose non-stationary features is difficult to be captured by a non-recurrent data-driven model with a static learning mechanism....
Topic: Time series
There are different trend identification methodologies in the literature, but almost all are for monotonic trend searches within a given hydro-meteorological time series partially at equal epochs or holistically over the whole record duration. The most important question is how to identify within the same time series successive trends of different durations and slopes. For this purpose, successive arithmetic average methodology (SAM) is proposed in this paper, first for a set of trends visual...
Topics: Change point, ITA, Partial, SAM slope, Trend, Turkey
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shigang Liu; Yang Liu; Caihong Fu; Luxin Yan; Yi Xu; Rong Wan; Jianchao Li; Yongjun Tian
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Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) are widely distributed in northwestern Pacific, migrating from their spawning ground in subtropical Kuroshio waters south of Japan to feeding grounds in Oyashio waters northeast of Japan. The abundance of Pacific saury is expected to be affected not only by environmental conditions in the fishing grounds of the Oyashio region, but also by recruitment processes influenced by environmental conditions in the Kuroshio region. In this study, we focus on the effects of...
Topics: Climate change, Gradient forest analysis, Northwestern Pacific, Pacific saury, Spawning ground index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yufei Zhao; Wa Gao; Siwei Li; Gareth R. Williams; Abdul Hanif Mahadi; Ding Ma
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Inspired by photosynthesis and its ability to convert CO 2 to hydrocarbons, this Perspective focuses on the recent advances in catalytic small-molecule activation and conversion by photo(electro), photovoltaic, or photothermal catalysts and thermal catalysts. It will consider some industrial-scaled reactions of C-H (CH 4 , benzene), C=O (CO and CO 2 ), and N≡N bonds, as well as other fine chemical syntheses (e.g., C-C/S-S bond coupling), which have been shown to be successfully driven by...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. Stazione; F. M. Norry; P. Sambucetti
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Reproduction is strongly influenced by environmental temperature in insects. At high temperature, mating success could be influenced not only by basal (non-inducible) thermotolerance but also by inducible plastic responses. Here, mating success at high temperature was tested in flies carrying contrasting genotypes of heat resistance in Drosophila melanogaster. The possible heat-hardening effect was tested. Mating success did not differ between heat-resistant and heat-sensitive genotypes when...
Topics: Heat-hardening, Mating success, Phenotypic plasticity, Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing temperatures are expected to significantly affect the physiological performance of ectotherms, particularly in tropical locations. The shape of an organism's thermal reaction norm can provide important information on its capacity to persist under climate change scenarios; however, difficulty lies in choosing a measurable trait that best depicts physiological performance. This study investigated the effects of elevated temperatures on processes related to oxygen uptake and delivery,...
Topics: Acanthochromis polyacanthus, Climate change, Physiological performance, Thermal reaction norm,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianliang Ye; Jiangong Wei; Jinqiang Liang; Jingan Lu; Hailong Lu; Wei Zhang
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Gas hydrates and deep-sea cold seeps are of interest to industry and academia for several reasons, including their implications for offshore geohazards and unconventional resources, and for global climate change and carbon cycling. Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey (GMGS) implemented its fifth gas hydrate drilling expedition in the QiongDongNan Sea Area (QDN-SA) of the northern South China Sea (SCS) from June to September 2018. Multidisciplinary investigations, including Logging While Drilling...
Topics: Authigenic carbonate, Cold seep, Gas chimney, Gas composition, Gas hydrate, South China sea
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by I. Tsikopoulou; M. L. Moraitis; A. Geropoulos; K. N. Papadopoulou; N. Papageorgiou; W. Plaiti; C. J. Smith; I. Karakassis; A. Eleftheriou
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A bathymetric transect in the north coast of Crete first studied in 1989, was revisited 24 years later. Identical sampling design, season, techniques and protocols were followed in both studies in order to minimize bias in the long-term comparisons. This comprehensive macrofaunal dataset (4 stations, 2 sampling seasons, 7 replicates in each study) revealed changes in benthic diversity and community composition between the sampling periods. The recorded changes were higher at the stations...
Topics: Abundance, Benthic communities, Diversity, Ecological status, Long-term changes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Henry Barreras; Elizabeth A. Kelly; Naresh Kumar; Helena M. Solo-Gabriele
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The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between local factors (beach geomorphology and management) and regional factors (infrastructure improvements and temperature changes) against levels of fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) at recreational beaches. Data were evaluated for 17 beaches located in Monroe County, Florida (Florida Keys), USA, including an assessment of sanitary infrastructure improvements using equivalent dwelling unit (EDU) connections. Results show that elevated...
Topics: Climate change, Fecal indicator bacteria, Infrastructure, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bahram Khazaei; Sina Khatami; Seyed Hamed Alemohammad; Lida Rashidi; Changshan Wu; Kaveh Madani; Zahra Kalantari; Georgia Destouni; Amir Aghakouchak
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Lake Urmia—a shallow endemic hypersaline lake in northwest Iran—has undergone a dramatic decline in its water level (WL), by about 8 m, since 1995. The primary cause of the WL decline in Lake Urmia has been debated in the scientific literature, regarding whether it has been predominantly driven by atmospheric climate change or by human activities in the watershed landscape. Using available climate, hydrological, and vegetation data for the period 1981–2015, this study analyzes and aims to...
Topics: Anthropogenic change, Climate change, Lake Urmia, Land-use change, Vegetation, Water resources...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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It has been suggested that climate change is the biggest threat to public health for the 21st Century; increased demand on health services will impact on already overstretched resources and systems will need to be able to respond. However limited attention is given to climate change and sustainability in nursing education; there is no clear guidance on curricula content for nurses or recommendations regarding the skills and competencies that will be required. Literature published in Dutch,...
Topics: Climate change, Education, Nursing, Sustainability
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The potential effects of climate change on the distribution of benthic species commonly used in marine ecological quality assessment were investigated using a spatial modelling approach. In this work, the relevance of the ecological groups that macrofaunal molluscs are assigned according to their sensitivity or tolerance to environmental disturbance was examined under the scope of the RCP 8.5 severe emissions scenario. The effects of climate change were more profound on species that are...
Topics: Benthos, Climate change, Ecological groups, Indicator species, Macrofauna, Species distribution...
Building-Integrated Photovoltaic/Thermal (BIPVT) technology offers multiple advantages; however, these types of installations include materials such as Photovoltaic (PV) cells and metals which considerably influence BIPVT environmental impact. Therefore, there is a need to evaluate BIPVT environmental profile, for instance by means of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). In light of the issues mentioned above, the present article is an LCA study that assesses the environmental performance of a BIPVT...
Topics: Human toxicity, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by K. Lõhmus; K. Rosenvald; I. Ostonen; M. Kukumägi; V. Uri; A. Tullus; J. Aosaar; M. Varik; P. Kupper; R. Torga; M. Maddison; K. Soosaar; undefined Mander; A. Kaasik; A. Sõber
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Processes determining the carbon (C) balance of a forest ecosystem are influenced by a number of climatic and environmental factors. In Northern Europe, a rise in atmospheric humidity and precipitation is predicted. The study aims to ascertain the effect of elevated atmospheric humidity on the components of the C budget and on the C-sequestration capacity of a young birch forest. Biomass production, soil respiration, and other C fluxes were measured in young silver birch (Betula pendula Roth)...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Net primary production, Silver birch forest, Soil respiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christian Heinze; Jan May; Jens Peters; Jochen Ströhle
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The electric power sector contributes to about a quarter of the total CO 2 emissions worldwide. Therefore, in most mitigation scenarios for the climate change the share of low-carbon electricity supply increases from the current share of approximately 30% to more than 80% by 2050. A promising approach is the polygeneration concept for electrical power and chemicals based on integrated gasification combined cycle. It offers the possibility to capture CO 2 in a very efficient pre-combustion...
Topics: Cogeneration, IGCC, Integrated gasification combined cycle, Methanol production, Polygeneration,...
The impact of climate changes on corals living in naturally extreme environments is poorly understood but crucial to longer-term sustainability of coral reefs. Here we report century-long temperature (Sr/Ca and Li/Mg)and calcifying fluid (CF)carbonate chemistry (δ 11 B and B/Ca)records for a long-lived (1919 to 2016)Porites coral from the high thermally variable Kimberley region of northwestern Australia. We investigate how increasing temperatures and ocean acidification are manifested in the...
Topics: Boron isotopes, Calcifying fluid, Carbonate chemistry, Coral calcification
Karenia brevis is a marine dinoflagellate commonly found in the Gulf of Mexico and important both ecologically and economically due to its production of the neurotoxin brevetoxin, which can cause respiratory illness in humans and widespread death of marine animals. K. brevis strains have previously shown to be sensitive to changes in CO 2 , both in terms of growth as well as toxin production. Our study aimed to understand this sensitivity by measuring underlying mechanisms, such as...
Topics: Acidification (RT pH), Carbon concentrating mechanism, Carbon fixation (RT photosynthesis), Climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carlos A. Góis-Marques; Ria L. Mitchell; Lea de Nascimento; José María Fernández-Palacios; José Madeira; Miguel Menezes de Sequeira
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The general dynamic model of oceanic island biogeography (GDM) predicts the immigration, speciation and extinction of terrestrial biota through geological time on oceanic islands. Additionally, the glacial-sensitive model of island biogeography (GSM) also predicts extinction due to eustatic and climate change within islands. However, well-documented and natural pre-Holocene plant extinctions are almost unknown for oceanic islands worldwide. To test these predictions, we have sampled the Early...
Topics: 40 Ar/ 39 Ar geochronology, GDM, GSM, Island refugium, Macaronesia, Madeira Island,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Claudia Doblinger; Kavita Surana; Laura Diaz Anadon
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Accelerating innovation in clean energy technologies is a policy priority for governments around the world aiming to mitigate climate change and to provide affordable energy. Most research has focused on the role of governments financing R&D and steering market demand, but there is a more limited understanding of the role of direct government interactions with startups across all sectors. We propose and evaluate the value-creation mechanisms of network resources from different types of...
Topics: Cleantech, Ecosystems, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Public policy, Startups
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Keabile Tlhalerwa; Mulalu Mulalu
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A bottom-up approach that takes into account solar energy availability and land resource constraints is used to assess the technical potential for concentrating solar power (CSP) in Botswana. The CSP potential is estimated using a detailed geographical information system (GIS) based land exclusion criteria and land use data to determine land suitability in the ten districts of the country. On the basis of the national solar map of satellite-derived direct normal irradiance (DNI) information and...
Topics: Dry-cooled PTC-type CSP technology, Land suitability, Renewable energy mix, Solar energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Leire Bastida; Jed J. Cohen; Andrea Kollmann; Ana Moya; Johannes Reichl
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With the advent of ICT in the energy system, new possibilities to inform and influence residential electricity consumption become available. We explore the potential of ICT-based interventions in households to decrease electricity usage, improve energy efficiency and thus contribute to reducing GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions from this sector. Based on a literature review on the subject, we suggest that ICT can affect some of the main behaviour-influencing factors, and discuss the causal avenues...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Demand response, Electricity, Energy efficiency, ICT, Smart meters