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AnnoCinema Archive
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The film is produced by Hideaki Anno. Only the trailer was directed by Anno. https://twitter.com/annocinema​ https://www.instagram.com/annocinema/​ Me: https://www.youtube.com/chesterlaw2001​ https://instagram.com/chesterlaw Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW3uFqU-reg Uploader: AnnoCinema
Topics: Youtube, video, People & Blogs
AnnoCinema Archive
by AnnoCinema
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https://twitter.com/annocinema​ https://www.instagram.com/annocinema/​ Me: https://www.youtube.com/chesterlaw2001​ https://instagram.com/chesterlaw Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4IZH4FyxMYM Uploader: AnnoCinema
Topics: Youtube, video, People & Blogs
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
by Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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39 2nl
AnnoCinema Archive
by AnnoCinema
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A very rare and unknown Hideaki Anno-directed work: GAMERA1999. A documentary detailing the production of Gamera 3: The Revenge of Iris. This video is the TV commercial promoting it. Unfortunately the actual work is only available on VHS, and I've not been able to find a digital copy thus far. Wikipedia: https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/GAMERA1999 https://twitter.com/annocinema​ https://www.instagram.com/annocinema/​ Me: https://www.youtube.com/chesterlaw2001​...
Topics: Youtube, video, People & Blogs
Folkscanomy Computer: Books on Computers and Programming
by Jason Scott
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This is a compilation of Apple II "Pirate Crack Screens" from several decades of Apple II programs, assembled from hundreds of thousands of screenshots generated automatically by a custom system at the Internet Archive. After "cracking" (de-protecting) Apple II programs, some pirates would modify title screens or add additional ones crediting their achievement, giving shout-outs to other individuals and groups, and listing BBS phone numbers to call for access to more...
Topics: Apple, Pirates, Apple II
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
by Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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Human disturbance and climate change both influence the input quantity of plant litter, significantly affecting soil respiration (R s ). However, what leads to a change of relationship between R s in on-litter input (R s (NL)) and natural litter input (R s (CL)) is not yet fully understood. This study selected a man-made Populus forest in a dune-meadow transitional region to observe R s (NL) and R s (CL), soil temperature and soil moisture at a depth of 0–10 cm, groundwater depth between...
Topics: Arid and semi-arid region, Groundwater, Soil moisture, Soil temperature sensitivity
Age-specific declines in length and weight of Pacific herring occurred in all coastal areas of British Columbia (BC) from approximately 1985 to 2010, followed by a more recent reversal in that trend. Concurrent with declining age-specific size, the number of egg layers deposited on vegetation, as estimated from diver surveys, declined but recently this trend also has reversed. In most areas egg layers declined by half, or more, of pre-decline estimates, from means of about 2–3 layers to about...
Topics: Climate, Egg layers, Fisheries-independent index, Gonosomatic index, Pacific herring, Size-at-age,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Caihong Xu; Jiarong Li; Aijun Ding; Xianmang Xu; Wenxing Wang; Qingzhu Zhang; Haidong Kan; Zhuohui Zhao; Abdelwahid Mellouki
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Bacteria are ubiquitous in the near-surface atmosphere where they constitute an important component of aerosols with the potential to affect climate change, ecosystems, atmospheric process and human health. Limitation in tracking bacterial diversity accurately has thus far prevented the knowledge of airborne bacteria and their pathogenic properties. We performed a comprehensive assessment of bacterial abundance and diverse community in PM 2.5 collected at Mt. Tai, via high-throughput sequencing...
Topics: Air mass origin, Bioaerosol, Diversity, PM
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and human activities are the two most important factors affecting water resource in Yellow River Basin, and Yellow River Basin is the most serious and prominent water shortage area in China. It is of great significance to study the impact of climate change and human activities on hydrology process in mountain areas of for water resources management. In this research, one typical watershed in the third sub region of the Loess Plateau was studied through the adoption of Zhang...
Topics: Climate change, Climatic indicator, Evapotranspiration, LUCC, Loess Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wuhui Duan; Hai Cheng; Ming Tan; Xianglei Li; R. Lawrence Edwards
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The timing and structure of Termination II (T-II) is still debatable as the number of high-quality records is insufficient. This study presents precisely dated stalagmite δ 18 O data between 133.4±0.3 to 126.6±0.3 ka BP (covering most of T-II) from north China, near the northern limit of the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM), an area sensitive to climate change. The onset of the last interglacial is constrained at 129.4±0.3 ka BP, consistent with south Chinese speleothem records, further...
Topics: Termination II, north China, speleothem record, timing and structure
This paper explores some of the challenges involved in designing a monitoring framework for a complex policy initiative designed to support climate change adaptation in a highly varied and dynamic implementation environment. It looks specifically at the UK's Department for International Development (DFID) initiative called Action on Climate Today, a five-year programme that aims to support the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into policy systems in five countries and ten locations in...
Topics: Adaptation, Adoption, Categorical indicators, Complexity, Evaluative indicators, Policy initiative,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zbigniew J. Grabowski; P. Zion Klos; Chad Monfreda
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Urban resilience to climate change scholarship has increasingly focused on increasing its salience for existing decision making processes. At the same time, large inequalities in vulnerability to climate change mirror inequalities in the social power of different urban residents. Existing approaches have improved epistemological pluralism and reflexivity in knowledge systems research, yet remain hotly contested by urban communities. Conceptual gaps have become evident on how knowledge systems...
Topics: Alienation, Climate change, Epistemological pluralism, Experiential pluralism, Knowledge systems,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Abby Lindsay Ostovar
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As the world is increasingly urbanized and climate change presents new uncertainties, urban water supply management needs to be flexible and adaptable. This includes reaching beyond city limits to include water supply and watershed management, as well as working with stakeholders outside the boundaries of the city, across the urban/rural divide. Bringing together diverse stakeholders to collaborate on management strategies entails bringing together multiple knowledge systems that interact,...
Topics: Collaborative governance, IWRM, Knowledge systems, Watershed management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Costas A. Varotsos; Vladimir F. Krapivin; Vladimir Yu Soldatov
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Tropical cyclones are natural meteorological phenomena that are sometimes beneficial and sometimes dangerous. Beneficial because they can carry rain in the dry areas and transfer heat from the tropical regions to the higher latitudes. Dangerous because they can cause many disasters, such as heavy rain, strong winds, heavy shore storm waves and tornadoes. Of course, the extent of these disasters, which are very dangerous to people's life, depends largely on the intensity, size and location of...
Topics: Cyclone forecasting, Franklin, Harvey, Information theory, Irma and Katia tropical cyclones,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Karen Filbee-Dexter; Thomas Wernberg; Stein Fredriksen; Kjell Magnus Norderhaug; Morten Foldager Pedersen
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The Arctic is one of the most rapidly changing places on Earth and it is a sentinel region for understanding the range and magnitude of planetary changes, and their impacts on ecosystems. However, our understanding of arctic coastal ecosystems remains limited, and the impacts of ongoing and future climate change on them are largely unexplored. Kelp forests are the dominant habitat along many rocky Arctic coastlines, providing structure and food for economically and ecologically important...
Topics: Borealization, Climate change, Polar, Sea ice loss, Seaweed
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Himanshu Shekhar; Alexander J. Schmidt; Hans Werner Wehling
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This paper explores wellbeing as a central concept in the larger conceptual framework of human settlement planning that combines ongoing debates related to climate change, sustainability, resilience, earth jurisprudence and builds upon similar recent research. As more and more people are living in larger settlements, there is growing a curiosity as well as need to understand what wellbeing is and how it can be understood from the spatial planning perspective. Prominent contemporary global...
Topics: Happiness, Quality of life, Sustainability, Urban planning, Wellbeing
Water resources across the globe are projected to undergo significant changes as climate and socio-economic conditions change. A policy relevant question thus arises: whether climate change or population change exerts a greater control on future freshwater resources of a region? Understanding the relative importance of these factors in affecting water availability can help guide prioritization of policy level interventions. In this study, we quantify the changes in mean annual per capita water...
Topics: Budyko, Climate change, Population, SSP, Water availability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. Coppola; D. Coffetti; E. Crotti; G. Gazzaniga; T. Pastore
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The concrete industry is the largest consumer of natural resources and the Portland cement, the binder of modern concrete mixtures, is not environmentally friendly. The world's cement production, in fact, contributes to the earth's atmosphere about 5–7% of the total CO 2 emissions, CO 2 being mainly responsible for global warming and climate change. As a consequence, concrete industry in the future has to feed the growing population needs – expected to rise up to ten billion in 2050 - being...
Topics: Sustainability, Sustainability index, Waste management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Raul Munoz Castillo; Kuishuang Feng; Laixiang Sun; Joaquim Guilhoto; Stephan Pfister; Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm; Klaus Hubacek
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Biofuels play a critical role in the Paris Agreement to help achieve climate change mitigation targets. However, a significant increase in production of biofuels might potentially be realized at the expense of overusing natural resources, particularly land and water. Understanding the tradeoffs between the impacts on land and water arises as a critical issue in the development of biofuels. This energy-water-land nexus might be particularly important for Brazil, which currently is the world's...
Topics: Biofuel, Brazil, Land-water nexus, Multi-regional input-output analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Carbon intensity is an important descriptor of and widely used proxy for environmental impacts of products. Products exported from carbon-intensive economies are becoming vulnerable to soft-trade barriers. Producers and customers thus need to know whether production is becoming cleaner. The purpose of this study was to determine the global warming potential of South African apples and pears (pome fruit) for the years 2000, 2010 and 2020, and compare it to that cultivated and packaged in other...
Topics: Global Warming Potential, Pome fruit sector, South Africa
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Boqiang Lin; Muhammad Yousaf Raza
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CO 2 (carbon dioxide) emissions from fossil fuels have turned out one of the most perilous and complex issues driving the climate change debate. The issue of increasing demand for electricity at the same time reducing CO2 emissions has become important worldwide. This study evaluates the CO 2 emissions from the power sector of Pakistan during 1978–2017 using Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index technique and scenario analysis. We estimate LMDI to check the change under prearranged elements....
Topics: CO 2, Clean energy, LMDI, Total energy consumption
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Increasing water demand aggravates water scarcity in water-scarce regions (e.g., India, Pakistan, and China), where uneven precipitation increases the risk of maintaining sustainable eco-economic development. Ignoring precipitation's effects leads to misguided policy recommendations that either deplete or underuse basin water resources. Therefore, this paper highlights the concept of uneven precipitation and uncertain stream inflow based on scenario analysis. Within a river basin, the regional...
Topics: Bi-level multi-stage water allocation process, Scenario analysis, Sustainable development, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jan U.H. Eitel; Andrew J. Maguire; Natalie Boelman; Lee A. Vierling; Kevin L. Griffin; Johanna Jensen; Troy S. Magney; Peter J. Mahoney; Arjan J.H. Meddens; Carlos Silva; Oliver Sonnentag
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Relatively little is known of how the world's largest vegetation transition zone – the Forest Tundra Ecotone (FTE) – is responding to climate change. Newly available, satellite-derived time-series of the photochemical reflectance index (PRI) across North America and Europe could provide new insights into the physiological response of evergreen trees to climate change by tracking changes in foliar pigment pools that have been linked to photosynthetic phenology. However, before implementing...
Topics: Climate change, Forest Tundra Ecotone, MODIS, Northern treeline, PRI, Photoperiod, Photosynthetic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pervin Abohorlu Doğramacı; Saffa Riffat; Guohui Gan; Devrim Aydın
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Energy consumption by human enhanced activities has led to distinctive environmental problems; in particular, climate change and global warming. In hot regions, the main reason for energy consumption comes from the cooling of many buildings. The intensity and duration of the sunshine in hot regions have a direct relation with the usage of cooling systems. The aim of this paper is to study the performance of eucalyptus fibre pads which can be used as a new material for the evaporative cooling...
Topics: Cooling efficiency, Eucalyptus fibres, Evaporative cooling, Wind tunnel
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Arne Kappenberg; Eva Lehndorff; Nadine Pickarski; Thomas Litt; Wulf Amelung
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Fires have accompanied terrestrial life from the beginning, yet with incomplete knowledge about feedback to paleoclimate and vegetation. Here, we have assessed how climate triggered the activity of vegetation fires in a 600,000 years continental record. We recorded benzene polycarboxylic acids as markers for burned organic carbon residues (BC) in sediments of Lake Van (Turkey), one of the oldest lacustrine archives currently available on Earth. Though fire and BC peaks were assumed to occur...
Topics: "600,000-year continental record, Black carbon, Eccentricity, Fire cyclicity, Global climate...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhenyu Hong; Han Zhang; Yanru Zhang; Lingling Xu; Taotao Liu; Hang Xiao; Youwei Hong; Jinsheng Chen; Mengren Li; Junjun Deng; Xin Wu; Xiaoqiu Chen
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Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) plays an important role in global climate change and air quality. PM 2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 μm) samples were collected at a mountainous forest site (Mt. Wuyi) in southeastern China between November 2015 and July 2016. Fourteen PM 2.5 -bound SOA tracers, including isoprene, α/β‑pinene, β‑caryophyllene, and toluene, were measured using the gas-chromatography–mass-spectrometry method. The total concentrations of the isoprene,...
Topics: Biomass burning, Mountainous forest area, PM 2.5, Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) tracers,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Woody encroachment is a widespread phenomenon resulting from the abandonment of mountain agricultural and pastoral practices during the last century. As a result, forests have expanded, increasing biomass and necromass carbon (C) pools. However, the impact on soil organic carbon (SOC) is less clear. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of woody encroachment on SOC stocks and ecosystem C pools in six chronosequences located along the Italian peninsula, three in the Alps and...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Italy, Land-use change, Soil carbon pools, Winter air temperatures, Woody...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In this article, numerical experiments are performed to investigate the effects of increasing atmospheric moisture on the precipitation depth (PD) produced by Hurricane Ivan (2004) over a target area, chosen as the drainage basin of the city of Asheville, NC. Atmospheric moisture was increased indirectly by increasing the sea surface temperature (SST) in the simulation initial conditions, and by letting the regional atmospheric model adjust the atmospheric fields to the SST perturbation. The...
Topics: Intense precipitation, Moisture maximization, Storm transposition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paulina B. Ramírez; Francisco J. Calderón; Steven J. Fonte; Carlos A. Bonilla
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Improved understanding of changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks is critical for developing strategies that ensure effective climate change mitigation and the long-term productivity. Changes in SOC are likely to vary across soil and climate conditions, yet long-term data to elucidate these trends across different ecosystems remains limited. In this study we evaluated long-term changes in SOC across a gradient of climate conditions (from arid to hyper humid), soil orders, and land uses...
Topics: Mid-infrared spectroscopy, Mollisols, Phyllosilicate clay, Soil carbon sequestration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Stefano Brighenti; Monica Tolotti; Maria Cristina Bruno; Geraldene Wharton; Walter Bertoldi
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This review provides a detailed synthesis of the effects of glacier retreat and permafrost thaw on stream ecosystems in the European Alps. As a working framework, we present a conceptual model developed from an integration of current knowledge and understanding of the habitat and ecological shifts in Alpine streams caused by deglaciation. In our work, we depict how climate change and the loss of cryosphere trigger complex cascading effects on Alpine hydrology, as the main water sources shift...
Topics: Ecosystem function, European Alps, Food webs, Permafrost, Rock glaciers
Facing the dangers posed by climate change, the mobility sector needs to undergo a transition towards sustainability. One way of reducing emissions in traffic is to establish the use of electric vehicles. However, given current market shares in Germany, the envisaged regime change from traditional combustion to electric engines seems rather unlikely, triggering the search for new options for dynamic market growth. Recent research has shown consumers’ insufficient knowledge and high...
Topics: Mobility, Quantitative model, Technology acceptance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Solomon Asfaw; Antonio Scognamillo; Gloria Di Caprera; Adriana Ignaciuk
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This article investigates the empirical linkages between crop and livelihood diversification strategies, extreme weather events, and household welfare using a unique dataset that integrates harmonized, national representative household surveys and geo-referenced climatic information collected in Malawi, Niger and Zambia. In doing so, the paper addresses the potential endogeneity arising from the selection bias and the heterogeneity of the effect across the quantiles of the income distribution....
Topics: Climate change, Diversification, Impact, Livelihood strategy, SSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Evi Deltedesco; Hans Peter Piepho; Markus Gorfer; Markus Herndl; Michael Bahn; Erich M. Pötsch; Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern
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Climate projections for the next decades expect a significant increase in air temperature and atmospheric CO 2 concentration, particularly in Alpine grassland. Most past experiments focused on individual climate changes parameters, such as warming (eT) and increase in atmospheric CO 2 (eCO 2 ). There is still little knowledge about these environmental changes, their magnitudes, and interactions on soil trace gas emissions and temperature sensitivity of associated microbial processes. Therefore,...
Topics: Managed grassland, Multifactorial climate change manipulation, Soil CO 2 emissions, Soil N 2 O...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The conversion of extreme xeromorphic vegetation (natural desert forest) to agricultural lands is one of the largest land-use changes in the arid desert region of China over the past 30 years, which may substantially influence soil respiration, and hence may largely determine local climate change. However, few studies have considered the change in soil respiration across natural desert forest and agricultural lands in the arid desert region. In this study, soil respiration and its influencing...
Topics: Agricultural activities, Climate change, Deforestation, Extreme xeromorphic vegetation, Land-use...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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How global warming changes the toxicity of contaminants is a research priority at the intersection of global change biology and ecotoxicology. While many pesticides are more toxic at higher temperatures this is not always detected. We studied whether deviations from this general pattern can be explained by concentration-dependent interaction effects and by testing the interaction against the inappropriate null model. We exposed larvae of the mosquito Culex pipiens to three concentrations of the...
Topics: Multiple stressors, Null model, Pesticide, Synergistic interaction, ‘Climate-induced toxicant...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tao Zhang; Mingjie Xu; Yangjian Zhang; Tianhong Zhao; Tingting An; Yingge Li; Yi Sun; Ning Chen; Tingting Zhao; Juntao Zhu; Guirui Yu
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Grazing is the primary land use practice in alpine ecosystems on the Tibetan Plateau. However, it remains unclear how grazing regulates levels of carbon and the water cycle in this ecosystem. A paired set of eddy covariance systems were set in adjacent fenced (FM) and grazed meadows (GM) to explore the grazing effects on alpine meadows. Aboveground biomass removed by grazing caused declines in grass transpiration (T), whereas the evaporation (E) was enhanced because of greater exposure to...
Topics: Alpine meadow, Carbon fluxes, Drought, Evapotranspiration, Grazing
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by H. S. Sidhu; M. L. Jat; Bruno Gerard; Yadvinder Singh; Ravneet Kaur Sidhu; Naveen Gupta; Parvinder Singh; Pankaj Singh; H. S. Jat
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The future of the South Asia's rice-wheat (RW) production system is at stake due to continuously depleting aquifers and increasing pressure on underground water under projected climate change scenario. Conventional management factors such as flood irrigation, intensive tillage and residue burning are threatening sustainability of RW system. With increasing adoption of conservation agriculture (CA), sub-surface drip fertigation (SSDF) provides an exceptional opportunity for complementing...
Topics: Conservation agriculture, Direct seeded rice, Fertigation, Irrigation water productivity, Lateral...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhiying Li; Xiao Li; Yue Wang
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Extreme precipitation events damage infrastructure and property; thus, predicting future precipitation patterns in the context of climate change is important. In this study, precipitation projections from 36 downscaled General Circulation Models (GCMs) under two Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) scenarios (RCP2.6 and RCP8.5) enabled examination of projected changes in future precipitation for the Clear Creek watershed in Houston, Texas, USA. Precipitation from 1950 to 2099 simulated...
Topics: Clear Creek watershed, Climate change, Indices, Precipitation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Energy efficiency has played an important role in helping China achieve its domestic and international energy and climate change mitigation targets, but more significant near-term actions to decarbonize are needed to help China and the world meet the Paris Agreement goals. Accelerating electrification and maximizing supply-side and demand-side renewable adoption are two recent strategies being considered in China, but few bottom-up modeling studies have evaluated the potential near-term impacts...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, China bottom-up model, Electrification, Renewables
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shihan Zhang; Yao Shen; Lidong Wang; Jianmeng Chen
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Carbon Capture and Storage is regarded as an important component in a portfolio of low-carbon energy technologies for mitigating climate change. Absorption technologies are presently the most available and effective approach for post-combustion CO 2 capture. However, state-of-the-art amine-based absorption technologies incur intensive energy use, as high as 3 times the thermodynamic minimum, thus resulting in prohibitively high costs. Solvents are key to the performance of absorption...
Topics: Absorption, CO 2 -triggered solvent, Desorption, Energy penalty, Phase change solvent,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qian Li; Jorge Loy-Benitez; Sung Ku Heo; Seungchul Lee; Hongbin Liu; Chang Kyoo Yoo
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Indoor air quality (IAQ) in subway stations are dynamic due to various time-dependent factors, such as subway schedule, passenger load variance in short time scale, and outdoor air quality variation cause from climate change. To remove the indoor pollutants, a conventional mechanical ventilation system is typically utilized in subway stations; however, the working mechanism does not consider the real-time variation of the factors that may cause energy waste or deficiency. Therefore, for a quick...
Topics: Climate change variations, Flexible real-time control, Indoor air quality, Multi-objective...
Indirect carbon emissions from households can be redefined and recalculated using an input-output model. This paper combines multivariate regression analysis with input-output technology and a structural decomposition analysis to examine their impact and predict carbon emissions in the future. The results show that urban employment, rapid urbanization, and the two-child policy are the main reasons for the population variable having a magnifying effect on increasing indirect carbon emissions....
Topics: Indirect carbon emissions, Input output model, Policy simulation, Structural decomposition analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amar Matloob; Muhammad Ehsan Safdar; Tasawer Abbas; Farhena Aslam; Asif Tanveer; Abdul Rehman; Asim Raza Chadhar
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Weed management has become increasingly important in the backdrop of sustainable crop production, uncertain climatic patterns and food security concerns in Pakistan. Due to diverse agro-climatic conditions, 267 weed species have been identified to be responsible for causing monetary loss worth 3 billion USD annually. Weed competition for resources, interference with crops, weed-related increased incidence of pests and diseases in different crops, and high management costs incurred in...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Mohammadi; E. Ebrahimi; M. Shahriari Moghadam; L. Bosso
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Species distribution models (SDMs) are excellent tools to understand the factors that affect the potential distribution of several organisms at different scale. In this study, we analyzed the current potential distribution of the Blanford's Jerboa Jaculus blanfordi and the Arabian Jerboa Jaculus loftusi (Mammalia: Rodentia) in Iran and predicted the impact of climate change on their future potential distributions using two different modelling software packages: Maxent and sdm. Our results...
Topics: Ecological niche modelling, Jaculus blanfordi, Jaculus loftusi, Maxent, Rodent, Small mammal,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ara Cho; Kaoru Kashima; Koji Seto; Kazuyoshi Yamada; Takumi Sato; Kota Katsuki
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Paleoenvironment and paleoclimate changes during the Little Ice Age (LIA)were investigated using sediments from Lake Hamana. This lagoon in central Japan is under a complicated climate system influenced by the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM), East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM), and strong typhoon events. Diatom assemblages and chemical components of a 1.3 m sediment core suggest historical events of rapid salination and cyclical ecosystem shifts accompanied by monsoon condition changes. Most...
Topics: Chemical components, Diatom, Lagoon, Monsoon, Paleoenvironment, Typhoon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Abdulla; P. Vaishnav; B. Sergi; D. G. Victor
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Decarbonization will require deployment of low-carbon technologies, but analysts have struggled to quantify which ones could be deployed in practice—especially where technologies have faced public opposition. For nuclear power, some analysts have tried to solve this problem with caps on deployment or nuclear-free scenarios; however, social science research has not offered nuanced guidance about these caps. We deploy an experiment involving a large U.S. sample (N = 1226) to disentangle public...
Topics: Climate change, Decarbonization, Dread, Energy modeling, Nuclear power, Risk perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wenmin Liao; Lianping Yang; Shuang Zhong; Jeremy J. Hess; Qiong Wang; Junzhe Bao; Cunrui Huang
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Background: Climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. Medical students will lead the health sector responses and adaptation efforts in the near future, yet little is known in China about their knowledge, perceptions and preparedness to meet these challenges. Methods: A nationwide study was conducted at five medical universities across different regions of China using a two-stage stratified cluster sampling design. A self-administered questionnaire was applied to...
Topics: Climate change, Education, Health impact, Medical student, Perception
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jonathan Koomey; Zachary Schmidt; Holmes Hummel; John Weyant
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Technology and policy implications of global energy and emissions scenarios can be difficult to analyze because underlying assumptions and drivers of scenarios are rarely made explicit. This article documents methods for standardizing emissions scenario results that can be applied to virtually any scenario, enabling more meaningful comparisons among scenarios than has been possible in the past. This approach uses charts showing the dynamics and effects of emission drivers, mitigation...
Topics: Climate change, Decomposition methods, Greenhouse-gas emissions scenarios, Integrated assessment...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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In order to mitigate climate change and its impacts, it is crucial to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy sources. The extent to which renewable energy projects can be implemented largely depends on public acceptability. We studied how public acceptability is influenced by people's trust in agents responsible for renewable energy projects and the influence that people have over decisions regarding these projects. As expected, higher trust and having influence over major decisions...
Topics: Acceptability, China, Influence over decisions, Participation, Renewable energy projects, The...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Valeria Cardelli; Mauro De Feudis; Giuseppe Corti; Flavio Fornasier; Luisa Massaccesi; Stefania Cocco; Alberto Agnelli; David C. Weindorf
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This study evaluated soil properties along a small transect in the Apennines chain (central Italy). Using latitude and altitude as surrogates for temperature differences, three locations at different latitudes were selected for the study. At each location, two altitudes were selected (800 and 1000 m). The study was conducted by contrasting chemical and biochemical parameters [microbial biomass-C content, amount of CO 2 evolved during basal respiration (ΣCO 2 –C), and potential enzyme...
Topics: Climate change, Enzyme activity, Forest soils, Organic horizons, Soil organic matter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zongmin Li; Xinxin Zhang; Yanfang Ma; Cuiying Feng
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Urbanization and climate change have increased the frequency of damaging urban floods. While some urban floods are inevitable, it is critical to ensure urban flood resilience to minimize flood losses. This paper develops an urban flood resilience evaluation system that can provide guidance for municipal decision makers. This study first builds a comprehensive flood resilience evaluation system with the whole period of the disaster cycle that covers the resistance capacity before a flood, the...
Topics: Hesitant fuzzy VIKOR, Information aggregation, Multi-criteria decision making, Urban Flood...
To face up abiotic resource depletion and other environmental issues as climate change due to usual fossil-based chemical production technologies, some alternative strategies have been developed using renewable resources. To produce such bio-based chemicals, renewable raw materials such as cereal crops or vegetables are currently used. To promote an environmental responsible practice, organic waste could be a relevant alternative to these dedicated crops. BIORARE technology is an innovative...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Biorefinery, Eco-design, Eco-efficiency, LCA, Sensitivity analysis
While human socioeconomic activity leads to climate change, the latter also affects the former; socioeconomic and climate systems have considerable interactions. Some studies have looked at the effects of climate change on labor productivity and gross domestic product, yet they have not considered the interaction between socioeconomic and climate systems. This study therefore examined that aspect as well as the economic impact of climate-change-induced labor productivity change....
Topics: Climate change, Economic activities, Energy supply, Gross domestic product, Labor productivity,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cristobal Rodriguez-Delgado; Rafael J. Bergillos; Gregorio Iglesias
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Climate change is poised to exacerbate coastal erosion. Recent research has presented a novel strategy to tackle this issue: dual wave farms, i.e., arrays of wave energy converters with the dual function of carbon-free energy generation and coastal erosion mitigation. However, the implications of sea level rise – another consequence of climate change – for the effectiveness of wave farms as coastal defence elements against shoreline erosion have not been studied so far. The objective of...
Topics: Climate change, Coastal protection, Renewable energy, Sea level rise, Sustainable development, Wave...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gorka Erice; Álvaro Sanz-Sáez; Jon González-Torralba; Ana María Méndez-Espinoza; Inés Urretavizcaya; María Teresa Nieto; María Dolors Serret; José Luis Araus; Juan J. Irigoyen; Iker Aranjuelo
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Wheat grain represents an important source of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and minerals. Durum wheat is used mainly for the preparation of pasta, and in some Mediterranean areas is used for bread making. The atmospheric CO 2 concentration influences wheat growth, yield and quality. The present work focuses on kernel quality under conditions of elevated [CO 2 ] and subjected, or not, to water stress. The experiments were conducted with the durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) varieties cvv....
Topics: Climate change, Nutritional traits, Wheat, Yield
The rising discourse over concerns on climate change due to non environmental compatibility of traditional industrial processes have fuelled the development of digitized, high performing, ecofriendly technologies which are in tandem with environment. In the context of extraction of essential oil, drawbacks of classical hydrodistillation such as thermal degradation, high energy consumption, time consuming, low yield have made way for more greener approach. The novelty in the proposed work lies...
Topics: Gravity assisted solvent free microwave assisted extraction, Hydrodistillation, Mentha spicata,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hossny Azizalrahman; Valid Hasyimi
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Urbanization as a migratory and transformative process brings changes to human activities that make a significant contribution to climate change. Carbon emissions have been steadily increasing because of rapid world population growth. This paper attempts to formulate an impact model of urbanization on carbon emissions by offering a breakdown of urban sector drivers of emissions: residential, commercial and industrial to elucidate the dynamics of variables’ interaction. The model facilitates a...
Topics: ARDL, Carbon emissions, Commercial and industrial activities, Residential, USDM, Urban sector...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amir Reza Khavarian-Garmsir; Ahmad Pourahmad; Hossein Hataminejad; Rahmatollah Farhoodi
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The desire to improve the quality of life and to avoid environmental degradation has prompted human beings to migrate across the world over time. Through a survey regarding the contribution of different drivers on migration out of the shrinking cities of Khuzestan province, the study shows that climate changes and environmental degradation have a considerable influence on out-migration. Overall, these environmental factors exert both direct and indirect effects. The former, which is proven...
Topics: Migration drivers, Shrinking cities
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Changes in fire regime and soil temperatures will be simultaneous symptoms of climate change in many regions around the world, yet very few studies have investigated how these factors will interact to affect soil carbon (C) cycling. Interacting effects of fire regime and temperature on soil C cycling processes might constitute an important but poorly-understood feedback to the global climate system. Using soils from one of the world's longest running prescribed fire trials in eastern Australia,...
Topic: qCO 2
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Larger forest patches in urban areas are highly valuable recreation sites that provide the urban population with various ecosystem services. Yet they are highly vulnerable to biological pests, especially in the light of climate change. The growing need to intervene against forest pests needs to be clearly but carefully communicated to the urban forest visitors in order to minimize conflicts. In this paper, a survey with 554 complete responses, conducted in the forest district of the...
Topics: Berlin, Perception, Survey, Tree pest, Urban forest
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alex O. Acheampong; Emmanuel B. Boateng
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This study applies an artificial neural network (ANN) to develop models for forecasting carbon emission intensity for Australia, Brazil, China, India, and USA. Nine parameters that play an essential role in contributing to carbon emissions intensity were selected as input variables. The input parameters are economic growth, energy consumption, R&D, financial development, foreign direct investment, trade openness, industrialisation, and urbanisation. The study used quarterly data which span...
Topics: Artificial neural network, Carbon emissions, Forecasting, Sensitivity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ken Lin Chang; Kassian T.T. Amesho; Yuan Chung Lin; Syu Ruei Jhang; Feng Chih Chou; Hua Chun Chen
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Efficient energy usage and energy saving is one of the nowadays necessity for all scientists of IC engine. This is because of the current environmental challenges that have tremendously increased concerning air pollution, particularly pollutant emissions from vehicles. Yet, industries and governments alike have disregarded this phenomenon which has been considerably contributing to climate change. It is against this background that, the research works carried out in this present study is...
Topics: Atmospheric-plasma system, Carbonyl compounds, Diesel engine, Pollutant emissions, Saving energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Glacierised river catchments have been shown to be highly sensitive to climate change, while large populations depend on the water resources originating from them. Hydrological models are used to aid water resource management, yet their treatment of glacier processes is either rudimentary in large-scale applications or linked to fully distributed glacier models that prevent larger model domains. Also, data scarcity in mountainous catchments has hampered the implementation of physically based...
Topics: Aksu basin, Glacier mass balance modelling, Glaciohydrological model, Rhone basin
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Transpiration (Tr) is influenced by environmental factors, vegetation properties, and anthropogenic management. The effect of environmental factors on Tr are taking place from two aspects: evaporative demand (i.e., potential evapotranspiration, PET) and water supply (i.e., soil water). Soil water is one of the most important factors that limit plant transpiration in terrestrial ecosystems, especially in semi-arid and arid regions. Investigating the relationship between Tr and soil water is...
Topics: Evaporative demand, Potential evapotranspiration, Semi-arid region, Soil water, Transpiration
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The literature supports and recommends that firms be responsive to external environments for prosperity and survival. However, many firms do not seem to heed this advice when it comes to important but uncontrollable environmental forces such as population aging. We investigate firms' (non)responses to population aging, one of the grand challenges of our time. While theoretical explanations for firms' responses to external environments abound, surprisingly, we lack concrete empirical evidence...
Topics: Ambivalence, Controllability, Perceived environmental uncertainty, Population aging
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Filippo Garofalo; Gianfranco Santovito; Daniela Amelio
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The effect of increasing ocean water temperature on morpho-functional traits of Antarctic marine species is under intense attention. In this work, we evaluated the effects of acute heat stress on the gills of the Antarctic haemoglobinless Chionodraco hamatus and the red blooded Trematomus bernacchii in terms of morphology, heat shock response, antioxidant defense and NOS/NO system. We showed in both species that the exposure to high temperature (4 °C) induced structural alterations, such as...
Topics: Heat stress, Trematomus bernacchii
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and sea level rise (SLR) poses serious risks to coastal communities around the world requiring nations to apply adaptation laws and policies. Climate change will exacerbate the existing threats to vulnerable communities, such as the poor, and threaten the food security of populations in coastal areas through the effects of flooding due to coastal inundation. Indonesia is an Archipelagic State of over 17,000 islands and is vulnerable to climate change impacts in its coastal areas...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Climate justice
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Changes in sediment composition in the Xunhua Basin provide insights into the climatic and tectonic evolution of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during the Oligocene and Miocene. Here, we analyzed the clay mineralogy (i.e., the proportions of smectite, illite, and chlorite and clay indicators), bulk mineral composition (i.e., the amounts of calcite, quartz, gypsum, K-feldspar, plagioclase, dolomite, and halite), and trace-element indicators (i.e., Rb/Sr and Ba/Sr ratios) of sediments...
Topics: Aridification, Clay minerals, East Asian monsoon, Laji Shan, Provenance, Tectonic uplift
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by G. Gambacorta; E. Menichetti; E. Trincianti; S. Torricelli
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The transition from the Middle to Late Ordovician cold climate to the Silurian greenhouse phase was marked by major climatic and oceanographic changes. The vast epereic sea that during the early Paleozoic extended over the Baltic Plate for hundreds of kilometres recorded the dynamic processes that characterized this important climatic evolution. This shallow epicontinental sea experienced phases of hypoxic conditions for millions of years during the Silurian favouring the sedimentation of...
Topics: Anoxia, Black shale, Epereic sea, Major and trace element geochemistry, Organic matter, Paleozoic
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thu Thuy Nguyen; Huu Hao Ngo; Wenshan Guo; Xiaochang C. Wang; Nanqi Ren; Guibai Li; Jie Ding; Heng Liang
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Climate change, rapid urbanization and inappropriate urban planning policies in many countries have resulted in urban water-related problems, such as flooding disasters, water pollution and water shortages. To tackle these issues, the specific urban water management strategy known as Sponge City has been implemented in China since 2013. This is a complex method and one involving many challenges. This paper critically assesses the approaches associated with conventional urban water management....
Topics: Barriers, Green infrastructures, Socio-economic development, Sponge City, Urban water management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hanxiao Zhang; Shouliang Huo; Kevin M. Yeager; Zhuoshi He; Beidou Xi; Chunzi Ma; Fengchang Wu
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Studies that address the potential effects of climate and anthropogenic activities on lacustrine phytoplankton succession are scarce in the shallow lakes. In the present work, the succession of phytoplankton community inferred from sedimentary pigments has been investigated; the impacts of climate and anthropogenic activities on the succession have been evaluated by the generalized additive models (GAMs) in a shallow eutrophied lake, Lake Chaohu, located eastern China. The results show that...
Topics: Algae succession, Anthropogenic activities, Climate change, Generalized additive models,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Geofrey Gabiri; Constanze Leemhuis; Bernd Diekkrüger; Kristian Näschen; Stefanie Steinbach; Frank Thonfeld
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A combination of climate change, food demand, population growth, and other driving forces are causing land use and land cover change (LULC) in wetlands of Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). This has a profound effect on water resources, thus it is imperative that such consequences arising from these changes are predicted accurately to support land use management. For that, local scale studies are required to understand the system and to perform scenario analysis. The focus of this study was on small...
Topics: Soil and water assessment tool, Water balance, Wetland degradation, Wetland-catchment interaction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Nitrogen deposition and precipitation change are not only hot topics of current global change but also the main environmental factors affecting plant growth. Thus, the effects of nitrogen and precipitation on the life history of spring-(SG) and autumn-germinated (AG) ephemeral plants of Erodium oxyrhynchum were researched in the Gurbantunggut Desert, northern China, and the aim was to understand the response of plants from different germination seasons to global change. SG and AG plants with...
Topics: Climate change, Cold desert, Ephemeral plant, Erodium oxyrhynchum, Increased nitrogen, Increased...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carla Nogueira; Christiane Werner; Ana Rodrigues; Maria C. Caldeira
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Mediterranean annual grasslands are species-diverse ecosystems of high economic and ecological value. CO 2 and water fluxes in these grasslands are triggered by the first rains in autumn, after a long hot and dry summer. Climate change scenarios project altered rainfall patterns, such as prolonged dry season into the autumn, while simultaneously nitrogen (N) deposition is increasing globally. However, how these global change drivers will interact to affect Mediterranean grassland CO 2 , water...
Topics: Autumn drought, Ecosystem respiration, Gross primary productivity, Mediterranean grassland, Net...
Sustainable city has been a global concern in recent years, involving natural science and social science research. However, few studies have attempted to map the global research of sustainable city. This study aimed to reveal the global performance and development of sustainable city research during 1992 to 2016, using a bibliometric analysis based on Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) on Web of Science. Research performance, research...
Topics: Bibliometrics, Low carbon city, Sponge city, Topic detection, Visualization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jinyang Wang; Felicity Hayes; Robert Turner; David R. Chadwick; Gina Mills; Davey L. Jones
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Reduced belowground carbon (C) allocation by plants exposed to ozone may change properties and activities of the microbial community in soils. To investigate how soil microbial biomass and extracellular enzyme activities respond to elevated ozone, we collected soils from a temperate grassland after four years of ozone exposure under fully open-air field conditions. We measured soil microbial biomass, the metabolism of low molecular weight C substrates and hydrolytic extracellular enzyme...
Topics: (semi-)Natural vegetation, Climate change, FACE, Hydrolytic enzymes, Soil aggregates
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. L. Jat; C. M. Parihar; A. K. Singh; B. Kumar; M. Choudhary; H. S. Nayak; M. D. Parihar; N. Parihar; B. R. Meena
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A greater energy grant in diesel-fed machinery driven farming substantiate the higher GHGs emission along with improper input (fertilizer, pesticide and irrigation) use and intensive soil management. Practicing conservation tillage, residue retention and diversified crop rotations were advocated because of their multiple benefits. Hence we explored the energy requirement and carbon footprint of conservation agriculture (CA) based maize production systems. Coated N fertilizer [sulphur coated...
Topics: Economically and environmantal sustainable, Energy use efficiency, Slow release coated N...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rui Ma; Yiling He; Junzhe Bao; Rongrong Sheng; Chuandong Fu; Cunrui Huang
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Background: Climate change has exacerbated the health effects of high ambient temperatures on occupational health and safety; however, to what extent heat stress can induce workplace injuries and economic costs is poorly studied. This study aimed to quantify the attributable fractions of injury claims and subsequent insurance payouts using data from work-related injury insurance system in Guangzhou, China. Methods: Individual workers' injury claims data were collected for the period of...
Topics: Climate change, Economic cost, Heat stress, Occupational health, Work-related injury
The distribution of biomes in South Asia is expected to be affected severely by climate change. Understanding plant-climate interactions and the impact of climate change, rising CO 2 , land use change, deforestation and fire on vegetation has become a major challenge for ecologists. Therefore, developing the capacity to project vegetation change is of critical importance if we are to mitigate and efficiently adapt to climate change impacts. The lack of an accurate representation of different...
Topics: Savanna, South Asia, aDGVM
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jérémy Rodrigues; Antoine Gérard; Geoffroy Séré; Jean Louis Morel; Sophie Guimont; Marie Odile Simonnot; Marie Noëlle Pons
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The objective of the LORVER project was the construction of fertile Technosols on an industrial brownfield using wastes and byproducts to produce biomass for industrial purposes (hemp as a fiber source and poplar for short rotation coppice). A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the Technosol construction was conducted to highlight the most significant environmental contributions. Three scenarios were compared: a reference scenario (REF) without improvement of the brownfield, a Technosol scenario...
Topics: Brownfield, Constructed technosol, Hemp, Life cycle assessment, Short rotation coppice,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marcos L.S. Oliveira; Binoy K. Saikia; Kátia da Boit; Diana Pinto; Bernardo F. Tutikian; Luis F.O. Silva
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The coastal zones on continental shelves are the main channels for the distribution of fluvial-sourced suspended sediments (SSs). In the current research, the monthly average amount of SS draining into the Caribbean Sea from the Magdalena River in northern Colombia was analyzed to detect nanoparticle (NPs) containing potential hazardous elements (PHEs). The ecological authorities of Colombia claimed that the climate change is the key reason behind land erosion and floods occurred in the last...
Topics: Human activities, Magdalena River, River basin, Sediments geochemistry, Suspended sediments, Water...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Marco Meisser; Amarante Vitra; Claire Deléglise; Sébastien Dubois; Eric Mosimann; Alexandre Buttler; Pierre Mariotte
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Drought events can strongly affect ecosystem functioning by modifying relationship between plants, microbes and soil chemistry, with consequent impacts on nutrient cycling. However, the potential impacts of a soil moisture reduction on the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling in grasslands remain poorly understood, especially in regard to forage production. To fill this knowledge gap, a drought experiment was carried out using rainout shelters in two permanent grasslands, characterized by...
Topics: Climate change, Forage quality, Forage yield, Nitrogen cycle, Phosphorus cycle, Soil moisture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chenggang Liu; Yanqiang Jin; Farkhanda Bibi; Youning Hu; Jianwei Tang; Qinli Xiong; Mingxi Xu; Kingsly C. Beng
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Agroforestry systems (AFSs) are considered sustainable forms of land management, but their impact on soil microbial biodiversity remains poorly understood. Here, we compared the structure and diversity of bacterial communities in rubber-based AFSs in tropical China that had different management types and stand ages: 10-year-old rubber mono- (YR) and intercropping (YRF), and 22-year-old rubber mono- (MR) and intercropping (MRF). Stand age had a stronger effect on bacterial communities than...
Topics: Agroforestry system, Bacterial community, Cover crop, Seasonality, Vertical stratification
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Axel T. Albrecht; Christopher Jung; Dirk Schindler
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Empirical forest storm damage models can assist in identifying the key factors of the occurrence of storm damage in order to develop locally adapted measures to minimize damage in forests. Yet, there is a significant lack of knowledge in these models concerning the correlation between storm damage and high-impact near-surface airflow. To improve our understanding in this field, we built Random Forests (RF) and Generalized Linear Models (GLM) for evaluating the association between high...
Topics: Generalized linear model, Gust speed model, Random forests, Storm damage, Windthrow
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yuhua Jia; Tongchuan Li; Xinni Ju; Ming'an Shao; Jianhui Hao; Yunqiang Wang; Xiaoxu Jia; Ceng Zeng; Xiaoli Fu; Bingxia Liu; Miao Gan; Mingyang Zhao
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The extent of the effect of China's Loess Plateau on global climate change partially depends on the achievements of the Grain for Green Program (GFGP). This region is prone to drought problems, especially the widespread creation of dried soil layer (DSL), which is intensified by the revegetation from GFGP initiatives. A DSL is the result of soil desiccation in deep soil profiles. The occurrence and expansion of DSLs are strengthened by the high risk of the Loess Plateau to climate change. On...
Topics: Gain for green program, Revegetation, Sandwiched dried soil layer, Soil drought, Soil water...
Health and equity present obligations and currently under-realised opportunities in low carbon transitions. Energy efficiency improvements of homes may benefit health and access to affordable energy, yet better knowledge about contextual mechanisms and household practices is needed for the development of effective programs. This paper presents a mixed methods evaluation of a quasi-randomised controlled retrofit trial targeting low-income older householders. Socio-technical systems thinking...
Topics: Ageing in place, Care, Equity, Health, Homes, Mixed methods, Pragmatism, Retrofit, Social...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon capture and utilization (CCU) are technologies which aim at mitigating climate change and saving fossil resources: CO 2 emissions from industrial plants are captured and stored underground (CCS) or used for the manufacturing of products (CCU). In contrast to CCS, CCU is less about the reduction of CO 2 emissions, since the global demand for feedstock CO 2 to be used for CCU products is considerably lower than the CO 2 emissions produced worldwide....
Topics: Affective-cognitive evaluation profiles, Carbon capture & storage (CCS), Carbon capture &...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laura M.S. Seelen; Giovanna Flaim; Eleanor Jennings; Lisette N. De Senerpont Domis
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Fresh water is a limited resource under anthropogenic threat. Europeans are using an average of 3550 L per capita per day and this amount is increasing steadily as incomes rise. Water saving options are being actively promoted, but these intensified measures do not yet come close to saving enough water to prevent water shortages that may seriously affect our way of life in the near future. With projected increases in demands for good quality fresh water, educating the public about sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Remote sensing, as a crucial method to obtain information on water environmental processes, has become a major source of data, particularly of water environment and water resources, which are sensitive to global climate change. The bibliometric analysis provided here shows the research characteristics and developments of remote sensing-based observations of water environmental processes under a changing climate from 2000 to 2018. Visualized knowledge mapping is introduced to investigate the...
Topics: Bibliometrics, CiteSpace, Climate change, Hydrological process, Watershed model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Adaptive thermal plasticity plays a key role in mitigating the effects of seasonal and diurnal thermal fluctuations among ectotherms at various life-stages. While the role of thermal history in conferring such plasticity is widely documented, its interaction with relative humidity (RH), another important driver of ectotherm survival and activity, is relatively underexplored. Yet the potential responses to these combinational stressors across ontogeny remain largely neglected. Against this...
Topics: Climate change, Ontogeny, Phenotypic plasticity, Stress resistance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiao Xiao; Erin Seekamp; Max Post van der Burg; Mitchell Eaton; Sandra Fatorić; Allie McCreary
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Climate change poses great challenges for cultural resource management, particularly in coastal areas. Cultural resources, such as historic buildings, in coastal areas are vulnerable to climate impacts including inundation, deterioration, and destruction from sea-level rise and storm-related flooding and erosion. However, research that assesses the trade-offs between actions for protecting vulnerable and valuable cultural resources under budgetary constraints is limited. This study focused on...
Topics: Climate adaptation, Cultural resource management, Decision analysis, Historic preservation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Nanda Kaji Budhathoki; Jonatan A. Lassa; Sirish Pun; Kerstin K. Zander
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Farmers in Nepal face many risks from extreme weather events which detrimentally impact their crop production. To support farmers in risk management, prevent financial losses, and facilitate farmer participation in insurance schemes, the Nepalese government subsidises crop insurance by paying 75% of the premiums. However, the uptake of insurance schemes has been poor. This study aimed to find out why by surveying 350 farmers, and identifying factors that influenced farmers’ general interest...
Topics: Area-based yield insurance, Climate change impacts, Double-bounded contingent valuation, Stated...
Ocean acidification and warming are predicted to affect the early life of many marine organisms, but their effects can be synergistic or antagonistic. This study assessed the combined effects of near-future (2100) ocean acidification (pH 7.8) and warming (+3 °C) on the fertilization, larval development and growth of the green sea urchin, Lytechinus variegatus, common in tropical reefs of Florida and the Caribbean. Acidification had no effect on fertilization, but delayed larval development,...
Topics: Acidification, Climate change, Echinoids, Fertilization, Larval development, Larval growth
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Makgalake P. Radingoana; Timothy Dube; Margaret H.N. Mollel; Josephine M. Letsoalo
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Greywater reuse has been adopted worldwide as an alternative source to freshwater and has been found to contribute to the household food supply. In this study, we assess the greywater reuse for home gardening in two rural communities (Ga-Seroka and Ga-Nkwana) in Limpopo Province, South Africa, using a mixed methods approach (Qualitative and Quantitative). A total of 95 and 87 households were randomly selected in Ga-Seroka and Ga-Nkwana villages, respectively. Field surveys from the selected...
Topics: Food security, Fruit trees, Greywater, Home gardening, Livelihoods, Rural communities, Vegetables,...
Drought sensitivity is known to affect plant species distribution. However, since every stage of plant life cycle has its own water requirements, plant performance and productivity is largely influenced by the timing of water stress. Variation in drought sensitivity between stages might explain recently observed changes in tree age structure along environmental gradients as well as species-specific responses to drought, yet it has poorly been taken into account in species distribution models...
Topics: Drought, Life cycle, Species distribution, Species distribution models, Water availability
A techno-economic paradigm embraces a whole constellation of technically and economically interrelated innovations and influences most industries and an entire phase of economic development. Its full potential to drive and shape economic growth can only be realized after far-reaching reforms have been made in the “socio-institutional frameworks” of major economies and the world economy. In close association with ICT, biotechnology – or the trio of biotechnologies: red (biomedicine), green...
Topics: Biotechnology, Climate change, Socio-institutional framework, Techno-economic paradigm, World...
A small set of samples from Gullmar Fjord, on the west coast of Sweden, together with published data, has allowed the investigation of the ‘Anthropocene’ within the fjord. The dinoflagellate cyst record and its statistical analysis fails to show any marked changes within the assemblages either across the proposed boundary or indeed within the youngest sediments at the top of the sequence. However there are some small scale differences in the youngest assemblages that are of interest. In...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brooke Maslo; Karen Leu; Todd Pover; Michael A. Weston; Ben L. Gilby; Thomas A. Schlacher
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Wildlife on sandy beaches is often constrained by transformation of natural areas for human use, and opportunities for acquiring or restoring new habitat are rare. Storms can often force changes in land use naturally by re-shaping coastal landforms, thereby creating high quality habitat; yet, wildlife requirements are seldom considered in post-storm recovery planning, and conservation practitioners lack suitable evidence to argue for the protection of habitats freshly formed by storms. Here we...
Topics: Beach-nesting birds, Climate change, Habitat conservation, Species distribution modeling, Wildlife...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danlu Cai; Klaus Fraedrich; Yanning Guan; Shan Guo; Chunyan Zhang; Xiuhua Zhu
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To quantify how urbanization induced long-term changes have altered the evolution of urban climate, a novel eco-hydrological diagnostic is introduced and applied globally, to a developing and a developed country (China and US-America). Urban areas are (i) geographically identified by remote sensing based nighttime light, (ii) physically embedded in state spaces spanned by suitable combinations of surface energy and water fluxes comprising the rainfall-runoff chain, and (iii) dynamically...
Topics: Climate and anthropogenic induced changes, Developing and developed countries, Rainfall-runoff...