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Negativland Ephemera
by comeonneiljustone
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Negativland live in concert featuring the weatherman Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzJdjjJdE5c Uploader: comeonneiljustone
Topics: Youtube, video, Music
Negativland Ephemera
by Blasphuphmus Radio
movies

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A live performance by Mark Hosler at The Cowfish on 20 October 2018 in Eugene Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLXcJU41Tzg Uploader: Blasphuphmus Radio
Topics: Youtube, video, Music, Live, Mark Hosler, The Cowfish
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
by Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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38 2nl
AnnoCinema Archive
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Yoko Higuchi worked on the production of Shin Godzilla as a Production Assistant, and sat down with us to talk about what it was like to work on the epic film, as well as what Hideaki Anno was like as a director! Yoko Higuchi: https://twitter.com/resistance0101 https://www.youtube.com/user/theresistancefilms Me: https://www.youtube.com/chesterlaw2001​ https://instagram.com/chesterlaw Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NuO2EnjRN3U Uploader: AnnoCinema
Topics: Youtube, video, People & Blogs, shin godzilla, shin gojira, hideaki anno, anno, hideaki,...
AnnoCinema Archive
movies

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Hot off the success of NGE, Hideaki Anno is interviewed by Noriko Hidaka, whom he worked with during "Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water". Thanks to the contributors on GoFundMe for making this possible! https://www.gofundme.com/subbing-hideaki-anno-tv-interviews Subscribe for more content like this coming soon! https://anchor.fm/annocinema https://twitter.com/annocinema​ https://www.instagram.com/annocinema/​ Me: https://www.youtube.com/chesterlaw2001​...
Topics: Youtube, video, People & Blogs, yt:cc=on, hideaki anno, anno, hideaki, 庵野秀明, 庵野,...
Folkscanomy Miscellaneous
by Kevin Savetz and FAXTOY Users
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Mendeley Climate Change Library
texts

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In an effort to address climate change, in 2013 China launched the world's largest government-driven carbon emission reduction programme, the National Low Carbon Industrial Parks Pilot Programme (LCIPPP). This paper analyses this newly developed pilot program. To deepen our understanding of the causes and the impact of industrial park CO 2 emissions, we use the STIRPAT (Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology) model and data from 20 pilot industrial parks...
Topics: CO 2 emissions, Low carbon industrial park, STIRPAT model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benoit Thibodeau; Henning A. Bauch; Jochen Knies
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Understanding the dynamic of freshwater and sea-ice export from the Arctic is crucial to better comprehend the potential near-future climate change consequences. Here, we report nitrogen isotope data of a core from the Laptev Sea to shed light on the impact of the Holocene Siberian transgression on the summer stratification of the Laptev Sea. Our data suggest that the oceanographic setting was less favourable to sea-ice formation in the Laptev Sea during the early to mid-Holocene. It is only...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Filomena Pietrapertosa; Valeriy Khokhlov; Monica Salvia; Carmelina Cosmi
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Building a climate-ready adaptation society is an urgent question that cannot be postponed. Along the path towards an increase in climate resilience, a stimulating role is played by EU projects as well as by international climate networks such as the Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation (Mayors Adapt), launched in 2014, and the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy which “pledge to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030 and to adopt an integrated approach...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, National adaptation action plan, National adaptation strategy, South...
The transformation of natural landscapes into impervious built-up surfaces through urbanization is known to significantly interfere with the ecological integrity of urban landscapes and accelerate climate change and associated impacts. Although urban reforestation is widely recognised as an ideal mitigation practice against these impacts, it often has to compete with other lucrative land uses within an urban area. The often limited urban space provided for reforestation therefore necessitates...
Topics: Elevation, Partial least squares regression, Slope, Topographic wetness index, Urban ecological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tom Roach; Zoran Kapelan; Ralph Ledbetter
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This paper aims to develop new, resilience type metrics for long-term water resources management under uncertain climate change and population growth. Resilience is defined here as the ability of a water resources management system to ‘bounce back’, i.e. absorb and then recover from a water deficit event, restoring the normal system operation. Ten alternative metrics are proposed and analysed addressing a range of different resilience aspects including duration, magnitude, frequency and...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Performance metrics, Reliability, Resilience, Water resources...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pantana Tor-ngern; Andrew Oishi; Sune Linder; Mikaell Ottosson-Löfvenius
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The forest hydrologic cycle is expected to have important feedback responses to climate change, impacting processes ranging from local water supply and primary productivity to global water and energy cycles. Here, we analyzed water budgets of pine forests worldwide. We first estimated local water balance of forests dominated by two wide-ranging species: Pinus taeda (36 °N) and Pinus sylvestris (64 °N). In these stands, growing season evapotranspiration (ET) was largely insensitive to...
Topics: Canopy transpiration, Evapotranspiration, Growing season, Pinus, Precipitation, Water balance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xiaoyu Wang; Tao Li; Lizhi Wang; Xiaoguang Yang; Tianyi Zhang; Zhijuan Liu; Erjing Guo; Ziqi Liu; Huihui Qu; Xi Chen; Hongtao Xiang; Yongcai Lai
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Northeast China (NEC) is one of the most important rice production areas in China, accounting for approximately 15% of its total national rice production, and is one of the regions most vulnerable to global climate change. Knowing crops’ potential yields is crucial to understanding comparisons of different cultivars, crops and environments as well as plausible future increases and limits to crop yields. To mitigate the impacts of climate change and enhance food security, investigating yield...
Topics: Agroclimatic zones, Climate change, ORYZA (v3) crop model, Rice, Yield constraints, Yield gaps
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Charlotte Rachael Hopkins; David Mark Bailey; Tavis Potts
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As international pressure for marine protection has increased, Scotland has increased spatial protection through the development of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) network. Few MPA networks to date have included specific considerations of climate change in the design, monitoring or management of the network. The Scottish MPA network followed a feature-led approach to identify a series of MPAs across the Scottish marine area and incorporated the diverse views of many different stakeholders. This...
Topics: Climate change, Delphi technique, MPA management, Marine protected area network, Scotland
Transition studies have made constructive efforts to attend more closely to the politics of sustainability transitions, with discourse emerging as an increasingly important means of interrogating these dynamics. Drawing on discourse perspectives, this study deploys the multi-dimensional discursive approach to explore framing struggles surrounding a climate change mitigation experience of international significance (the phase-out of coal-fired power in Ontario), revealing how ideas, interests,...
Topics: Coal phase-out, Discourse, Framing, Multi-dimensional discursive approach, Pathways, Transitions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pere Marti-Puig; Alejandro Blanco-M; Juan José Cárdenas; Jordi Cusidó; Jordi Solé-Casals
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The wind sectors pends roughly 2200M€ in repair the wind turbines failures. These failures do not contribute to the goal of reducing greenhouse gases emissions. The 25–35% of the generation costs are operation and maintenance services. To reduce this amount, the wind turbine industry is backing on the Machine Learning techniques over SCADA data. This data can contain errors produced by missing entries, uncalibrated sensors or human errors. Each kind of error must be handled carefully...
Topics: Fault diagnosis, Outliers, Pre-processing, Renewable energy, SCADA data
Transitioning food, energy and water systems for adaptation and mitigation of climate change is a challenge requiring social as well as technological solutions. The best technological solutions will only be effective if combined with behavior changes placing climate change at the forefront of our socio-cultural consciousness. Education is central in creating such a shift. Climate researchers have an important role in aiding the uptake of climate change education in U.S. public schools, where...
Topics: Climate change education, Climate literacy and pedagogy, Science communication, Social behavior...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Results confirm that Iran like many countries is affected by high climate variability, which has influenced hydroclimatological variables such as temperature, evaporation, precipitation, runoff, and radiation. This study uses Global Land Data Assimilation System (GLDAS) data to assess hydrological cycle changes in Iran during a long period (Jan1948-Jan2017). Results show that hydrometeorological variables have significant changes (p-value
Topics: Climate variation, Energy balance, Extreme weather events, GLDAS, Hydrological cycle,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brooks A. Kaiser; Melina Kourantidou; Linda Fernandez
texts

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Closing of the marine commons increases economic returns and slows depletion of valuable ocean resources. Rights-based management is widely used for fisheries rationalization. Regulators with sound biological and economic information can in theory set overall harvest control rules that protect the fish stocks, and manage for external costs and benefits from harvest. These may include ecosystem damages, overcapitalization in the fishery, and/or equity concerns. Regulatory efforts and related...
Topics: Fisheries economics, Open access fisheries, Property rights regimes, Snow Crab (C. opilio),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yang Dai; Meng Fei Wang; Shou Lin Jiang; Yi Fei Zhang; Megha N. Parajulee; Fa Jun Chen
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Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can markedly affect the growth, development, reproduction and behavior of herbivorous insects, mainly by changing the primary and secondary metabolites of their host plants. However, little is known about the host-selection behavior and the respective intrinsic mechanism of sap-sucking insects in response to elevated CO2. In this experiment, the host-selection behavior, as well as the physiological mechanism based on the analysis of growth,...
Topics: Aphis gossypii, Elevated CO2, Host-selection behavior, Olfactory-related genes, Physiological...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jingyi Huang; Budiman Minasny; Alex B. McBratney; José Padarian; John Triantafilis
texts

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Much research has been conducted to understand the spatial distribution of soil carbon stock and its temporal dynamics. However, an agreement has not been reached on whether increasing global temperature has a positive or negative feedback on soil carbon stocks. By analysing global maps of soil organic carbon (SOC) using a spherical wavelet analysis, it was found that the correlation between SOC and soil temperature at the regional scale was negative between 52° N and 40° S parallels and...
Topics: Carbon pool, Carbon sink, Climate change, Soil forming factor, Soil variability
Fencing and grass plantation are two key interventions to preserve the degraded grassland on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Climate warming and N deposition have substantially affected the alpine grassland ecosystems. However, molecular composition of soil organic carbon (SOC), the indicator of degradation of SOC, and its responses to climate change are still largely unclear. In this study, we conducted the experiments in three types of land use on the QTP: alpine meadow (AM), alpine steppe...
Topics: Climate warming, Land use, Molecular composition, Nitrogen deposition, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, SOC
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Prakash N. Dixit; Roberto Telleria; Amal N. Al Khatib; Siham F. Allouzi
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Different aspects of climate change, such as increased temperature, changed rainfall and higher atmospheric CO2 concentration, all have different effects on crop yields. Process-based crop models are the most widely used tools for estimating future crop yield responses to climate change. We applied APSIM crop simulation model in a dry Mediterranean climate with Jordan as sentinel site to assess impact of climate change on wheat production at decadal level considering two climate change...
Topics: CO2 effect, Climate change impact, Decadal simulation, Dry Mediterranean environment, Wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Huanhuan Tong; Jingxing Zhang; Tian Shu Ge; Ying Hong Peng; Chi Hwa Wang; Yen Wah Tong
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The increasing challenge in waste disposal and high dependency on imported fossil fuel has compelled Singapore to make continuous efforts in advancing waste to energy (WTE) technology, which could ensure sustainable development on one hand and energy resilience on the other hand. This paper summarizes the current WTE practices and research trends in Singapore, covering anaerobic digestion (AD), gasification, combustion-based biomass combined heat and power (CHP) production, and incineration,...
Topics: AD, CHP, Gasification, Incineration, Waste to energy
Ever-growing scarcity of land resources around the world brands the waste to energy (WtE) strategy as a promising option for municipal solid waste (MSW) management. WtE conversion not only reduce the land pressure problem in urban areas, but also generate electricity and heat to supply to the surrounding urban areas. Moreover it also warrants climate benefits by avoiding fossil fuel based energy. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the MSW renewable energy potential and climate benefits...
Topics: Climate change, Climate friendly city, Greenhouse gas, Renewable electricity, Waste to energy
Drought is a complex natural hazard that may have destructive damages on societal properties and even lives. Generally, socioeconomic drought occurs when water resources systems cannot meet water demand, mainly due to a weather-related shortfall in water supply. This study aims to propose a new method, a heuristic method, and a new index, the socioeconomic drought index (SEDI), for identifying and evaluating socioeconomic drought events on different severity levels (i.e., slight, moderate,...
Topics: A heuristic method, Climate change, East River basin, Reservoir operation, Socioeconomic drought...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Simona Maccherini; Giovanni Bacaro; Michela Marignani
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The impacts of climate extremes on species, communities and ecosystems have become critical concerns to science and society. Under a changing climate, how restoration outcomes are affected by extreme climate variables is a largely unknown topic. We analyzed the effects of experimental factors (grazing and sowing of native species), extreme climate events (intense precipitation and extreme temperatures indexes) and their combination on the restoration progress of a dry, calcareous grassland in...
Topics: Calcareous grassland, Climate change, Grazing, Long-term ecological research, Mediterranean...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Xuehai Fei; Qinghai Song; Yiping Zhang; Yuntong Liu; Liqing Sha; Guirui Yu; Leiming Zhang; Changqun Duan; Yun Deng; Chuansheng Wu; Zhiyun Lu; Kang Luo; Aiguo Chen; Kun Xu; Weiwei Liu; Hua Huang
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Forest ecosystems play an increasingly important role in the global carbon cycle. However, knowledge on carbon exchanges, their spatio-temporal patterns, and the extent of the key controls that affect carbon fluxes is lacking. In this study, we employed 29-site-years of eddy covariance data to observe the state, spatio-temporal variations and climate sensitivity of carbon fluxes (gross primary productivity (GPP), ecosystem respiration (R eco ), and net ecosystem carbon exchange (NEE)) in four...
Topics: Carbon fluxes, Climate change, Critical factors, Eddy covariance, Forest ecosystems, Path analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Robert Sawyer; Ross Bradstock; Michael Bedward; R. John Morrison
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Knowledge of global C cycle implications from changes to fire regime and climate are of growing importance. Studies on the role of the fire regime in combination with climate change on soil C pools are lacking. We used Bayesian modelling to estimate the soil % total C (% CTot) and % recalcitrant pyrogenic C (% RPC) from field samples collected using a stratified sampling approach. These observations were derived from the following scenarios: 1. Three fire frequencies across three distinctive...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Climate change, Fire frequency, Fire intensity, Pyrogenic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paulo Cardoso; Artur Alves; Paulo Silveira; Carina Sá; Cátia Fidalgo; Rosa Freitas; Etelvina Figueira
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The demand for food with high nutritional value that can sustain the growth of human population while safeguarding sustainability deserves urgent attention. A possible strategy is the inoculation of crops with plant growth promoting (PGP) bacteria. Plants are naturally colonized by bacteria that can exert beneficial effects on growth and stress tolerance. N2 fixation by rhizobia in the root nodules of legumes is a well-known PGP effect. These bacteria can be used as inoculants to boost legumes...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Endophytic bacteria, Plant growth promotion, Wild legumes
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Understanding how soil processes, belowground plant and fungal species composition, and nutrient cycles are altered by disturbances is essential for understanding the role forests play in mitigating global climate change. Here we ask: How are root and fungal communities altered in a mid-successional forest during shifts in dominant tree species composition? This study utilizes the Forest Accelerated Succession ExperimenT (FASET) at the University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS) as a...
Topics: Forest disturbance, Fungi, Mycorrhizae, Nitrogen, Soil
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qing Miao; Mary K. Feeney; Fengxiu Zhang; Eric W. Welch; P. S. Sriraj
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The increase in extreme weather events due to climate change poses serious challenges to public transit systems. These events disrupt transit operations, impair service quality, increase threats to public safety, and damage infrastructure. Despite the growing risk of extreme weather and climate change, little is known about how public managers recognize, experience and address these risks. Using data from a national study of public transit agencies we investigate the types of extreme weather...
Topics: Extreme weather, Public transit, Risk perceptions
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Environmental problems that seriously affect both natural systems and social development of human beings have drawn extensive attention from governing authorities all around the world, and become an urgent issue to be addressed. Ports play a significant role in the international shipping which inevitably influence the global environment. Thus, the concept of green port is developed to mitigate the negative impacts of inappropriate port operations on environment. This paper analyzes the current...
Topics: Green port development, Maritime transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zbigniew Lazar; Nian Liu; Gregory Stephanopoulos
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Concerns about climate change have driven research on the production of lipid-derived biofuels as an alternative and renewable liquid fuel source. Using oleaginous yeasts for lipid synthesis creates the potential for cost-effective industrial-scale operations due to their ability to reach high lipid titer, yield, and productivity resulting from their unique metabolism. Yarrowia lipolytica is the model oleaginous yeast, with the best-studied lipid metabolism, the greatest number of genetic...
Topics: Yarrowia lipolytica, lipid metabolism, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, systems biology
This paper investigates disaster adaptation investments made by two ports competing for shippers in a common hinterland. Each port is a landlord type, consisting of a port authority and a terminal operator that both maximize profits. The probability of a natural disaster, which is related to climate change, is ambiguous at the start of an adaptation investment (Knightian uncertainty), but will be known after the lengthy investment. We examine the impacts of such Knightian uncertainty,...
Topics: Climate change, Inter- and Intra-port cooperation, Knightian uncertainty, Natural disaster, Port...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Incorporation of strategic green infrastructure into urban settings has a potential to mitigate climate change, urban heat island (UHI) effect, flood risk and subsequent increase in quality of human life in general. UHI induces through low surface albedo, building geometry and absence of greenery and it deteriorates the thermal comfort and well-being of city dwellers and occupants. This study examined the implication of urban green infrastructure on enhanced microclimatic condition in tropical...
Topics: ENVI-met, Green infrastructure, Microclimatic mitigation strategies, Urban heat island, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Heba Allah Essam E. Khalil; Abdel Khalek Ibrahim; Noheir Elgendy; Nahla Makhlouf
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Many researches have highlighted the importance of environmental justice, where healthy environment is a right to all. Currently, the most vulnerable groups to climate change are low-income urban dwellers, typically residing in urban informalities within cities of the Global South. In Cairo, the awareness about climate change and responsive consumption is minimal and the increase in temperature could have serious effects on residents' health. In 2012, informalities were reported to house two...
Topics: Open spaces, Urban climate, Urban heat islands
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jean Martial Cohard; Jean Michel Rosant; Fabrice Rodriguez; Hervé Andrieu; Patrice G. Mestayer; Pierre Guillevic
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Urban areas are subject to high human pressure and forthcoming enhanced hydrologic and climatic risks due to both city development and climate change. An asphalt concrete parking lot was instrumented in Nantes, France, to quantify the energy and hydrological responses of the surface to simulated rainfalls. The surface fluxes (precipitation, evaporation, radiation exchanges, sensible heat convection and conduction, runoff) were measured in situ and used to close the water budget with residual...
Topics: Asphalt concrete surface, Eddy-correlation, Scintillometry, Surface evaporation, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sharon Pailler; Magda Tsaneva
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Climate variability has been shown to have adverse effects on morbidity and mortality. Less is known about its effects on psychological well-being, especially in developing countries with agriculture-based economies. In this paper, we test whether extreme temperature and precipitation in India have an effect on self-reported depression symptoms, cognitive and sleep difficulties, and ability to cope with and control life. We use time and geographic variation in weather and show that hot weather...
Topics: Climate variability, India, Psychological well-being
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lingjie Lei; Jianyang Xia; Xiaona Li; Kun Huang; Ang Zhang; Shiping Chen; Ensheng Weng; Yiqi Luo; Shiqiang Wan
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Recent evidences show that terrestrial biogeochemical models have large uncertainty in estimating climate-change effect on grassland net ecosystem productivity (NEP), which is defined as the difference between gross ecosystem photosynthesis (GEP) and respiration (ER). It remains unclear that whether GEP or ER limits the model capability to simulate NEP responses to climate change in semiarid grasslands. Given the surrogate CENTURY-type model is widely used for Earth system modeling, we...
Topics: Carbon cycle, Climate change, Ecosystem respiration, Manipulative experiment, Terrestrial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Golam Saleh Ahmed Salem; So Kazama; Shamsuddin Shahid; Nepal C. Dey
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The objective of the present study was to assess the impacts of climate change on irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region in northwest Bangladesh. An ensemble of general circulation model (GCMs) were used for the projection of climate, an empirical hydrological model based on support vector machine (SVM) was used to simulate groundwater level from climatic variables, and a multiple-linear regression (MLR) model was used to estimate the irrigation cost due to the changes in...
Topics: Global circulation model, Groundwater level, Irrigation cost
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Chris Taylor; Brendan Cullen; Michael D'Occhio; Lauren Rickards; Richard Eckard
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Underestimating the impacts of climate change on agricultural production could lead to complacency about the potential adaptation challenges. This study used a Representative Climate Futures (RCF) approach to model projected wheat yields under climate change in Australia. It simulated the range of impacts, resulting from a subset of individual Global Climate Models (GCMs), on wheat production in the major wheat regions of Australia. The study used RCFs that represented ‘most-likely’...
Topics: Modelling, Representative climate futures, Wheat, crop"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bruno Colling Klein; Mateus Ferreira Chagas; Tassia Lopes Junqueira; Mylene Cristina Alves Ferreira Rezende; Terezinha de Fátima Cardoso; Otavio Cavalett; Antonio Bonomi
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The use of renewable jet fuel (RJF) in substitution to fossil jet fuel is one of the main initiatives towards the reduction of impacts derived from carbon emissions by airline operations. This study compares different routes for RJF production integrated with sugarcane biorefineries in Brazil. Eight scenarios with sugarcane mills annexed to three ASTM−approved RJF production technologies, i.e. Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (HEFA), Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FT), and Alcohol to Jet...
Topics: Biomass, Biorefinery, Life cycle analysis, Renewable jet fuel, Sugarcane, Techno-economic assessment
Dust aerosols are the main aerosol components of the atmosphere that affect climate change, but the contribution of dust devils to the atmospheric dust aerosol budget is uncertain. In this study, a new parameterization scheme for dust devils was established and coupled with WRF-Chem, and the diurnal and monthly variations and the contribution of dust devils to the atmospheric dust aerosol budget in East Asia was simulated. The results show that 1) both the diurnal and monthly variations in dust...
Topics: Atmospheric dust aerosols, Contribution rate, Diurnal variation, Dust devil, Monthly variation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rebecca L. Mau; Paul Dijkstra; Egbert Schwartz; Benjamin J. Koch; Bruce A. Hungate
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Soil contains the largest terrestrial pool of carbon (C), but how this pool will be affected by global change remains unknown. Warmer temperatures generally increase soil respiration, while additional C inputs from plants to soil can increase or decrease soil C decomposition rates through a phenomenon known as priming. Priming occurs when soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition rates change in response to a fresh substrate, though the mechanisms underlying priming are poorly understood. Here,...
Topics: Climate change, Priming, SOM decomposition, Warming
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As atmospheric nitrogen (N) concentrations increase, it can wreak havoc on the entire planet, as well as the fragile ecosystems, once it exceeds the demand of ecosystems. Chronically elevated N deposition affects litter decomposition, which is a crucial process that controls nutrient cycling, soil fertility, and primary productivity. Nevertheless, the responses of litter decomposition and nutrient release to N addition remain elusive. Here we conduct a meta-analysis using 3434 paired...
Topics: Litter decomposition, Meta-analysis, Nitrogen deposition, Nutrient release, Plantation, Secondary...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Beixi Jia; Yuxuan Wang; Shan Huang; Yang Nan; Xuwen Zhou
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We examined the correlations between winter aerosol optical depth (AOD) in North China (NC) and three synoptic-scale meteorological indices from 2001 to 2016, including the Siberian High intensity (SHI), East Asian Winter Monsoon intensity (EAWMI), and the Siberian High Position index (SHPI). To separate the influences from meteorology and emissions, NC AOD was detrended by subtracting a linear increasing trend from 2001 to 2013 and a decreasing trend from 2014 to 2016, in correspondence with...
Topics: Future air quality, North China, Siberian High Position index, Synoptic-scale circulation, Winter...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christopher M. Hamilton; Brooke L. Bateman; Patricia J. Heglund; Jessica M. Gorzo; Wayne E. Thogmartin; M. Zachariah Peery; Volker C. Radeloff; Anna M. Pidgeon
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Climate change is accompanied by shifts in species distributions, as portions of current ranges become less suitable. Maintaining or improving landscape connectivity to facilitate species movements is a primary approach to mitigate the effects of climate change on biodiversity. However, it is not clear how ongoing changes in land use and climate may affect the existing connectivity of landscapes. We evaluated shifts in habitat suitability and connectivity for the imperiled Blanding's turtle...
Topics: Circuitscape, Dispersal, Emissions scenarios, Land use change, Maxent, Species distribution model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lu Gao; Jie Huang; Xingwei Chen; Ying Chen; Meibing Liu
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This study focuses on the analysis of the nonstationarity characteristics of extreme precipitation and their attributions in the southeastern coastal region of China. The maximum daily precipitation (MDP) series is extracted from observations at 79 meteorological stations in the study area during the first flood season (April–June) from 1960 to 2012. The trends of the mean (Mn) and variance (Var) of MDP are detected using the Generalized Additive Models for Location, Scale, and Shape...
Topics: Climate change, Human activity, Nonstationarity, Precipitation, Risk, Trend
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salvador Guzmán-Sánchez; Daniel Jato-Espino; Ignacio Lombillo; Jose Manuel Diaz-Sarachaga
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The sustainability of cities is being influenced by their roofs, which cover a high proportion of built-up areas and whose design is crucial to control their economic, environmental and social impacts in a context of urban sprawl and Climate Change. For this reason, this research developed a Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methodology combining the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) to support the selection...
Topics: Climate scenarios, Expert judgment, Multi-criteria decision analysis, Sustainability
The increasing use of pesticides during the past five decades has highlighted the potential risk posed by pesticides to the environment. The unequivocal presence of pesticide residues in soil, sediment and water samples has raised public and scientific awareness. Pesticides are exposed to environmental conditions and thus they can be degraded by the influence of physical, chemical and biological factors, volatilized, adsorbed by soil colloids and transported offsite by surface runoff and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wei Xie; Jikun Huang; Jinxia Wang; Qi Cui; Ricky Robertson; Kevin Chen
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China's food security has been facing several challenges, which are likely to be worsened due to climate change. The purpose of this paper is to provide an evidence on the impacts of climate change on China's agriculture, with particular attention to the market and trade responses. Using projected crop yield changes for China and its’ main trading partners under changing climate, we employ an agricultural partial equilibrium model (CAPSiM) and a linked national and global equilibrium model...
Topics: Climate change, Food security, Market, Trade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Timothy David Ramm; Christopher Stephen Watson; Christopher John White
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Assessing changing coastal flood risk becomes increasingly uncertain across multi-decadal timeframes. This uncertainty is a fundamental complexity faced in vulnerability assessments and adaptation planning. Robust decision making (RDM) and dynamic adaptive policy pathways (DAPP) are two state-of-the-art decision support methods that are useful in such situations. In this study we use RDM to identify a small set of conditions that cause unacceptable impacts from coastal flooding, signifying that...
Topics: Climate change, Inundation, Tipping point, Uncertainty, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Coastal communities are threatened by the impact of severe storms that may cause significant loss or damage of property and life. The main processes causing such impacts at sandy coastlines and nearby coastal communities are storm erosion, overwash and inundation. Coastal response under present conditions and under predicted climate change has been frequently assessed on the basis of numerical models, which in turn can be also used to evaluate the effectiveness of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)...
Topics: Bayesian network, Coastal barriers, Disaster risk reduction measures, Early warning systems, Hazard...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Recent publications are reviewed in the context of urban health issues possibly resulting from global climate change. The most important phenomena having an impact on health discussed in the paper include increased ultraviolet radiation due to stratospheric ozone, temperature-related effects, precipitation-related effects (both excessive precipitation and drought), vector-borne diseases, and finally air quality, smog-related effects. Among the above, those most directly linked to climate change...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Selma Hurem; Thomas W.K. Fraser; Tȃnia Gomes; Ian Mayer; Terje Christensen
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Environmental UV radiation in sufficient doses, as a possible consequence of climate change, is potent enough to affect living organisms with different outcomes, depending on the exposure life stage. The aim of this project was to evaluate the potentially toxic effects of exposure to sub-lethal and environmentally relevant doses of UVA (9.4, 18. 7, 37.7 J/cm2) and UVB radiation (0.013, 0.025, 0.076 J/cm2) on the development and behaviour in early life stages (4.5–5.5 h post fertilization,...
Topics: Heart rate, Lipid peroxidation, Locomotor, ROS, UV, Zebrafish
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luis R. Vieira; Fernando Morgado; António J.A. Nogueira; Amadeu M.V.M. Soares; Lúcia Guilhermino
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The coastal ecosystems are recognized worldwide by their ecological an economic importance. In these ecosystems, aquatic life is governed by the abiotic variations, therefore, the interactions between natural stressors and anthropogenic pollution (multiple stressors) may represent an additional threat. Thus, considering these combined effects with the climate change scenarios, it is urgent to develop cost-effective tools to assess the impact of pollution on sensitive and important ecosystems,...
Topics: Biomarkers, Coastal lagoon, Early warning indicators, Multiple stressors, Pomatoschistus microps,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Paola Rocchi; Mònica Serrano; Jordi Roca; Iñaki Arto
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Carbon pricing is an essential instrument to address climate change. However international differences in carbon control policies may cause not only carbon leakage but also competitiveness disadvantages. In this context, border carbon adjustments are a promising tool for discouraging these problems. But designing a real-world border carbon adjustment instrument implies to consider significant issues: technical feasibility, data availability, the risk of retaliation from developing countries,...
Topics: Avoided Emissions, Carbon Border Tax, Climate Change, European Union, GHG Emissions, Global Public...
The increasing environmental concerns and the significant growth of the waste to energy market calls for innovative and flexible technology that can effectively process and convert municipal solid waste into fuels and power at high efficiencies. To ensure the technical and economic feasibility of new technology, a sound understanding of the characteristics of the integrated energy system is essential. In this work, a comprehensive techno-economic analysis of a waste to power and heat plant...
Topic: Techno-economic Analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rongqiang Wei; Qingli Zeng; Tim Davies; Guangxiang Yuan; Kaiyang Wang; Xinyu Xue; Qianfeng Yin
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Alpine glaciers and permafrost are sensitive to climate change, and their degradation due to annual temperature increasing has already induced many mass movements such as debris flows. On September 4 of 2007, July 25–31 and September 5–8 of 2010, three large debris flows took place in Tianmo gully, a left-bank tributary of Parlung River, southeast Tibetan Plateau. The debris flows blocked the river, and a section of highway 450 m long including a bridge 76 m long were destroyed by the...
Topics: Deglaciation, Landslide dam-breach, Rock avalanche, Sichuan-Tibet highway/railway
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julian Torres de Miranda Pinto; Oscar Mistage; Patrícia Bilotta; Eckard Helmers
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When attempting to reduce atmospheric emissions, a strategy commonly suggested by experts is the replacement of road transport with rail transport. However, in many countries and for many companies worldwide a complete transition to rail transport of freight is not feasible due to either a lack of available railway infrastructure or high investment costs. With that in mind, this paper aims to assess the potential of road-rail intermodal operations as a strategy to reduce atmospheric emissions,...
Topics: Emissions, Freight, Greenhouse gas, Intermodal, Rails, Roads
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ismael Aranda; David Sánchez-Gómez; Estrella Cadahía; Brígida Fernández de Simón
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The genetic variability within a plant species or population determines the extent to which drought impacts plant function at different levels of biological organization. By disentangling the extent to which drought tolerance is genetically determined within a population, we can get insights of the adaptive capacity of species to cope with climate change at the local scale. We compared the ecophysiological and leaf metabolic responses of different maternal families from a single population of...
Topics: Amino-acids, Beech, Carbohydrates, Drought, Fagus sylvatica, Gas exchange
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. Díaz; R. Carmona; I. J. Mirón; M. Y. Luna; C. Linares
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Many of the studies that analyze the future impact of climate change on mortality assume that the temperature that constitutes a heat wave will not change over time. This is unlikely, however, given the process of adapting to heat changes, prevention plans, and improvements in social and health infrastructure. The objective of this study is to analyze whether, during the 1983–2013 period, there has been a temporal change in the maximum daily temperatures that constitute a heat wave...
Topics: Daily mortality, Heat waves, Impact assessment, Prevention plans, Time trend
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Helen K. Green; Obaghe Edeghere; Alex J. Elliot; Ingemar J. Cox; Roger Morbey; Richard Pebody; Angie Bone; Rachel A. McKendry
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One of the implications of climate change is a predicted increase in frequent and severe heatwaves. The impact of heatwaves on the health of the population is captured through real-time syndromic healthcare surveillance systems monitored daily in England during the summer months. Internet search data could potentially provide improved timeliness and help to assess the wider population health impact of heat by capturing a population sub-group who are symptomatic but do not seek healthcare. A...
Topics: Heat-related illness, Heat-waves, Public health, Syndromic surveillance, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yi Chen; Zhao Zhang; Fulu Tao; Taru Palosuo; Reimund P. Rötter
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Impact of high temperature stress on crop growth and productivity is one key concern with respect to crop production and food security under climate change. Due to the complexity and diversity of crop characteristics and farmers’ management practices, as well as the difficulties in quantifying those agronomic management practices at reasonable temporal and spatial scales, crop responses to heat stress at a regional scale have not been properly assessed yet. In this study, we used...
Topics: Growth duration, Heat stress, LAI, Winter wheat
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Pedro Crespo del Granado; Renger H. van Nieuwkoop; Evangelos G. Kardakos; Christian Schaffner
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Climate change induced policies impose wide-ranging implications throughout the whole energy system and influence various sectors of the economy. To analyse different decarbonization pathways for the energy system, existing models have traditionally focused on specific energy sectors, adopted specific research perspectives, assessed only certain technologies, or studied isolated components and factors of the energy system. However, few efforts have been undertaken to successfully model a...
Topics: Bottom-up/top-down methodologies, Energy transition, Energy-economic system, Linking energy models,...
This study presents inter-annual variability of otolith growth from 1993 to 2011 and cohort specific sex ratios from 1976 to 2011 in blue grenadier Macruronus novaezelandiae on the west coast of Tasmania. Length-at-age data highlighted that M. novaezelandiae females grow larger than males with mean length-at-age statistically diverging by three years of age and remaining separated thereafter. Statistical differences in both cumulative, and age specific otolith increment widths-at-age between...
Topics: Blue grenadier, Otolith increments, Sex ratio, Sexual dimorphism
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by R. P. Rötter; M. Appiah; E. Fichtler; K. C. Kersebaum; M. Trnka; M. P. Hoffmann
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Climate change implies higher frequency and magnitude of agroclimatic extremes threatening plant production and the provision of other ecosystem services. This review is motivated by a mismatch between advances made regarding deeper understanding of abiotic stress physiology and its incorporation into ecophysiological models in order to more accurately quantifying the impacts of extreme events at crop system or higher aggregation levels. Adverse agroclimatic extremes considered most detrimental...
Topics: Drought, Heat, Heavy rain
In the floodplains of Bolivia's western highlands, or Altiplano, farmers, herders, and fishers maintain their livelihoods at water-land interfaces that are riddled with disaster risk. This paper draws on 13 months of fieldwork in the region as well as contemporary press accounts to explore water-land disasters in the Desaguadero River floodplain and Lake Poopó watershed. My analysis builds on Henri Lefebvre's notion of rhythm to articulate a “politics of cyclic dissonance” – struggles...
Topics: Bolivia, Climate change, Drought, Flood, Lake Poopó, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Malak M. Tfaily; Nancy J. Hess; Akihiro Koyama; R. D. Evans
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Little is known about how elevated atmospheric [CO2] will impact the dynamics of soil organic matter (SOM) in arid ecosystems. Evans et al. (2014) reported greater ecosystem carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) concentrations following 10 years exposure to elevated atmospheric [CO2] at the Nevada Desert Free-Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment (FACE) Facility (NDFF). In this study, we investigated potential mechanisms of SOC and total N accumulation and potential SOM stabilization using high resolution mass...
Topics: Mass spectrometry, Soil organic matter
Recent research has shed light on the various tradeoffs involved in carbon forestry, i.e. the pursuit of international forestry projects to help mitigate climate change. This article contributes to these debates by highlighting the importance of resource quality and degradation in evaluating project benefits and tradeoffs. Focusing on the case of an industrial tree plantation in Uganda, the Kachung Forest Project, we highlight how the livelihoods of communities surrounding the reserve have been...
Topics: Carbon forestry, Commodification of nature, Community benefits, Degradation, Resource quality,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Benhong Guo; Zhantao Feng; Meng Li; Xiaomiao Li; Jijun Li; Chunhui Song; Zhijun Zhao; Baotian Pan; Daniel F. Stockli; Junsheng Nie
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The fluvial archives in the upper-reach Yellow River basins provide important information about drainage history of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) associated with geomorphologic evolution and climate change. However, the Pliocene fluvial strata within this region have not been studied in detail, hence limiting the understanding of the late Cenozoic development of regional fluvial systems. In this paper, we present the results of a study of the geochronology, sedimentology, and provenance...
Topics: Fluvial system, Late Pliocene, Provenance, Tibetan Plateau
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Salamatu Abdu; Andrew E. McKechnie; Alan T.K. Lee; Susan J. Cunningham
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Arid-zone birds trade-off dehydration and hyperthermia during hot weather, as they are dependent on evaporative cooling when air temperature approaches or exceeds body temperature. Water points in many arid ecosystems become surrounded by piospheres, exposing drinking birds to high radiant heat loads and exacerbating this trade-off. This challenge will be aggravated under climate warming. One possible mitigation approach is to reduce heat loads birds experience when seeking water. We...
Topics: BACI, Climate change, Dehydration, Hyperthermia, Piosphere, Temperature
This paper adopts a formal model-testing approach to the Peruvian radiocarbon (14C) record, the site of the first aggregate analysis of this type of archaeological data. Using a large and improved regional dataset of radiometric determinations (n = 1180) from the period 14000–3000 14C years before present, the study performs a comparative analysis of the demographic trajectories of two sub-regions, the desert coast and Andean highlands. Against the backdrop of theoretical models of population...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mo Wang; Dong Qing Zhang; Jin Su; Jian Wen Dong; Soon Keat Tan
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Future scenarios modeling has been conducted to investigate the effectiveness of urban stormwater infrastructure and to cater to potential future changes. The changes of quantity and quality of urban stormwater, and attributable to climate change and urbanization, were examined and tested in four urban catchments based on future scenarios modeling. Based on our findings, we observed that there were different degrees of performance corresponding to 2-, 10-, and 100-year design storms. However,...
Topics: Low impact development, Shared socio-economic pathways, Stormwater management, Urbanization
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Expected increases in intensity and frequency of rainfall extremes due to climate change, and increased paving and loss of water storage space in urban areas is making cities more susceptible to pluvial flooding. Evaluating the flood vulnerability of urban areas is a crucial step towards risk mitigation and adaptation planning. In this study, a coupled Geographic Information System and Bayesian Belief Network based flood vulnerability assessment model is proposed. The methodology can quantify...
Topics: Basement flooding, Bayesian Belief Network (BBN), Geographic Information System (GIS), Pluvial...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Wataru Nozawa; Tetsuya Tamaki; Shunsuke Managi
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Determining the optimal combination of mitigation and adaptation investments is an important topic in policy making to combat climate change. Some analytical results on the relationship between the optimal ratio of adaptation to mitigation and development level have been reported in the literature. In this article, we examine this relationship in greater detail using a simple model with general return functional forms and analytically show that the relationship can take various forms. The...
Topics: Adaptation, Cost-benefit analysis, Development level, Mitigation, Optimal investment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Changhang Li; Hongtao Bai; Yuanye Lu; Jinghong Bian; Yan Dong; He Xu
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More methanol is produced and used in China than in any other country. China has a great deal of coal, less oil, and little gas, so the Chinese government is enthusiastically developing the coal-based chemical industry, of which coal-based methanol production is an important part. Coal-based methanol production strongly affects the environment, so the environmental impacts of coal-based methanol production processes must be assessed. Here, two life-cycle assessment models are established using...
Topics: China, Coal coking technology (CCT), Coal gasification technology (CGT), Coal-based methanol...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by N. V. Angelopoulos; J. P. Harvey; J. D. Bolland; A. D. Nunn; R. A.A. Noble; M. A. Smith; M. J. Taylor; J. E.G. Masters; J. Moxon; I. G. Cowx
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Flood Risk Management (FRM) is often essential to reduce the risk of flooding to properties and infrastructure in urban landscapes, but typically degrades the habitats required by many aquatic animals for foraging, refuge and reproduction. This conflict between flood risk management and biodiversity is driven by conflicting directives, such as the EU Floods and Water Framework Directives, and has led to a requirement for synergistic solutions for FRM that integrate river restoration actions....
Topics: Climate change, European directives, Fisheries, Policy, River rehabilitation, Urban river
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mingxi Shen; Jie Chen; Meijia Zhuan; Hua Chen; Chong Yu Xu; Lihua Xiong
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Uncertainty estimation of climate change impacts on hydrology has received much attention in the research community. The choice of a global climate model (GCM) is usually considered as the largest contributor to the uncertainty of climate change impacts. The temporal variation of GCM uncertainty needs to be investigated for making long-term decisions to deal with climate change. Accordingly, this study investigated the temporal variation (mainly long-term) of uncertainty related to the choice...
Topics: Climate change, Hydrology, Temporal variation, Uncertainty
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Looking only at climate change impacts provides partial information about a changing hydrologic regime. Understanding the spatio-temporal nature of change in hydrologic processes, and the explicit contributions from both climate and land use drivers, holds more practical value for water resources management and policy intervention. This study presents a comprehensive assessment on the spatio-temporal trend of Blue Water (BW) and Green Water (GW) in a 490,000 km2 temperate mid-latitude basin...
Topic: SWAT
Concerns about intergenerational equity have led to an influential practice of setting social utility discount rates based on ethical considerations rather than to match household behavior, particularly in climate change economics (e.g., Stern, 2006). This paper formalizes the broader policy implications of this approach in general equilibrium by characterizing jointly optimal environmental and fiscal policies in a climate-economy model with differential planner-household discounting. First, I...
Topics: Carbon taxes, Discounting, Distortionary taxes, General equilibrium climate-economy model, Ramsey...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Luisa Maria Diele-Viegas; Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha
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In recent decades, changes in climate have caused impacts on natural and human systems on all continents and across the oceans and many species have shifted their geographic ranges, seasonal activities, migration patterns, abundances and interactions in response to these changes. Projections of future climate change are uncertain, but the Earth's warming is likely to exceed 4.8 °C by the end of 21th century. The vulnerability of a population, species, group or system due to climate change is a...
Topics: Behavior, Climate change, Genetics, Reproductive biology, Rhynchocephalia, Species distributions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Eliseba García; José Carlos Hernández; Sabrina Clemente
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Ocean warming and acidification are the two most significant side effects of carbone dioxide emissions in the world's oceans. By changing water, temperature and pH are the main environmental factors controlling the distribution, physiology, morphology and behaviour of marine invertebrates. This study evaluated the combined effects of predicted high temperature levels, and predicted low pH values, on fertilization and early development stages of the sea urchins Arbacia lixula, Paracentrotus...
Topics: Climate change, Early development, Fertilization, Sea urchins, Temperature, pH
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yao Zhang; Sha Zhou; Manish Verma; Joanna Joiner; Luis Guanter; Ying Sun; Xi Yang; Eugénie Paul-Limoges; Christopher M. Gough; Georg Wohlfahrt; Beniamino Gioli; Christiaan van der Tol; Nouvellon Yann
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Spatially and temporally continuous estimation of plant photosynthetic carbon fixation (or gross primary production, GPP) is crucial to our understanding of the global carbon cycle and the impact of climate change. Besides spatial, seasonal and interannual variations, GPP also exhibits strong diurnal variations. Satellite retrieved solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) provides a spatially continuous, but temporally discrete measurement of plant photosynthesis, and has the potential to...
Topics: FLUXNET, FluxCom, Light use efficiency, Phenology, Photosynthetically active radiation, SCOPE
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Shafique; Reeho Kim; Muhammad Rafiq
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Research on the green roof has been raised expeditiously over the past decade. Green roof have been proposed as the sustainable practice to mitigate the adverse effects of urbanization. This review paper includes the history of the green roof, green roof components and multiple benefits (environmental, social and economical) associated with the green roof technology. This paper also emphasizes how the green roof works in different areas, their performance in reducing the stormwater and energy...
Topics: Advanced modification, Benefits, Components, Green roof, Promotional policies, Retrofitting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by F. Frappart; P. Azemar; P. L. Vu; T. Le Toan; B. Lubac; J. Darrozes
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Lakes and reservoirs have been identified as sentinels of climate change. Tonle Sap is the largest lake in both the Mekong Basin and Southeast Asia and because of the importance of its ecosystem, it is has been described as the “heart of the lower Mekong”. Its seasonal cycle depends on the annual flood pulse governed by the flow of the Mekong River. This study provides an impact analysis of recent climatic events from El Niño 1997/1998 to El Niño 2015/2016 on surface storage variations in...
Topics: ENSO, EVI, Mekong Basin, Monsoon, Multi-satellite, PDO, Rainfall, Surface water storage
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thadeu Sobral-Souza; Maurício Humberto Vancine; Milton Cezar Ribeiro; Matheus S. Lima-Ribeiro
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The Amazon and Atlantic Forest are considered the world's most biodiverse biomes. Human and climate change impacts are the principal drivers of species loss in both biomes, more severely in the Atlantic Forest. In response to species loss, the main conservation action is the creation of protected areas (PAs). Current knowledge and research on the PA network's conservation efficiency is scarce, and existing studies have mainly considered a past temporal view. In this study, we tested the...
Topics: Niche modeling, Paleoclimate simulation, Tropical forests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by S. Pellegrini; A. E. Agnelli; M. C. Andrenelli; R. Barbetti; G. Lo Papa; S. Priori; E. A.C. Costantini
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This research aimed at testing the use of present and past climosequences to estimate soil organic carbon (SOC) and related physical quality indicators under future climatic conditions. The influence of climate on soil features was studied for four combinations of typical Mediterranean soil types and cropping systems, placed along climosequences of the past (P1: 1961–1990), present (P2: 1981–2010) and future (P3: 2021–2050). The four test areas were located in Italy, each one...
Topics: Climate change, Cropping system, Mediterranean, Soil physics, Soil quality indicators, Soil type
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by C. M. Stephens; F. M. Johnson; L. A. Marshall
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Event-based hydrologic models are frequently used for flood design and assessment. These models generally require the specification of loss values that should relate to antecedent conditions in the catchment. The loss values are key calibration parameters, usually defined by matching model output with recorded or derived streamflow information. It is now widely recognized that climate change will impact the hydrologic cycle and affect catchment conditions. Therefore, loss values calibrated...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. R. Desjardins; A. Whiteman; I. Casas; E. Delmelle
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Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) infect over one billion people and are responsible for over one million deaths each year, globally. Chikungunya (CHIK) and Dengue Fever (DENF) are emerging VBDs due to overpopulation, increases in urbanization, climate change, and other factors. Colombia has recently experienced severe outbreaks of CHIK AND DENF. Both viruses are transmitted by the Aedes mosquitoes and are preventable with a variety of surveillance and vector control measures (e.g. insecticides,...
Topics: Clusters, Colombia, GIS, Space-time statistics, Vector-borne diseases
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jianqing Wang; Lianqing Li; Shu Kee Lam; Xuhui Zhang; Xiaoyu Liu; Genxing Pan
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Global climate change with elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration and temperature has been known impacting plant photosynthesis and grain yield in agroecosystems. However, how nutrient uptake and utilization by rice change under climate change stresses has been poorly addressed. An open-air field experiment was conducted to investigate the impacts of factorial combinations of CO2 enrichment (up to 500 ppm) and canopy warming (+2 °C) on nutrient concentration (PNC), accumulation (PNA) and...
Topics: Climate change, Elevated air temperature, Free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE), Nutrient dynamic,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Tariq; Sajjad Hussain; Zartash Fatima; Wajid Nasim; Muhammad Mubeen; Muhammad Habib ur Rehman; Muhammad Azam Khan; Muhammad Adnan; Carol Jo Wilkerson; Gerrit Hoogenboom
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Understanding the effects of warming trends, genetics, and management on crop phenology is crucial for adaptation against the increasing trend in temperature in the upcoming decades. The goal of this research was to quantify the impact of historic climate warming and management on sunflower phenology (stages and phases). In this project, spring and fall sunflower phenology and daily weather data were obtained for 20 locations in Punjab, Pakistan. We investigated the impact of thermal trend on...
Topics: Anthesis, Cultivar shift, Growing season, Helianthus annuus L., Maturity, Sowing dates, Thermal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tien Dung Khong; Michael D. Young; Adam Loch; Jayanthi Thennakoon
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Sea level rise and upstream development is causing salinity intrusion in Vietnam's Mekong River Delta (MRD) and, as a consequence, agricultural productivity is declining. As the Vietnamese government and local communities search for a solution, it has become apparent that there are insufficient public resources to build the dykes necessary to control this problem. So, we employ a referendum contingent valuation methodology (CVM) to determine whether or not farm households might be willing to...
Topics: Climate change, Referendum, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change and salinisation present substantial challenges to the sustainability of cropping systems in south-west coastal Bangladesh. This is the third paper in a series reporting a study to assess the impacts of climate change and salinity on the productivity and economic viability of ten current and potential rice-based cropping systems in two coastal villages in Khulna District. In this paper, possible adaptations are assessed, including novel dry-season crops, changed fertilizer use,...
Topics: Salinization, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Camila R. Guetter; Marion C. Henry; Marie Crandall; Mecker G. Möller; Janet Elizabeth Tuttle-Newhall; Sharon Stein
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Background: Climate change will affect most populations in the next decades and put the health of billions of people at risk. Health care facilities represent a significant source of pollution around the world and contribute to environmental changes. To address this topic, we performed a review of the available literature on tactics to reduce operating room (OR) waste and the potential of these strategies to impact the environment. Data Sources: A literature search was performed querying...
Topics: Climate change, Global surgery, Global warming, Operating room waste reduction, Recycling,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. P. Chen; G. Huang; B. W. Baetz; Q. G. Lin; C. Dong
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This study developed an inexact optimization modelling approach for supporting regional energy systems decision-making and greenhouse gas emission mitigation under uncertainty. The developed model integrates multiple inexact optimization programming approaches, incorporating interval linear programming, mixed-integer programming, and chance-constrained programming in an optimization framework. Uncertainties expressed as interval values and probabilistic distributions can be effectively handled....
Topics: Optimization, System analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by María A. Díaz; Horacio E. Bown; Juan P. Fuentes; Amanda M. Martínez
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Carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) are greenhouse gases (GHG), which sustained increase in the atmosphere contribute to global warming and climate change. The GHG fluxes of soils are strongly controlled by water content, temperature, plant and microbial communities and soil management. The Chilean sclerophyllous ecosystem is a global biodiversity hotspot historically and increasingly threatened by human activity. The aim of this study was to compare soil CH4 (and CO2) fluxes, under...
Topics: Air filled porosity, Carbon dioxide, Methane, Sclerophyllous, Soils
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Weiqi Wang; Chun Wang; Jordi Sardans; Chuan Tong; Linmei Ouyang; Dolores Asensio; Albert Gargallo-Garriga; Josep Peñuelas
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Projections of climate change impacts over the coming decades suggest that rising sea level will flood coastal wetlands. We studied the impacts of three intensities of flooding on litter decomposition in the native Cyperus malaccensis, and the invasives Spartina alterniflora and Phragmites australis in Shanyutan wetland (Minjiang River estuary, China). Invasive species had larger C, N and P stocks in plant-litter compartments and higher fluxes among plant-litter-soil, which increased with...
Topics: Carbon, China, Climate change, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Plant invasion, Sea level, Stoichiometry,...
A Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) model, which uses the FAO-56 Penman–Monteith equation to calculate potential evapotranspiration, has been developed and is considered appropriate for drought monitoring and assessment. However, the correlation of SPEI to total water storage (TWS) across multiple timescales, derived from future climate scenarios, is still unclear for China. In this study, the correlation of SPEI on different timescales (1-, 3-, 6-, 12-, 24- and...
Topics: SPEI, Total water storage