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Incoming and Unsorted Zines
Jan 23, 2021 Sabina Gartler
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Texts and Illustrations
Topics: medicine, reishi, mushroom, eee, joanie, hamburger, portobello, teaspoon, queen, caps
Incoming and Unsorted Zines
Jan 23, 2021 Sabina Gartler
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Texts and Illustrations
Topics: coe, sood, erate, cavort, ofthe, fae, aes, saad, ees, sayt
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 23, 2021 Federica Scandolo
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Underground lifestyle zine
Topics: che, fiori, anche, fiorista, una, dei, ogni, della, sono, fiore, plastic flower, fake plastic
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 23, 2021 SHARON NICOLE COLE
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Stories and illustrations
Topics: dream, purgatory, button, agream, drea, bear, eee, ream, ursa, eam, dream dream, great bear, lost...
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 23, 2021 BluRaven C. Houvener
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Comic book
Topics: houvener, bluraven, fear, fatie, zine, aes, trth, humor, oro, senos
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 23, 2021 Coppi-Pretzel
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Short novel with images
Topics: herbert, ahaberstein, anus, captain, rectal, rudia, began, sgqmcplo, cosmic, sardine, captain...
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 23, 2021 Juju Guyver / Jasmine Kahlia
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Text and pictures
Topics: anxiety, stole, jasmine, ppl, faiu, nights, curse, filled
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 22, 2021 perpetualwasteandrepair
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Porno fanzine
Topics: sss, koons, mee, tragic, madjnta, twork, verasa, continte, edl, staller
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 22, 2021 Juju Guyver / Jasmine Kahlia
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Digital collages
Topics: feelin, gurls, aint, guals, bout, wid, mystic, chattin, gurl, creps, file edit, edit view, start...
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 22, 2021 Amy Lynn Dixon
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a megaphone for the people who scream into the darkness and let the echoes of night wash over this hellish landscape
Topics: eee, eer, ford, oeark, varieas, pte, ysas, zine, kony, tks
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 22, 2021 Stephanie Aliaga (Mujeristas Collective)
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Soy Mujerista features twenty-five Latina artists and writers across the United States, defining and constructing mujerismo on our own terms. Individually and collectively, we are illustrating and narrating what it means to be a Mujerista. As an exploration and elaboration to Isasi-Diaz’s ideology, we present to you our three elements: Familia, Patria and Mujerista.
Topics: mujerista, mujeristas, soy, krystal, collective, familia, dos, morenos, morena, patria, mujeristas...
Sherwood Forest Zine Library
Jan 22, 2021 J.B.
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Pictures and testimonials on an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Missouri
Topics: jefferson, antonia, missouri, county, town, louis, roving, lemay, booth, jefferson county, mary...
Sketch Stacks
Jan 7, 2021 House Committee on Veterans' Affairs
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https://veterans.house.gov/news/press-releases/house-committee-on-veterans-affairs-approves-official-report-on-spoofing-and-the-exploitation-of-veterans-online Today’s investigative hearing is entitled “Hijacking Our Heroes: Exploiting Veterans through Disinformation on Social Media.” Over the past three years, there has been an increasing awareness of how foreign actors have sought to infiltrate and influence our elections.  Manipulation of social media networks, a major source of news...
Folkscanomy Computer: Inbox and Miscellaneous
Dec 26, 2019 Jason Scott
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This is a compilation of Apple II "Pirate Crack Screens" from several decades of Apple II programs, assembled from hundreds of thousands of screenshots generated automatically by a custom system at the Internet Archive. After "cracking" (de-protecting) Apple II programs, some pirates would modify title screens or add additional ones crediting their achievement, giving shout-outs to other individuals and groups, and listing BBS phone numbers to call for access to more...
Topics: Apple, Pirates, Apple II
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
Nov 6, 2019 Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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39 2nl
Computer Newsletters: User Groups and Flyers
Nov 6, 2019 Glenside Color Computer Club, Inc.
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39 1nl
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 285 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 284 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 283 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 282 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 281 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 280 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 279 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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UFO Mail No 278 2019
UFO Newsletters from the Archives For the Unexplained
Oct 16, 2019
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SUFOI Annual Report 2019
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Patricia V. Adem
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Rickettsial organisms are a diverse group of obligate intracellular bacteria; all species known to cause human disease are dependent on an arthropod vector and many are considered zoonotic diseases. Typical vectors of rickettsia are fleas, ticks, mites or lice. Humans become infected either when bitten or upon contact of broken skin or mucous membranes by infected secretions from an arthropod vector. The emergence and re-emergence of rickettsial diseases is a serious public health concern in...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Michael Knapp; Jessica E. Thomas; James Haile; Stefan Prost; Simon Y.W. Ho; Nicolas Dussex; Sophia Cameron-Christie; Olga Kardailsky; Michael Bunce; M. Thomas P. Gilbert; R. Paul Scofield
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Prior to human arrival in the 13th century, two large birds of prey were the top predators in New Zealand. In the absence of non-volant mammals, the extinct Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus moorei), the largest eagle in the world, and the extinct Eyles' harrier (Circus teauteensis) the largest harrier in the world, had filled ecological niches that are on other landmasses occupied by animals such as large cats or canines. The evolutionary and biogeographic history of these island giants has long been...
Topics: Ancient DNA, Climate change, Extinction, Island gigantism, New Zealand megafauna, Trans-Tasman...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Jim N. Underwood; Michael J. Travers; Michael Snow; Marji Puotinen; Gavin Gouws
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Coral reef health and biodiversity is under threat worldwide due to rapid climate change. However, much of the inter- and intra-specific diversity of coral reefs are undescribed even in well studied taxa such as fish. Delimiting previously unrecognised diversity is important for understanding the processes that generate and sustain biodiversity in coral reef ecosystems and informing strategies for their conservation and management. Many taxa that inhabit geographically isolated coral reefs rely...
Topics: Apogonidae, Cheilodipterus artus, Cryptic diversity, Ecological divergence, Evolutionarily...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Madhava Meegaskumbura; Christopher J. Schneider
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Pseudophilautus comprises an endemic diversification predominantly associated with the wet tropical regions of Sri Lanka that provides an opportunity to examine the effects of geography and historical climate change on diversification. Using a time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny, we analyze the tempo of diversification in the context of past climate and geography to identify historical drivers of current patterns of diversity and distribution. Molecular dating suggests that the diversification...
Topics: Ancestral-area reconstruction, Biogeography, Diversification, Ecological opportunity, Molecular...
Exploring the effects of orographic events and climatic shifts on geographic distribution of organism in the Hengduan Mountains Region (HMR) and its eastern adjacent area is crucial to the understanding of the environmental changes to organismal evolution. To gain further insight into these processes, we reconstruct evolutionary history of ten species in Allium section Sikkimensia, distributed across regions abovementioned. Using chloroplast and nuclear sequence variation of 79 populations of...
Topics: Allium section Sikkimensia, Environmental changes, Hengduan Mountains Region, Morphological...
In many passerine birds, testosterone stimulates song and aggression but inhibits paternal care, but few studies have explored whether such effects can be reversed with testosterone blockers. We explored the effect of testosterone blockers on song, aggression and paternal care of Lapland longspurs (Calcarius lapponicus), an arctic passerine with a short breeding season. Twenty-one “blocker males” received implants containing an androgen receptor blocker and an aromatase inhibitor, compared...
Topics: Aggression, Arctic, Climate change, Parental care, Short season hypothesis, Song, Territoriality,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Phenotypic effects of global warming have been documented in many different taxa. However, the importance of transgenerational phenotypic plasticity in these adaptations are seldom studied. In birds, temperature could affect egg characteristics. Higher temperatures during egg-laying may reduce maintenance costs for females and allow a higher investment in reproduction. Yet, females may also use temperatures as a cue for the risk of mismatch latter in the season. Thus, higher temperatures may be...
Topics: Eggshell coloration, Global warming, Lysozymes, Testosterone
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 John F. Cockrem; Mohammad A. Bahry; Vishwajit S. Chowdhury
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Fish can respond to stimuli from the internal or external environment with activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis and the secretion of cortisol. Stimuli that activate the HPI axis of fish include short term air exposure and increases in water temperature. The present study was conducted to determine how quickly cortisol concentrations increase in goldfish subjected to an increase in water temperature, and to compare the response to an increase in water temperature with...
Topics: Air exposure, Cortisol, Fish, Heating, Temperature, Variation
Agricultural water management is becoming a critical issue in many parts of the world and cost-effective water policies are required to control water use. We examine the case study of irrigated agriculture in Beauce, France (9750 km 2 , Europe's largest cereal producing region). We explore the mechanisms for water abstraction control involving a combination of regulatory and economic instruments. The analysis is conducted with a hydro-economic model that includes a calibrated economic model and...
Topics: Beauce, Climate change, Hydro-economic modelling, Irrigation, Robustness, Water scarcity
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Erwin Knippenberg; Nathaniel Jensen; Mark Constas
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Resilience as a metric is of growing interest to development researchers and practitioners, particularly for those whose work concerns the effects of climate change, conflict and epidemics. The growing need for resilience measurements motivates this research, measurements that reflect the complex, dynamic features of welfare among populations living in shock-prone contexts. It presents insights from three measurement approaches to explore the dynamic, intra-annual effects of shocks on household...
Topics: Machine learning, Malawi, Resilience, Shocks
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Han Overman; Anthony R. Cummings; Jeffrey B. Luzar; Jose M.V. Fragoso
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Prominent recent evaluations of global research on REDD+ progress (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) conclude that ‘progress has been slower than expected’, ‘deforestation and degradation are deeply-rooted in powerful business-as-usual interests’ and that ‘[f]or the most part, new coalitions calling for change in forest governance have failed to overcome business-as-usual deforestation.’ Others have earlier pointed out that REDD+ will incentivize land...
Topics: Land grabbing, Private state revenue ratios, REDD+ economic competitiveness
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Samuel Sellers; Clark Gray
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Climate change is likely to induce a large range of household- and individual-level responses, including changes in human fertility behaviors and outcomes. These responses may have important implications for human and economic development and women's empowerment. Drawing on the literature linking climate conditions to rice cultivation in Indonesia, we use longitudinal household survey and high-resolution climate data to explore changes in childbearing intentions, family planning use, and births...
Topics: Environmental shock, Family planning, Indonesia, Reproductive health, Southeast Asia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Belén Fernández Milmanda; Candelaria Garay
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In a context of booming commodity prices, what factors drive subnational authorities to implement forest protection regulations in active agricultural frontiers?. Focusing on one of the world's deforestation hotspots, the Argentine Chaco Forest, we argue that subnational variation in the implementation of forest protection legislation is driven by governors’ attempts to avoid conflict produced by agricultural expansion. Through process tracing, we show how governors’ implementation...
Topics: Deforestation, Environmental politics, Institutional enforcement, Subnational politics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Solomon Asfaw; Antonio Scognamillo; Gloria Di Caprera; Adriana Ignaciuk
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This article investigates the empirical linkages between crop and livelihood diversification strategies, extreme weather events, and household welfare using a unique dataset that integrates harmonized, national representative household surveys and geo-referenced climatic information collected in Malawi, Niger and Zambia. In doing so, the paper addresses the potential endogeneity arising from the selection bias and the heterogeneity of the effect across the quantiles of the income distribution....
Topics: Climate change, Diversification, Impact, Livelihood strategy, SSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Todd Pugatch
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Extreme weather induced by climate change can have major consequences for human health. In this study, I quantify the effect of tropical storm frequency and severity on mortality using objective meteorological data and the universe of vital statistics records from a large developing country, Mexico. Using a measure of storm exposure that accounts for both windspeed dispersion and population density along the storm track, I project changes in past storm-related mortality under various scenarios...
Topics: Climate change, Developing countries, Human health, Human mortality, Hurricanes, Latin America,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Maia Call; Clark Gray; Pamela Jagger
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Recent research suggests that sub-Saharan Africa will be among the regions most affected by the negative social and biophysical ramifications of climate change. Smallholders are expected to respond to rising temperatures and precipitation anomalies through on-farm management strategies and diversification into off-farm activities. However, few studies have empirically examined the relationship between climate anomalies and rural livelihoods. Our research explores the impact of climate anomalies...
Topics: Climate change, Rural livelihoods, Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Marie Hyland; Jason Russ
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We examine the long-term impacts of drought exposure on women born in 19 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, across four decades. We find that women who were exposed to drought conditions during their early childhood are significantly less wealthy as adults. These effects are confined to women born and raised in rural households, indicating that the impacts of rainfall are felt via changes in agricultural output. In addition to lower levels of wealth, women who experience droughts in infancy also...
Topics: Climate change, Drought, Fetal origins hypothesis, Human capital, Intergenerational effects
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) requires local stakeholders to participate by sharing their comments on CDM activities. This stipulation aims at promoting social equity, a key element of sustainable development. We draw on the stakeholder theory to examine the local stakeholder participatory process in CDM in four Latin American countries – Brazil, Honduras, Mexico, and Peru. We analyze 625 projects using cluster analysis...
Topics: Participation, Stakeholder Theory, Sustainable Development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Sébastien Desbureaux; Aude Sophie Rodella
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While the harmful impact of droughts is well-documented in rural areas, how droughts affect cities’ economies remains an open question. Using monthly labour force surveys from 78 cities in Latin America, we demonstrate that large sustained dry events decrease the probability of being employed, hourly wages, hours worked, and labour incomes. Informal workers are impacted the most. We highlight that the impact of droughts is larger than the impact of wet events, like those that cause floods....
Topics: Climate change, Droughts, Labour markets, Latin America, Urban economics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Giorgia Faraca; Vincent M. Edjabou; Alessio Boldrin; Thomas Astrup
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Europe is currently adapting its waste management strategies towards the increased recycling of waste materials, motivated by ambitious recycling targets. This requires correctly sorting and recovering of all relevant waste flows. In Denmark, a considerable share of residential household waste is collected at recycling centres, 16% of which is sent to energy recovery in the form of “small combustible waste”. Although essential in order to enhance the management of household waste, very...
Topics: Circular economy, Climate change, Contamination, Life cycle assessment, Recycling rate, Sampling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Marieke ten Hoeve; Sander Bruun; Lars S. Jensen; Thomas H. Christensen
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A life cycle assessment (LCA) was performed on five garden waste treatment practices: the production of mature compost including the woody fraction (MCIW), the production of mature compost without the woody fraction (MCWW), the production of immature compost without the woody fraction (ICWW), fresh garden waste including the woody fraction (GWIW) and fresh garden waste without the woody fraction (GWWW). The assessment included carbon sequestration after land application of the garden waste and...
Topics: Carbon sequestration, Composting, Incineration, Nitrate leaching, Organic fertiliser, Use on land
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Thilde B. Thomasen; Charlotte Scheutz; Peter Kjeldsen
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Landfills are significant sources of anthropogenic atmospheric methane (CH4), which contributes to climate change. Large amounts of CH4 are emitted from landfills in dilute form due to mixing with air in leachate collection systems, or during lateral migration away from landfills. The objective of this study was to investigate the CH4 oxidation efficiency of a compost material subject to LFG diluted with atmospheric air resulting in CH4 concentrations of 5–10% v/v. CH4 oxidation rates and...
Topics: Air supply, Carbon mass balance, Compost, Compost respiration, Methane oxidation, Open biofilter,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Tsuyoshi Kinouchi; Takashi Nakajima; Javier Mendoza; Pablo Fuchs; Yoshihiro Asaoka
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Water resources in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia strongly depend on runoff from mountain catchments in the Cordillera Real, Andes. The balance between the water available from the source catchments and the demand of the cities has become precarious during recent years because of an increasing population and the runoff variability caused by climate change. In this study, a first-order estimate of the future water supply and demand for the El Alto system, the most rapidly growing area in La Paz and...
Topics: Andes, Climate change, La Paz and El Alto, Population growth, Water scarcity, Water supply and...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 M. M. Rahman; G. Penny; M. S. Mondal; M. H. Zaman; A. Kryston; M. Salehin; Q. Nahar; D. Bolster; J. L. Tank; M. F. Müller
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Salinization of freshwater and soils is a global phenomenon that adversely affects 500 million people, particularly in low-lying river deltas. Impacts of salinity on food and water security and agricultural livelihoods are well documented and reviewed herein, along with additional effects on human health that have received less attention and warrant further study. Populations forced to consume saline waters display increased occurrence of diseases such as hypertension in Bangladesh,...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate change, Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, River delta, Salinity
Conditions of elevated temperature and CO 2 levels [30 °C and 970 parts-per-million (ppm), respectively] reduced the systemic titers of a potato virus Y (PVY) isolate in Nicotiana benthamiana plants, relative to standard conditions (25 °C, ~405 ppm CO 2 ). Under controlled conditions we studied how these growing environments affected the transmission of infection by aphids. Probabilities of transmission of infection by insects that fed on infected donor plants kept at either standard...
Topics: Climate-change and dispersal of plant viruses, Environment and plant virus transmission by insects,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Martin Gutsch; Neele Larondelle; Dagmar Haase
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Larger forest patches in urban areas are highly valuable recreation sites that provide the urban population with various ecosystem services. Yet they are highly vulnerable to biological pests, especially in the light of climate change. The growing need to intervene against forest pests needs to be clearly but carefully communicated to the urban forest visitors in order to minimize conflicts. In this paper, a survey with 554 complete responses, conducted in the forest district of the...
Topics: Berlin, Perception, Survey, Tree pest, Urban forest
Trees are not evenly distributed across urbanized areas and there is evidence that Black, Hispanic, and low-income residents have lower proximal tree canopy coverage. The complex interplay between social policy and the built/physical environment contributes to these outcomes, but much of the research on environmental justice focuses on either producing evidence of inequity or assessing policy to determine its effect on the physical environment. This paper attempts to unite those two approaches...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental justice, Remote sensing, Urban heat island, Urban tree canopy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Mohammad A. Rahman; Astrid Moser; Marshal Anderson; Chi Zhang; Thomas Rötzer; Stephan Pauleit
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With ongoing urbanization and climate change our cities are continuously becoming warmer and susceptible to flash flooding. A wide array of green infrastructure including urban trees is getting attention to mitigate those problems; however, magnitude, patterns and processes of hydrological functional capacity of different tree species at micro-scales are largely unknown. We measured morphology, above and below ground growth of two ecologically contrasting street tree species at two streets in...
Topics: Climate change, Evapotranspiration, Fine roots, Flash flooding, Soil hydraulic conductivity,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Stephan Pauleit; Dagmar Haase; Birgit Elands; Rieke Hansen; Ingo Kowarik; Jakub Kronenberg; Thomas Mattijssen; Anton Stahl Olafsson; Emily Rall; Alexander P.N. van der Jagt; Cecil Konijnendijk van den Bosch
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Urban green infrastructure (UGI)is a promising concept when developing multifunctional green space systems to address major challenges of urbanization such as increasing social cohesion, promoting the transition to a green economy, adaptation to climate change and conservation of biodiversity. In response to the European Commission's Communication on Green Infrastructure from 2013, the GREEN SURGE project aimed to further advance the development of UGI in European cities by (i)strengthening the...
Topics: GREEN SURGE, Green governance and planning, Green infrastructure, Sustainable urbanisation, Urban...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 C. De la Sota; V. J. Ruffato-Ferreira; L. Ruiz-García; S. Alvarez
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Sustainable development challenges are increasingly concentrated in urban areas. In the European Union (EU), cities are expanding their urban green infrastructure (UGI)to reduce the effects of climate change and enhance resilience and sustainability. However, there exist few articles showing local case studies in intermediate cities of Europe. The aim of this study is to analyse the climate change mitigation potential of a set of urban forests and agriculture actions implemented within the EU...
Topics: Biocapacity, Carbon dioxide reduction, Ecological footprint, Sustainable urban development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 David Neil Bird; Rosmarie de Wit; Hannes Peter Schwaiger; Konrad Andre; Martin Beermann; Maja Žuvela-Aloise
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Climate change is expected to increase temperatures worldwide and exacerbate urban heat load due to the urban heat island effect. Urban populations will be more exposed to climate change impacts on human health and mortality as compared to citizens living in rural areas. To adapt, urban populations will increase the use of air conditioning and an increase in electricity consumption for cooling is forecast. We use a top-down method, based on the hourly electricity consumption and daily...
Topics: Air conditioning, Climate change, Human comfort, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Bikramaditya K. Choudhary; Arun Kumar Tripathi; Jeetesh Rai
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Cities, especially in the poor countries, are competing with one another to generate higher growth. Such competition makes everything including the environment subservient to ‘technology’. As a consequence, they are faced with extreme weather events and are therefore important in the context of responding to climate change. They are increasingly being recognised as having unique climate risks and specific vulnerabilities due to higher concentration of people and activities. Adaptation seems...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Response, Urban authorities, Vulnerability
The effects of climate change and urban heat islands are predicted to grow and compound in the future. In the context of urban heat becoming an increasing problem, this article explores the extent to which this is recognised in media. Our findings show that the issue of the urban heat island (UHI) effect appeared on media agendas over the period studied and that predominantly the issue of UHI was framed in four ways. The top-down mitigation frame focused on the proactive approach of local...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental policy, Framing, Media, Urban greening, Urban heat island
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Hojatollah Kakaei; Fariborz Omidi; Roohollah Ghasemi; Maryam Ramin Sabet; Farideh Golbabaei
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The WBGT index is a common method to evaluate heat stress in the workplaces based on human physiological responses to environmental conditions. This systematic and meta-analysis study was aimed to estimate the mean value of the WBGT index in industries. The search protocol of this study was carried out according to PRISMA checklist. According to the heterogeneity of studies, a meta-analysis was done using a random effects model. The total value of WBGT index in the world according to this study...
Topics: Climate change, Indoor and outdoor heat stress, Meta-analysis and systematic review, WBGT Index
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Kathryn A. Smith; Paul T. Oesterle; Claire M. Jardine; Chris Huynh; Robbin Lindsay; David L. Pearl; Nicole M. Nemeth
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The growing risk of transmission of tick-borne zoonotic pathogens to humans in Ontario, Canada, warrants investigations into regional tick distribution, tick burdens of local peridomestic animals, and prevalence of tick-borne pathogens. The objectives of this study were to investigate the geographic distribution and magnitude of tick infestations in opportunistically sampled mammalian wildlife and companion animals (i.e., dogs) in southern Ontario and to test these ticks for evidence of...
Topics: Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Canada, Ixodes scapularis, Ticks,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Facing the dangers posed by climate change, the mobility sector needs to undergo a transition towards sustainability. One way of reducing emissions in traffic is to establish the use of electric vehicles. However, given current market shares in Germany, the envisaged regime change from traditional combustion to electric engines seems rather unlikely, triggering the search for new options for dynamic market growth. Recent research has shown consumers’ insufficient knowledge and high...
Topics: Mobility, Quantitative model, Technology acceptance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Peter W. Guiden; Savannah L. Bartel; Nathan W. Byer; Amy A. Shipley; John L. Orrock
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Ecological novelty, when conditions deviate from a historical baseline, is increasingly common as humans modify habitats and communities across the globe. Our ability to anticipate how novelty changes predator–prey interactions will likely hinge upon the explicit evaluation of multiple forms of novelty, rather than a focus on single forms of novelty (e.g., invasive predators or climate change). We provide a framework to assess how multiple forms of novelty can act, alone or in concert, on...
Topics: antipredator behavior, predation sequence, species interaction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Graziella Iossa
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Critical thermal limits (CTLs) are established viability thresholds when studying the impact of climate change on natural populations. Novel thermal fertility limits (TFLs) of species have been proposed alongside CTLs, to better assess the sublethal effects of rising temperatures on species persistence. However, sex-specific sensitivity of fertility to temperature also needs consideration.
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Neil Hammerschlag; Oswald J. Schmitz; Alexander S. Flecker; Kevin D. Lafferty; Trisha B. Atwood; Austin J. Gallagher; Duncan J. Irschick; Rachel Skubel; Steven J. Cooke
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Arguments for the need to conserve aquatic predator (AP) populations often focus on the ecological and socioeconomic roles they play. Here, we summarize the diverse ecosystem functions and services connected to APs, including regulating food webs, cycling nutrients, engineering habitats, transmitting diseases/parasites, mediating ecological invasions, affecting climate, supporting fisheries, generating tourism, and providing bioinspiration. In some cases, human-driven declines and increases in...
Topics: ecosystem effects, lake, ocean, predator, river, trophic cascade
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Florian Zellweger; Pieter De Frenne; Jonathan Lenoir; Duccio Rocchini; David Coomes
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Microclimates at the land–air interface affect the physiological functioning of organisms which, in turn, influences the structure, composition, and functioning of ecosystems. We review how remote sensing technologies that deliver detailed data about the structure and thermal composition of environments are improving the assessment of microclimate over space and time. Mapping landscape-level heterogeneity of microclimate advances our ability to study how organisms respond to climate...
Topics: LiDAR, climate change ecology, light detection and ranging, thermal imaging, topography, vegetation...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 William J. Sutherland; Steven Broad; Nafeesa Esmail; Stuart H.M. Butchart; Stewart J. Clarke; Alexandra M. Collins; Lynn V. Dicks; Helen Doran; Erica Fleishman; Nicola Frost; David W. Gibbons; Alice C. Hughes; Zhigang Jiang; Ruth Kelman; Becky LeAnstey
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We present the results of our tenth annual horizon scan. We identified 15 emerging priority topics that may have major positive or negative effects on the future conservation of global biodiversity, but currently have low awareness within the conservation community. We hope to increase research and policy attention on these areas, improving the capacity of the community to mitigate impacts of potentially negative issues, and maximise the benefits of issues that provide opportunities. Topics...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Nicole S. Ngo
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Climate change is projected to worsen weather extremes, such as heat waves and days of heavy precipitation, which could pose serious health and economic risks to U.S. cities. These extreme weather events could also affect urban mobility, since people who walk or bike may shift to public transit or avoid travel if they cannot afford a vehicle. To address these concerns, this study examines the effects of extreme weather events on bus ridership and the extent to which this relationship varies by...
Topics: Bus ridership, Extreme weather, Heat waves, Public transit
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Tianni Wang; Zhuohua Qu; Daniel Bowden; Zaili Yang; Timothy Nichol; Delia Dimitriu; Geoff Clarke
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This paper aims to analyse the impacts of climate change to the current and predicted future situations of road transportation in the UK and evaluate the corresponding adaptation plans to cope with them. A conceptual framework of long-term adaptation planning for climate change in road systems is proposed to ensure the resilience and sustainability of road transport systems under various climate risks such as flooding and increased temperature. To do so, an advanced Fuzzy Bayesian Reasoning...
Topics: Adaptation measure, Bayesian networks, Climate change, Evidential reasoning, Risk analysis, Road...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Patricia Krecl; Admir Créso Targino; Matthias Ketzel; Yago Alonso Cipoli; Isabella Charres
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Understanding the spatio-temporal variation of short lived climate pollutants (SLCP) over cities is critical to protect public health and mitigate climate change. There is a lack of knowledge about the distribution of SLCP in South America, mainly in medium-sized cities (
Topics: Black carbon, Heavy-duty diesel vehicles, Nitrogen oxides, Particle number concentration,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Zhenhua Chen; Yuxuan Wang
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Transportation systems have become much more vulnerable due to the increased amount of unexpected severe weather events caused by the effects of climate change. One of the direct consequences is that the punctuality of transportation systems is severely affected and the prediction of the on-time performance of scheduled service becomes challenging due to the uncertainty of severe weather's occurrence. The objective of this paper is to investigate two fundamental questions pertaining to the...
Topics: Aviation, High-speed rail, On-time performance, Severe weather event, Vulnerability
Concerns over climate change and peak oil motivate examining the relationship between the built environment (BE) and individual fuel consumption. Most studies overlook BE characteristics at workplace locations. They often estimate fuel use based on travel distance instead of on actual consumption. This practice ignores other influential mechanisms. This study uses the naturalistic driving data of 660 personal vehicles in Beijing. We apply a structural equations model to examine multiple...
Topics: Carbon emissions, Fuel use, Job-housing balance, Land use, Naturalistic driving
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Marcel Carlos da Mata Martins; Antônio Nélson Rodrigues da Silva; Nuno Pinto
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Resilience is an increasingly more important concept to understand the response urban systems are able to deliver to endogenous and exogenous shocks in the current context of climate change and socioeconomic uncertainty. Urban mobility, a fundamental component of urban systems, is naturally sensitive to shocks with significant impacts on daily life of individuals and businesses. The concept of resilience in urban mobility is under intensive research with increasingly more sophisticated...
Topics: Accessibility, Brazil, Mobility planning, Resilience, Urban mobility
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Lucia Rotaris; Romeo Danielis
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A carbon tax aimed specifically at the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions produced by non-ETS sectors (and in particular, from transportation) has been proposed by policy makers on several occasions but has not yet been implemented in Italy. This paper aims to test the acceptability of such a measure and to quantify its amount by estimating Italian citizens’ willingness to pay (WTP) via two contingent valuation surveys involving a sample of 603 people. We find that the median WTP...
Topics: Carbon tax, Climate change, Greenhouse gas emissions, Social cost, Willingness to pay
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 N. Coulombel; V. Boutueil; L. Liu; V. Viguié
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This paper investigates how and to what extent changes in user behavior may mitigate the environmental benefits of urban ridesharing, a phenomenon commonly referred to as “rebound effect”. Ridesharing reduces both the individual cost of car travel (through cost splitting) and road travel times (by decreasing congestion). This may trigger a number of behavioral changes among transportation users, including: making less detours to avoid congestion (route choice effect), switching from public...
Topics: Climate change, Rebound effect, Ridesharing, Users
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Electric vehicles (EVs) are increasingly considered as a promising solution to tackle climate change impacts, improve air quality, and enhance growth sustainability. This paper proposes a two-step approach for optimally deploying charging points (CPs) by bringing together spatial statistics and maximal coverage location models. CP locations are conceptualised as a spatial point pattern, driven by an underlying stochastic process, and are investigated by using a Bayesian spatial log-Gaussian Cox...
Topics: Electric vehicle charging point placement, Log-Gaussian Cox process, Spatial analysis, The maximal...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Anders Nordelöf; Anne Marie Tillman; Mikael Alatalo; Torbjörn Thiringer
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Ongoing development of electrified road vehicles entails a risk of conflict between resource issues and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, the environmental impact of the core design and magnet material for three electric vehicle traction motors was explored with life cycle assessment (LCA): two permanent magnet synchronous machines with neodymium-dysprosium-iron-boron or samarium-cobalt magnets, and a permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance machine (PM-assisted...
Topics: Electric motor, Ferrite, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Magnet, Neodymium, Samarium
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Michael J. Gatari; Patrick L. Kinney; Beizhan Yan; Elliott Sclar; Nicole Volavka-Close; Nicole S. Ngo; Samuel Mwaniki Gaita; Peter K. Ndiba; Anthony Gachanja; Jennifer Graeff; Steven N. Chillrud
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Airborne black carbon (BC) particles have serious implications for human health and climate change and thus represent a prime target for mitigation policies. The sources of BC include vehicles burning diesel fuel, which are common in urban areas in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to examine the possible relationship between traffic and airborne BC concentrations near roadways in Nairobi, Kenya. We measured personal exposure levels of BC in Nairobi in a field campaign in...
Topics: Air pollution, Black carbon, Diesel, PM 2.5, Roadway emissions, Sub-Saharan Africa, Transportation,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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To understand the changing relationships between commuting CO 2 emissions (CCE), travel behavior and urban forms, this paper provides a comparative study between the typical Chinese cities of Beijing (more developed) and Xi'an (rapidly developing). Further, the effects of metro services on reducing CCE were explored, and comparative analysis on CCE between the inner sprawling suburbs and outer suburbs was conducted. It was found that: (i) the increases in CCE are several times larger than the...
Topics: Beijing, China, Transport CO 2 emission by commuters, Travel pattern, Urban sprawl, Xi'an
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Laingo M. Randrianarisoa; Anming Zhang
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We investigate the size and timing of investment in adaptation to climate change effects for ports, when efficiency of investment is uncertain and the market is competitive. We develop a two-period real options game model with two “landlord” ports, each consisting of a port authority (PA) and a downstream terminal operator company (TOC). The two PAs compete with each other at the upstream level, and the two TOCs downstream. The model assumes an accumulation of information about the...
Topics: Adaptation investment, Climate change effects, Extreme weather and natural disasters, Investment...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Lance Noel; Gerardo Zarazua de Rubens; Johannes Kester; Benjamin K. Sovacool
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Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) refers to a technology that could help make the electricity grid more effective, reduce the cost of ownership of electric vehicles (EVs), and help integrate intermittent renewable energy sources. However, despite these advantages, implementation and even knowledge of the technology is not widespread. In order to explore why, we ask the question: what are the barriers that V2G currently faces? To provide an answer, the authors conducted 227 semi-structured interviews with...
Topics: Barriers, Climate change, Electric vehicles, Storage, Vehicle-to-grid
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Sandra Melo; Joaquim Macedo; Patrícia Baptista
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The sharing economy concept – an extension of the internet of things concept - has contributed to the emergence of a new paradigm of freight transportation, where the main players are puppet masters in controlling data and not only physical assets. This new economic model is based on the use of technology to allow companies, citizens and other actors to share and monetize the excess capacity of their assets (vehicles, houses, parking spaces, etc.). The potential effects of this model are...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Jenny McArthur; Enora Robin; Emilia Smeds
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The sustainable mobility paradigm has dominated the urban transport research agenda for more than a decade. This paradigm focuses on the environmental impacts of travel and the imperative for climate change mitigation, however the specific outcomes of transport in terms of trip type and purpose are not robustly conceptualised, with limited intellectual foundations to understand the ethical considerations of transport service provision. This paper critically considers transport strategies...
Topics: Equity, Night time economy, Transport
On the basis of 143 responses from experts and stakeholders from Germany, Austria, Spain, the Netherlands and the UK, we assess the perceived impact of a range of incentives for the uptake of electric vehicles (EVs). We find that the incentive that most respondents consider to have a positive impact is the development of charging infrastructure, with 75% stating so. This is followed by purchase subsidies, to narrow the difference in price of an EV and that of an internal combustion engine...
Topics: Air pollution, Charging infrastructure, Climate change, Electric vehicles, Purchase subsidies, Tax...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Alec Biehl; Amanda Stathopoulos
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Encouraging sustainable mobility patterns is at the forefront of policymaking at all scales of governance as the collective consciousness surrounding climate change continues to expand. Not every community, however, possesses the necessary economic or socio-cultural capital to encourage modal shifts away from private motorized vehicles towards active modes. The current literature on ‘soft’ policy emphasizes the importance of tailoring behavior change campaigns to individual or geographic...
Topics: Active transportation, Built environment, Focus groups, Sense of community, Sentiment analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Heikki Hänninen; Koen Kramer; Karen Tanino; Rui Zhang; Yongshuo H. Fu
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In boreal and temperate trees, air temperature is a major environmental factor regulating the timing of spring phenological events, such as vegetative bud burst, through underlying physiological processes. This has been established by experimental research, and mathematical process-based tree phenology models have been developed based on the results. The models have often been applied when assessing the effects of climate change. Currently, there is an increasing trend to develop process-based...
Topics: bud burst, climate change, dormancy, phenology, process-based modelling
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Tarik Dogru; Elizabeth A. Marchio; Umit Bulut; Courtney Suess
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Fluctuating and extreme weather patterns are acute indicators of climate change and these patterns modify tourist activities. The tourism industry is thus considered highly vulnerable to climate change. However, the effects of climate change on tourism have not yet been extensively quantified. Furthermore, the extent to which tourism is vulnerable or resilient to climate change has not been compared to other sectors of the economy. This study examines the extent to which vulnerability and...
Topics: Climate change, GDP, Resilience, Tourism, Vulnerability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Jun Liu; Han Cheng; Di Jiang; Li Huang
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This study introduces plant phenophase as a “bridge” to assessing the impact of climate change on autumn foliage viewing tourism in Japan. The results showed that from 1978 to 2016, the autumnal foliage colouration of four cities in Japan was delayed, the duration of the autumnal leaf discolouration was significantly shortened, and only one city experienced a significant delay in leaf-falling. The delay in the autumn foliage colouration and leaf-falling periods on average increase the...
Topics: Climate change, Japan, Maple leaf viewing activities, Phenology, Tourism
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Natalie M. Hull; Fangqiong Ling; Ameet J. Pinto; Mads Albertsen; Pei Ying Hong; Konstantinos T. Konstantinidis; Rita R. Colwell; Wen Tso Liu
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Now is an opportune time to foster collaborations across sectors and geographical boundaries to enable development of best practices for drinking water (DW) microbiome research, focusing on accuracy and reproducibility of meta-omic techniques (while learning from past microbiome projects). A large-scale coordinated effort that builds on this foundation will enable the urgently needed comprehensive spatiotemporal understanding and control of DW microbiomes by engineering interventions to protect...
Topics: drinking water, meta-omics, microbial ecology, microbiome
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Luna M. van der Loos; Britas Klemens Eriksson; Joana Falcão Salles
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When studying the effects of climate change on eukaryotic organisms we often oversee a major ecological process: the interaction with microbes. Eukaryotic hosts and microbes form functional units, termed holobionts, where microbes play crucial roles in host functioning. Environmental stress may disturb these complex mutualistic relations. Macroalgae form the foundation of coastal ecosystems worldwide and provide important ecosystem services – services they could likely not provide without...
Topics: holobiont, macroalgae, microbiome, microbiota
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Jessica Aschemann-Witzel; Gastón Ares; John Thøgersen; Erminio Monteleone
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Background: Humanity's current use of resources is not in line with the goal of sustainable development. Climate change impact scenarios appear worryingly pessimistic. The agricultural and food production accounts for a particularly high share of the impact, and this also holds for consumption of food. Transforming food consumption plays a crucial role in tackling the challenges, and sensory consumer science can contribute to this. Scope and approach: This commentary examines what is required...
Topics: Consumer behaviour, Perception, Research, Sensory science, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 António Marques; Ana L. Maulvault; Maria Leonor Nunes
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Background: Seafood safety is a priority for all stakeholders associated with supply and consumption. Outbreaks and recalls caused by microbial pathogens, toxins from harmful algal blooms and xenobiotics are attributed to contaminated seafood, leading to considerable public health and economic burdens. Yet, the complexity of seafood safety management systems in a dynamic global market affected by climate change and driven by market demands, urges the implementation of innovative research and...
Topics: Chemical contaminants, Food safety, Infrastructure needs, Research needs, Toxins
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Antonio Moretti; Michelangelo Pascale; Antonio F. Logrieco
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As determined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, warming of the climate system is unequivocal and has been associated with rising sea levels, diminished amounts of ice and snow and increasing oceanic and atmospheric temperatures. Such climate changes have a significant impact on stages and rates of toxigenic fungi development and can modify host-resistance and host-pathogen interactions, influencing deeply also the conditions for mycotoxin production that vary for each individual...
Topics: Aflatoxin B 1, Aspergillus flavus, Deoxynivalenol, Food safety, Fusarium graminearum
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 J. P. Amitha; G. Krishnan; M. Bagath; V. Sejian; R. Bhatta
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A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of heat stress on the expression pattern of reproduction related genes in Malabari breed of goat. The study was conducted during 45 days using twelve 10 months to one year old Malabari goats. The goats were randomly allocated into two groups: MC (n = 6; Malabari control) and MHS (n = 6; Malabari heat stress). Goats were stall-fed with a diet composed of 60% roughage and 40% concentrate. All animals had access to ad-libitum feed and water and they...
Topics: ESTRα, Heat stress, PGF2α, Reproductive trait
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Augusto Bicalho Cruz Vieira; André Alberto Weber; Yves Moreira Ribeiro; Ronald Kennedy Luz; Nilo Bazzoli; Elizete Rizzo
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Rivers salinisation is a global threat due to climate changes and human activities. We investigated the influence of different water salinities on spermatogenesis in a euryhaline fish that reproduces in different environments.
Topics: Apoptosis, Cell proliferation, Fish, Heat shock protein, Reproduction, Testis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Christopher A. Craig; Elizabeth L. Petrun Sayers
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Young millennials will play an important role in addressing the intergenerational climate change crisis related to energy production. Drawing from the Theory of Planned Behavior and community resilience literatures, we analyzed how awareness of local clean energy initiatives, risk perceptions, environmental messaging, and environmental orientation influence young millennial support for federal clean energy policy and taxes as mediated through local clean energy support.
Topics: Environmental messaging, Renewable energy, Theory of planned behavior
Energy innovation is a key requirement to limit global warming and tackle climate change in the years to come. A better understanding of the public R&D mechanism is likely to improve allocation of resources for energy innovation. Thus, the present paper evaluates the impacts of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources. To achieve this goal, knowledge flow has been modeled as a function of public R&D expenditures, cumulative knowledge stocks...
Topic: Technological development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Ulrich A.K. Betz; Frederick Betz; Rachel Kim; Brendan Monks; Fred Phillips
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We asked readers of Science, Nature and Harvard Business Review about their expectations for advances in science, technology, and business over a 35-year time horizon. We asked further about their needs and dreams for technical products, and their forecasts of converging industries. A fourth survey, fielded later to experts in technology forecasting and science policy, yielded assessments of the earlier survey results as well as the experts' own views on the advances, needs, and convergence...
Topics: "Business futures, Foresight, Innovation, Planning, Science, technology and society"
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Wenxiang Li; Lei Bao; Luqi Wang; Ye Li; Xianmin Mai
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Given increasing concern about climate change, the trend toward low-carbon urban transport development has global appeal. The evaluation of low-carbon urban transport is a prerequisite for a transition toward low-carbon urban transport. However, most of the existing research focuses only on the absolute evaluation of urban transport CO 2 emissions, which do not represent the level of low-carbon urban transport. In addition, an absolute evaluation is not comparable across different cities over...
Topic: Urban transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Shibao Lu; Xiao Bai; Wei Li; Ning Wang
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Climate change impact assessment has become a universal concern and attracted more attentions all over the world. The climate change has an increasingly serious impact on water resources and grain production. Strengthening scientific research in relevant fields of climate change and enhancing grain production in order to adapt to climate change is of vital significance to guarantee food security, improve farmers’ income and maintain social stability. This paper constructs a new...
Topics: Analysis of the correlation, C-D-C model, Climate change, Grain production, Water resources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
Jul 6, 2019 Gabriela Contreras; Federico Platania
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Despite the overwhelming consensus within the scientific community concerning the causes and effects of climate change, decision-making processes often do not point out in the same direction. In order to effectively and satisfactorily tackle climate change, a legally and politically binding long-term policy architecture is needed. In practice, however, central governments and international policymakers have been unable to provide a successful policy architecture. Yet, city-level initiatives...
Topics: Climate change, Greenhouse gas, Inter-temporal discounting, Mean reverting, Policy uncertainty,...